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Encyclopedia > John Bracken

The Honourable Professor John Bracken, PC (June 22, 1883-March 18, 1969) was an agronomist, Premier of Manitoba (1922-1943) and leader of the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada (1942-1948). Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The prefix The Honourable or The Honorable ( or formerly The Honble) is a title of quality attached to the names of certain classes of persons. ... A professor is a senior teacher, lecturer and researcher, usually in a college or university. ... The Queens Privy Council for Canada is the ceremonial council of advisors to the Queen of Canada, whose members are appointed by her Governor General in Canada for life on the advice of the Prime Minister. ... June 22 is the 173rd day of the year (174th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 192 days remaining. ... 1883 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... March 18 is the 77th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (78th in leap years). ... 1969 was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1969 calendar). ... In Canada, a Premier is the head of government of a province. ... Motto: Gloriosus et Liber (Glorious and free) Other Canadian provinces and territories Capital Winnipeg Largest city Winnipeg Lieutenant Governor John Harvard Premier Gary Doer (NDP) Area 647,797 km² (8th)  - Land 553,556 km²  - Water 64,241 km² (14. ... 1922 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1943 is a common year starting on Friday. ... The Progressive Conservative Party of Canada (PC) was a Canadian centre-right conservative political party that existed from 1867 to 2003. ... This article is about the year. ... 1948 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Bracken was born in Ellesville, Ontario, and was educated at the Ontario Agricultural College. He was professor of animal husbandry at the University of Saskatchewan from 1910 to 1920 when he became President of the Manitoba Agricultural College. A professor is a senior teacher, lecturer and researcher, usually in a college or university. ... In a draw in a mountainous region, a shepherd guides a flock of about 20 sheep amidst scrub and olive trees. ... The University of Saskatchewan (U of S) is the largest education institution in the Canadian province of Saskatchewan. ... 1910 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1920 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar) // Events January January 7 - Forces of Russian White admiral Kolchak surrender in Krasnoyarsk. ...


The United Farmers of Manitoba (UFM) won the provincial election of 1922 but did not have a leader, so they asked Bracken to head the party and become Premier of Manitoba. (A similar situation had occurred with Ernest C. Drury when the United Farmers of Ontario won the 1919 election in that province.) The Progressive Party of Manitoba was a political party that developed from the United Farmers of Manitoba, an agrarian movement that became politically active following World War I. A successor to the provinces Grain Growers Association, the UFM represented the interests of farmers frustrated with traditional political parties. ... Categories: Canada-related stubs | Manitoba premiers ... Ernest Charles Drury (January 22, 1878-February 17, 1968) was a farmer, politician and writer who served as Premier of Ontario from 1919 to 1923 as the head of a United Farmers of Ontario - Labour coalition government. ... The United Farmers of Ontario (UFO) were the Ontario section of the nation-wide United Farmers movement that arose in Canada in the early part of the 20th century. ... The Ontario general election, 1919 was the fifteenth general election held in the Province of Ontario, Canada. ...


Bracken was a political outsider, and gave the UFM the professional grounding it needed. The United Farmers generally rejected the partisanship of the Liberal and Conservative parties, and favoured government policies based on independence and principles of business management. Bracken accepted the UFM's request, and won a deferred election in the northern riding of The Pas. The UFM governed as the Progressive Party of Manitoba, and Bracken served as Manitoba's Premier for over twenty years. The Manitoba Liberal Party is a political party in Manitoba, Canada. ... The Progressive Conservative Party of Manitoba is a right-of-centre political party in Manitoba, Canada. ... The Pas is a provincial electoral division in the Canadian province of Manitoba. ... The Progressive Party of Manitoba was a political party that developed from the United Farmers of Manitoba, an agrarian movement that became politically active following World War I. A successor to the provinces Grain Growers Association, the UFM represented the interests of farmers frustrated with traditional political parties. ...


