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Encyclopedia > Jinhua
金华市
Jīnhuá Shì
Jinhua is highlighted on this map
Administration Type Prefecture-level city
Area 10,918 km²
Population 4,521,700 (2004)
GDP ¥21,637 per capita (2004)
Major Nationalities Han
County-level divisions 9
Township-level divisions 191
Mayor
Area Code 579
City Flower Camellia
License Plate Prefix 浙G

Jinhua (Simplified Chinese: 金华; pinyin: Jīnhuá; lit. "Golden brilliance") is a prefecture-level city in central Zhejiang province, People's Republic of China. It borders the provincial capital of Hangzhou to the northwest, Quzhou to the southwest, Lishui to the south, Taizhou to the east, and Shaoxing the northeast. Image File history File links ChinaZhejiangJinhua. ... A prefecture-level city (地级市 Pinyin: dìjí shì, literally region-level city) or prefecture-level municipality is an administrative division of the Peoples Republic of China, ranking below a province and above a county in Chinas administrative structure. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Ethnolinguistic map of China The Peoples Republic of China (PRC) is a multi-ethnic unitary state and, as such, officially recognizes 56 nationalities or mínzú (民族), within China: the Han being the majority (>92%), and the remaining 55 nationalities being the national minorities. ... Han Chinese (Simplified Chinese: 汉族; Traditional Chinese: 漢族; Pinyin: hànzú) is a term which refers to the majority ethnic group within China and the largest single human ethnic group in the world. ... Due to Chinas large population and area, the political divisions of China have always consisted of several levels since ancient times. ... Due to Chinas large population and area, the political divisions of China have always consisted of several levels since ancient times. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... The Chinese Telephone Code Plan is the way to group telephone numbers in mainland China. ... Species About 100–250 species, including: Camellia assimilis Camellia brevistyla Camellia caudata Camellia chekiangoleosa Camellia chrysantha– Golden Camellia Camellia connata Camellia crapnelliana Camellia cuspidata Camellia euryoides Camellia forrestii Camellia fraterna Camellia furfuracea Camellia granthamiana Camellia grijsii Camellia honkongensis Camellia irrawadiensis Camellia japonica– Japanese Camellia Camellia kissii Camellia lutchuensis Camellia miyagii... Blue PRC licence plates of the 1992 standard (August 2004 image). ... Simplified Chinese characters (Simplified Chinese: 简体字; Traditional Chinese: 簡體字; pinyin: jiÇŽntǐzì; also Simplified Chinese: 简化字; Traditional Chinese: 簡化字; pinyin: jiÇŽnhuàzì) are one of two standard character sets of printed contemporary Chinese written language. ... Pinyin is a system of romanization (phonemic notation and transcription to Roman script) for Standard Mandarin, where pin means spell and yin means sound. The most common variant of pinyin in use is called Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ), also known as scheme of the Chinese phonetic alphabet... A prefecture-level city (地级市 Pinyin: dìjí shì, literally region-level city) or prefecture-level municipality is an administrative division of the Peoples Republic of China, ranking below a province and above a county in Chinas administrative structure. ... Zhejiang (also spelled Chehkiang or Chekiang) is an eastern coastal province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... A province, in the context of China, is a translation of sheng (省 shÄ›ng), which is an administrative division of China. ...   (Chinese: ; pinyin: Hángzhōu; Postal map spelling: Hangchow) is a sub-provincial city in China and the capital of Zhejiang province. ... Quzhou (衢州; pinyin: Qúzhōu) is a prefecture-level city in Zhejiang province, China. ... Lishui(丽水) is a city located in the southeast of the Peoples Republic of China within the boundaries of Zhejiang Province. ... Taizhou (Simplified Chinese: 台州; pinyin: Tāizhōu) is a prefecture-level city in the east of Zhejiang province, China. ... Shaoxing (Simplified Chinese: 绍兴; Traditional Chinese: 紹興; Pinyin: ShàoxÄ«ng; Wade-Giles: Shao-hsing) is a prefecture-level city in northeastern Zhejiang province, Peoples Republic of China. ...


