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Encyclopedia > John Bright
John Bright
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John Bright

John Bright (November 16, 1811March 27, 1889), was a British Radical and Liberal statesman, associated with Richard Cobden in the formation of the Anti-Corn Law League. John Bright Project Gutenberg eText 13103: Great Britain and Her Queen, by Anne E. Keeling http://www. ... John Bright Project Gutenberg eText 13103: Great Britain and Her Queen, by Anne E. Keeling http://www. ... November 16 is the 320th day of the year (321st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 45 days remaining. ... 1811 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... March 27 is the 86th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (87th in Leap years). ... 1889 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... The Radicals were a political grouping in Britain in the early to mid 19th century. ... The Liberal Party was one of the two major British political parties from the early 19th century until the 1920s, and a third party of varying strength and importance up to 1988, when it merged with the Social Democratic Party to form a new party which would become known as... The term statesman is a respectful term used to refer to diplomats, politicians, and other notable figures of state. ... Richard Cobden Richard Cobden (June 3, 1804 - April 2, 1865) was an English manufacturer and radical politician. ... The Corn Laws, in force between 1815 and 1846, were import tariffs ostensibly designed to protect British farmers and landowners, against competition from cheap foreign grain imports. ...


Bright was born at Rochdale in Lancashire -- one of the early centres of the Industrial Revolution. His father, Jacob Bright, was a much-respected Quaker, who had started a cotton mill at Rochdale in 1809. His own father, Abraham Bright, had been a Wiltshire yeoman, who, early in the 18th century, removed to Coventry, where his descendants remained. Jacob Bright had been educated at the Ackworth school of the Society of Friends, and apprenticed to a fustian manufacturer at New Mills. John Bright was his son by his second wife, Martha Wood, daughter of a tradesman of Bolton-le-Moors. She had been educated at Ackworth school, and was a woman of great strength of character and refined taste. There were eleven children of this marriage, of whom John was the eldest surviving son. He was a delicate child, and was sent as a day pupil to a boarding school near his home, kept by William Littlewood. A year at the Ackworth school, two years at a school at York, and a year and a half at Newton, near Clitheroe, completed his education. He learned, he himself said, but little Latin and Greek, but acquired a great love of English literature, which his mother fostered, and a love of outdoor pursuits. In his sixteenth year he entered his father's mill, and in due time became a partner in the business. This article is about the English town. ... Red Lancashire rose Lancashire is a county of England, lying on the Irish Sea. ... The Industrial Revolution was the major technological, socioeconomic and cultural change in the late 18th and early 19th century resulting from the replacement of an economy based on manual labour to one dominated by industry and machine manufacture. ... The Religious Society of Friends, commonly known as Quakers, or Friends, is a religious community founded in England in the 17th century. ... Picking cotton in Georgia Cotton is a soft fiber that grows around the seeds of the cotton plant, a shrub native to the tropical and subtropical regions of both the Old World and the New World. ... 1809 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Wiltshire (abbreviated Wilts) is a large southern English county. ... Look up yeoman in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... The Precinct in Coventry city centre Coventry is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands of England. ... The Religious Society of Friends, commonly known as Quakers, or Friends, is a religious community founded in England in the 17th century. ... A boarding school is a self-contained educational total institution where students not only study but where some or all students may live. ... York is a city in northern England, at the confluence of the Rivers Ouse and Foss. ... Map sources for Clitheroe at grid reference SD745415 Arms of Clitheroe Town Council Clitheroe is a small town in Lancashire, England. ... Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. ... The term English literature refers to literature written in the English language, including literature composed in English by writers not necessarily from England; Joseph Conrad was Polish, Robert Burns was Scottish, James Joyce was Irish, Edgar Allan Poe was American, Salman Rushdie is Indian. ...


