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Encyclopedia > John C. Breckinridge
John C. Breckinridge
John C. Breckinridge
This article is about the politician and Confederate General. For other people with similar names, see John Breckinridge.

John Cabell Breckinridge (January 16, 1821May 17, 1875) was a lawyer, U.S. Representative, Senator from Kentucky, the fourteenth Vice President of the United States, a Confederate general in the American Civil War and the last Confederate Secretary of War. http://bioguide. ... http://bioguide. ... John Breckinridge served many positions in government throughout his life. ... January 16 is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1821 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... May 17 is the 137th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (138th in leap years). ... 1875 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... The chamber of the United States House of Representatives is located in the south wing of the Capitol building, in Washington, D.C.. This photograph shows a rare glimpse of the four vote tallying boards (the blackish squares across the top), which display each members name and vote as... Seal of the Senate The United States Senate is one of the two chambers of the Congress of the United States, the other being the House of Representatives. ... Official language(s) English Capital Frankfort Largest city Louisville Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 37th 104,749 km² 225 km 610 km 1. ... The Vice President of the United States is the second-highest executive official of the United States government, the person who, in the words of Adlai Stevenson, is a heartbeat from the presidency, and in the calculation of Vice President John Nance Garner, not worth a bucket of warm piss. ... Some Confederate soldiers The Confederate States Army (CSA) was formed in February, 1861, to defend the Confederate States of America, which had itself been formed that same year when seven southern states seceded from the United States (with four more to follow). ... General is a high military rank, used by nearly every country in the world. ... Combatants United States of America Confederate States of America Commanders Abraham Lincoln† Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis Robert E. Lee Strength 2,213,363 1,064,200 Casualties KIA: 110,100 Total dead: 359,500 Wounded: 275,200 KIA: 74,500 Total dead: 198,500 Wounded: 137,000+  The American... The Secretary of War was a member of the Presidents Cabinet, beginning with George Washingtons administration. ...

Contents


Early life and politics

Breckinridge, grandson of U.S. Senator and Attorney General John Breckinridge, was born at "Cabell's Dale," near Lexington, Kentucky. He graduated from Centre College in Danville, Kentucky, in 1839, later attended the College of New Jersey (now Princeton University), and then studied law at Transylvania University in Lexington. He was admitted to the bar in 1840 and moved to Burlington, Iowa, but soon returned and began practice in Lexington. He was married to Mary Cyrene Burch in 1843. Breckinridge was a major of the 3rd Kentucky Volunteers during the Mexican-American War in 1847 and 1848. In most common law jurisdictions, the Attorney General is the main legal adviser to the government, and in some jurisdictions may in addition have executive responsibility for law enforcement or responsibility for public prosecutions. ... John Breckinridge served many positions in government throughout his life. ... It has been suggested that Fayette County, Kentucky be merged into this article or section. ... Centre College is an accredited, private, four-year liberal arts college located in Danville, Kentucky, USA, a community of about 15,000 located in Boyle County, approximately 35 miles (56. ... Danville is a city located in Boyle County, Kentucky. ... Princeton University, incorporated as The Trustees of Princeton University, located in Princeton, New Jersey, is the fourth-oldest institution to conduct higher education in the United States. ... Transylvania University is a private liberal arts college located in Lexington, Kentucky with approximately 1,100 students. ... U.S. 34 over the Mississippi River in Burlington. ... Combatants United States Mexico Commanders Zachary Taylor Winfield Scott Stephen W. Kearney Antonio López de Santa Anna Strength 60,000 40,000 Casualties KIA: 1,733 Total dead: 13,283 Wounded: 4,152 25,000 (Mexican government estimate) The Mexican-American War was fought between the United States and...


He was a member of the Kentucky House of Representatives in 1849 as a Democrat, and was then elected to the Thirty-second and Thirty-third Congresses (March 4, 1851March 3, 1855). Breckinridge did not run for reelection, and instead was nominated as Minister to Spain by President Franklin Pierce, but declined. He was elected Vice President of the United States, in 1856, on the Democratic ticket with James Buchanan as President. He was the youngest Vice President in U.S. history, elected at the age 35, the minimum age required under the U.S. Constitution. Kentucky House of Representatives is the lower house of the Kentucky General Assembly, the state legislature of Kentucky. ... The Democratic Party is one of the two major political parties in the United States. ... Congress in Joint Session. ... March 4 is the 63rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (64th in leap years). ... 1851 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... March 3 is the 62nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (63rd in leap years). ... 1855 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... A minister or a secretary is a politician who heads a government ministry or department (e. ... Franklin Pierce (November 23, 1804 – October 8, 1869) was an American politician and the 14th President of the United States, serving from 1853 to 1857. ... The Vice President of the United States is the second-highest executive official of the United States government, the person who, in the words of Adlai Stevenson, is a heartbeat from the presidency, and in the calculation of Vice President John Nance Garner, not worth a bucket of warm piss. ... James Buchanan (April 23, 1791 – June 1, 1868) was the 15th president of the United States (1857–1861). ... Page I of the Constitution of the United States of America Page II of the United States Constitution Page III of the United States Constitution Page IV of the United States Constitution The Syng inkstand, with which the Constitution was signed The Constitution of the United States is the supreme...


