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Encyclopedia > John Adams Dix
John Adams Dix


In office
January 15, 1861 – March 6, 1861
Preceded by Philip Thomas
Succeeded by Salmon P. Chase

Born July 24, 1798
Boscawen, New Hampshire, USA
Died April 21, 1879 (aged 80)
New York City, New York, USA
Political party Democratic, Republican
Spouse Catherine Morgan Dix
Profession Politician, Lawyer, Railroad President

John Adams Dix (July 24, 1798April 21, 1879) was an American politician from New York. He served as Secretary of the Treasury, U.S. Senator, and Governor. He was also a distinguished Civil War General. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 456 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (610 × 801 pixel, file size: 157 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) This image is in the public domain in countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years or less. ... The United States Secretary of the Treasury is the head of the United States Department of the Treasury, concerned with finance and monetary matters, and, until 2003, some issues of national security and defense. ... is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1861 (MDCCCLXI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link with display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar) // January 1 - Benito Juárez captures Mexico City January 2 - Friedrich Wilhelm IV of Prussia dies and is succeeded by... is the 65th day of the year (66th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1861 (MDCCCLXI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link with display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar) // January 1 - Benito Juárez captures Mexico City January 2 - Friedrich Wilhelm IV of Prussia dies and is succeeded by... Philip F. Thomas For the actor, see Philip Michael Thomas. ... Salmon Portland Chase (January 13, 1808 – May 7, 1873) was an American politician and jurist in the Civil War era who served as Senator from Ohio, Governor of Ohio, as U.S. Treasury Secretary under President Abraham Lincoln, and Chief Justice of the United States. ... is the 205th day of the year (206th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1798 (MDCCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... Boscawen is a town located in Merrimack County, New Hampshire. ... is the 111th day of the year (112th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1879 (MDCCCLXXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic... The Republican Party is one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States of America, along with the Democratic Party. ... The Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A politician is an individual who is a formally recognized and active member of a government, or a person who influences the way a society is governed through an understanding of political power and group dynamics. ... A lawyer, according to Blacks Law Dictionary, is a person learned in the law; as an attorney, counsel or solicitor; a person licensed to practice law. ... is the 205th day of the year (206th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1798 (MDCCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 111th day of the year (112th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1879 (MDCCCLXXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A politician is an individual who is a formally recognized and active member of a government, or a person who influences the way a society is governed through an understanding of political power and group dynamics. ... “NY” redirects here. ... The United States Secretary of the Treasury is the finance minister of the Federal Government of the United States. ... The United States Senate is the upper house of the U.S. Congress, smaller than the United States House of Representatives. ... This is a list of the Governors of New York. ... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total...

General John Adams Dix

Contents

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 291 × 598 pixelsFull resolution (372 × 765 pixel, file size: 46 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) This image is in the public domain because its copyright has expired in the United States and those countries with a copyright term of life of... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 291 × 598 pixelsFull resolution (372 × 765 pixel, file size: 46 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) This image is in the public domain because its copyright has expired in the United States and those countries with a copyright term of life of...

Biography

Dix was born in Boscawen, New Hampshire. He joined the Artillery as a military cadet at the age of 14. He served in the United States Army, having attained the rank of captain. Boscawen is a town located in Merrimack County, New Hampshire. ... Artillery with Gabion fortification Cannons on display at Fort Point Continental Artillery crew from the American Revolution Firing of an 18-pound gun, Louis-Philippe Crepin, (1772 – 1851) A forge-welded Iron Cannon in Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu. ... The United States Army is the largest and oldest branch of the armed forces of the United States. ...


In 1826, Dix married Catherine Morgan, the adopted daughter of Congressman John J. Morgan, who gave Dix a job overseeing his upstate New York land holdings in Cooperstown. John and Catherine moved to Cooperstown in 1828, and John practiced law in addition to overseeing the land holdings. Dix was appointed Adjutant General of New York State by Governor Throop, he moved to Albany, New York in 1830, and he served as Secretary of State of New York from 1833 to 1839. John Jordan Morgan (1770 - July 29, 1849) was a U.S. Representative from New York, father-in-law of John Adams Dix. ... Cooperstown is a village in Otsego County, New York and is the County Seat. ... Location in Albany County and the State of New York Coordinates: , Country United States State New York County Albany Founded 1614 Incorporated 1686 Government  - Mayor Gerald D. Jennings (D) Area  - City  21. ... Secretary of State is an official in the state governments of 47 of the 50 states of the United States. ...


