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Encyclopedia > Jodhpur
  ?Jodhpur
Rajasthan • India
Coordinates: 26°17′N 73°01′E / 26.28, 73.02
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area
Elevation
75.50 km² (29 sq mi)
• 231 m (758 ft)
District(s) Jodhpur
Population
Density
Metro
846,408[1] (2001)
• 11,210/km² (Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character ","/sq mi)
• 951,000[2] (2005)
Mayor Dr. Om Kumari Gehlot
Codes
Pincode
Telephone
Vehicle

• 342001
• ++91-291
• RJ 19

Coordinates: 26°17′N 73°01′E / 26.28, 73.02 Jodhpur pronunciation  (जोधपुर), is the second largest city in the Indian state of Rajasthan. It was formerly the seat of a princely state of the same name, also known as Marwar. Jodhpur is a popular tourist destination, featuring many beautiful palaces, forts and temples, apart from a stark, scenic desert landscape. The city is known as the "Sun City" for the bright, sunny weather it enjoys all year. It is also referred as the Blue city, due to the indigo tinge of the whitewashed houses around the Mehrangarh Fort. The blue houses were originally for Brahmins but non-Brahmins soon joined in, as the color was said to deflect the heat and keep mosquitoes away. Jodhpur lies near the geographic center of Rajasthan state, which makes it a convenient base for travel in a region much frequented by tourists. The old city of Jodhpur is surrounded by a thick stone wall. The wall has six huge gates called Nagauri gate, Merati gate, Sojati gate, Jalori gate, Siwanchi gate and Chand pol. , Rājasthān (DevanāgarÄ«: राजस्थान, IPA: )   is the largest state of the Republic of India in terms of area. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Locator_Dot. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... Location of Mirzapur and the 82. ... The geography of India is diverse, with landscape ranging from snow-capped mountain ranges to deserts, plains, rainforests, hills, and plateaus. ... Basic Definition In geography, the elevation of a geographic location is its height above mean sea level (or some other fixed point). ... To help compare different orders of magnitude and geographical regions, we list here areas between 100 km² and 1000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... The divisions of a district. ... Jodhpur District is a district of the state of Rajasthan in western India. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and also: The International Year of the Volunteer The United Nations Year of Dialogue Among Civilizations Events January January 1 - A black monolith measuring approximately nine feet tall appears in Seattles Magnuson Park, placed by an anonymous... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A Postal Index Number or PIN or Pincode is the post office numbering or post code system used by the Indian Postal Service (similar to the ZIP Code in the United States). ... For the past decade or so, telecommunication activities have gained momentum in India. ... Licence plates on the back of a taxi in Kolkata. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Image File history File links Jodhpur. ... Look up city, City in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A state is a political association with effective dominion over a geographic area. ... , Rājasthān (DevanāgarÄ«: राजस्थान, IPA: )   is the largest state of the Republic of India in terms of area. ... A princely state is any state under the reign of a prince and is thus a principality taken in the broad sense. ... Marwar (मारवाड़) is a region of southwestern Rajasthan state in western India. ... A tourist boat travels the River Seine in Paris, France Tourism can be defined as the act of travel for the purpose of recreation, and the provision of services for this act. ... The quintessential medieval European palace: Palais de la Cité, in Paris, the royal palace of France. ... Fortifications (Latin fortis, strong, and facere, to make) are military constructions designed for defensive warfare. ... Temple of Hephaestus, an Doric Greek temple in Athens with the original entrance facing east, 449 BC (western face depicted) For other uses, see Temple (disambiguation). ... This article is about arid terrain. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Blue City was a thriller written in 1947 by Ross Macdonald, originally released under his real name, Kenneth Millar. ... Indigo is the color on the spectrum between about 450 and 420 nm in wavelength, placing it between blue and violet. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... City wall in Worms, Germany City wall in Worms, Germany City wall in Valence, France 1. ...

Contents

Geography

Jodhpur is located at 26.29° N 73.03° E[3]. It has an average elevation of 232 metres (761 feet). The metre (American English:meter) is a measure of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ...


