FACTOID # 7: The top five best educated states are all in the Northeast.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
 
WHAT'S NEW
RELATED ARTICLES
People who viewed "Johannesburg" also viewed:
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Johannesburg

Coordinates: 26°12′16″S, 28°2′44″E Johannesburg may refer to: Johannesburg, South Africa Johannesburg, California Johannesburg Mountain in Washington, United States The Johannesburg Declaration, enacted in 2002 Johannesburg (horse) (born 1999), a racehorse from Kentucky Category: ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Johannesburg
Johannesburg skyline with the Hillbrow Tower in the background
Johannesburg skyline with the Hillbrow Tower in the background
Flag of Johannesburg
Flag
Official seal of Johannesburg
Seal
Nickname: Joburg; Jozi; Egoli (City of Gold); Gauteng Maboneng (City of Lights); Joburg my Joburg, Joni; Africa's greatest City
Motto: Unity in Development
Location of Johannesburg
Map of South Africa showing Johannesburg's location
Map of South Africa showing Johannesburg's location
Coordinates: 26°08′S 27°54′E / -26.133, 27.9
Country South Africa
Province Gauteng
Established 1886
Government
 - Mayor Amos Masondo
Area [1]
 - Total 1,644.96 km² (635.1 sq mi)
Elevation 1,753 m (5,751 ft)
Population (2007)[2]
 - Total 3,888,180
 - Density 2,364/km² (6,122.7/sq mi)
Time zone SAST (UTC+2)
Area code(s) 011
Website: www.joburg.org.za

Johannesburg (pronounced /jō-hān'ĭs-bûrg'/) is the largest and most populous city in South Africa. Johannesburg is the provincial capital of Gauteng, the wealthiest province in South Africa, having the largest economy of any metropolitan region in Sub-Saharan Africa. The city is one of the 40 largest metropolitan areas in the world ([1]), it is Africa's most advanced city, and one of Africa's only two global cities, the other being Cairo according to the Globalization and World Cities group's 1999 inventory, which classified it as a gamma world city)[3]. While Johannesburg does not form one of South Africa's three capital cities, it does house the Constitutional Court – South Africa's highest court. Hillbrow Tower The Hillbrow Tower is a tall mast located in the suburb of Hillbrow in Johannesburg, South Africa. ... Flag ratio: 2:3 Flag ratio: 2:3 The current design of the Flag of Johannesburg was adopted on 16 May 1997, replacing a previous version of the flag that had been in service since 20 October 1902. ... // A nickname is a name of an entity or thing that is not its proper name. ... For other uses, see Motto (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (700x718, 40 KB)A map of the Municipalities of Gauteng. ... Image File history File links Sf-map. ... A map of the nine provinces of South Africa South Africa is currently divided into nine provinces. ... Categories: South Africa stubs | Provinces of South Africa | Gauteng Province ... The Mayor of Johannesburg is the chief executive of the Johannesburg City Council and the highest elected position in the city of Johannesburg, South Africa. ... Amos Mosando (born 1953 - ) is the current mayor of the city of Johannesburg, South Africa. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Time zones of Africa: Striped colours indicate countries observing daylight saving South African Standard Time, or SAST, is a time zone used by all of South Africa, in addition to Lesotho and Swaziland. ... Eastern European Time Central Africa Time Israel Standard Time South Africa Standard Time Central European Summer Time West Africa Summer Time Category: ... A telephone numbering plan is a plan for allocating telephone number ranges to countries, regions, areas and exchanges and to non-fixed telephone networks such as mobile phone networks. ... Pronunciation refers to: the way a word or a language is usually spoken; the manner in which someone utters a word. ... A province is a territorial unit, almost always a country subdivision. ... Not to be confused with capitol. ... Capital Johannesburg Largest city Johannesburg Area  - Total Ranked 9th 17,010 km² Premier (List) Mbhazima Shilowa (ANC) Population   - 2001   - 1996   - Density (2001) Ranked 2nd 8,837,172 7,348,423 520/km² (Ranked 1st) Languages isiZulu (21. ... Satellite image of Africa, showing the ecological break that defines the sub-Saharan area Sub-Saharan Africa is a geographical term used to describe the area of the African continent which lies south of the Sahara, or those African countries which are fully or partially located south of the Sahara. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... “World city” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Cairo (disambiguation). ... The South African Constitutional Court was established in 1994 by South Africas first democratic constitution: the Interim Constitution of 1993. ...


Johannesburg is the source of a large-scale gold and diamond trade, due to its location on the mineral-rich Witwatersrand range of hills. Johannesburg is served by O.R. Tambo International Airport, the largest and busiest airport in Africa and a gateway for international air travel to and from the rest of southern Africa. GOLD refers to one of the following: GOLD (IEEE) is an IEEE program designed to garner more student members at the university level (Graduates of the Last Decade). ... This article is about the mineral. ... This article is about economic exchange. ... For other uses, see Mineral (disambiguation). ... Witwatersrand is a low mountain range which runs through Gauteng in South Africa. ... OR Tambo International Airport (IATA: JNB, ICAO: FAJS) is a large airport near the city of Johannesburg, Gauteng, South Africa. ... Categories: Africa geography stubs | Southern Africa ...


According to the 2007 Community Survey, The population of the Greater Johannesburg Metropolitan Area is almost eight million. The population of the municipal city is almost 4 million. Johannesburg's land area of 1,645 square kilometres (635 sq mi) is very large when compared to other cities, resulting in a population density of 2,364 inhabitants per square kilometre (6,123/sq mi). Johannesburg also encompasses Soweto to the south west, a township that the apartheid government established to accommodate the large number of migrant workers. It should be noted that Johannesburg and Pretoria are beginning to act as one functional entity, connecting the province of Gauteng together and forming one Megacity of roughly 10 million people. The Greater Johannesburg Metropolitan Area is the official name of the area surrounding the city of Johannesburg, in South Africa. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... For the township in Namibia, see Soweto (Namibia). ... Children in a township near Cape Town in 1989 In South Africa, the term township usually refers to the (often underdeveloped) urban residential areas that, under Apartheid, were reserved for non-whites (principally black Africans and Coloureds, who were put into separate townships or locations) who lived near or worked... A segregated beach in South Africa, 1982. ... Migrant farm worker, New York A migrant worker is someone who regularly works away from home, if they even have a home. ... Motto: Praestantia Praevaleat Pretoria (May Pretoria Be Pre-eminent In Excellence) Country Province Established 1855 Area  - Total 1,644 km² (634. ...


Gauteng (as a city) is growing rapidly, due to mass urbanisation that is a feature of many developing countries. According to the State of the Cities Report, the urban portion of Gauteng – comprised primarily of the cities of Johannesburg, Ekurhuleni (the East Rand) and Tshwane (greater Pretoria) – will be a polycentric urban region with a projected population of some 14.6 million people by 2015, making it one of the largest cities in the world.

Contents

History

The farm where gold was first discovered in 1886.
The farm where gold was first discovered in 1886.
The Central Business District of Johannesburg around 1931.
Main article: History of Johannesburg

The region is the surrounding Johannesburg was originally inhabited by San tribes Rock paintings. By the 1200s, groups of Nthu people started moving southwards from central Africa and encrouched on the indigenous San population. White trekboers started entering the area from the Cape Colony after 1860. Gold was discovered in the 1880s and triggered the gold rush. Gold farm File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Gold farm File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... For other uses, see Farm (disambiguation). ... GOLD refers to one of the following: GOLD (IEEE) is an IEEE program designed to garner more student members at the university level (Graduates of the Last Decade). ... Download high resolution version (1000x747, 90 KB)Johannesburg 1931 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Download high resolution version (1000x747, 90 KB)Johannesburg 1931 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Farm where gold was first discovered in 1886. ... GOLD refers to one of the following: GOLD (IEEE) is an IEEE program designed to garner more student members at the university level (Graduates of the Last Decade). ... The Witwatersrand Gold Rush and the establishment of Johannesburg, South Africa are closely connected. ...


Gold was initially discovered some 400 km to the east of present-day Johannesburg, in Barberton. Gold prospectors soon discovered that there were even richer gold reefs in the Witwatersrand. Gold was discovered at Langlaagte, Johannesburg in 1886. Barberton, Mpumalanga Province, South Africa (25°47′S 31°03′E) is situated in the De Kaap Valley and is surrounded by the Mkhonjwa Mountains. ... Prospecting is the physical search for minerals, fossils, precious metals or mineral specimens, and is also known as fossicking. ... Witwatersrand is a low mountain range which runs through Gauteng in South Africa. ...


Johannesburg was a dusty settlement some 90km from the Transvaal Republic capital which was Pretoria. The town was much the same as any small prospecting settlement, but, as word spread, people flocked to the area from all other regions of the country, as well as from North America, the United Kingdom and Europe. See Charles van Onselen: New Nineveh and New Babylon. As the value of control of the land increased, tensions developed between the Boer government in Pretoria and the British, culminating in the South African War. The Boers lost the war and control of the area was ceded to the British. Controversy surrounds the origin of the name, as there were any number of people with the name "Johannes" who were involved in the early history of the city. The principal clerk attached to the office of the surveyor-general, Johannes Rissik, Christiaan Johannes Joubert, member of the Volksraad and the Republic's chief of mining, Paul Kruger, President of the Zuid Afrikaansche Republiek (Transvaal). Rissik and Joubert were members of a delegation sent to England to attain mining rights for the area. Joubert had a park in the city named after him and Rissik street is today a main street where the (now dilapidated) Post Office and City Hall are located. Motto: Praestantia Praevaleat Pretoria (May Pretoria Be Pre-eminent In Excellence) Country Province Established 1855 Area  - Total 1,644 km² (634. ... This article is about the Boer people (Boerevolk). ... Boer guerrillas during the Second Boer War There were two Boer wars, one in 1880-81 and the second from October 11, 1899-1902 both between the British and the settlers of Dutch origin (called Boere, Afrikaners or Voortrekkers) in South Africa that put an end to the two independent... The Volksraad was the parliament of the former South African Republic (ZAR) (also sometimes referred to as the Transvaal Republic), which existed from 1857 to 1902 in part of what is now the Republic of South Africa. ... Flag of Transvaal For the Russian theme park, see Transvaal Park. ...


