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Encyclopedia > John Coltrane
John Coltrane

Background information
Birth name John William Coltrane
Also known as "Trane"
Born September 23, 1926(1926-09-23)
Origin Hamlet, North Carolina,
United States
Died July 17, 1967 (aged 40)
Genre(s) Avant-garde jazz, bebop, post-bop, hard bop, free jazz, modal jazz
Occupation(s) Saxophonist, composer, bandleader
Instrument(s) Tenor saxophone, soprano saxophone, alto saxophone, flute, bass clarinet
Years active 1946–1967
Label(s) Prestige, Blue Note, Atlantic, Impulse!
Associated acts Miles Davis Quintet, John Coltrane Quartet, John Coltrane Quintet
Website www.johncoltrane.com

John William Coltrane (September 23, 1926 in Hamlet, North CarolinaJuly 17, 1967 at Huntington Hospital in Long Island, NY) was an American jazz saxophonist and composer. Coltrane is a surname, and may refer to: John Coltrane, jazz saxophonist Coltrane, a 1957 album by John Coltrane Alice Coltrane, jazz pianist, wife of John Coltrane Chi Coltrane, rock musician Ravi Coltrane, son of John Coltrane Robbie Coltrane, Scottish actor Sheriff Rosco P. Coltrane, fictional sheriff in the TV... is the 266th day of the year (267th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Hamlet is a city located in Richmond County, North Carolina. ... is the 198th day of the year (199th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Avant-jazz (also known as avant-garde jazz) is a style of music and improvisation that combines elements of avant-garde art music composition with elements of traditional jazz. ... This article is about the genre of music, for the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles character see Bebop and Rocksteady. ... Post-bop is a term for a form of small-combo jazz music that evolved in the early-to-mid sixties. ... Hard bop is an extension of bebop (bop) music which incorporates influences from rhythm and blues, gospel music, and blues, especially in the saxophone and piano playing. ... This article or section cites very few or no references or sources. ... Modal jazz is jazz played using musical modes rather than chord progressions. ... A saxophonist is a musician who plays the saxophone. ... A composer is a person who writes music. ... A bandleader is the director of a band of musicians. ... A musical instrument is a device constructed or modified for the purpose of making music. ... The tenor saxophone is a medium-sized member of the saxophone family, a group of instruments invented by Adolphe Sax. ... The soprano saxophone is a variety of the saxophone, a woodwind instrument. ... The alto saxophone is a variety of the saxophone, a family of woodwind instruments invented by Adolphe Sax. ... For other uses, see Flute (disambiguation). ... The bass clarinet is a musical instrument of the clarinet family. ... In the music industry, a record label can be a brand and a trademark associated with the marketing of music recordings and music videos. ... Prestige Records was a record label founded in 1949 by Bob Weinstock (October 2, 1928–January 14, 2006). ... Blue Note Records is a jazz record label, established in 1939 by Alfred Lion and Francis Wolff. ... Atlantic Records (Atlantic Recording Corporation) is an American record label, and operates as a wholly owned subsidiary of Warner Music Group. ... Impulse! Records is an American based jazz record label, originally launched in 1960 by Creed Taylor as a subsidiary of ABC-Paramount Records in New York City. ... The Miles Davis Quintet was a bebop-oriented jazz quintet formed in 1955 by bandleader and trumpet player Miles Davis. ... is the 266th day of the year (267th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Hamlet is a city located in Richmond County, North Carolina. ... is the 198th day of the year (199th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ... A saxophonist is a musician who plays the saxophone. ... A composer is a person who writes music. ...


Though he was active before 1955, his prime years were between 1955 and 1967, during which time he reshaped modern jazz and influenced generations of other musicians. Coltrane's recording rate was astonishingly prolific: he released about fifty recordings as a leader in these twelve years, and appeared on dozens more led by other musicians. Throughout his career Coltrane's music took on an increasingly spiritual dimension that would color his legacy. He passed away from liver disease in his home in Dix Hills, New York. Year 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ... Located in western Suffolk County, New York, on Long Island, Dix Hills is a hamlet (and census-designated place). ...


Along with tenor saxophonists Coleman Hawkins, Lester Young and Sonny Rollins, Coltrane fundamentally altered expectations for the instrument. Coltrane received a posthumous Special Citation from the Pulitzer Prize Board in 2007 for his "masterful improvisation, supreme musicianship and iconic centrality to the history of jazz." The tenor saxophone is a medium-sized member of the saxophone family, a group of instruments invented by Adolphe Sax. ... Coleman Hawkins Coleman Randolph Hawkins, nicknamed Hawk and sometimes Bean, (November 21, 1901 or 1904 - May 19, 1969) was a prominent jazz tenor saxophone musician. ... Lester Young Lester Willis Young (August 27, 1909 – March 15, 1959), nicknamed Prez, was an American jazz tenor saxophonist and clarinetist. ... Theodore Walter Sonny Rollins (born September 7, 1930 in New York City) is an American jazz tenor saxophonist. ... The Pulitzer Prizes for 2007 were announced on April 16, 2007. ...

Contents

Biography

Early life and career (1926–1954)

Statue of Coltrane in High Point, North Carolina - his birthplace.

John Coltrane was born on September 23, 1926. Coltrane grew up in High Point NC, moving to Philadelphia PA in June 1943. He was inducted into the Navy in 1945, returning to civilian life in 1946. Contemporary correspondence shows that Coltrane was already known as "Trane" by this point, and that the music from the 1946 sessions had been played for Miles Davis — possibly impressing him. Nickname: Location in Guilford County and the state of North Carolina Coordinates: , Country State Counties Guilford, Davidson, Randolph, Forsyth Government  - Mayor Rebecca Smothers (D) Area  - City 95. ... Miles Dewey Davis III (May 26, 1926 – September 28, 1991) was an American jazz musician, widely considered to be one of the most influential of the 20th century. ...


Although there are recordings of Coltrane from as early as 1946, his peers at the time didn't recognize 'genius' in the young musician. His real career spans the twelve years between 1955 and 1967, during which time he reshaped modern jazz and influenced generations of other musicians. Coltrane was freelancing in Philadelphia in the summer of 1955 when he received a call from trumpeter Miles Davis. Davis, whose success during the late forties had been followed by several years of decline, was again active, and was about to form a quintet. Coltrane was with this first edition of the Davis group from October 1955 through April 1957 (with a few absences), a period which saw influential recordings from Davis and the first signs of Coltrane's growing ability.


This classic First Quintet, best represented by two marathon recording sessions for Prestige in 1956, disbanded in mid-April due partially to Coltrane's problematic heroin addiction. Coltrane would use much of what he learned with Davis to run his own groups, namely allowing musicians to solo and improvise with their own sensibilities as well as eschewing involvement with his audience and remaining aloof to press.



During the latter part of 1957 Coltrane worked with Thelonious Monk at New York’s Five Spot, a legendary gig. He rejoined Miles in January 1958, staying until April 1960, during which time he participated in such seminal Davis sessions as Milestones and Kind of Blue, and recorded his own influential sessions (notably Giant Steps). Thelonious Sphere Monk (October 10, 1917 – February 17, 1982) was a jazz pianist and composer. ... The Five Spot Cafe was located in New York City at the corner of Cooper Square and St. ... A milestone A milestone is one of a series of numbered markers placed along a road at regular intervals, typically at the side of the road or in a median. ... Kind of Blue is a jazz album by musician Miles Davis, released on August 17, 1959. ... Giant Steps is a 1960 album by jazz musician John Coltrane. ...


Throughout the 1950s addiction to drugs and then alcoholism disrupted his career. Shortly after leaving Davis, however, he overcame these problems; his album A Love Supreme celebrated this victory and the profound religious experience associated with it. Coltrane next played in Thelonious Monk's quartet (July-December 1957), but owing to contractual conflicts took part in only one early recording session of this legendary group. He rejoined Davis and worked in various quintets and sextets with Cannonball Adderley, Bill Evans, Chambers, Jones, and others (1958-60). While with Davis he discovered the soprano saxophone, purchasing his own instrument in February 1960. A Love Supreme is a jazz album recorded by John Coltranes quartet on December 9, 1964 at the Van Gelder studio in Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey. ... Julian Edwin Cannonball Adderley (September 15, 1928 – August 8, 1975), originally from Tampa, Florida, was a jazz alto saxophonist of the small combo era of the 1950s and 1960s. ... William John Evans (better known as Bill Evans) (August 16, 1929 – September 15, 1980) was an American jazz pianist and one of the most famous of the 20th century; he remains one of the major influences on post-1950s jazz piano. ...


