FACTOID # 2: Puerto Rico has roughly the same gross state product as Montana, Wyoming and North Dakota combined.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > John Constantine
John Constantine

Cover to Hellblazer #189 (Dec. 2003).
Art by Tim Bradstreet.
Publication information
Publisher Vertigo Comics
DC Comics
First appearance Saga of the Swamp Thing #25 (cameo); #37 (June 1985)
Created by Alan Moore
John Totleben
Steve Bissette
In story information
Team affiliations The Trenchcoat Brigade
The Newcastle Crew
The Order of St Oran
Mucous Membrane
(John's punk band)
Notable aliases John Collier, Leo Sumner, John McMahon, Adrian Brown (cited on issue #194 coveronly)
Abilities Cunning
Hypnosis
Mind control
Magical adept
Arcane knowledge.

John Constantine (May 10, 1953 in Liverpool, England) is the fictional protagonist of the comic series Hellblazer. The character is an "occult detective", in the tradition of Jules de Grandin or Carnacki. The character first appeared in the horror comic Swamp Thing #37, written by Alan Moore in which he was a recurring character. He has also made regular appearances in the various incarnations of The Books of Magic, and has made cameo appearances in several DC and Vertigo Comics. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (512x780, 103 KB) Cover to Hellblazer #189 (December 2003). ... Tim Bradstreet (born February 16, 1967, in Cheverly, Maryland), is an artist and illustrator, best known for his work on comic books (covers and interiors), book covers, movie posters, roleplaying games and trading cards. ... Vertigo logo Vertigo is an imprint of comic book and graphic novel publisher DC Comics. ... DC Comics is an American comic book and related media company. ... In comic books, first appearance refers to first comic book to feature a character. ... For other uses, see Swamp Thing (disambiguation). ... For other persons named Alan Moore, see Alan Moore (disambiguation). ... John Totleben (born February 16, 1958 in Erie, Pennsylvania) is an American illustrator working mostly in comics. ... Stephen R. Bissette (also known as Steve Bissette) is a comics artist and publisher best known for working with writer Alan Moore and inker John Totleben on the DC comic Swamp Thing in the 1980s. ... The Trenchcoat Brigade is a four-issue mini-series of comic books that was published in the 1999 by DC Comics Vertigo imprint. ... For other uses, see Hypnotized (song). ... Mind control (or thought control) has the premise that an outside source can control an individuals thinking, behavior or consciousness (either directly or more subtly). ... The Sorceress by John William Waterhouse Magic, sometimes known as sorcery, is a conceptual system that asserts human ability to control the natural world (including events, objects, people, and physical phenomena) through mystical, paranormal or supernatural means. ... Look up Esotericism in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... is the 130th day of the year (131st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Liverpool (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... A fictional character is any person, persona, identity, or entity that is created from ones imagination or from an adaption of an existing entity. ... A protagonist is the main figure of a piece of literature or drama and has the main part or role. ... A comic book is a magazine or book containing the art form of comics. ... Hellblazer is a contemporary horror comic book series published by the Vertigo imprint of DC Comics. ... Jules de Grandin is a fictional occult detective created by Seabury Quinn for Weird Tales. ... This article or section needs copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone and/or spelling. ... For other uses, see Swamp Thing (disambiguation). ... For other persons named Alan Moore, see Alan Moore (disambiguation). ... The Books of Magic is the title of a four-issue English-language comic book limited series written by Neil Gaiman, and later an ongoing series, published by the DC Comics imprint Vertigo. ... DC Comics is an American comic book and related media company. ... Vertigo logo Vertigo is an imprint of comic book and graphic novel publisher DC Comics. ...

Contents

Creation

John Constantine first appeared in 1985 as a recurring character in the horror series Swamp Thing, in which he acted as a "supernatural advisor" to the main character.[1] “Horror story” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Swamp Thing (disambiguation). ...


In these early appearances, Constantine was depicted as a sorcerer of questionable morality, whose appearance was based on that of the musician Sting (specifically, as Sting appeared in the movie Quadrophenia). Alan Moore created the character after artists Stephen R. Bissette and John Totleben, who were fans of The Police, expressed a desire to draw a character who looked like Sting.[2] They had already drawn at least one such background character in his likeness, in Swamp Thing #25 (1984); though John Constantine's official debut was not until Swamp Thing #37. Gordon Matthew Thomas Sumner, CBE (born October 2, 1951), universally known by his stage name Sting, is an Academy Award-nominated sixteen time Grammy-winning English musician from Wallsend in North Tyneside. ... Quadrophenia is a 1979 British film based on the 1973 rock opera album Quadrophenia by The Who. ... For other persons named Alan Moore, see Alan Moore (disambiguation). ... Stephen R. Bissette (also known as Steve Bissette) is a comics artist and publisher best known for working with writer Alan Moore and inker John Totleben on the DC comic Swamp Thing in the 1980s. ... John Totleben (born February 16, 1958 in Erie, Pennsylvania) is an American illustrator working mostly in comics. ... This article is about the rock band. ...


Moore has stated, "It struck me that it might be interesting for once to do an almost blue-collar warlock. Somebody who was streetwise, working class, and from a different background than the standard run of comic book mystics. Constantine started to grow out of that."[2]


Constantine is shown to be someone with a wide and international circle of friends & allies, and is supremely adept at making friends. He has had many girlfriends as well. At the same time, his friends inevitably suffer or are outright killed simply by being in his life; this has left a severe mark on him. In #69, when the King of Vampires killed the man next to him and casually asked if he'd been a friend, John replied "Must be. He's dead".


