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Encyclopedia > Jimmy Giuffre

James Peter Giuffre (born in Dallas, Texas, 1921) is an American jazz saxophone and clarinet player. Nickname: Big D Motto: Official website: www. ... 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Jazz master Louis Armstrong remains one of the most loved and best known of all jazz musicians. ... Saxophones of different sizes play in different registers. ... A bass clarinet, which sounds an octave lower than the more common Bâ™­ soprano clarinet. ...


Giuffre first became known as an arranger for Woody Herman's big band, and would continue to write creative, unusual arrangements throughout his career. For the use of the term orchestration in computer science, see orchestration (computers) Orchestration is the study and practice of adapting music for an orchestra or musical ensemble. ... Woodrow Charles Herman (May 16, 1913–October 29, 1987), better known as Woody Herman, was an American jazz clarinetist, alto and soprano saxophonist, singer, and Big band leader. ... A big band is a large musical ensemble that plays jazz music. ...


Giuffre was a member of Shorty Rogers's groups before going solo. Giuffre played clarinet, as well as tenor and baritone saxophones, but eventually focused on clarinet. His style is unique and distinctive, "having been self-formed, the only possible precedent having been the clarinet of Lester Young." [1] His early music was sometimes classified as cool jazz. Giuffre's early saxophone work has been favorably compared to Lester Young, as well. Shorty Rogers was a west coast jazz musician born April 14, 1924. ... Lester Willis Young, nicknamed Prez (August 27, 1909 – March 15, 1959) was an American jazz tenor saxophonist and clarinetist. ... Along with the bebop movement developed during the 1940s, the 1950s ushered in a lighter, more romantic style of jazz called cool. ... Lester Willis Young, nicknamed Prez (August 27, 1909 – March 15, 1959) was an American jazz tenor saxophonist and clarinetist. ...


Giuffre was a central figure in so-called West coast jazz. West coast jazz is a form of jazz music that developed around Los Angeles at about the same time as hard bop jazz was developing in New York City, in the 1950s and 1960s. ...


His first trio consisted of Giuffre, guitarist Jim Hall and double bassist Jim Atlas. They had a minor hit in 1957 when Giuffre's "The Train and the River" was featured on the television special The Sound of Jazz. This trio explored what Giuffre dubbed "blues-based folk jazz". A guitar is a stringed musical instrument. ... James Stanley Hall (born December 4, 1930) is a jazz guitarist and composer. ... Side and front views of a modern double bass with a French bow. ... 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A landmark television program that was part of CBSs Seven Lively Arts series. ...


When Atlas left the trio, Giuffre replaced him with valve trombonist Bob Brookmeyer. This unusual instrumentation was partly inspired by Claude Debussy. The group can be seen performing in the film Jazz on a Summer's Day filmed at the 1958 Newport Jazz Festival. Robert Brookmeyer (born December 19, 1929) is an American jazz valve trombonist, pianist, and arranger. ... Claude Debussy Achille-Claude Debussy (August 22, 1862 – March 25, 1918) was a composer of European classical music. ... Jazz on a Summers Day is a 1959 documentary film set at the 1958 Newport Jazz Festival. ... The Newport Jazz Festival is a music festival held every August in Newport, Rhode Island. ...


In 1961, Giuffre formed a new trio with piano player Paul Bley and double bassist Steve Swallow. This group received little attention when they were active, but were later cited by some fans and musicians as among the most important groups in jazz history. They explored free jazz not in the loud, aggressive mode of Albert Ayler or Archie Shepp, but with a hushed, quiet focus more resembling chamber music. The trio's explorations of melody, harmony and rhythm are still as striking and radical as any in jazz. Thom Jurek has written that this trio's recordings are "one of the most essential documents regarding the other side of early-'60s jazz." [2] 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... A grand piano A piano is a keyboard instrument, widely used in western music for solo performance, chamber music, and accompaniment, and also as a convenient aid to composing and rehearsal. ... Paul Bley is a free jazz pianist born in Montreal in 1932 and long resident in the USA. His music characteristically features strong senses both of melodic voicing and space. ... Side and front views of a modern double bass with a French bow. ... Steve Swallow (b. ... Free jazz is a movement of jazz music characterized by diminished dependence on formal constraints. ... Albert Ayler (July 13, 1936–November 1970) was an American jazz saxophonist, singer and composer. ... Archie Shepp on the cover of his album Tomorrow Will Be Another Day Archie Shepp is an American jazz saxophonist. ... Chamber music is a form of classical music, written for a small group of instruments which traditionally could be accommodated in a palace chamber. ... Look up melody in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Harmony is the use and study of pitch simultaneity and chords, actual or implied, in music. ... Rhythm (Greek ρυθμός = tempo) is the variation of the duration of sounds or other events over time. ...


Giuffre, Bley and Swallow eventually explored wholly improvised music, several years ahead of the free improvisation boom in Europe. Jurek writes that Free Fall, their final record, "was such radical music, no one, literally no one, was ready for it and the group disbanded shortly thereafter on a night when they made only 35 cents apiece for a set." [3] Free improvisation or free music is improvised music without any rules beyond the taste of the musicians involved, and not in any particular style. ...


In the early 1970s, Giuffre formed a new trio with bassist Kiyoshi Tokunaga and drummer Randy Kaye. Giuffre added instruments including bass flute and soprano saxophone to his arsenal. A later group included Pete Levin playing synthesizer and replaced Tokunaga with electric bassist Bob Nieske. This group recorded three albums for the Italian Soul Note label.


Into the 1990s, Giuffre continued teaching and performing. He recorded with Joe McPhee, and revived the trio with Bley and Swallow (now playing electric bass guitar). Through the mid 1990s Giuffre taught at the New England Conservatory of Music. He suffers from Parkinson's Disease and no longer performs. Joe McPhee (born November 3, 1939 Miami, Florida) is an American jazz musician. ... The New England Conservatory of Music (NEC) in Boston, Massachusetts is the oldest conservatory in the United States. ...


Discography

Thesis is a 1961 album by the Jimmy Giuffre 3. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Jimmy Giuffre: Cry Freedom (4162 words)
Giuffre says, “My feeling was at that time some drummers were so unrelenting and they weren’t all that creative in terms of what he wanted to do.
Giuffre, “and so she commissioned him to write some things for dance and he was actually on stage with her, playing.
Jimmy always believed you should not have to be aware of the music, that it just should draw you into whatever the movie’s about.
[minstrels] Jimmy Giuffre Plays 'The Easy Way' -- Adrian Mitchell (626 words)
Giuffre graduated from North Texas State Teachers College (1942), played in an Army band during his period in the service and then had stints with the orchestras of Boyd Raeburn, Jimmy Dorsey and Buddy Rich.
Giuffre had a minor hit with his recording of "The Train and the River," a song that he played during his notable appearance on the 1957 television special The Sound of Jazz.
Giuffre, who started late in life playing flute and soprano and seems to have made a career out of playing surprising music, reunited with Bley and Swallow in 1992.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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