Dix was elected as a Democrat to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Silas Wright, Jr., and served from 1845 to 1849. He was not a candidate for reelection, having become a candidate for Governor. He was an unsuccessful Free-Soil candidate for Governor in 1848 losing to Hamilton Fish. The Democratic Party is one of two major political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. ... Silas Wright, Jr. ... The Free Soil Party was a short-lived political party in the United States active in the 1848 and 1852 presidential elections, and in some state elections. ... Hamilton Fish Hamilton Fish, (3 August 1808–7 September 1893), born in New York City, was an American statesman who served as Governor of New York, United States Senator and United States Secretary of State. ...


Later, he was appointed postmaster of the city of New York and served from 1860 to 1861. He was appointed United States Secretary of the Treasury by President James Buchanan in 1861. At the outbreak of the Civil War, he sent a telegram to the Treasury agents in New Orleans ordering that: "If any one attempts to haul down the American flag, shoot him on the spot." Although the telegram was intercepted by Confederates, and was never delivered to the Treasury agents, the text found its way to the press, and Dix became one of the first heroes of the North during the Civil War. The saying is found on many Civil War tokens minted during the war, although the wording is slightly modified. The United States Secretary of the Treasury is the head of the United States Department of the Treasury, concerned with finance and monetary matters, and, until 2003, some issues of national security and defense. ... For other uses, see President of the United States (disambiguation). ... James Buchanan (April 23, 1791 – June 1, 1868) was the 15th president of the United States (1857–1861). ... New Orleans is the largest city in the state of Louisiana, United States of America. ... Civil War store card Civil War tokens are token coins that were privately minted and distributed in the United States between 1862 and 1864. ...


At the start of the American Civil War, Dix was appointed a major general in the New York Militia. He joined the Union Army as the highest ranking major general of volunteers during the war, effective May 16, 1861.[1] In the summer of 1861 he commanded the Department of Maryland and the Department of Pennsylvania. That winter, he commanded a regional organization known as "Dix's Command" within Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan's Department of the Potomac.[2] Dix commanded the Department of Virginia from June 1862 until July 1863, and the Department of the East from July 1863 until April 1865. Considered too old for field command, his most distinguished contribution during the war was the suppression of the New York Draft Riots in July 1863.[3] He served as the temporary chairman of the 1866 National Union Convention. Insignia of a United States Air Force Major General German Generalmajor Insignia Major General is a military rank used in many countries. ... The 21st Michigan Infantry, a company of Shermans veterans. ... May 16 is the 136th day of the year (137th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1861 (MDCCCLXI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link with display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar) // January 1 - Benito Juárez captures Mexico City January 2 - Friedrich Wilhelm IV of Prussia dies and is succeeded by... For the 1960s commissioner of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, see George McClellan (police commissioner). ... The New York Draft Riots (July 13 to July 16, 1863; known at the time as Draft Week[1]) were a series of violent disturbances in New York City that were the culmination of discontent with new laws passed by Congress to draft men to fight in the ongoing American... The National Union Convention (also known as the Loyalist Convention, the Southern Loyalist Convention, or the National Loyalists Loyal Union Convention) held on August 14, 15, and 16, 1866 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ...

Dix Token
Dix Token
Portrait of John Adams Dix

He was the United States Minister to France from 1866 to 1869. Image File history File linksMetadata Dix_token. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Dix_token. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (480x610, 63 KB)John Adams Dix by Imogene Robinson Morrell Oil on canvas, 1883 Sight measurement Height: 48. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (480x610, 63 KB)John Adams Dix by Imogene Robinson Morrell Oil on canvas, 1883 Sight measurement Height: 48. ...


He served as the Governor of New York in his seventies, as one of the oldest governors of New York, from January 1873 to December 1874; he was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in November 1874. He suffered another defeat when he ran for the mayor of New York City in 1876. He died in New York City and was interred in the Trinity Church Cemetery. New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Trinity Church Cemetery consists of three separate burial grounds associated with Trinity Church in Manhattan, New York, USA. The first was established in the Churchyard located at 74 Trinity Place at Wall Street and Broadway. ...


