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Encyclopedia > Johann von Staupitz
Engraving of Johann Von Staupitz, 1889.
Engraving of Johann Von Staupitz, 1889.

Johann von Staupitz (1460December 28, 1524) was a theologian, university preacher,[1] Vicar-General of the Augustinian Order in Germany [2] who supervised Martin Luther during a critical period in that man's spiritual life. Martin Luther himself remarked, "If it had not been for Dr. Staupitz, I should have sunk in hell." He is commemorated on November 8 as a priest in the Calendar of Saints of the Lutheran Church. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Events The first Portuguese navigators reach the coast of modern Sierra Leone. ... December 28 is the 362nd day of the year (363rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 3 days remaining. ... Events March 1, 1524/5 - Giovanni da Verrazano lands near Cape Fear (approx. ... Theology is literally rational discourse concerning God (Greek θεος, theos, God, + λογος, logos, rational discourse). By extension, it also refers to the study of other religious topics. ... The Augustinians, named after Saint Augustine of Hippo (died AD 430), are several Roman Catholic monastic orders and congregations of both men and women living according to a guide to religious life known as the Rule of Saint Augustine. ... Martin Luther (November 10, 1483 – February 18, 1546) was a German monk,[1] priest, professor, theologian, and church reformer. ... The Lutheran Calendar of Saints is a listing which details the primary annual festivals and events that are celebrated liturgically by the Lutheran Church. ... The Lutheran movement is a group of denominations of Protestant Christianity by the original definition. ...


Biography

Von Staupitz was born in Motterwitz sometime around the year 1460 (the exact date remains uncertain). Descended from an old Saxony family, he matricultated in the year 1485 and officially joined the order in Munich before relocated to Tübingen where he received promotion to the rank of prior. In 1500 Von Staupitz was made Doctor of Theology and achieved election to the post of Vicar general of the German Congregation of Augustinians in 1503. He was also made dean of the theology faculty at the University of Wittenberg when it was founded in 1502. In 1512, while in his 50s, Von Staupitz resigned his professorship and relocated to the southern part of Germany, resigning his vicar-generalship officially in 1520. The Free State of Saxony (German: Freistaat Sachsen; Sorbian: Swobodny Stat Sakska) is the easternmost federal state of Germany. ... The matriculation ceremony at Oxford Matriculation refers to the formal process of entering a university, or of becoming eligible to enter by acquiring the required prior qualifications. ... // Events August 5-7 - First outbreak of sweating sickness in England begins August 22 - Battle of Bosworth Field is fought between the armies of King Richard III of England and rival claimant to the throne of England Henry Tudor, Earl of Richmond. ... Munich (German: , pronounced  ; Austro-Bavarian: Minga [1]) is the capital of the German Federal State of Bavaria. ... Tübingen, Neckar front Tübingen, a traditional university town of Baden-Württemberg, Germany, is situated 20 miles southwest of Stuttgart, on a ridge between the River Neckar and the Ammer. ... A priory is an ecclesiastical circumscription run by a prior. ... 1500 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... At Wikiversity you can learn more and teach others about Theology at: The School of Theology Theology finds its scholars pursuing the understanding of and providing reasoned discourse of religion, spirituality and God or the gods. ... A vicar general (often abbreviated VG) is the principal deputy of the bishop of a diocese for the exercise of administrative authority. ... Year 1503 (MDIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... Statue of Martin Luther in the main square Wittenberg, officially [Die] Lutherstadt Wittenberg, is a town in Germany, in the Bundesland Saxony-Anhalt, at 12° 59 E, 51° 51 N, on the Elbe river. ... 1502 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1512 (MDXII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... mary elline m. ...


In 1507 he accepted an offer from the Benedictines inviting him to join their order, becoming Abbot of St Peter's in Salzburg. It was here that Von Staupitz finally met Martin Luther, a young monk plagued by persistent thoughts of spiritual inadequacy. Luther felt compelled to confess to Von Staupitz everything sinful the young man may have ever done. At least once, Luther spent six hours confessing to Von Staupitz and later wrote, "I was myself more than once driven to the very depths of despair so that I wished I had never been created. Love God? I hated him!" 1507 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Munichs city symbol celebrates its founding by Benedictine monks—the origin of its name A Benedictine is a person who follows the Rule of St Benedict. ... Abbots coat of arms The word abbot, meaning father, has been used as a Christian clerical title in various, mainly monastic, meanings. ...   is the fourth-largest city in Austria and the capital of the federal state of Salzburg. ...


