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Encyclopedia > John Bartram

John Bartram (b. March 23, 1699, in Darby, Pennsylvania. d. September 22, 1777) was an American botanist. March 23 is the 82nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (83rd in Leap years). ... Events January 26 - Treaty of Karlowitz signed March 30 - the tenth Sikh Master, Guru Gobind Singh created the Khalsa. ... Darby is a borough located in Delaware County, Pennsylvania. ... September 22 is the 265th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (266th in leap years). ... 1777 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Botany is the scientific study of plant life. ...


Bartram was born into a Quaker family. He travelled extensively in the eastern United States collecting plants, from Lake Ontario in the north, to Florida in the south and the Ohio River in the west. Many of his acquisitions were transported to collectors in Europe. The Religious Society of Friends (commonly known as Quakers or Friends) was founded in England in the 17th century. ... Lake Ontario seen from near Wolcott, New York Lake Ontario, bounded on the north by Ontario and on the south by Ontarios Niagara Peninsula and by New York State, is one of the five Great Lakes of North America. ... State nickname: Sunshine State Official languages English Capital Tallahassee Largest city Jacksonville Governor Jeb Bush (R) Senators Bill Nelson (D) Mel Martinez (R) Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 22nd 170,451 km² 17. ... The Ohio River is a principal tributary of the Mississippi River, 1,579 km (981 mi) long in the eastern United States. ... Europe is conventionally considered one of the seven continents which, in this case, is more a cultural and political distinction than a physiogeographic one. ...


Described as the father of American Botany, he founded Bartram Botanical Gardens in Kingsessing on the bank of the Schuylkill, about three miles from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and frequently cited as the first in America. He was one of the co-founders, with Benjamin Franklin, of the American Philosophical Society in 1742. Schuylkill, (pronounced skookle, IPA ), is the name of: The Schuylkill River, a major river of Pennsylvania; Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania, through which the river starts and which the county derivies its name from Two Pennsylvania townships: Schuylkill Township, Chester County, Pennsylvania Schuylkill Township, Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania; and part of the... Independence Hall, as it appears today. ... Benjamin Franklin by Jean-Baptiste Greuze 1777 Benjamin Franklin (January 17, 1706 – April 17, 1790) was one of the most prominent of Founders and early political figures and statesmen of the United States. ... The American Philosophical Society, founded in 1743 by founding father Benjamin Franklin, continues to operate to this day. ... // Events January 24 - Charles VII Albert becomes Holy Roman Emperor. ...


Bartram was particularly instrumental in sending seeds from the New World to European gardeners: many American trees or flowers were first introduced into cultivation in Europe by this route. Before 1743, John Bartram's work was partly financed by an associate of his English Quaker friend, Peter Collinson: Robert James, 8th Earl Petre of Thorndon Hall, Essex who was the foremost collector of American trees and shrubs in Europe. Earl Petre's untimely death in 1743 led to his American tree collection being auctioned off to Woburn, Goodwood and other large English country estates; and thereafter Peter Collinson became Bartrams financier. Bartram's Boxes as they then became known, contained seeds and sometimes dried examples of foliage, and were regularly sent back to Peter Collison for distribution in England to a select list of clients, including John Busch, progenitor of the exotic Loddiges nursery in London. Peter Collinson (1694–1768) was a Fellow of the Royal Society best known for his friendship with Benjamin Franklin and their correspondence about electricity. ... Peter Collinson (1694–1768) was a Fellow of the Royal Society best known for his friendship with Benjamin Franklin and their correspondence about electricity. ... // Introduction Bamboo foliage with black stems (probably Phyllostachys nigra; a bamboo introduced into western cultivation by Loddiges Nursery) The Loddiges family (ocassionally spelt Loddige) managed one of the most notable of the eighteenth and nineteenth century plant nurseries that traded in and introduced exotic plants, trees, shrubs, ferns, plams and...


In 1765 George III made Bartram Royal Botanist, a post he held until his death. 1765 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... George III (George William Frederick) (4 June 1738 – 29 January 1820) was King of Great Britain, and King of Ireland from 25 October 1760 until 1 January 1801, and thereafter King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland until his death. ...


He was married twice, firstly in 1723 to Mary Morris, who bore him two sons, Richard and Isaac, and after her death, in 1729 to Ann Mendenhall who gave birth to five boys and two girls. His third son, William Bartram was to become a famous ornithologist. William Bartram (April 20, 1739 -July 22, 1823) was an American naturalist, the son of John Bartram. ... Ornithology (from the Greek ornitha = chicken and logos = word/science) is the branch of biology concerned with the scientific study of birds. ...



John Bartram High School is located on 67 & Elmwood Ave.


See also

WHAT WHAT! Humphrey Marshall ( October 10, 1722 - November 5, 1801 ) was an American botanist. ... In botanical nomenclature, author citation refers to the person (or team) who valid published the name, i. ... Divisions Green algae land plants (embryophytes) non-vascular embryophytes Hepatophyta - liverworts Anthocerophyta - hornworts Bryophyta - mosses vascular plants (tracheophytes) seedless vascular plants Lycopodiophyta - clubmosses Equisetophyta - horsetails Pteridophyta - true ferns Psilotophyta - whisk ferns Ophioglossophyta - adderstongue ferns seed plants (spermatophytes) †Pteridospermatophyta - seed ferns Pinophyta - conifers Cycadophyta - cycads Ginkgophyta - ginkgo Gnetophyta - gnetae Magnoliophyta - flowering... Botany is the scientific study of plant life. ... This is a list of botanists by their author abbreviation. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
John Bartram (792 words)
BARTRAM (JOHN), an eminent botanist, was born near the village of Darby in Chester county, Pennsylvania, in the year 1701.
John, his youngest son, succeeded him as proprietor of his botanic garden; but it is now chiefly under the superintendence of another son, Mr.
Bartram's communications in zoology were published in the philosophical transactions between the years 1743 and 1749.
New Georgia Encyclopedia: William Bartram in Georgia (1261 words)
Bartram and his twin sister, Elizabeth, were born at their father's house in Kingsessing, outside Philadelphia, on April 9, 1739.
John Stuart, the royal Indian superintendent, provided maps of the Indian country and informed Bartram of an important Indian congress to be held in Augusta in May. Bartram resolved to attend that meeting but spent the intervening time investigating plant life along the Georgia coast during the pleasant spring season.
Bartram visited James Wright, the royal governor, in Savannah and enjoyed the hospitality of "the genteel and polite ladies and gentlemen" of Midway and Sunbury.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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