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Encyclopedia > Johannesburg Ring Road

The Johannesburg Ring Road is one of Africa's most famous "beltways" or ring roads/orbitals. It is made up of a subset of the freeways that circle the city of Johannesburg, South Africa and services the Greater Johannesburg Metropolitan Area. Construction on the Ring Road began in the late 1960s. Sections of the Eastern Bypass first opened in 1971, and the last section of the Southern Bypass opened in 1986. A beltway (American English), ring road or orbital motorway (British English) is a circumferential highway found around many cities. ... The term orbital has several meanings: in physics and chemistry it is used to describe an atomic electron configuration, see also molecular orbital and atomic orbital. ... Johannesburg is heavily dependent upon freeways for transporation around the city due to its location 1500 metres above sea level, far from the coast or any major bodies of water. ... Johannesburgs skyline as seen from the observation deck of the Carlton Centre. ... The Republic of South Africa is a large republic located at the southern tip of the continent. ... The Greater Johannesburg Metropolitan Area is the official name of the area surrounding the city of Johannesburg, in South Africa. ... Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s - 1960s - 1970s 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010s Years: 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 Events and trends The 1960s was a turbulent decade of change around the world. ... 1971 is a common year starting on Friday (click for link to calendar). ... 1986 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

The Ring Road had two major aims when it was built: first, to allow traffic not destined for Johannesburg to bypass the city along a number of high-speed freeways in quick and easy fashion; and second, to allow for the mobility of the South African Army to defend the then aparthied state from hostile neighbours, or to quell violence in Black townships during a state of emergency. Over the years, however, as Johannesburg has grown, the Ring Road has now become frequently used by local residents for commuting between home and work. The South African Army is the army of South Africa. ... Apartheid (ap-ar-taet) is the policy and the system of laws implemented and enforced by White minority governments in South Africa from 1948 till 1990; and by extension any legally sanctioned system of racial segregation. ... In South Africa, the term township applies to many types of urban areas, however, under Apartheid, the term township commonly came to mean a single-race residential development which confined non-whites (Africans, coloureds and Indians) who lived near or worked in white-only communities. ...

The road is comprised of three freeways that converge on the city, and form an 80 kilometre (50 mile) loop around it: the N3 Eastern Bypass, which links Johannesburg with Durban; the N1 Western Bypass, which links Johannesburg with Pretoria and Cape Town; and the N12 Southern Bypass, which links Johannesburg with Witbank and Kimberley. The N3 was built exclusively with asphalt, while the N12 and N1 sections were made with concrete, hence the nickname given to the N1 Western Bypass: "The Concrete Highway." In spite being up to 12 lanes wide in some areas (six lanes in either direction), the Johannesburg Ring Road is frequently clogged with traffic. The Gillooly's Interchange, built on an old farm and the point at which the N3 Eastern Bypass and the R24 Airport Freeway intersect, is purported to be the busiest interchange in the Southern Hemisphere. The N12 Southern Bypass, which cuts a concrete swathe through the rocky hills of southern Johannesburg, is apparently very reminiscent of the freeways of Los Angeles, and together with Johannesburg's sunshine, renders a real Southern California feel to that part of the city. A typical freeway with an interchange in the foreground Rush hour on the Harbor Freeway in downtown Los Angeles A typical rural freeway (Interstate 5 in the Central Valley of California). ... A city is an urban area, differentiated from a town, village, or hamlet by size, population density, importance, or legal status. ... The N3 Eastern Bypass is a section of the Johannesburg Ring Road that forms an orbital around the city of Johannesburg, South Africa. ... Durban is a vibrant cosmopolitian city in KwaZulu-Natal Province, South Africa. ... The N1 Western Bypass, also known as the Concrete Highway, is a section of the Johannesburg Ring Road located in the city of Johannesburg, South Afirca. ... Pretoria is one of South Africas three capital cities, serving as the executive (administrative) capital; it is situated in the province of Gauteng. ... The central area of Cape Town as seen from Table Mountain. ... The N12 Southern Bypass is a section of the Johannesburg Ring Road located in the city of Johannesburg, South Africa. ... Witbank is situated on the highveld of Mpumalanga, South Africa. ... Kimberley is a town in South Africa, and the capital of the Northern Cape. ... Asphalt is a highly viscous liquid that occurs naturally in most crude petroleums. ... This article is about the largest city in California. ... Southern California Los Angeles San Diego Southern California, sometimes called SoCal, is an informal name for the southern one-third of the state of California. ...

  Results from FactBites:
Johannesburg: Weather and Much More from Answers.com (4700 words)
Johannesburg is located in the eastern plateau area of South Africa, known as the Highveld, at an elevation of 1753 metres.
Johannesburg is served by a bus fleet operated by Metrobus, a corporate unit of the City of Johannesburg.
Johannesburg is served by the public universities University of the Witwatersrand and the University of Johannesburg.
Johannesburg Travel Guide (1951 words)
The capital of South Africa’s smallest province, Gauteng, Johannesburg is the economic powerhouse of Africa with its ever-growing suburban sprawl creeping outwards from the central city skyscrapers and ring-road motorways.
Johannesburg today is a city of contrasts, with glass-paned modern luxury high-rise buildings towering beside a few remaining dilapidated Victorian buildings, and affluent northern suburbs filled with stunning private homes giving way to the squalid streets and tiny shoebox houses of the massive Soweto township in the south.
Johannesburg is a sprawling city and the lack of convenient and safe public transport is often an obstacle to visitors.
  More results at FactBites »



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