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Encyclopedia > John C. Frémont
John C. Frémont
John C. Frémont

John Charles Frémont (January 21, 1813July 13, 1890), birth name John Charles Fremon [Harvey, p.192], was an American military officer, explorer, the first candidate of the United States Republican Party for the office of President of the United States, and the first Presidential candidate to run on a platform of opposition to slavery. He was born in Savannah, Georgia. See http://bioguide. ... January 21 is the 21st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1813 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... July 13th is the 194th day (195th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 171 days remaining. ... 1890 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... In the military, a commissioned officer is a member of the service who derives authority directly from a sovereign power, and as such holds a commission from that power. ... See also explorations, sea explorers, astronaut, conquistador, travelogue, the History of Science and Technology and Biography. ... The Republican Party, often called the GOP (for Grand Old Party, although one early citation described it as the Gallant Old Party) [1], is one of the two major political parties in the United States. ... Seal of the President of the United States, official impression The President of the United States is the head of state of the United States. ... Savannah Savannah is a city located in (and the county seat of) Chatham County, Georgia. ...


Frémont assisted and led multiple surveying expeditions through the western territory of the United States. In 1838 and 1839 he assisted Joseph Nicollet in exploring the lands between the Mississippi and Missouri Rivers. In 1841, with training from Nicollet, he mapped portions of the Des Moines River, and from 1841 to 1846 he led exploration parties on the Oregon Trail and into the Sierra Nevada. During his expeditions in the Sierra Nevada, it is generally acknowledged that Frémont became the first European American to view Lake Tahoe. He is also credited with determining that the Great Basin had no outlet to the sea. Surveying is concerned with the application of mathematics and physics in obtaining accurate measurements for the determination of the position of points on the Earths surface. ... 1838 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1839 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Joseph Nicolas Nicollet (July 24, 1786–September 11, 1843), also known as Jean-Nicolas Nicollet, was a French geographer and mathematician known for mapping the Upper Mississippi River basin during the 1830s. ... Length 6,270 km Elevation of the source 450 m Average discharge Saint Louis¹: 5,500 m³/s Vicksburg²: 16,800 m³/s Baton Rouge³: 12,800 m³/s Area watershed 2,980,000 km² Origin Lake Itasca Mouth Gulf of Mexico Basin countries United States (98. ... The Missouri River and its tributaries N.P. Dodge Park, Omaha, Nebraska High silt content makes the Missouri (left) noticably lighter than the Mississipi here at their confluence above St. ... 1841 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Des Moines River is a tributary river of the Mississippi River, approximately 525 mi (845 km) long to its farther headwaters, in the upper Midwest of the United States. ... 1846 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... For other uses of the term, see Oregon Trail (disambiguation) The route of the Oregon Trail is shown in red in the western United States Ruts made by wagons on the Oregon Trail in eastern Wyoming, at Register Cliff. ... The Sierra Nevada is a mountain range that is mostly in eastern California. ... Lake Tahoe Lake Tahoe is one of the deepest (1645 feet/501 m), largest (192 sq. ... The Great Basin is a large, arid region of the western United States, commonly defined as the contiguous watershed region, roughly between the Rocky Mountains and the Sierra Nevada, that has no natural outlet to the sea. ...


On January 16, 1847 he was appointed Governor of the new California Territory following the Treaty of Cahuenga which ended the Mexican-American War in California. He served (from 1850 to 1851) as one of the first pair of Senators from California. In 1856 the new Republican Party nominated him as their first presidential candidate, but he lost (see U.S. presidential election, 1856) to James Buchanan. January 16 is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1847 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... State nickname: The Golden State Other U.S. States Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger Official languages English Area 410,000 km² (3rd)  - Land 404,298 km²  - Water 20,047 km² (4. ... The Treaty of Cahuenga ended the fighting of the Mexican-American War in California. ... The Mexican-American War was a war fought between the United States and Mexico between 1846 and 1848. ... 1850 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Events January 23 - The flip of a coin determines whether a new city in Oregon is named after Boston, Massachusetts, or Portland, Maine, with Portland winning. ... Seal of the Senate The Senate is one of the two houses of the Congress of the United States, the other being the House of Representatives. ... State nickname: The Golden State Other U.S. States Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger Official languages English Area 410,000 km² (3rd)  - Land 404,298 km²  - Water 20,047 km² (4. ... 1856 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Seal of the President of the United States, official impression The President of the United States is the head of state of the United States. ... Summary President Franklin Pierce was defeated in his effort to be renominated by the Democrats, who instead selected James Buchanan of Pennsylvania. ... For the economist of this name, see James M. Buchanan. ...