In Rochdale, Jacob Bright was a leader of the opposition to a local church-rate. Rochdale was also prominent in the movement for parliamentary reform, by which the town successfully claimed to have a member allotted to it under the Reform Bill. John Bright took part in both campaigns. He was an ardent Nonconformist, proud to number among his ancestors John Gratton, a friend of George Fox, and one of the persecuted and imprisoned preachers of the Religious Society of Friends. His political interest was probably first kindled by the Preston election in 1830, in which Edward Stanley, after a long struggle, was defeated by Henry "Orator" Hunt. But it was as a member of the Rochdale Juvenile Temperance Band that he first learned public speaking. These young men went out into the villages, borrowed a chair of a cottager, and spoke from it at open-air meetings. John Bright's first extempore speech was at a temperance meeting. Bright got his notes muddled, and broke down. The chairman gave out a temperance song, and during the singing told Bright to put his notes aside and say what came into his mind. Bright obeyed, began with much hesitancy, but found his tongue and made an excellent address. On some early occasions, however, he committed his speech to memory. In 1832 he called on the Rev. John Aldis, an eminent Baptist minister, to accompany him to a local Bible meeting. Mr Aldis described him as a slender, modest young gentleman, who surprised him by his intelligence and thoughtfulness, but who seemed nervous as they walked to the meeting together. At the meeting he made a stimulating speech, and on the way home asked for advice. Mr Aldis counselled him not to learn his speeches, but to write out and commit to memory certain passages and the peroration. This "first lesson in public speaking," as Bright called it, was given in his twenty-first year, but he had not then contemplated a public career. He was a fairly prosperous man of business, very happy in his home, always ready to take part in the social, educational and political life of his native town. A founder of the Rochdale Literary and Philosophical Society, he took a leading part in its debates, and on returning from a holiday journey in the East, gave the society a lecture on his travels. A nonconformist is an English or Welsh Protestant of any non-Anglican denomination, chiefly advocating religious liberty. ... 19th-century engraving of George Fox, based on a painting of unknown date. ... The Religious Society of Friends, commonly known as Quakers or Friends, is a religious community who do not have a universal set of doctrines to which all members subscribe but who embrace certain concepts that have been adopted by consensus. ... Preston is a city and local government district in North West England. ... 1830 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Edward George Geoffrey Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby. ... Note: This page is about British political leader Henry Hunt. ... Temperance may refer to: Temperance (virtue) Temperance movement Temperance (Tarot card) Temperance (band) See also Astrud Gilberto, for the album Temperance This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... 1832 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... A Baptist is a member of a Baptist church. ...


He first met Richard Cobden in 1836 or 1837. Cobden was an alderman of the newly formed Manchester corporation, and Bright went to ask him to speak at an education meeting in Rochdale. Cobden consented, and at the meeting was much struck by Bright's short speech, and urged him to speak against the Corn Laws. His first speech on the Corn Laws was made at Rochdale in 1838, and in the same year he joined the Manchester provisional committee which in 1839 founded the Anti-Corn Law League He was still only the local public man, taking part in all public movements, especially in opposition to John Feilden's proposed factory legislation, and to the Rochdale church-rate. In 1839 he built the house which he called "One Ash", and married Elizabeth, daughter of Jonathan Priestman of Newcastle-on-Tyne. Richard Cobden Richard Cobden (June 3, 1804 - April 2, 1865) was an English manufacturer and radical politician. ... 1836 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1837 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Manchester is a city in the North West of England. ... The Corn Laws, in force between 1815 and 1846, were import tariffs ostensibly designed to protect British farmers and landowners, against competition from cheap foreign grain imports. ... 1838 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1839 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1839 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ...

John Bright
John Bright

In November of the same year there was a dinner at Bolton to Abraham Paulton, who had just returned from a successful Anti-Corn Law tour in Scotland. Among the speakers were Cobden and Bright, and the dinner is memorable as the first occasion on which the two future leaders appeared together on a Free Trade platform. Bright is described by the historian of the League as "a young man then appearing for the first time in any meeting out of his own town, and giving evidence, by his energy and by his grasp of the subject, of his capacity soon to take a leading part in the great agitation." John Bright - Project Gutenberg eText 13623 From http://www. ... Location within the British Isles Arms of Bolton, the motto is Latin for Overcome your hinderance Bolton is a town in the Greater Manchester urban area in England, and traditionally part of Lancashire. ... Scottish Executive - official site of the Scottish Executive Scottish Parliament - official site of The Scottish Parliament BBC Scotland - Scottish history, news and travel pages from BBC The Gazetteer for Scotland - Extensive guide to the places and people of Scotland, by the Royal Scottish Geographical Society and University of Edinburgh Scotland... Free trade is an economic concept referring to the selling of products between countries without tariffs or other trade barriers. ...