Characterization

Although a compassionate humanist who struggles to overcome the influence of both heaven and hell over humanity and despite his occasional forays into heroism, Constantine is a foul-mouthed cynic who pursues a life of magic and danger. His motivation has been attributed to an adrenaline addiction that only the strange and mysterious can sate. He also seems to be something of a "weirdness magnet." For the specific belief system, see Humanism (life stance). ... This article is about the ancient Greek school of philosophy. ... Epinephrine (INN) or adrenaline (BAN) is a hormone and a neurotransmitter. ...


Constantine is bisexual and sometimes sexually ambivalent; it was established in Hellblazer #51 ("Counting to Ten") that he had boyfriends, and during the "Ashes and Dust in the City of Angels" story arc (Hellblazer issues #170–174) he seduced a male character named Stanley Manor as part of an elaborate con. It is made both implicit and explicit by dialogue and artwork in the same story arc that while infiltrating the BDSM club that Stanley attended, Constantine had sex with several male, female and transgendered individuals. Bisexual redirects here. ...


While Constantine will and has worn many clothes over the years he was originally portrayed as often wearing a blue pin-stripe suit, tan trench coat and occasionally gloves. As the series progressed his trademark attire become a grungier (or perhaps the same just older) trench coat, white shirt and black tie. Constantine chain-smokes Silk Cut cigarettes, consuming sixty or so a day. World War I example For the film, see Trenchcoat (film). ... Silk Cut is brand of low tar cigarette produced by the Gallaher Group. ...


Fictional character history

Youth

In Constantine's early appearances in Swamp Thing, his past was a mystery; his life as a child and young adult was not developed until Jamie Delano's Hellblazer stories. There, we found out that he was born in Liverpool, England, on May 10, 1953. His mother, Mary Anne, died giving birth to John and his stillborn twin brother because an earlier abortion—forced on her by John's father, Thomas—had weakened her womb. Because he was unable to accept responsibility for his wife's death, Thomas blamed John and the pair grew up with a deep dislike for one another. Whilst in the womb, John strangles his twin brother with his own umbilical cord; in a parallel universe glimpsed in Hellblazer #40, the twin survives to become the well-loved and well-adjusted magician that John never was. Jamie Delano Jamie Delano (born 1954, Northampton) is a British comics writer. ... is the 130th day of the year (131st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Parallel universe, alternate reality, etc. ...


While only children, John and his older sister Cheryl lived briefly with their aunt and uncle in Northampton to escape from their father's alcoholism and subsequent imprisonment for stealing a female neighbour's underwear. They later then moved back to Liverpool when their father was released. As a child, one of John's first acts of magic was to hide all of his childhood innocence and vulnerability in a box to rid himself of it.[3] Later, in the 1960s, a teenage John ran away from home, but not before a botched curse on his father caused him to become withered and frail. John eventually made his permanent home in London in 1969, rooming with Francis "Chas" Chandler, a young man who has since gone on to become John's closest — and longest surviving — friend. Northampton is a large market town and a local government district in the English East Midlands region. ... Alcoholism is the consumption of, or preoccupation with, alcoholic beverages to the extent that this behavior interferes with the drinkers normal personal, family, social, or work life, and may lead to physical or mental harm. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ...


During the 1970s, John became involved in occult circles in London, and visited San Francisco, where he met, and subsequently began a relationship with, the female magician Zatanna. He also became enamored of punk rock; after seeing the Sex Pistols at the Roxy Club in London in 1977, John cut his long hair and formed his own band, Mucous Membrane, whose members included Chandler (as a roadie), a drummer named Beano and fellow Liverpudlian Gary Lester. For other uses, see Occult (disambiguation). ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... Zatanna Zatara is a fictional character in the DC Comics universe. ... Punk rock is an anti-establishment music movement beginning around 1976 (although precursors can be found several years earlier), exemplified and popularised by The Ramones, the Sex Pistols, The Clash and The Damned. ... Sex Pistols are an iconic and highly influential English punk rock band, formed in London in 1975. ...


John's first venture into occult "heroism", as depicted in a flashback in Hellblazer #11, was a disaster. On tour with Mucous Membrane at the Casa Nova Club in Newcastle, he found the aftermath of a magical orgy gone horribly wrong: an abused child, Astra, had conjured a hideous monster that took revenge on the adults who were tormenting her, and the monster refused to leave. For other uses, see Revenge (disambiguation). ...

John Constantine.
John Constantine.

With typical recklessness, John convinces some members of the band, along with several occultist friends, to try destroying the creature by summoning a demon of their own. Unfortunately, this demon was not under their control and after it had destroyed the child's monster, it torments Constantine's friends and took the child to Hell. John suffered a nervous breakdown after this incident, and was committed to a mental institution, which he drifted in and out of over the years. He was severely abused by the staff during the time he spent there, as they believed that he was the one who had molested and murdered Astra. John was never officially cured in any way — his time at the asylum ended when London crimelord Harry Cooper used his influence to spring John, wanting him to return his dead son to life. (Incapable of doing this, John roped several friends into forcing a demon to inhabit the corpse, and tried to forget the whole thing) Image File history File links Smart-Ass_John. ... Image File history File links Smart-Ass_John. ... This article is about the theological or philosophical afterlife. ...