History

Jodhpur was founded in 1459 by Rao Jodha, a Rajput chief belonging to the Rathore clan. Rao Jodha succeeded in conquering the surrounding territory and thus founded a state which came to be known as Marwar. As Rao Jodha hailed from the nearby town of Mandore, that town initially served as the capital of this state; however, Jodhpur soon took over that role, even during the lifetime of Rao Jodha. The city was located on the strategic road linking Delhi to Gujarat. This enabled it to profit from a flourishing trade in opium, copper, silk, sandals, date palms and coffee. Events September 23 - Battle of Blore Heath. ... Rao Jodha was a suryavanshi rajput of rathore cula. ... Rajput is a Hindu Kshatriya caste. ... Chief can refer to : Paramount chief is the highest political leader in a region or country typically administered with a chief-based system. ... The Mehrangarh fort, Jodhpur The Rathore or Rathor or Rathod (Hindi: राठौड, IAST: or , Urdu: راٹھور) is a Rajput tribe of India. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Marwar (मारवाड़) is a region of southwestern Rajasthan state in western India. ... Mandore is a town located 9 km north of Jodhpur city, in the Indian state of Rajasthan. ... Ronda, Spain Main street in Bastrop, Texas, a small town A town is a community of people ranging from a few hundred to several thousands, although it may be applied loosely even to huge metropolitan areas. ... This article is about a city that serves as a center of government and politics. ... , Delhi (Hindi: , Punjabi: , Urdu: ) sometimes referred to as Dilli, is the second-largest metropolis in India after Mumbai with a population of 13 million. ... , Gujarat (Gujarati: , IPA:  ) is a state in the Republic of India. ... It has been suggested that Commerce be merged into this article or section. ... This article does not adequately cite its references. ... General Name, Symbol, Number copper, Cu, 29 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 4, d Appearance metallic pinkish red Standard atomic weight 63. ... Silk dresses Silk is a natural protein fiber, some forms of which can be woven into textiles. ... Modern multi-colored Sandalette Yoga sandals In some parts of the United States, this type of sandal is referred to in slang as the mandal in that it is worn primarily by men. ... Binomial name Phoenix dactylifera L. The Date Palm (Phoenix dactylifera) is a palm extensively cultivated for its edible fruit. ... A cup of coffee. ...

Jodhpur Panorama, spotted from the Mehrangarh Fort.
Jodhpur Panorama, spotted from the Mehrangarh Fort.

Early in its history, the state became a fief under the mughal empire, owing fealty to them while enjoying some internal autonomy. During this period, the state furnished the mughals with several notable generals such as Maharaja Jaswant Singh. Jodhpur and its people benefited from this exposure to the wider world: new styles of art and architecture made their appearance and opportunities opened up for local tradesmen to make their mark across northern India. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 280 pixel Image in higher resolution (2060 × 720 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 280 pixel Image in higher resolution (2060 × 720 pixel, file size: 1. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Panoramic photography. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Under the system of feudalism, a fiefdom, fief, feud or fee, consisted of heritable lands or revenue-producing property granted by a liege lord in return for a vassal knights service (usually fealty, military service, and security). ... Flag Mughal Empire at its greatest extent in 1700 Capital Agra, Delhi Language(s) Persian (initially also Chagatai; later also Urdu) Government Monarchy List of Mughal emperors  - 1526-1530 Babur  - 1530–1539 and after restoration 1555–1556 Humayun  - 1556–1605 Akbar  - 1605–1627 Jahangir  - 1628–1658 Shah Jahan  - 1659–1707... Roland pledges his fealty to Charlemagne; from a manuscript of a chanson de geste. ... Look up autonomy, autonomous in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Mughal Empire (alternative spelling Mogul, which is the origin of the word Mogul) of India was founded by Babur in 1526, when he defeated Ibrahim Lodi, the last of the Delhi Sultans at the First Battle of Panipat. ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Maharaja Jaswant Singh was a suryavanshi rajput of rathore cula. ... The Bath, a painting by Mary Cassatt (1844–1926). ... Section of the dome of Florence Cathedral. ...


