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Encyclopedia > Joan Miró
Joan Miró
Joan Miró
Woman and Bird (Barcelona)

Joan Miró (April 20, 1893December 25, 1983) was a painter, sculptor and ceramist born in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Download high resolution version (996x1912, 300 KB)This photo was taken by Dibuap on June 30th, 2004. ... Download high resolution version (996x1912, 300 KB)This photo was taken by Dibuap on June 30th, 2004. ... April 20 is the 110th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (111th in leap years). ... 1893 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... December 25 is the 359th day of the year (360th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 6 days remaining. ... 1983 is an integer and composite number that represents a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Mona Lisa is perhaps the best-known artistic painting in the Western world. ... Ancient Greeks depiction of ideal form of the body is expressed through sculpture such as this one. ... The word ceramic is derived from the Greek word Κεραμεικος (the name of a suburb of Athens), and in its strictest sense refers to clay in all its forms. ... Barcelona within Barcelonès Population (2003) 1,582,738 Area 1004 Km2 Population density (2001) 15,764/Km2 Barcelona is the capital of Catalonia, an autonomous region in northeastern Spain (41°23′ N 2°11′ E). ... Capital Barcelona Official languages Spanish and Catalan In Val dAran, also Aranese. ...


Drawn to the artistic community gathering in Montparnasse, in 1920 he moved to Paris, where, under the influence of Surrealist poets and writers he developed his unique style. His surrealist works are considered amongst the most original of the 20th century. The Montparnasse Tower, which at 209m was the tallest building in Western Europe when it was built. ... 1920 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar) Events January January 7 - Forces of Russian White admiral Kolchak surrender in Krasnoyarsk. ... Surrealism is an artistic movement and an aesthetic philosophy that aims for the liberation of the mind by emphasizing the critical and imaginative powers of the subconscious. ... Poets are authors of poems, or of other forms of poetry such as dramatic verse. ... The term writer can apply to anyone who creates a written work, but the word more usually designates those who write creatively or professionally, or those who have written in many different forms. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999 in the...


In 1926, he collaborated with Max Ernst on designs for Sergei Diaghilev. With Miró's help, Max Ernst pioneered grattage in which he troweled pigment from his canvases. 1926 was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Max Ernst Max Ernst (April 2, 1891 – April 1, 1976) was a German painter. ... Sergei Pavlovich Diaghilev (Сергей Павлович Дягилев) (March 19, 1872 – August 19, 1929), often known as Serge, was a Russian ballet impresario and founder of the Ballets Russes from which many famous dancers and choreographers would later arise. ... Surrealism in art, poetry, and literature utilizes numerous unique techniques and games to provide inspiration. ...


Miró married Pilar Juncosa in Palma de Mallorca on October 12, 1929, and on July 17, 1931 the couple had a daughter, Dolores. Palma (old Spanish name Palma de Mallorca) is the major city and port in the island of Majorca (in Catalan: Mallorca) and capital city of the autonomous community of the Balearic Islands in Spain. ... October 12 is the 285th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (286th in leap years). ... 1929 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... July 17 is the 198th day (199th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 167 days remaining. ... 1931 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... Note: Daughters is also a band. ...


One of the most radical of surrealist theorists (the founder of surrealism, André Breton, described Miró as "the most surrealist of us all"), Miró expressed his contempt for painting (at least as conventionally thought of) and his desire to "murder" and "assassinate" it in favor of new means of expression, in numerous writings and interviews from the 1930s on. Surrealism is an artistic movement and an aesthetic philosophy that aims for the liberation of the mind by emphasizing the critical and imaginative powers of the unconscious. ... André Breton ( February 18, 1896 – September 28, 1966) was a French writer, poet, and surrealist theorist. ... Events and trends Technology Jet engine invented First atom was split with a particle accelerator Golden Age of radio begins in U.S. Disney adopts a three-color Technicolor process for cartoons First Kit Kat in UK The photocopier is invented by Carlson Air mail service across the Atlantic Science...


Shuzo Takiguchi published the first monograph on Miró in 1940. 1940 was a leap year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Joan Miró won the 1954 Venice Biennale printmaking prize, and in 1980 he received the Gold Medal of Fine Arts from King Juan Carlos of Spain. 1954 was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Venice Biennale (Italian: Biennale di Venezia) is a major contemporary art exhibition that takes places once every two years in Venice, Italy. ... 1980 is a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... The word king can mean: For the head of state, see Monarch. ... King Juan Carlos I His Majesty King Juan Carlos I (Juan Carlos Alfonso Víctor María de Borbón y Borbón), styled HM The King (born January 5, 1938), is the reigning King of Spain. ...


In his final decades Miró accelerated his work in different media, producing for instance hundreds of ceramics, including the Wall of the Moon and Wall of the Sun at the UNESCO building in Paris. He also did temporary window paintings (on glass) for an exhibit. UNESCO logo The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, commonly known as UNESCO, is a specialized agency of the United Nations system established in 1946. ... The Eiffel Tower has become a symbol of Paris throughout the world. ...


In the last years of his life Miró wrote his most radical and least-known ideas, exploring the possibilities of gas sculpture and four dimensional painting. Gas sculpture is a proposal made by Joan Miró in his late writings to make sculpture out of gaseous materials. ... Four-dimensional painting is a theoretical type of painting proposed by Joan Miró and others in which painting would transcend its two-dimensionality and even the three-dimensionality of sculpture. ...


Joan Miró died in Majorca, Spain, and was interred in the Montjuïc cemetery in Barcelona. Majorca (Mallorca in Catalan and Spanish. ... Montjuïc - Hill of the Jews in medieval Catalan language or maybe a corruption of Latin Mons Jovicus that is, hill of Jupiter. ...


Today, his paintings sell between US$250,000 and US$8 million. Many of his works are exhibited in the Fundació Joan Miró in Barcelona.


External links

  • Joan Miro Paintings (http://www.fantasyarts.net/Joan_Miro_paintings.htm), Biography, and Historical Information
  • Joan Miro at Olga's Gallery (http://www.abcgallery.com/M/miro/miro.html)

 
 

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