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Encyclopedia > John Carroll (bishop)
Bishop John Carroll painted by Gilbert Stuart 1804/1805
Bishop John Carroll painted by Gilbert Stuart 1804/1805

Bishop John Theodore Carroll, SJ, (January 8, 1735December 3, 1815) was the first bishop and archbishop in the United States — serving as the ordinary of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Baltimore. He is best known as the founder of Georgetown University, the oldest Catholic school in the United States, and the Georgetown Preparatory School, the oldest Catholic day and boarding school in the United States. He is also the namesake of John Carroll University, which, like Georgetown University, is among the twenty-eight member institutions of the Association of Jesuit Colleges and Universities. Image File history File links John_Carroll. ... Self portrait, 1778 Gilbert Charles Stuart (né Stewart) (December 3, 1755 - July 9, 1828) was an American painter. ... Seal of the Society of Jesus. ... January 8 is the 8th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events April 16 - The London premiere of Alcina by George Frideric Handel, his first the first Italian opera for the Royal Opera House at Covent Garden. ... December 3 is the 337th (in leap years the 338th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Battle of New Orleans 1815 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... A mitre is used as a symbol of the bishops ministry. ... In Christianity, an archbishop is an elevated bishop. ... Pope Pius XI, depicted in this window at Cathedral of Our Lady of Peace, Honolulu, was ordinary of the universal Roman Catholic Church and local ordinary of Rome. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Baltimore is a particular church of the Roman Catholic Church in the United States. ... Georgetown University, formally the The President and Directors of Georgetown University, is a private university in the United States, located in Georgetown, a historic neighborhood of Washington, D.C. Founded on January 23, 1789 by Archbishop John Carroll, it is both the oldest Roman Catholic and oldest Jesuit university in... Catholic Education is an important component of education in the United States. ... Georgetown Preparatory School, situated approximately 5 miles from the Washington DC border on 90 acres at 10900 Rockville Pike in North Bethesda, Maryland, is an independent, Jesuit college-preparatory school for young men in grades nine through 12. ... John Carroll University is a private, co-educational Roman Catholic university in the greater Cleveland, Ohio area in the United States. ... Georgetown University, formally the The President and Directors of Georgetown University, is a private university in the United States, located in Georgetown, a historic neighborhood of Washington, D.C. Founded on January 23, 1789 by Archbishop John Carroll, it is both the oldest Roman Catholic and oldest Jesuit university in... The Association of Jesuit Colleges and Universities or AJCU is an American voluntary service organization based in Washington, D.C. whose mission is to serve its member institutions, the 28 colleges and universities in the United States administered by the Society of Jesus. ...


Carroll was born in Upper Marlboro, Maryland and educated mainly at the College of St. Omer in French Flanders. He joined the Jesuits in 1753 and was ordained priest in 1761. Carroll remained in Europe until he was almost 40, teaching at St-Omer and Liège, and acting as chaplain to several British aristocrats travelling on the continent. When the Society of Jesus was dissolved in 1773, he made arrangements to return to Maryland. In 1776, the Continental Congress asked Carroll, his cousin Charles Carroll, Samuel Chase, and Benjamin Franklin to travel to Quebec and attempt to persuade the French Canadian population to join the revolution. Although the group was unsuccessful, it made Carroll well known to the government of the new republic. Upper Marlboro is a town located in Prince Georges County, Maryland. ... The College of St. ... Nord (French, the north) is a département in the north of France. ... Seal of the Society of Jesus. ... 1753 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1761 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... The Suppression of the Jesuits in Portugal, France, the Two Sicilies, Parma and the Spanish Empire by 1767 was a product of a series of political moves rather than a theological controversy. ... 1773 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... This article is about the year 1776. ... The Continental Congress is the label given to three successive bodies of representatives: The First Continental Congress met from September 5, 1774 to October 26, 1774. ... Charles Carroll Charles Carroll of Carrollton (September 19, 1737–November 14, 1832) was a lawyer and politician from Maryland who was a delegate to the Continental Congress and later a United States Senator. ... Samuel Chase (April 17, 1741 – June 19, 1811), was an Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court and a signer of the United States Declaration of Independence as a representative of Maryland. ... Benjamin Franklin (January 17 [O.S. January 6] 1706 – April 17, 1790) was one of the most well known Founding Fathers of the United States. ... Motto: Je me souviens (French: I remember) Official languages French Flower Blue Flag Iris (Iris versicolor Linné) Tree Yellow Birch Bird Snowy Owl Capital Quebec City Largest city Montreal Lieutenant-Governor Lise Thibault Premier Jean Charest (PLQ) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 75 24 Area Total  - Land  - Water  (% of... French Canadian is a term that has several different connotations. ...