The guilt of Astra hung over him for many years until, in his mid-forties, he used some magic and con-artistry to free not only her, but also the souls of all the other children trapped in Hell. As for the rest of the "Newcastle Crew", the incident left the group both physically and psychologically scarred.


Occult "hero"

Years later, John was able to persuade the same group to help with his investigation of the Brujería cult, as seen in Swamp Thing #37–49. However, the cult murders most of them, including John's then-lover, Emma. These people, and others who have died due to John's carelessness, have continued to appear to him as silent, reproachful ghosts. Chas is one of his only human friends to have survived a long-term association with John. Cult typically refers to a cohesive social group devoted to beliefs or practices that the surrounding culture considers outside the mainstream, with a notably positive or negative popular perception. ... For other uses, see Ghost (disambiguation). ...


After this, John became involved in a clash between the demon Nergal & his Damnation Army human agents and the Resurrection Crusade evangelist group; both groups were trying to fulfil the prophecy of the birth of an influential child, the latter trying to birth the Second Coming and the former trying to birth the Anti-Christ. Both sides fixed onto John's new girlfriend and ally Zed, and she was lost to the God's Army. However, Constantine was infused with demon blood by Nergal so that, by having sex with Zed, he could ensure she couldn't be used for the Second Coming. John then helped ensure the Swamp Thing could spawn a child, thus taking the prophecy was fulfilled and Hell couldn't use it. Finding out later that Nergal was the same demon he encountered in Newcastle, John fought him and got revenge (deliberately sacrificing former friend Ritchie Simpson in the process).


In 1991 while in his late thirties, John contracts terminal lung cancer. During this time, he came to the aid of a dying friend, Brendan, who had sold his soul to the First of the Fallen, the most powerful lord of Hell. When the First came to collect the soul, John tricks him into drinking holy water, which renders him helpless and prevented him from collecting the friend's soul at the appointed time. Lung cancer is a disease of uncontrolled cell growth in tissues of the lung. ... This article is about water that has been blessed. ...


For this, the First promised to make John suffer unprecedented torment in Hell when he dies. Slowly dying from cancer, John hatches a plan to save himself from eternal torment. He secretly sold his soul to the other two Lords of Hell. When they discover Constantine's actions they realized that they could not allow him to die, or else they would be forced to go to all-out war over his soul - a war whose only winner would be "the Lord of the Hosts" (i.e. God) and his angels. However, they were also far too stubborn and proud to enter anything resembling an alliance. As a result, they were forced to cure John of his cancer. This led to the First plotting a grand revenge on Constantine, who manipulated the demon via his ally Ellie (a succubus) into coming into a trap; the plan only barely succeeded, and while the First was temporarily defeated many of John's friends were killed. This article is about the term God in the context of monotheism and henotheism. ... This article is about the supernatural being. ...


Between the two battles John entered a heavy relationship with Northern Irish girl Kit Ryan, one that saw him briefly consider settling down and which others saw as his last chance at normality. However, his schemes against the First indirectly put her in danger - something he promised her wouldn't happen - and she left, causing him to briefly fall into a major depression and become homeless for part of 1993.


Constantine then went on to have a series of adventures and misadventures playing the role of puppet and puppeteer with his signature style and profane sarcasm. He managed to free Astra and every other child in Hell, but at the cost of the First returning to power; also, as part of the scheme, John's worst attributes being given separate existence as "Demon Constantine" which meant he himself couldn't go to Hell. As part of an attempt to regain his nastier edge, he had to use Ellie, and this led to her taking out a revenge scheme in 1998 that forced him to turn to the First for help; Ellie ended up in Hell, several of John's oldest friends left him, and he sold his soul ensuring he was damned once more.


Soon after, he battled the demon in Harry Cooper's son's corpse while helping Chas out, and was left despondent at the memory of his dead friends and how all the carnage had been caused by him refusing to clean up the mess he started. The following year, he tracked down a rival magician who had murdered an old girlfriend of John's, and took revenge by torturing him into insanity.


The new millennium

In the year 2000 while in America, he was framed for the murder of an old friend called "Lucky" Fermin (who had committed suicide) and locked up in a maximum security prison. After arranging a prison riot and having his release orchestrated by FBI agent Frank Turro, Constantine (officially killed in the riot) traveled across America for a time on a personal quest to ask the forgiveness of the widow of Lucky, for whose death he felt responsible even though he was innocent of his murder. After encountering, roughly in order, the psychotic pornography-making relatives of Lucky, a huge black boar, and a group of snowbound killers, Constantine's journey culminated in his discovery that Lucky's widow Marjorie had joined a neo-Nazi group. Constantine, who has often evinced a dislike for "fascists", disassembled the group from the inside and burned Marjorie's house to the ground after Lucky's ghost revealed he had killed himself as part of a deal he & Marjorie with Stanley Manor, a billionaire who Constantine once swindled in the seventies, to frame Constantine for murder.


At this point Constantine was contacted by Agent Turro who had initiated his release from prison and asked to take part in an attempt to incriminate billionaire Stanley Manor (whom the agent knew was responsible for numerous illegal and immoral acts but who, because of his wealth, could never be brought to justice). To this end Constantine frequented a BDSM sex club, seduced Stanley, raised the ghosts or the illusion of the ghosts of Stanley's parents, and finally faked his own death, all part of a con to bring about Stanley's own suicide. Unfortunately, Turro was killed in the process.