In 1840 he led a movement against the Rochdale church-rate, speaking from a tombstone in the churchyard, where it looks down on the town in the valley below. A daughter, Helen, was born to him; but his young wife, after a long illness, died of tuberculosis in September 1841. Three days after her death at Leamington, Cobden called to see him. "I was in the depths of grief," said Bright, when unveiling the statue of his friend at Bradford in 1877, "I might almost say of despair, for the life and sunshine of my house had been extinguished." Cobden spoke some words of condolence, but "after a time he looked up and said, 'There are thousands of homes in England at this moment where wives, mothers and children are dying of hunger. Now, when the first paroxysm of your grief is past, I would advise you to come with me, and we will never rest till the Corn Laws are repealed.' I accepted his invitation," added Bright, "and from that time we never ceased to labour hard on behalf of the resolution which we had made." 1840 is a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Headstones in the Japanese Cemetry in Broome, Western Australia A cemetery in rural Spain A typical late 20th century headstone in the United States A headstone, tombstone or gravestone is a marker, normally carved from stone, placed over or next to the site of a burial. ... Tuberculosis is an infection with the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which most commonly affects the lungs (pulmonary TB) but can also affect the central nervous system (meningitis), lymphatic system, circulatory system (miliary TB), genitourinary system, bones and joints. ... take you to calendar). ... Leamington can refer to: Leamington, Ontario, Canada Leamington Spa, Warwickshire, England Leamington Hastings, Warwickshire, England Leamington, Utah, USA HMS Leamington, a naval vessel This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... 1877 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ...


At the general election in 1841 Cobden was returned for Stockport, and in 1843 Bright was the Free Trade candidate at a by-election at Durham. He was defeated, but his successful competitor was unseated on petition, and at the second contest Bright was returned. He was already known as Cobden's chief ally, and was received in the House of Commons with suspicion and hostility. In the Anti-Corn Law movement the two speakers complemented of each other. Cobden had the calmness and confidence of the political philosopher, Bright had the passion and the fervour of the popular orator. Cobden did the reasoning, Bright supplied the declamation, but mingled argument with appeal. No orator of modern times rose more rapidly. He was not known beyond his own borough when Cobden called him to his side in 1841, and he entered parliament towards the end of the session of 1843 with a formidable reputation. He had been all over England and Scotland addressing vast meetings and, as a rule, carrying them with him; he had taken a leading part in a conference held by the Anti-Corn Law League in London had led deputations to the duke of Sussex, to Sir James Graham, then home secretary, and to Lord Ripen and Gladstone, the secretary and under secretary of the Board of Trade; and he was universally recognized as the chief orator of the Free Trade movement. Wherever "John Bright of Rochdale" was announced to speak, vast crowds assembled. He had been so announced, for the last time, at the first great meeting in Drury Lane theatre on March 15, 1843; henceforth his name was enough. He took his seat in the House of Commons as one of the members for Durham on July 28, 1843, and on August 7 delivered his maiden speech in support of a motion by Mr Ewart for reduction of import duties. He was there, he said, "not only as one of the representatives of the city of Durham, but also as one of the representatives of that benevolent organization, the Anti-Corn Law League." A member who heard the speech described Bright as "about the middle size, rather firmly and squarely built, with a fair, clear complexion, and an intelligent and pleasing expression of countenance. His voice is good, his enunciation distinct, and his delivery free from any unpleasant peculiarity or mannerism." He wore the usual Friend's coat, and was regarded with much interest and hostile curiosity on both sides of the House. take you to calendar). ... Stockports Town Hall Stockport is a town in Greater Manchester, in North West England. ... 1843 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... For other places called Durham, see Durham (disambiguation). ... British House of Commons Canadian House of Commons In some bicameral parliaments of a Westminster System, the House of Commons has historically been the name of the elected lower house. ... take you to calendar). ... 1843 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Prince Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex (27 January 1773 – 21 April 1843), was the sixth son of King George III of the United Kingdom and his consort, Queen Charlotte. ... Sir James Robert George Graham, 2nd Baronet (1 June 1792 - 25 October 1861) was a British statesman. ... Frederick John Robinson, 1st Earl of Ripon (November 1, 1782 - January 28, 1859), Frederick John Robinson until 1827, The Viscount Goderich 1827-1833, and The Earl of Ripon 1833 onwards, was a British statesman and Prime Minister (when he was known as Lord Goderich). ... The Right Honourable William Ewart Gladstone (29 December 1809 – 19 May 1898) was a British Liberal statesman and Prime Minister (1868–1874, 1880–1885, 1886 and 1892–1894). ... The President of the Board of Trade the title of a cabinet position in the United Kingdom government. ... Drury Lane is a street in the Covent Garden area of London, running between Aldwych and High Holborn. ... March 15 is the 74th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (75th in Leap years). ... 1843 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... The House of Commons is the lower house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, and is now the dominant branch of Parliament. ... July 28 is the 209th day (210th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 156 days remaining. ... 1843 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... August 7 is the 219th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (220th in leap years), with 146 days remaining. ... A maiden speech is the first speech given by a newly elected representative in such bodies as the House of Commons or the United States House of Representatives. ... William Ewart (1798-1869), English politician, was born in Liverpool on 1 May 1798. ... Durham (IPA: locally, in RP) is a small city in the north east of England. ...