Administration

The prefecture-level city of Jinhua administers 9 county-level divisions, including 2 districts, 4 county-level cities and 3 counties. Due to Chinas large population and area, the political divisions of China have always consisted of several levels since ancient times. ... District, in the context of China, is used to refer to several unrelated political divisions in both ancient and modern China. ... A county-level city (县级市 Pinyin: xiànjí shì) is a county-level administrative division of mainland China. ... In the context of Political divisions of China, county is the standard English translation of 县 (xiàn). ...

  • Wucheng District (婺城区)
  • Jindong District (金东区)
  • Lanxi City (兰溪市)
  • Yiwu City (义乌市)
  • Dongyang City (东阳市)
  • Yongkang City (永康市)
  • Wuyi County (武义县)
  • Pujiang County (浦江县)
  • Pan'an County (磐安县)

These are further divided into 191 township-level divisions, including 107 towns, 73 townships and 11 subdistricts. Yiwu City (Chinese: 义乌 pinyin: yìwÅ«) is a city of about 1,000,000 people in central Zhejiang Province in the Peoples Republic of China. ... Dongyang is a Chinese city of about 1,000,000 people in the middle of Zhejiang Province, about 200 kilometers south of Hangzhou. ... YongKang City (永康市) is a city in the southern part of Taichung County, Taiwan Province of the Republic of China. ... Due to Chinas large population and area, the political divisions of China have always consisted of several levels since ancient times. ... When referring to Political Divisions of China, town is the standard English translation of the Chinese 镇 (zhèn). ... When referring to Political Divisions of China, township is the standard English translation of the Chinese 乡 (xiāng). ... The Subdistrict is one of the smallest Political_divisions_of_China. ...


History and Culture

The history of Jinhua goes back to the 2nd century BC, when it was a county subordinate to Shaoxing. It was given the name Jinhua under the Sui dynasty in 598, and later became the seat of a prefecture. The present city and its walls date to the time of the time of the Mongol emperors in 1352. Shaoxing (Simplified Chinese: 绍兴; Traditional Chinese: 紹興; Pinyin: Shàoxīng; Wade-Giles: Shao-hsing) is a prefecture-level city in northeastern Zhejiang province, Peoples Republic of China. ... The Sui Dynasty (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; 581-619[1]) followed the Southern and Northern Dynasties and preceded the Tang Dynasty in China. ... The term prefecture (from the Latin Praefectura) indicates the office, seat, territorial circonscription of a Prefect; consequentally, like that word, is its applied in English in relation to actual Prefects, whose title is just that (or the forms it takes in other, especially Romance, languages), in the broadest sense in... The Yuan Dynasty (Chinese: ; pinyin: Yuáncháo; Mongolian: Dai Ön Yeke Mongghul Ulus), lasting officially from 1271 to 1368, followed the Song Dynasty and preceded the Ming Dynasty in the historiography of China. ...


The most famous native of Jinhua is the Immortal Huang, a Daoist holy man of the 4th century AD, whose descendants still live in the area. Wuyang Shan (Reclining Sheep Mountain) is said to be a sheep which was turned to stone by the Immortal Huang, a trick which he learned through his years of diligently studying Daoism. Wong Tai Sin (黃大仙; Pinyin: Huáng Dàxian), literally translates to the Great Immortal Wong. ... For other uses of the words tao and dao, see Dao (disambiguation). ...


Economically Jinhua has always prospered from its position as the collecting and processing center for agricultural and forestry products (chiefly rice and bamboo). It is currently the second most important grain producing area in Zhejiang Province. In 1985 Jinhua was promoted to City status, and now is responsible for administering four cities, four counties and a district. Animals raised there include dairy cattle, meat hogs (for the production of Jinhua ham, a famous local product for 900 years) and honey bees. Jinhua's industrial sector has developed more recently, producing machinery, metallurgy, pharmaceuticals, building supplies and electrical and electronic equipment. Zhejiang (also spelled Chehkiang or Chekiang) is an eastern coastal province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Jinhua ham (金華火腿, 金华火腿; pinyin:jī huá huó tuí) is a type of dry-cured ham produced in Jinhua city, Zhejiang province of China. ...


