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Encyclopedia > John C. Stennis Space Center

The John C. Stennis Space Center (or SSC), located in Hancock County, Mississippi at the Mississippi/Louisiana border, is NASA's largest rocket engine test facility. Hancock County is a county located in the state of Mississippi. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... This Article does not cite its references or sources. ... NASA logo Listen to this article · (info) This audio file was created from an article revision dated 2005-09-01, and does not reflect subsequent edits to the article. ...


History

Construction of the A-2 test stand
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Construction of the A-2 test stand

Construction of the 13,500 acre (55 kmĀ²) Mississippi Test Operations complex began in October, 1961. The facility's large cement and metal test stands were originally used to test-fire the first and second stages of the Saturn V rockets. Each of the engines that sent men to the moon in the late 1960s were tested here; not a single one failed during the course of these Apollo missions. In the period of the Space Shuttle program the stands were used to provide flight certification for the Space Shuttle Main Engine. A photograph in 1964 taken during the construction of the John C. Stennis Space Center. ... A photograph in 1964 taken during the construction of the John C. Stennis Space Center. ... 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1961 calendar). ... This article is about the rocket. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from 1960 to 1969, inclusive. ... Description Role: Earth and Lunar Orbit Crew: 3; CDR, CM pilot, LM pilot Dimensions Height: 36. ... This article is about the NASA Space Shuttle program. ... Space Shuttle Main Engine cluster The Space Shuttle Main Engines (SSMEs) are the three main engines on the Space Shuttle orbiter. ...


In part the site was selected because it was thinly populated and it was possible to create barge access to it. Barge access was needed as the rocket motors to be tested for Apollo were too large for overland transport. The chosen site also had to be between the Michoud Assembly Facility just east of New Orleans, Louisiana where the rockets were made and the launch facility at Cape Canaveral in Florida. Before construction began, five small communities (Gainesville, Logtown, Napoleon, Santa Rosa and Westonia) with 700 families had to be relocated. Remnants of the communities, including city streets and a one-room school house, still exist within the facility. Michoud Assembly Facility in 1968 The Michoud Assembly Facility is an 832 acre (3. ... Cape Canaveral from space, August 1991 Cape Canaveral (Cabo Cañaveral in Spanish) is a strip of land in Brevard County, Florida, United States, near the center of that states Atlantic coast. ...


With the close of the Apollo program use of the base plummeted, with economic impact to the surrounding communities. Over the years other government organizations were moved to the facility, providing a major economic benefit to the communities.


In the 1990s, a new test complex named "E" was constructed to test a variety of new engine concepts. A series of tests conducted there eventually led to the commercialization of hybrid rocket motors, one of which was used to power the first privately funded spaceship, Scaled Composites SpaceShipOne. See also 1990s, the band The 1990s decade refers to the years from 1990 to 1999, inclusive, sometimes informally including popular culture from the very late 1980s and from 2000 and beyond. ... A hybrid rocket propulsion system is a rocket engine composed of a solid propellant lining a combustion chamber into which a liquid or gaseous propellant is injected so as to undergo a strong exothermic reaction to produce hot gas that is emitted through a De Laval nozzle for propulsive purposes. ... Scaled Composites SpaceShipOne SpaceShipOnes patch The Scaled Composites Model 316 SpaceShipOne is an experimental air-launched suborbital spaceplane that uses a hybrid rocket motor. ...


Two 250,000 gallon water tanks at the facility, used to test equipment for the Navy, were used to film the underwater sequences in the film Double Jeopardy (film). Double Jeopardy is a movie made in 1999 starring Tommy Lee Jones and Ashley Judd, about an innocent woman who is framed by her husband for his murder. ...


The facility has been renamed several times in the course of its short history, becoming the Mississippi Test Facility in 1965, the National Space Technology Laboratories in 1974, and taking its present name in 1988 in order to honor the late Mississippi Senator John C. Stennis for his unwavering support of the national space program. 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A senate is a deliberative body, often the upper house or chamber of a legislature. ... Sen. ...


The facility was damaged in late August 2005 by Hurricane Katrina. 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Lowest pressure 902 mbar (hPa; 26. ...


Facilities

Rocket engine test stand at Stennis Space Center
Rocket engine test stand at Stennis Space Center

In 2005 Stennis Space Center, abbreviated SSC, was home to over 30 government agencies and private companies. By far the largest of these were elements of the United States Navy with some 3500 personnel, which was far larger than the NASA civil servant contingent. Some of the prominent resident agencies include: Rocket engine test stand at John C. Stennis Space Center Original image: http://www. ... Rocket engine test stand at John C. Stennis Space Center Original image: http://www. ... USN redirects here. ...

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) is a scientific agency of the United States Department of Commerce focused on the conditions of the oceans and the atmosphere. ... A typical deep-sea NDBC discus buoy in the Gulf of Mexico. ... -1... Lockheed/BAE/Northrop F-35 Lockheed Trident missile C-130 Hercules; in production since the 1950s, now as the C-130J Lockheed Martin (NYSE: LMT) is an aerospace manufacturer formed in 1995 by the merger of Lockheed Corporation with Martin Marietta. ... The Naval Small Craft Instruction and Technical Training School (NAVSCIATTS) traces its history to the U. S. Coast Guard Mobile Training Team (MTT) sent to the Panama Canal Zone as a result of agreements made during the Alliance for Progress Conference in San Jose, Costa Rica in 1961. ... The University of Southern Mississippi is a comprehensive doctoral and research public university located primarily in Hattiesburg, Mississippi. ...

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