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Encyclopedia > John A. Lejeune

Lieutenant General John Archer Lejeune, 13th Commandant of the Marine Corps, was born at Pointe Coupee, Louisiana, on 10 January 1867. He was educated at Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, from which he graduated with a B.A. degree. Subsequently, he secured an appointment as a midshipman at the U.S. Naval Academy, from which he was graduated in 1888. At the expiration of a two-year cruise as a cadet midshipman he was commissioned a second lieutenant in the Marine Corps on 1 July 1890. Image File history File links JohnALejeune. ... The Commandant of the United States Marine Corps is the highest ranking officer of the United States Marine Corps, who is a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and reports to the Secretary of the Navy but not to the Chief of Naval Operations. ... Pointe Coupee Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ... State nickname: Pelican State Official languages None; English and French de facto Capital Baton Rouge Largest city New Orleans at last official government census, but probably Baton Rouge since Hurricane Katrina Governor Kathleen Blanco (D) Senators Mary Landrieu (D) David Vitter (R) Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 31st 134,382 km... January 10 is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1867 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College at Baton Rouge, or simply Louisiana State University (LSU) is a public, coeducational university located in Baton Rouge, Louisiana and the main campus of the Louisiana State University System. ... Motto: Nickname: Founded Incorporated 1699 16 January 1817  County Borough Parrish East Baton Rouge Parish Mayor Melvin Kip Holden Area  - Total  - Water 204. ... For the fishes called midshipman, see Midshipman fish In the navies of English-speaking countries, a midshipman is a subordinate officer, or a commissioned officer of the lowest rank. ... The United States Naval Academy (USNA) is an institution for the undergraduate education of officers of the United States Navy and Marine Corps and is located in Annapolis, Maryland. ... 1888 is a leap year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar). ... Second Lieutenant is the lowest commissioned rank in many armed forces. ... United States Marine Corps Emblem The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is a branch of the U.S. military. ... July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 183 days remaining. ... 1890 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...


Second Lieutenant Lejeune reported for duty on 31 August 1890 at the Marine Barracks, New York, serving at that post until he was detached, joining Marine Barracks, Norfolk, Virginia, on 3 November 1890. From 1 October 1891 to 28 July 1893, Lt Lejeune served on board USS Bennington and was promoted to first lieutenant on 26 February 1892. On 28 August 1893, he reported for duty at the Norfolk Barracks, where he served until 31 July 1897. August 31 is the 243rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (244th in leap years), with 122 days remaining, as the final day of August. ... November 3 is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 58 days remaining. ... October 1 is the 274th day of the year (275th in Leap years). ... 1891 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... July 28 is the 209th day (210th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 156 days remaining. ... 1893 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... The first USS Bennington (PG-4), also known as Gunboat No. ... February 26 is the 57th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1892 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... August 28 is the 240th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (241st in leap years), with 125 days remaining. ... July 31 is the 212th day (213th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 153 days remaining, as the final day of July. ... 1897 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ...


On 2 August 1897, 1stLt Lejeune assumed command of the Marine Guard of USS Cincinnati, on which vessel he served throughout the Spanish-American War. He was detached from Cincinnati 17 February 1899, and on 18 February 1899, joined USS Massachusetts, to command the Marine Guard. He was promoted to captain on 3 March 1899 and left his position on Massachusetts on 10 May 1900. August 2 is the 214th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (215th in leap years), with 151 days remaining. ... 1897 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Combatants United States Spain Commanders {{{commander1}}} {{{commander2}}} Strength {{{strength1}}} {{{strength2}}} Casualties 2,446 combat dead or wounded 5,500 combat dead or wounded {{Campaignbox {{{campaign}}}}} The Spanish-American War took place in 1898, and resulted in the United States of America gaining control over the former colonies of Spain in... February 17 is the 48th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1899 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... February 18 is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... USS Massachusetts (BB-2), an Indiana-class battleship, was the fourth ship of the United States Navy to be named in honor of the sixth state. ... March 3 is the 62nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (63rd in leap years). ... 1899 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... May 10 is the 130th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (131st in leap years). ... 1900 (MCM) is a common year starting on Monday. ...