The Tang dynasty painter Guan Xiu (Kuan-hsiu) was born in Jinhua. He is known for his paintings of Buddhist holy men. The Tang Dynasty (Chinese: ; pinyin: ) (June 18, 618–June 4, 907), lasting about three centuries, followed the Sui Dynasty and preceded the Song Dynasty and the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms Period in China. ... Buddhism is a dharmic, non-theistic religion, a philosophy, and a life-enhancing system of psychology. ...


There are numerous scenic and historical sites in the Jinhua region, including many places associated with the Immortal Huang, and a palace of the Dukes of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom. Combatants Qing Empire Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Commanders Xianfeng Emperor, Tongzhi Emperor, Empress Dowager Cixi Hong Xiuquan The Taiping Rebellion (1851–1864) was perhaps the bloodiest civil war in human history, a clash between the forces of the Qing Empire in China and those inspired by a Hakka self-proclaimed mystic...


External links

  • Government website of Jinhua (available in Chinese and English)
  • Jinhua First Social Welfare Institute (orphanage)
  • The Jinhua Swine


Prefecture-level divisions of Zhejiang
Sub-provincial cities: Hangzhou | Ningbo
Prefecture-level cities: Huzhou | Jiaxing | Jinhua | Lishui

Quzhou | Shaoxing | Taizhou | Wenzhou | Zhoushan Due to Chinas large population and area, the political divisions of China have always consisted of several levels since ancient times. ... Zhejiang (also spelled Chehkiang or Chekiang) is an eastern coastal province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... A sub-provincial city (副省级城市), or vice-provincial city, in the Peoples Republic of China, is a prefecture-level city that is ruled by a province, but is administered independently in regard to economy and law. ...   (Chinese: ; pinyin: Hángzhōu; Postal map spelling: Hangchow) is a sub-provincial city in China and the capital of Zhejiang province. ... Ningbo (Simplified Chinese: 宁波; Traditional Chinese: 寧波; pinyin: Níngbō; Wade-Giles: Ning-po; literally Tranquil Waves) is a seaport sub-provincial city with a population of 800,000 in northeastern Zhejiang province, Peoples Republic of China. ... A prefecture-level city (地级市 Pinyin: dìjí shì, literally region-level city) or prefecture-level municipality is an administrative division of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Huzhou City (hanzi: 湖州市) in northern Zhejiang Province in China, it is located on Taihu lake (太湖). It covers an area of 5,817 km² and has a population of over 2. ... Jiaxing (嘉兴市; Postal System Pinyin: Kashing; Wade-Giles: Chia-hsing) is a prefecture-level city in northern Zhejiang Province, China. ... Lishui(丽水) is a city located in the southeast of the Peoples Republic of China within the boundaries of Zhejiang Province. ... Quzhou (衢州; pinyin: Qúzhōu) is a prefecture-level city in Zhejiang province, China. ... Shaoxing (Simplified Chinese: 绍兴; Traditional Chinese: 紹興; Pinyin: ShàoxÄ«ng; Wade-Giles: Shao-hsing) is a prefecture-level city in northeastern Zhejiang province, Peoples Republic of China. ... For the prefecture-level city in Jiangsu province, see Taizhou, Jiangsu. ... Wenzhou (Simplified Chinese: 温州; Traditional Chinese: 溫州; Hanyu Pinyin: ) is a prefecture-level city with a population of 873,000 in southeastern Zhejiang province, Peoples Republic of China. ... Zhoushan (Simplified Chinese: 舟山; Pinyin: ), formerly transliterated as Chusan, is a prefecture-level city in northeastern Zhejiang province, Peoples Republic of China. ...

List of Zhejiang County-level divisions

  Results from FactBites:
 
Jinhua - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (389 words)
It was given the name Jinhua under the Sui dynasty in 598, and later became the seat of a prefecture.
The most famous native of Jinhua is the Immortal Huang, a Daoist holy man of the 4th century AD, whose descendants still live in the area.
The Tang dynasty painter Guan Xiu (Kuan-hsiu) was born at Jinhua.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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