Mr Ewart's motion was defeated, but the movement of which Cobden and Bright were the leaders continued to spread. In the autumn the League resolved to raise £100,000; an appeal was made to the agricultural interest by great meetings in the farming counties, and in November The Times startled the country by declaring, in a leading article, "The League is a great fact. It would be foolish, nay, rash, to deny its importance." In London great meetings were held in Covent Garden theatre, at which William Johnson Fox was the chief orator, but Bright and Cobden were the leaders of the movement. Bright publicly deprecated the popular tendency to regard Cobden and himself as the chief movers in the agitation, and Cobden told a Rochdale audience that he always stipulated that he should speak first, and Bright should follow. His "more stately genius," as John Morley calls it, was already making him the undisputed master of the feelings of his audiences. In the House of Commons his progress was slower. Cobden's argumentative speeches were regarded more sympathetically than Bright's more rhetorical appeals, and in a debate on Villiers's annual motion against the Corn Laws Bright was heard with so much impatience that he was obliged to sit down. The Times is a national newspaper published daily in the United Kingdom. ... Part of the London skyline viewed from the South Bank London is the most populous city in the European Union, with an estimated population on 1 January 2005 of 7. ... The Floral Hall of the Royal Opera House The Royal Opera House is a performing arts venue in London. ... William Johnson Fox (1786-1864) was a religious and political orator, born near Southwold, Suffolk. ... The Right Honourable John Morley, 1st Viscount Morley of Blackburn, PC (1838 - 1923) was a British Liberal statesman and writer. ... The House of Commons is the lower house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, and is now the dominant branch of Parliament. ... George William Frederick Villiers, 4th Earl of Clarendon (January 12, 1800 - June 27, 1870), was an English diplomatist and statesman. ...


In the next session (1845) he moved for an inquiry into the operation of the Game Laws. At a meeting of county members earlier in the day Peel had advised them not to be led into discussion by a violent speech from the member for Durham, but to let the committee be granted without debate. Bright was not violent, and Cobden said that no did his work admirably, and won golden opinions from all men. The speech established his position in the House of Commons. In this session Bright and Cobden came into opposition, Cobden voting for the Maynooth Grant and Bright against it. On only one other occasion—a vote for South Kensington—did they go into opposite lobbies, during twenty-five years of parliamentary life. 1845 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... For other people named Robert Peel, see Robert Peel (disambiguation). ... Maynooth (Maigh Nuad in Irish) is a town located in north County Kildare, Ireland. ... South Kensington is an area in West London - it straddles the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea and the City of Westminster. ...


