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Encyclopedia > John Abbott
John Joseph Caldwell Abbott
Rank: 3rd (1891-1892)
Date of Birth: March 12, 1821
Place of Birth: St. Andrews, Quebec
Spouse: Mary Bethune
Profession: lawyer
Political Party: Conservative

The Hon. Sir John Joseph Caldwell Abbott, P.C., Q.C., K.C.M.G., B.C.L., D.C.L. (March 12, 1821 - October 30, 1893) was the third Prime Minister of Canada from June 16, 1891 to November 24, 1892.

Born in St. Andrews, Quebec, he was the first native-born prime minister. John Abbott married Mary Bethune (1823-1898) in 1849. The couple had four children.

He received a B.C.L. (Bachelor of Civil Law) from McGill University in 1854 and was a successful lawyer. A pillar of Montreal's English business community, he later became mayor of Montreal in 1887 to 1888.

After long service in the Canadian House of Commons, he was appointed to the Senate of Canada in 1887 and joined Sir John A. Macdonald's cabinet that year as Minister without Portfolio. He also served as Leader of the Government in the Senate from May 12, 1887 - October 30, 1893 (including his term as Prime Minister). Valued for his legal and administrative skills, he soon became one of its leading members.

When Prime Minister Macdonald died in office, Senator Abbott reluctantly accepted the plea of the divided Conservative party that he should lead the government. In his eighteen months in office he revitalized the government and the party. He later attempted to turn government over to John Thompson, but this was politically unfeasible due to anti-Catholic sentiment (Thompson was Catholic). Abbott's health failed and he retired to private life in 1892, whereupon Thompson finally became Prime Minister. Abbott died less than a year later.

Sir John Abbott is buried in the Mount Royal Cemetery, Montreal, Quebec.

John Abbott College in Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue, Quebec is named after him.

See also: List of Montreal mayors

Preceded by:
Sir John A. Macdonald
Prime Minister of Canada
Succeeded by:
Sir John Thompson
Conservative Leader
Preceded by:
Riding was created in 1867
Member of Parliament from Argenteuil
Succeeded by:
Lemuel Cushing, Liberal
Preceded by:
Thomas Christie, Liberal
Member of Parliament from Argenteuil
Succeeded by:
James Crocket Wilson, Lib.-Cons.

  Results from FactBites:
John Abbott - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1002 words)
Abbott was a successful Montreal corporate lawyer and businessman and a practicing Freemason[1].
Abbott was elected to the House of Commons in 1867 as member for Argenteuil.
Sir John Abbott is buried in the Mount Royal Cemetery, Montreal, Quebec.
21st Century Learning Initiative (930 words)
In this John Abbott has been working with 60 world class researchers, educational innovators, thinkers, business leaders and policy-makers from 12 countries in developing a Synthesis of all these concepts and ideas that can be used by policy-makers and community leaders to extend the learning agenda beyond the walls of the school.
Abbott became Director of the Education 2000 Trust which was funded largely by industry and private sponsors to develop ever more appropriate techniques and environments that would enable young people to have confidence in their ability to become life-long learners.
John Abbott's latest book is "The Child is Father of the Man: How Human Learn and Why" (Jan 2000).
  More results at FactBites »



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