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Encyclopedia > Jo Ann Robinson

Jo Ann Robinson was a black woman in Montgomery, Alabama she joined the Women's Political Council in 1946. In 1949 she was verbally attacked by a bus driver and she decided that something had to change. Shortly after Rosa Parks was arrested, Robinson and the NAACP organized a one-day bus boycott in Montgomery, on December 5, 1955. She sent out flyers to many black people in the community telling them not to ride the bus. The boycott ended up lasting over a year because the bus company would not give in to any of their demands for rights. Black is a color with several subtle differences in meaning. ... Montgomery is the capital of the state of Alabama, and is a city located in Montgomery County. ... 1946 was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... 1949 is a common year starting on Saturday. ... The Bus, established by Mayor Frank Fasi, is Honolulus only public transit system. ... Rosa Parks was arrested for refusing to give up her seat to make room for white people. ... The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, or NAACP, is one of the oldest and most influential civil rights organizations in the United States. ... December 5 is the 339th day (340th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1955 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


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King Encyclopedia (736 words)
As president of the Women’s Political Council (WPC) and a board member of the Montgomery Improvement Association (MIA), Jo Ann Robinson was instrumental in creating and sustaining the Montgomery bus boycott, the nonviolent protest that brought national attention to Martin Luther King, Jr.
Robinson soon learned that similar abuses were a common experience among the fl citizens of Montgomery; and when she became president of the WPC in early 1950s, she decided to make the city’s segregated bus seating one of the council’s top priorities.
Robinson, whose position as a state employee precluded a more visible leadership role, served on the MIA executive board and actively worked behind the scenes to sustain the boycott.
King Chronologies (580 words)
As president in the early 1950s of the Women's Political Council (WPC) of Montgomery, Alabama, Jo Ann Robinson was one of several crucial initiators of the Montgomery Bus Boycott of 1955-56.
Robinson was an influential and leading figure both during the two years of Black civic activism leading up to the boycott and as a major player in the significant events that transformed the arrest of Rosa Parks into a communitywide protest movement.
Jo Ann Gibson was born near Culloden, Georgia, on April 17, 1912, the youngest of twelve children.
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