Currently the Johannesburg Metropolitan Council is implementing a large scale Inner City Revival project, leading to some business moving back to the inner city.


Government

Ponte City Apartments in Johannesburg
Ponte City Apartments in Johannesburg
Main articles: City of Johannesburg Metropolitan Municipality and Regions of Johannesburg

During the apartheid era, Johannesburg was divided into 11 local authorities, seven of which were white and four black or coloured. The white authorities were 90% self-sufficient from property tax and other local taxes, and spent ZAR 600 (USD 93) per person, while the black authorities were only 10% self-sufficient, spending R 100 (USD 15) per person. Ponte City Apartments is a skyscraper in the Hillbrow neighbourhood of Johannesburg, South Africa. ... City motto: Unity in Development Province Gauteng Mayor Amos Masondo Area  - % water 1,644 km² 0. ... The administration of Johannesburg has been decentralised into 11 regions. ... In the South African, Namibian, Zambian and Zimbabwean context, the term Coloured (also known as Bruinmense, Kleurlinge or Bruin Afrikaners in Afrikaans) refers to a heterogeneous group of people who posess some degree of sub-Saharan ancestry, but not enough to be considered Black under South African law. ... Property tax, millage tax is an ad valorem tax that an owner of real estate or other property pays on the value of the property being taxed. ... Taxes redirects here. ... ISO 4217 Code ZAR User(s) Common Monetary Area: Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa, and Swaziland Inflation 5. ... The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States. ...


The first post-apartheid City Council was created in 1995. The council adopted the slogan "One City, One Taxpayer" in order to highlight its primary goal of addressing unequal tax revenue distribution. To this end, revenue from wealthy, traditionally white areas would help pay for services needed in poorer, black areas. The City Council was divided into four regions, each with a substantially autonomous local regional authority that was to be overseen by a central metropolitan council. Furthermore, the municipal boundaries were expanded to include wealthy satellite towns like Sandton and Randburg, poorer neighbouring townships such as Soweto and Alexandra, and informal settlements like Orange Farm. An autonomous region or autonomous district is a subnational region with special powers of self-rule. ... Central Sandton Sandton is a town in the northern part of the Greater Johannesburg Metropolitan Area, South Africa in the Gauteng Province. ... Randburg is a city in Gauteng, South Africa. ... For the township in Namibia, see Soweto (Namibia). ... Alexandra (sometimes nicknamed Alex) is a township located in Gauteng province, South Africa. ... Orange Farm is a suburb of Johannesburg, Gauteng Province, South Africa. ...


In 1999, Johannesburg appointed a city manager in order to reshape the city's ailing financial situation. The manager, together with the Municipal Council, drew up a blueprint called "Igoli 2002". This was a three-year plan that called upon the government to sell non-core assets, restructure certain utilities, and required that all others become self-sufficient. The plan took the city from near insolvency to an operating surplus of R 153 million (USD 23.6 million). Insolvency is a financial condition experienced by a person or business entity when their assets no longer exceed their liabilities (commonly referred to as balance-sheet insolvency) or when the person or entity can no longer meet its debt obligations when they come due (commonly referred to as cash-flow... Surplus means the quantity left over, after conducting an activity; the quantity which has not been used up, and can refer to: budget surplus, the opposite of a budget deficit economic surplus Surplus product or surplus value in Marxian economics physical surplus in the economic theory of Piero Sraffa Operating...


Following the creation of the City of Johannesburg Metropolitan Municipality, Johannesburg was divided into eleven administrative regions (these regions did not correspond to the areas governed by the former local authorities). In 2006, the number of administrative regions was consolidated, from eleven to seven.[4]


Crime

According to the Johannesburg Victim Survey (1993–1997) the crime most afflicting the city's residents between 1993 and 1997 was burglary, with nearly a quarter of the respondents (24%) reporting this crime to the survey. The second most frequently reported incidents were violent crimes: mugging and robbery (16.5%) and assault (15.5%). The vast majority of assaults were of a serious nature, with 84% involving the use of a weapon.[5]


After the Group Areas Act was scrapped in the early 1990s, Johannesburg was affected by urban blight. Thousands of poor, mostly black, people, who had been forbidden to live in the city proper, moved into the city from surrounding black townships like Soweto. Many immigrants from economically beleaguered and war torn African nations flooded into South Africa, with Johannesburg the most Northerly major city and therein a logical choice. Crime levels rose, and especially the rate of violent crime. Many buildings were abandoned by landlords, especially in high-density areas, such as Hillbrow. Many corporations and institutions, including the stock exchange, moved their headquarters away from the city centre, to suburbs like Sandton. By the late 1990s, Johannesburg was rated as one of the most dangerous cities in the world. A conversation with a longtime resident revealed that the downtown city center is now called "Little Nigeria" as gangs from that country have capitalized on the seedy atmosphere and set up profitable organized crime rackets. He also claimed that travel to the city center is tantamount to risking one's life. The Group Areas Act of 1950 (Act No. ... Symptoms of urban blight: graffiti-covered abandoned and deteriorating buildings and garbage-strewn vacant lots. ... For the township in Namibia, see Soweto (Namibia). ... A landlord, is the owner of a house, apartment, condominium, or real estate which is rented or leased to an individual or business, who is called the tenant. ... Hillbrow is the inner city residential neighbourhood of Johannesburg, Gauteng Province, South Africa. ... The Johannesburg Stock Exchange or the JSE Securities Exchange is largest stock exchange in Africa and one of the ten largest in the world. ... Central Sandton Sandton is a town in the northern part of the Greater Johannesburg Metropolitan Area, South Africa in the Gauteng Province. ...


Reviving the city centre is one of the main aims of the municipal government of Johannesburg. Drastic measures have been taken to reduce crime in the city. These measures include closed-circuit television on street corners. Statistics show that crime levels in Johannesburg have dropped as the economy has stabilised and begun to grow.[6] In an effort to prepare Johannesburg for the 2010 FIFA World Cup, local government has enlisted the help of former New York mayor Rudy Giuliani to help bring down the crime rate, as the opening and closing matches of the tournament will be played in the city.[7] This article refers to a surveillance system. ... The 2010 FIFA World Cup will be the 19th FIFA World Cup, an international tournament for football, that is scheduled to take place between 11 June and 11 July 2010 in South Africa. ... Rudolph William Louis Rudy Giuliani (pronounced ;[1] born May 28, 1944) is an American lawyer, businessman, and politician from the state of New York who was Mayor of New York City from 1994 to 2001. ...


Geography and climate

Johannesburg is located in the eastern plateau area of South Africa known as the Highveld, at an elevation of 1,753 metres (5,751 ft). The former CBD is located on the south side of the prominent ridge called the Witwatersrand (Afrikaans: White Water's Ridge) and the terrain falls to the north and south. By and large the Witwatersrand marks the watershed between the Limpopo and Vaal rivers. The north and west of the city has undulating hills while the eastern parts are flatter. The Highveld is a high plateau area of South Africa which includes the largest metropolitan area in the country, Johannesburg. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... CBD may stand for: Central business district Convention on Biological Diversity Cannabidiol, a cannabinoid from Cannabis sativa (hemp). ... Witwatersrand is a low mountain range which runs through Gauteng in South Africa. ... Look up Appendix:Afrikaans and Dutch Swadesh lists in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


The city enjoys a dry, sunny climate, with the exception of occasional late afternoon downpours in the summer months of October to April. Temperatures in Johannesburg are usually fairly mild thanks to the city's high altitude, with the average maximum daytime temperature in January of 26 °C (79 °F), dropping to an average maximum of around 16 °C (61 °F) in June. Winter is the sunniest time of the year, with cool days and cold nights. The temperature occasionally drops to below freezing at night, causing frost. Snow is a rare occurrence, with snowfall having been experienced in May 1956, September 1981, and August 2006 (light). Snow fell again on 27 June 2007,[8] accumulating up to 10 centimeters (3.9 in) in the southern suburbs. Regular cold fronts pass over in winter bringing very cold southerly winds but usually clear skies. The annual average rainfall is 713 millimetres (28.1 in), which is mostly concentrated in the summer months. Infrequent showers occur through the course of the winter months. Frost on black pipes Frost is a solid deposition of water vapor from saturated air. ... For other uses, see Snow (disambiguation). ... is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ...