Fort Dix, New Jersey, a United States Army post, is named for Dix, as is Dix, Illinois, and several revenue cutters, John A. Dix. Fort Dix is a census-designated place located in Burlington County, New Jersey. ... The United States Army is the largest and oldest branch of the armed forces of the United States. ... A military base is a facility directly owned and operated by and/or for the military or one of its branches that shelters military equipment and personnel, and facilitates training and operations. ... Dix is a village located in Jefferson County, Illinois. ... ...


In addition to his military and public duties, he was the president of the Union Pacific from 1863 to 1868 during construction of the First Transcontinental Railroad. In 1853 he had been president of the Mississippi and Missouri Railroad. In both cases he was the figurehead for rail baron Thomas C. Durant.[4] The Union Pacific Railroad (NYSE: UNP) is the largest railroad in the United States. ... This article refers to a railroad built in the United States between Omaha and Sacramento completed in 1869. ... The Mississippi and Missouri Railroad (M&M Railroad) was the first railroad in Iowa and was chartered in 1853 to build a line between Davenport, Iowa on the Mississippi River and Council Bluffs, Iowa on the Missouri River and was to play an important role in the construction of the... Forecastle with figurehead Grand Turk Figurehead is a carved wooden decoration, often female or bestiary, found at the prow of ships of the 16th to the 19th century. ... Thomas Clark Durant Dr. Thomas Clark Durant, 1820–1885, was an American financier and railroad promoter. ...


References

Secondary sources

  • Eicher, John H., and Eicher, David J., Civil War High Commands, Stanford University Press, 2001, ISBN 0-8047-3641-3.
  • StanKlos.com (2000), John Adams Dix. Retrieved June 8, 2005.
  • Union Pacific Railroad, UP - History of the UP logo. Retrieved June 8, 2005. Timeline that also includes UP presidency successions.
  • Warner, Ezra J., Generals in Blue: Lives of the Union Commanders, Louisiana State University Press, 1964, ISBN 0-8071-0822-7.

2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 159th day of the year (160th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 159th day of the year (160th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Primary sources

  • Dix, Morgan. Memoirs of John Adams Dix. Volume I (1883) online edition
  • Dix Morgan, comp. The Memoirs of John Adams Dix. 2 vols. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1883.
  • Dix, John Adams. Speeches and Occasional Addresses. Volume II (1864) online edition

Notes

  1. ^ Eicher, p. 773. Also appointed on that day were Nathaniel P. Banks and Benjamin Butler, but Dix's name appeared first on the promotion list, meaning that he had seniority over all major generals.
  2. ^ Eicher, pp. 210-11.
  3. ^ Warner, p. 126.
  4. ^ Famous Americans Biography. Retrieved December 18, 2006

Nathaniel Prentiss Banks (January 30, 1816–September 1, 1894), American politician and soldier, was born at Waltham, Massachusetts. ... Benjamin Franklin Butler (November 5, 1818 – January 11, 1893) was an American lawyer and politician who represented Massachusetts in the United States House of Representatives and later served as its governor. ...

External links

Preceded by
Henry A. Foster
United States Senator (Class 3) from New York
18451849
Served alongside: Daniel S. Dickinson
Succeeded by
William H. Seward
Preceded by
Philip Thomas
United States Secretary of the Treasury
1861
Succeeded by
Salmon P. Chase
Preceded by
William Butler Ogden
President of Union Pacific Railroad
18631868
Succeeded by
Thomas A. Scott
Preceded by
John Bigelow
U.S. Minister to France
18661869
Succeeded by
Elihu B. Washburne
Preceded by
Jay Gould
President of Erie Railroad
1872
Succeeded by
Peter H. Watson
Preceded by
John T. Hoffman
Governor of New York
18731874
Succeeded by
Samuel J. Tilden

  Results from FactBites:
 
John Adams Dix - definition of John Adams Dix in Encyclopedia (396 words)
John and Catherine moved to Cooperston in 1828, and John practiced law in addition to overseeing the land holdings.
Dix was appointed Adjutant General of New York State by Governor Throop, he moved to Albany, New York in 1830, and he served as New York State Secretary of State.
Dix was elected as a Democrat to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Silas Wright, Jr.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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