Aurangzeb briefly sequesterated the state (c.1679) on the pretext of a minority, but the rightful ruler was restored to the throne after Aurangzeb died in 1707. The mughal empire declined gradually after 1707, but the Jodhpur court was beset by intrigue; rather than benefitting from circumstances, Marwar descended into strife and invited the intervention of the Marathas, who soon supplanted the mughals as overlords of the region. This however did not make for stability or peace; 50 years of ruinous wars and humiliating treaties dissipated the wealth of the state, which sought and gratefully entered into 'subsidiary alliance' with the British in 1818. Aurangzeb (Persian: ), also known as Alamgir I (Persian: ), (November 3, 1618 – March 3, 1707) was the ruler of the Mughal Empire from 1658 until his death. ... The Marāthās (Marathi: , also Mahrattas) form an Indo Aryan group of Hindu warriors and peasants hailing mostly from the present-day state of Maharashtra, who created a the expansive Maratha Empire, covering a major part of India, in the late 17th and 18th centuries. ...

View of the Rajasthan High Court, Sardar museum in Umaid Park and upper right is Jodhpur fort in 1960.
View of the Rajasthan High Court, Sardar museum in Umaid Park and upper right is Jodhpur fort in 1960.

During the British Raj, the state of Jodhpur was the largest in Rajputana, if size be reckoned by land area. Jodhpur prospered under the peace and stability that were a hallmark of this era. Its merchants, the Marwaris, flourished without let or limit and came to occupy a position of dominance in trade across India. In 1947, when India became independent, the state merged unto the union of India and Jodhpur became the second city of Rajasthan. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (995x626, 35 KB)This picture is one of my own collections of Jodhpur 1960. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (995x626, 35 KB)This picture is one of my own collections of Jodhpur 1960. ... The flag of British India British India, circa 1860 The British Raj (Raj in Hindi meaning Rule; from Sanskrit Rajya) was the British rule between 1858 and 1947 of the Indian Subcontinent, which included the present-day India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Burma (Myanmar), whereby these lands were under the colonial... Marwari may refer to: Marwari Site, Connecting Marwaris :TheMarwari. ... ...


Judiciary

Rajasthan High Court The Rajasthan High Court is the High Court of the state of Rajasthan. ...


Education

Jai Narain Vyas University was formerly known as University of Jodhpur and is situated in Jodhpur city in Indian state of Rajasthan. ... Please wikify (format) this article as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Dr. S.N. Medical College, Jodhpur is the medical college situated in Jodhpur city of Rajasthan state in India. ... MBM Engineering College at Jai Narain Vyas University in Jodhpur is considered one of the pioneering technical institutions in Rajasthan, India. ...

Economy

Chili crop outside Jodhpur

The Handicrafts industry has in recent years eclipsed all other industries in the city. By some estimates, the furniture export segment is a $200 million industry, directly or indirectly employing as many as 200,000 people. Other items manufactured include textiles, metal utensils, bicycles, ink and sporting goods. A flourishing cottage industry exists for the manufacture of such items as glass bangles, cutlery, carpets and marble products. After handicrafts, tourism is the second largest industry of Jodhpur. Jodhpur: the chilly bowl of India. ... Jodhpur: the chilly bowl of India. ... A handicraft shop in Delhi, India Handicraft, also known as craftwork or simply craft, is a type of work where useful and decorative devices are made completely by hand or using only simple tools. ...


Crops grown in the district include wheat and the famous Mathania red chillies. Gypsum and salt are mined. The city serves as an important marketplace for wool and agricultural products. It has been suggested that Selenite be merged into this article or section. ...


The Indian Air Force, Indian Army and Border Security Force maintain training centers at Jodhpur. The Indian Air Force (भारतीय वायु सेना : Bharatiya Vayu Sena) is the air-arm of the Armed Forces of India and has the prime responsibility of conducting aerial warfare and securing the Indian airspace. ... The Indian Army is one of the armed forces of India and has responsibility for land-based military operations. ... The Border Security Force (BSF), established on December 1, 1965, is responsible for guarding Indias land borders during peacetime and preventing trans-border crimes. ...