Despite the relatively dry climate, Johannesburg has over ten million trees,[9] and it is now the biggest man-made forest in the world, followed by Graskop in Mpumalanga that is the second biggest.[10] Many trees were originally planted in the northern areas of the city at the end of the 19th century, to provide wood for the mining industry. The areas were developed by the Randlord, Hermann Eckstein, a German immigrant, who called the forest estates Sachsenwald. The name was changed to Saxonwold, now the name of a suburb, during World War I. Early (white) residents who moved into the areas (Parkhurst, Parktown, Parkview, Westcliff, Saxonwold, Houghton Estate, Illovo, Hyde Park, Dunkeld, Melrose, Inanda, Sandhurst) now collectively referred to as the Northern Suburbs retained many of the original trees and planted new ones, with the encouragement of successive city councils. In recent years, however, a considerable number of trees have been felled, to make way for the Northern Suburbs' residential and commercial redevelopment. Randlord is a term used to denote the entrepreneurs who controlled the diamond and gold mining industries in South Africa in its pioneer phase from the 1870s up to World War I. A small number of European adventurers and financiers, largely of the same generation, gained control of the diamond... Hermann Eckstein Hermann Eckstein & wife Minnie c1880 The second Corner House, Johannesburg c1890 Hermann Ludwig Eckstein (3 August 1847 – 16 January 1893) was a South African mining magnate and banker. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ...

Weather averages for Johannesburg
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 35 (95) 34 (93) 32 (90) 29 (84) 26 (79) 23 (73) 24 (75) 26 (79) 31 (88) 32 (90) 33 (91) 32 (90) 35 (95)
Average high °C (°F) 26 (79) 25 (77) 24 (75) 21 (70) 19 (66) 16 (61) 17 (63) 19 (66) 23 (73) 24 (75) 24 (75) 25 (77) 22 (72)
Average low °C (°F) 15 (59) 14 (57) 13 (55) 10 (50) 7 (45) 4 (39) 4 (39) 6 (43) 9 (48) 11 (52) 13 (55) 14 (57) 10 (50)
Record low °C (°F) 7 (45) 6 (43) 2 (36) 1 (34) -3 (27) -8 (18) -5 (23) -5 (23) -3 (27) 0 (32) 2 (36) 4 (39) -8 (18)
Precipitation mm (inches) 125 (4.9) 90 (3.5) 91 (3.6) 54 (2.1) 13 (0.5) 9 (0.4) 4 (0.2) 6 (0.2) 27 (1.1) 72 (2.8) 117 (4.6) 105 (4.1) 713 (28.1)
Source: South African Weather Service [11] 26 July 2007

is the 207th day of the year (208th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ...

Demographics

Geographical distribution of home languages in Johannesburg.

According to the 2001 South African National Census, the population of Johannesburg is 3,225,812 people, though including the East Rand and other suburban areas it's around 7 million, consisting of people who live in 1,006,930 formal households, of which 86% have a flush or chemical toilet, and 91% have refuse removed by the municipality at least once a week. 81% of households have access to running water, and 80% use electricity as the main source of energy. 22% of Johannesburg residents stay in informal dwellings. 66% of households are headed by one person. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (943x638, 159 KB) Summary All Stats SA products are protected by copyright. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (943x638, 159 KB) Summary All Stats SA products are protected by copyright. ... Statistics South Africa is the national statistics board of South Africa. ... For other uses, see Toilet (disambiguation). ... This article is about waste matter. ... Electricity (from New Latin Ä“lectricus, amberlike) is a general term for a variety of phenomena resulting from the presence and flow of electric charge. ...


Black Africans account for 73% of the population, followed by whites at 16%, coloureds at 6% and Asians at 4%. 42% of the population is under the age of 24, while 6% of the population is over 60 years of age. 37% of city residents are unemployed. 91% of the unemployed are black. Women comprise 43% of the working population. 19% of economically active adults work in wholesale and retail sectors, 18% in financial, real estate and business services, 17% in community, social and personal services and 12% are in manufacturing. Only 0.7% work in mining. In the South African, Namibian, Zambian and Zimbabwean context, the term Coloured (also known as Bruinmense, Kleurlinge or Bruin Afrikaners in Afrikaans) refers to a heterogeneous group of people who posess some degree of sub-Saharan ancestry, but not enough to be considered Black under South African law. ... Unemployment rates in the United States. ... Real estate is a legal term that encompasses land along with anything permanently affixed to the land, such as buildings. ... This article is about mineral extractions. ...


34% of Johannesburg residents speak Nguni languages at home, 26% speak Sotho languages, 19% speak English, and 8% speak Afrikaans. 29% of adults have graduated from high school. 14% have higher education (University or Technical school). 7% of residents are completely illiterate. 15% have primary education. For the cattle breed see Nguni cattle. ... The Sotho language group is a group of three closely related Bantu languages spoken in Southern Africa including Setswana, Sesotho, and Sesotho sa Leboa. ... Look up Appendix:Afrikaans and Dutch Swadesh lists in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other uses, see High school (disambiguation). ... For the community in Florida, see University, Florida. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Literacy is the ability to use text to communicate across space and time. ...


34% use public transportation to commute to work or school. 32% walk to work or school. 34% use private transportation to travel to work or school. A taxi serving as a bus Public transport comprises all transport systems in which the passengers do not travel in their own vehicles. ... Commuters on the New York City Subway during rush hour Rush hour at Shinjuku Station, Yamanote Line Traffic jam Commuting is the process of travelling between a place of residence and a place of work. ... This article is about work. ...


53% belong to mainstream Christian churches, 24% are not affiliated with any organized religion, 14% are members of African Independent Churches, 3% are Muslim, 1% are Jewish and 1% are Hindu. Topics in Christianity Preaching Prayer Ecumenism Relation to other religions Movements Music Liturgy Calendar Symbols Art Criticism Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is a monotheistic[1] religion centered on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as presented in the New Testament. ... There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ... The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination of these attributes. ... This article discusses the adherents of Hinduism. ...


Economy

The skyline of Johannesburg's Central Business District as seen from the observatory of the Carlton Centre.
The skyline of Johannesburg's Central Business District as seen from the observatory of the Carlton Centre.

Johannesburg is the economic and financial hub of South Africa, producing 16% of South Africa's gross domestic product, and accounts for 40% of Gauteng's economic activity. In a 2007 survey conducted by Mastercard, Johannesburg ranked 47 out of 50 top cities in the world as a worldwide centre of commerce (the only city in Africa) ([2]). Image File history File links Johannesburg from the top of the Carlton Centre. ... Image File history File links Johannesburg from the top of the Carlton Centre. ... The Central Business District as seen from the top of the Carlton Centre. ... Portion of the Johannesburg Skyline, as viewed from the observation deck of the Carlton Centre The Carlton Centre is a skyscraper located in downtown Johannesburg, South Africa. ... GDP redirects here. ...


Mining was the foundation of the Witwatersrand's economy, but its importance is gradually declining due to dwindling reserves and service and manufacturing industries have become more significant to the city's economy. While gold mining no longer takes place within the city limits, most mining companies still have their headquarters in Johannesburg. The city's manufacturing industries extend across a range of areas and there is still a reliance on heavy industries including steel and cement plants. The service and other industries include banking, IT, real estate, transport, broadcast and print media, private health care, transport and a vibrant leisure and consumer retail market. Johannesburg has Africa's largest stock exchange, the JSE Securities Exchange although it has moved out of the central business district. Due to its commercial role, the city is the seat of the provincial government and the site of a number of government branch offices, as well as consular offices and other institutions. There is also a significant informal economy consisting of cash-only street traders and vendors. The level of this economic activity is difficult to track in official statistics and it supports a sector of the population including immigrants who are not in formal employment. However, it is clear that the informal economy operating in Johannesburg is certainly one of the biggest in the world. The Witwatersrand urban complex is a major consumer of water in a dry region. Its continued economic and population growth has depended on schemes to divert water from other regions of South Africa and from the highlands of Lesotho, the biggest of which is the Lesotho Highlands Water Project, but additional sources will be needed early in the 21st century. This article is about mineral extractions. ... Witwatersrand is a low mountain range which runs through Gauteng in South Africa. ... City limits refers to the defined limits of a citys area. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Steel (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Cement (disambiguation). ... The Johannesburg Stock Exchange or the JSE Securities Exchange is largest stock exchange in Africa and one of the ten largest in the world. ...


The container terminal at City Deep is purported[who?] to be the largest "dry port" in the world, with some 60% of cargo that arrives through the port of Durban arriving in Johannesburg. The City Deep area has been declared an IDZ (industrial development zone) by the Gauteng government, as part of the Blue IQ Project. For other uses, see Durban (disambiguation). ... Blue IQ is a multi-billion initiative to develop economic infrastructure for specific major projects in the technology sector, high value-added manufacturing and tourism. ...


Johannesburg's largest shopping centre is Sandton City, while Hyde Park is one of its most prestigious. Other centres include Rosebank, Eastgate, Westgate, Northgate, Southgate, and Cresta. There are also plans to build a large shopping centre, known as the Zonk'Izizwe Shopping Resort, in Midrand. "Zonk'Izizwe" means "All Nations" in Zulu language, indicating that the centre will cater to the city's diverse mix of peoples and races. Also a complex named Greenstone in Modderfontein has been opened and is intended to become the largest shopping complex in the southern hemisphere Sandton City is South Africas most prestigious shopping centre. ... Hyde Park Corner is a shopping centre in Johannesburg, South Africa. ... Rosebank is a cosmopolitan commercial and residential suburb in the northwestern part of Johannesburg, Gauteng, South Africa. ... Eastgate was Johannesburgs first super-regional shopping centre. ... A shopping centre in Horizon View, Johannesburg. ... A shopping centre in North Riding, Johannesburg. ... Southgate Shopping Centre is a large shopping centre in Johannesburg, South Africa. ... Cresta Shopping Centre is a shopping centre in Johannesburg, South Africa. ... Midrand is a town located in the Johannesburg conurbation in Gauteng Province, South Africa. ... Languages Zulu Religions Christian, African Traditional Religion Related ethnic groups Bantu Nguni Basotho Xhosa Swazi Matabele Khoisan The Zulu (South African English and isiZulu: amaZulu) are a South African ethnic group of an estimated 17-22 million people who live mainly in the province of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. ...