Frémont served as a major general in the American Civil War and declared martial law in Missouri. This declaration led to a conflict with Abraham Lincoln and led to Frémont's removal from command in the West on November 2, 1861. He was re-appointed to a different post (in West Virginia), but lost several battles and resigned his post. Insignia of a United States Air Force Major General German Generalmajor Insignia Major General is a military rank used in many countries. ... The American Civil War was fought in the United States from 1861 until 1865 between the United States – forces coming mostly from the 23 northern states of the Union – and the newly-formed Confederate States of America, which consisted of 11 southern states that had declared their secession. ... Martial law is the system of rules that takes effect (usually after a formal declaration) when a military authority takes control of the normal administration of justice (and usually of the whole state). ... Missouri, named after the Missouri Siouan Indian tribe meaning canoe, is a Midwestern state of the United States with Jefferson City as its capital. ... Abraham Lincoln (February 12, 1809 – April 15, 1865), sometimes called Abe Lincoln and nicknamed Honest Abe, the Rail Splitter, and the Great Emancipator, was the 16th (1861–1865) President of the United States, and the first president from the Republican Party. ... November 2 is the 306th day of the year (307th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 59 days remaining. ... 1861 is a common year starting on Tuesday. ... State nickname: Mountain State Other U.S. States Capital Charleston Largest city Charleston Governor Joe Manchin Official languages English Area 62,809 km² (41st)  - Land 62,436 km²  - Water 376 km² (0. ...


Frémont was appointed Governor of the Arizona Territory from 1878 to 1881. He died of peritonitis in a hotel in New York City. A governor is also a device that regulates the speed of a machine. ... The Arizona Territory was an organized territory of the United States that existed between 1863 and 1912, as well as a territory of the Confederate States of America that existed from 1861 to 1865. ... 1878 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1881 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... A hotel is an establishment that provides lodging, usually on a short-term basis. ... Midtown Manhattan, looking north from the Empire State Building, 2005 New York City (officially named the City of New York) is the most populous city in the state of New York and the entire United States. ...


Four U.S. states named counties in his honor: Colorado, Idaho, Iowa and Wyoming. Also, several cities are named after him, such as Fremont, California and Fremont, Nebraska. A U.S. state is any one of the 50 states which have membership of the federation known as the United States of America (USA or U.S.). The separate state governments and the U.S. federal government share sovereignty. ... Fremont County is a county located in the U.S. state of Colorado. ... Fremont County is a county located in the state of Idaho. ... Fremont County is a county located in the state of Iowa. ... Fremont County is a county located in the state of Wyoming. ... Fremont, California from NASAs Landsat Fremont is a city in California which was incorporated on January 23, 1956, from the merger of five smaller communities: Mission San Jose, Irvington, Niles, Centerville, and Warm Springs. ... Fremont is a city located in eastern Nebraska, in Dodge County, near Omaha. ...


He collected a number of plants on his expeditions, including the first discovery of the Single-leaf Pinyon. The standard botanical author abbreviation Frém. is applied to plants he described. Divisions Green algae land plants (embryophytes) non-vascular embryophytes Hepatophyta - liverworts Anthocerophyta - hornworts Bryophyta - mosses vascular plants (tracheophytes) seedless vascular plants Lycopodiophyta - clubmosses Equisetophyta - horsetails Pteridophyta - true ferns Psilotophyta - whisk ferns Ophioglossophyta - adderstongue ferns seed plants (spermatophytes) †Pteridospermatophyta - seed ferns Pinophyta - conifers Cycadophyta - cycads Ginkgophyta - ginkgo Gnetophyta - gnetae Magnoliophyta - flowering... Binomial name Pinus monophylla Torr. ... In biology, binomial nomenclature is a standard convention used for naming species. ...


References


Random House is a publishing division of Bertelsmann AG. It was founded in 1927 by Bennett Cerf and Donald Klopfer, two years after they had acquired the Modern Library imprint. ...

Preceded by:
(none)
United States Senators from California
1850 – 1851
Succeeded by:
John B. Weller
Preceded by:
(none)
Republican Party Presidential candidate
1856 (lost)
Succeeded by:
Abraham Lincoln


California was admitted to the Union on September 9, 1850. ... John B[ryan?] Weller (February 22, 1812–August 17, 1875) was Governor of California from January 8, 1858 to January 9, 1860 and a Congressman from Ohio, U.S. Senator from California and Ambassador. ... The Republican Party, often called the GOP (for Grand Old Party, although one early citation described it as the Gallant Old Party) [1], is one of the two major political parties in the United States. ... Seal of the President of the United States, official impression The President of the United States is the head of state of the United States. ... Summary President Franklin Pierce was defeated in his effort to be renominated by the Democrats, who instead selected James Buchanan of Pennsylvania. ... Abraham Lincoln (February 12, 1809 – April 15, 1865), sometimes called Abe Lincoln and nicknamed Honest Abe, the Rail Splitter, and the Great Emancipator, was the 16th (1861–1865) President of the United States, and the first president from the Republican Party. ...


 
 

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