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Encyclopedia > Joanna, Duchess of Brabant

Joanna, Duchess of Brabant (1322–1406) was the heiress of Duke Jan III, who died in Brussels, December 5, 1355. The famous document, the foundation of the rule of law in Brabant called the Blijde Inkomst ("Joyous Entry"), was arrived at in January 1355/6, in order to assure Joanna and her consort Wenceslaus of Luxemburg peacable entry into their capital and to settle the inheritance of the Duchy of Brabant on her "natural heirs", who were Joanna's sisters, they being more acceptable to the burghers of Brabant than rule by the House of Luxembourg. Jan III van Brabant, also called John III the Triumphantor, was born in 1300 and died in Brussels on December 5, 1355. ... December 5 is the 339th day (340th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Historically, Brabant has been the name of several administrative entities in the Low Countries with quite different geographical extent: as Carolingian shire (pagus Bracbatensis), located between the rivers Scheldt and Dijle (between 9th-11th century); as landgraviat: the part of the shire between the rivers Dender and Dijle (from 1085... The Joyous Entry (Blijde Inkomst in Dutch, Joyeuse Entrée in French), implying the peaceable entry of the Duke of Brabant into his city of Brussels—is the charter of liberties granted to the Duchy of Brabant following the death in 1355 of its Duke, Jan III; the document is... Wenceslaus (German: Wenzel, Czech: Václav IV; sometimes known as the Drunkard) (February 26, 1361 – August 16, 1419), of the house of Luxembourg, was king of Bohemia from 1378 to his death; until 1400, he also headed the Holy Roman Empire (as King of the Romans), and he continued to... Brabant is a former duchy in the Low Countries, and a former province of Belgium. ... Historically, Brabant has been the name of several administrative entities in the Low Countries with quite different geographical extent: as Carolingian shire (pagus Bracbatensis), located between the rivers Scheldt and Dijle (between 9th-11th century); as landgraviat: the part of the shire between the rivers Dender and Dijle (from 1085... Foundation Henry VII, (In German: Heinrich), ca. ...


As events transpired, the document was a dead letter, with the military incursion into Brabant of the Count of Flanders, Louis II, who had married Margaret, Joanna's younger sister, and considered himself Duke of Brabant by right of his wife. By August 1356 Joanna and Wencelaus had called upon the Emperor, Charles IV to support them by force of arms. Charles met at Maastricht with the parties concerned, including representatives of the towns, and all agreed to nullify certain terms of the Blijde Inkomst, to satisfy the Habsburg. The counts of Flanders ruled over the county of Flanders from the 9th century. ... Louis II of Flanders (October 25, 1330, Mâle – January 30, 1384, Lille), known as Louis of Mâle, was the son of Louis I of Flanders and Marguerite of France, and Count of Flanders. ... Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor. ... Maastricht (Limburgish and city dialect: Mestreech; French: Maestricht) is a municipality, and capital of the province of Limburg. ... Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy; also used as the flag of the Austrian Empire until the Ausgleich of 1867. ...


On Joanna's death, by agreement the Duchy passed to Antoine de Valois, the younger son of her sister Margaret de Dampierre, Countess of Flanders, who had married Philip II, Duke of Burgundy. Antoine of Burgundy (August 1384 – October 25, 1415, in the battle of Agincourt), was Duke of Brabant and Limburg and Margrave of Antwerp. ... Margaret of Dampierre (1350–1405) was Countess of Flanders and twice Duchess of Burgundy. ... Philip II, Duke of Burgundy Philip II, Duke of Burgundy, known as the Bold (Philippe II de Bourgogne, le Hardi in French) (January 15, 1342, Pontoise – April 27, 1404, Halle), was the fourth son of King John II of France and his wife, Bonne (Judith), daughter of the king and...


Joanna's first marriage, in 1334, had been to William IV, Count of Holland (13071345), who had died in battle without producing an heir, thus foiling any project of unifying their territories. William IV of Avesnes (1307 - September 26, 1345) was count of Hainaut and Holland from 1337 to his death, succeeding his father, William III. He married Joan, Duchess of Brabant and Limburg in 1334, but had no issue. ... Events July - The Knights Hospitaller begin their conquest of Rhodes. ... Events Miracle of the Host Births October 31 - King Fernando I of Portugal (died 1383) Agnès of Valois, daughter of John II of France (died 1349) Eleanor Maltravers, English noblewoman (died 1405) Deaths April 14 - Richard Aungerville, English writer and bishop (born 1287) September 16 - John IV, Duke of...


See also: Dukes of Brabant family tree This is a family tree of the Dukes of Brabant from 1139, when the count of Louvain becomes Duke of Lower Lorraine, to 1430. ...

Preceded by:
John III, Duke of Brabant
Duchess of Brabant, Lothier and Limburg
1312–1355
Succeeded by:
Antoine de Valois

 
 

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