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Encyclopedia > Jimmy Hoffa
Jimmy Hoffa
Born February 14, 1913(1913-02-14)
Brazil, Indiana, U.S.
Died (disappeared July 30, 1975)
Last seen in Bloomfield Township, MI
Occupation Labor union leader
Children James P. Hoffa, Barbara Ann Crancer

James Riddle "Jimmy" Hoffa (born February 14, 1913, disappeared July 30, 1975), was an American labor leader. As the president of the International Brotherhood of Teamsters from the mid-1950s to the mid-1960s, Hoffa wielded considerable influence. After he was convicted of attempted bribery of a grand juror, he served nearly a decade in prison. He is also well-known in popular culture for the mysterious circumstances surrounding his unexplained disappearance and presumed death. His son James P. Hoffa is the current president of the Teamsters. Image File history File links Emblem-important. ... Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... Hoffa may be a reference to: Jimmy Hoffa, historic leader of the Teamsters; Hoffa, a biopic on Jimmy Hoffa; James P. Hoffa, son to Jimmy Hoffa; Bryan Hoffa, recording engineer with David Lowerys Sound of Music Studios; Portland Hoffa, American comedienne, actress, and dancer; or Reese Hoffa, United States... Image File history File links Jimmy_riddle_hoffa. ... is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... For other uses, see Indiana (disambiguation). ... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... is the 211th day of the year (212th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... James Phillip Hoffa (born May 19, 1941), is the president of the International Brotherhood of Teamsters. ... Barbara Ann (Hoffa) Crancer, St. ... is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 211th day of the year (212th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The labor movement (or labour movement) is a broad term for the development of a collective organization of working people, to campaign in their own interest for better treatment from their employers and political governments. ... Look up Leader in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The International Brotherhood of Teamsters (IBT), formerly known by the name International Brotherhood of Teamsters, Chauffeurs, Warehousemen and Helpers of America, is one of the largest labor unions in the United States. ... Bribery is a crime implying a sum or gift given alters the behaviour of the person in ways not consistent with the duties of that person. ... Popular culture (or pop culture) is the widespread cultural elements in any given society that are perpetuated through that societys vernacular language or lingua franca. ... James Phillip Hoffa (born May 19, 1941), is the president of the International Brotherhood of Teamsters. ... The International Brotherhood of Teamsters (IBT), formerly known by the name International Brotherhood of Teamsters, Chauffeurs, Warehousemen and Helpers of America, is one of the largest labor unions in the United States. ...

Contents

Early life

Born in Brazil, Indiana, on Feb. 14, 1913, his paternal ancestors were Pennsylvania Germans ("Pennsylvania Dutch") who migrated to Indiana in the mid-1800s. His maternal ancestors were Irish-American. James grew up fast when his coal-driller father, John Cleveland Hoffa, died from lung disease in 1920. His mother, Viola "Ola" Riddle, took in laundry to keep the family together, and the children also helped with afterschool jobs. Hoffa later described his mother lovingly as a frontier type woman "who believed that Duty and Discipline were spelled with capital D's." Brazil is a city in Clay County, Indiana, United States. ... The Pennsylvania Dutch (perhaps more strictly Pennsylvania Deitsch or Pennsylvanian German) are the descendants of German immigrants who came to Pennsylvania prior to 1800. ... Irish Americans (Irish: Gael-Mheiriceánach) are citizens of the United States who can claim ancestry originating in the west European island of Ireland. ...

Part of a series on

Organized Labour

The Labour Movement
New Unionism · Proletariat
Social Movement Unionism
Syndicalism · Socialism
Labour timeline
Labour Rights
Child labor · Eight-hour day
Occupational safety and health
Collective bargaining
Trade Unions
Trade unions by country
Trade union federations
International comparisons
ITUC · WFTU · IWA
Strike Actions
Chronological list of strikes
General strike · Sympathy strike
Sitdown strike · Work-to-rule
Trade Unionists
César Chávez · Samuel Gompers
Jimmy Hoffa · A. Philip Randolph
Ken Saro-Wiwa · Lowell girls
James Larkin · Bob White

more names Image File history File links Syndicalism. ... The labour movement or labor movement is a broad term for the development of a collective organization of working people, to campaign in their own interest for better treatment from their employers and political governments, in particular through the implementation of specific laws governing labor relations. ... New Unionism is a term which has been used twice in the history of the labour movement, both times involving moves to broaden the union agenda. ... The proletariat (from Latin proles, offspring) is a term used to identify a lower social class; a member of such a class is proletarian. ... Social Movement Unionism is a trend of theory and practice in contemporary trade unionism. ... Syndicalism refers to a set of ideas, movements, and tendencies which share the avowed aim of transforming capitalist society through action by the working class on the industrial front. ... Religious socialism Key Issues People and organizations Related subjects Socialism refers to a broad array of ideologies and political movements with the goal of a socio-economic system in which property and the distribution of wealth are subject to control by the community. ... Timeline of organized labor history 1790s - 1800s - 1810s - 1820s - 1830s - 1840s - 1850s - 1860s - 1870s - 1880s - 1890s - 1900s - 1910s - 1920s - 1930s - 1940s - 1950s - 1960s - 1970s - 1980s 1797 (United States) Profit sharing originated at Albert Gallatins glass works in New Geneva, Pennsylvania. ... Labor rights or workers rights are a group of legal rights and claimed human rights having to do with labor relations between workers and their employers, usually obtained under labor and employment law. ... Child labour is the employment of children under an age determined by law or custom. ... The 8-hour day movement or 40-hour week movement (a. ... Occupational safety and health (OSH) is a cross-disciplinary area concerned with protecting the safety, health and welfare of people engaged in work or employment. ... A Collective agreement is a labor contract between an employer and one or more unions. ... A trade union or labor union is an organization of workers. ... This is a list of trade unions and union federations by country. ... This is a list of federations of trade unions. ... The International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC) is the worlds largest trade union federation. ... The World Federation of Trade Unions (WFTU) was established in the wake of the Second World War to bring together trade unions across the world in a single international organization, much like the United Nations. ... The International Workers Association (IWA) (Spanish: AIT - Asociación Internacional de los Trabajadores, and in German: IAA-Internationale ArbeiterInnen Assoziation) is an international anarcho-syndicalist federation of various labour unions from different countries. ... Strike action, often simply called a strike, is a work stoppage caused by the mass refusal by employees to perform work. ... The following is a list of deliberate absence from work related to specific working conditions (strikes) or due to general unhappiness with the political order (general strikes). ... A general strike is a strike action by an entire labour force in a city, region or country. ... A sympathy strike is a labour strike that is initiated by workers in one industry and supported by workers in a separate but related industry. ... A sitdown strike is a form of civil disobedience in which an organized group of workers, usually employed at a factory or other centralized location, take possession of the workplace by sitting down at their stations, effectively preventing their employers from replacing them with scab labor or, in some cases... Work-to-rule is a job action in which employees do no more than the minimum required by the rules of a workplace, and follow safety or other regulations to the letter in order to cause a slowdown. ... A trade union or labor union is an organization of workers. ... César Estrada Chávez (March 31, 1927 – April 23, 1993) was a Mexican American farm worker, labor leader, and civil rights activist who co-founded the National Farm Workers Association, which later became the United Farm Workers. ... Samuel Gompers (January 27, 1850[1] - December 13, 1924) was an American labor union leader and a key figure in American labor history. ... Asa Philip Randolph (April 15, 1889 – May 16, 1979) was a prominent twentieth century African-American civil rights leader and founder of the first black labor union in the United States. ... Kenule Beeson Saro-Wiwa (October 10, 1941 - November 10, 1995) was a Nigerian author, television producer and environmental activist. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Statue of James Larkin on OConnell Street, Dublin (Oisín Kelly 1977) James (Big Jim) Larkin (Irish: Séamas Ó Lorcáin)(1874-1947), an Irish trade union leader and socialist activist, was born in Liverpool, England on 28 January 1874, of Irish parents. ... Binomial name Colinus virginianus (Linnaeus, 1758) The Bobwhite Quail or Northern Bobwhite, Colinus virginianus, is a ground_dwelling bird native to North America. ...