From 3 July 1900 to 12 November 1900, Capt Lejeune performed recruiting duty at Boston, Massachusetts, and on 22 November 1900 reported at the Marine Barracks, Pensacola, Florida, to command the Marines. From 12 January 1903 to 21 January 1903, Capt Lejeune was on duty at the Norfolk Barracks, going to recruiting duty at New York City on 26 January 1903. He was promoted to major on 3 March 1903 and was on duty at Headquarters, Washington, D.C. from 15 May 1903 to 8 August 1903. July 3 is the 184th day of the year (185th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 181 days remaining. ... November 12 is the 316th day of the year (317th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 49 days remaining. ... Nickname: City on a Hill, Beantown, The Hub (of the Solar System), Athens of America Motto: {{{motto}}} Official website: www. ... November 22 is the 326th day (327th on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... January 12 is the 12th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1903 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... January 21 is the 21st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1903 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... The city is at the center of international finance, politics, entertainment, and culture, and is one of the worlds major global cities (along with London, Tokyo and Paris) with a virtually unrivaled collection of museums, galleries, performance venues, media outlets, international corporations, and stock exchanges. ... January 26 is the 26th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... March 3 is the 62nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (63rd in leap years). ... Washington, D.C. is the capital city of the United States of America. ... May 15 is the 135th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (136th in leap years). ... August 8 is the 220th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (221st in leap years), with 145 days remaining. ...


On 8 August 1903, Maj Lejeune was ordered to USS Panther to command the Marine Battalion on board that vessel, joining 16 August 1903. On 23 October 1903, the battalion, with Maj Lejeune in command, was transferred to USS Dixie. From 16 December 1903 to 21 December 1904, Maj Lejeune was on duty ashore on the Isthmus of Panama in command of this battalion, leaving there on the latter date on board USS Yankee. 1903 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... The first USS Panther, the former Austin, an auxiliary cruiser built by William Cramp and Sons, Philadelphia, Pa. ... August 16 is the 228th day of the year (229th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... October 23 is the 296th day of the year (297th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 69 days remaining. ... December 16 is the 350th day of the year (351st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... December 21 is the 355th day of the year (356th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1904 is a leap year starting on a Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Isthmus of Panama is the narrow strip of land between the Caribbean Sea and Pacific Ocean which links North America and South America. ... El Norte—a steamer built in 1892 at Newport News, Va. ...


From 27 January 1905 to 20 May 1906, Maj Lejeune served at the Marine Barracks, Washington, D.C. He then returned to Panama in command of a battalion of Marines from 29 May to 6 July 1906, the battalion being transported both ways on board USS Columbia. This was detached duty, and on 29 March 1907, Maj Lejeune was detached from command of the Washington Barracks and ordered to the Philippines. January 27 is the 27th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1905 (MCMV) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 20 May is the 140th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (141st in leap years). ... 1906 (MCMVI) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Marine Barracks, Washington, D.C. is located at 8th and I streets in Washington, D.C.. Established by the U.S. Marine Corps in 1801, it is an historical site and home to the Commandant and to enlisted Marines who perform ceremonial functions, such as honor guards and funeral escorts. ... May 29 is the 149th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (150th in leap years). ... July 6 is the 187th day of the year (188th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 178 days remaining. ... 1906 (MCMVI) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Seven United States Navy ships have been named USS Columbia, after the personification of the United States, also after the city of Columbia, South Carolina. ... March 29 is the 88th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (89th in Leap years). ... 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ...


Arriving in the Philippines on 2 May 1907, Maj Lejeune assumed command of the Marine Barracks and Naval Prison, Navy Yard, Cavite, on 6 May 1907. He assumed commanded of the First Brigade of Marines on 15 June 1908 and was promoted to lieutenant colonel on 13 May 1909. He was detached on 8 June 1909 and ordered to return to the United States. May 2 is the 122nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (123rd in leap years). ... 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Cavite is a province of the Philippines located on the southern shores of Manila Bay in the CALABARZON region in Luzon, just 30 kilometers south of Manila. ... May 6 is the 126th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (127th in leap years). ... 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... June 15 is the 166th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (167th in leap years), with 199 days remaining. ... 1908 (MCMVIII) is a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... In the U.S. Army, Air Force and Marine Corps, a lieutenant colonel is a commissioned officer superior to a major and inferior to a colonel. ... May 13 is the 133rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (134th in leap years). ... 1909 (MCMIX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... June 8 is the 159th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (160th in leap years), with 206 days remaining. ... 1909 (MCMIX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ...


Lieutenant Colonel Lejeune embarked on board USS Ohio on 26 May 1912 with the Second Regiment, First Provisional Brigade Marines for Cuba. He disembarked at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, on 8 June 1912 and was in command of the District of Santiago from 9 June to 14 July 1912. On 15 July 1912, LtCol Lejeune embarked on board USS Prairie and sailed for Colon, Panama. July 18-29, 1912 was spent at Camp Elliott, Panama. USS Ohio (BB-12), a Maine-class pre-Dreadnought battleship, was the third ship of the United States Navy named for the 17th state. ... May 26 is the 146th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (147th in leap years). ... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday. ... Map of Cuba with location of Guantánamo Bay indicated. ... June 8 is the 159th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (160th in leap years), with 206 days remaining. ... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday. ... June 9 is the 160th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (161st in leap years), with 205 days remaining. ... July 14 is the 195th day (196th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 170 days remaining. ... July 15 is the 196th day (197th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 169 days remaining. ... Prairie, formerly Morgan Liner S.S. El Sol, was built in 1890 by William Cramp and Sons, Philadelphia, Pa. ... Col n is a sea port city on the Caribbean Sea coast of Panama. ...