Communications and media

Hillbrow Tower
Hillbrow Tower

The city is home to several media groups which own a number of newspaper and magazine titles. The two main print media groups are Independent Newspapers and Naspers (Media24). The electronic media is also headquartered in the greater metropolitan region. Beeld is a leading Afrikaans newspaper for the city and the country[citation needed], while the City Press is a Sunday newspaper that is the third largest selling newspaper in South Africa[citation needed]. The Sowetan is one of a number of titles catering for the black market although in recent years it competes against newly arrived tabloids. The Mail & Guardian is an investigative liberal newspaper while The Citizen is a tabloid-style paper, and The Star is a local newspaper that mostly covers Gauteng-related issues. The Sunday Times is the most widely read national Sunday newspaper[citation needed]. True Love is the most widely read women's magazine[citation needed], catering primarily to the up and coming middle class black female market, published by Media 24. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (794x2822, 223 KB) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (794x2822, 223 KB) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Hillbrow Tower The Hillbrow Tower is a tall mast located in the suburb of Hillbrow in Johannesburg, South Africa. ... Beeld is an Afrikaans language newspaper that was launched on 16 September 1974. ... Look up Appendix:Afrikaans and Dutch Swadesh lists in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The City Press is a sunday newspaper that is aimed at black readers and is the third biggest selling newspaper in South Africa. ... The Sowetan is an English language, South African newspaper that started in 1981 as a liberation struggle newspaper and was freely distributed to households in the black township of Soweto, Johannesburg, Gauteng Province. ... The Mail & Guardian is a South African newspaper that was started by a group of journalists in 1985 after the closures of the two leading liberal newspapers, the Rand Daily Mail and Sunday Express. ... The Citizen is a tabloid style newspaper that is distributed nationally in South Africa. ... This article is about the newspaper size. ... The Star is a Gauteng Province, South Africa based newspaper with a readership of 618,000. ... Categories: South Africa stubs | Provinces of South Africa | Gauteng Province ... The Sunday Times is a popular South African Sunday newspaper. ...


Media ownership is relatively complicated with a number of cross shareholdings which have been rationalised in recent years resulting in the movement of some ownership into the hands of black shareholders. This has been accompanied by a growth in black editorship and journalism.


Johannesburg has a number of regional radio stations such as YFM, Metro FM, 702, Highveld Stereo, 5FM, Kaya FM and Classic FM. The number of radio stations has increased in recent years as the government sold off frequencies to private companies. Johannesburg is also the headquarters of state-owned broadcaster South African Broadcasting Corporation and pay broadcast network Multichoice which distributes M-Net and DStv a digital satellite service, while eTV also has a presence in the city. etv is the only other terrestrial broadcaster and it is free-to-air and funded by advertising revenue. The city has two television towers, the Hillbrow Tower and the Sentech Tower. YFM is a Youth radio station in Johannesburg, South Africa which is broadcasted on 99. ... Highveld Stereo broadcasts on the 94. ... 5FM is a SABC radio station mainly based in Johannesburg, South Africa. ... The South African Broadcasting Corporation (SABC) is the state-owned broadcaster in South Africa and provides 18 radio stations (AM/FM) as well as 4 television broadcasts to the general public. ... M-Net (originally an abbreviation for Electronic Media Network) is a subscription-funded television channel in South Africa, established in 1986 by a consortium of newspaper companies, including Naspers. ... e. ... Hillbrow Tower The Hillbrow Tower is a tall mast located in the suburb of Hillbrow in Johannesburg, South Africa. ... Sentech Tower Sentech Tower is the name of a 234 metre high TV tower in the Brixton suburb of Johannesburg, South Africa. ...


Music

Kwaito is the musical genre from Johannesburg that is considered to be the post-struggle (post-apartheid) music of choice by South African youth. Some consider Kwaito to be apolitical dance music because the same lyrics are typically repeated throughout the entire song and are placed over the rhythms and beats of House music. However, others argue that Kwaito has an important political message to spread, despite the fact people are able to dance to this music. For example, the artist called Arthur stands up against the established system set during apartheid saying, "Nee baas, don't call me kaffir" in his 1995 song titled "Kaffir". The timing of such a politically charged statement was necessary in the South African society because apartheid had recently been abolished. It is important to note the significance of the words in this phrase. The word "baas" is equivalent to the English word "boss" and was the mandatory title all black employees had to use to address their white employers during apartheid. "Kaffir" is one of the most derogatory and degrading racial names someone can call a black person in South Africa. Because Arthur was commenting on the social relation between black workers and their white bosses and the racial inequality that existed between them, his EP was "an incredibly powerful and provocative statement" that "went straight to the hearts of thousands of South Africans."[12] Kwaito artist Mandoza is another reason why many people argue Kwaito music does have significant political standing in South Africa. One example of Mandoza's political message can be heard with his song "Uzoyithola Kkanjani", which means "how are you going to get it if you don't go for it". Kwaito is a music genre that emerged in Johannesburg, South Africa in the early 1990s. ... House music is a style of electronic dance music that was developed by dance club DJs in Chicago in the early to mid-1980s. ... Look up kaffir, Kaffir, kafir in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Mandoza (real name Mduduzi Tshabalala) (1978 - ) is a South African kwaito musician. ...


Kwaito has touched more than the music scene in this country. In recent years, it has become deeply embedded in young South African culture because it represents "the streets", street life, and the people who live there. As Grant Clark notes after his trip to Johannesburg, "Kwaito has evolved its own street style. It's not just music, it's the way you walk, talk, dance, and of course, dress." [13] On the other hand, Kwaito does receive its share of criticism from the older generations for embracing what is considered to be Western ideals and beliefs, like materialism and living life in excess. Despite this, there are some older South African musicians who support this musical style. Hugh Masekela is a known fan of Kwaito. When talking about Kwaito, the artist said, "there has been criticism of some of the content of Kwaito music but older people always seem to be jealous of young people who are coming up with new things." [14] Whether Kwaito is criticized for its lack of a political stance or looked down upon by South African elders for straying from their own traditions and values, it definitely has had a impact on the music and culture of post-apartheid society in South Africa. Hugh Masekela (born Johannesburg, April 4, 1939) is a South African flugelhorn and cornet player. ...


Suburbs

Johannesburg as seen from the International Space Station.
Johannesburg as seen from the International Space Station.
Sandton, Gauteng, a suburb of Johannesburg

Johannesburg's suburbs are the product of extensive urban sprawl and are regionalised into north, south, east and west, and they generally have different personalities. While the Central Business District and the immediate surrounding areas were formerly desirable living areas, the spatial accommodation of the suburbs has tended to see a flight from the city and immediate surrounds. The inner city buildings have been let out to the lower income groups and illegal immigrants and as a result abandoned buildings and crime have become a feature of inner city life. The immediate city suburbs include Yeoville, a hot spot for black nightlife despite its otherwise poor reputation. The suburbs to the south of the city are mainly blue collar neighbourhoods and situated closer to some townships. The suburbs to the west have in recent years floundered with the decline of the mining industry but have in some cases experienced some revival with properties being bought up by the black middle class. The biggest sprawl lies to the east and north. The eastern suburbs are relatively prosperous and close to various industrial zones. The northern suburbs have been the recipient of most of the flight from the inner city and some residential areas have become commercialised particularly around the area of Sandton, stretching north towards Midrand, a half way point between Johannesburg and the capital Pretoria. This photograph of Johannesburg, South Africa, was taken from the International Space Station. ... This photograph of Johannesburg, South Africa, was taken from the International Space Station. ... ISS redirects here. ... Sandton is a town in the northern part of the Greater Johannesburg Metropolitan Area, South Africa in the Gauteng Province. ... A map of Johannesburg indicating regions and freeways. ... The Central Business District as seen from the top of the Carlton Centre. ... Yeoville is a suburb of Johannesburg, in the province of Gauteng, South Africa. ... Children in a township near Cape Town in 1989 In South Africa, the term township usually refers to the (often underdeveloped) urban residential areas that, under Apartheid, were reserved for non-whites (principally black Africans and Coloureds, who were put into separate townships or locations) who lived near or worked...


Traditionally the northern and northwestern suburbs have been the centre for the wealthy, containing the high-end retail shops as well as several upper-class residential areas such as Hyde Park, Sandhurst, Northcliff and Houghton, where Nelson Mandela makes his home. The northwestern area in particular is vibrant and lively, with the mostly-black suburb of Sophiatown once centre of political activity and the Bohemian-flavoured Melville featuring restaurants and nightlife. Auckland Park is home to the headquarters of the South African Broadcasting Corporation and the University of Johannesburg. Houghton is an extremely wealthy suburb of Johannesburg, Gauteng Province, South Africa. ... For other people named Mandela, or other uses, see Mandela. ... Sophiatown (pronounced with a long, stressed i) (also known as Softown or Kofifi) is a suburb of Johannesburg, South Africa. ... Melville is a bohemian suburb of Johannesburg, Gauteng, South Africa. ... Auckland Park is a suburb of Johannesburg, Gauteng, South Africa. ... The South African Broadcasting Corporation (SABC) is the state-owned broadcaster in South Africa and provides 18 radio stations (AM/FM) as well as 4 television broadcasts to the general public. ... The University of Johannesburg came into existence on 1 January 2005 as the result of a merger between the former campuses of the Rand Afrikaans University, Technikon Witwatersrand, and some campuses of Vista University. ...