Academic Disciplines
Labour in economics
Labour history (discipline)
Industrial relations
Labour law
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In 1922, the Hoffas moved to Clinton, Indiana, for a two year stay, then to Detroit to an apartment on Merritt Street on the city's brawling, working-class west side. Tagged by the neighbor kids as a hillbilly, Hoffa won respect and acceptance with his fists. After school Jimmy worked as a delivery boy and finally dropped out of school in the 9th grade just as the stock market crash of 1929 and the Great Depression brought massive layoffs and business failures. In classical economics and all micro-economics labour is a measure of the work done by human beings and is one of three factors of production, the others being land and capital. ... Labor history (or labour history) is a broad field of study concerned with the development of the labor movement and the working class. ... A Boeing employee speaks at a trade union rally The field of industrial relations looks at the relationship between management and workers, particularly groups of workers represented by a union. ... This article is in need of attention. ... Clinton is a city located in Vermillion County, Indiana. ... Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes - this motto was adopted after the disastrous 1805 fire that devastated the city) Nickname: The Motor City and Motown Location in Wayne County, Michigan Founded Incorporated July 24, 1701 1815  County Wayne County Mayor... In days leading up to Black Thursday the market was unstable. ... For other uses, see The Great Depression (disambiguation). ...


A friend, Walter Murphy, told him to get into the food business. "No matter what happens, people have to eat," he said. Jimmy got a job at the Kroger Grocery and Baking Company, whose warehouses were located just a few blocks from his home. Lying to the foreman about his age, Hoffa began his job of unloading produce from railroad cars for 32 cents an hour. The pay, two-thirds of it scrip redeemable for food at Kroger's, was good considering the growing unemployment and food lines. The downside to the new job was that warehouse workers were required to report at 4:30 p.m. for a 12-hour shift, but they only got paid for the time that they actually unloaded produce. The rest of the shift, they would sit around idle and unpaid, waiting to be called but unable to leave the premises. The men also endured a foreman from hell, "the kind of guy," Hoffa later said who causes unions. Called the "Little Bastard" by all the workers, he abused his powers, threatening and firing workers for no reason. Hoffa and his coworkers, including Bobby Holmes, who would also rise in the Teamster hierarchy with Hoffa, bided their time. The harsh reality that one third of American workers remained jobless made them cautious in their organizing efforts. Finally one night in the spring of 1931, after two workers were fired for going to a food cart for their midnight dinner, the men acted. Hoffa called for a work stoppage just as trucks loaded with Florida strawberries pulled into the warehouse. Faced with the need to get the perishable cargo into refrigerators quickly, Kroger management agreed to meet with the new leaders the following morning as long as the workers resumed their duties. Kroger headquarters in Cincinnati, Ohio. ...


After several days of negotiating Hoffa and his aides had a union contract. It included a raise of 13 cents an hour, the guarantee of at least a half a day's pay per day, a modest insurance plan and, of course, recognition of the union. The new leaders soon applied for and received a charter as Federal Local 19341 of the American Federation of Labor. Hoffa was fired the following year after a fight with a plant foreman who goaded the hot-tempered union leaders into throwing a crate of vegetables on the floor and spraying the boss with assorted vegetable juices. Jimmy claimed in later years that he quit before he could be fired and walked away.


Hoffa next landed a job as a full time union organizer for the International Brotherhood of Teamsters. He took the Kroger union with him into the IBT where its membership was absorbed into Local 299. He and other IBT organizers fought with management in their organizing efforts in the Detroit, Michigan, area. A union organizer (sometimes spelled organiser) is one type of employee or elected official of a trade union. ... The International Brotherhood of Teamsters (IBT), formerly known by the name International Brotherhood of Teamsters, Chauffeurs, Warehousemen and Helpers of America, is one of the largest labor unions in the United States. ... Investors Bank & Trust Investors Financial Services Corporation or Ive Been Tricked is a bank holding company whose subsidiary Investors Bank & Trust (IFIN) is a bank involved in the accounting and custody sides of mutual funds. ... Detroit redirects here. ...


Hoffa used organized crime connections to shake down (see extortion or protection racket) an association of small grocery stores. This led to his first criminal conviction, for which he paid a fine. After he rose to a leadership position in Local 299, Hoffa continued to work with organized crime in Detroit using the threat of labor trouble to induce business to use a mobster controlled clothier (Friedman and Schwarz, 1988). Organized crime or criminal organizations are groups or operations run by criminals, most commonly for the purpose of generating a monetary profit. ... Extortion is a criminal offense, which occurs when a person either obtains money, property or services from another through coercion or intimidation or threatens one with physical harm unless they are paid money or property. ... A protection racket is an extortion scheme whereby a powerful organization coerces individuals or businesses to pay protection money which allegedly serves to purchase the organizations protection services against various external threats, whereas the actual threat comes from the organization itself. ...


Union activities

The Teamsters union organized truckers & firefighters, first throughout the Midwest and then nationwide. It skillfully used quickie strikes, secondary boycotts and other means of leveraging union strength at one company to organize workers and win contract demands at others. The Midwest is a common name for a region of the United States of America. ... Look up Boycott in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A union (labor union in American English; trade union, sometimes trades union, in British English; either labour union or trade union in Canadian English) is a legal entity consisting of employees or workers having a common interest, such as all the assembly workers for one employer, or all the workers...


Hoffa took over the presidency of the Teamsters in 1957, when his predecessor, Dave Beck, was convicted on bribery charges and imprisoned. Hoffa worked to expand the union and in 1964 succeeded in bringing virtually all North American over-the-road truck drivers under a single national master freight agreement. Hoffa then pushed to try to bring the airlines and other transport employees into the union. Dave Beck (June 16, 1894-December 26, 1993) was an American labor leader, president of the International Brotherhood of Teamsters from 1952 to 1957. ...