After returning to the United States, LtCol Lejeune was again called upon for expeditionary duty. He sailed from Philadelphia, 20 February 1913 as second in command of the First Regiment, Second Provisional Brigade Marines and disembarked 27 February 1913, at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. He returned to Philadelphia on board USS Prairie on 2 May 1913. Independence Hall, as it appears today. ... February 20 is the 51st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1913 (MCMXIII) is a common year starting on Wednesday. ... February 27 is the 58th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1913 (MCMXIII) is a common year starting on Wednesday. ... May 2 is the 122nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (123rd in leap years). ...


On 27 November 1913, he sailed from New York with the 2d Advanced Base Regiment, his ultimate destination Vera Cruz, Mexico, but returned to the United States to receive his promotion to colonel on 25 February 1914. Col Lejeune and his unit eventually landed in Mexico on 22 April 1914 and participated in the occupation of the city. He returned home in December 1914, this time to report to Marine Corps Headquarters in Washington, D.C., to become assistant to the Major General Commandant of the Marine Corps. He was promoted to brigadier general on 29 August 1916. November 27 is the 331st day (332nd on leap years) of the year. ... See: Veracruz (city) (Mexico) Veracruz (state) (Mexico) Vera Cruz, Indiana Vera Cruz, Bahia, Brazil Vera Cruz, São Paulo, Brazil This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Colonel is a military rank of a commissioned officer, with the corresponding ranks existing in nearly every country in the world. ... February 25 is the 56th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1914 (MCMXIV) is a common year starting on Thursday. ... April 22 is the 112th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (113th in leap years). ... The Commandant of the United States Marine Corps is the highest ranking officer of the United States Marine Corps, who is a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and reports to the Secretary of the Navy but not to the Chief of Naval Operations. ... August 29 is the 241st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (242nd in leap years), with 124 days remaining. ... 1916 (MCMXVI) is a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar) // Events January-February January 1 -The first successful blood transfusion using blood that had been stored and cooled. ...


With the outbreak of World War I, BGen Lejeune assumed command of the newly constructed Marine Barracks, Quantico, Virginia. His overseas service was, however, inevitable, and in June 1918, he arrived at Brest, France. He was promoted to major general 1 July 1918. World War I was primarily a European conflict with many facets: immense human sacrifice, stalemate trench warfare, and the use of new, devastating weapons - tanks, aircraft, machine guns, and poison gas. ... Quantico, Virginia is in Prince William County, 23 miles north-northeast of Fredericksburg, Virginia, near Dumfries and Stafford along Highway 619. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... Location within France Brest, at the tip of Brittany Brest is a city in the Bretagne région, north-west France, sous-préfecture of the Finistère département. ... July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 183 days remaining. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ...


Upon reporting to the commander of the American Expeditionary Forces, he was assigned to command a brigade of the 32nd Division and assumed command of the 4th Brigade of Marines of the 2d Division immediately following the attack of the division in the Soissons offensive. On 28 July 1918, MajGen Lejeune assumed command of the 2d Division and remained in that capacity until August 1919, when the unit was demobilized. He was the first Marine officer to hold an Army divisional command, and following the Armistice he led his division in the march into Germany. Officers of the American Expeditionary Forces and the Baker mission The American Expeditionary Force or AEF was the United States military forces in World War I. The AEF helped the French defend the Western Front during the Aisne Offensive in May. ... July 28 is the 209th day (210th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 156 days remaining. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The armistice treaty between the Allies and Germany was signed in a railway carriage in woods near Compiègne on November 11th, 1918, and marked the end of the First World War on the Western Front. ...


During that war he was recognized by the French Government as a strategist and leader, as evidenced by the Legion of Honor, and the Croix de Guerre bestowed upon him by that people. From General John J. Pershing he received the Distinguished Service Medal (Army). The Navy Distinguished Service Medal was conferred upon him when he returned to the United States following the occupation of Germany. French Legion of Honor The Légion dhonneur (in Legion of Honor (AmE) or Legion of Honour (ComE)) is an Order of Chivalry awarded by the President of France. ... The Croix de guerre is a military decoration of both Belgium and France which was first created in 1915. ... General John Pershing John Joseph Black Jack Pershing (September 13, 1860 – July 15, 1948) was an officer in the United States Army. ... This article concerns the United States Army Distinguished Service Medal. ... The Navy Distinguished Service Medal is a military award of the United States Navy and United States Marine Corps which was first created in 1919. ...


