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Encyclopedia > John Davenport (clergyman)
Contemporary portrait of John Davenport
Contemporary portrait of John Davenport

John Davenport (April 9, 1597March 15, 1670) was a puritan clergyman and co-founder of the American colony of New Haven. Image File history File links 1670_davenport. ... Image File history File links 1670_davenport. ... April 9 is the 99th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (100th in leap years). ... Events 17 January - A court case in Guildford recorded evidence that a certain plot of land was used for playing “kreckett” (i. ... March 15 is the 74th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (75th in Leap years). ... 1670 was a common year beginning on a Saturday in countries using the Julian calendar and a Wednesday in countries using the Gregorian calendar. ... The Puritans were originally members of a group of English Protestants seeking purity — further reforms or even separation from the established church — during the Protestant Reformation. ... The New Haven Colony was an English colonial venture in Connecticut in North America from 1637 to 1662. ...


Born in Coventry, Warwickshire, England to a wealthy family (his father was mayor of Coventry), Davenport was educated at Oxford University. After serving as the chaplain of Hilton Castle he became the minister of Saint Stephen's Church in London. In he 1625 returned to Oxford for further studies. The Precinct in Coventry city centre. ... Warwickshire (pronounced either /ˈwɔːɹɪkˌʃə/ or /ˈwɔːɹɪkˌʃɪə/) is a landlocked non-metropolitan county in central England. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger,greater) is the politician who serves as chief executive official of some types of municipalities. ... The Precinct in Coventry city centre. ... The University of Oxford, located in the city of Oxford in England, is the oldest university in the English-speaking world. ... A chaplain is typically a member of the clergy serving a group of people who are not organized as a mission or church; lay chaplains are also found in some settings such as universities. ... In most Protestant churches, a minister is a member of the ordained clergy who leads a congregation or participates in a role in a parachurch ministry; such a person may also be called a Pastor, Preacher, Bishop, Chaplain or Elder. ... St. ... London is the capital city of the United Kingdom and of England and is the most populous city in the European Union. ... Events March 27 - Prince Charles Stuart becomes King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland. ...


Following a disgreement over the inclusion of the destitute in church congregations, in 1633 he resigned from the established church and moved to Holland. In 1637 he acquired the patent for a colony in Massachusetts and sailed with much his congregation for Boston. In March of 1638 he co-founded the Colony of New Haven along with his classmate, Theophilus Eaton, a wealthy merchant from London who became the colony's first governor. He was a large proponent of education in his colony and is often credited with the co-founding of Hopkins School.[1] Destitution is an extreme state of poverty, in which a person is almost completely lacking in resources or means of support. ... A congregation is the group of members who make up a local Christian church or Jewish synagogue (or those who are present at a service thereat), as opposed to the building itself. ... Events February 13 - Galileo Galilei arrives in Rome for his trial before the Inquisition. ... Holland is a region in the central-western part of the Netherlands. ... Events February 3 - Tulipmania collapses in Netherlands by government order February 15 - Ferdinand III becomes Holy Roman Emperor December 17 - Shimabara Rebellion erupts in Japan Pierre de Fermat makes a marginal claim to have proof of what would become known as Fermats last theorem. ... Official language(s) English Capital Boston Largest city Boston Area  Ranked 44th  - Total 10,555 sq. ... Boston is a town and small port c. ... Events March 29 - Swedish colonists establish first settlement in Delaware, called New Sweden. ... The New Haven Colony was an English colonial venture in Connecticut in North America from 1637 to 1662. ... Theophilus Eaton (1590 – January 7, 1658) was a merchant, farmer, and British colonial leader who was the co-founder and first governor of New Haven Colony, Connecticut. ... For the Minnesota school, see Hopkins Senior High School; for the university, see Johns Hopkins University. ...


As a burgess, he was an important figure in the colony up until his departure to Boston in 1669. He died in Boston of apoplexy in 1670 and was buried in the same tomb as John Cotton. Yale University's Davenport College is named in his honor. Burgess was originally a freeman of a borough. ... Apoplexy is an old-fashioned medical term, generally used interchangeably with cerebrovascular accident (CVA or stroke) but having other meanings as well. ... 1670 was a common year beginning on a Saturday in countries using the Julian calendar and a Wednesday in countries using the Gregorian calendar. ... John Cotton (1585–1652) John Cotton (December 4, 1585 – December 23, 1652) assisted in the foundation of Boston, Massachusetts and was a highly regarded principal among the New England Puritan ministers, who also included John Winthrop, Thomas Hooker, Increase Mather (who became his son-in-law), John Davenport, and Thomas... Yale redirects here. ... Davenport College is one of the twelve residential colleges at Yale University. ...


It is a possibility that many of the so-called "self portraits" that Rembrandt did of himself, were in fact portraits of Davenport since Rembrandt was sometimes known to associate with those who ministered to the destitute, and known pictures of John Davenport bear a striking resemblance to Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn. The portrait that accompanies this article purports to have been done during Davenport's lifetime, although it is dated to 1670 when he died. This article is about the Dutch painter. ...


Recently, DNA evidence has proven that his grandfather, Edward Davenport of Coventry, was descended from the Davenports of Henbury. In addition, the DNA evidence has established his descent from Ormus de Davenport, of Cheshire, and also his relationship to the present day Lord Bromley Davenport.[citation needed]


See also

Nickname: The Elm City Official website: www. ... The History of Connecticut begins as a number of unrelated colonial villages. ... Robert Seeley, also Seely, Seelye, or Ciely, (1602-1668) was an early Puritan settler in the Massachusetts Bay Colony who helped establish the communities of Watertown, Wethersfield, and New Haven. ...

References

  1. ^ Chronicles of Hopkins Grammar School: 1660-1935. Thomas B Davis. Quinnipiack Press, New Haven, CT. 1938

External links

  • Genepool: Saint Stephen's page
  • Hilton Castle, Durham An actual engraved image of Durham Castle can be found here, with links back to the London Genealogy page.
  • Virtual American Biographies A complete biography with a purported image of John Davenport can be found here.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Connecticut's Heritage Gateway (448 words)
John Davenport, Congregational clergyman and founder of New Haven, attended Merton and Magdalen Colleges, Oxford, and began preaching at a private chapel in 1615.
Eaton became governor of the new colony, and Davenport was installed as minister of the New Haven church.
John Davenport was an eminent scholar and theologian justly acclaimed for his crucial role in the founding and early history of New Haven.
John Davenport (clergyman) Summary (796 words)
Of a distinguished English family, John Davenport was the fifth son of the mayor of Coventry.
Davenport's was a strictly orthodox Puritanism; in Holland (as later in New England) he opposed the baptism of the children of the unregenerate.
John Davenport (April 9, 1597 – March 15, 1670) was a puritan clergyman and co-founder of the American colony of New Haven.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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