Styles of
John Carroll, S.J.
Reference style The Most Reverend
Spoken style Your Excellency
Religious style Monsignor
Posthumous style none

In 1784, based on Franklin's recommendation to the papal nuncio in Paris, Carroll was made Superior of Missions in the United States of North America, establishing a hierarchy in the United States and removing the Catholic Church in the U.S. from the authority of the Vicar Apostolic of London. He was appointed Bishop of Baltimore on November 6, 1789, by Pope Pius VI, becoming the first bishop in the United States. In 1791 Bishop Carroll convened the first synod of priests in the U.S. In 1806 he oversaw the construction of America's first Catholic Cathedral, the Basilica of the National Shrine of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary in Baltimore, Maryland, which was designed by Benjamin Henry Latrobe, architect of the United States Capitol. He became the first Catholic archbishop in the US in 1808 when Baltimore was elevated to an archdiocese. Image File history File links Patriarchal_or_Archbishop_Cross. ... A style of office, or honorific, is a form of address which by tradition or law precedes a reference to a person who holds a title or post, or to the political office itself. ... The Reverend is an honorary prefix to the names of most Christian clergy and ministers. ... His / Her Excellency is an honorific title given to certain high-ranking political officials. ... Monsignor is an ecclesiastical honorific title for clergy of the Roman Catholic Church. ... 1784 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Nuncio is an ecclesiastical diplomatic title, derived from the ancient Latin Nuntius, meaning any envoy. ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country France Région ÃŽle-de-France Département Paris (75) Subdivisions 20 arrondissements Mayor Bertrand Delanoë  (PS) (since 2001) City Statistics Land... For the various types of hierarchy, see hierarchy (disambiguation) A hierarchy (in Greek: , it is derived from -hieros, sacred, and -arkho, rule) is a system of ranking and organizing things or people, where each element of the system (except for the top element) is subordinate to a single other element. ... Roman Catholicism in the United States or Catholicism has flourished since its colonial era, previous to the establishment of the nation. ... The Vicar Apostolic of the London District was the title given to the Bishop who headed an ecclesiastical jurisdiction, of the Catholic Church in England, the Vicariate Apostolic of the London District, from 1688 to 1850. ... As of 2005, the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Baltimore covers the City of Baltimore as well as Allegany, Anne Arundel, Baltimore, Carroll, Frederick, Garrett, Harford, Howard, and Washington counties, Maryland. ... November 6 is the 310th day of the year (311th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 55 days remaining. ... 1789 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Pius VI, born Giovanni Angelo Braschi (December 27, 1717 – August 29, 1799), Pope from 1775 to 1799, was born at Cesena. ... A mitre is used as a symbol of the bishops ministry. ... 1791 (MDCCXCI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 11-day-slower Julian calendar). ... A synod (also known as a council) is a council of a church, usually a Christian church, convened to decide an issue of doctrine, administration or application. ... 1806 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The Baltimore Basilica is the first major religious building constructed in the nation after the adoption of the United States Constitution. ... Nickname: Monument City, Charm City, Mob Town, B-more, Bodymore, Murderland Motto: Get In On It (formerly The City That Reads and The Greatest City in America; BELIEVE is not the official motto but rather a specific campaign) Location of Baltimore in Maryland Coordinates: Country United States State Maryland County... Benjamin Henry Latrobe (May 1, 1764 - September 3, 1820) was an architect best known for his design of the United States Capitol. ... The United States Capitol is the capitol building that serves as the location for the Congress of the United States, the legislative branch of the U.S. federal government. ... In Christianity, an archbishop is an elevated bishop. ... 1808 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Nickname: Monument City, Charm City, Mob Town, B-more, Bodymore, Murderland Motto: Get In On It (formerly The City That Reads and The Greatest City in America; BELIEVE is not the official motto but rather a specific campaign) Location of Baltimore in Maryland Coordinates: Country United States State Maryland County... In some Christian churches, the diocese is an administrative territorial unit governed by a bishop, sometimes also referred to as a bishopric or episcopal see, though more often the term episcopal see means the office held by the bishop. ...


See also

Georgetown University, formally the The President and Directors of Georgetown University, is a private university in the United States, located in Georgetown, a historic neighborhood of Washington, D.C. Founded on January 23, 1789 by Archbishop John Carroll, it is both the oldest Roman Catholic and oldest Jesuit university in... Georgetown Preparatory School, situated approximately 5 miles from the Washington DC border on 90 acres at 10900 Rockville Pike in North Bethesda, Maryland, is an independent, Jesuit college-preparatory school for young men in grades nine through 12. ... John Carroll University is a private, co-educational Roman Catholic university in the greater Cleveland, Ohio area in the United States. ... Saint John the Evangelist Catholic Church is a parish of the Roman Catholic Church in Maryland in the United States founded by Fr. ...

References

Religious Posts
Preceded by:
erected
Archbishop of Baltimore
17891815
Succeeded by:
Leonard Neale

 
 

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