On return to Britain in 2003 and after reconciling with his sister (who believed he was dead), he went on to be involved in a magic war in London and was horrified to find his niece Gemma - who he'd wanted to keep out of this life - had become a witch. He soon ended up organising a counterstrike against the Shadow Dog, warned of its coming and believing it was an entity that brought death and madness; instead, it was a guardian against the true enemy, the Beast, who was manipulating John into giving it free access to humanity. Horror and carnage swept the globe, and only with the help of Gemma & the Swamp Thing did he resurrect the Shadow Dog and defeat the Beast. In the process, he was rendered amnesiac, leaving him vulnerable to the schemes of the demon Rosacarnis. To get his memories back, he had to spend a day in his service in which she had him father three demonic children, who went on to massacre anyone who knew Constantine from friends to enemies to people who'd only briefly met him. Among them there was also hist sister Cheryl; one of his sons had in fact exploited her husband's religious fanaticism to make him see his wife as a witch - and thus a person to be killed. This would set up Constanine to go on journey to hell in the hopes to return his sister's soul. Accompaning him was Nergal, the demon he thought he had kill by sending him to the border of heaven. Actually Nergal had escaped that fate but was punished by the First with death; yet his essence survived, was able to build a surrogate body, and tried to get his power back from Rosacarnis, his own daughter. Greatly weakened and without his original demonic body, Nergal could do nothing when Rosacarnis ordered him again killed. Notably, Nergal possessed Chas in order to contact and help Constantine - when the possession ended, Chas found himself briefly but totally uninhibited, and this led him to betray his spouse with a barely-of-age prostitute - and later, when he got back home, he also beat his wife. Constantine's demonic daughter spied him, contacted him and got some fragments of Nergal's "soul" out of Chas, rendering him again his old self - this was not an altruistic act, as she was able to discern who was aiding John. She subsequently left Chas to the wreckage that his life had suddenly become. While in Hell, John and Nergal met the demon Constantine, who tried to kill the original one. John was forced to let Nergal enter his body in order to finish him. Later they also encountered Ellie, who seemed to have quite pardoned John for him selling her out to the First. She was not subject to any torture or punishment, either. The couple finally arrived at Rosacarnis's hall, where there was a feast with all three Constantine's children, the First, and many demons from all Hell. Nergal left Constantine's body and went to inhabit that of his brother, whom Rosacarnis had poisoned for years (he had an invulnerable body, and wanted regency; so she incapacited him with poison and kept him that way ever since).


Appearances in other comics

Constantine in Vertigo X (2003). Art by Eduardo Risso.
Constantine in Vertigo X (2003). Art by Eduardo Risso.

John Constantine appears in an early issue of Neil Gaiman's The Sandman. In the issue, he helps Dream recover a pouch of sand which had served as one of Dream's totems of power. John had purchased the pouch during Dream's imprisonment and it had then been stolen from him by an ex-girlfriend. John and Dream find the woman using the sand as a drug and driven mad by it, and Dream recovers the pouch, granting the woman a peaceful death at John's request and promising to end the nightmares John had been having "ever since Newcastle". John's ancestor Lady Johanna Constantine also plays a significant role in storylines of The Sandman and an Elizabethan-era "Jack Constantine" is mentioned. Image File history File links VertigoX.jpg‎ http://www. ... Image File history File links VertigoX.jpg‎ http://www. ... This article is about the comics artist. ... Neil Richard Gaiman (IPA: ) (born November 10, 1960[2]) is an English author of science fiction and fantasy short stories and novels, graphic novels, comics, and films. ... The Sandman was a comic book series written by Neil Gaiman and published by DC Comics for 75 issues from 1988 until 1996. ... Cover of The Sandman #1, by Dave McKean. ... This is a list of characters appearing in The Sandman comic book, published by DC Comics Vertigo imprint. ... The Elizabethan Era is the period associated with the reign of Queen Elizabeth I (1558 - 1603) and is often considered to be a golden age in English history. ...


In another of Gaiman's comics, The Books of Magic, John is at hand to show the hero Timothy Hunter around the then-present day DC Comics Universe, along with Mister E, Doctor Occult and the Phantom Stranger. He later appears several times in both the monthly "Books of Magic" series[citation needed] and several mini and maxiseries featuring Timothy Hunter. The Books of Magic is the title of a four-issue English-language comic book limited series written by Neil Gaiman, and later an ongoing series, published by the DC Comics imprint Vertigo. ... Timothy Hunter (often called Tim Hunter) is a fictional comic book character in the DC Comics universe, a young sorcerer who first appeared in the four-issue miniseries The Books of Magic (1990-91), written by Neil Gaiman, with painted art by John Bolton. ... DC Comics is an American comic book and related media company. ... Mister E is a fictional character that has appears mainly in the Vertigo comics universe, though he sometimes appears in the DC Comics universe. ... Doctor Occult is a fictional magic user in the DC Comics universe. ... The Phantom Stranger is a fictional character of unspecified paranormal origins who battles mysterious and occult forces in various titles published by DC Comics, sometimes under their Vertigo imprint. ...


