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Encyclopedia > Johannes Diderik van der Waals
Johannes van der Waals

Johannes Diderik van der Waals
Born November 23, 1837(1837-11-23)
Leiden, Netherlands
Died March 8, 1923 (aged 85)
Amsterdam, Netherlands
Residence Netherlands
Nationality Dutch
Field Physicist
Institutions University of Amsterdam
Alma mater University of Leiden
Academic advisor   Pieter Rijke
Notable students   Diederik Korteweg
Known for van der Waals equation of state
Notable prizes Nobel Prize for Physics (1910)
He is notably the father of the poet Jacqueline Elisabeth and the physicist Johannes Diderik Jr.

Johannes Diderik van der Waals (November 23, 1837March 8, 1923) was a Dutch scientist and thermodynamicist famous for his work on the equation of state for gases and liquids which describe the relation between the pressure, volume, and temperature of fluids (gases and liquids). In 1873 he obtained his doctor's degree at Leiden university for a thesis entitled Over de Continuïteit van den Gas- en Vloeistoftoestand (On the continuity of the gas and liquid state). In this thesis he derived the equation of state bearing his name. The importance of this work is that it gave a model in which the liquid and the gas phase of a substance merge into each other in a continuous manner. It shows that the two phases are in fact of the same nature. In deriving his equation of state van der Waals assumed not only the existence of molecules (which in physics was disputed at the time), but also that they are of finite size and attract each other. Since he was one of the first to postulate an intermolecular force, however rudimentary, such a force is now sometimes called a van der Waals force. Download high resolution version (1000x1131, 75 KB) This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... is the 327th day of the year (328th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Queen Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom (1837 - 1901) 1837 (MDCCCXXXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Leyden redirects here. ... is the 67th day of the year (68th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Amsterdam (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Netherlands. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Netherlands. ... Not to be confused with physician, a person who practices medicine. ... From Athenaeum Illustre to University In January 1632 two internationally acclaimed scientists, Caspar Barlaeus and Gerardus Vossius, held their inaugural speech in the Athenaeum Illustre - the illustrious school - which had its seat in the 14th-century Agnietenkapel. ... Leiden University in the city of Leiden, is the oldest university in the Netherlands. ... Petrus Leonardus Rijke (July 11, 1812 – April 7, 1899) was a Dutch physicist, and a professor in experimental physics at the University of Leiden. ... Diederik Johannes Korteweg (1848-1941) was a Dutch mathematician. ... The van der Waals equation is an equation of state for a fluid composed of particles that have a non-zero size and a pairwise attractive inter-particle force (such as the van der Waals force. ... Image File history File links Nobel_prize_medal. ... List of Nobel Prize laureates in Physics from 1901 to the present day. ... is the 327th day of the year (328th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Queen Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom (1837 - 1901) 1837 (MDCCCXXXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... is the 67th day of the year (68th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the profession. ... In thermodynamics, a thermodynamicist is one who studies thermodynamic processes and phenomena, i. ... In physics and thermodynamics, an equation of state is a relation between state variables. ... For other uses, see Gas (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Liquid (disambiguation). ... In chemistry, the term van der Waals force originally referred to all forms of intermolecular forces; however, in modern usage it tends to refer to intermolecular forces that deal with forces due to the polarization of molecules. ...


A second great discovery of van der Waals was published in 1880: The Law of Corresponding States. This law shows, that after scaling temperature, pressure, and volume by their respective critical values, a general form of the equation of state is obtained which is applicable to all substances. This law served as a guide during the experiments that led to the liquefaction of helium by Heike Kamerlingh Onnes. Heike Kamerlingh Onnes (September 21, 1853 – February 21, 1926) was a Dutch physicist. ...


Van der Waals found his incentive for his life's work after reading the 1857 treatise by Rudolf Clausius entitled Über die Art der Bewegung welche wir Wärme nennen (On the Kind of Motion which we Call Heat).[1] Van der Waals was later greatly influenced by the writings of James Maxwell, Ludwig Boltzmann, and Willard Gibbs. For his work he won the 1910 Nobel Prize in physics. Rudolf Clausius - physicist and mathematician Rudolf Julius Emanuel Clausius (January 2, 1822 – August 24, 1888), was a German physicist and mathematician. ... For other uses, see Heat (disambiguation) In physics, heat, symbolized by Q, is energy transferred from one body or system to another due to a difference in temperature. ... James Maxwell may be: James Clerk Maxwell (1831 to 1879), physicist James Laidlaw Maxwell (1836 to 1921), missionary to Formosa James Maxwell (actor) (1929 to 1995) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Ludwig Eduard Boltzmann (Vienna, Austrian Empire, February 20, 1844 – Duino near Trieste, September 5, 1906) was an Austrian physicist famous for his founding contributions in the fields of statistical mechanics and statistical thermodynamics. ... Josiah Willard Gibbs (February 11, 1839 – April 28, 1903) was an American mathematical physicist who contributed much of the theoretical foundation that led to the development of chemical thermodynamics and was one of the founders of vector analysis. ... The Nobel Prizes (Swedish: ), as designated in Alfred Nobels will in 1895, are awarded for physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine, literature, and peace. ...