To the southwest of the City Centre is Soweto, a mostly black urban area constructed during the apartheid regime specifically for housing African people who were then living in areas designated by the government for white settlement. Today, Soweto is among the poorest parts of Johannesburg[citation needed]. For the township in Namibia, see Soweto (Namibia). ...


Tourism

Image from the Central Business district of Johnnesburg
Image from the Central Business district of Johnnesburg

Johannesburg has not traditionally been known as a tourist destination, but the city is a transit point for connecting flights to Cape Town, Durban, and the Kruger National Park. Consequently, most international visitors to South Africa pass through Johannesburg at least once, which has led to the development of more attractions for tourists. Recent additions have centred around history museums, such as the Apartheid Museum and the Hector Pieterson Museum. Gold Reef City, a large amusement park to the south of the Central Business District, is also a large draw for tourists in the city. The Johannesburg Zoo is also one of the largest in South Africa. Nickname: Motto: Spes Bona (Latin for Good Hope) Location of the City of Cape Town in Western Cape Province Coordinates: , Country Province Municipality City of Cape Town Metropolitan Municipality Founded 1652 Government [1]  - Type City council  - Mayor Helen Zille  - City manager Achmat Ebrahim Area [2]  - Total 2,454. ... For other uses, see Durban (disambiguation). ... Kruger National Park is the largest game reserve in South Africa. ... The history of South Africa is marked by migration, ethnic conflict, and the anti-Apartheid struggle. ... A museum is a non-profit making, permanent institution in the service of society and of its development, open to the public, which acquires, conserves, researches, communicates and exhibits, for purposes of study, education and enjoyment, the tangible and intangible evidence of people and their environment. ... The Apartheid Museum is a museum complex in Johannesburg, South Africa dedicated to illustrating apartheid and the 20th century history of South Africa. ... The Hector Pieterson Museum is a large museum located in Orlando West, Soweto, South Africa, two blocks away from where Hector Pieterson was shot and killed. ... Gold Reef City is a large amusement park in Johannesburg, South Africa. ... Theme park redirects here. ... The Johannesburg Zoo is a zoo in Johannesburg, South Africa. ...


The city also has several art museums, such as the Johannesburg Art Gallery, which featured South African and European landscape and figurative paintings. The Museum Africa covers the history of the city of Johannesburg, as well as housing a large collection of rock art. The Market Theatre complex attained notoriety in the 1970s and 1980s by staging anti-apartheid plays, and has now become a centre for modern South African playwriting. This article is about the philosophical concept of Art. ... MuseuMAfricA (formerly known as the Africana Museum) is a history and cultural history museum in Johannesburg, South Africa. ... Rock art is a term in archaeology for any man-made markings made on natural stone. ... The Market Theatre in Johannesburg, South Africa was established in 1976 as an independent non-racial theatre under apartheid South Africa. ...


There is also a large industry around visiting former townships, such as Soweto and Alexandra. Most visitors to Soweto go to see the Mandela Museum, which is located in the former home of Nelson Mandela. Children in a township near Cape Town in 1989 In South Africa, the term township usually refers to the (often underdeveloped) urban residential areas that, under Apartheid, were reserved for non-whites (principally black Africans and Coloureds, who were put into separate townships or locations) who lived near or worked... For the township in Namibia, see Soweto (Namibia). ... Alexandra (sometimes nicknamed Alex) is a township located in Gauteng province, South Africa. ... The Mandela Museum is one of the largest tourist attactions in Soweto, South Africa. ... For other people named Mandela, or other uses, see Mandela. ...


The Cradle of Humankind UNESCO World Heritage Site is 25 kilometers (16 mi) to the northwest of the city. The Sterkfontein fossil site is famous for being the world's richest hominid site and produced the first adult Australopithecus africanus and the first near-complete skeleton of an early Australopithecine. Elabana Falls is in Lamington National Park, part of the Central Eastern Rainforest Reserves World Heritage site in Queensland, Australia. ... Archaeologists in a structure above the entrance to Sterkfontein. ... For other uses, see Fossil (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Dart, 1925 [1] Australopithecus africanus was an early hominid, an australopithecine, who lived between 2-3 million years ago in the Pliocene. ... This term australopithecine refers to two very closely related hominin genera: Australopithecus Paranthropus When used alone, the term refers to both genera together. ...


Sports teams and stadiums

Club Sport League Stadium
Kaizer Chiefs Football Premier Soccer League Johannesburg Stadium
Moroka Swallows Football Premier Soccer League Rand Stadium
Orlando Pirates Football Premier Soccer League FNB Stadium
Alexander United Football MTN Supersport Leagues Alexander Stadium
Katlehong City Football MTN Supersport Leagues Potgietersrus Rugby Stadium
Highveld Lions Cricket Standard Bank Cup Series Wanderers Stadium
Lions Rugby union Super 14 Ellis Park Stadium
Golden Lions Rugby union Currie Cup Ellis Park Stadium

Johannesburg's most popular sports by participation are association football, cricket, rugby union, and running. The Lions, formerly the Cats, represent Johannesburg, North West and Mpumalanga in the Southern Hemisphere's Super 14 Rugby Competition, which includes teams from South Africa, Australia, and New Zealand. Image File history File links Ellis Park Stadium in Johannesburg, South Africa. ... Image File history File links Ellis Park Stadium in Johannesburg, South Africa. ... Ellis Park Stadium[1] is a rugby union stadium in the city of Johannesburg, Gauteng Province, South Africa. ... The 1995 Rugby World Cup was the third Rugby World Cup. ... Kaizer Chiefs is a South African football team, founded 7 January 1970 in Soweto, Johannesburg. ... Soccer redirects here. ... Premier Soccer League is the trading name of the National Soccer League of South Africa, also known by its initials (PSL). Exernal link PSL official web site Categories: Stub ... Johannesburg Stadium is a stadium in the Doornfontein suburb of Johannesburg, Gauteng Province, South Africa. ... The Moroka Swallows Football Club, also known as The Birds, is a Johannesburg football team. ... Soccer redirects here. ... Premier Soccer League is the trading name of the National Soccer League of South Africa, also known by its initials (PSL). Exernal link PSL official web site Categories: Stub ... Rand Stadium is a stadium located in Rosettenville, a suburb of Johannesburg, Gauteng Province, South Africa. ... Orlando Pirates are a South African football (soccer) team, founded in 1937 in the Orlando section of Soweto, South Africa. ... Soccer redirects here. ... Premier Soccer League is the trading name of the National Soccer League of South Africa, also known by its initials (PSL). Exernal link PSL official web site Categories: Stub ... FNB-Stadium, Johannesburg First National Bank Stadium (FNB Stadium or Soccer City) is a stadium built in 1987, located in Johannesburg, South Africa. ... Soccer redirects here. ... Soccer redirects here. ... Potgietersrus Rugby Stadium is a stadium in Johannesburg, South Africa. ... The Highveld Lions is the currrent name for the first class cricket team that represents the Gauteng (Transvaal) province of South Africa. ... This article is about the sport. ... The Standard Bank Cup is the premier domestic one-day cricket competition of South Africa, the only one-day competition to currently have List A status granted by the Association of Cricket Statisticians and Historians. ... Wanderers Stadium is a stadium situated just south of Sandton in Illovo, Johannesburg, Gauteng Province, South Africa. ... The Lions, known as the Cats through the 2006 season, are a South African rugby union team competing in the Super 14 competition. ... For other uses, see Rugby (disambiguation). ... The Super 14 is the largest rugby union football club championship in the southern hemisphere, consisting of four state teams from Australia (Queensland, New South Wales, ACT, and Western Australia), five New Zealand franchises, each of which is comprised by a number of provinces (the resulting teams are based in... Ellis Park Stadium[1] is a rugby union stadium in the city of Johannesburg, Gauteng Province, South Africa. ... (This article is about the South African rugby team. ... For other uses, see Rugby (disambiguation). ... For the cricket competition originally known as the Currie Cup, see SuperSport Series. ... Ellis Park Stadium[1] is a rugby union stadium in the city of Johannesburg, Gauteng Province, South Africa. ... Soccer redirects here. ... This article is about the sport. ... For other uses, see Rugby (disambiguation). ... This article is about movement. ... The Lions, known as the Cats through the 2006 season, are a South African rugby union team competing in the Super 14 competition. ... North West is a province of South Africa. ... Mpumalanga, (name changed from Eastern Transvaal on 24 August 1995), is a province in South Africa. ... The Super 14 is the largest rugby union football club championship in the southern hemisphere, consisting of four state teams from Australia (Queensland, New South Wales, ACT, and Western Australia), five New Zealand franchises, each of which is comprised by a number of provinces (the resulting teams are based in...