President John F. Kennedy and his successor Lyndon B. Johnson both put pressure on Hoffa through John's brother Robert F. Kennedy, the Attorney General, attempting to investigate his activities and disrupt his ever-growing union. The Kennedys in particular were sure that Hoffa had pocketed a great deal of union money. Having expelled the Teamsters in the 1950s, the AFL-CIO also disliked Hoffa and aided the Democrats in their investigations. John Kennedy and JFK redirect here. ... LBJ redirects here. ... Robert Francis Bobby Kennedy (November 20, 1925 – June 6, 1968), also called RFK, was one of two younger brothers of U.S. President John F. Kennedy and served as United States Attorney General from 1961 to 1964. ... Seal of the United States Department of Justice The United States Attorney General is the head of the United States Department of Justice (see 28 U.S.C. Â§ 503) concerned with legal affairs and is the chief law enforcement officer of the United States government. ... American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations, commonly AFL-CIO, is a national trade union center, the largest federation of unions in the United States, made up of 54 national and international unions (including Canadian), together representing more than 10 million workers. ... The Democratic Party is one of two major political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. ...


Hoffa's son, James P. Hoffa, is the Teamsters' current leader; his daughter, Barbara Ann Crancer, currently serves as an associate circuit court judge in St. Louis, Missouri. James Phillip Hoffa (born May 19, 1941), is the president of the International Brotherhood of Teamsters. ... Barbara Ann (Hoffa) Crancer, St. ... Nickname: Location in the state of Missouri Coordinates: , Country State County Independent City Government  - Mayor Francis G. Slay (D) Area  - City  66. ...


Conviction and disappearance

In 1964, Hoffa was convicted of attempted bribery of a grand juror and jailed for 15 years. On December 23, 1971,[1] however, he was released when President Richard Nixon commuted his sentence to time served on the condition he not participate in union activities for 10 years. Hoffa was planning to sue to invalidate that restriction in order to reassert his power over the Teamsters when he disappeared at, or sometime after, 2:45 pm[1] on July 30, 1975 from the parking lot of the Machus Red Fox Restaurant in Bloomfield Township, Oakland County, Michigan [2], a suburb of Detroit. He had been due to meet two Mafia leaders, Anthony "Tony Jack" Giacalone from Detroit and Anthony "Tony Pro" Provenzano from Union City, New Jersey and New York City. is the 357th day of the year (358th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar, known as the year of cyclohexanol. ... Nixon redirects here. ... is the 211th day of the year (212th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Machus Red Fox restaurant famed as the place from which former Teamster leader Jimmy Hoffa disappeared on July 30, 1975, was the crown jewel among Machus Enterprises chain of restaurants and bakeries. ... Bloomfield Township is a charter township located in Oakland County in the U.S. state of Michigan. ... Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes - this motto was adopted after the disastrous 1805 fire that devastated the city) Nickname: The Motor City and Motown Location in Wayne County, Michigan Founded Incorporated July 24, 1701 1815  County Wayne County Mayor... Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes - this motto was adopted after the disastrous 1805 fire that devastated the city) Nickname: The Motor City and Motown Location in Wayne County, Michigan Founded Incorporated July 24, 1701 1815  County Wayne County Mayor... Anthony Tony Pro Provenzano (May 24, 1917 - December 12, 1988) was a capo (or captain) in the Genovese crime family, one of the five families that made up La Cosa Nostra or Mafia in the New York City area. ... Spectators viewing the aftermath of the 9/11 attacks from across the Hudson River, in the terrace courtyard of the Union City Boxing Club. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ...


Investigations

DNA evidence examined in 2001 placed Hoffa in the car of longtime Teamster associate Charles O'Brien, despite O'Brien's claims Hoffa had never been in the car. Police interviews later that year failed to produce any indictments.


In July 2003, after the convicted killer Richard Powell told authorities that a briefcase containing a syringe used to subdue Hoffa was buried at a house in Hampton Township, Michigan, another backyard was examined and excavated. Again, nothing was found[3][4]. Hampton Township is a township located in Bay County, Michigan. ...


Frank Sheeran

In 2003, the FBI searched the backyard of a home in Hampton Township, Michigan formerly frequented by Frank Sheeran, Second World War veteran, Mafia hitman, truck driver, Teamsters official and close friend of Hoffa. Nothing significant was found. The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is a federal criminal investigative, intelligence agency, and the primary investigative arm of the United States Department of Justice (DOJ). ... Hampton Township is a township located in Bay County, Michigan. ... Frank The Irishman Sheeran(born ?? - December 14, 2003) is one of several people believed to have been behind the killing of Jimmy Hoffa. ...


In 2004, Charles Brandt, a former prosecutor and Chief Deputy Attorney General of Delaware, published the book I Heard You Paint Houses. The title is based on a euphemistic exchange apparently used by hitmen and their would-be employers. "I heard you paint houses." "Yes, and I do my own carpentry, too." House painting alludes to the splatter of blood on walls, and "doing my own carpentry" to the task of disposing of the body. Brandt recounted a series of confessions by Sheeran regarding Hoffa's murder, and claimed that Sheeran had begun contacting him because he wished to assuage feelings of guilt. Over the course of several years, he spoke many times by phone to Brandt (which Brandt recorded) during which he acknowledged his role as Hoffa's killer, acting on orders from mob boss Russell Bufalino. He claimed to have used his friendship with Hoffa to lure him to a bogus meeting in Bloomfield Hills and drive him to a house in northwestern Detroit, where he shot him twice before fleeing and leaving Hoffa's body behind. An updated version of Brandt's book claims that Hoffa's body was cremated within an hour of Sheeran's departure. Charles Brandt, of Lewes, is a former chief deputy attorney general of Delaware and the author of I Heard You Paint Houses [1], a biography of Wilmington Teamsters official and mobster Frank Sheeran. ... Russell A. Bufalino (September 25, 1903-February 25, 1994) was head of the Bufalino crime family during the 1960s and 70s as well as controlled criminal activities in upstate New York, Pennsylvania and parts of New Jersey for over four decades. ...


Events since February 14, 2006

On February 14, 2006, Lynda Milito, wife of Gambino crime family member Louie Milito, claimed that her husband had told her during an argument in 1988 that he had killed Hoffa and dumped his body near Staten Island's Verrazano-Narrows Bridge in New York City. is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... John Gotti, The Dapper Don The Gambino Crime Family is one of the Five Families that controls organized crime activities based in New York City, United States, within the nationwide criminal phenomenon known as the Mafia (or Cosa Nostra). ... This article is about the borough in New York City. ... Verrazano Bridge redirects here; for the bridge to Assateague Island, see Verrazano Bridge (Maryland). ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ...

FBI Agents digging for Hoffa's remains in an open field — which is part of a farmhouse in Milford Township, Michigan on May 17, 2006. As reported by ABC station WXYZ-TV in Detroit.

