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Encyclopedia > Jinzhou
锦州市
Jǐnzhōu Shì
location of Jinzhou within Liaoning, China
location of Jinzhou within Liaoning, China
Administration Type Prefecture-level city
Area 1,030 km²
Coastline 97.7 kilometer
Population 3,000,000 (2001)
GDP
- Total
- Per Capita
 
¥
¥
Mayor Liu Zhiqiang (刘志强)
Area code 416

Jinzhou (Simplified Chinese: 锦州; Traditional Chinese: 錦州; Pinyin: Jǐnzhōu), is a prefecture-level city of Liaoning province in Northeast China. It is a geographically strategic city in the "Liaoxi Corridor" (遼西走廊), which connects North China and Northeast China. Jinzhou is the coastal economic centre of West Liaoning province on the northern shore of Bohai Sea. Jinzhou's jurisdiction is 10,301 km², 440 km² is rural. Its coastline is 97.7 km. Population: 3,000,000 - 770,000 of which are urban. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1500x1500, 603 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Jinzhou ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1500x1500, 603 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Jinzhou ... Due to Chinas large population and area, the political divisions of China have always consisted of several levels since ancient times. ... A prefecture-level city (地级市 Pinyin: dìjí shì, literally region-level city) or prefecture-level municipality is an administrative division of the Peoples Republic of China, ranking below a province and above a county in Chinas administrative structure. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... 100 Renminbi Yuan issued in 1999 The renminbi (Simplified Chinese: 人民币; Traditional Chinese: 人民幣; Pinyin: rénmínbì; literally peoples currency) or the yuan (Chinese: å…ƒ or 圆; Hanyu Pinyin: yuán) is the official currency in the mainland of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC). ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger,greater) is the politician who serves as chief executive official of some types of municipalities. ... The Chinese Telephone Code Plan is the way to group telephone numbers in mainland China. ... Simplified Chinese characters (Simplified Chinese: 简体字; Traditional Chinese: 簡體字; pinyin: jiÇŽntǐzì; also called 简化字/簡化字, jiÇŽnhuàzì) are one of two standard character sets of printed contemporary Chinese written language. ... Traditional Chinese characters are one of two standard character sets of printed contemporary Chinese written language. ... Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: 汉语拼音; Traditional Chinese: 漢語拼音; Hanyu Pinyin: , lit. ... A prefecture-level city (地级市 Pinyin: dìjí shì, literally region-level city) or prefecture-level municipality is an administrative division of the Peoples Republic of China, ranking below a province and above a county in Chinas administrative structure. ... Liaoning (Simplified Chinese: 辽宁; Traditional Chinese: 遼寧; pinyin: ) is a northeastern province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Approximate extent Northeast China (Simplified Chinese: 东北; Traditional Chinese: 東北; pinyin: Dōngběi; literally east-north), historically known as Manchuria, is the name of a region (ca. ... Northern Peoples Republic of China region. ... Approximate extent Northeast China (Simplified Chinese: 东北; Traditional Chinese: 東北; pinyin: Dōngběi; literally east-north), historically known as Manchuria, is the name of a region (ca. ... A map showing the location of the Bohai Sea. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ...

Contents


Administration


Jinzhou has eight immediate sub-municipal divisions:

  • Guta District (古塔区)
  • Taihe District (太和区)
  • Linghe District (凌河区)
  • Linhai County (凌海市)
  • Beining County (北宁市)
  • Yi County (义县)
  • Heishan County (黑山县)
  • Jinzhou Economic and Technical Development Zone (锦州经济技术开发区)

The above eight are subdivided into 43 towns (鎮), 69 rural towns (鄉), and 1680 villages.