Cricket is one of the more popular sports. In cricket, the Highveld Lions represent Johannesburg, the rest of Gauteng as well as the North West Province at the Wanderers Stadium which was the venue for the 2003 Cricket World Cup Final in which Australia successfully defended their title. Wanderers Stadium hosted what many cricket fans consider the greatest ever ODI match in which South Africa successfully chased down 434 runs. They take part in the Supersport and MTN Domestic Championship.
The Highveld Lions is the currrent name for the first class cricket team that represents the Gauteng (Transvaal) province of South Africa. ... Wanderers Stadium is a stadium situated just south of Sandton in Illovo, Johannesburg, Gauteng Province, South Africa. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The SuperSport Series is the main domestic cricket competition in South Africa, first contested (as the Currie Cup) in 1889/90. ... The MTN Domestic Competitions is the premier domestic one-day cricket competition of South Africa, the only one-day competition to currently have List A status granted by the Association of Cricket Statisticians and Historians. ...


Johannesburg also hosted matches from and thepspank the PSL, the top spank teams are all fierce rivals and include Kaizer Chiefs (also known as the Amakhosi), Orlando Pirates (also known as the Buccaneers) and Moroka Swallows, based at the city's Johannesburg, Rand, and FNB stadiums respectively. Witwatersrand University, nicknamed the Clever Boys, who have a player membership of over 1,500, one of the world's largest are also part of the premier league. First Division teams include Katlehong City and Alexander United, who play at Alexander and Reiger Park stadiums respectively Kaizer Chiefs is a South African football team, founded 7 January 1970 in Soweto, Johannesburg. ... Orlando Pirates are a South African football (soccer) team, founded in 1937 in the Orlando section of Soweto, South Africa. ... The Moroka Swallows Football Club, also known as The Birds, is a Johannesburg football team. ... Ellis Park Stadium[1] is a rugby union stadium in the city of Johannesburg, Gauteng Province, South Africa. ... Rand Stadium is a stadium located in Rosettenville, a suburb of Johannesburg, Gauteng Province, South Africa. ... FNB-Stadium, Johannesburg First National Bank Stadium (FNB Stadium or Soccer City) is a stadium built in 1987, located in Johannesburg, South Africa. ... Wits University Football Club, known under their sponsored title as Bidvest Wits, is South African football team, founded in 1921. ... The Alexander Stadium is the main athletics stadium in Birmingham, the largest city in the Midlands of England. ...


Transport

A full minibus taxi.
A full minibus taxi.
A board on the M1 indicating the exit for Johannesburg. The M1 is one of the busiest highways in Johannesburg.
A board on the M1 indicating the exit for Johannesburg. The M1 is one of the busiest highways in Johannesburg.
The M2 in the afternoon as it passes through the Central Business District.
The M2 in the afternoon as it passes through the Central Business District.
Busy side street off Beyers Naudé Drive in Cresta, Gauteng.
Busy side street off Beyers Naudé Drive in Cresta, Gauteng.
A rainy drive on the N1.
A rainy drive on the N1.

Johannesburg, much like Los Angeles, is a young and sprawling city geared towards private motorists, and lacks a convenient public transportation system. A significant number of the city's residents are dependent on the city's informal minibus taxis. Image File history File links A full minibus taxi on a highway in Johannesburg. ... Image File history File links A full minibus taxi on a highway in Johannesburg. ... Image File history File links Photograph of the M1 in Johannesburg. ... Image File history File links Photograph of the M1 in Johannesburg. ... The M1 during rush hour as it passes through Sandton. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1279x853, 129 KB)The M2 in the CBD of Johannesburg, South Africa in January 2006. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1279x853, 129 KB)The M2 in the CBD of Johannesburg, South Africa in January 2006. ... The M2 is a major highway in Johannesburg, South Africa. ... The Central Business District as seen from the top of the Carlton Centre. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1279x853, 125 KB)Judges Avenue, off Beyers Naudé Drive in Johannesburg, South Africa in January 2006. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1279x853, 125 KB)Judges Avenue, off Beyers Naudé Drive in Johannesburg, South Africa in January 2006. ... Beyers Naudé Drive is a large arterial route in Johannesburg, South Africa. ... Image File history File links N1rainysouthbound. ... Image File history File links N1rainysouthbound. ... Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ...


Mass transit

Johannesburg's metro railway system connects central Johannesburg to Soweto, Pretoria, and most of the satellite towns along the Witwatersrand. The railways transport huge numbers of workers every day. However, the railway infrastructure was built in Johannesburg's infancy and covers only the older areas in the city's south. The northern areas, including the business districts of Sandton, Midrand, Randburg, and Rosebank, currently lack rail infrastructure. Metrorail is the commuter rail service in the major urban areas of South Africa. ... For the township in Namibia, see Soweto (Namibia). ... Motto: Praestantia Praevaleat Pretoria (May Pretoria Be Pre-eminent In Excellence) Country Province Established 1855 Area  - Total 1,644 km² (634. ... Witwatersrand is a low mountain range which runs through Gauteng in South Africa. ... Sandton is a town in the northern part of the Greater Johannesburg Metropolitan Area, South Africa in the Gauteng Province. ... Midrand (previously Halfway House) is a town located in the Johannesburg conurbation in Gauteng Province, South Africa. ... Randburg is a large town in Gauteng, South Africa. ... Rosebank is a cosmopolitan commercial and residential suburb in the northwestern part of Johannesburg, South Africa. ...


The Gauteng Provincial Government's Blue IQ Project, Gautrain, however, has made provisions for the creation of a rapid rail link, running north to south, between Johannesburg and Pretoria, and east-west between Sandton and Johannesburg International Airport. Slated to be ready in time for the 2010 FIFA World Cup, the rail system is being designed to alleviate traffic on the N1 freeway between Johannesburg and Pretoria, which records vehicle loads of up to 300,000 per day. An artists impression of the trains to be built for the Gautrain system (Bombardier press image). ... This is the top-level page of WikiProject trains Rail tracks Rail transport refers to the land transport of passengers and goods along railways or railroads. ... Johannesburg International Airport (IATA: JNB, ICAO: FAJS) is a large airport near the city of Johannesburg, South Africa and the largest in Africa. ... The 2010 FIFA World Cup will be the 19th FIFA World Cup, an international tournament for football, that is scheduled to take place between 11 June and 11 July 2010 in South Africa. ... Route map of the N1 Route The N1 is a South African National Road, running from Cape Town to Beit Bridge on the border with Zimbabwe. ...


Airports

Johannesburg is served by OR Tambo International Airport (formerly Johannesburg International Airport) for both domestic and international flights. Other airports include Rand Airport, Grand Central Airport, and Lanseria. Rand Airport, located in Germiston, is a small airfield used mostly for private aircraft and the home of South African Airways's first Boeing 747 Classic, the Lebombo, which is now an aviation museum. Grand Central is located in Midrand and also caters to small, private aircraft. Lanseria Airport is used for commercial flights to Cape Town, Durban, Port Elizabeth, Botswana, and Sun City. OR Tambo International Airport (IATA: JNB, ICAO: FAJS) is a large airport near the city of Johannesburg, Gauteng, South Africa. ... Rand Airport (IATA: QRA, ICAO: FAGM) is an airport in Germiston, South Africa. ... Grand Central Airport (IATA: GCJ, ICAO: FAGC) is a small privately-owned airfield which is open to public air traffic. ... Lanseria Airport is a privately owned international airport that is situated in the north west of Johannesburg, Gauteng, South Africa. ... President St, Germiston, c1910 This article is about Germiston in Gauteng, South Africa. ... South African Airways (SAA) is South Africas largest domestic and international airline company, with hubs in Cape Town and Johannesburg. ... The Boeing 747, sometimes nicknamed the Jumbo Jet,[4][5] is a long-haul, widebody commercial airliner manufactured by Boeing in the United States. ... Aviation encompasses all the activities relating to airborne devices created by human ingenuity, generally known as aircraft. ... For other uses, see Museum (disambiguation). ... Lanseria Airport is a privately owned international airport that is situated in the north west of Johannesburg, Gauteng, South Africa. ... Nickname: Motto: Spes Bona (Latin for Good Hope) Location of the City of Cape Town in Western Cape Province Coordinates: , Country Province Municipality City of Cape Town Metropolitan Municipality Founded 1652 Government [1]  - Type City council  - Mayor Helen Zille  - City manager Achmat Ebrahim Area [2]  - Total 2,454. ... For other uses, see Durban (disambiguation). ... Port Elizabeth is a city in South Africa, situated in the Eastern Cape Province, at 33°58′ S 25°36′ E. The city is located on Algoa Bay, and is one of the major seaports in South Africa. ... The Bridge of Time facing the Entertainment Centre Sun City is a luxury South African casino resort, situated in the North West Province. ...


Buses

Johannesburg is served by a bus fleet operated by Metrobus, a corporate unit of the City of Johannesburg. It has a fleet consisting of approximately 550 single and double-decker buses, plying 84 different routes in the city. This total includes 200 modern buses (150 double-deckers and 50 single-deckers), made by Volvo and Marcopolo/Brasa in 2002. Metrobus' fleet carries approximately 20 million passengers per annum. Metrobus also operates a number of open-top buses in the "City Slicker" role, using them to provide guided tours around the city. In addition there are a number of private bus operators, though most focus on the inter-city routes, or on bus charters for touring groups. The City's main bus terminus is situated in Gandhi Square, where passengers can also obtain information regarding the Metrobus service from the walk-in customer information desk. Autobus redirects here. ... Volvo Cars is the luxury car maker using the Volvo Trademark. ...