In April 2006, news reports surfaced that hitman Richard "The Iceman" Kuklinski had confessed to author Philip Carlo that he was part of a group of five men who had kidnapped and murdered Hoffa. The claim's credibility is questionable, as Kuklinski has become somewhat notorious for repeatedly claiming to have killed people — including Roy DeMeo — that concrete evidence has proved he could not have killed. The story forms part of the book The Ice Man: Confessions of a Mafia Contract Killer, which was released on July 1, 2006. Image File history File links Hoffa_milford. ... Image File history File links Hoffa_milford. ... is the 137th day of the year (138th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Richard Kuklinski (April 11, 1935 – March 5, 2006) was a convicted murderer and notorious contract killer. ... Roy Albert DeMeo (September 7, 1942[1] – January 10, 1983) was a ranking member of the Gambino crime family, formerly one of the largest and most feared crime families in New York. ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


On May 17, 2006, acting on a tip, the FBI began digging for Hoffa's remains outside of a barn on what is now the Hidden Dreams Farm (satellite photo) in Milford Township, Michigan where they surveyed the land and began to dig up parts of the 85-acre parcel, according to federal officials. More than 40 agents sectioned off a piece of the property where they believed Hoffa's bones might be. Federal agents would not say who tipped them off, but said they received information on a group of people who had met on the land 30 years before. The FBI has made contact with Hoffa's daughter, but no other information has been released[5]. It is not known if the FBI has found anything, although images taken from a helicopter appeared to show agents digging something out of the ground. The investigation team included forensic experts from the bureau's Washington laboratory and anthropologists, archaeologists, engineers and architects. is the 137th day of the year (138th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Milford Township is a charter township located in Oakland County, Michigan. ...


On May 18, 2006, the Detroit Free Press reported that the Hoffa search was prompted by information supplied by Donovan Wells, 75, a prisoner at the Federal Medical Center in Lexington, KY. The newspaper said Wells, who was jailed for 10 years in January 2004 for using his Detroit-area trucking company and drivers to ship large quantities of marijuana from Texas to Detroit from 1998-2001, was trying to parlay his knowledge about Hoffa's disappearance to get out of prison early. On May 20, 2006, the Free Press, quoting anonymous sources, said one of Wells's lawyers had threatened to go to the media during the previous year unless the US Attorney's Office acted on Wells's information and followed through on a pledge to seek his release from prison. The next day, the newspaper quoted Wells's lawyer from a 1976 criminal case, James Elsman of Birmingham, who said the FBI in 1976 had ignored Wells's offer to tell them where Hoffa was buried. The lawyer said the FBI ignored him again on May 18, after he learned that the FBI was digging in Milford Township and called the bureau to offer the information. Outraged, Elsman said he then offered the information to the Bloomfield Township Police Department. On May 22, an FBI agent and township police detective visited Elsman's office, but Elsman declined to offer much information, saying he first wanted them to provide him with a signed release from Wells. Elsman also offered to visit the horse farm to help agents pinpoint where to dig. The FBI didn't take him up on his offer. is the 138th day of the year (139th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Along with The Detroit News, the Detroit Free Press is one of the two major metro Detroit newspapers. ... Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes - this motto was adopted after the disastrous 1805 fire that devastated the city) Nickname: The Motor City and Motown Location in Wayne County, Michigan Founded Incorporated July 24, 1701 1815  County Wayne County Mayor... is the 140th day of the year (141st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 142nd day of the year (143rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


On May 24, 2006, the FBI removed a large barn on the farm to look under it for Hoffa. is the 144th day of the year (145th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


On May 30, 2006 the FBI ended the search for Hoffa's body without any remains found at the Hidden Dreams Farm. is the 150th day of the year (151st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


On June 16, 2006, the Detroit Free Press published in its entirety the so-called Hoffex Memo, a 56-page report the FBI prepared for a January 1976 briefing on the case at FBI Headquarters in Washington, D.C. The report, which the FBI has called the definitive account of what agents believe happened to Hoffa, can be found online[6]. is the 167th day of the year (168th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In November of 2006 KLAS-TV Channel 8 Las Vegas interviewed author Charles Brandt about the latest news regarding Hoffa's murder and disappearance. Brandt claims that Hoffa's body was taken from the murder scene and possibly driven two minutes away to the Grand Lawn Cemetery where he was cremated.[7] For other uses, see November (disambiguation). ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... KLAS (Channel 8 analog, 7 digital) is the CBS station serving the Las Vegas, Nevada market. ... For further information, see Las Vegas metropolitan area and Las Vegas Strip. ... Charles Brandt, of Lewes, is a former chief deputy attorney general of Delaware and the author of I Heard You Paint Houses [1], a biography of Wilmington Teamsters official and mobster Frank Sheeran. ...


On December 9th 2007 the E! Channel debuted the 20 Most Shocking Unsolved Crimes. The disappearance of Jimmy Hoffa was number four. The house at Beaverland and Curtis streets where Frank Sheeran allegedly killed Hoffa was highlighted along with its proximity to the Grand Lawn Cemetery in Detroit. December 9 is the 343rd day (344th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... E!: Entertainment Television is an American cable television and direct broadcast satellite network. ...


Hoffa in popular culture

Films

  • The 1978 movie F.I.S.T., starring Sylvester Stallone as warehouse worker Johnny Kovak rising through the ranks of the fictional Teamster-like "Federation of Interstate Truckers", is loosely based on Hoffa's life.
  • In 1992, the semi-factual motion picture Hoffa was released, starring Jack Nicholson in the title role and Danny DeVito (also the film's director) as Hoffa's fictional right-hand man.
  • Many films have included sarcastic lines or jokes about the location of Hoffa's body.
    • In the 2003 Jim Carrey comedy Bruce Almighty, Hoffa's body is found by a police dog at a local park in Buffalo, NY.
    • In the 1980 comedy Nine to Five, starring Jane Fonda, Lily Tomlin, and Dolly Parton, after stealing a body, presumed to be their boss Mr. Hart, from the hospital, all three girls are riding in a car and Tomlin's character, Violet, is talking about putting the body's feet in concrete blocks and pitching it off a pier which prompted Parton's character, Doralee, to say "Are you crazy? They'll find it, they always find it!" to which Violet replies "Oh-ho crazy am I? They never found Jimmy Hoffa!"
    • In the 1991 Chevy Chase movie Nothing But Trouble, Chase and Demi Moore's characters find a newspaper clipping on a wall in the Valkenheiser's mansion saying "Jimmy Hoffa Still Missing", along with his drivers licence, suggesting Hoffa's disappearance was merely due to him crossing paths with the film's antagonists.
    • In the 1994 film Ace Ventura: Pet Detective, a hacker who interfers with whalers' navigational system says "they'll find Jimmy Hoffa before they find any whales."
    • In the 1990 film Ghost Sam tells Carl, "They're gonna bury you right next to Jimmy Hoffa."
    • In the 1994 comedy Naked Gun 33⅓: The Final Insult, Frank Drebin rummages through a file cabinet with a section titled "Location of Jimmy Hoffa's Body"
    • In the 1987 film Innerspace, the film's villain is said to have Hoffa's wristwatch in his desk drawer.

