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Encyclopedia > John Allsebrook Simon, 1st Viscount Simon

The Right Honourable John Allsebrook Simon, 1st Viscount Simon (1873-1954) was a British politician and statesman. Educated at Fettes College in Edinburgh and Wadham College, Oxford, he became a fellow at All Souls and was called to the bar at the Inner Temple in 1899. Simon became a successful lawyer, and entered parliament as a Liberal representing Walthamstow in 1906. He entered the Government as Solicitor-General in 1910, and advanced in 1913 to Attorney-General, in both cases succeeding Rufus Isaacs. In Asquith's coalition government in May 1915, Simon became Home Secretary, but resigned early the next year in protest against the introduction of conscription. The Right Honourable (abbreviated The Rt Hon. ... 1873 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1954 was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Fettes College is a public school located in Edinburgh, Scotland. ... Edinburghs location in Scotland Edinburgh viewed from Arthurs Seat. ... Wadham College is a constituent college of the University of Oxford in the United Kingdom. ... All Souls College (in full: The College of All Souls of the Faithful Departed, of Oxford) is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in the United Kingdom. ... The Inner Temple is one of the four Inns of Court around the Royal Courts of Justice in London, England, to which barristers belong and where they are called to the bar. ... 1899 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... The Liberal Party was one of the two major British political parties from the early 19th century until the 1920s, and a third party of varying strength and importance up to 1988, when it merged with the Social Democratic Party to form a new party which would become known as... Walthamstow is an area of north-east London, England in the London Borough of Waltham Forest. ... 1906 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1910 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1913 is a common year starting on Wednesday. ... Rufus Daniel Isaacs, 1st Marquess of Reading (10 October 1860 - 30 December 1935) was a British politician and jurist. ... Herbert Henry Asquith, 1st Earl of Oxford and Asquith (September 12, 1852 – February 15, 1928) served as the Liberal Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1908 to 1916. ... This article is about the month of May. ... 1915 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... The Secretary of State for the Home Department (the Home Secretary) is the chief United Kingdom government minister responsible for law and order in England and Wales; his or her remit includes policing, the criminal justice system, the prison service, internal security, and matters of citizenship and immigration. ...


After Asquith's fall in late 1916, Simon remained in opposition as an Asquithite Liberal until 1918, and once again after 1922. In 1931, when the Liberals split once again, Simon became leader of the National Liberals who supported protectionism and Ramsay MacDonald's Coalition government, and served as Foreign Secretary under MacDonald, and then as Home Secretary and Deputy Leader of the House of Commons under Baldwin and Chancellor of the Exchequer under Chamberlain. Over this time, Simon's National Liberals became hardly distinguishable from the Conservatives. In 1940, Simon was raised to the peerage as Viscount Simon, of Stackpole Elidor in the County of Pembroke, and became Lord Chancellor in Churchill's government, although he did not sit in the War Cabinet. In 1945 Churchill formed a brief peacetime administration but once again excluded Simon from the Cabinet - an unprecedented move in peacetime. With Churchill's defeat in 1945, Simon retired from public life. 1916 is a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar) // Events January-February January 1 -The first successful blood transfusion using blood that had been stored and cooled. ... 1918 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1922 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1931 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... The National Liberals, also known as Liberal Nationals, were a political party in the United Kingdom who broke away from the Liberal Party. ... James Ramsay MacDonald (October 12, 1866 – November 9, 1937), British politician, was twice Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. ... The position of Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs was created in the United Kingdoms governmental reorganization of 1782, in which the Northern and Southern Departments became the Home and Foreign Offices. ... The Leader of the House of Commons is a member of the Cabinet of the United Kingdom who is responsible for arranging government business in the House of Commons. ... Stanley Baldwin, 1st Earl Baldwin of Bewdley (August 3, 1867 - December 14, 1947) was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom on three separate occasions. ... The Right Honourable Gordon Brown, PC, MP, current Chancellor of the Exchequer The Chancellor of the Exchequer is the ancient title held by the British cabinet minister whose responsibilities are akin to the posts of Minister for Finance or Secretary of the Treasury in other jurisdictions. ... Arthur Neville Chamberlain (18 March 1869–9 November 1940) was a British politician and Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1937–1940. ... The Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain, or Lord Chancellor and in former times Chancellor of England, is one of the most senior and important functionaries in the government of the United Kingdom. ... The Right Honourable Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill, KG, OM, CH, FRS (November 30, 1874 – January 24, 1965) was a British statesman, best known as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom during the Second World War. ... 1945 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ...