Taxis

Johannesburg has two kinds of taxis, metered taxis and minibus taxis. Unlike many cities, metered taxis are not allowed to drive around the city looking for passengers and instead must be called and ordered to a destination. The Gauteng Provincial Government has launched a new metered taxi programme in an attempt to increase use of metered taxis in the city. Safecab and Rose Taxis are two of the most highly trusted and used metered taxi companies. The introduction of this article does not provide enough context for readers unfamiliar with the subject. ...


The minibus "taxis" are the de facto standard and essential form of transport for the majority of the population. Since the 1980s The minibus taxi industry has been severely affected by turf wars. There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ...


Although essential, these taxis are often of a poor standard in not only road-worthiness, but also in terms of driver quality with a majority[citation needed] of taxi drivers breaking traffic laws regularly (such as driving in the emergency lane while speeding on a highway). With the high demand for transport by the working class of South Africa, minibus taxis are often over-filled with passengers causing yet another hazard for road users. However, without subsidies from Government and a lack of other feasible public transport, minibus taxis will remain an essential form of transport for many of Joburg's working class.


Freeways

Main article: Johannesburg freeways

The fact that Johannesburg is not built near a large navigable body of water has meant that from the very beginning of the city's history, ground transportation has been the most important method of transporting people and goods in and out of the city. One of Africa's most famous "beltways" or ring roads/orbitals is the Johannesburg Ring Road. The road is composed of three freeways that converge on the city, forming an 80 kilometers (50 mi) loop around it: the N3 Eastern Bypass, which links Johannesburg with Durban; the N1 Western Bypass, which links Johannesburg with Pretoria and Cape Town; and the N12 Southern Bypass, which links Johannesburg with Witbank and Kimberley. The N3 was built exclusively with asphalt, while the N12 and N1 sections were made with concrete, hence the nickname given to the N1 Western Bypass, "The Concrete Highway". In spite of being up to 12 lanes wide in some areas (6 lanes in either direction), the Johannesburg Ring Road is frequently clogged with traffic. The Gillooly's Interchange, built on an old farm and the point at which the N3 Eastern Bypass and the R24 Airport Freeway intersect, is purported[who?] to be the busiest interchange in the Southern Hemisphere. It is also claimed[who?] that the N1 is the busiest road in South Africa. The M2 in the afternoon as it passes through the Central Business District. ... The Johannesburg Ring Road is one of Africas most famous beltways or ring roads/orbitals. ... For specific systems, such as the Autobahns of Germany, see list of highway systems with full control of access and no cross traffic. ... The N3 Eastern Bypass is a section of the Johannesburg Ring Road that forms an orbital around the city of Johannesburg, South Africa. ... For other uses, see Durban (disambiguation). ... The N1 Western Bypass, also known as the Concrete Highway, is a section of the Johannesburg Ring Road located in the city of Johannesburg, South Africa. ... Motto: Praestantia Praevaleat Pretoria (May Pretoria Be Pre-eminent In Excellence) Country Province Established 1855 Area  - Total 1,644 km² (634. ... Nickname: Motto: Spes Bona (Latin for Good Hope) Location of the City of Cape Town in Western Cape Province Coordinates: , Country Province Municipality City of Cape Town Metropolitan Municipality Founded 1652 Government [1]  - Type City council  - Mayor Helen Zille  - City manager Achmat Ebrahim Area [2]  - Total 2,454. ... The N12 Southern Bypass is a section of the Johannesburg Ring Road located in the city of Johannesburg, South Africa. ... Witbank is situated on the highveld of Mpumalanga, South Africa. ... The Big Hole, a prominent tourist attraction in Kimberley Kimberley is a town in South Africa, and the capital of the Northern Cape. ... Map of the route of the N3 The N3 is a highway in South Africa that forms a part of the National Road System, connecting Johannesburg and Durban, respectively South Africas largest and second-largest cities. ... The term asphalt is often used as an abbreviation for asphalt concrete. ... The N12 is a national road in South Africa. ... Route map of the N1 Route The N1 is a South African National Road, running from Cape Town to Beit Bridge on the border with Zimbabwe. ... This article is about the construction material. ... The R24 is a major East-West Regional Route in the Greater Johannesburg Metropolitan Area that links Johannesburg International Airport with Magaliesburg via Johannesburg and Krugersdorp. ...


Trains

Construction of the Gautrain Rapid Rail started in October 2006 and will be completed by 2010, in time for the FIFA World Cup. It will consist of a number of underground stations, as well as above ground stations. It will run from Johannesburg's Park Station, through Rosebank, Sandton, Midrand and into Pretoria. There will also be a line from the OR Tambo International Airport traveling to Sandton. This will be the first new railway system that has been laid in South Africa since 1977. An artists impression of the trains to be built for the Gautrain system (Bombardier press image). ... OR Tambo International Airport (IATA: JNB, ICAO: FAJS) is a large airport near the city of Johannesburg, Gauteng, South Africa. ...


Universities in Johannesburg

The University of the Witwatersrand. Braamfontein buildings are visible in the background.
The University of the Witwatersrand. Braamfontein buildings are visible in the background.

Johannesburg has a well-developed higher education system of both private and public universities. Johannesburg is served by the public universities University of the Witwatersrand and the University of Johannesburg. The University of the Witwatersrand (pronounced vit-vaters-rant, with flat vowels -- see South African English) is a leading South African university situated in Johannesburg. ... Braamfontein is a central suburb of Johannesburg, in South Africa. ... The University of Cambridge is an institute of higher learning. ... A private university is a university that is run without the control of any government entity,[1] as opposed to public universities. ... This does not cite its references or sources. ... The University of the Witwatersrand (pronounced vit-vaters-rant, with flat vowels -- see South African English) is a leading South African university situated in Johannesburg. ... The University of Johannesburg came into existence on 1 January 2005 as the result of a merger between the former campuses of the Rand Afrikaans University, Technikon Witwatersrand, and some campuses of Vista University. ...


University of Johannesburg was formed on 1 January 2005 when three separate universities and campuses—Rand Afrikaans University, Technikon Witwatersrand, and the Johannesburg campuses of Vista University—were merged. The new university offers education primarily in English and Afrikaans, although courses may be taken in any of South Africa's official languages. The University of Johannesburg came into existence on 1 January 2005 as the result of a merger between the former campuses of the Rand Afrikaans University, Technikon Witwatersrand, and some campuses of Vista University. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Rand Afrikaans University (RAU) was founded as an Afrikaans language university in 1967 with just over 700 registered students. ... The Technikon Witwatersrand was a technikon located in Johannesburg, South Africa. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Look up Appendix:Afrikaans and Dutch Swadesh lists in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


The University of the Witwatersrand is one of the leading universities in South Africa, and is famous as a centre of resistance to apartheid, earning it the nickname "Moscow on the Hill"[citation needed]. The University of the Witwatersrand (pronounced vit-vaters-rant, with flat vowels -- see South African English) is a leading South African university situated in Johannesburg. ... A segregated beach in South Africa, 1982. ...


Private universities include Monash University, which has one of its eight campuses in Johannesburg (six of the other campuses are in Australia, while the eighth is in Malaysia), and Midrand Graduate Institute which is located in Midrand. Robert Menzies Building at the Clayton Campus Monash University is a public university with campuses located in Australia, Malaysia and South Africa. ... This article reads like an advertisement. ...


Sister cities

Johannesburg's sister cities are: Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm, Germany Town twinning is a concept whereby towns or cities in geographically and politically distinct areas are paired with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. ...

Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... This article is about the British city. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... This article is about the state. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Xian redirects here. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Brazil. ... This article is about the city. ...

Written Works

  • The Lover of Johannesburg, a novel written by Harshad Sarpotdar

References

  • Early Johannesburg, Its Buildings and People. Hannes Meiring, Human & Rousseau. 1986. 143 pages. ISBN 0-7981-1456-8
  • Gold! Gold! Gold! The Johannesburg Gold Rush. Eric Rosenthal, AD. Donker, 1970, ISBN 0-949937-64-9
  • Johannesburg: The Elusive Metropolis. Sarah Nuttall. Duke University Press. 9 January 2005. 210 pages. ISBN 0-8223-6610-X.
  • The Corner House: The Early History of Johannesburg. Alan Patrick Cartwright. MacDonald. 1965. 293 pages.
  1. ^ Municipal Demarcation Board, South Africa Retrieved on 2008-03-23.
  2. ^ Statistics South Africa, Community Survey, 2007, Basic Results Municipalities (pdf-file) Retrieved on 2008-03-23.
  3. ^ GaWC Research Bulletin 5, GaWC, Loughborough University, 28 July 1999
  4. ^ Jozi plans major restructuring by Anish Abraham, Official website of the City of Johannesburg, 2006-05-11.
  5. ^ Victims of Crime in Johannesburg by Antoinette Louw, Mark Shaw, Lala Camerer, Rory Robertshaw, Published in Monograph No 18, Crime in Johannesburg, February 1998.
  6. ^ Drop in serious crime in Jo'burg, Mail & Guardian Online, 2006-07-07.
  7. ^ Press Release August 06, 2006, City of Johannesburg is calling for Internal Branding Advice from Global Gurus.
  8. ^ SABCnews.com. Joburg covered by snow as temperature drops. Retrieved on 2007-07-16.
  9. ^ Jozi's urban forest now at 10 m trees, and growing by Lucille Davie, 2004-09-08.
  10. ^ Joburg advertises its successes by Ndaba Dlamini, 2006-02-15.
  11. ^ Climate data for Johannesburg (English). Retrieved on July 26, 2007.
  12. ^ Steingo, Gavin. "South African music after Apartheid: kwaito, the "party politic", and the appropriation of gold as a sign of success." In Popular Music and Society. July 2005. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m2822/is_3_28/ai_n15648564/pg_4
  13. ^ Clark, Grant. "Kwaito: The Voice of Youth." From BBC World Service "Rhythms of the Continent: South Africa". http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/africa/features/rhythms/southafrica.shtml
  14. ^ Clark, Grant. "Kwaito: The Voice of Youth." From BBC World Service "Rhythms of the Continent: South Africa". http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/africa/features/rhythms/southafrica.shtml

is the 9th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Loughborough University is located in the market town of Loughborough, Leicestershire in the East Midlands of England. ... is the 209th day of the year (210th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events of 2008: (EMILY) Me Lesley and MIley are going to China! This article is about the year. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 131st day of the year (132nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 188th day of the year (189th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... August 6 is the 218th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (219th in leap years), with 147 days remaining. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 197th day of the year (198th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 46th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

See also

The Large Cities Climate Leadership Group is a group of cities committed to the reduction of urban carbon emissions and adapting to climate change. ...