// Events February 1 - Bob Dylans film Renaldo and Clara, a documentary of the Rolling Thunder Revue tour premieres in Los Angeles, California March 1 - Charlie Chaplins coffin is stolen from a Swiss cemetery 3 months after burial March - Leigh Brackett completes the first draft for Star Wars Episode... F.I.S.T. is a 1978 movie directed by Norman Jewison and starring Sylvester Stallone. ... Sylvester Stallone (born Sylvester Gardenzio Stallone on July 6, 1946) is a two-time Academy Award-nominated American actor, director, producer and screenwriter. ... The year 1992 in film involved many significant films. ... This article is about motion pictures. ... Hoffa is a 1992 biographical film based on the life and mysterious death of Teamsters Union leader Jimmy Hoffa. ... John Joseph Nicholson (born April 22, 1937), known as Jack Nicholson, is a three time Academy Award-winning American actor internationally renowned for his often dark-themed portrayals of neurotic characters. ... Daniel Michael DeVito Jr. ... The year 2003 in film involved some significant events. ... James Eugene Carrey (born January 17, 1962) is a two-time Golden Globe Award-winning Canadian-American A-list film actor and comedian. ... Bruce Almighty is a 2003 comedy movie directed by Tom Shadyac and written by Steve Koren, Mark OKeefe, and Steve Oedekerk. ... The year 1980 in film involved some significant events. ... Nine to Five, also known as 9 to 5, is a 1980 comedy movie starring Jane Fonda, Lily Tomlin, Dolly Parton, and Dabney Coleman and a television series of the same name starring Rachel Dennison, Rita Moreno, and Valerie Curtin. ... Jane Fonda (born December 21, 1937) is a two-time Academy Award-winning American actress, writer, political activist, former fashion model, and fitness guru. ... Lily Tomlin (born Mary Jean Tomlin on September 1, 1939), is an Academy Award-nominated American actress and comedian. ... Dolly Rebecca Parton (born January 19, 1946) is an American, Grammy Award-winning country music singer/songwriter, composer, author, actress, and philanthropist. ... The year 1991 in film involved many significant films. ... For other uses, see Chevy Chase (disambiguation). ... Nothing but Trouble is a comedy film released in 1991. ... Demi Kutcher (born Demetria Gene Guynes on November 11, 1962) is an American actress. ... The year 1994 in film involved some significant events. ... Ace Ventura, Pet Detective is a 1994 wacky comedy movie, directed by Tom Shadyac. ... This article is about computer hacking. ... A whaler (or whale catcher) is a specialized kind of ship, designed for catching whales. ... The year 1990 in film involved some significant events. ... For other uses, see Ghost (disambiguation). ... The year 1994 in film involved some significant events. ... Frank Drebin (full title Sergeant Frank Drebin, Detective Lieutenant Police Squad) is the main character in the Police Squad! series and the Naked Gun movies. ... // May 9 - Actor Tom Cruise marries actress Mimi Rogers. ...

Television

  • The 1983 TV mini-series Blood Feud dramatized the conflict between Hoffa (portrayed by Robert Blake) and Robert F. Kennedy (portrayed by Cotter Smith). (This conflict in real life reached levels of almost childish absurdity. Hoffa and Kennedy once ran into one another at a function both were attending, whereupon they engaged in an arm-wrestling contest. Hoffa claimed to have won.)
  • In a special about Robert F. Kennedy on the Discovery Channel, a reporter claims he interviewed a mobster who claimed Hoffa's body was crushed, and then put into a smelter.
  • In Season 1, Episode 13 of MythBusters, "Buried in Concrete", Adam and Jamie use a ground penetrating radar device to search several rumored burial locations within Giants Stadium. They find no readings consistent with a cavity left by a body that had rotted away.
  • In the Season 4 episode 6 of The 4400, "The Marked", a 4400 makes a low budget movie about the disappearance of Hoffa.
  • In Season 6 part 1 of HBO's The Sopranos, while a team of doctors are operating on Mobster Tony Soprano, a doctor says "Oh my God!" another says "What is it?" and the doctor claims jokingly "I think I found Jimmy Hoffa!"
  • In his comedy special Playin' With Your Head, George Carlin mentions Hoffa during a bit about how he believes the concept of "missing persons" defies the laws of physics; Carlin comments "Jimmy Hoffa isn't missing. He's in an oil drum in New Jersey!"
  • In the series premiere of The Larry Sanders Show, Garry Shandling quips that he "found Jimmy Hoffa" while advertising for "The Garden Weasel", a fictional gardening tool.
  • In an episode of CSI:NY, after a tip off from a mobster, a body of is found buried under Giants Stadium. One of the Jersey CSI jokes that he thought Hoffa being buried in the stadium was a myth. It later turned out to be someone who crossed the Tanglewood Boys.
  • In episode 116 of MADtv we see "Casino Man," a combined parody of the films Casino and Encino Man where, instead of digging up a caveman, two teenagers dig up Jimmy Hoffa who promptly shouts, "Next time you bury someone, make sure he's dead!"
  • In a Frasier episode, "A Words to the Wiseguy", Martin is found asleep after attempting to stay up all night to catch a newspaper thief. Frasier makes a sarcastic comment about how Martin worked as "watchman for Jimmy Hoffa".
  • In an episode of 'Dexter' Sgt. Doakes says "We have less information about you, than Jimmy Hoffa!" about Dexter.
  • In The Simpsons episode Maximum Homerdrive when the truck drivers hear about Homer blabbing about the autodrive system one says "We'll have to teach our friend some discresion" and the other says "Just like we did to Jimmy Hoffa" the other replies "Hey shut up!" In the episode Last Exit to Springfield, Smithers mentions the Power Plant Union's representative hasn't been seen "since he promised to clean up the Union"; the scene cuts to a football player tripping up over a body buried in the field which is meant to be Hoffa.
  • In Rocko's Modern Life episode "Skid Marks", there is a dedicated line for Jimmy Hoffa at the Department of Motor Vehicles reception.
  • In the Blood Sisters episode "Going Somewhere Fast", when the gang accidently go to a graveyard, one of the tombstones read "Here lies Jimmy Hoffa, still fucking lost".
  • In Episode 1-10 of Gilmore Girls, Luke asks Lorelai who she's going to find now and says, "How about Jimmy Hoffa? That’ll keep you busy for a while."

// February 8 - Minipops premieres on Channel 4 in the UK. Though a ratings success, it is canceled after the first series due to heavy media criticism. ... A miniseries, in a serial storytelling medium, is a production which tells a story in a limited number of episodes. ... Robert Blake on the cover of the Baretta Season 1 DVD set. ... Robert Francis Bobby Kennedy (November 20, 1925 – June 6, 1968), also called RFK, was one of two younger brothers of U.S. President John F. Kennedy and served as United States Attorney General from 1961 to 1964. ... Cotter Smith (b. ... Robert Francis Bobby Kennedy (November 20, 1925 – June 6, 1968), also called RFK, was one of two younger brothers of U.S. President John F. Kennedy and served as United States Attorney General from 1961 to 1964. ... Discovery Channel is a cable and satellite TV channel founded by John Hendricks which is distributed by Discovery Communications. ... Historic smelter in Florence, Colorado In extractive metallurgy, a smelter is a factory for producing metal by the reduction of ore. ... MythBusters is an American popular science television program on the Discovery Channel starring special effects experts Adam Savage and Jamie Hyneman, who use basic elements of the scientific method to test the validity of various rumors and urban legends in popular culture. ... Giants Stadium, frequently referred to as The Meadowlands, is the home stadium for the New York Giants and New York Jets football teams of the NFL, and the Red Bull New York soccer team of MLS. It is located in East Rutherford, New Jersey in the Meadowlands Sports Complex, which... The 4400 is a science fiction television program produced by the USA Network and Sky One. ... This article is about the television series. ... George Denis Patrick Carlin[15] (born May 12, 1937) is a Grammy-winning American stand-up comedian, actor, and author. ... The Larry Sanders Show is a satirical television sitcom that originally aired from 1992 to 1998 on the HBO cable television network in the USA. It starred stand-up comedian Garry Shandling as vain, neurotic talk show host Larry Sanders. ... Garry Shandling (born November 29, 1949) is an American comedian. ... For other uses, see Mad TV (disambiguation). ... Casino is a 1995 film directed by Martin Scorsese. ... Encino Man is a 1992 comedy film, which was released in Europe as California Man, featuring actors Brendan Fraser, Sean Astin and Pauly Shore. ... Frasier is an American sitcom starring Kelsey Grammer as psychiatrist Dr. Frasier Crane. ... Simpsons redirects here. ... Maximum Homerdrive is the seventeenth episode of The Simpsons tenth season. ... Last Exit to Springfield is the 17th episode of The Simpsons fourth season. ... Rockos Modern Life was an Emmy-nominated American animated series created by Joe Murray that aired for four seasons from 1993 to 1996. ... Blood Sisters is a critically acclaimed 2005 book by Barbara and Stephanie Keating. ... Gilmore Girls is a long-running, Emmy Award winning, and Golden Globe nominated American television drama/comedy created by Amy Sherman-Palladino and starring Lauren Graham and Alexis Bledel. ...

