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Encyclopedia > Jim Pepper

Jim Pepper (b. Salem, Oregon, June 18, 1941; d. Portland, Oregon, February 10, 1992) was an American jazz saxophonist, composer, and singer of Native American ancestry. State Capitol building in Salem Salem is the capital of the state of Oregon in the United States of America, and county seat of Marion County. ... State nickname: Beaver State Other U.S. States Capital Salem Largest city Portland Governor Ted Kulongoski (D) Official languages None Area 255,026 km² (9th)  - Land 248,849 km²  - Water 6,177 km² (2. ... June 18 is the 169th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (170th in leap years), with 196 days remaining. ... 1941 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Portland is the largest city in Oregon, and county seat of Multnomah County. ... February 10 is the 41st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1992 was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... Native Americans (also Indians, Aboriginal Peoples, American Indians, First Nations, Alaskan Natives, Amerindians, or Indigenous Peoples of America) are the indigenous inhabitants of The Americas prior to the European colonization, and their modern descendants. ...

Beginning in the late 1960s, Pepper became a pioneer of fusion jazz, his band The Free Spirits (active between 1965 and 1968) being credited as the first to combine elements of jazz and rock. His primary instrument was the tenor saxophone, and his characteristic incisive, penetrating (though soulful) tone was unique for its time, though a similar timbre was taken up by later players such as Jan Garbarek, Michael Brecker, and David Sanborn. Jazz fusion (sometimes referred to simply as fusion) is a musical genre that loosely encompasses the merging of jazz with other styles, particularly rock, funk, R&B, and world music. ... The tenor saxophone is one of the larger members of the saxophone family invented by Adolphe Sax. ... In music, timbre is determined by its spectrum, which is a specific mix of keynote, overtones, noise, tune behaviour, and envelope, as well as the temporal change of the spectrum and the amplitude. ... Jan Garbarek (born March 4, 1947) is a Norwegian tenor and soprano saxophonist active in the jazz, classical, and world music genres. ... Michael Brecker (b. ... David Sanborn is an American saxophonist, most commonly associated with smooth jazz. ...

Of Kaw and Creek heritage, Pepper also achieved notoriety for his compositions combining elements of jazz and Native American music. His "Witchi Tai To" (derived from a peyote healing chant of the Native American Church which he had learned from his grandfather) is the most famous example of this hybrid style; the song has been covered by many other artists. The Official Seal of The Kaw Nation of Oklahoma The Kaw are an American Indian people of the central Midwest. ... The Creeks are an American Indian people originally from the southeastern United States, also known by their original name Muscogee (or Muskogee), the name they use to identify themselves today. ... Binomial name Lophophora williamsii (Lem. ... Native American Church, also called Peyotism or Peyote religion, originated in Oklahoma, and is the most widespread indigenous religion among Native Americans. ...


  • Pepper's Pow Wow (1995). Directed by Sandra Sunrising Osawa. Seattle, Washington: Upstream Productions.

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  Results from FactBites:
jim pepper lives! (1069 words)
Jim Pepper, the son of a Creek Indian mother and Kaw father, grew up surrounded by the songs and dances of the intertribal powwow circuit.
A modern form of that interaction can be found now in the music of people like Jim Pepper, who based some of his pieces on traditional stomp dances, as well as on Native versions of Baptist hymns, in addition to the ritual chants of his grandfather.
Jim Pepper's music may be hard to find on CD (and even harder for the older LPs), but it's definitely out there for the patient hunter.
Jim Pepper Biography - AOL Music (207 words)
Jim Pepper will always be best remembered for his popular recording of "Witchi-Tai-To," a peyote chant put to music.
Pepper, who is definitively profiled in the hour-long documentary Pepper's Pow Wow (available on video), infused advanced jazz with the influence of his Native American heritage.
Pepper, who played in the "Everything Is Everything" band in the late '60s, was encouraged by Ornette Coleman and Don Cherry to put more of his heritage into his music.
  More results at FactBites »



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