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Encyclopedia > Johannes Trithemius
Polygraphia (1518) — the first printed book on cryptography.
Polygraphia (1518) — the first printed book on cryptography.

Johannes Trithemius (1 February 1462 - 13 December 1516) was born Johann Heidenberg. The name by which he is more commonly known is derived from his native town of Trittenheim on the Moselle in Germany. From NSA museum: This image is in the public domain in the United States and possibly other jurisdictions. ... From NSA museum: This image is in the public domain in the United States and possibly other jurisdictions. ... February 1 is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events Settlers from Portugal begin to settle the Cape Verde islands. ... December 13 is the 347th day of the year (348th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... // Events March - With the death of Ferdinand II of Aragon, his grandson Charles of Ghent becomes King of Spain as Carlos I. July - Selim I of the Ottoman Empire declares war on the Mameluks and invades Syria. ... Moselle is a département in the northeast of France named after the Moselle River. ...


He studied at the University of Heidelberg. Travelling from university back to his home town in 1482, he was surprised by a snowstorm and took refuge in the Benedictine abbey of Sponheim near Bad Kreuznach. He decided to stay and was elected abbot in 1483, at the age of twenty-one. He set out to transform the abbey from a poor, undisciplined and ruinous place into a centre of learning. In his time, the abbey library increased from around fifty items to more than two thousand. However, his efforts did not only meet with praise, and his reputation as a magician did not further his acceptance. Increasing differences with the convent led to his resignation in 1506, when he decided to take up the offer of the Lord Bishop of Würzburg, Lorenz von Bibra (bishop from 1495 to 1519), to become abbot of the Schottenkloster ("Scottish monastery") in Würzburg. He remained there until the end of his life. The Ruprecht Karl University of Heidelberg (German Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg; also known as simply University of Heidelberg) was established in the town of Heidelberg in the Rhineland in 1386. ... Events Portuguese fortify Fort Elmina on the Gold Coast Tizoc rules the Aztecs Diogo Cão, a Portuguese navigator, becomes the first European to sail up the Congo. ... A winter storm is a storm where the dominant forms of precipitation are forms that occur only at cold temperatures, such as snow or sleet, or a rainstorm where ground temperatures are cold enough to allow ice to form. ... A Benedictine is a person who follows the Rule of St Benedict. ... An abbey (from the Latin abbatia, which is derived from the Syriac abba, father), is a Christian monastery or convent, under the government of an Abbot or an Abbess, who serve as the spiritual father or mother of the community. ... The German Verbandsgemeinde of Bad Kreuznach_Land includes the villages of Volxheim, Hackenheim, Tiefenthal, Pleitersheim, Pfaffen-Schwabenheim, Biebelsheim, Neu-Bamberg, Frei-Laubersheim and Fürfeld. ... Abbots coat of arms The word abbot, meaning father, has been used as a Christian clerical title in various, mainly monastic, meanings. ... Modern-style library In the traditional sense of the word, a library is a collection of books and periodicals. ... This article deals with magic in the context of religion and the anthropology of religion. ... This article is about an abbey as a religious building. ... A resignation occurs when a person holding a position gained by election or appointment steps down. ... 1506 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... A lord is a male who has power and authority. ... A bishop is an ordained member of the Christian clergy who, in certain Christian churches, holds a position of authority. ... Würzburg is a city in the region of Franconia which lies in the northern tip of Bavaria, Germany. ... 1495 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Events March 4 - Hernán Cortés lands in Mexico. ...


Among his pupils was Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa (1486-1535). Cornelius Agrippa, as portrayed in Libri tres de occulta philosophia Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa von Nettesheim (born of noble birth in Cologne September 14, 1486, died in Grenoble February 18, 1535) was a magician and occult writer, astrologer, and alchemist. ... // Events Tízoc, Aztec ruler of Tenochtitlan dies of poisoning. ... Events January 18 - Lima, Peru founded by Francisco Pizarro April - Jacques Cartier discovers the Iroquois city of Stadacona, Canada (now Quebec) and in May, the even greater Huron city of Hochelaga June 24 - The Anabaptist state of Münster (see Münster Rebellion) is conquered and disbanded. ...