Music

  • Aimee Mann has a song entitled "Jimmy Hoffa Jokes"
  • A capella duo Paul and Storm wrote a song entitled "Other places Jimmy Hoffa Isn't"
  • New Zealand Post-Rock band Jakob has a song entitled "Jimmy Hoffa" on their album Cale:Drew
  • Rapper Young Dro has a song called "Cartoon" in which he says "All you niggas pop or play will lay where Jimmy Hoffa lay"
  • Rapper Andre Nickatina has as song called "All Star Chuck Taylors" where he says, "You be like Nicky man no fair, real propa, I disappear like Jimmy Hoffa."
  • On one of Gucci Mane's songs he say " messing with us be missing like Jimmy Hoffa"
  • In Jon McLaughlin's song "Amelia's Missing" he mentions Hoffa along with other missing people "I can't find Crazy Horse, can't find Hoffa/And Amelia's missing somewhere out at sea."
  • Double G(gangsta and gentlemen)(D-BLOCK) Rapper [Styles P.] has a song entitled "Alone in the Streets" in which he says "I think I should've been an author or sumthin, disappeared like Hoffa or sumthin, came back when they offered me sumthin."
  • In The Young Buck Song Guns Go Bang Ft. M.O.P He Says @ 0:37 "An unsolved mystery if done proper,partner look at jimmy hoffa they aint find his ass or who shot him"
  • In the Jay-Z song Allure from The Black Album he says, "I'm like a Russian mobster, drinkin distilled vodka/'Til I'm under the field with Hoffa, it's real"
  • In the Notorious B.I.G. song Last Day from the Life After Death, Disc 1, (D-BLOCK) Rapper (Jadakiss) says "Either you ridin' or you dyin' cause we swingin' iron, Lox and poppa, turning niggas' into Jim Hoffa"

Aimee Mann (born September 8, 1960) is an American rock guitarist, bassist, singer, and noted songwriter. ... Paul and Storm is an Arlington, Virginia based comedic musical duo consisted of Paul Sabourin and Greg “Storm” DiCostanzo. ... The term post-rock was coined by Simon Reynolds in issue 123 of The Wire (May 1994) to describe a sort of music using rock instrumentation for non-rock purposes, using guitars as facilitators of timbres and textures rather than riffs and powerchords. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Young Dro (born D Juan Hart in Atlanta, Georgia on January 15, 1979) is an American rapper signed to T.I.s label, Grand Hustle. ... Jay-Z (aka the Jigga, HOV and Hova, born Shawn Carter on December 4, 1970 in Brooklyn, New York) is an African American rapper/hip hop artist and record label executive; one of the most popular and successful rappers of the late 1990s and early 2000s. ... Christopher Wallace (May 21, 1972 - March 9, 1997), also known as Biggie Smalls (after a stylish gangster in the 1975 comedy, Lets Do it Again), but best known as The Notorious B.I.G. (Business Instead of Game). ...

Books

  • Walter Sheridan's book The Fall and Rise of Jimmy Hoffa is noted as an account of Hoffa's trials in Tennessee. It is usually considered to be biased, however, as Sheridan was a lawyer working for Robert Kennedy.
  • Two other books are The Hoffa Wars by investigative reporter Dan Moldea, which details Hoffa's rise to power (see below); and Contract Killer by William Hoffman and Lake Headley, which attempts to examine Hoffa's murder in great detail.
  • Jimmy Hoffa is also a supporting character in the James Ellroy novel American Tabloid, where it is suggested that Jimmy enjoyed boating trips wherein he and friends would chum the waters, shoot sharks with Thompson submachine guns and/or beat sharks to death with nail studded baseball bats. He also appears as a character in Ellroy's follow-up novel The Cold Six Thousand.
  • The novel, Pictures At Eleven, tells the story of Al Strohmeier, a manic, offbeat, and fantastically average midwestern computer salesman who stumbles onto the plot behind and becomes the one and only witness to Hoffa's mysterious disappearance in 1975 (Lithium).
  • Jim Clay's book Hoffa! Ten Angels Swearing. An Authorized Biography published in 1965 by Beaverdam Books in Virginia as a paperback original defends Hoffa's position in his own words.
  • In the book The Dilbert Future by Scott Adams, in Chapter Three, "Technology Predictions", when explaining how ISDN works (or doesn't), Adams says: "You have a better chance of finding Jimmy Hoffa in your documentation than you have of finding the information you need to order an ISDN line." (page 42, Boxtree paperback edition).
  • In an early Bloom County strip, Milo Bloom grills a senator over the phone about Hoffa's whereabouts, deliberately twisting the senator's words; ie. Senator:I don't know where Hoffa is! Milo:(scribbling on notepad) I don't remember where I buried Hoffa, says Bedfellow...

Billy Hoffman at ShmooCon 2006 Billy Hoffman, also known as Acidus, is an American hacker, born in Atlanta, Georgia on October 15, 1980. ... James Ellroy (born Lee Earle Ellroy on March 4, 1948 in Los Angeles, California) is an American writer. ... American Tabloid book cover American Tabloid is a 1995 novel by James Ellroy. ... Tommy Gun redirects here. ... The Cold Six Thousand is a 2001 novel by James Ellroy. ... Scott Raymond Adams (born June 8, 1957) is the creator of the Dilbert comic strip and the author of several business commentaries, social satires, and experimental philosophy books. ... ISDN is also short for isosorbide dinitrate Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN) is a type of circuit switched telephone network system, designed to allow digital (as opposed to analog) transmission of voice and data over ordinary telephone copper wires, resulting in better quality and higher speeds, than available with analog... Bloom County was a popular American comic strip by Berke Breathed which ran from December 8, 1980 until August 6, 1989. ... Milo Bloom Milo Bloom was a central character in the American comic strip Bloom County. ...