In the autumn of 1845 Bright retained Cobden in the public career to which Cobden had invited him four years before; Bright was in Scotland when a letter came from Cobden announcing his determination, forced on him by business difficulties, to retire from public work. Bright replied that if Cobden retired the mainspring of the League was gone. "I can in no degree take your place," he wrote. "As a second I can fight, but there are incapacities about me, of which I am fully conscious, which prevent my being more than second in such a work as we have laboured in." A few days later he set off for Manchester, posting in that wettest of autumns through "the rain that rained away the Corn Laws," and on his arrival got his friends together, and raised the money which tided Cobden over the emergency. The crisis of the struggle had come. Peel's budget in 1845 was a first step towards Free Trade. The bad harvest and the potato disease drove him to the repeal of the Corn Laws, and at a meeting in Manchester on July 2, 1846 Cobden moved and Bright seconded a motion dissolving the league. A library of twelve hundred volumes was presented to Bright as a memorial of the struggle. 1845 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Scottish Executive - official site of the Scottish Executive Scottish Parliament - official site of The Scottish Parliament BBC Scotland - Scottish history, news and travel pages from BBC The Gazetteer for Scotland - Extensive guide to the places and people of Scotland, by the Royal Scottish Geographical Society and University of Edinburgh Scotland... Manchester is a city in the North West of England. ... July 2 is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 182 days remaining. ... 1846 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ...


Bright married, in June 1847, Margaret Elizabeth Leatham, of Wakefield, by whom he had seven children, John Albert Bright being the eldest. In the succeeding July he was elected uncontested for Manchester, with Milner Gibson. In the new parliament, he opposed legislation restricting the hours of labour, and, as a Nonconformist, spoke against clerical control of national education. In 1848 he voted for Hume's household suffrage motion, and introduced a bill for the repeal of the Game Laws. When Lord John Russell brought forward his Ecclesiastical Titles Bill, Bright opposed it as "a little, paltry, miserable measure," and foretold its failure. In this parliament he spoke much on Irish questions. In a speech in favour of the government bill for a rate in aid in 1849, he won loud cheers from both sides, and was complimented by Disraeli for having sustained the reputation of that assembly. From this time forward he had the ear of the House, and took effective part in the debates. He spoke against capital punishment, against church-rates, against flogging in the army, and against the Irish Established Church. He supported Cobden's motion for the reduction of public expenditure, and in and out of parliament pleaded for peace. In the election of 1852 he was again returned for Manchester on. the principles of free trade, electoral reform and religious freedom. But war was in the air, and the most impassioned speeches he ever delivered were addressed to this parliament in fruitless opposition to the Crimean War. Neither the House nor the country would listen. "I went to the House on Monday," wrote Macaulay in March 1854, "and heard Bright say everything I thought." His most memorable speech, the greatest he ever made, was delivered on February 23, 1855. "The angel of death has been abroad throughout the land. You may almost hear the beating of his wings," he said, and concluded with an appeal to the prime minister that moved the House as it had never been moved within living memory. 1847 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Wakefield Wakefield is a city in the county of West Yorkshire, England, south of Leeds, and by the River Calder. ... A nonconformist is an English or Welsh Protestant of any non-Anglican denomination, chiefly advocating religious liberty. ... 1848 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... John Russell, 1st Earl Russell (August 18, 1792 - May 28, 1878), known as Lord John Russell before 1861, was a Whig politician who served twice as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom in the mid-19th century. ... 1849 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Benjamin Disraeli, 1st Earl of Beaconsfield (December 21, 1804 - April 24, British Conservative Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and author. ... The Church of Ireland is an autonomous province of the Anglican Communion, operating seamlessly across the border between the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland. ... 1852 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Manchester is a city in the North West of England. ... The Crimean War lasted from 28 March 1854 until 1856 and was fought between Russia and an alliance of the United Kingdom, France, the Ottoman Empire (to some extent), and Piedmont-Sardinia. ... Quotes His imagination resembled the wings of an ostrich. ... 1854 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... February 23 is the 54th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1855 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Angel of Death can refer to several things: The Biblical Angel of death, Azrael The Nazi doctor, Josef Mengele The song by Slayer The Grim Reaper: the scythe-wielding skeleton, personification of death, common in fantasy and science fiction literature and films: Death (Discworld) of Terry Pratchetts Discworld This...