Contents

Family

  • spouse: Anna Magdalena Smit (m. 1864)
  • children: Anne Madeleine, Jacqueline Elisabeth (poet), Johanna Diderica, Johannes Diderik Jr. (physicist)

Biography

Van der Waals was born in Leiden, the Netherlands, as the son of Jacobus van der Waals and Elisabeth van den Burg. He became a school teacher, and later was allowed to study at the university, in spite of his lack of education in the field of classical languages. He studied from 1862 to 1865, earning degrees in mathematics and physics. He was married to Anna Magdalena Smit and had three daughters and one son. Leyden redirects here. ... A classical language, is a language with a literature that is classical—ie, it should be ancient, it should be an independent tradition that arose mostly on its own, not as an offshoot of another tradition, and it must have a large and extremely rich body of ancient literature. ... Euclid, Greek mathematician, 3rd century BC, as imagined by by Raphael in this detail from The School of Athens. ... A magnet levitating above a high-temperature superconductor demonstrates the Meissner effect. ...


In 1866, he became director of a secondary school in The Hague. In 1873, he obtained a doctorate degree in Leiden under Pieter Rijke. In 1876, he was appointed the first professor of physics at the newly established University of Amsterdam. Coordinates: , Country Netherlands Province South Holland Area (2006)  - Municipality 98. ... Petrus Leonardus Rijke (July 11, 1812 – April 7, 1899) was a Dutch physicist, and a professor in experimental physics at the University of Leiden. ... From Athenaeum Illustre to University In January 1632 two internationally acclaimed scientists, Caspar Barlaeus and Gerardus Vossius, held their inaugural speech in the Athenaeum Illustre - the illustrious school - which had its seat in the 14th-century Agnietenkapel. ...


Van der Waals died in Amsterdam in 1923, one year after his daughter's death. For other uses, see Amsterdam (disambiguation). ...


See also

The van der Waals equation is an equation of state for a fluid composed of particles that have a non-zero size and a pairwise attractive inter-particle force (such as the van der Waals force. ... The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. ... The van der Waals radius of an atom is the radius of an imaginary hard sphere which can be used to model the atom for many purposes. ... Van Der Waals is a lunar crater on the far side of the Moon. ...

References

  1. ^ Van der Waals, Johannes, D. (1910). "The Equation of State for Gases and LiquidsPDF (588 KiB)." Nobel Lecture, Dec. 12.

“PDF” redirects here. ... A kibibyte (a contraction of kilo binary byte) is a unit of information or computer storage, commonly abbreviated KiB (never kiB). 1 kibibyte = 210 bytes = 1,024 bytes The kibibyte is closely related to the kilobyte, which can be used either as a synonym for kibibyte or to refer to...

Further reading

  • Kipnis, Aleksandr Yakovlevich; Boris Efimovich Yavelov, and John Shipley Rowlinson (July 1996). Van der Waals and Molecular Science. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-855210-6. 

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Persondata
NAME Waals, Johannes van der
ALTERNATIVE NAMES
SHORT DESCRIPTION Physicist
DATE OF BIRTH November 23, 1837
PLACE OF BIRTH Leiden, Netherlands
DATE OF DEATH Diederik Korteweg
PLACE OF DEATH Amsterdam, Netherlands

  Results from FactBites:
 
Johannes Diderik van der Waals - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (257 words)
Van der Waals was the first to realize the necessity of taking into account the volumes of molecules and the intermolecular forces (now generally called "van der Waals forces") in establishing the relationship between the pressure, volume and temperature of gases and liquids.
Van der Waals was born in Leiden, the Netherlands, as the son of Jacobus van der Waals and Elisabeth van den Burg.
Van der Waals died in Amsterdam in 1923.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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