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Encyclopedia > Joe Black
Joe Black

Joe Black

Personal Info
Birth February 8, 1924, Plainfield, New Jersey
Death: May 17, 2002, Scottsdale, Arizona
Professional Career
Debut May 1, 1952, Brooklyn Dodgers vs. ,
Team(s) As Player

Brooklyn Dodgers (19521955) Cincinnati Redlegs (1956- 1957) Washington Senators (1958) February 8 is the 39th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1924 (MCMXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Plainfield is a city located in Union County, which is in the northeastern part of New Jersey. ... May 17 is the 137th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (138th in leap years). ... For the Cusco album, see 2002 (album). ... Scottsdale ([[Oodham language|Oodham Pima]: Vaṣai S-veṣonĭ) is a city located in Maricopa County, Arizona, USA. Named by the New York Times as The Beverly Hills of the Desert and by Travel Channel as one of the most luxurious destinations in the nation, Scottsdale has... May 1 is the 121st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (122nd in leap years). ... 1952 (MCMLII) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... For the 1930s NFL team, see Brooklyn Dodgers (football). ... For the 1930s NFL team, see Brooklyn Dodgers (football). ... See also: 1951 in sports, 1953 in sports and the list of years in sports. Auto Racing NASCAR Championship - Tim Flock AAA Racing: Troy Ruttman won the Indianapolis 500 Chuck Stevenson won the season championship Formula One Championship - Italy 24 hours of Le Mans: Hermann Lang / Fritz Reiss won, driving... See also: 1954 in sports, other events of 1955, 1956 in sports and the list of years in sports. // Auto Racing NASCAR Championship - Tim Flock AAA Racing: Bob Sweikert won the Indianapolis 500 Bob Sweikert won the season championship Formula One Championship - Juan Manuel Fangio of Argentina 24 hours of... The Cincinnati Reds are a Major League Baseball team based in Cincinnati, Ohio. ... See also: 1955 in sports, other events of 1956, 1957 in sports and the list of years in sports. // Auto Racing NASCAR Championship - Buck Baker The United States Auto Club (USAC) was founded to take over race sanctioning from the American Automobile Association (AAA). ... See also: 1956 in sports, other events of 1957, 1958 in sports and the list of years in sports. // Auto Racing NASCAR Championship - Buck Baker Indianapolis 500 - Sam Hanks USAC Racing - Jimmy Bryan won the season championship Formula One Championship - Juan Manuel Fangio of Argentina 24 hours of Le Mans... The Washington Senators can refer to: The Washington Senators (officially named the Washington Nationals during the 1905–1956 seasons), an American League baseball team based in Washington, D.C. from 1901 to 1960. ... See also: 1957 in sports, other events of 1958, 1959 in sports and the list of years in sports. // Auto Racing NASCAR Championship - Lee Petty Indianapolis 500 - Jimmy Bryan USAC Racing - Tony Bettenhausen won the season championship Formula One Championship - Mike Hawthorn of Great Britain February 23 - Cuban rebels kidnap...

Career Highlights

Joe Black was a right-handed Major League pitcher for the Brooklyn Dodgers, Cincinnati Redlegs, and Washington Senators who became the first black pitcher to win a World Series game in 1952. Black died on Friday May 17th of prostate cancer. He was 78. This article refers to the American baseball league. ... The Rookie of the Year award is given by a number of North American sports leagues to the top first-time professional athlete of the season. ... 1952 (MCMLII) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1952 (MCMLII) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Major League Baseball (MLB) is the highest level of play in professional baseball in North America. ... For the 1930s NFL team, see Brooklyn Dodgers (football). ... The Cincinnati Reds are a Major League Baseball team based in Cincinnati, Ohio. ... The Washington Senators can refer to: The Washington Senators (officially named the Washington Nationals during the 1905–1956 seasons), an American League baseball team based in Washington, D.C. from 1901 to 1960. ... May 17 is the 137th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (138th in leap years). ...

Contents


Early Life and College

A native of Plainfield, N.J., Black attended on a baseball scholarship and graduated from Morgan State in 1950 and later received an honorary doctorate from Shaw University.


