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Encyclopedia > Jim Wright
James "Jim" Claude Wright, Jr.
Jim Wright

In office
January 6, 1987 – June 6, 1989
Preceded by Tip O'Neill
Succeeded by Tom Foley

Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Texas's 12th district
In office
January 3, 1955 – June 30, 1989
Preceded by Wingate H. Lucas
Succeeded by Pete Geren

Born December 22, 1922 (1922-12-22) (age 84)
Fort Worth, Texas
Political party Democratic

James Claude Wright, Jr. (born December 22, 1922), usually known as Jim Wright, is a former U.S. Congressman from Texas who served 34 years in the U.S. House of Representatives and was the Speaker of the House from 1987 to 1989. Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Dennis Hastert of Illinois, the current Speaker of the House (since January 6, 1999) The Speaker of the House of Representatives is the presiding officer of the United States House of Representatives. ... is the 6th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 157th day of the year (158th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... Thomas Phillip ONeill, Jr. ... Thomas Stephen Foley (born March 26, 1929 in Spokane, Washington) is an American politician of the Democratic Party, having served as the most recent Democratic speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives and ambassador to Japan. ... The United States House of Representatives (or simply the House) is one of the two chambers of the United States Congress; the other is the Senate. ... Official language(s) No official language See languages of Texas Capital Austin Largest city Houston Largest metro area Dallas–Fort Worth Metroplex Area  Ranked 2nd  - Total 261,797 sq mi (678,051 km²)  - Width 773 miles (1,244 km)  - Length 790 miles (1,270 km)  - % water 2. ... The current boundaries of Texas District 12. ... January 3 is the 3rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... Wingate Hezekiah Lucas (May 1, 1908 - May 26, 1989) was a U.S. Representative from Texas. ... Preston M. Geren (born January 29, 1952 in Fort Worth, Texas) became the 28th Undersecretary of the Army on February 21, 2006, following his nomination by President George W. Bush and confirmation by the United States Senate. ... December 22 is the 356th day of the year (357th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar). ... Nickname: Motto: Where the West Begins Location in the state of Texas Coordinates: , Country United States State Texas Counties Tarrant and Denton Government  - Mayor Michael J. Moncrief Area  - City  298. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic... December 22 is the 356th day of the year (357th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar). ... Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from... Official language(s) No official language See languages of Texas Capital Austin Largest city Houston Largest metro area Dallas–Fort Worth Metroplex Area  Ranked 2nd  - Total 261,797 sq mi (678,051 km²)  - Width 773 miles (1,244 km)  - Length 790 miles (1,270 km)  - % water 2. ... The United States House of Representatives (or simply the House) is one of the two chambers of the United States Congress; the other is the Senate. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Counties, Cities, and Towns Other countries Politics Portal      The Speaker of the United States House of Representatives is the presiding officer of the... Year 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ...

Contents

Early life

Wright was born in Fort Worth, Texas. He attended Fort Worth and Dallas public schools, eventually graduating from Oak Cliff High School, then studied at Weatherford College and the University of Texas at Austin. In December of 1941 he enlisted in the United States Army Air Forces, and after training was commissioned as a U.S. Army Air Forces 2nd Lt. as a bombardier in 1942. He earned a Distinguished Flying Cross during combat in the South Pacific during World War II. His retelling of his wartime exploits is contained in his 2005 book The Flying Circus: Pacific War --1943-- As Seen through A Bombsight. Nickname: Motto: Where the West Begins Location in the state of Texas Coordinates: , Country United States State Texas Counties Tarrant and Denton Government  - Mayor Michael J. Moncrief Area  - City  298. ... Nickname: Motto: Live Large. ... W. H. Adamson High School W. H. Adamson High School, formerly Oak Cliff High School is a secondary school located in the Oak Cliff area of Dallas, Texas. ... Weatherford College is a college located in Weatherford, Texas. ... The University of Texas at Austin (often referred to as The University of Texas, UT Austin, UT, or Texas) is a doctoral/research university located in Austin, Texas. ... The United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) was a part of the U.S. Army during World War II. The direct precursor to the U.S. Air Force, the USAAF formally existed between 1941 and 1947. ... The crews of bomber aircraft, historically, included a bombardier, as they were known in the United States, or a bomb aimer, as they were known in other countries, who was responsible for targetting the planes munitions. ... 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1942 calendar). ... The Distinguished Flying Cross. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


After the war, he made his home in Weatherford, Texas where he joined partners in forming a Trade Show exhibition and marketing firm. He also joined the Democratic Party. In 1946 he won his first election, to the Texas State House of Representatives, where he served from 1947 to 1949. He was Mayor of Weatherford from 1950-1954, serving as President of the League of Texas Municipalities in 1953. Weatherford is a city in Parker County, Texas, United States. ... The Democratic Party is one of two major political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. ... Year 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full 1946 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Career in Congress

In 1954, he was elected to Congress from Texas's 12th District, which included Weatherford and was based in Fort Worth. He would be re-elected fourteen times, gradually rising in prominence in the party and in Congress. He was elected House Majority Leader by one vote in December 1976, serving there until 1987, when he was elected the Speaker of the House. In 1988, he chaired the party's convention that nominated Michael Dukakis for president. Year 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Majority Leader of the United States House of Representatives acts as the leader of the party that has a majority control of the seats in the house (at least 218 of the 435 seats). ... Year 1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ... Michael Stanley Dukakis (born November 3, 1933) is an American politician born in Brookline, Massachusetts, to Greek-immigrant parents. ...