Breckinridge was an unsuccessful candidate for President in 1860, losing to Abraham Lincoln, and receiving more electoral votes than the other 2 major candidates, John Bell of the Constitutional Union Party, and Stephen A. Douglas, the Northern Democrats' nominee. He had won the South with his pro-slavery platform but was unable to win the border states or the North. He was elected to the United States Senate and served from March 4, 1861, until expelled by resolution of December 4, 1861, for support of the rebellion. Presidential electoral votes by state. ... Abraham Lincoln (February 12, 1809 – April 15, 1865), sometimes called Abe Lincoln and nicknamed Honest Abe, the Rail Splitter, and the Great Emancipator, was the 16th President of the United States (1861 to 1865), and the first president from the Republican Party. ... John Bell (February 15, 1797–September 10, 1869) was a U.S. politician. ... The Constitutional Union Party was a political party in the United States created in 1860. ... Stephen Arnold Douglas (April 23, 1813–June 3, 1861), American politician from Illinois, was one of the Democratic Party nominees for President in 1860 (the other being John C. Breckinridge of Kentucky). ... Seal of the Senate The United States Senate is one of the two chambers of the Congress of the United States, the other being the House of Representatives. ... March 4 is the 63rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (64th in leap years). ... 1861 is a common year starting on Tuesday. ... December 4 is the 338th day (339th on leap years) of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1861 is a common year starting on Tuesday. ...


Civil War

Confederate Major General John C. Breckinridge
Confederate Major General John C. Breckinridge

Breckinridge entered the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War as a brigadier general and soon became a major general, originally commanding the 1st Kentucky Brigade (nicknamed the Orphan Brigade because its men felt orphaned by a state government that did not support the Confederacy). He fought in many battles in the Western Theater, including the Battle of Shiloh, in which he was wounded. He returned east in 1864, during the Overland Campaign, and was wounded again in the Battle of Cold Harbor. He led the famous charge of the VMI cadets at the Battle of New Market on May 14, 1864. Image File history File links General_John_C_Breckinridge. ... Image File history File links General_John_C_Breckinridge. ... Some Confederate soldiers The Confederate States Army (CSA) was formed in February, 1861, to defend the Confederate States of America, which had itself been formed that same year when seven southern states seceded from the United States (with four more to follow). ... Combatants United States of America Confederate States of America Commanders Abraham Lincoln† Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis Robert E. Lee Strength 2,213,363 1,064,200 Casualties KIA: 110,100 Total dead: 359,500 Wounded: 275,200 KIA: 74,500 Total dead: 198,500 Wounded: 137,000+  The American... A Brigadier General, or one-star general, is the lowest rank of general officer in the United States and some other countries, ranking just above Colonel and just below Major General. ... Insignia of a United States Air Force Major General German Generalmajor Insignia Major General is a military rank used in many countries. ... The Orphan Brigade was the nickname of the First Kentucky Brigade, a group of military units recruited from the Commonweath of Kentucky to fight for the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War. ... Western Theater Overview (1861 – 1865) This article presents an overview of major military and naval operations in the Western Theater of the American Civil War. ... Combatants United States of America Confederate States of America Commanders Ulysses S. Grant Don Carlos Buell Albert S. Johnston† P.G.T. Beauregard Strength Army of West Tennessee (33,085 men) and Army of the Ohio (32,000 men) Army of the Mississippi (44,968 men) Casualties 1,754 killed... Ulysses S. Grant Robert E. Lee The Overland Campaign, or Grants Overland Campaign, was a series of battles fought in Virginia during May and June, 1864, in the American Civil War. ... The Battle of Cold Harbor, the final battle of Union Lieut. ... VMI is a 3 letter acronym for: Virginia Military Institute Vendor Managed Inventory This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The Battle of New Market was a battle fought on May 15, 1864, in Virginia during Valley Campaigns of 1864 in the American Civil War. ... May 14 is the 134th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (135th in leap years). ... 1864 (MDCCCLXIV) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ...


In early 1865, Breckinridge was made Secretary of War in the Cabinet of the Confederate States of America, a post he would hold until the end of the war. Breckinridge saw that further resistance on the part of the Confederacy was useless and worked to lay the groundwork for an honorable surrender, even while President Jefferson Davis fiercely desired to continue the fight. The Secretary of War was a member of the Presidents Cabinet, beginning with George Washingtons administration. ... Motto: Deo Vindice (Latin: With God As Our Vindicator) Anthem: God Save the South (unofficial) Dixie (popular) Capital Montgomery, Alabama February 4, 1861–May 29, 1861 Richmond, Virginia May 29, 1861–April 9, 1865 Danville, Virginia April 3–April 10, 1865 Largest city New Orleans February 4, 1861–May 1... The President of the Confederate States was the Head of State of the short-lived republic of the Confederate States of America, which seceded from the United States. ... For other uses, see Jefferson Davis (disambiguation). ...