Negro and Minor Leagues

Black helped the Baltimore Elite Giants of the Negro Leagues win 2 championships in 7 years. He and Jackie Robinson pushed for a pension plan for Negro League players and was instrumental in the inclusion of players who played before 1947. Black then played for a year in the Brooklyn Dodger's minor league system. Nashville Elite Giants Leagues Independent (1921-1929) Negro National League (the first) (1930) Negro Southern League (1932) Negro National League (the second) (1933-1948) Negro American League (1949-1950) Significant Players Satchel Paige The Nashville Elite Giants were a professional baseball team that played in the Negro Leagues. ... Part of the History of baseball series. ... Jackie Robinson in his now-retired number 42 jersey. ... Part of the History of baseball series. ... Minor leagues in the sense intended in this article are professional sports leagues which are not regarded as the premier leagues in those sports. ...


Call up to Brooklyn

The Dodgers promoted Black to the major leagues in 1952, five years after teammate Jackie Robinson broke baseball's color barrier. Black was 28 when he reached the majors. He roomed with Jackie while with Brooklyn, and was dominant out of the bullpen, chosen Rookie of the Year after winning 15 games and saving 15 others for the National League champions. He had a 2.15 ERA but, with 142 innings pitched, fell 8 innings short of winning the ERA title. Jackie Robinson in his now-retired number 42 jersey. ...


Strapped for pitching, Dodgers manager Chuck Dressen brought Black out of the bullpen and started him 3 times in 7 days in the 1952 World Series against the New York Yankees. He won the opener with a 6-hitter over Allie Reynolds, 4-2, then lost the 4th game, 2-0, and the 7th, 4-2.


Black's Decline

The next spring after the World Series, Dressen urged Black to add some pitches to his strong fastball and tight curve. He tried but lost control of his two basic pitches in the process and didn't regain his dominance until 1955. After three more seasons with Brooklyn, Black drifted to Cincinnati and Washington and was out of baseball by 1958. In 6 seasons, he compiled a 30-12 record, half of his wins coming in his rookie season.


After Baseball

After his career ended, Black became an executive with Greyhound in Phoenix.


In addition to lobbying for black players, he remained in baseball through his affiliation with the commissioner's office, where he consulted with players about career choices.


He was a board director of the Baseball Assistance Team and worked for the Arizona Diamondbacks in community relations after they joined the NL in 1998. Black was a regular in the Diamondbacks' dugout during batting practice and in the press box.


He wrote a syndicated column, "By The Way," for Ebony magazine and an autobiography, "Ain't Nobody Better Than You."


Comments on Black

"Joe Black was a tremendous human being," Arizona manager Bob Brenly said. "He always had positive words for me. His parting words were always, `Make sure you do it your way.' He must have told me that a hundred times last year. "He was a diehard Diamondbacks fan. He loved this team and I'm just glad we had a chance to win a World Series for him."


"He was a Dodger, but he was a giant of a man," former NL president Len Coleman said. "He was the greatest friend, and his loss leaves the world a lot more empty."


"His legacy is the thought that unheralded players can rise to the heights, that someone who at the time was considered an ordinary athlete could wind up pitching Game 1 of the World Series," said Vin Scully, the Dodgers' play-by-play announcer since 1951.


"He loved the game and he loved to talk the game," said Montreal manager Frank Robinson, who was friends with Black and visited him this month when the Expos were in Phoenix. "He was a great guy, a jolly guy, a real fun guy," said New York Yankees bench coach Don Zimmer, a teammate with the Dodgers. "It's sad to lose him."


External Links

Joe Black entry in Baseball Almanac


  Results from FactBites:
 
Joe Black (1924-2002) (595 words)
Joe Black, the Brooklyn Dodgers' right-hander who became the first fl pitcher to win a World Series game in 1952, died Friday May 17th of prostate cancer.
Black was 28 when he reached the majors after helping the Baltimore Elite Giants of the Negro Leagues win 2 championships in 7 years.
Black was a regular in the Diamondbacks' dugout during batting practice and in the press box.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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