Steganographia

His most famous work is Steganographia (written c.1499; published Frankfurt, 1606, placed on the Index Librorum Prohibitorum in 1609). This book is in three volumes, and appears to be about black magic - specifically, about using spirits to communicate over long distances. Since the publication of the decryption key to the first two volumes in 1606, they have been known to be actually concerned with cryptography and steganography. Until recently, the third volume was widely still believed to be about magic - but recently the "magical" formulae were shown to be covertexts for yet more cryptography content. The work has lent its name to the modern field of steganography. 1499 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... River Main and the skyline (help· info) is the largest city in the German Federal State of Hesse and the fifth-largest city in Germany. ... Events January 27 - The trial of Guy Fawkes and other conspirators begins ending in their execution on January 31 May 17 - Supporters of Vasili Shusky invade the Kremlin and kill Premier Dmitri December 26 - Shakespeares King Lear performed in court Storm buries a village of St Ismails near... The Index Librorum Prohibitorum (List of Prohibited Books) is a list of publications which the Roman Catholic Church censored for being a danger to itself and its members. ... // Events April 4 – King of Spain signs an edit of expulsion of all moriscos from Spain April 9 – Spain recognizes Dutch independence May 23 - Official ratification of the Second Charter of Virginia. ... For other meanings, see Black magic (disambiguation). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... A key is a piece of information that controls the operation of a cryptography algorithm. ... The Enigma machine, used by Germany in World War II, implemented a complex cipher to protect sensitive communications. ... Steganography is the art and science of writing hidden messages in such a way that no one apart from the intended recipient knows of the existence of the message; this is in contrast to cryptography, where the existence of the message itself is not disguised, but the meaning is obscured. ... This article is about steganography (hidden writing), not to be confused with stenography (shorthand). ... Steganography is the art and science of writing hidden messages in such a way that no one apart from the intended recipient knows of the existence of the message; this is in contrast to cryptography, where the existence of the message itself is not disguised, but the meaning is obscured. ...


Other works

Other works include De septum secundeis (The Seven Secondary Intelligences, 1508), a history of the world based on astrology; Annales Hirsaugiensis (1514); and Polygraphia (1518). 1508 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... A Western astrological chart (or horoscope) - Y2K Chart — This particular chart is calculated for January 1, 2000 at 12:01:00 A.M. Eastern Standard Time in New York City, New York, USA. (Longitude: 074W0023 - Latitude: 40N4251), using the tropical zodiac Example of a Western natal chart Astrology... 1514 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Events A plague of tropical fire ants devastates crops on Hispaniola. ...

  • Annales Hirsaugiensis. The full title is Annales hirsaugiensis...complectens historiam Franciae et Germaniae, gesta imperatorum, regum, principium, episcoporum, abbatum, et illustrium virorum, Latin for "The Annals of Hirsau...including the history of France and Germany, the exploits of the emperors, kings, princes, bishops, abbots, and illustrious men". Hirsau was a monastery near Württemberg, whose abbot commissioned the work in 1495, but it took Trithemius until 1514 to finish the two volume, 1400 page work. It was first printed in 1690. Some consider this work to be one of the first humanist history books.

Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. ... Württemberg (often spelled Wurttemberg in English) refers to an area and a former state in Swabia, a region in south-western Germany. ... 1495 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Giovanni Domenico Cassini observes differential rotation within Jupiters atmosphere. ... Humanism is a broad category of active ethical philosophies that affirm the dignity and worth of all people, based on our ability to determine what is right using the qualities innate to humanity, particularly rationality. ... HIStory: Past, Present And Future - Book 1 was a double-disc album by Michael Jackson released in 1995. ...

External links

  • Hill Monastic Manuscript Library article on Trithemius (includes links to photographs of various Trithemius first editions.)
  • The compleat and solved Steganography books

 
 

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