Constantine also makes a small cameo in Vertigo's Lucifer. In issue #5 he is seen drinking at Lucifer Morningstars Bar Lux, among guests that seek an audience with Lucifer about The Gateway out of creation. According to himself he's not there to propose a trade with Lucifer. Only to take "a quick look at the field".[4] Coincidentally, Lucifer Morningstar makes a cameo in Hellblazer Vol.1 #192. Lucifers writer Mike Carey wrote Hellblazer between issues 175-215. Lucifer is a comic book published by Vertigo, an imprint of DC Comics. ...


Constantine is one of the few people aware of the Crisis on Infinite Earths, and one of the few to have foreseen it. Although longtime allies Zatanna, the Phantom Stranger, and Swamp Thing are still either active or frequently referred to in the DCU's world of superheroics, the world of Hellblazer has become more realistic and no mention is made of John's interactions with superheroes, which include attending the funeral of Hal Jordan uninvited, drinking with Doom Patrol member Mento, meeting Batman, attending the opening of Guy Gardner's Green Lantern theme bar, helping an incarnation of the Challengers of the Unknown save London from one of the Millennium Giants and, in his own comic, playing host to a stoned Zatanna at his fortieth birthday party. Crisis on Infinite Earths was a 12-issue American comic book limited series (identified as a 12-part maxi-series) and crossover event, produced by DC Comics in 1985 to simplify their then-55-year-old continuity. ... Zatanna Zatara is a fictional character in the DC Comics universe. ... The Phantom Stranger is a fictional character of unspecified paranormal origins who battles mysterious and occult forces in various titles published by DC Comics, sometimes under their Vertigo imprint. ... Cover to the History of the DC Universe trade paperback. ... Hal Jordan is a fictional character, a DC Comics superhero. ... The Doom Patrol is a fictional superhero team appearing in publications from DC Comics. ... Mento is a fictional superhero from the DC comics universe. ... Batman (originally referred to as the Bat-Man and still referred to at times as the Batman) is a DC Comics fictional superhero who first appeared in Detective Comics #27 in May 1939. ... Guy Gardner is a fictional character, a comic book superhero published by DC Comics. ... Cannabis, also known as marijuana[1] or ganja (Hindi: गांजा),[2] is a psychoactive product of the plant Cannabis sativa. ... Zatanna Zatara is a fictional character in the DC Comics universe. ...


More recently, he appeared in the pages of Justice League of America: Wedding Special, during the wedding of Black Canary and Green Arrow. He was sitting behind Metamorpho. Black Canary is a fictional character, a DC Comics superheroine. ... This article is about the first Green Arrow, Oliver Queen. ... Metamorpho (Rex Mason) is a fictional character, a superhero appearing in comic books published by DC Comics. ...


Constantine was slated to be a main character of the aborted company-wide crossover Twilight of the Superheroes, however the project was ultimately shelved. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this comics-related article or section may require cleanup. ...


Appearances in film and television

In 2005, Warner Bros. released the film Constantine, which is very loosely based upon the Hellblazer comic series. As with all other film adaptations of his works, Alan Moore disassociated himself from the project; his name does not even appear in the film's credits. The film significantly alters several aspects of the character of John Constantine (played by Keanu Reeves), who is depicted as being American rather than British and battles mostly against the forces of Hell instead of emissaries from both Hell and Heaven, as in the comics. Details such as the pronunciation of his name were changed: in the comics, the last syllable of Constantine's surname rhymes with "line", whereas in the film it is pronounced "teen". The film (especially its mythology) also includes a number of Roman Catholic elements (including the Catholic sacraments ) absent from the original comic. “WB” redirects here. ... Constantine is a 2005 American film loosely based on the Hellblazer comic book, with some plot elements being taken from the Dangerous Habits arc (issues #41-46). ... Keanu Charles Reeves (pronounced ; born September 2, 1964) is a Canadian actor. ... As a Christian ecclesiastical term, Catholic—from the Greek adjective , meaning general or universal[1]—is described in the Oxford English Dictionary as follows: ~Church, (originally) whole body of Christians; ~, belonging to or in accord with (a) this, (b) the church before separation into Greek or Eastern and Latin or... In Christian belief and practice, a sacrament is a rite that mediates divine grace, constituting a sacred mystery. ...


Powers and abilities

Unlike most comic book magicians, Constantine rarely uses magical spells, unless he has to, especially in combat. Constantine faces most of his challenges relying primarily on his cunning, his vast knowledge of the occult, manipulation of opponents and allies, and an extensive list of contacts.


Constantine's blood is demonically tainted, initially by a blood transfusion from the demon Nergal, and later by sex with a succubus. His blood has been shown to have healing properties. It has also acted as a defense mechanism when attacked by the King of the Vampires (Hellblazer #69). For other uses, see Succubus (disambiguation). ...


Although John has generally been shown to lose most fights against a superior combatant and generally avoids physical battles - he has been known to win fights, either by using a magical weapon (Hellblazer #217) or by fighting dirty (Hellblazer #42, #57 and the graphic novel All His Engines).


