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Encyclopedia > John Cabot
John Cabot

John Cabot in traditional Venetian garb, from a sixteenth-century painting
Born 1450
Genoa, Italy
Died 1498 (aged 47–48)
Unknown
Nationality Genovese
Occupation Maritime explorer
Title Admiral of the Ocean Sea
Religious beliefs Roman Catholic
Children Ludovico, Sebastian, and Sancto[1]

Giovanni Caboto (c. 1450 – c. 1498)[2], known in English as John Cabot, was an Italian navigator and explorer commonly credited as the first European to discover North America, in 1497, notwithstanding Norseman Leif Ericson's landing (c. 1003). The Canadian government's official position is that he landed on the island of Newfoundland. For other uses, see Genoa (disambiguation). ... 1498 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... “Italian Republic” redirects here. ... The era of European sea explorations began in the late 15th century and lasted for a little more than three full centuries. ... For other uses, see Admiral (disambiguation). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Atlantic Ocean. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... Sebastian Cabot. ... Look up Circa on Wiktionary, the free dictionary The Latin word circa, literally meaning about, is often used to describe various dates (often birth and death dates) that are uncertain. ... A navigator is the person onboard a ship responsible for the navigation of the vessel. ... Explorer redirects here. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... North American redirects here. ... 1497 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Norseman redirects here; for the town of the same name see Norseman, Western Australia. ... Close up of Leif in front of Hallgrímskirkja, in Reykjavík, Iceland. ... Newfoundland —   IPA: [nuw fÉ™n lænd] (French: , Irish: ) is a large island off the east coast of North America, and the most populous part of the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. ...

Contents

Biography

Cabot's birthplace is a matter of much controversy with Venetian, English, or Catalan roots all being possibilities.[2] When he was eleven, he moved to Venice and became a Venetian citizen.[citation needed] For other uses, see Venice (disambiguation). ...


Like other Italian explorers of the era, such as Christopher Columbus, Cabot made another country his base of operations. It was probably on hearing of Columbus's discovery of 'the Indies' that he decided to find a route to the west for himself. He had a simple plan, to start from a northerly latitude where the longitudes are much closer together, and where, as a result, the voyage would be much shorter.[3] Christopher Columbus (1451 – May 20, 1506) was a navigator, colonizer, and explorer and one of the first Europeans to explore the Americas after the Vikings. ... Christopher Columbus (1451 – May 20, 1506) was a navigator, colonizer, and explorer and one of the first Europeans to explore the Americas after the Vikings. ...


Cabot sought funding from England and so his explorations were made under the English flag. Motto Dieu et mon droit(French) God and my right Territory of the Kingdom of England Capital Winchester; London from 11th century Language(s) Old English (de facto, until 1066) Anglo-Norman language (de jure, 1066 - 15th century) English (de facto, gradually replaced French from late 13th century) Government Monarchy...


King Henry VII of England gave him a grant to go on The Tudor Rose: a combination of the Red Rose of Lancaster and the White Rose of York Henry VII (January 28, 1457 – April 21, 1509), King of England, Lord of Ireland (August 22, 1485 – April 21, 1509), born Henry Tudor, was the first monarch of the Tudor dynasty. ...

full and free authority, leave, and power, to sail to all parts, countries, a see as, of the East, of the West, and of the North, under our banners and ensigns, with five ships ... and as many mariners or men as they will have in said ships, upon their own proper costs and charges, to seek out, discover, and find, whatsoever isles, countries, regions or provinces of the heathen and infidels, whatsoever they be, and in what part of the world soever they be, which before this time have been unknown to all Christians.
 