Miles and Monk period (1955–1959)

Coltrane was freelancing in Philadelphia in the summer of 1955 while studying with guitarist Dennis Sandole when he received a call from trumpeter Miles Davis. With a few absences, Coltrane was with this edition of the Davis band (known as the "First Great Quintet" to distinguish it from Miles's later group with Wayne Shorter) from October 1955 through April 1957, a period which saw influential recordings from Davis and the first signs of Coltrane's growing ability. Dennis Sandole, 1913-2000, was a jazz guitarist, composer and music educator. ... A trumpeter may be one of several things: A trumpeter is a musician who plays the trumpet. ... Miles Dewey Davis III (May 26, 1926 – September 28, 1991) was an American jazz musician, widely considered to be one of the most influential of the 20th century. ... Wayne Shorter (born August 25, 1933) is an American jazz composer and saxophonist. ...


Blue Train

Blue Train, his sole date as leader for Blue Note, featuring trumpeter Lee Morgan, bassist Paul Chambers, and trombonist Curtis Fuller, is widely considered his best album from this period. Four of its five tracks are original Coltrane compositions, and several of them, notably the title track, "Moment's Notice" and "Lazy Bird", have gone on to become standards. Blue Train is a jazz album by John Coltrane, released in 1957 (see 1957 in music. ... Lee Morgan Lee Morgan (born July 10, 1938 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania-died February 19, 1972 in New York City) was a hard bop trumpeter. ... Paul Laurence Dunbar Chambers, Jr. ... Curtis DuBois Fuller (born in Detroit, December 15, 1934) is a United States jazz trombonist. ... Lazy Bird is a composition by John Coltrane, first appearing on his 1957 album Blue Train. ...


Davis and Coltrane again

Coltrane rejoined Davis in January 1958. In October 1958, jazz critic Ira Gitler coined the term "sheets of sound" to describe the unique style Coltrane developed during his stint with Monk and was perfecting in Miles' group, now a sextet. His playing was compressed, as if whole solos passed in a few seconds, with rapid runs cascading in hundreds of notes per minute. He stayed with Davis until April 1960, working with, in due course, alto saxophonist Cannonball Adderley; pianists Red Garland, Bill Evans, and Wynton Kelly; bassist Paul Chambers; and drummers Philly Joe Jones and Jimmy Cobb. During this time he participated in such seminal Davis sessions as Milestones and Kind Of Blue, and the live recordings, Miles & Monk at Newport and Jazz at the Plaza. Jazz historian [1] Ira Gitler was born in Brooklyn, New York on December 18, 1928. ... Sheets of sound was a term coined in 1958 by Down Beat magazine jazz critic Ira Gitler to describe the new, unique style of John Coltrane. ... Julian Edwin Cannonball Adderley (September 15, 1928 – August 8, 1975), originally from Tampa, Florida, was a jazz alto saxophonist of the small combo era of the 1950s and 1960s. ... William Red Garland (1923–1984) was an American jazz pianist whose complex block-chord style influenced many forthcoming pianists in the jazz idiom. ... William John Evans (better known as Bill Evans) (August 16, 1929 – September 15, 1980) was an American jazz pianist and one of the most famous of the 20th century; he remains one of the major influences on post-1950s jazz piano. ... Wynton Kelly (1931–1971) was an American jazz pianist, born in Jamaica. ... Paul Laurence Dunbar Chambers, Jr. ... Joseph Rudolph (Philly Joe) Jones (July 15, 1923 – August 30, 1985) was an American jazz drummer. ... Jimmy Cobb (born January 20, 1929 in Washington D.C.) is an American jazz drummer. ... Milestones is an album recorded in February and March 1958 by Miles Davis. ... Kind of Blue is a jazz album by musician Miles Davis, released on August 17, 1959. ... Miles & Monk at Newport was a combined album of a Miles Davis appearance at Newport with an appearance of Thelonious Monk, from the LP era. ...


Giant Steps

Toward the end of this period he recorded his first album exclusively of his own compositions, Giant Steps (for Atlantic Records) whose title track is generally considered to have the most complex and difficult chord progression of any widely-played jazz composition. Coltrane had already begun to experiment with harmony and to solo extensively. Giant Steps is a 1960 album by jazz musician John Coltrane. ... Atlantic Records (Atlantic Recording Corporation) is an American record label, and operates as a wholly owned subsidiary of Warner Music Group. ...


My Favorite Things

Coltrane formed his first group, a quartet, in 1960. After moving through different personnel including Steve Kuhn, Pete LaRoca, and Billy Higgins, the lineup stabilized in the fall with pianist McCoy Tyner, bassist Steve Davis, and drummer Elvin Jones. Tyner, from Philadelphia, had been a friend of Coltrane's for some years and the two men long had an understanding that the pianist would join Coltrane when Tyner felt ready for the exposure of regularly working with him. Also recorded in the same sessions were the later released albums Coltrane's Sound and Coltrane Plays the Blues. Steve Kuhn is a noted jazz pianist. ... Peter Sims (born in 1938) is an American jazz drummer who performed for much of his career under the name Pete La Roca. ... Billy Higgins (October 11, 1936–May 3, 2001) was an American jazz drummer. ... Alfred McCoy Tyner (born December 11, 1938) is a jazz pianist from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, best known for his work with the John Coltrane Quartet. ... For other people with this name, see Steve Davis (disambiguation). ... Elvin Ray Jones (September 9, 1927 – May 18, 2004) was a jazz drummer. ... Coltranes Sound is a jazz album by John Coltrane originally recorded in 1960, but released in 1966. ... Coltrane Plays the Blues is an album by jazz musician John Coltrane. ...


Still with Atlantic Records, for whom he had recorded Giant Steps, his first record with his new group was also his debut playing the soprano saxophone, the hugely successful My Favorite Things. Around the end of his tenure with Davis, Coltrane had begun playing soprano saxophone, an unconventional move considering the instrument's near obsolescence in jazz at the time. His interest in the straight saxophone most likely arose from his admiration for Sidney Bechet and the work of his contemporary, Steve Lacy, even though Miles Davis claimed to have given Coltrane his first soprano saxophone. The soprano saxophone is a variety of the saxophone, a woodwind instrument. ... My Favorite Things is a 1960 jazz album by John Coltrane. ... The soprano saxophone is a variety of the saxophone, a woodwind instrument. ... Sidney Bechet Sidney Bechet (May 14, 1897 – May 14, 1959) was a jazz saxophonist, clarinetist, and composer. ... Allen|Henry Red Allen]], George Pops Foster and Zutty Singleton and then with Kansas City jazz players like Buck Clayton, Dicky Wells, and Jimmy Rushing before jumping into the heart of the avant-garde by performing on the debut album of Cecil Taylor, appearing with Taylors groundbreaking quartet at...


The new soprano sound was coupled with further exploration. For example, on the Gershwin tune "But Not for Me", Coltrane employs the kinds of restless harmonic movement (Coltrane changes) used on Giant Steps (movement in major thirds rather than conventional perfect fourths) over the A sections instead of a conventional turnaround progression. Several other tracks recorded in the session utilized this harmonic device, including "26-2," "Satellite," "Body and Soul," and "The Night Has a Thousand Eyes." The Coltrane changes (or Coltrane Matrix) are a substitute harmonic progression popularized by jazz musician John Coltrane on his 1960 album Giant Steps, specifically in his compositions Giant Steps and Countdown, the latter of which is a reharmonized version of Miles Daviss Tune Up. ... A major third is the larger of two commonly occuring musical intervals that span three diatonic scale degrees. ... The perfect fourth or diatessaron, abbreviated P4, is one of two musical intervals that span four diatonic scale degrees; the other being the augmented fourth, which is one semitone larger. ... In jazz, a turnaround is a passage at the end of a section which leads to the next section. ... Body and Soul is the title of a popular song written in 1930 by Edward Heyman, Robert Sour, Frank Eyton and John Green. ...