Other media

  • Hoffa is something of a recurring gag in the comic strip Piranha Club by Bud Grace. In one storyline, the lead character, Ernie, finds the frozen corpse of Jimmy Hoffa when he is stranded in Tibet. In another, an Amazon tribe kidnaps Sid's pet piranha, and replaces him with Jimmy Hoffa's shrunken head. Ernie and Arnold also finds Jimmy Hoffa frozen inside a glacier while scaling Mount Bayonne.
  • In 2006, low-cost airline Spirit Airlines released a "Hunt for Hoffa" advertising campaign with the tagline "Help us find Hoffa with our Hunt for Hoffa game and enjoy fares from just $39 each way." The point of the game was to dig for Hoffa's body by clicking grids on the airline's website, and "winners" were taken to another webpage, saying "You found Hoffa!," thanking them for assisting the National Spirit Sale Center find the politician's body.[8] Within hours after the promotion debuted, the company received many complaints, and the promotion was taken down immediately and changed to another promotion, simply titled "Happy Sale." This promotion was later listed as #8 on CNN Money's 101 Dumbest Moments in Business.[9]
  • In Joan Rivers' stand-up comedy act "What Becomes a (Semi) Legend Most", Joan laments her upcoming visit to the gynecologist since he tends to make remarks which imply that she is not having frequent sex: "I better get the Endust", "THERE'S Jimmy Hoffa!!!", etc.
  • Released January 11, 2008, Hoffa appears as a baby in "Sam and Max" Season 2, Episode 2. He was apparently addicted to the waters of the fountain of youth, which exist on the Moai islands.
  • In the Video Game "Grand Theft Auto: Vice City", there is a Jimmy Hoffa "Easter Egg". When a player takes a sea-plane and forces it under the bridge on the northwest corner of the city, a glitch will occur that allows you to see inside the bridge. Having noticed this glitch, RockStar-the creators of the game, decided to work with this, and placed Jimmy Hoffa's body inside the bridge to follow the myth that he was thrown in a cement mixer and built into a city structure.

Piranha Club is the title of a comic strip written and illustrated by Bud Grace. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Boeing 737-200 of low-cost Irish airline Ryanair A low-cost carrier (also known as a no-frills or discount carrier) is an airline that offers low fares but eliminates most traditional passenger services. ... Spirit Airlines is a United States low-cost airline operating nationwide scheduled and charter flights. ... An advertising campaign is a series of advertisement messages that share a single idea and theme which make up an integrated marketing communication (IMC). ... The Cable News Network, commonly known as CNN, is a major cable television network founded in 1980 by Ted Turner. ... is the 11th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... Sam and Max are a pair of fictional comic book characters who occupy a parody of American popular culture. ...

Notes and references

  1. ^ http://www.freep.com/assets/static/pdf/2006/06/hoffex0616.pdf
  2. ^ Aging Leaders of Detroit Mafia Are Among 17 Indicted by U.S.
  3. ^ http://www.freep.com/news/mich/hoffa17_20030717.htm
  4. ^ http://www.clickondetroit.com/news/2336656/detail.html
  5. ^ http://www.cnn.com/2006/US/05/17/hoffa.search/index.html?section=cnn_topstories
  6. ^ http://www.freep.com/assets/static/pdf/2006/06/hoffex0616.pdf online
  7. ^ George Knapp (2006-11-16). The Hoffa Files: The Missing Body of Jimmy Hoffa. KLAS TV, Las Vegas. Retrieved on 2006-12-12.
  8. ^ Airline scraps online 'Hoffa' game. USA Today (2006-07-19). Retrieved on 2007-04-27.
  9. ^ Horowitz, Adam; David Jacobson, Tom McNichol, and Owen Thomas. 8. Spirit Airlines. 101 Dumbest Moments in Business. CNNMoney.com. Retrieved on 2007-04-27.

Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 320th day of the year (321st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 346th day of the year (347th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... USA Today is a national American daily newspaper published by the Gannett Company. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 200th day of the year (201st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 117th day of the year (118th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 117th day of the year (118th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Bibliography

  • Arthur A. Sloane, Hoffa, MIT Press, 1992.
  • Charles Brandt, I Heard You Paint Houses: Frank "the Irishman" Sheeran and the inside story of the Mafia, the Teamsters, and the last ride of Jimmy Hoffa, Steerforth Press, Hanover (NH, USA) 2004 (ISBN 1-58642-077-1).
  • Dan E. Moldea, The Hoffa Wars, Charter Books, New York: 1978 (ISBN 0-441-34010-5).

See also

The following is a compilation of people who have mysteriously disappeared, whose death is not substantiated, whose remains have not been recovered, whose current whereabouts are unknown, and who (except for the most recent cases) may be presumed deceased. ... The International Brotherhood of Teamsters, Chauffeurs, Warehousemen and Helpers of America, commonly known as the International Brotherhood of Teamsters (IBT) or simply the Teamsters, is one of the largest labor unions in the United States. ... Death in absentia describes a legal finding of death if a person has been missing for more than a certain period of time. ... This article is about the criminal society. ... Hoffa is a 1992 biographical film based on the life and mysterious death of Teamsters Union leader Jimmy Hoffa. ... James Phillip Hoffa (born May 19, 1941), is the president of the International Brotherhood of Teamsters. ...