Bracken's government was in most respects conservative and cautious. It was dominated by rural interests, who controlled the Legislative Assembly of Manitoba through an outmoded system of representation. Labour did not fare well under Bracken's leadership; the Premier had little sympathy for the leaders of the Winnipeg General Strike, and once fired a number of government workers to show his independence from organized labour. The Legislative Assembly of Manitoba is located in central Winnipeg, at the meeting point of the Wolseley and Fort Rouge ridings. ... Crowd gathered outside old City Hall during the Winnipeg General Strike, June 21, 1919 The Winnipeg General Strike was Canadas most influential labour protest. ...


In keeping with the UFM's "anti-party" philosophy, Bracken favoured non-partisan government. In 1931, his Progressives formed an alliance with the Manitoba Liberal Party, and the two parties eventually merged into one. In 1940, Bracken formed a wartime coalition government that included the Conservative, Cooperative Commonwealth Federation (CCF) and Social Credit parties. 1931 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... The Manitoba Liberal Party is a political party in Manitoba, Canada. ... 1940 was a leap year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Progressive Conservative Party of Manitoba is a right-of-centre political party in Manitoba, Canada. ... The Manitoba Cooperative Commonwealth Federation (or CCF) was a provincial branch of the national Canadian party by the same name. ... The Manitoba Social Credit Party (originally the Manitoba Social Credit League) was a political party in the Canadian province of Manitoba. ...


When Bracken left provincial politics in 1943, there were only 5 opposition Members of the Legislative Assembly (MLAs) in a 57-member parliament. His coalition remained intact until 1950, although the CCF left in 1943. 1943 is a common year starting on Friday. ... A Member of the Legislative Assembly, or MLA, is a representative elected by the voters of an electoral district to the Legislature or legislative assembly of a subnational jurisdiction. ... 1950 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1943 is a common year starting on Friday. ...


Bracken held several cabinet portfolios in addition to the office of Premier. He served as:

Despite having co-operated with the Liberals at the provincial level, Bracken was asked by a number of senior federal Conservatives (including Arthur Meighen) to take over the leadership of the weak national Conservative Party in 1942. He agreed to seek the party's leadership on the condition that it change its name to the Progressive Conservative Party. He was elected leader at the party's 1942 leadership convention. Bracken stepped down as Manitoba premier shortly thereafter, and was succeeded by Stuart S. Garson. The Secretary of State for Education and Skills is the chief minister of the Department for Education and Skills in the United Kingdom government. ... August 8 is the 220th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (221st in leap years), with 145 days remaining. ... 1922 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... December 3 is the 337th (in leap years the 338th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1923 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... August 10 is the 222nd day of the year (223rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1922 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... December 3 is the 337th (in leap years the 338th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1923 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Minister of Agriculture is a position in several cabinet governments. ... December 3 is the 337th (in leap years the 338th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1923 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... January 12 is the 12th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1925 was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... In Canadian politics the Provincial Treasurer is a senior protfolio in the Executive Council (or cabinet) of provincial governments. ... January 18 is the 18th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1925 was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... May 27 is the 147th day (148th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 218 days remaining. ... 1932 is a leap year starting on a Friday. ... April 29 is the 119th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (120th in leap years). ... 1927 was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... April 19 is the 109th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (110th in leap years). ... 1928 was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... April 19 is the 109th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (110th in leap years). ... 1928 was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... October 25 is the 298th day of the year (299th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 67 days remaining. ... 1930 is a common year starting on Wednesday. ... The Provincial Secretary was a senior position in the executive councils of British North Americas colonial governments, and was retained by the Canadian provincial governments for at least a century after Canadian Confederation was proclaimed in 1867. ... May 10 is the 130th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (131st in leap years). ... 1935 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... November 28 is the 332nd day (333rd on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1939 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... May 10 is the 130th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (131st in leap years). ... 1935 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... November 4 is the 308th day of the year (309th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 57 days remaining. ... 1940 was a leap year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Minister of Agriculture is a position in several cabinet governments. ... April 28 is the 118th day of the year (119th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 247 days remaining. ... 1936 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... September 21 is the 264th day of the year (265th in leap years). ... 1936 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... June 3 is the 154th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (155th in leap years), with 211 days remaining. ... 1936 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... November 4 is the 308th day of the year (309th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 57 days remaining. ... 1940 was a leap year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... November 22 is the 326th day (327th on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1939 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... November 4 is the 308th day of the year (309th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 57 days remaining. ... 1940 was a leap year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... Arthur Meighen (June 16, 1874 – August 5, 1960) was the ninth Prime Minister of Canada from July 10, 1920, to December 29, 1921, and June 29 to September 25, 1926. ... The name which emphasised a revitalised National Policy and links to Britain. ... This article is about the year. ... The Progressive Conservative Party of Canada (PC) was a Canadian centre-right conservative political party that existed from 1867 to 2003. ... This article is about the year. ... The first Progressive Conservative Party of Canada leadership convention was held in 1927, when the party was called the Conservative Party. ... Stuart Sinclair Garson (December 1, 1898-May 5, 1977) was a Canadian politician and lawyer. ...