The first years with Impulse Records (1960-1962)

Shortly before completing his contract with Atlantic in May 1961 (with the album Olé Coltrane although Atlantic would continue to release recordings from their vaults for many years), Coltrane joined the newly formed Impulse! Records label, with whom the "Classic Quartet" would record. It is generally assumed that the clinching reason Coltrane signed with Impulse! was that it would enable him to work again with recording engineer Rudy Van Gelder, who had taped both his and Davis's Prestige sessions, as well as Blue Train. It was at Van Gelder's new studio in Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey that Coltrane would record most of his records for the label. Olé Coltrane is an album by jazz musician John Coltrane, in the modal jazz genre. ... Impulse! Records is an American based jazz record label, originally launched in 1960 by Creed Taylor as a subsidiary of ABC-Paramount Records in New York City. ... Rudy Van Gelder (born November 2, 1924 in Jersey City, New Jersey) is a recording engineer specialising in jazz. ... Map highlighting Englewood Cliffs location within Bergen County. ...


By early 1961, bassist Davis had been replaced by Reggie Workman while Eric Dolphy joined the group as a second horn around the same time. The quintet had a celebrated (and extensively recorded) residency in November 1961 at the Village Vanguard, which demonstrated Coltrane's new direction. It featured the most experimental music he'd played up to this point, influenced by Indian ragas, the recent developments in modal jazz, and the burgeoning free jazz movement. Longtime Sun Ra saxophonist John Gilmore was particularly influential; the most celebrated of the Vanguard tunes, the 15-minute blues, "Chasin' the 'Trane", was strongly inspired by Gilmore's music. Reggie Workman (b. ... Eric Allan Dolphy (June 20, 1928 – June 29, 1964) was a jazz musician who played alto saxophone, flute and bass clarinet. ... The Village Vanguard is a famous jazz club, located at 178 Seventh Avenue (just below W 11th St. ... Raga (राग) (rāg /राग (Hindi), raga (Anglicised from rāgaḥ/रागः (Sanskrit)) or rāgam /ராகம் (Tamil)) are the very detailed melodic modes used in Indian classical music. ... Modal jazz is jazz played using musical modes rather than chord progressions. ... This article or section cites very few or no references or sources. ... Sun Ra (Born Herman Poole Blount; legal name Le Sonyr Ra;[1] born May 22, 1914 in Birmingham, Alabama, died May 30, 1993 in Birmingham, Alabama) was an innovative jazz composer, bandleader, piano and synthesizer player, poet and philosopher known for his cosmic philosophy, musical compositions and performances. ... John Gilmore John Gilmore (October 29, 1931 - August 20, 1995) was a jazz tenor saxophone player best-known for his long tenure as a member of Sun Ras Arkestra. ...


During this period, critics were fiercely divided in their estimation of Coltrane, who had radically altered his style. Audiences, too, were perplexed; in France he was famously booed during his final tour with Davis. In 1961, Down Beat magazine indicted Coltrane, along with Eric Dolphy, as players of "Anti-Jazz" in an article that bewildered and upset the musicians. Coltrane admitted some of his early solos were based mostly on technical ideas. Furthermore, Dolphy's angular, voice-like playing earned him a reputation as a figurehead of the "New Thing" (also known as "Free Jazz" and "Avant-Garde") movement led by Ornette Coleman, which was also denigrated by some jazz musicians (including Trane's old boss, Miles Davis) and critics. But as Coltrane's style further developed, he was determined to make each performance "a whole expression of one's being", as he would call his music in a 1966 interview. Down Beat is an American magazine devoted to jazz. ... Eric Allan Dolphy (June 20, 1928 – June 29, 1964) was a jazz musician who played alto saxophone, flute and bass clarinet. ... Ornette Coleman (born March 9, 1930) is an American saxophonist, violinist, trumpeter and composer. ...


Classic Quartet period (1962–1965)

In 1962, Dolphy departed and Jimmy Garrison replaced Workman as bassist. From then on, the "Classic Quartet", as it would come to be known, with Tyner, Garrison, and Jones, produced searching, spiritually driven work. Coltrane was moving toward a more harmonically static style that allowed him to expand his improvisations rhythmically, melodically, and motivically. Harmonically complex music was still present, but on stage Coltrane heavily favored continually reworking his "standards": "Impressions", "My Favorite Things", and "I Want to Talk about You." Jimmy Garrison (March 3, 1933 – April 7, 1976) was an American jazz double bassist best known for his long association with John Coltrane from 1961 – 1967. ...


The criticism of the quintet with Dolphy may have had an impact on Coltrane. In contrast to the radicalism of Trane's 1961 recordings at the Village Vanguard, his studio albums in 1962 and 1963 (with the exception of Coltrane, which featured a blistering version of Harold Arlen's "Out of This World") were much more conservative and accessible. He recorded an album of ballads and participated in collaborations with Duke Ellington on the album Duke Ellington and John Coltrane and with deep-voiced ballad singer Johnny Hartman on the album John Coltrane and Johnny Hartman. The Impulse compilation Coltrane for Lovers is largely drawn from these three albums. The album Ballads is emblematic of Coltrane's versatility, as the quartet shed new light on old-fashioned standards such as "It's Easy to Remember." Despite a more polished approach in the studio, in concert the quartet continued to balance "standard" and its own more exploratory and challenging music, as can be seen on the Impressions album (two extended jams including the title track along with "Dear Old Stockholm", "After the Rain" and a blues), Coltrane at Newport (where he plays My Favorite Things) and Live at Birdland both from 1963. Coltrane later said he enjoyed having a "balanced catalogue." The Village Vanguard is a famous jazz club, located at 178 Seventh Avenue (just below W 11th St. ... This article is about the American Jazz composer and performer. ... Duke Ellington & John Coltrane is a 1962 album by jazz musicians Duke Ellington and John Coltrane. ... Johnny Hartman (1923-1983), a jazz singer who is remembered for his smooth performances of jazz ballads, is best known for his work with John Coltrane. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... Live at Birdland is a 1963 album by jazz musician John Coltrane. ...


A Love Supreme

The Classic Quartet produced their most famous record, A Love Supreme, in December 1964. A culmination of much of Coltrane's work up to this period, this four-part suite is an ode to his faith in and love for God (not necessarily God in the Christian sense — in the liner notes of Meditations he says "I believe in all religions"). These spiritual concerns would characterize much of Coltrane's composing and playing from this point onwards, as can be seen from album titles such as Ascension, Om and Meditations. The fourth movement of A Love Supreme, "Psalm", is, in fact, a musical setting for an original poem to God written by Coltrane, and printed in the album's liner notes. Coltrane plays almost exactly one note for each syllable of the poem, and bases his phrasing on the words. Despite its challenging musical content, the album was a commercial success by jazz standards, encapsulating both the internal and external energy of the quartet of Coltrane, Tyner, Jones and Garrison. Indeed the previous album Crescent recorded only a few months before already shows the adventurousness and rapport between these musicians. The album was composed at Coltrane's home in the Dix Hills neighborhood of Huntington, New York. A Love Supreme is a jazz album recorded by John Coltranes quartet on December 9, 1964 at the Van Gelder studio in Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey. ... Located in western Suffolk County, New York, on Long Island, Dix Hills is a hamlet (and census-designated place). ... For the hamlet within the Town of Huntington, see Huntington (CDP), New York. ...


The quartet only played A Love Supreme live once — in July 1965 at a concert in Antibes, France. By then, Coltrane's music had grown even more adventurous, and the performance provides an interesting contrast to the original. Antibes (Provençal Occitan: Antíbol in classical norm or Antibo in Mistralian norm) is a resort town of southeastern France, on the Mediterranean Sea in the Côte dAzur, located between Cannes and Nice. ...