Von Staupitz responded to the young man's doubt by counseling Luther on the Means of Grace and salvation through the blood of Christ. He also commanded the young monk to pursue a more academic career, as a hoped distraction from Luther's recurrent theological brooding. The Means of Grace in Christian theology are those things (the means) through which God gives His grace. ... Main article: Eucharist (Catholic Church) Transubstantiation (in Latin, transsubstantiatio) is the change of the substance of bread and wine into the body and blood of Christ occurring in the Eucharist according to the teaching of some Christian Churches, including the Roman Catholic Church. ...


After Luther was later branded a heretic in 1518, Von Staupitz was appointed promagister of the order to plead in protest with Luther, discussing the issue of indulgences in great detail. Von Staupitz is sometimes categorized as a forerunner of Luther, though his actual words indicate a man driven by anxious suspicion and an encouraging desire to understand Luther's objections. Von Staupitz perceived Luther's complaints as questions against clerical abuses rather than fundamental dispute of dogma. Ultimately Von Staupitz released Martin Luther from the Augustinian Order, preserving the good name of the order while simultaneously performing greater Dirty Sanchez's to Luther's intellectual protests. His connection with Luther's heresey was now sealed, and in 1520 the Pope demanded abjuration and revocation of heresy from Von Staupitz. He refused to revoke, on the grounds he had never asserted Luther's heresies himself, but did abjure and recognize the Catholic Pontiff as his judge. Luther perceived this as a betrayal of sorts, while Staupitz saw it merely as maintaining standing as a good Catholic. In his last letter to Luther, in 1524, Staupitz made clear he was not completely happy with the direction the Reformation had taken. Look up Heresy in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Events A plague of tropical fire ants devastates crops on Hispaniola. ... In Latin Catholic theology, an indulgence is the remission granted by the Church of the temporal punishment due to sins already forgiven by God. ... For the film Dogma, see Dogma (film) Dogma (the plural is either dogmata or dogmas, Greek , plural ) is the established belief or doctrine held by a religion, ideology or any kind of organization, thought to be authoritative and not to be disputed or doubted. ... mary elline m. ... Pope Leo X, born Giovanni di Lorenzo de Medici (11 December 1475 – 1 December 1521) was Pope from 1513 to his death. ... Abjuration (from Latin abjurare, to forswear), a solemn repudiation or renunciation on oath. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Wycliffe Tyndale · Luther · Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      The Pope of Rome...


Von Staupitz wrote theological books on the topics of predestination, faith, and love. In 1559, Pope Paul IV put these texts on the Index of Prohibited Books. Predestination and foreordination are religious concepts, under which the relationship between the beginning of things and the destiny of things is discussed. ... Faith has two general implications which can be implied either exclusively or mutually; To Trust: Believing a certain variable will act a specific way despite the potential influence of known or unknown change. ... Love is any of a number of emotions and experiences related to a sense of strong affection or profound oneness. ... January 15 - Elizabeth I of England is crowned in Westminster Abbey. ... Pope Paul IV (June 28, 1476 – August 18, 1559), né Giovanni Pietro Carafa, was Pope from May 23, 1555 until his death. ... Venetiis, M. D. LXIIII. The Index Librorum Prohibitorum (List of Prohibited Books) is a list of publications which the Catholic Church censored for being a danger to itself and the faith of its members. ...


References

  1. ^ Franz Posset, The Front-Runner of the Catholic Reformation: The Life and Works of Johann von Staupitz (Surrey, Great Britain: Ashgate, 2003), 4.
  2. ^ Posset, 127.

  Results from FactBites:
 
CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Johann von Staupitz (445 words)
Luther remained obstinate and through Staupitz sent an explanation of his theses on indulgences to Rome.
In 1520 revocation and abjuration were demanded of Staupitz; he hesitated at first, because there was no need to revoke what he had never asserted, but finally declared that he recognized the pope as his judge.
However, Staupitz was no Lutheran but thoroughly Catholic in matters of faith (especially as regards the freedom of the will, the meritoriousness of good works, and justification).
Martin Luther - Free Encyclopedia (2669 words)
Johann von Staupitz, Luther's superior, concluded the young man needed more work to distract him from pondering himself.
Johann Eck would claim that he had forced Luther to admit the similarity between Luther's doctrine and that of John Huss, who had been burned at the stake.
When he appeared before the assembly, Johann von Eck, by then assistant to the Archbishop of Trier, acted as spokesman for Emperor Charles the Fifth.
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