Some examples of Constantine's magic:

  • Divination - Used a pendulum and map to find the location of a magical disturbance. (Hellblazer #4 and #182)
  • Demon summoning - Summoned the demon Nergal to destroy a monster for him, which it did (although John lost control, due to his inexperience). (Hellblazer #11)
  • Black magic Cursing - Placed a curse on his father that caused him to waste away. (Hellblazer #31)
  • Spirit Ward creation - Placed a magical sigil on a succubus named Chantinelle that prevented the forces of Heaven and Hell from tracking her. (Hellblazer #60). As well as using sigils to hide himself from Satan (graphic novel collection Rake At The Gates Of Hell)
  • Golemancy - Raised a golem. (Hellblazer #167)
  • Oclumancy - Erased a man's traumatic memories. (Hellblazer #217)
  • Necromancy - Raised a group of murder victims as zombies to attack their murderer (Hellblazer #230)
  • Illusion - Making people think he's someone or something else. Or using Illusion to scare susceptible opponents into catatonic insanity (graphic novel collection Hard Time)
  • Synchronicity Highway or Synchronicity Wave traveling - An instinctual supernatural ability to be in the right place at exactly the right time. This has led John to uncanny luck, like winning incredible amounts of money from Arcade machines and Casinos. Avoiding harm. And more times than not - to meet the right kind of ally to help prevent or stop an apocalyptic event from happening. (Jamie Delano's Hellblazer run). It is questionable how far John's "good" luck can stretch given that his allies and any bystanders that become involved in his schemes and plans often pay a steep price for it.

Constantine has also exhibited considerable mastery in "stage magic skills" - Hypnosis, Sleight-Of-Hand and Escapology. For other uses, see Nergal (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Succubus (disambiguation). ... Chantinelle, or Ellie, is a fictional character from the comic book series Hellblazer. ... For other uses, see Golem (disambiguation). ...


Real-life appearances

Alan Moore claims to have met his creation on two occasions. In 1993, he told Wizard Magazine: For other persons named Alan Moore, see Alan Moore (disambiguation). ...

One day, I was in Westminster in London — this was after we had introduced the character — and I was sitting in a sandwich bar. All of a sudden, up the stairs came John Constantine. He was wearing the trenchcoat, a short cut — he looked — no, he didn't even look exactly like Sting. He looked exactly like John Constantine. He looked at me, stared me straight in the eyes, smiled, nodded almost conspiratorially and then just walked off around the corner to the other part of the snack bar.

I sat there and thought, should I go around that corner and see if he is really there, or should I just eat my sandwich and leave? I opted for the latter; I thought it was the safest. I'm not making any claims to anything. I'm just saying that it happened. Strange little story. Gordon Matthew Thomas Sumner, CBE (born October 2, 1951), universally known by his stage name Sting, is an Academy Award-nominated sixteen time Grammy-winning English musician from Wallsend in North Tyneside. ...

His second meeting with his creation was illustrated in 2001s Snakes and Ladders, an adaptation by Eddie Campbell of one of Moore's performance art pieces: Alec: The King Canute Crowd by Eddie Campbell Eddie Campbell (born August 10, 1955) is a Scottish-born comics artist and cartoonist who now lives in Australia. ...

Years later, in another place, he steps out of the dark and speaks to me. He whispers: 'I'll tell you the ultimate secret of magic. Any cunt could do it.'

They met a third time in fiction, when Moore was written into issue #120 of Hellblazer by then-author Paul Jenkins. Moore is seen sitting in silhouette at the back of a bar as John Constantine (who is on a pub crawl with the reader) informs us of all that they have done together ('back before I was a player') and raises a drink to him; Moore, in response raises one back in the shadows. Constantine also made light of his previous encounters in real-life with Moore, mentioning that they had 'bumped into each other a few times'. Paull Jenkins sketching at a fan convention in 2006 Paul Jenkins (born December 6, 1965) is a British comic book writer, who has primarily worked for Marvel Comics. ...


Film adaptation

Main article: Constantine (film)
Promotional poster for Constantine (2005), featuring Keanu Reeves as John Constantine.
Promotional poster for Constantine (2005), featuring Keanu Reeves as John Constantine.

John Constantine was portrayed by Keanu Reeves in the 2005 film Constantine. In this adaptation, his origin story and talents were revised somewhat; he was recast as a bitter, cynical man who had been granted the power to see the half-demons and half-angels that secretly walk the Earth. Constantine finds out that full-blooded demons- specifically Mammon, the son of the Devil- are trying to force their way onto the Earth, and he is the only one who can stop them - if his terminal lung cancer doesn't claim him first. The latter element of the film is very loosely based on the "Dangerous Habits" storyline from the Hellblazer comic. Constantine is a 2005 American film loosely based on the Hellblazer comic book, with some plot elements being taken from the Dangerous Habits arc (issues #41-46). ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (443x655, 29 KB) Promotional poster for Constantine. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (443x655, 29 KB) Promotional poster for Constantine. ... Keanu Charles Reeves (pronounced ; born September 2, 1964) is a Canadian actor. ... Keanu Charles Reeves (pronounced ; born September 2, 1964) is a Canadian actor. ... Constantine is a 2005 American film loosely based on the Hellblazer comic book, with some plot elements being taken from the Dangerous Habits arc (issues #41-46). ... “Fiend” redirects here. ... This article is about the supernatural being. ...


As well as giving him this superpower, the film completely changed his motivations. Rather than being a strident humanist with a complete disdain for both Heaven and Hell, the movie's Constantine was a Catholic whose only goal is to get into God's good graces by performing exorcisms; he successfully killed himself for two minutes when he was seventeen, and is now condemned to Hell unless he can perform a truly selfless good deed. In one scene, Constantine pleads with the angel Gabriel to be let into Heaven, but in the comic upon which this scene was based, he only wanted to cure his cancer so that he could go on living. In the comic, Constantine has met and spoken with God on a number of occasions, with John addressing God in his usual flippant and irreverent tone. For the specific belief system, see Humanism (life stance). ... For other uses, see Heaven (disambiguation). ... This article is about the theological or philosophical afterlife. ... For other uses, see Suicide (disambiguation). ... This article is about the term God in the context of monotheism and henotheism. ...