In 1857, Bright's unpopular opposition to the Crimean War led to him losing his seat as member for Manchester. Within a few months, he was elected unopposed as one of the two MP's for Birmingham in 1858. He would hold this position for over thirty years. He delivered the opening address for the Birmingham Central Library in 1882, and in 1888 the city erected a statue of him. John Bright Street, close to the Alexander Theatre in Birmingham, is named in his honour. 1857 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... The Crimean War lasted from 28 March 1854 until 1856 and was fought between Russia and an alliance of the United Kingdom, France, the Ottoman Empire (to some extent), and Piedmont-Sardinia. ... The city from above Centenary Square. ... 1858 is a common year starting on Friday. ... 1882 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1888 is a leap year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar). ...


Bright had much literary and social recognition in his later years. In 1882 he was elected lord rector of the University of Glasgow, and Dr Dale wrote of his rectorial address: "It was not the old Bright." He was given an honorary degree of the University of Oxford in 1886. The Marquess of Salisbury said of him, and it sums up his character as a public man: 1882 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... The University of Glasgow, founded in 1451, is the largest of the three universities in Glasgow, Scotland. ... The University of Oxford, located in the city of Oxford, England, is the oldest university in the English-speaking world. ... 1886 is a common year starting on Friday (click on link to calendar) // Events January 18 - Modern field hockey is born with the formation of The Hockey Association in England. ... Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury (February 3, 1830–August 22, 1903). ...

"He was the greatest master of English oratory that this generation--I thay say several generations--has seen. At a time when much speaking has depressed, has almost exterminated eloquence, he maintained that robust, powerful and vigorous style in which he gave fitting expression to the burning and noble thoughts he desired to utter."

On his death, Bright was buried in the graveyard of the meeting-house of the Religious Society of Friends in Rochdale. The Religious Society of Friends, commonly known as Quakers or Friends, is a religious community who do not have a universal set of doctrines to which all members subscribe but who embrace certain concepts that have been adopted by consensus. ...


See The Life and Spoeches of the Right Hon. John Bright, M.P., by George Barnett Smith, 2 vols. 8vo (1881); The Life of John Bright, M.P., by John M Gilchrist, in Cassell's Representative Biographies (1868); John Bright, by CA Vince (1898); Speeches on Parliamentary Reform by John Bright, M.P., revised by Himself (1866); Speeches on Questions of Public Policy, by John Bright, M.P., edited by JE Thorold Rogers, 2 vols. 8vo (1868); Public Addresses, edited by JE Thorold Rogers, 8vo (1879); Public Letters of the Right Hon. John Bright, MP., collected by HJ Leech (1885). James Edwin Thorold Rogers (1823-1890), English economist, was born at West Meon, Hampshire. ...

Preceded by:
The Duke of Richmond
President of the Board of Trade
1868–1871
Succeeded by:
Chichester Parkinson-Fortescue
Preceded by:
Hugh Childers
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
1873–1874
Succeeded by:
Thomas Edward Taylor
Preceded by:
Thomas Edward Taylor
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
1880–1882
Succeeded by:
The Earl of Kimberley

His Grace The Duke of Richmond and Lennox Charles Henry Gordon_Lennox, 6th Duke of Richmond, 6th Duke of Lennox and 1st Duke of Gordon (February 27, 1818 - September 27, 1903) was a British politician. ... The Secretary of State for Trade and Industry is a cabinet position in the United Kingdom government. ... Chichester Parkinson-Fortescue, 1st Baron Carlingford (18 January 1823–30 January 1898) was a British statesman and Liberal politician of the nineteenth century. ... Caricature from Punch, 1882 Hugh Culling Eardley Childers (June 25, 1827 - January 29, 1896) was a British and Australian Liberal statesman of the nineteenth century. ... The Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster is, in modern times, a sinecure office in the British government. ... The Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster is, in modern times, a sinecure office in the British government. ... John Wodehouse, 1st Earl of Kimberley (1826-1902), English statesman, was born on 7 January 1826, being the eldest son of the Hon. ...

Reference

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