Monuments

Osiyan Temple
Osiyan Temple

A number of historical monuments dot the city and surrounding region. Some of these monuments are described here. Osiyan Temple: view from the Temple looking down the stairs. ... Osiyan Temple: view from the Temple looking down the stairs. ...


Osiyan Temple: An ancient Jain temple, well worth the visit, lies in the village of Osiyan, about 60 km outside Jodhpur. There are many sections of this temple, which was built in several distinct phases. Osian (Osiyan) is an ancient town located in the Jodhpur District of Rajasthan state in western India. ...


Umaid Bhawan Palace:The Umaid Bhawan Palace is not only one of India's most imposing palaces but also among its most recent. This lavish art deco monument to royal living had an improbable conception: it was built as a public relief and employment project during a long period of drought. Over one million square feet (90,000 m²) of the finest marble was used in the construction of the palace. A special type of sandstone, called Chittar sandstone, has been used in constructing the palace and this gives it a special effect. For this reason, it is also referred to as Chittar Palace by the locals. Umaid Bhavan Palace Umaid Bhawan Palace is a palace located at Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India. ...

Bird's eye view of Umaid Bhawan Palace, Jodhpur

Its style of construction, with beautiful balconies, charming courtyards, green gardens and stately rooms, makes it a fine example of Indo-Saracenic architecture. The project employed three thousand artisans over a period of 15 years (1929-1943). The palace is named after its builder, Maharaja Umaid Singh, who was incidentally the president of the British Royal Institute of Architects In 1977, the palace was converted into a heritage hotel. The Palace is now segmented into the royal residence, the Heritage Hotel and the museum. Its 98 air-conditioned rooms are elegantly decorated with antique furniture as well as all the other amenities of a five star hotel. Image File history File links Bird_eye_view_of_Umaid_Bhawan_Palace,_Jodhpur. ... Image File history File links Bird_eye_view_of_Umaid_Bhawan_Palace,_Jodhpur. ... Government Museum in Chennai. ...


Mehrangarh Fort: The Mehrangarh Fort lies at the outskirts of Jodhpur city and is located atop a 125 m high hill. The magnificent Mehrangarh Fort (Jodhpur ka kila) is the most majestic and one of the largest forts in India. It was originally started (c.1459) by Rao Jodha, founder of Jodhpur. However, most of the extant fort dates from the period of Jaswant Singh (1638-78). The walls of the fort are up to 36 m high and 21 m wide; they enclose some exquisite structures. This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Maharaja Jaswant Singh was a suryavanshi rajput of rathore cula. ...

Mehrangarh Fort & Jaswant Thada
Mehrangarh Fort & Jaswant Thada

The fort museum houses an exquisite collection of palanquins, howdahs, royal cradles, miniatures, musical instruments, costumes and furniture. The ramparts of Mehrangarh Fort provide not only excellently preserved cannons but also a breath-taking view of the city. Image File history File links Mehrangarh_Fort_&_Jaswant_Thada,_Jodhpur,_Jan. ... Image File history File links Mehrangarh_Fort_&_Jaswant_Thada,_Jodhpur,_Jan. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ...


Jaswant Thada: The Jaswant Thada is architectural landmark found in Jodhpur. It is a white marble memorial built in 1899 in memory of Maharja Jaswant Singh II. The monument, in its entirety, is built out of intricately carved sheets of marble. These stones are extremely thin and polished so that they emit a warm glow when the sun's rays dance across their surface. Within this cenotaph, there are also two more tombs. The Jaswant Thada is architecural landmark found in Jodhpur. ...


Kaman: A contemporary art gallery is a one of most fascinating art center of jodhpur's artists .