Avant-garde jazz and the second quartet (1965–1967)

In his late period, Coltrane showed an increasing interest in avant-garde jazz, purveyed by Ornette Coleman, Albert Ayler, Sun Ra and others. In developing his late style, Coltrane was especially influenced by the dissonance of Ayler's trio with bassist Gary Peacock and drummer Sunny Murray, a rhythm section honed with Cecil Taylor as leader. Coltrane championed many younger free jazz musicians, (notably Archie Shepp), and under his influence Impulse! became a leading free jazz record label. Avant-jazz (also known as avant-garde jazz) is a style of music and improvisation that combines elements of avant-garde art music composition with elements of traditional jazz. ... Ornette Coleman (born March 9, 1930) is an American saxophonist, violinist, trumpeter and composer. ... Albert Ayler (July 13, 1936 – November 1970) was an American avant-garde jazz saxophonist, singer and composer. ... Sun Ra (Born Herman Poole Blount; legal name Le Sonyr Ra;[1] born May 22, 1914 in Birmingham, Alabama, died May 30, 1993 in Birmingham, Alabama) was an innovative jazz composer, bandleader, piano and synthesizer player, poet and philosopher known for his cosmic philosophy, musical compositions and performances. ... Gary Peacock (born 12 May 1935 in Burley, Idaho) is an American jazz double-bassist. ... Sunny Murray is one of the pioneers of the free jazz style of drumming. ... Cecil Percival Taylor (born March 15 or March 25, 1929 in New York City) is an American pianist and poet. ... Archie Shepp is an American jazz saxophonist. ...


After recording A Love Supreme, Ayler's apocalyptic style became more prominent in Coltrane's music. A series of recordings with the Classic Quartet in the first half of 1965 show Coltrane's playing becoming increasingly abstract, with greater incorporation of devices like multiphonics, utilization of overtones, and playing in the altissimo register, as well as a mutated return to Coltrane's sheets of sound. In the studio, he all but abandoned his soprano to concentrate on the tenor saxophone. In addition, the quartet responded to the leader by playing with increasing freedom. The group's evolution can be traced through the recordings The John Coltrane Quartet Plays, Living Space, Transition (both June 1965), New Thing at Newport (July 1965), Sun Ship (August 1965), and First Meditations (September 1965). Multiphonics are an extended technique in instrumental music in which a monophonic instrument (one which generally produces only one note at a time) is made to produce several notes at once. ... Altissimo is a technique utilized on woodwind instruments such as the saxophone and clarinet wherein the musician blows overtones that are generally above the normal range of the instrument. ... Sheets of sound was a term coined in 1958 by Down Beat magazine jazz critic Ira Gitler to describe the new, unique style of John Coltrane. ... The John Coltrane Quartet Plays is a 1965 album by jazz musician John Coltrane. ... Living Space is a 1965 album by jazz musician John Coltrane. ... Transition is an album of music by jazz saxophonist John Coltrane. ... New Thing at Newport is a 1965 album by jazz musicians John Coltrane and Archie Shepp. ... Sun Ship is a jazz album recorded on August 26, 1965, by tenor saxophonist John Coltrane. ... First Meditations is a 1965 album by John Coltrane. ...


In June 1965, he went into Van Gelder's studio with ten other musicians (including Shepp, Pharoah Sanders, Freddie Hubbard, Marion Brown, and John Tchicai) to record Ascension, a 40-minute long piece that included adventurous solos by the young avant-garde musicians (as well as Coltrane), and was controversial primarily for the collective improvisation sections that separated the solos. After recording with the quartet over the next few months, Coltrane invited Pharoah Sanders to join the band in September 1965. Reggie Workman, Pharoah Sanders, and Idris Muhammad, c. ... Frederick Dewayne Hubbard (born April 7, 1938 in Indianapolis, Indiana) is an American jazz trumpeter. ... Marion Brown (born 8 September 1935 in Atlanta, Georgia, USA) is a jazz alto-saxophonist and ethnomusicologist. ... John Martin Tchicai (born April 28, 1936) is a Danish jazz saxophonist. ... Ascension is a jazz album by John Coltrane. ... Reggie Workman, Pharoah Sanders, and Idris Muhammad, c. ...


By any measure, Sanders was one of the most abrasive, virtuosic saxophonists then playing. While Coltrane used over-blowing frequently as an emotional exclamation-point, Sanders would opt to overblow his entire solo, resulting in a constant screaming and screeching in the altissimo range of the instrument. The more Coltrane played with Sanders, the more he gravitated to Sanders' unique sound. John Gilmore was also a major influence on Coltrane's late-period music, as well. After hearing a Gilmore performance, Coltrane is reported to have said "He's got it! Gilmore's got the concept!"[1] He also took informal lessons from Gilmore. John Gilmore John Gilmore (October 29, 1931 - August 20, 1995) was a jazz tenor saxophone player best-known for his long tenure as a member of Sun Ras Arkestra. ...


Adding to the quartet

By late 1965, Coltrane was regularly augmenting his group with Sanders and other free jazz musicians. Rashied Ali joined the group as a second drummer. This was the end of the quartet; claiming he was unable to hear himself over the two drummers, Tyner left the band shortly after the recording of Meditations. Jones left in early 1966, dissatisfied by sharing drumming duties with Ali. Both Tyner and Jones subsequently expressed displeasure in interviews, after Coltrane's death, with the music's new direction, while incorporating some of the free-jazz form's intensity into their own solo projects. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Meditations is a 1965 album by John Coltrane. ...


In 1965 Coltrane may have begun using LSD[2] - informing the sublime, "cosmic" transcendence of his late period, and also its incomprehensibility to many listeners. After Jones and Tyner's departures, Coltrane led a quintet with Pharoah Sanders on tenor saxophone, his new wife Alice Coltrane on piano, Jimmy Garrison on bass, and Rashied Ali on drums. Coltrane and Sanders were described by Nat Hentoff as "speaking in tongues." When touring, the group was known for playing very lengthy versions of their repertoire, with many stretching beyond 30 minutes and sometimes even being an hour long. Concert solos for band-members regularly were at least fifteen-minutes or longer. Lysergic acid diethylamide, commonly called LSD, LSD-25, or acid. ... The tenor saxophone is a medium-sized member of the saxophone family, a group of instruments invented by Adolphe Sax. ... Alice Coltrane (b. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Nat Hentoff (born June 10, 1925) is an American civil libertarian, free speech absolutist, pro-life advocate, anti-death penalty advocate, jazz critic, historian, biographer and anecdotist, and columnist for the Village Voice, Legal Times, Washington Times, The Progressive, Editor & Publisher, Free Inquiry and Jewish World Review. ... Tongues redirects here. ...


Despite the radicalism of the horns, the rhythm section with Ali and Alice Coltrane had a more relaxed, random but meditative feel than with Jones and Tyner. The group can be heard on several live recordings from 1966, including Live at the Village Vanguard Again! and Live in Japan. In 1967, Coltrane entered the studio several times; though pieces with Sanders have surfaced (the unusual "To Be", which features both men on flutes), most of the recordings were either with the quartet minus Sanders (Expression and Stellar Regions) or as a duo with Ali. The latter duo produced six performances which appear on the album Interstellar Space. Live At The Village Vanguard Again! is a jazz album by saxophonist John Coltrane. ... Stellar Regions is a posthumous release by John Coltrane, discovered in 1994 by the artists wife, Alice Coltrane, who plays piano on the session. ... Interstellar Space was one of the last albums recorded before the death of John Coltrane in 1967. ...


Death (1967)

Coltrane died from liver cancer at Huntington Hospital in Long Island, NY on July 17, 1967, at the age of 40. In a 1968 interview Albert Ayler revealed that Coltrane was consulting a Hindu meditative healer for his illness instead of Western medicine, though Alice Coltrane later denied this. In any event, conventional treatment may have been ineffective. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC, also called hepatoma or hepatocarcinogenesis) is a primary malignancy (cancer) of the liver. ... This article is about the island in New York State. ... is the 198th day of the year (199th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ... Albert Ayler (July 13, 1936 – November 1970) was an American avant-garde jazz saxophonist, singer and composer. ... This article discusses the adherents of Hinduism. ... Alice Coltrane (b. ...