In the comics, Constantine lives in a world where all the gods and their pantheons exist simultaneously, feeding off the beliefs of mortals. In this way, he can walk through the Christian Hell one month and talk to an Aztec god of death the next. However, the movie used an exclusively Judeo-Christian design for its version of the afterlife. It also meant that Constantine changed from being a magician into being a standard exorcist. For other uses, see Christian (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Aztec (disambiguation). ... Jacob wrestling an angel, by Gustave Doré (1832-1883), a shared Judeo-Christian story. ... For other uses, see Afterlife (disambiguation). ...


The film also changed Constantine's nationality from British to American, transplanted his base of operations from London to Los Angeles, and changed the pronunciation of his surname (which rhymes with "teen" in the film, but is stated in the original comics as rhyming with "fine", pronounced the same way as "valentine".) This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ...


Successful in its release, a sequel is, as of November of 2007, being developed. Keanu Reeves has stated he is willing to reprise the character. Keanu Charles Reeves (pronounced ; born September 2, 1964) is a Canadian actor. ...


Homages and analogues

  • The character of Jack Carter in Warren Ellis' graphic novel series Planetary is an analogue of John Constantine; he fakes his death and turns into an analogue of Ellis' Spider Jerusalem, stating that with the eighties over it's "time to be someone else". Ellis had previously written several issues of Hellblazer, a run which ended when DC Comics refused to publish his story "Shoot" because it dealt with the sensitive subject of high school shootings (such as the Columbine High School massacre).
  • Constance Johnansen was also created by Ellis for his Pryde and Wisdom series for Marvel Comics. She is a female parody of Constantine. Like John, she is wracked with guilt over the loss of many friends.
  • Grant Morrison originally wanted Constantine to become a supporting character in his Doom Patrol series, but DC's editorial policy at the time prevented Constantine from making extended appearances in superhero comics, for fear of spoiling the realism of Hellblazer. As a result, Morrison created the magus Willoughby Kipling.[5] Like Constantine, he was a chain-smoking, trenchcoat-wearing cynic. Unlike Constantine, however, he was a lifetime alcoholic and looked rather like Richard E. Grant's character in Withnail & I. It was revealed in Hellblazer #51 that he and Constantine have met, and he had a brief voice-over cameo in Warren Ellis' JLA: Classified story "New Maps of Hell".
  • Ambrose Bierce was used by Phil Foglio for Stanley and His Monster, after being refused permission to use Constantine. He looks exactly like John. As the character described it "You learn the basics, have a hideous experience in a graveyard, they give you a trenchcoat and steal your razor. Like an assembly line, really." (The character is named after the author and journalist)
  • Rasputin is a magician who has helped Firestorm come to terms with his position as a fire elemental, in much the same way that Constantine helped Swamp Thing. His role was originally going to be taken by Constantine himself, but like Morrison and Foglio, author John Ostrander was refused permission. Rasputin also turned up in Captain Atom.
  • Neil Gaiman, a long-time admirer of Alan Moore, created John Constantine's ancestor for his award winning series, The Sandman. Johanna Constantine, despite being more polite than her descendant, showed the same daring attitude. The crowning achievement of her career was transporting the severed Head of Orpheus from France to Greece. After a deal with the Witch / Tramp Mad Hetty, who John himself had made contact with several times, she died at the age of 99, despising her immediate family and was buried somewhere near the temple where she had left Orpheus. The Two Constantines have met on at least one occasion.
  • In the Doctor Who Virgin Missing Adventures novel Millennial Rites, a wave of psychic energy engulfs the world. Amongst those affected is "a blond-haired man in a dirty beige trenchcoat" in a Dublin pub.
  • While it is never stated explicitly, the narrative character in Ookla the Mok's song "Stranger in The Mirror" mentions several things which make it clear that he is supposed to be Constantine, including a reference to 'the Newcastle incident'.
There's many another world. I don't know how well they briefed you on the other side, but alternate universes ain't a myth. There's a kaleidoscope variation on this full-tilt mess always goin' on. Blue Sheikh told me there's another John Constantine in an alternate universe, has black hair and lives most of his life in Los Angeles. Gets the bloody lung cancer and gets out of it, too, just like me. Black coat instead of a trench coat: he's me but not me. I sure as bleedin' hell don't want to be him — point is, with lots of everyone around in some universe somewhere, who needs this world?