In October 1919, he again was appointed Commanding General, Marine Barracks, Quantico, Virginia. He was appointed as Major General Commandant of the Marine Corps on 1 July 1920. Subsequent to that time, he left his headquarters at Washington several times for tours of inspection in Haiti, Santo Domingo, Cuba, Puerto Rico, to the West Coast and elsewhere. 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 183 days remaining. ... 1920 (MCMXX) is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar) // Events January January 7 - Forces of Russian White admiral Kolchak surrender in Krasnoyarsk. ... Santo Domingo from space, May 1992 Plaza Colón Santo Domingo, population 2,061,200 (2003), is the capital of the Dominican Republic. ...


Upon the expiration of his second term as Commandant, MajGen Lejeune indicated his desire not to retire from the Marine Corps, but was relieved as Commandant in March 1929. On 10 November 1929, he retired in order to accept the position of superintendent of the Virginia Military Institute, serving there until poor health necessitated his resignation in October 1937. In February 1942, he was advanced to the rank of lieutenant general on the Marine Corps retired list. 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... November 10 is the 314th day of the year (315th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 51 days remaining. ... 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Virginia Military Institute (VMI), located in Lexington, Virginia, is the oldest state military college in the United States and the nations only classical state military college: all VMI students are cadets. ... 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... This article is about the year. ...


Lieutenant General Lejeune died 20 November 1942 at the Union Memorial Hospital, Baltimore, Maryland, and was interred in the Arlington National Cemetery with full military honors. Today, Camp Lejeune, North Carolina, bears his name and he is often referred to as "the greatest of all Leathernecks," having served more than 40 years with the Marine Corps. November 20 is the 324th day of the year (325th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... Baltimore skyline at dusk Motto: The Greatest City in America (formerly The City That Reads; BELIEVE is not the official motto but rather a specific campaign) Nickname: Charm City Mob Town B-more Location in Maryland Founded Incorporated 30 July 1729 1797  County Independent city Borough Parrish Mayor Martin J... Arlington Cemetery Arlington National Cemetery, in Arlington, Virginia, is an American military cemetery established during the American Civil War on the grounds of Robert E. Lees home. ... Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune is near Jacksonville, North Carolina, on the Atlantic seaboard of the United States. ... State nickname: Tar Heel State; Old North State Official languages English Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Governor Michael Easley (D) Senators Elizabeth Dole (R) Richard Burr (R) Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 28th 139,509 km² 9. ...


Lieutenant General Lejeune's awards include: Navy Distinguished Service Medal; Distinguished Service Medal (Army); Sampson Medal (USS Cincinnati); Spanish Campaign Medal; Marine Corps Expeditionary Medal with three Bronze stars for Panama, Cuba, and the Dominican Republic; Mexican Service Medal; World War I Victory Medal with St. Mihiel Champagne, Meuse-Argonne, and Defensive Sector Clasp for World War I; Second Nicaraguan Campaign Medal; French Legion of Honor (Commander); and French Croix de Guerre with Palm. The Navy Distinguished Service Medal is a military award of the United States Navy and United States Marine Corps which was first created in 1919. ... This article concerns the United States Army Distinguished Service Medal. ... The Sampson Medal is a military decoration of the United States Navy which was first authorized in 1901. ... Army Spanish Campaign Medal The Spanish Campaign Medal was a military award of the United States Armed Forces which recognized those members of the U.S. military who had served in the Spanish-American War. ... The Marine Corps Expeditionary Medal is a decoration of the United States Marine Corps which was first created on May 8, 1919. ... Army & Navy Mexican Service Medals The Mexican Service Medal is an award of the United States military which was established by General Orders of the United States War Department on December 12, 1917. ... The World War I Victory Medal is a decoration of the United States military which was first created in 1919. ... First and Second Nicaraguan Campaign Medals The Nicaraguan Campaign Medal is a military decoration of the United States Navy which was authorized by Presidential Order of Woodrow Wilson on September 22, 1913. ... French Legion of Honor The Légion dhonneur (in Legion of Honor (AmE) or Legion of Honour (ComE)) is an Order of Chivalry awarded by the President of France. ... The Croix de guerre is a military decoration of both Belgium and France which was first created in 1915. ...


On November 10, 2005, the United States Postal Service issued the Distinguished Marines stamps in which Lejeune was honored. [1]


This article includes text from the public domain Marine Corps History and Museum web site. The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...

Preceded by:
Gen. George Barnett
Commandant of the United States Marine Corps
1920—1929
Succeeded by:
Gen. Wendall C. Neville

 
 

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