The Coltrane family reportedly remains in possession of much more as-yet-unreleased music, mostly mono reference tapes made for the saxophonist and, as with the 1995 release Stellar Regions, master tapes that were checked out of the studio and never returned. The parent company of Impulse!, from 1965 to 1979 known as ABC Records, purged much of its unreleased material in the 1970s.[3] Biographer Lewis Porter has stated that Alice Coltrane intended to release this music, but over a long period of time, as her son Ravi Coltrane, responsible for reviewing the material, is also pursuing his own career. ABC Records started in 1955 as ABC-Paramount Records, the recording arm of American Broadcasting-Paramount Theatres. ... Lewis Porter Jazz pianist, and Director, Masters Program in Jazz History and Research, Rutgers University, Newark, NJ author of books and articles, and best known for his biography of saxophonist John Coltrane published in 1998. ... Alice Coltrane (b. ... Ravi Coltrane (born 6 August 1965) is an American Jazz saxophonist. ...


Religious beliefs

Coltrane was born and raised a Christian, and was in touch with religion and spirituality from childhood. As a youth, he practiced music in a southern African-American church. In A Night in Tunisia: Imaginings of Africa in Jazz, Norman Weinstein notes the parallel between Coltrane's music and his experience in the southern church. For other uses, see Christian (disambiguation). ... Spirituality, in a narrow sense, concerns itself with matters of the spirit. ...


In 1957 Coltrane began to shift spiritual directions. Two years earlier, he had married Juanita Naima Grubb, a Muslim convert, (for whom he later wrote the piece "Naima"), and came into contact with Islam, an experience that may have led him to overcome his addictions to alcohol and heroin; it was a period of "spiritual awakening" that helped him return to the jazz scene and eventually produce his greatest work. The journey took him through Islam. Bassist Donald Garrett told Coltrane, "You've got to go to the source to learn anything, and Sufism is one of the best sources there is."[4] There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ... Naima is a ballad composed by John Coltrane in 1959, and named after his then wife, Juanita Naima Grubb. ... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Heroin (disambiguation). ... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... Sufism (Arabic: ‎ - taṣawwuf, Kurdish Sufayeti, Persian: صوفی‌گری, sufigari, Turkish: tasavvuf), is generally understood by scholars to be the inner or mystical dimension of Islam. ...


Coltrane also explored Hinduism, the Kabbala, Jiddu Krishnamurti, yoga, math, science, astrology, African history, and even Plato and Aristotle [2]. He notes..."During the year 1957, I experienced, by the grace of God, a spiritual awakening which was to lead me to a richer, fuller, more productive life. At that time, in gratitude, I humbly asked to be given the means and privilege to make others happy through music."[5] In his 1965 album Meditations, Coltrane wrote about uplifting people, "...To inspire them to realize more and more of their capacities for living meaningful lives. Because there certainly is meaning to life."[6] Hinduism is a religious tradition[1] that originated in the Indian subcontinent. ... Kabbala may refer to; Kabbala Village, in the Karnataka State of India Kabbalah, is a religious philosophical system claiming an insight into divine nature. ... Jiddu Krishnamurti or J. Krishnamurti, (May 12, 1895–February 17, 1986) was a popular writer and speaker on philosophical and spiritual subjects. ... For other uses such as Yoga postures, see Yoga (disambiguation) Statue of Shiva performing Yogic meditation Yoga (Sanskrit: योग Yog, IPA: ) is a group of ancient spiritual practices designed for the purpose of cultivating a steady mind. ... For other meanings of mathematics or uses of math and maths, see Mathematics (disambiguation) and Math (disambiguation). ... A magnet levitating above a high-temperature superconductor demonstrates the Meissner effect. ... Hand-coloured version of the anonymous Flammarion woodcut (1888). ... The following is an outline of African history, followed by a list of articles about the history of particular places in Africa. ... For other uses, see Plato (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Aristotle (disambiguation). ... Year 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. ...


In October 1965, Coltrane recorded Om, referring to the sacred syllable in Hindu religion, which symbolizes the infinite or the entire Universe. Coltrane described Om as the "first syllable, the primal word, the word of power". The 29-minute recording contains chants from the Bhagavad-Gita, a Hindu epic. A 1966 recording, issued posthumously, has Coltrane and Pharoah Sanders chanting from a Buddhist text, The Tibetan Book of the Dead, and reciting a passage describing the primal verbalization "om" as a cosmic/spiritual common denominator in all things. Om is a 1965 album by John Coltrane. ... “Om” redirects here. ... Krishna reveals his Vishvarupa form to Arjuna during their discourse of the Bhagavad Gita. ... Reggie Workman, Pharoah Sanders, and Idris Muhammad, c. ... A replica of an ancient statue found among the ruins of a temple at Sarnath Buddhism is a philosophy based on the teachings of the Buddha, Siddhārtha Gautama, a prince of the Shakyas, whose lifetime is traditionally given as 566 to 486 BCE. It had subsequently been accepted by... Cover of Bardo Thodol The Bardo Thodol (in tibetan བར་དོ་ཐོས་གྲོལ), Liberation through Hearing in the Intermediate State, traditionally but inaccurately called the Tibetan Book of the Dead, is a funerary text that describes the experiences of the consciousness after death during the interval known as bardo between death and rebirth. ...


Coltrane's spiritual journey was interwoven with his investigation into world music. He believed not only in a universal musical structure which transcended ethnic distinctions, but in being able to harness the mystical language of music itself. Coltrane's study of Indian music led him to believe that certain sounds and scales could "produce specific emotional meanings" (impressions). According to Coltrane, the goal of a musician was to understand these forces, control them, and elicit a response from the audience. Coltrane said: "I would like to bring to people something like happiness. I would like to discover a method so that if I want it to rain, it will start right away to rain. If one of my friends is ill, I'd like to play a certain song and he will be cured; when he'd be broke, I'd bring out a different song and immediately he'd receive all the money he needed."[7] World music is, most generally, all the music in the world. ... Musica universalis or music of the spheres is a medieval philosophical concept that regards the proportions in the movements of the celestial bodies - the Sun, Moon and planets - as a form of musica (the medieval Latin name for music). ... Timeline and Samples Genres Classical (Carnatic and Hindustani) - Folk - Rock - Pop - Hip hop Awards Bollywood Music Awards - Punjabi Music Awards Charts Festivals Sangeet Natak Akademi – Thyagaraja Aradhana – Cleveland Thyagaraja Aradhana Media Sruti, The Music Magazine National anthem Jana Gana Mana, also national song Vande Mataram Music of the states Andaman... For other uses, see Mantra (disambiguation). ... In Hinduism and Buddhism, the Sanskrit term bīja (Jp. ...


Legacy

John Coltrane House
(U.S. National Historic Landmark)
Location: 1511 North 33rd Street
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Coordinates: 39°58′49.15″N 75°11′20.9″W / 39.9803194, -75.189139Coordinates: 39°58′49.15″N 75°11′20.9″W / 39.9803194, -75.189139
Architect: Wilson, E.A.
Architectural style(s): Colonial Revival
Added to NRHP: January 20, 1999[8]
NRHP Reference#: 99000628[9]
Governing body: Private

Although some jazz listeners still consider the late Coltrane albums to contain little more than cacophony, many of these late recordings — among them Ascension, Meditations and the posthumous Interstellar Space are widely considered masterpieces. For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... This article or section needs additional references or sources to improve its verifiability. ... For other uses, see Philadelphia (disambiguation) and Philly. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... A typical plaque showing entry on the National Register of Historic Places. ... is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events of 2008: (EMILY) Me Lesley and MIley are going to China! This article is about the year. ... The band Cacophony Cacophony - Sounding badly, antonym to harmony. ...