— Henry VII of England [4]

Cabot went to Bristol to make the preparations for his voyage. Bristol was the second-largest seaport in England, and during the years from 1480 onwards several expeditions had been sent out to look for Hy-Brazil, an island said to lie somewhere in the Atlantic Ocean according to Celtic legends. In 1496 Cabot set out from Bristol with one ship. But he got no further than Iceland and was forced to return because of disputes with the crew.[2] This article is about the English city. ... Events March 6 - Treaty of Toledo - Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain recognize African conquests of Afonso of Portugal and he cedes the Canary Islands to Spain Great standing on the Ugra river - Muscovy becomes independent from the Golden Horde. ... Brazil, also known as Hy-Brazil or several other variants, is a phantom island which features in many Irish Celtic myths. ... Diachronic distribution of Celtic peoples:  core Hallstatt territory, by the 6th century BC  maximal Celtic expansion, by the 3rd century BC  the six Celtic nations which retained significant numbers of Celtic speakers into the Early Modern period  areas where Celtic languages remain widely spoken today Celts (pronounced or , see pronunciation... 1496 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


On a second voyage Cabot again used only one ship with 18 crew, the Matthew, a small ship (50 tons), but fast and able. He departed on either May 2 or May 20, 1497 and sailed to Dursey Head (51°36N), Ireland. He landed on the coast of Newfoundland on June 24, 1497. His precise landing-place is a matter of controversy, with Bonavista or St. John's in Newfoundland, Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia, Labrador, or Maine all being possibilities. Cape Bonavista, however, is the location recognised by the governments of Canada and the United Kingdom as being Cabot's official landing. His men may have been the first Europeans to set foot on the North American mainland since the Vikings. Christopher Columbus did not find the South American mainland until his third voyage, in 1498, and letters referring to a voyage by Amerigo Vespucci in 1497 are generally believed to have been forgeries or fabrications.[citation needed] Cabot went ashore to take possession of the land, and explored the coast for some time, and departed on July 20.[citation needed] On the homeward voyage his sailors incorrectly thought they were going too far north, so Cabot sailed a more southerly course, reaching Brittany instead of England, and on August 6 arrived back in Bristol.[5] Ship sailed by John Cabot in 1497 from Bristol to North America, presumably Newfoundland. ... 1497 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Dursey Island lies west of County Cork in the Republic of Ireland. ... is the 175th day of the year (176th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Categories: Towns | Newfoundland and Labrador communities | Coastal towns of Canada | Canada-place stubs ... St. ... Newfoundland —   IPA: [nuw fÉ™n lænd] (French: , Irish: ) is a large island off the east coast of North America, and the most populous part of the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. ... For other uses, see Cape Breton. ... Motto: Munit Haec et Altera Vincit (Latin: One defends and the other conquers) Capital Halifax Largest city Halifax Regional Municipality Official languages English (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor Mayann E. Francis Premier Rodney MacDonald (PC) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 11 Senate seats 10 Confederation July 1, 1867... Labrador (also Coast of Labrador) is a region of Atlantic Canada. ... Official language(s) None (English and French de facto) Capital Augusta Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 39th  - Total 33,414 sq mi (86,542 km²)  - Width 210 miles (338 km)  - Length 320 miles (515 km)  - % water 13. ... Cape Bonavista is a headland located on the east coast of the island of Newfoundland in the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. ... The name Viking is a loan from the native Scandinavian term for the Norse seafaring warriors who raided the coasts of Scandinavia, Europe and the British Isles from the late 8th century to the 11th century, the period of European history referred to as the Viking Age. ... Christopher Columbus (1451 – May 20, 1506) was a navigator, colonizer, and explorer and one of the first Europeans to explore the Americas after the Vikings. ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ... 1498 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Amerigo Vespucci (Américo Vespucio in Spanish) (March 8, 1454 - February 22, 1512) was an Italian merchant, explorer and cartographer. ... 1497 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the historical kingdom, duchy and French province, as well as one of the Celtic nations. ...

Cabot Tower in St. John's, Newfoundland.
Cabot Tower in St. John's, Newfoundland.


