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Encyclopedia > John, Cardinal of Lorraine

John of Lorraine (April 9, 1498, Bar-le-DucMay 18, 1550, Neuvy-sur-Loire) was cardinal of Lorraine, archbishop of Reims, Lyon and Narbonne, bishop of Metz, Toul, Verdun, Thérouanne, Luçon, Albi, Valence, Nantes and Agen. John was the son of René II, Duke of Lorraine and younger brother of Antoine, Duke of Lorraine and Claude, Duke of Guise. He is considered a corrupt ruler who before he died squandered most of the wealth which he had derived from these and other benefices. Part of his ecclesiastical preferment he gave up in favour of his nephews. He became a member of the royal council in 1530, and in 1536 was entrusted with an embassy to Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor. Although a complaisant helper in Francis's pleasures, he was disgraced in 1542, and retired to Rome. He was extremely dissolute, but as an open-handed patron of art and learning, as the protector and friend of Erasmus, Marot and Rabelais he did something to counter-balance the general unpopularity of his calculating brother, the duke of Guise. April 9 is the 99th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (100th in leap years). ... Events Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama visits Quelimane and Moçambique in southeastern Africa. ... Bar-le-Duc is a town in northeastern France, in the Meuse département, of which it is the préfecture (capital). ... May 18 is the 138th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (139th in leap years). ... Events February 7 - Julius III becomes Pope. ... Lorraine can refer to: the historical independent duchy and later French province of Lorraine: see Lorraine (province). ... The Archdiocese of Reims was founded (as a diocese) around 250 by St. ... City motto: Avant, avant, Lion le melhor. ... Cathedral in Narbonne. ... Location within France Rhine watershed Metz is a city in the North-East of France, capital of the Lorraine région and of the département of Moselle (57). ... Cathédrale Saint-Étienne de Toul Toul is a historic fortified town of France, a sous-préfecture of the Meurthe-et-Moselle département. ... Verdun (German: Wirten, official name before 1970 Verdun-sur-Meuse) is a city and commune in Lorraine, northeast France, in the Meuse département, of which it is a sous-préfecture. ... Thérouanne is a commune of northern France. ... Location within France Albi is a city and commune in southern France. ... Valence is a scientific term in chemistry to describe electrons in the outermost orbital. ... City motto: Favet Neptunus eunti. ... Agen is a city and commune located in the Aquitaine région in southern France, on the river Garonne. ... René II (May 2, 1451–December 10, 1508) was count of Vaudemont from 1470, Duke of Lorraine from 1473, and Duke of Bar and titular King of Aragon, Naples, Sicily and Jerusalem from 1483 to his death. ... Antoine (June 4, 1489 – June 14, 1544), known as the Good, was Duke of Lorraine from 1508 to his death. ... Claude of Lorraine (October 20, 1496 _ April 12, 1550) was the first Duke of Guise, from 1528 to his death. ... Events June 25 - Augsburg confession presented to Charles V of Holy Roman Empire. ... // Events February 2 - Spaniard Pedro de Mendoza founds Buenos Aires, Argentina. ... Charles V Holy Roman Emperor and King of Spain Charles V (Spanish: Carlos I, Dutch: Karel V, German: Karl V.) (24 February 1500–21 September 1558) was effectively (the first) King of Spain from 1516 to 1556 (in principle, he was from 1516 king of Aragon and from 1516 guardian... Francis I (French: François Ier) (September 12, 1494 – July 31, 1547), called the Father and Restorer of Letters (French: le Père et Restaurateur des Lettres), was crowned King of France in 1515 in the cathedral at Reims and reigned until 1547. ... Events War resumes between Francis I of France and Emperor Charles V. This time Henry VIII of England is allied to the Emperor, while James V of Scotland and Sultan Suleiman I are allied to the French. ... Erasmus Desiderius Erasmus Roterodamus (also Desiderius Erasmus of Rotterdam) (October 27, probably 1466 – July 12, 1536) was a Dutch humanist and theologian. ... Marot is the name of several persons: Clément Marot (1496-1544), a French poet of the Renaissance period Daniel Marot (1661-1752), a French Protestant, architect, furniture designer and engraver at the forefront of the classicizing Late Baroque Louis XIV style This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid... François Rabelais (ca. ...


This article incorporates text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, which is in the public domain. Supporters contend that the Eleventh Edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica (1911) represents, in many ways, the sum of knowledge at the beginning of the 20th century. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...


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  Results from FactBites:
 
House Of Guise - LoveToKnow 1911 (3801 words)
HOUSE OF GUISE, a cadet branch of the house of Lorraine.
The partition between the brothers Anthony and Claude was ratified by a further agreement in 1530, reserving the lapsed honours of the kingdoms of Jerusalem, Sicily, Aragon, the duchy of Anjou and the countships of Provence and Maine to the duke of Lorraine.
The Guises, as cadets of the sovereign house of Lorraine and descendants of the house of Anjou, claimed precedence of the Bourbon princes.
Charles of Lorraine (cardinal) - LoveToKnow 1911 (348 words)
CHARLES (1525-1574), cardinal of Lorraine, French statesman, was the second son of Claude of Lorraine, duke of Guise, and brother of Francis, duke of Guise.
He was archbishop of Reims in 1538, and cardinal in 1547.
At first he was called the cardinal of Guise, but in 1550, on the death of his uncle John, cardinal of Lorraine, he in his turn took the style of cardinal of Lorraine.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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