This article is about the comic book author. ... Planetary is an American comic book series created by Warren Ellis (writer) and John Cassaday (artist), published by the Wildstorm imprint of DC Comics. ... Spider Jerusalem is a fictional character and the protagonist of the comic book Transmetropolitan, created by writer Warren Ellis and artist Darick Robertson, published by the Vertigo imprint of DC Comics. ... Hellblazer is a contemporary horror comic book series published by the Vertigo imprint of DC Comics. ... The Columbine High School massacre occurred on Tuesday, April 20, 1999, at Columbine High School in unincorporated Jefferson County, Colorado (the CDP of Columbine) near Denver and Littleton. ... This article is about the comic book company. ... Grant Morrison (born January 31, 1960) is a Scottish comic book writer and artist. ... The Doom Patrol is a fictional superhero team appearing in publications from DC Comics. ... For other uses, see Superhero (disambiguation). ... Willoughby Kipling is a fictional character in the DC Comics and Vertigo Comics universe, created by Grant Morrison and appearing mostly in Doom Patrol. ... Richard E. Grant depicted as the unofficial Ninth Doctor. ... Withnail and I is a cult British film made in 1987 by Handmade Films. ... This article is about the comic book author. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Phil Foglio (born May 1, 1956)[1] is a cartoonist and comic book artist best known for his humorous science fiction and fantasy work. ... Stanley and His Monster was a comic about a boy, who instead of having a dog as his companion, had a monster. ... Ambrose Gwinnett Bierce (June 24, 1842 – 1914?) was an American editorialist, journalist, short-story writer and satirist, today best known for his Devils Dictionary. ... This article is about the Ronnie Raymond/Martin Stein version of Firestorm. ... For other uses, see Swamp Thing (disambiguation). ... John Ostrander is an American writer of comics. ... Captain Atom is a fictional comic book superhero. ... The Sandman is a comic book series written by Neil Gaiman and published in the United States by DC Comics for 75 issues from 1988 until 1996. ... For other uses, see Orpheus (disambiguation). ... This article is about the television series. ... The Virgin Missing Adventures (often referred to simply as MAs in fandom) were a series of novels from Virgin Publishing based on the British science-fiction television series Doctor Who, which had been cancelled in 1989, continuing the story of the series from where the television programme had left off. ... Millennial Rites is an original novel written by Craig Hinton and based on the long-running British science fiction television series Doctor Who. ... Ookla the Mok is the name of a filk band fronted by Rand Bellavia and Adam English. ... John Patrick Shirley (born February 10, 1953) is an American science fiction and horror writer of novels, short stories, and television & film scripts. ... Parallel universe or alternate reality in science fiction and fantasy is a self-contained separate reality coexisting with our own. ... A novelization (or novelisation in British English) is a fictional book that is written based on some other media story form rather than as an original work. ...

Real time aging

Constantine is unusual among comic book characters in that he has aged in real time since his creation. During the first year of his solo series, Constantine celebrated his 35th birthday. Five years later in 1993, he turned 40.


There have been no mentioned birthday celebrations since then, but nothing in the comics has stated a retcon of Constantine's age or the real time development of his comic. In fact, DC Vertigo published a timeline in their Rare Cuts TPB, which establishes birthdates of many characters. This is further supported by the use of dating in the comics themselves. For instance, "All His Engines" takes place at a specific date in 2004, and shows both Geraldine and Tricia Chandler as having aged roughly ten years since their first appearances in issue #84. It has since been calculated that John turned 55 on May 10th 2008.
This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


References

  1. ^ Markstein, Don. Don Markstein's Toonopedia: John Constantine. Retrieved on 2007-05-31.
  2. ^ a b Christensen, William A.. The Unexplored Medium (Wizard Magazine November 1993). Retrieved on 2007-05-30.
  3. ^ Jenkins, Paul (December 1997), Hellblazer/The Books of Magic Book One: Ascent, Vertigo 
  4. ^ Carey, Mike. Gross, Peter. Lucifer Vol.1 #5, 2000, DC Publishing
  5. ^ Innovating Superheroes, note 17

Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 151st day of the year (152nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 150th day of the year (151st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Books of Magic is the title of a four-issue English-language comic book limited series written by Neil Gaiman, and later an ongoing series, published by the DC Comics imprint Vertigo. ...

External links

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
  • The Ultimate Hellblazer Index - An obsessive listing of John Constantine's appearances in Hellblazer and other comics.
  • Roots of the Swamp Thing - a complete and detailed timeline chronicling all the events of Swamp Thing, Hellblazer and related titles in chronological order, spanning millions of years of DC/Vertigo history
  • Hellblazer Trades - chronological list of all trade paperback collections in which John Constantine has appeared
  • The Sting connection - Interview with Alan Moore about the creation of John Constantine
  • CHUD interview - Lorenzo DiBonaventura admits that there will be no Constantine sequel
  • Box Office Mojo - Constantine comes in at #272 in the all time worldwide box-office grosses

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiquote is one of a family of wiki-based projects run by the Wikimedia Foundation, running on MediaWiki software. ... Hellblazer is a contemporary horror comic book series published by the Vertigo imprint of DC Comics. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Straight To Hell : A Hellblazer Site (1095 words)
John, and his older sister Cheryl, were sent to Northampton to live with their Aunt Dolly and Uncle Harry.
Constantine, driven near insane by the sights he witnessed at Newcastle, was incarcerated in the “Ravenscar Secure Facility For The Mentally Deranged” where he suffered terribly at the hands of the staff who all believed him to be a child murderer.
John was in and out of Ravenscar over the course of the next two years before finally being released for good – thanks mainly to the machinations of the powerful East End gangster Harry Cooper who wanted Constantine to bring his dead son back to life.
Movie Spoiler for the film - CONSTANTINE (5273 words)
John thanks him, light up a cigarette with a heavily ornamented gold lighter (he does it a lot in the movie) and walks up to the girl’s room, where the girl was tied to her bed.
John picks out the one that got the worst reaction from the girl and he presses it to her forehead, praying in Latin (all of John’s prayers in the movie are in Latin).
John takes out something in his pocket and does the familiar shake the cigarette out of the case, only it was a gum that he pops in his mouth.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m