History

 Guanji Tower
Guanji Tower

Jinzhou is an ancient city with a more thousand-year history. Originally known as Tuhe, it became part of the Yan in the Warring States period; the Qin unified six states and the majority of what is now Jinzhou became part of Liaodong township. It was part of Changli township in Youzhou in the Han and Three Kingdoms periods, but fell under the jurisdiction of Yingzhou during the Beiwei, Dongwei and Beiqi periods, before becoming part of Liucheng township and then Yan township during the Sui and Tang eras. During the Tang dynasty, it became the seat of the Andong township government. The name 'Jinzhou' began to be used in the Liao dynasty, when it belonged to Zhongjing prefecture. In the Jin dynasty, it belonged to Dongjing township and Beijing township. It belonged to Liaoyang Xingzhongshu ministry in the Yuan dynasty and to Liaodong township in the Ming dynasty, and was ruled by Tianfuduring the Qing dynasty, when its name was changed from Jinzhou to Jinxian. During the Republican period, Jinzhou fell under the jurisdiction of Liaoning Province. After the establishment of the "New China", Liaoxi Province was founded and Jinzhou became the provincial capital. Jinzhou then came back under the jurisdiction of Liaoning Province in 1954, when Liaoxi and Liaodong provinces merged. Image File history File links Guangjitower0. ... Image File history File links Guangjitower0. ... Dave Reid is the most beautiful man on Earth. ... Alternative meaning: Warring States Period (Japan) The Warring States Period (traditional Chinese: 戰國時代, simplified Chinese: 战国时代 pinyin Zhànguó Shídài) takes place from sometime in the 5th century BC to the unification of China by Qin in 221 BC. It is nominally considered to be the second part of the... Qin, Qín or Chin (Wade-Giles) can refer to. ... // Han in China Chinese (æ¼¢), an abbreviation or adjectival modifier for things Chinese. ... The Three Kingdoms in 262, on the eve of the conquest of Shu. ... The Sui Dynasty (隋朝 Hanyu Pinyin: Suí, 581-618) followed the Southern and Northern Dynasties and preceded the Tang Dynasty in China. ... Tang could refer to: Tang Dynasty of China Tang (Shang dynasty ruler) Transliteration of Chinese family names such as 唐,湯,鄧,é‚“,滕 Tang Clan of Hong Kong, the first inhabitants to leave China and settle in Hong Kong. ... For the band, see Tang Dynasty (band). ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Jin may refer to: Jin Dynasty (265-420) Jin Dynasty (1115-1234) (Jinn) Jin, a state in China during the Spring and Autumn Period Later Jin Dynasty, founded in 1616 by Nurhaci Jin, a ruler of the Xia dynasty The Jin state of late Bronze Age Korea Jin, Chinese American... The Yuan Dynasty (Mongolian: Dai Ön Yeke Mongghul Ulus; Chinese: 元朝; pinyin: Yuáncháo) lasting officially from 1271 to 1368, also called the Mongol Dynasty, was the name given to the significant ruling family of Borjigin in Asia. ... The Míng Dynasty (Chinese: 明朝; Pinyin: Míng Cháo) was the ruling dynasty of China from 1368 to 1644. ... The Qing Dynasty (Manchu: daicing gurun; Chinese: 清朝; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: ching chao), sometimes known as the Manchu Dynasty, was a dynasty founded by the Manchu clan Aisin Gioro, in what is today northeast China, expanded into China proper and the surrounding territories of Inner Asia, establishing the... Liaoning (Simplified Chinese: 辽宁; Traditional Chinese: 遼寧; pinyin: Liáoníng) is a northeastern province of the Peoples Republic of China. ...


Geography


Jinzhou is located in a mid-latitude temperate zone with a monsoon climate, which experiences a relatively large variation in temperature over the course of a year. The annual average temperature is around 8 or 9 ° C and the annual average rainfall is between 540 and 640 mm. It experiences four distinct seasons, each with their own characteristics; its monsoon climate is pronounced and exhibits strong continentality. The geographic and natural climatic conditions of Jinzhou are conducive to the development of such industries as agriculture, forestry, livestock and marine produce. Monsoon in the Vindhya, a mountain chain in central India A monsoon is a (wind) pattern that reverses direction on a seasonal basis. ... In meteorology, precipitation is any kind of water that falls from the sky as part of the weather. ... Monsoon in the Vindhya, a mountain chain in central India A monsoon is a (wind) pattern that reverses direction on a seasonal basis. ...


Major Tourist Sites

 Mt. Bijiashan
Mt. Bijiashan


Mt. Bijiashan 笔架山 Image File history File links Bijiashan. ... Image File history File links Bijiashan. ...