In the Dallas/Fort Worth Metroplex, Jim Wright is known for the Wright Amendment, a contentious law he sponsored that restricted air travel out of Dallas's secondary airport, Love Field. The Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington metropolitan area, a title designated by the U.S. Census as of 2003, encompasses 12 counties within the U.S. state of Texas. ... The Wright Amendment of 1979 was a federal law which originally limited traffic from Dallass Love Field airport to points within Texas, Louisiana, Arkansas, Oklahoma, and New Mexico. ... Dallas Love Field (IATA: DAL, ICAO: KDAL, FAA LID: DAL) is a public airport located five miles (8 km) northwest of the central business district (CBD) of the City of Dallas, in Dallas County, Texas, USA. The airport covers 1,300 acres and has three runways. ...


Ethics investigation and resignation

Jim Wright

Wright became the target of an inquiry by the House Ethics Committee. Their report in early 1989 implied that he had used bulk purchases of his vanity book, Reflections of a Public Man, to earn speaking fees in excess of the allowed maximum, and that his wife, Betty, was given a job and perks to avoid the limit on gifts. Faced with an increasing loss of effectiveness, he resigned as Speaker on May 31, 1989, effective upon the selection of a successor. On June 6, the Democratic caucus brought his Speakership to an end by selecting his replacement, Tom Foley, and on June 30 he resigned from his seat in Congress. Jim Wright, from http://bioguide. ... Jim Wright, from http://bioguide. ... The Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, often known simply as the Ethics Committee, is one of the committees of the United States House of Representatives. ... is the 151st day of the year (152nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 157th day of the year (158th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Thomas Stephen Foley (born March 26, 1929 in Spokane, Washington) is an American politician of the Democratic Party, having served as the most recent Democratic speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives and ambassador to Japan. ... is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


The incident itself was controversial and was a part of the increasing partisan infighting that has plagued the Congress ever since. The original charges were filed by Newt Gingrich in 1988 and their effect propelled Gingrich's own career advancement to Minority Whip and, seven years later, to the Speaker's chair itself. They may have originally been part of a response to Democratic efforts that had forced Edwin Meese's resignation as Attorney General or the rejection of Senator John Tower's nomination as Secretary of Defense.[citation needed] Newton Leroy Gingrich (born June 17, 1943), Ph. ... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ... Edwin Meese III Edwin Ed Meese III (born December 2, 1931 in Oakland, California) served as the seventy-fifth Attorney General of the United States (1985-1988). ... In most common law jurisdictions, the Attorney General is the main legal adviser to the government, and in some jurisdictions may in addition have executive responsibility for law enforcement or responsibility for public prosecutions. ... John Tower John Goodwin Tower (September 29, 1925 – April 5, 1991) was the first Republican United States senator from Texas since the Reconstruction after the Civil War. ... The United States Secretary of Defense is the head of the United States Department of Defense, concerned with the armed services and The Secretary is a member of the Presidents Cabinet. ...


After his resignation from the House, Wright retired from public service to Fort Worth, Texas. He serves as a professor at Texas Christian University, teaching a course titled "Congress and the Presidents". Nickname: Motto: Where the West Begins Location in the state of Texas Coordinates: , Country United States State Texas Counties Tarrant and Denton Government  - Mayor Michael J. Moncrief Area  - City  298. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Congress in Joint Session. ... The presidential seal is a well-known symbol of the presidency. ...


External links

  • Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
  • View Photos from the Jim Wright Collection from Weatherford College, hosted by the Portal to Texas History
  • Media Watch comparison of the treatment of the Meese and Wright resignations
  • Stories I Never Told the Speaker, by Wright's Chief of Staff Marshall Lynam

The Biographical Directory of the United States Congress is a biographical dictionary of all members of both houses of the United States Congress, past and present. ...

Further reading

  • Barry, John. The Ambition and the Power: The Fall of Jim Wright: A True Story of Washington. New York : Viking Press, 1989. ISBN 0-8317-8302-8. (Paperback: Penguin, 1992. ISBN 0-14-010488-7)
  • Wright, Jim. Balance of Power: Presidents and Congress from the Era of McCarthy to the Age of Gingrich. Turner Publications, 1996. ISBN 1-57036-278-5.
  • Wright, Jim. Reflections of a Public Man. Fort Worth, TX : Madison Publishing Company, 1984.
  • Wright, Jim. The Flying Circus: Pacific War - 1943 - As Seen Through A Bombsight. Guilford, CT: The Lyons Press, 2005. ISBN 1-59228-656-9.
Preceded by
Wingate H. Lucas
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Texas's 12th congressional district

19541989
Succeeded by
Pete Geren
Preceded by
Tip O'Neill
House Majority Leader
19771987
Succeeded by
Tom Foley
Preceded by
Tip O'Neill
Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives
January 6, 1987June 6, 1989
Succeeded by
Tom Foley

  Results from FactBites:
 
Jim Wright - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (660 words)
(born December 22, 1922), usually known as Jim Wright, is a former U.S. Congressman from Texas who served thirty-four years in the U.S. House of Representatives and was the Speaker of the House from 1987 to 1989.
In the Dallas Fort Worth Metroplex, Jim Wright is known for the contentious Wright Amendment, a law he sponsored that restricted air travel out of Dallas' secondary airport, Love Field.
Wright became the target of an inquiry by the House Ethics Committee.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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