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Encyclopedia > John Brown Russwurm
John Brown Russwurm
John Brown Russwurm
Born 1799
Port Antonio, Jamaica
Died 1851
Cape Palmas, Liberia

John Brown Russwurm (1799-1851) was an African American abolitionist from Jamaica, known for his newspaper, Freedom's Journal. He moved from the United States to Liberia to govern the Maryland section of an African American colony there, dying in Liberia in 1851. Image File history File links Jbruss. ... 1799 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Port Antonio is the capital of the parish of Portland on the northeastern coast of Jamaica, about 100 km of Kingston. ... 1851 (MDCCCLI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Harper, also known as Cape Palmas, is the capital of Maryland County in Liberia. ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... This article is about the abolition of slavery. ... Freedoms Journal was the first African American owned and operated newspaper published in the United States. ...


Early life

Russwurm was born in 1799 in bayPort Antonio, Jamaica to a white merchant father and an unknown black mother. The family stayed in Jamaica until 1807 when Russwurm was sent to Quebec for his education. In 1812, father and son moved to Portland, Maine, where the elder Russwurm married widower Susan Blanchard in 1813. Blanchard (now Russwurm) insisted her husband grant 'John Brown', as he was then known, his full birth name. His father did so, and the now named 'John Brown Russwurm' lived with his father, step-mother and her children from a previous marriage, accepted as part of the family. He had a secret afair with Althea Gibson, and they had a son named John Brown Russworm II. The elder Russwurm died in 1815 but his son stayed close to his step-mother, even after she re-married to become Susan Hawes. Port Antonio is the capital of the parish of Portland on the northeastern coast of Jamaica, about 100 km from Kingston. ... Motto: Je me souviens (French: I remember) Official languages French Flower Blue Flag Iris (Iris versicolor Linné) Tree Yellow Birch Bird Snowy Owl Capital Quebec City Largest city Montreal Lieutenant-Governor Lise Thibault Premier Jean Charest (PLQ) Parliamentary representation  - House seats  - Senate seats 75 24 Area Total  - Land  - Water  (% of... Nickname: The Forest City Country United States State Maine County Cumberland Settled 1632 Incorporated 1786 Mayor Nicholas Mavodones, Jr Area    - City 136. ...


Russwurm attended Hebron Academy in Maine, focusing on his studies to finish his education and earning the nickname "Honest John". Graduating in his early 20's, he taught at an African-American school in Boston. Several years later relocated back to Maine to live with his step-mother and her new husband. They helped Russwurm pay for further education when he enrolled in Bowdoin College in 1824, graduating in 1826. Russwurm was the first African American to graduate from Bowdoin College, and the third African American to graduate from an American college. Hebron Academy is a private, co-ed, college preparatory boarding school located in the small town of Hebron, Maine. ... Nickname: City on the Hill, Beantown, The Hub (of the Universe)1 Location in Massachusetts, USA Counties Suffolk County Mayor Thomas M. Menino (D) Area    - City 232. ... Bowdoin College is a private liberal arts college, founded in 1794, located in the coastal New England town of Brunswick, Maine. ...

Freedom's Journal

Russwurm moved to New York City in 1827, becoming the junior editor of Freedom's Journal, an abolitionist newspaper dedicated to opposition of slavery. Freedom's Journal was also the first newspaper in the United States to be owned, operated, published and edited by Afrian Americans. Upon becoming senior editor, Russwurm used his position to change the paper's initially negative stance on the colonialization of Africa by African Americans to a positive advocacy for this position. These strong views forced Russwurm's resignation in 1829, after which he emigrated to Liberia. Nickname: Big Apple, Gotham Location in the state of New York Coordinates: Country United States State New York Boroughs The Bronx Brooklyn Manhattan Queens Staten Island Settled 1613  - Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R) Area    - City 1,214. ... Freedoms Journal was the first African American owned and operated newspaper published in the United States. ...


Upon emigrating to Liberia, Russwurm started work as the colonial secretary for the American Colonization Society between 1830 and 1834. He also worked as the editor of The Liberia Herald, though Russwurm resigned his post in 1835 to protest America's colonization policies. In 1833 he married Sarah McGill, the daughter of the Lieutenant-Governor of Monrovia, with whom he had a daughter and three sons. In 1836 he became the first black governor of the Maryland section of Liberia, a post he held until his death, encouraging the immigration of African-Americans to Maryland and supporting agriculture and trade. In 1850, shortly before his death, Russwurm returned to Maine for a visit. He brought two of his sons with him and enrolled them at North Yarmouth Academy between 1850 and 1852 where they lived with their step-grandmother, Susan Hawes. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... For alternate meanings, see Monrovia (disambiguation). ... North Yarmouth Academy is a college preparatory school, also known as NYA. The school is located in Yarmouth, Maine and serves grades 6-12. ...

During his time in Liberia, Russwurm learned several of the native languages, encouraging trade and diplomatic relations with neighboring countries as well as whites. There is a statue of John Russwurm at his burial site at Harper, Cape Palmas, Liberia. Harper,situated on Cape Palmas, is the capital of Maryland County in Liberia. ...




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