During the chaos of the fall of Richmond in early April 1865, Breckinridge saw to it that the Confederate archives, both government and military, were not destroyed but rather captured intact by the Union forces. By so doing, he ensured that a full account of the Confederate war effort would be preserved for history. Nickname: River City Motto: Sic Itur Ad Astra Official website: http://www. ...


Breckinridge went with Davis during the flight from Virginia as the Confederacy collapsed, while also assisting General Joseph E. Johnston in his surrender negotiations with William T. Sherman. Breckinridge continued to try to persuade Davis that further resistance would only lead to greater loss of life, but he also felt honor bound to protect the President from harm. Eventually, the two became separated in the confusion of the journey. Joseph E. Johnston Joseph Eggleston Johnston (February 3, 1807 – March 21, 1891) was a career U.S. Army officer and one of the most senior generals in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. ... Portrait of William Tecumseh Sherman by Mathew Brady William Tecumseh Sherman (February 8, 1820 – February 14, 1891) was an American soldier, businessman, and author. ...


Postbellum career and legacy

Breckinridge feared that he would be put on trial for treason by the United States government and resolved to flee the country. In an epic journey, filled with bizarre adventures, he and a small band made their way down the east coast of Florida, eventually sailing across the sea in a tiny boat to reach safety in Cuba. He continued to the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Canada, and the United Kingdom again. He returned to Lexington in March 1869 after being granted amnesty and resumed the practice of law. While turning down suggestions that he become active in politics again, he spoke out strongly against the Ku Klux Klan (an interesting move for a man who had run on a pro-slavery platform). He became vice president of the Elizabethtown, Lexington, and Big Sandy Railroad Company. He died in Lexington and was interred in Lexington Cemetery. In law, treason is the crime of disloyalty to ones nation or state. ... Official language(s) English Capital Tallahassee Largest city Jacksonville Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 22nd 170 451 km² 260 km 800 km 17. ... The Union Flag, in its modern form, was first adopted in 1801. ... Members of the second Ku Klux Klan at a rally during the 1920s. ... Lexington Cemetery (170 acres) is a private, non-profit cemetery and arboretum located at 833 W. Main Street, Lexington, Kentucky. ...


The town of Breckenridge, Colorado was named in honor of the Vice President. Breckenridge is a town located in Summit County, Colorado. ...


References

Preceded by:
Charles Morehead
United States Representative (8th District) from Kentucky
1851 - 1855
Succeeded by:
Alexander Marshall
Preceded by:
William R. King
Democratic Party vice presidential candidate
1856 (won)
Succeeded by:
Herschel Vespasian Johnson (northern candidate),
Joseph Lane (southern candidate)
Preceded by:
William R. King
Vice President of the United States
March 4, 1857March 3, 1861
Succeeded by:
Hannibal Hamlin
Preceded by:
James Buchanan
Democratic Party presidential candidate*
1860 (lost)
Succeeded by:
George McClellan
Preceded by:
John J. Crittenden
United States Senator (Class 3) from Kentucky
1861
Succeeded by:
Garrett Davis
* The Democratic party split in 1860, producing two presidential candidates. Breckinridge was nominated by Southern Democrats; Stephen A. Douglas was nominated by Northern Democrats.
Preceded by:
James Seddon
Secretary of War
of Confederate States

1865
Succeeded by:
none
United States Democratic Party Vice Presidential Nominees Democratic Party
Calhoun | Van Buren | R Johnson | Dallas | Butler | King | Breckinridge | H Johnson/Lane(SD) | Pendleton | Blair | Brown | Hendricks | English | Hendricks | Thurman | Stevenson | Sewall | Stevenson | Davis | Kern | Marshall | Roosevelt | Bryan | Robinson | Garner | Wallace | Truman | Barkley | Sparkman | Kefauver | L Johnson | Humphrey | Muskie | Eagleton/Shriver | Mondale | Ferraro | Bentsen | Gore | Lieberman | Edwards
Vice Presidents of the United States of America Seal of the Vice President of the United States
Adams | Jefferson | Burr | Clinton | Gerry | Tompkins | Calhoun | Van Buren | R Johnson | Tyler | Dallas | Fillmore | King | Breckinridge | Hamlin | A Johnson | Colfax | Wilson | Wheeler | Arthur | Hendricks | Morton | Stevenson | Hobart | Roosevelt | Fairbanks | Sherman | Marshall | Coolidge | Dawes | Curtis | Garner | Wallace | Truman | Barkley | Nixon | L Johnson | Humphrey | Agnew | Ford | Rockefeller | Mondale | Bush | Quayle | Gore | Cheney
United States Democratic Party Presidential Nominees Democratic Party
Jackson | Van Buren | Polk | Cass | Pierce | Buchanan | Douglas/Breckinridge(SD) | McClellan | Seymour | Greeley | Tilden | Hancock | Cleveland | Bryan | Parker | Bryan | Wilson | Cox | Davis | Smith | Roosevelt | Truman | Stevenson | Kennedy | Johnson | Humphrey | McGovern | Carter | Mondale | Dukakis | Clinton | Gore | Kerry

 
 

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