Preceded by:
Reginald McKenna
Home Secretary
1915–1916
Succeeded by:
Herbert Samuel
Preceded by:
The Marquess of Reading
Foreign Secretary
1931–1935
Succeeded by:
Sir Samuel Hoare
Preceded by:
Sir John Gilmour
Home Secretary
1935–1937
Succeeded by:
Sir Samuel Hoare
Preceded by:
Neville Chamberlain
Chancellor of the Exchequer
1937–1940
Succeeded by:
Sir Kingsley Wood
Preceded by:
The Viscount Caldecote
Lord Chancellor
1940–1945
Succeeded by:
The Viscount Jowitt



Reginald McKenna (1863-1943) was a Liberal British statesman. ... The Secretary of State for the Home Department (the Home Secretary) is the chief United Kingdom government minister responsible for law and order in England and Wales; his or her remit includes policing, the criminal justice system, the prison service, internal security, and matters of citizenship and immigration. ... Herbert Samuel, 1st Viscount Samuel Herbert Louis Samuel, 1st Viscount Samuel of Mount Carmel and of Toxteth (6 November 1870-2 February 1963) was a British politician and diplomat. ... Rufus Daniel Isaacs, 1st Marquess of Reading (10 October 1860 - 30 December 1935) was a British politician and jurist. ... The position of Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs was created in the United Kingdoms governmental reorganization of 1782, in which the Northern and Southern Departments became the Home and Foreign Offices. ... Samuel John Gurney Hoare, 1st Viscount Templewood (1880-1959), more commonly known as Sir Samuel Hoare, was a British Conservative politician who served in various capacities in the Conservative and National governments of the 1920s and 1930s. ... John Gilmour (1876-1940) was a British Conservative politician who was the first Secretary of State for Scotland. ... The Secretary of State for the Home Department (the Home Secretary) is the chief United Kingdom government minister responsible for law and order in England and Wales; his or her remit includes policing, the criminal justice system, the prison service, internal security, and matters of citizenship and immigration. ... Samuel John Gurney Hoare, 1st Viscount Templewood (1880-1959), more commonly known as Sir Samuel Hoare, was a British Conservative politician who served in various capacities in the Conservative and National governments of the 1920s and 1930s. ... Arthur Neville Chamberlain (18 March 1869–9 November 1940) was a British politician and Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1937–1940. ... The Right Honourable Gordon Brown, PC, MP, current Chancellor of the Exchequer The Chancellor of the Exchequer is the ancient title held by the British cabinet minister whose responsibilities are akin to the posts of Minister for Finance or Secretary of the Treasury in other jurisdictions. ... Sir Howard Kingsley Wood (19 August 1891 - 21 September 1943) was a Conservative British politician. ... Thomas Walker Hobart Inskip, 1st Viscount Caldecote was a British politician who served in many legal posts, culminating in serving as Lord Chancellor from 1939 until 1940. ... The Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain, or Lord Chancellor and in former times Chancellor of England, is one of the most senior and important functionaries in the government of the United Kingdom. ... William Allen Jowitt, 1st Earl Jowitt (15 April 1885 - 16 August 1957), was a British lawyer and politician. ...

Preceded by:
New Creation
Viscount Simon
Succeeded by:
John Gilbert Simon


Viscount Simon is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
US Bazaar.com : Encyclopedia Pages : John Allsebrooke Simon (555 words)
John Allsebrook Simon, 1st Viscount Simon GCSI GCVO OBE PC (28 February 1873 – 11 January 1954) was a British politician and statesman.
Simon became a successful lawyer, and entered Parliament as a Liberal representing Walthamstow at the 1906 general election, later being elected for Spen Valley.
Simon was raised to the peerage as Viscount Simon, of Stackpole Elidor in the County of Pembroke, and became Lord Chancellor in Churchill's government, although he did not sit in the War Cabinet.
John Simon, 1st Viscount Simon at AllExperts (376 words)
Simon became a successful lawyer, and entered Parliament as a Liberal representing Walthamstow in 1906, later being elected for Spen Valley.
In 1940, Simon was raised to the peerage as Viscount Simon, of Stackpole Elidor in the County of Pembroke, and became Lord Chancellor in Churchill's government, although he did not sit in the War Cabinet.
Simon 's portrait (by Frank O. Salisbury, 1944) is in the National Portrait Gallery.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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