Back in England, Cabot was made an Admiral, rewarded with £10 and a patent was written for a new voyage.[2] Later, a pension of £20 a year was granted to him. The next year, 1498, he departed again, with 5 ships this time. One of the ships returned to an Irish port because of damage taken on in an storm. Upon repair the ship again headed west. Cabot and his expedition were never heard from again and are presumed to have been lost at sea.[citation needed] Download high resolution version (1800x2400, 479 KB)Cabot Tower in St. ... Download high resolution version (1800x2400, 479 KB)Cabot Tower in St. ... Plaque inside Cabot Tower View of St. ... 1498 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Sebastian's Voyage

John's son, Sebastian Cabot, later made a voyage to North America, looking for the hoped for Northwest Passage (1508), and another to repeat Magellan's voyage around the world, but which instead ended up looking for silver along the Río de la Plata (1525-8). Sebastian Cabot. ... For other uses, see Northwest Passage (disambiguation). ... 1508 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Presidential railcar named Ferdinand Magellan, see Ferdinand Magellan Railcar. ... This article is about the chemical element. ... This page is about the South American estuary. ...


Tributes

Along with Cabot Tower in St. John's, Newfoundland, Cabot is remembered in Bristol, England by the Cabot Tower, a 30-metre tall red sandstone tower of 1897 (the 400th anniversary of the landing) on Brandon Hill near the city centre, by a replica of the Matthew built in the city and by a statue of the explorer on the harbour side. Plaque inside Cabot Tower View of St. ... Saint John may refer to: Several Saints: John the Apostle, to whom the Gospel of John is attributed John the Evangelist, traditionally identified with the apostle, and to whom the books 1 John, 2 John, 3 John, and Revelation are attributed Saint John the Baptist John Chrysostom, Archbishop of Constantinople... The tower, viewed from Brandon Hill park. ... 1897 (MDCCCXCVII) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ...


References

  1. ^ Catholic Encyclopedia "John & Sebastian Cabot" (HTML). newadvent (2007). Retrieved on 2008-05-17.
  2. ^ a b c d CABOT (HTML). Canadian Biography (2007). Retrieved on 2008-05-17.
  3. ^ Derek Croxton (2007). The Cabot Dilemma:John Cabot's 1497 Voyage &the Limits of Historiography (HTML). University of Virginia. Retrieved on 2008-05-17.
  4. ^ Cabot (HTML) (2007). Retrieved on 2008-05-17.
  5. ^ The John Day Letter (HTML). heritage (2007). Retrieved on 2008-05-17. “John Day was an English merchant in the Spanish trade. He wrote this letter in Spain between December 1497 and January 1498 to the "Lord Grand Admiral", probably Christopher Columbus. Discovered in 1956 in the Archivo General de Simancas, the letter contains information which adds significantly to the stock of knowledge concerning the Cabot voyages.”

2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 137th day of the year (138th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 137th day of the year (138th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The University of Virginia (also called U.Va. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 137th day of the year (138th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 137th day of the year (138th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 137th day of the year (138th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Images


  Results from FactBites:
 
John Cabot - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (915 words)
Cabot was born in either 1450 or 1451 in Genoa, Gaeta, or Chioggia.
John's son, Sebastian Cabot, later made a voyage to North America, looking for the hoped for Northwest Passage (1508), and another to repeat Magellan's voyage around the world, but which instead ended up looking for silver along the Río de la Plata (1525-8).
Letters patent for a voyage to discover new lands granted to John Cabot and his three sons by the king of England, Henry VII, at Westminster on March 5, 1496.
John Cabot (719 words)
Back in England, Cabot was well rewarded (a pension of 20 pounds a year), and a patent was written for a new voyage.
John's son Sebastian Cabot[?] later made a voyage to North America, looking for the Northwest Passage (1508), and one to repeat Magellan's voyage around the world, which ended up looking for silver along the River Plate (1525-8).
Cabot is remembered in Bristol by the Cabot Tower, a 30m tall red sandstone tower of 1897 (the 400th anniversary of the landing) on Brandon Hill near the city centre, and by a replica of the Matthew which is moored in the city docks.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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