Mt. Bijiashan is actually an interesting island in the Bohai Sea south of Jinzhou's coastline. During most time of the day, Mt. Bijiashan can only be accessed by boad. But when the sea recedes, a natural zigzagging cobblestone bridge will emerge from the Bohai Sea and connect Mt. Bijiashan to the mainland. People can actually walk to Mt. Bijianshan from the seafront on foot. Local people named this natural wonder "Tian Qiao", which means sky bridge. The island is an ideal place to watch sunrise, because the wide Bohai Sea provides a spectacular sea horizon. On the top of Mt. Bijiashan, there is a tall stone pavilion. It looks like a gigantic pen resting on a pen holder. Hence the name "Bijianshan", meaning the "Pen Holder Mountain". A map showing the location of the Bohai Sea. ... A map showing the location of the Bohai Sea. ... A map showing the location of the Bohai Sea. ...



Guangji Tower 广济寺塔


The Guangji Tower is one of Jinzhou’s signature architecture. It is located in the southeast corner of the city. The 72 metre tower is a beautiful example of Liao Dynasty architecture dating from the year 1057. With thirteen levels in an octagonal shape, the tower was recently lovingly restored and resembles a tower of concentric lotuses. A quiet temple beneath, as well as an accompanying museum, complete the ancient Chinese setting. This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ...



Mt Yiwulushan 闾山


Mt. Yiwulushan is located in the west of Beilin County of Jinzhou. It is one of the 3 famous mountains in Northeast China. Marvelous rocks, beautiful pine trees, historic temples and lovely waters are the main attractions of Mt. Yiwulushan.

Jinzhou Mansion Hotel
Jinzhou Mansion Hotel

Image File history File linksMetadata Jinzhouhotel. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Jinzhouhotel. ...

Economy


The city has a wide range of industries. Major traditional industries include petro-chemistry, metallurgy and machine building, textile, paper, pharmacy and building materials etc, By the end of 1995, the number of industrial manufacturers had amounted to 1920, which include the Jinzhou Petro-chemistry Corp, the Jincheng Paper Corp-the Largest producer in China for the best offset printing paper and the Jinzhou Ferro-alloy Corp (group)-the base in China for scientific research and production of specific ferro-alloy products.



Jinzhou Economic and Technical Development Zone


Jinzhou Economic and Technical Development Zone was set up on March 23, 1992. It is among the first group of province-level development zones approved by Liaoning Province, a pioneer zone in Jinzhou’s reform and opening-up, a scenery, tour and holiday-taking zone and a modern new city zone in the coastal region. Liaoning (Simplified Chinese: 辽宁; Traditional Chinese: 遼寧; pinyin: Liáoníng) is a northeastern province of the Peoples Republic of China. ...



Jinzhou Seaport

 Jinzhou Sea Port
Jinzhou Sea Port

Jinzhou Seaport is situated in Jinzhou Bay in the northeast of Bohai Gulf. It was opened by the State Council in 1990 as a top class open seaport. Since then, the port has been acting as a door leading Jinzhou and her hinterland to the world and also offers an easiest way on the sea for the transportation of the import and export for the regions in the west of Northeast China and the east of Inner Mongolia. The port has already completed her construction of 50,000-ton-class berth. Image File history File links Jinzhou0. ... Image File history File links Jinzhou0. ... Bo Hai (Chinese: 渤海; pinyin: B hăi; Wade-Giles: Po-hai lit. ... Inner Mongolia (Mongolian: ᠥᠪᠦᠷ ᠮᠣᠨᠺᠤᠯᠤᠨ ᠥᠪᠡᠷᠲᠡᠺᠡᠨ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠤ ᠣᠷᠤᠨ r Mongghul-un bertegen Jasaqu Orun; Chinese: 内蒙古自治区; Hanyu Pinyin: N i Měnggǔ Z qū) is an Autonomous Region of the Peoples Republic of China. ...



Jinzhou Airport


Jinzhou Airport offers flights to major cities in China and is able to land large and medium sized airplanes.


Colleges and Universities

  • Bohai University 渤海大学 Bohai University
  • Jinzhou Medical University 锦州医学院 Jinzhou Medical University

The Liaoning Institute of Technology is a university in Jinzhou, Liaoning, northeast China. ...