External links

Find more about Johannesburg on Wikipedia's sister projects:
Dictionary definitions
Textbooks
Quotations
Source texts
Images and media
News stories
Learning resources

Government Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File links Wikibooks-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikiquote-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Image File history File links WikiNews-Logo. ... Image File history File links Wikiversity-logo-Snorky. ...

  • Official website of the City of Johannesburg
  • Gauteng Provincial Government

News

  • Beeld
  • City Press
  • The Sowetan
  • Mail & Guardian
  • The Citizen
  • The Star
  • The Sunday Times

Other

  • Johannesburg travel guide from Wikitravel
  • Johannesburg Tourism official website
  • Gauteng Tourism Authority
  • Official Web Portal of South Africa
  • VisitSouthAfrica.net
  • Johannesburg Guide
  • Johannesburg on Google Maps
  • Johannesburg on Birmingham's Partner City page
  • Economist.com City Guide
  • Current Happenings and Tourist Info
  • Pictures of Johannesburg post-apartheid
  • Business in Johannesburg


Wikitravel is a project to create an open content, complete, up-to-date, and reliable world-wide travel guide. ... Farm where gold was first discovered in 1886. ... A map of Johannesburg indicating regions and freeways. ... The administration of Johannesburg has been decentralised into 11 regions. ... The Mayor of Johannesburg is the chief executive of the Johannesburg City Council and the highest elected position in the city of Johannesburg, South Africa. ... City motto: Unity in Development Province Gauteng Mayor Amos Masondo Area  - % water 1,644 km² 0. ... A map of the West Rand. ... Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality is a Metropolitan Municipality that forms the local government of the East Rand region of Gauteng, South Africa. ...

Flag of South Africa

Province of Gauteng Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Africa. ... Categories: South Africa stubs | Provinces of South Africa | Gauteng Province ...

Provincial Capital:

Johannesburg

Major Metros:

Johannesburg, Tshwane, Ekurhuleni The City of Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality is a metropolitan area contained mostly in the province of Gauteng, South Africa, that includes the city of Pretoria. ... Ekurhuleni Municipality is a metropolitan municipality that forms the local government of the East Rand region of Gauteng, South Africa. ...

District Municipalities:

Sedibeng , West Rand, Metsweding Geographic location Situated in South Africa, the jurisdictional area of Sedibeng District Municipality covers the entire southern area of Gauteng Province, extending along a 120km axis from east to west. ... A map of the West Rand. ... A map of South Africa showing Metsweding (within Gauteng province) Metsweding is one of the 6 districts of Gauteng province of South Africa. ...

Cities:

Johannesburg, Pretoria Motto: Praestantia Praevaleat Pretoria (May Pretoria Be Pre-eminent In Excellence) Country Province Established 1855 Area  - Total 1,644 km² (634. ...

Smaller Cities:

Benoni, Boksburg, Vereeniging Benoni (Hebrew: בֶּןאוֹנִי) is a city on the East Rand in the South African province of Gauteng. ... Boksburg is a city on the East Rand of Gauteng, South Africa. ... Vereeniging is a city in Gauteng province, South Africa, with a population of more than 350,000. ...

This is a list of contiguous urban areas of the world ordered according to population (as of 2007). ... For other uses, see Tokyo (disambiguation). ... For the town of Yokohama in Aomori Prefecture, see Yokohama, Aomori. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Short name Statistics Location map Map of location of Seoul. ... This article is about the city. ... , Bombay redirects here. ... Jakarta (also DKI Jakarta), is the capital and largest city of Indonesia. ... For other uses, see Delhi (disambiguation). ... Nickname: Location of Mexico City Coordinates: , Country Federal entity Boroughs The 16 delegaciones Founded c. ... This article is about the city. ... For the capital city of the Philippines, see Manila. ... For other uses, see Osaka (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Japanese city. ... For other uses, see Kyoto (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Cairo (disambiguation). ... Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ... , “Calcutta” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Shanghai (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Buenos Aires (disambiguation). ... Peking redirects here. ... For other uses, see Shenzhen (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Brazilian city. ... Location of Istanbul on the Bosphorus Strait, Turkey Coordinates: , Country Turkey Region Province Istanbul Founded 667 BC as Byzantium Roman/Byzantine period AD 330 as Nova Roma (original name given in 330 and used during Constantines reign) and later Constantinople (following Constantines death in 337) Ottoman period 1453... This article is about the capital of France. ... For other uses, see Lagos (disambiguation). ... Not to be confused with Karachay-Cherkessia. ... Nagoya ) is the fourth largest city in Japan. ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Location Coordinates: , Country Settled Ayutthaya Period Founded as capital 21 April 1782 Government  - Type Special administrative area  - Governor Apirak Kosayothin Area  - City 1,568. ... Saigon redirects here. ... Nickname: Map of the Dem. ... For other uses, see Lima (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Tehran (disambiguation). ... Dhaka (previously Dacca; Bengali: Ḍhākā; IPA: ) is the capital of Bangladesh and the principal city of Dhaka District. ... Bogota redirects here. ... Ruhr Area within Germany Map of the Ruhr Area The Ruhr Area, also called simply Ruhr, (German Ruhrgebiet, colloquial Ruhrpott or Kohlenpott) is an urban area in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, consisting of a number of large formerly industrial cities bordered by the rivers Ruhr to the south, Rhine to... Essen is a city in the center of the Ruhr Area in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Düsseldorf (IPA: ) is the capital city of the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia. ... Madras redirects here. ... CITIC Plaza Guangzhou (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin:  ; jyutping : Gwong²zau¹) is the capital and a sub-provincial city of Guangdong Province in the southern part of the Peoples Republic of China. ...   (Urdu: لاہور, Punjabi: لہور, pronounced ) is the capital of the Punjab and is the second largest city in Pakistan after Karachi. ... , For other uses, see Bangalore (disambiguation). ... This article is about the city. ... A map of Gauteng, showing the East Rand. ... , For other uses, see Hyderabad. ... Dongguan (Simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is a prefecture-level city in central Guangdong province, Peoples Republic of China. ... Baghdad (Arabic: ) is the capital of Iraq and of Baghdad Governorate. ... Motto: Together Aspire - Together Achieve Location in the province of Ontario, Canada Coordinates: , Country Province Incorporated June 9, 1846[1] Government  - Mayor Fred Eisenberger  - City Council Hamilton City Council  - MPs List of MPs Dean Allison Chris Charlton David Christopherson Wayne Marston David Sweet  - MPPs List of MPPs Sophia Aggelonitis Andrea... Motto: Location of Santiago commune in Greater Santiago Location of Santiago commune in Greater Santiago Coordinates: , Region Province Foundation February 12, 1541 Government  - Mayor Raúl Alcaíno Lihn Area 1  - City 22. ... Miami redirects here. ... San Francisco redirects here. ... For other uses, see San José. Nickname: Location of San Jose within Santa Clara County, California Location of San Jose with the state of California Coordinates: , Country State County Santa Clara Pueblo founded November 29, 1777 Incorporated March 27, 1850 Government  - Type charter city, mayor-council  - Mayor Chuck Reed  - Vice... For other uses, see Philadelphia (disambiguation) and Philly. ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and Petrograd (Петрогра́д, 1914–1924), is a city located in Northwestern Russia on the delta of the river Neva at the east end of the Gulf of Finland...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Johannesburg.com.:.Welcome (313 words)
Johannesburg is the most populous city in South Africa and the third most populous city in Africa, behind Cairo and Lagos.
Johannesburg is famous for Soweto which is an acronym for the large number of townships that the apartheid government established south-west of the city to accommodate the large number of people who went there to seek employment.
Johannesburg International Airport, the largest and busiest airport in Africa and a gateway for international air travel to and from the rest of southern Africa also serve Johannesburg.
Johannesburg - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3953 words)
Johannesburg is also served by Johannesburg International Airport, the largest and busiest airport in Africa and a gateway for international air travel to and from the rest of southern Africa.
Johannesburg is served by a bus fleet operated by Metrobus, a corporate unit of the City of Johannesburg.
Johannesburg is served by the public universities University of the Witwatersrand and the University of Johannesburg.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m