The music of Coltrane's modal and Village Vanguard period was the admitted principal influence on what was arguably the first jazz-rock fusion recording, the Byrds' "Eight Miles High" (December 1965). Some of Coltrane's other innovations would be incorporated into the fusion movement, but with diminishing returns of spiritual fervency and earnestness. Jazz fusion (or jazz-rock fusion or fusion) is a musical genre that merges elements of jazz with other styles of music, particularly pop, rock, folk, reggae, funk, metal, country, R&B, hip hop, electronic music and world music. ... Not to be confused with The Birds (band). ...


The influence Coltrane has had on music spans many different genres and musicians. For example, Jimi Hendrix, John McLaughlin, Carlos Santana, Primal Scream, Jah Wobble, Tom Verlaine, Allan Holdsworth, Jerry Garcia, the Stooges, The Doors, Erykah Badu, Mike Watt, Phil Lesh, OutKast, Christian Vander, and Duane Allman have cited Coltrane's work as inspiration. Jimi Hendrix (November 27, 1942 – September 18, 1970) was an American guitar virtuoso, singer and songwriter. ... Several people are named John McLaughlin: John McLaughlin (musician), an English jazz fusion guitar player. ... For the Costa Rican soccer player, see Carlos Santana (footballer); for the Mexican academic, see Carlos Santana Morales. ... For other uses, see Primal Scream (disambiguation). ... Jah Wobble (born John Wardle, Stepney 1958) is an English bass guitarist, singer, poet and composer. ... Tom Verlaine (born Thomas Miller, December 13, 1949, in Morristown, New Jersey)[1] is a singer, songwriter and guitarist, best-known as the frontman for the New York rock band, Television. ... Allan Holdsworth (born August 6, 1946 in Bradford, West Yorkshire) is a British jazz guitarist and composer. ... Jerome John Jerry Garcia (August 1, 1942 – August 9, 1995) was an American musician, songwriter, and artist best known for being the lead guitarist and vocalist of the psychedelic rock band the Grateful Dead. ... This article is about the rock band. ... The Doors were an influential American rock band formed in 1965 in Los Angeles by vocalist Jim Morrison, keyboardist Ray Manzarek, drummer John Densmore, and guitarist Robby Krieger. ... Erykah Badu (born Erica Abi Wright, February 26, 1971, in Dallas, Texas) is an American neo-soul, R&B/hip hop artist whose work crosses over into jazz. ... Michael David Watt (born December 20, 1957 in Portsmouth, Virginia) is a bass guitarist, singer and songwriter, best-known for co-founding the punk rock bands The Minutemen and fIREHOSE; as of 2003, he is also the bassist for the reunited Iggy Pop & The Stooges. ... Phillip Chapman Lesh (born March 15, 1940 in Berkeley, California) is a musician and founding member of the rock band, Grateful Dead; he played bass guitar in that group throughout their entire 30-year career. ... This article is about the hip hop group. ... Christian Vander (1948-) is a drummer and musician and founder of the band Magma, which sings songs in Kobaian, a constructed language. ... Howard Duane Allman (November 20, 1946 – October 29, 1971) was an American lead guitarist and noted session musician. ...


Coltrane's massive influence on jazz, both mainstream and avant-garde, began during his lifetime and continued to grow after his death. He is one of the most dominant influences on post-1960 jazz saxophonists and has inspired an entire generation of jazz musicians. In 1965, he was inducted into the Down Beat Jazz Hall of Fame, and was posthumously awarded the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award in 1992. Down Beat is an American magazine devoted to jazz. ... The Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award is awarded by the Recording Academy to performers who, during their lifetimes, have made creative contributions of outstanding artistic significance to the field of recording [1]. This award is distinct from the Grammy Hall of Fame Award, which honors specific recordings rather than individuals, and...


His widow, Alice Coltrane, after several decades of seclusion, briefly regained a public profile before her death in 2007. Coltrane's son, Ravi Coltrane, named after the great Indian sitarist Ravi Shankar, whom Coltrane greatly admired, has followed in his father's footsteps and is a prominent contemporary saxophonist. Alice Coltrane (b. ... Ravi Coltrane (born 6 August 1965) is an American Jazz saxophonist. ... For other persons named Ravi Shankar, see Ravi Shankar (disambiguation). ...


The Saint John Coltrane African Orthodox Church, an African Orthodox Church in San Francisco, has recognized Coltrane as a saint since 1971.[10] Their services incorporate Coltrane's music, using his lyrics as prayers.[11] A documentary on Coltrane, featuring the church, was produced for the BBC in 2004 and is presented by Alan Yentob.[12] The African Orthodox Church owes its Episcopate and Apostolic Authority to the Syrian Church of Antioch where there disciples were first called Christians, and of which the Chair (See) of St. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... Saints redirects here. ... For other uses, see BBC (disambiguation). ... Alan Yentob (born March 11, 1947) is a British television executive. ...


His former home in Philadelphia was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1999. This article or section needs additional references or sources to improve its verifiability. ...

See also: John Coltrane House

Selected discography

Early Career As sideman John Coltrane discography: See the main article about John Coltrane, an American jazz saxophonist and composer. ...

Early solo period, at Prestige and Blue Note Miles Dewey Davis III (May 26, 1926 – September 28, 1991) was an American jazz musician, widely considered to be one of the most influential of the 20th century. ... Relaxin with the Miles Davis Quintet is an album recorded in 1956 by Miles Davis. ... Steamin with the Miles Davis Quintet is an album recorded in 1956 by Miles Davis. ... Workin with the Miles Davis Quintet is an album recorded in 1956 by Miles Davis. ... Cookin with the Miles Davis Quintet is an album recorded in 1956 by Miles Davis. ... Round About Midnight is an album by jazz musician Miles Davis, released in March of 1957 and his debut on Columbia Records, CL 949. ... Milestones is an album recorded in February and March 1958 by Miles Davis. ... Kind of Blue is a jazz album by musician Miles Davis, released on August 17, 1959. ... Someday My Prince Will Come is an album recorded in March 1961 by Miles Davis. ... Thelonious Sphere Monk (October 10, 1917 – February 17, 1982) was a jazz pianist and composer. ... Monks Music is a 1957 album by jazz band Thelonious Monks septet. ... At Carnegie Hall is a much acclaimed live album by The Thelonious Monk Quartet with John Coltrane. ... In jazz and blues notes added to the major scale for expressive quality, loosely defined by musicians to be an alteration to a scale or chord that makes it sound like the blues. ...

Middle period - Atlantic Records (May 1959 - October 1960) Coltrane is a 1957 album by jazz musician John Coltrane. ... Year 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar). ... Kenny Burrell and John Coltrane is a 1958 album by jazz musicians Kenny Burrell and John Coltrane. ... The Cats is a 1957 album by jazz musician John Coltrane. ... Traneing In (also known as John Coltrane with the Red Garland Trio) is a 1957 album by jazz musician John Coltrane. ... Blue Train is a jazz album by John Coltrane, released in 1957 (see 1957 in music. ... Lush Life is a 1958 album by jazz musician John Coltrane. ... Soultrane is a jazz album by John Coltrane, released in 1958. ... Atlantic Records (Atlantic Recording Corporation) is an American record label, and operates as a wholly owned subsidiary of Warner Music Group. ...

Later period Bags and Trane is a jazz album by Milt Jackson and John Coltrane. ... Milton (Milt) Jackson (January 1, 1923 – October 9, 1999) was an American jazz vibraphonist and one of the most important figures in the hard bop style. ... Giant Steps is a 1960 album by jazz musician John Coltrane. ... Coltrane Jazz is a 1961 album by jazz musician John Coltrane. ... The Avant-Garde is a 1960 album by jazz musicians John Coltrane and Don Cherry. ... My Favorite Things is a 1960 jazz album by John Coltrane. ... Coltrane Plays the Blues is an album by jazz musician John Coltrane. ... Coltranes Sound is a jazz album by John Coltrane originally recorded in 1960, but released in 1966. ... Olé Coltrane is an album by jazz musician John Coltrane, in the modal jazz genre. ... Africa/Brass is a 1961 album by John Coltrane, his first for the new Impulse! label. ... Eric Allan Dolphy (June 20, 1928 – June 29, 1964) was a jazz musician who played alto saxophone, flute and bass clarinet. ... Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Live at the Village Vanguard is a 1961 album by jazz musician John Coltrane. ... Eric Allan Dolphy (June 20, 1928 – June 29, 1964) was a jazz musician who played alto saxophone, flute and bass clarinet. ... Jimmy Garrison (March 3, 1933 – April 7, 1976) was an American jazz double bassist best known for his long association with John Coltrane from 1961 – 1967. ... Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Coltrane is a 1962 album by jazz musician John Coltrane. ... Year 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Duke Ellington & John Coltrane is a 1962 album by jazz musicians Duke Ellington and John Coltrane. ... Ballads is an album by the John Coltrane Quartet. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... Impressions Impressions is a 1963 (see 1963 in music) album by jazz musician John Coltrane. ... For other uses, see 1963 (disambiguation). ... Live at Birdland is a 1963 album by jazz musician John Coltrane. ... Crescent is an album by jazz musician John Coltrane. ... A Love Supreme is a jazz album recorded by John Coltranes quartet on December 9, 1964 at the Van Gelder studio in Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey. ...