Other places to see

  • Girdikot and Sardar market
  • Maha Mandir ( temple)
  • Government Museum
  • Mandor park
  • kaman art gallery

Excursions

  • Mandore
  • Kalinga Lake and Garden
  • Balsamand Lake
  • Sardar Samand lake and palace
  • Dhawa ( Dholi) forest area
  • Khichan
  • Osian

Mandore is a town located 9 km north of Jodhpur city, in the Indian state of Rajasthan. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Osian (Osiyan) is an ancient town located in the Jodhpur District of Rajasthan state in western India. ...

Fairs and festivals

Gangaur is an auspicious local festival of Rajasthan and is celebrated with great zeal and devotion particularly in Jaipur. ... Teej (Nepali: तीज)is a fasting festival for Hindu women of some parts of India and Nepal. ...

Cuisine

A number of Indian delicacies have originated in Jodhpur . To name a few, the delectable Makhaniya Lassi, Mawa Kachori, Pyaaj Kachori, Hot & Spicy Mirchibada (A preparation made with potato, onion, chili and gramflour), Panchkuta, lapsi (a special kind of desert made with wheat, gud (raw sugar), and ghee), kachar mircha curry (specially made with chili and kachar, a special type of vegetable grown in desert area) and Kadhi (specially made with gramflour, curd and chili). It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Lassi. ... Pyaj Ki Kachori (pronunced as Pyäj ki k-chō-rē) is a kind of Indian donut stuffed with onion. ...


Demographics

As of 2001 India censusGRIndia, Jodhpur had a population of 846,408. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Jodhpur has an average literacy rate of 67%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 75%, and female literacy is 58%. In Jodhpur, 14% of the population is under 6 years of age. 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and also: The International Year of the Volunteer The United Nations Year of Dialogue Among Civilizations Events January January 1 - A black monolith measuring approximately nine feet tall appears in Seattles Magnuson Park, placed by an anonymous... 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ...


See also

  • This entry concerns the Indian city, for the article of clothing, see Jodhpurs

Notable people from Jodhpur Pertab Singh of Idar Maharaja Umed Singh Maharaja Hanwant Singh Rajmata Krishna Kumari Maharaja Gaj Singh Jai Narayan Vyas Barkatullah Khan Ashok Gehlot Poonam Chand Vishnoi Jaswant Singh Bishnoi D R Mehta ,ex chairman of SEBI Man Mohan Sharma Justice Kan Singh Parihar[1] Justice Chand... Mandore is a town located 9 km north of Jodhpur city, in the Indian state of Rajasthan. ... Marwar (मारवाड़) is a region of southwestern Rajasthan state in western India. ... Bamnera is a small town situated 14 km away from the city of Shivganj, India, which is on the Jodhpur- Ahmedabad national highway no. ... This entry concerns an article of clothing, for the Indian city, see Jodhpur Jodhpurs are tight-fitting trousers worn primarily for horse riding. ...

Reference

  1. ^ Census India - Rajasthan, p.11
  2. ^ United Nations World Urbanization Prospects
  3. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Jodhpur

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
History of Jodhpur,Origin of Jodhpur in India,Jodhpur History in Rajasthan India (3726 words)
The history of Jodhpur is a epic of the courage and chivalry, conceive with sensational tales of battles and Rajput sacrifices.
Jodhpur history is full of politically galvanized weddings between Mughal kings and Rathore princess.Travel to Jodhpur, India to unfold the captivating past of Jodhpur full of stupefaction, mystery and royalty.
Jodhpur hereafter assisted Akbar in many of his conquests and Sur Singh who succeeded Udai, served with the imperial forces in Lahore and was instrumental in capturing Gujarat and much of Deccan for Akbar.
Jodhpur: Definition and Much More from Answers.com (1476 words)
Jodhpur is a popular tourist destination, featuring many beautiful palaces, forts and temples, apart from a stark, scenic desert landscape.
The mughal empire declined gradually after 1707, but the Jodhpur court was beset by intrigue; rather than benefitting from circumstances, Marwar descended into strife and invited the intervention of the Marathas, who soon supplanted the mughals as overlords of the region.
Jodhpur has an average literacy rate of 67%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 75%, and female literacy is 58%.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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