External link

  • Jinzhou Municipal Government 錦州人民政府 (Jinzhou Municipal Government)
  • Jinzhou Economic and Technical Development Zone 锦州经济技术开发区 (Jinzhou Economic and Technical Development Zone)
  • Jinzhou Port Company Limited 锦州港股份有限公司 (Jinzhou Port Company Limited)


Prefecture-level divisions of Liaoning
Sub-provincial cities: Dalian | Shenyang
Prefecture-level cities: Anshan | Benxi | Chaoyang | Dandong | Fushun | Fuxin

Huludao | Jinzhou | Liaoyang | Panjin | Tieling | Yingkou Due to Chinas large population and area, the political divisions of China have always consisted of several levels since ancient times. ... Liaoning (Simplified Chinese: 辽宁; Traditional Chinese: 遼寧; pinyin: ) is a northeastern province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... A sub-provincial city (副省级城市), or vice-provincial city, in the Peoples Republic of China, is a prefecture-level city that is ruled by a province, but is administered independently in regard to economy and law. ... Dalian (Simplified Chinese: 大连; Traditional Chinese: 大連; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Ta-lien), or Dalny (during Russian controlled periods, aka Dairen during Japanese periods, or from Mid-century (Jointly administered by both USSR/PRC) formerly also Lüda or Luta), is the second of two strategic ice-free seaports on the Liaodong... Location within China Major districts of Shenyang. ... A prefecture-level city (地级市 Pinyin: dìjí shì, literally region-level city) or prefecture-level municipality is an administrative division of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Anshan (Chinese: 鞍山; pinyin: ; lit. ... Benxi (Chinese: 本溪; pinyin: ) is a prefecture-level city located in the Liaoning province of China, south-southeast of Shenyang. ... Chaoyang (simplified Chinese: 朝阳; pinyin: Cháoyáng) is a prefecture-level city in Liaoning province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Dandong (Simplified Chinese: 丹东; Traditional Chinese: 丹東; Hanyu Pinyin: ) is a city in the Chinese province of Liaoning. ... Location within China Fushun (Simplified Chinese: 抚顺; Traditional Chinese: 撫順; pinyin: ) is a city in Liaoning, China, about 45 km from Shenyang, with population about 1. ... Fuxin (Chinese: 阜新; pinyin: ) is a prefecture-level city in the Liaoning province of northeastern China. ... Huludao (Simplified Chinese: 葫芦岛; Traditional Chinese: 葫蘆島; Hanyu Pinyin: ) is a prefecture-level city in southwestern Liaoning Province, China. ... Liaoyang (Simplified Chinese: 辽阳; Traditional Chinese: 遼陽; pinyin: ) is a city in Liaoning province in northeast China. ... Panjin (盘锦) is a prefecture-level city and a major oil-producing city in Liaoning Province, China. ... Tieling (铁岭) is a city with several 100 000 inhabitants in Tieling prefecture of Liaoning province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Yingkou (营口; pinyin: Yíngkǒu shì) is a prefecture-level city of Liaoning province, in northeastern China. ...

List of Liaoning County-level divisions

  Results from FactBites:
 
Jinzhou - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (837 words)
Jinzhou (Simplified Chinese: 锦州; Traditional Chinese: 錦州; Pinyin: Jǐnzhōu) is a prefecture-level city and a large coastal industrial centre in southwestern Liaoning Province, China, in the northern shore of Bohai Sea.
Jinzhou's jurisdiction is 10,301 km², 440 km² is rural.
Jinzhou is located in a mid-latitude temperate zone with a monsoon climate, which experiences a relatively large variation in temperature over the course of a year.
Jinzhou (444 words)
Jinzhou is the closest city to the Development Zone (where I reside), in fact it's hard to tell where one ends and the other begins (apart from the toll booth on the highway, I mean).
Jinzhou's park looked a bit drab in the winter, but there were still a few people there playing on the frozen lake.
I didn't have a map for Jinzhou, I just walked, got lost, and then somehow made it back to the bus station with the help of some directions from a street cleaner who greeted me in chinese and then seemed surprised that I understood her.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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