Final sessions The John Coltrane Quartet Plays is a 1965 album by jazz musician John Coltrane. ... Ascension is a jazz album by John Coltrane. ... Living Space is a 1965 album by jazz musician John Coltrane. ... Transition is an album of music by jazz saxophonist John Coltrane. ... Sun Ship is a jazz album recorded on August 26, 1965, by tenor saxophonist John Coltrane. ... Year 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar, known as the year of cyclohexanol. ... First Meditations is a 1965 album by John Coltrane. ... Year 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. ... Meditations is a 1965 album by John Coltrane. ... Reggie Workman, Pharoah Sanders, and Idris Muhammad, c. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Year 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. ... Live At The Village Vanguard Again! is a jazz album by saxophonist John Coltrane. ... Alice Coltrane (b. ... Year 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. ... For other albums of this name, see Live in Japan (disambiguation). ...

Stellar Regions is a posthumous release by John Coltrane, discovered in 1994 by the artists wife, Alice Coltrane, who plays piano on the session. ... Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ... Expression is an album by jazz saxophonist John Coltrane. ... Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ... Interstellar Space was one of the last albums recorded before the death of John Coltrane in 1967. ... The Olatunji Concert is the Impulse! Records-released last live recording of saxophonist John Coltrane, recorded April 23, 1967 at the Olatunji Center of African Culture in New York and released posthumously on CD. The album consists of two songs, Ogunde, which Coltrane also recorded for his final self-approved... Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ...

Samples

Giant Steps Image File history File links Giant_Steps. ...

From Giant Steps (1960)
Problems listening to the file? See media help.

Notes

  1. ^ Corbett, John. John Gilmore: The Hard Bop Homepage. Eric B. Olsen. Down Beat. Retrieved on 2007-12-08.
  2. ^ Porter 1998, pp. 265-266.
  3. ^ "ABC-Paramount Records Story", by David Edwards, Patrice Eyries, and Mike Callahan, Both Sides Now website, retrieved January 29, 2007.
  4. ^ Citation Needed
  5. ^ Moustafa Bayoumi, an associate professor of English at Brooklyn College, City University of New York, argues that Coltrane's "A Love Supreme" features Coltrane chanting, "Allah Supreme".[1] Most Coltrane scholars (Lewis Porter among them) dispute this though, suggesting that Coltrane had abandoned Islam (and, indeed, organized religion in general) by 1964.
  6. ^ "John Coltrane, Avant Garde Jazz, and the Evolution of 'My Favorite Things'", thesis by Scott Anderson, Spring 1996, accessed at http://room34.com/coltrane/
  7. ^ Porter 1998, p. 211
  8. ^ Listing at the National Park Service
  9. ^ National Register Information System. National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service (2007-01-23).
  10. ^ Saint John Coltrane African Orthodox Church web site
  11. ^ Article "The Jazz Church" by Gordon Polatnick at www.elvispelvis.com
  12. ^ 2004 BBC documentary on the Saint John Coltrane African Orthodox Church at www.diverse.tv

Down Beat is an American magazine devoted to jazz. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 342nd day of the year (343rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 29th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Brooklyn College is a senior college of the City University of New York, located in Brooklyn, New York. ... The City University of New York (CUNY; acronym pronounced ), is the public university system of New York City. ... Allah is the Arabic language word for God. ... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... The National Park Service (NPS) is the United States federal agency that manages all National Parks, many National Monuments, and other conservation and historical properties with various title designations. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 23rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

References

  • Porter, Lewis (1999). John Coltrane: His Life and Music. University of Michigan Press. ISBN 047208643X. 

Lewis Porter Jazz pianist, and Director, Masters Program in Jazz History and Research, Rutgers University, Newark, NJ author of books and articles, and best known for his biography of saxophonist John Coltrane published in 1998. ...

Further reading

  • Kahn, Ashley [2002] (2003). A Love Supreme: The Story of John Coltrane's Signature Album, Elvin Jones, Penguin Books. ISBN 0142003522. 
  • Lavezzoli, Peter (2006). The Dawn of Indian Music in the West. Continuum International Publishing Group. ISBN 0826418155. 
  • Nisenson, Eric (1995). Ascension: John Coltrane and His Quest. Da Capo Press. ISBN 0306806444. 
  • Ratliff, Ben (2007). Coltrane: The Story of a Soun. New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux. ISBN 0-374-12606-2. 
  • Simpkins, Cuthbert [1975] (1989). Coltrane: A Biography. New York: Herndon House Publishers. ISBN 0-915-54282-X. 
  • Thomas, J.C. (1975). Chasin' the Trane. New York: Da Capo. ISBN 0-306-80043-8. 
  • Woideck, Carl (1998). The John Coltrane Companion. New York: Schirmer Books. ISBN 0-02-864790-4. 

Ashley Kahn is an American music historian, journalist and producer. ... Eric Nisenson (February 12, 1946 - August 15, 2003) was an American author and jazz historian. ...