External links

  • Satellite view of the Hidden Dreams Farm.
  • Hoffa Mystery Solved and Grand Lawn Cemetery Information Regarding the disposal of Hoffa's body. Updated 01-13-08.
  • Detroit Free Press Article 7-01-07
  • Richard Nixon Secret Ties
Preceded by
Dave Beck
President of Teamsters Union (IBT)
1957-1971
Succeeded by
Frank Fitzsimmons
Dave Beck (June 16, 1894-December 26, 1993) was an American labor leader, president of the International Brotherhood of Teamsters from 1952 to 1957. ... The International Brotherhood of Teamsters (IBT), formerly known by the name International Brotherhood of Teamsters, Chauffeurs, Warehousemen and Helpers of America, is one of the largest labor unions in the United States. ... Frank Fitzsimmons (August 7, 1907 – May 6, 1981), was President of the International Brotherhood of Teamsters until his death from cancer in 1981. ... Established October 15, 1966 Activated April 1, 1967 Secretary Mary Peters Deputy Secretary Maria Cino Budget $58 billion (2004 estimate) Employees 58,622 (2004 estimate) The United States Department of Transportation (DOT) is a Cabinet department of the United States government concerned with transport. ... A commercial drivers license (CDL) is required in the United States to operate any type of vehicle with a gross weight of 26,001 lb (11,793 kg) or over including (but not limited to) tow trucks, tractor trailers and buses. ... The Motor Carrier Regulatory Reform and Modernization Act, more commonly known as the Motor Carrier Act of 1980 (MCA) is a federal law of the United States which deregulated the trucking industry. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 567 pixelsFull resolution (1914 × 1356 pixel, file size: 479 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... SNC Century Freightliner LLC is a manufacturer of heavy duty trucks, chassis and semi-trailer trucks. ... It has been suggested that International Harvester be merged into this article or section. ... Peterbilt Motors is a manufacturer of medium and heavy-duty Class 6 through Class 8 trucks headquartered in Denton, Texas. ... The Kenworth Bug on the new T660 Kenworth is a manufacturer of medium and heavy-duty Class 8 trucks based in Kirkland, Washington, a suburb of Seattle. ... Volvo Trucks, a Swedish truck manufacturer, owned by Volvo, is the Worlds second largest heavy-duty truck brand. ... Mack Trucks is one of the worlds leading truck-manufacturing companies. ... Sterling Trucks is a manufacturer of heavy duty trucks. ... Western Star is a manufacturer of large commercial trucks. ... White Motor Company, American automobile manufacturers In 1876, Thomas H. White incorporated his business in Cleveland, Ohio, as the White Sewing Machine Co. ... Caterpillar Inc. ... Detroit Diesel Corporation (DDC), headquartered in Detroit, Michigan, USA, is part of the Freightliner - Trucks NAFTA Business Unit, and is a subsidiary of DaimlerChrysler AG. The company produces on-highway medium and heavy-duty Diesel engines for the commercial truck market, and for other commercial and automobile use. ... This article is about the diesel engine manufacturer. ... A truckload carrier is a trucking company that generally contracts an entire trailer-load to a single customer. ... Swift Transportation was founded by Jerry Moyes originally as Common Market. ... Headquarters in Green Bay, Wisconsin SNC Truck Schneider National, Inc. ... J.B. Hunt Transport Services, Inc. ... Covenant Transport, Inc. ... Werner Enterprises (NASDAQ: WERN) is one of the largest trucking companies in the United States and has its headquarters in Omaha, Nebraska. ... Less-Than-Truckload (LTL) shipping is the transportation of relatively small freight. ... Package delivery is the shipping of packages and parcels (and in some instances high value mail) as single shipments. ... United Parcel Service, Inc. ... Federal Express redirects here. ... ABF Freight System, Inc was established in 1923 and is headquartered in Fort Smith, Arkansas. ... Yellow Transportation, Inc. ... Con-way, Inc. ... “Removalist” redirects here. ... Mayflower Transit, LLC is a moving van company now part of UniGroup, which also owns United Van Lines. ... United Van Lines is a moving van company now part of UniGroup, which also owns Mayflower Transit. ... Allied Van Lines (Allied Worldwide, Sirva) is a moving van company founded in 1928 as a cooperative non-profit organization owned by its member agents on the east coast of the United States, to help with organizing return loads and minimizing dead-heading. ... Global Van Lines was founded in 1933 by George T. Howard as Howard Van Lines in Dallas, Texas and took its present name in 1957 when it was acquired by Trans-Ocean Van Service of Long Beach, California. ... North American Van Lines, or NAVL, is a large, United States based trucking company that is mainly dedicated to helping clients during the process of moving. ... Atlas Van Lines is a moving van company formed in 1948 by a group of 33 local moving firms in Evansville, Indiana. ... The Bekins Company was founded as Bekins Van Lines in 1891 by Martin and John Bekins in Omaha, Nebraska. ... A truck stop is a commercial facility that provides fuel, parking and usually food and other services to long-haul trucks. ... The facility features separate entrances for truckers and regular commuters. ... Flying J Inc. ... TravelCenters of America is the largest truck stop chain[1] in the United States and Ontario, Canada. ... // Pilot Travel Centers was founded on September 1, 2001 in a joint venture between Pilot Corporation and Marathon Petroleum Company. ... Road Ranger is an American corporation whose primary business is operating convenience stores and travel centers in the Midwestern states of Illinois, Missouri, Iowa, Wisconsin, and Indiana. ... Reginald Oliver Denny (born April 21, 1953 in San Pedro, California) was a white construction truck driver who, after being dragged from his truck, was nearly beaten to death by black rioters during the 1992 Los Angeles riots, some of whom where later determined to be gang members. ... Fred W. Smith (born August 11, 1944) is the founder of Federal Express, or FedEx, the first overnight express delivery company in the world, and the largest in the United States. ... J. Johnnie Bryan Hunt, Sr. ... Kelly Reno, born Jun 19, 1966[1] is a juvenile actor who was cast in the role of Alec Ramsey, the young boy who is marooned on a deserted island along with a horse, in The Black Stallion (based on the novel by Walter Farley) at age 13. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... The International Brotherhood of Teamsters (IBT), formerly known by the name International Brotherhood of Teamsters, Chauffeurs, Warehousemen and Helpers of America, is one of the largest labor unions in the United States. ... Smokey and the Bandit is a 1977 movie starring Burt Reynolds, Sally Field, Jackie Gleason, Jerry Reed, Pat McCormick, Paul Williams, and Mike Henry. ... Smokey and the Bandit II is a film released on August 15, 1980 in the United States, January 1, 1981 in Australia, January 22, 1981 in West Germany, January 30, 1981 in Sweden, February 7, 1981 in Norway, and March 27, 1981 in Finland. ... Smokey and the Bandit Part Three (often refered to by the shorter title Smokey and the Bandit 3) is the 1983 sequel to Smokey and the Bandit and Smokey and the Bandit II starring Jackie Gleason, Jerry Reed, Paul Williams, Pat McCormick, Mike Henry and Colleen Camp. ... F.I.S.T. is a 1978 movie directed by Norman Jewison and starring Sylvester Stallone. ... Convoy is a 1978 action film directed by Sam Peckinpah and starring Kris Kristofferson, Ali MacGraw, Ernest Borgnine and Burt Young. ... Black Dog is a 1998 movie featuring Patrick Swayze as well as musicians Meat Loaf and Randy Travis. ... They Drive by Night is a 1940 black-and-white film starring George Raft and Humphrey Bogart. ... White Line Fever is a popular American B grade movie about truck drivers released in 1975. ... Space Truckers, written and directed by Stuart Gordon, is a comedy/sci-fi movie released in the spring of 1996. ... Promotional poster for Suspect Zero Suspect Zero is a 2004 thriller, directed by E. Elias Merhige. ... Trick My Truck is a television program on Country Music Television (CMT). ... Greg Evigan and his simian cohort in . ... Movin On (also known as In Tandem) was a television show that ran for two seasons (and a total of forty-six episodes), between 1974 and 1976. ... Ice Road Truckers is a documentary-style reality television series that debuted on The History Channel on June 17, 2007 in the 10:00 PM Eastern time slot. ... Convoy is a 1975 novelty song performed by C.W. McCall (pseudonym of Bill Fries) that became a number-one hit in the USA and helped start a worldwide craze for citizens band (CB) radio. ... The Rolling Memorial is a semi-trailer truck painted with a mural intended to honor the victims of the 9/11 attacks. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Jimmy Hoffa (1246 words)
Hoffa was popular with his members and in 1960 was re-elected as president of the Teamsters Union.
A long-term supporter of the Republican Party, Hoffa was a generous supplier of funds to Richard Nixon in his presidential struggle with John F. Kennedy.
Jimmy delighted in showing people, particularly people with substantial education, that he was their equal or better.
Jimmy Hoffa - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3268 words)
Hoffa was born in Brazil, Indiana, the son of a poor coal miner.
Hoffa was planning to sue to invalidate that restriction in order to reassert his power over the Teamsters when he disappeared at around 2:30pm on July 30, 1975 from the parking lot of the Machus Red Fox Restaurant in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit.
Jimmy Hoffa is also a supporting character in the James Ellroy novel American Tabloid, where it is suggested that Jimmy enjoyed boating trips wherein he and friends would chum the waters and beat sharks to death with baseball bats.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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