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Encyclopedia > Joe 1
Joe One, the first Soviet atomic test.
The first Soviet bomb, "RDS-1" was an implosion-type bomb which closely resembled the U.S. "Fat Man" bomb even in its external appearance. The large "eyes" on the front are radar fuzes.
The first Soviet bomb, "RDS-1" was an implosion-type bomb which closely resembled the U.S. "Fat Man" bomb even in its external appearance. The large "eyes" on the front are radar fuzes.

Joe-1 (or Joe One; USSR version РДС-1, RDS-1) was the American codename for the first Soviet nuclear weapon test, in reference to Joseph Stalin, the Soviet leader. The bomb was tested on August 29, 1949 at Semipalatinsk, Kazakhstan. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x768, 159 KB)First Soviet Atomic test, Joe One From [1] tracing to [2] File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x768, 159 KB)First Soviet Atomic test, Joe One From [1] tracing to [2] File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... A nuclear test explosion is an experiment involving the detonation of a nuclear weapon. ... Image File history File linksMetadata RDS-1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata RDS-1. ... Fat Man is the codename of the atomic bomb that was detonated over Nagasaki, Japan, by the United States on August 9, 1945. ... A proximity fuze (also called a VT fuze, for variable time) is a fuze that is designed to detonate an explosive automatically when the distance to target becomes smaller than a predetermined value or when the target passes through a given plane. ... Soviet redirects here. ... The mushroom cloud of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan, 1945, rose some 18 kilometers (11 mi) above the hypocenter A nuclear weapon derives its destructive force from nuclear reactions of fusion or fission. ... Preparation for an underground nuclear test at the Nevada Test Site in the 1980s. ... Josef Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili (Georgian: , Ioseb Besarionis Dze Jughashvili; Russian: , Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili) (December 18 [O.S. December 6] 1878[1] – March 5, 1953), better known by his adopted name, Joseph Stalin (alternatively transliterated Josef Stalin), was General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Unions Central Committee from... is the 241st day of the year (242nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1949 calendar). ... The Semipalatinsk Test Site (STS) was the primary testing venue for the Soviet Unions nuclear weapons. ...


The yield was 22 kilotons of TNT, similar to the United States' "Gadget" and "Fat Man" bombs. At Lavrenty Beria's insistence, it was similar to the design of the American "Fat Man", which had been dropped on Nagasaki, Japan. It was called First Lightning (Первая молния, Pervaya molniya) by the Soviets. Its development was years ahead of American military-intelligence projections and came as quite a shock to the United States. A megaton or megatonne is a unit of mass equal to 1,000,000 metric tons, i. ... R-phrases S-phrases Related Compounds Related compounds picric acid hexanitrobenzene Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 Â°C, 100 kPa) Infobox disclaimer and references Trinitrotoluene (TNT) is a chemical compound with the formula C6H2(NO2)3CH3. ... The gadget, partially assembled on the shot tower for the Trinity test. ... Fat Man is the codename of the atomic bomb that was detonated over Nagasaki, Japan, by the United States on August 9, 1945. ... Lavrenty Beria Lavrentiy Pavlovich Beria (Georgian: ლავრენტი ბერია; Russian: Лаврентий Павлович Берия; (29 March 1899 – 23 December 1953), was a Soviet politician and chief of the Soviet security and police apparatus. ... Nagasaki ) ( ) is the capital and the largest city of Nagasaki Prefecture in Japan. ...


Various explanations have been given for the USSR code-name of RDS-1. It is usually explained as an arbitrary designation which was backronymed as "Stalin's Rocket Engine" (Реактивный двигатель Сталина, Reaktivnyi Dvigatel Stalina) or "Russia does it herself" (Россия делает сама, Rossiya Delayet Sama). Later weapons continued the RDS designations with different model numbers following. A backronym (or bacronym) is a phrase that is constructed after the fact from a previously existing abbreviation, the abbreviation being an initialism or an acronym. ...


See also

Andrei Sakharov (left) with Igor Kurchatov (right) The Soviet project to develop an atomic bomb began during World War II in the Soviet Union. ... The first (not true) Soviet Hydrogen (Super) Test, dubbed Joe 4 Joe 4 was an American nickname for the first Soviet test of a hydrogen bomb and was on August 12, 1953. ... Image File history File links Chagan_nuclear_test. ...

External links

  • Information about Joe 1 from Carey Sublette's NuclearWeaponArchive.org
  • http://www.atomicmuseum.com/tour/coldwar.cfm
  • http://www.kazakhembus.com/Nuc_gp.html
  • Video of the Joe-1 Nuclear Test

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JOE is free software; you can distribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation.
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