External links

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
John Coltrane
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Persondata
NAME Coltrane, John William
ALTERNATIVE NAMES
SHORT DESCRIPTION Jazz saxophonist
DATE OF BIRTH September 23, 1926
PLACE OF BIRTH Hamlet, North Carolina
DATE OF DEATH July 17, 1967, liver cancer
PLACE OF DEATH Long Island, New York
Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiquote is one of a family of wiki-based projects run by the Wikimedia Foundation, running on MediaWiki software. ... Find A Grave is an online database of seventeen million cemeteries and burial records. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini/Common Era, in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 90th day of the year (91st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Coltrane is a 1957 album by jazz musician John Coltrane. ... Dakar is a 1957 album by jazz musician John Coltrane. ... The Cats is a 1957 album by jazz musician John Coltrane. ... A Blowing Session is a 1957 album by jazz musician Johnny Griffin. ... Traneing In (also known as John Coltrane with the Red Garland Trio) is a 1957 album by jazz musician John Coltrane. ... Coltrane Time is a 1958 album by jazz musician John Coltrane, released under this name in 1962. ... The Believer is a 1958 album by jazz musician John Coltrane. ... Black Pearls is a 1958 album by jazz musician John Coltrane. ... Bahia is an album by jazz musician John Coltrane, released on the Prestige label in 1958 (see 1958 in music). ... Kenny Burrell and John Coltrane is a 1958 album by jazz musicians Kenny Burrell and John Coltrane. ... Lush Life is a 1958 album by jazz musician John Coltrane. ... Blue Train is a jazz album by John Coltrane, released in 1957 (see 1957 in music. ... Standard Coltrane is a 1958 album by jazz musician John Coltrane. ... Stardust is a 1958 album by jazz musician John Coltrane, originally issued under Wilbur Hardens name. ... Setting The Pace is a 1958 album by jazz musician John Coltrane. ... Tranes Blues is a 1957 album by jazz musician John Coltrane. ... Giant Steps is a 1960 album by jazz musician John Coltrane. ... Coltranes Sound is a jazz album by John Coltrane originally recorded in 1960, but released in 1966. ... The Avant-Garde is a 1960 album by jazz musicians John Coltrane and Don Cherry. ... My Favorite Things is a 1960 jazz album by John Coltrane. ... Coltrane Jazz is a 1961 album by jazz musician John Coltrane. ... Coltrane Plays the Blues is an album by jazz musician John Coltrane. ... Africa/Brass is a 1961 album by John Coltrane, his first for the new Impulse! label. ... Olé Coltrane is an album by jazz musician John Coltrane, in the modal jazz genre. ... Ballads is an album by the John Coltrane Quartet. ... Coltrane is a 1962 album by jazz musician John Coltrane. ... Duke Ellington & John Coltrane is a 1962 album by jazz musicians Duke Ellington and John Coltrane. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... Impressions Impressions is a 1963 (see 1963 in music) album by jazz musician John Coltrane. ... A Love Supreme is a jazz album recorded by John Coltranes quartet on December 9, 1964 at the Van Gelder studio in Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey. ... The John Coltrane Quartet Plays is a 1965 album by jazz musician John Coltrane. ... Transition is an album of music by jazz saxophonist John Coltrane. ... First Meditations is a 1965 album by John Coltrane. ... Ascension is a jazz album by John Coltrane. ... Kulu Sé Mama is a 1965 album by jazz musician John Coltrane. ... Sun Ship is a jazz album recorded on August 26, 1965, by tenor saxophonist John Coltrane. ... Living Space is a 1965 album by jazz musician John Coltrane. ... Om is a 1965 album by John Coltrane. ... Meditations is a 1965 album by John Coltrane. ... Cosmic Music is a jazz album by John Coltrane and Alice Coltrane Manifestation (11:44) Reverend King (Written in the Honor of Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr. ... Interstellar Space was one of the last albums recorded before the death of John Coltrane in 1967. ... Expression is an album by jazz saxophonist John Coltrane. ... Live at the Village Vanguard is a 1961 album by jazz musician John Coltrane. ... The European Tour is a 1963 album by jazz musician John Coltrane. ... Live at Birdland is a 1963 album by jazz musician John Coltrane. ... Live in Seattle is a 1965 album by jazz musician John Coltrane. ... Creation is a 1965 album by jazz musician John Coltrane. ... New Thing at Newport is a 1965 album by jazz musicians John Coltrane and Archie Shepp. ... Live At The Village Vanguard Again! is a jazz album by saxophonist John Coltrane. ... For other albums of this name, see Live in Japan (disambiguation). ... The Olatunji Concert is the Impulse! Records-released last live recording of saxophonist John Coltrane, recorded April 23, 1967 at the Olatunji Center of African Culture in New York and released posthumously on CD. The album consists of two songs, Ogunde, which Coltrane also recorded for his final self-approved... ‘’The Complete Columbia Recordings of Miles Davis with John Coltrane’’ is a 2004 box set by jazz musicians Miles Davis and John Coltrane. ... The Complete Prestige Recordings is a box set by jazz musician John Coltrane. ... Miles Dewey Davis III (May 26, 1926 – September 28, 1991) was an American jazz musician, widely considered to be one of the most influential of the 20th century. ... Circle in the Round is an album by jazz musician Miles Davis. ... Round About Midnight is an album by jazz musician Miles Davis, released in March of 1957 and his debut on Columbia Records, CL 949. ... Workin with the Miles Davis Quintet is an album recorded in 1956 by Miles Davis. ... Steamin with the Miles Davis Quintet is an album recorded in 1956 by Miles Davis. ... Relaxin with the Miles Davis Quintet is an album recorded in 1956 by Miles Davis. ... Cookin with the Miles Davis Quintet is an album recorded in 1956 by Miles Davis. ... Miles Davis and the Modern Jazz Giants is an album recorded by Miles Davis, for Prestige Records. ... Milestones is an album recorded in February and March 1958 by Miles Davis. ... Miles & Monk at Newport was a combined album of a Miles Davis appearance at Newport with an appearance of Thelonious Monk, from the LP era. ... Kind of Blue is a jazz album by musician Miles Davis, released on August 17, 1959. ... Someday My Prince Will Come is an album recorded in March 1961 by Miles Davis. ... Whims Of Chambers is a jazz album by bassist, Paul Chambers. ... Monks Music is a 1957 album by jazz band Thelonious Monks septet. ... Thelonious Monk with John Coltrane is a 1957 album by Thelonious Monk. ... The Complete 1957 Riverside Recordings is a 1957 album by Thelonious Monk. ... At Carnegie Hall is a much acclaimed live album by The Thelonious Monk Quartet with John Coltrane. ... Coltrane Time is a 1958 album by jazz musician John Coltrane, released under this name in 1962. ... High Step is a jazz album by bassist Paul Chambers and tenor saxophonist John Coltrane. ... Mating Call is a 1956 album by jazz musician Tadd Dameron. ... Winners Circle is a 1957 album by jazz musician Oscar Pettiford. ... Tenor Conclave is a 1956 jazz album, originally credited to the Prestige All Stars. Subsequent issues have generally been under John Coltranes name. ... Gold Coast is a 1958 album by jazz musicians John Coltrane and Wilbur Harden. ... Jazz Way Out is a 1958 album by jazz musicians John Coltrane and Wilbur Harden. ... Tanganyika Strut is a 1958 album by jazz musicians John Coltrane and Wilbur Harden. ... Mainstream 1958: The East Coast Jazz Scene is a 1958 album by jazz musician Wilbur Harden. ... Kenny Burrell and John Coltrane is a 1958 album by jazz musicians Kenny Burrell and John Coltrane. ... Alfred McCoy Tyner (born December 11, 1938) is a jazz pianist from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, best known for his work with the John Coltrane Quartet. ... Jimmy Garrison (March 3, 1933 – April 7, 1976) was an American jazz double bassist best known for his long association with John Coltrane from 1961 – 1967. ... Elvin Ray Jones (September 9, 1927 – May 18, 2004) was a jazz drummer. ... He is equally adept at gracefully backing a singer like Sarah Vaughan or in explosive interactions with the likes of John Coltrane, Chick Corea, Eric Dolphy, or Andrew Hill. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Alice Coltrane (b. ... Reggie Workman, Pharoah Sanders, and Idris Muhammad, c. ... Reggie Workman (b. ... Arthur Art Davis (June 14, 1905 - May 9, 2000) was an animator and a director for Warner Brothers Termite Terrace cartoon studio. ... For other people with this name, see Steve Davis (disambiguation). ... Thomas Lee Flanagan (b. ... Paul Laurence Dunbar Chambers, Jr. ... Ravi Coltrane (born 6 August 1965) is an American Jazz saxophonist. ... Giant Steps is the first track on the album of the same name by John Coltrane, and is 4 minutes and 49 seconds long. ... Sheets of sound was a term coined in 1958 by Down Beat magazine jazz critic Ira Gitler to describe the new, unique style of John Coltrane. ... Naima is a ballad composed by John Coltrane in 1959, and named after his then wife, Juanita Naima Grubb. ... Lazy Bird is a composition by John Coltrane, first appearing on his 1957 album Blue Train. ... The John W. Coltrane Cultural Society (JWCCS) is a music organization in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, dedicated to promoting jazz music in Philadelphia. ... Impressions is a Jazz standard composed by John Coltrane, appearing on the 1963 album of the same name. ... John Coltrane discography: See the main article about John Coltrane, an American jazz saxophonist and composer. ... is the 266th day of the year (267th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Hamlet is a city located in Richmond County, North Carolina. ... is the 198th day of the year (199th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ... Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC, also called hepatoma or hepatocarcinogenesis) is a primary malignancy (cancer) of the liver. ... This article is about Long Island in New York State. ...

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Gale - Free Resources - Black History - Biographies - John Coltrane (2053 words)
John Coltrane was a consummate musician and band leader; an innovator in the avant garde and free jazz era from its inception.
John William Coltrane was born on September 23, 1926, in Hamlet, North Carolina, the son of John Robert and Alice Blair Coltrane.
John and Alice soon married, moved to Huntington, Long Island, and she replaced McCoy Tyner when he left the John Coltrane Quartet in 1966.
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