Bracken did not seek a seat in the House of Commons until the 1945 Canadian election, which the Conservatives lost. Bracken became Leader of the Opposition and remained leader of the Tories until he was pushed to resign in 1948. The House of Commons (French: Chambre des communes) is a component of the Parliament of Canada, which also includes the Sovereign (represented by the Governor General) and the Senate. ... The Canadian parliament after the 1945 election The Canadian federal election of 1945 was the 20th General Election in Canadian history. ... The Leader of the Opposition in Canada is the Member of Parliament in the Canadian House of Commons who leads Her Majestys Loyal Opposition (the body in Parliament recognized as the Official Opposition). ...


It has been argued, with some credibility, that Bracken never succeeded in impressing his personal authority over the national PC organization. As a western populist, he was distrusted by the party's eastern establishment. There are reports that some senior Conservatives wanted him removed as leader as early as 1944. 1944 was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Bracken lost his riding to Liberal James Matthews in the 1949 federal election, and did not return to political life thereafter. This page refers to a Riding as a unit in local government. ... The Canadian federal election of 1949 was the first election in Canada in almost thirty years in which the Liberals were not led by William Lyon Mackenzie King. ...



Preceded by:
Tobias C. Norris
Premier of Manitoba
1922-1943
Succeeded by:
Stuart S. Garson
Preceded by:
Arthur Meighen
(Progressive) Conservative Leaders
Succeeded by:
George Drew


Tobias Crawford Norris (September 5, 1861-1936) was a Manitoba politician and Premier. ... This is a list of the premiers of the province of Manitoba, Canada, since it was created in 1870. ... Stuart Sinclair Garson (December 1, 1898-May 5, 1977) was a Canadian politician and lawyer. ... Arthur Meighen (June 16, 1874 – August 5, 1960) was the ninth Prime Minister of Canada from July 10, 1920, to December 29, 1921, and June 29 to September 25, 1926. ... The Progressive Conservative Party of Canada (PC) was a Canadian centre-right conservative political party that existed from 1867 to 2003. ... George Alexander Drew (May 7, 1894 - January 4, 1973) was a Canadian conservative politician who founded a Tory dynasty in Ontario that lasted 42 years. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
John Bracken - Education - Information - Educational Resources - Encyclopedia - Music (759 words)
John Bracken (June 22, 1883-March 18, 1969) was an agronomist, Premier of Manitoba (1922-1943) and leader of the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada (1942-1948).
Bracken was a political outsider, and gave the UFM the professional grounding it needed.
Bracken became Leader of the Opposition and remained leader of the Tories until he was pushed to resign in 1948.
John Bracken at AllExperts (761 words)
John Bracken, PC (June 22, 1883-March 18, 1969) was an agronomist, Premier of Manitoba (1922-1943) and leader of the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada (1942-1948).
Bracken was born in Ellesville, Ontario, and was educated at the Ontario Agricultural College.
Bracken became Leader of the Opposition and remained leader of the Tories until he was pushed to resign in 1948.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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