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Encyclopedia > Jim Henson
Jim Henson

Jim Henson at the 1989 Emmy Awards.
Born September 24, 1936(1936-09-24)
Greenville, Mississippi
Died May 16, 1990 (aged 53)
New York City, New York
Occupation American puppeteer, film director and television producer

James Maury "Jim" Henson (September 24, 1936May 16, 1990), was the most widely known puppeteer in American television history.[1] He was the creator of The Muppets and the leading force behind their long creative run in the television series Sesame Street and The Muppet Show and films such as The Muppet Movie (1979) and The Dark Crystal (1982). He was also an Oscar-nominated film director, Emmy Award-winning television producer, and the founder of The Jim Henson Company, the Jim Henson Foundation, and Jim Henson's Creature Shop. Henson is widely acknowledged for the ongoing vision of faith, friendship, magic, and love which infused nearly all of his work.[2] Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (487x864, 197 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Jim Henson ... An Emmy Award. ... is the 267th day of the year (268th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Greenville is a city located in Washington County, Mississippi. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... is the 136th day of the year (137th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... This article is about the state. ... A puppeteer is a person who manipulates an inanimate object — a puppet— in real time to create the illusion of life. ... Director Herbert Brenon with actress Alla Nazimova on the set of War Brides, 1916 A director is a person who directs the making of a film. ... The primary role of a television producer is to coordinate and control all aspects of production, ranging from show idea development and cast hiring to shoot supervision and fact-checking. ... is the 267th day of the year (268th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 136th day of the year (137th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... A puppeteer is a person who manipulates an inanimate object — a puppet— in real time to create the illusion of life. ... For the slang term, see Muppet (slang). ... Sesame Street is an American educational childrens television series for preschoolers and is a pioneer of the contemporary educational television standard, combining both education and entertainment. ... The Muppet Show was a television program featuring a cast of Muppets (diverse hand-operated puppets, typically with oversized eyes and large moving mouths) produced by Jim Henson and his team from 1976 to 1981. ... The Muppet Movie is the first of a series of live-action musical feature films starring Jim Hensons Muppets. ... The Dark Crystal is a 1982 fantasy film directed by Jim Henson and Frank Oz. ... Although he never won an Oscar for any of his movie performances, the comedian Bob Hope received two honorary Oscars for his contributions to cinema. ... Director Herbert Brenon with actress Alla Nazimova on the set of War Brides, 1916 A director is a person who directs the making of a film. ... An Emmy Award. ... The primary role of a television producer is to coordinate and control all aspects of production, ranging from show idea development and cast hiring to shoot supervision and fact-checking. ... Jim Hensen Company in Los Angeles The Jim Henson Company is an American company founded in 1958 by puppeteer Jim Henson, creator of The Muppets. ... The Jim Henson Foundation was founded by puppeteer and Muppet creator Jim Henson to promote and develop puppetry in the United States. ... Jim Hensons Creature Shop is a company founded in 1979 by puppeteer Jim Henson, creator of The Muppets. ...


When Henson died on May 16, 1990, his sudden death resulted in an outpouring of public and professional affection. There have since been numerous tributes and dedications in his memory. Henson’s companies, which are now run by his children, continue to produce films and television shows. is the 136th day of the year (137th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ...


Humanitarian, muppeteer, producer and director of films for children that encourage tolerance, interracial values, equality and fair play. He was awarded the Courage of Conscience award September 26, 1992.[3]

Contents

Early life

Jim Henson was the second son of Paul Henson, agronomist for the U.S. Department of Agriculture, and Elizabeth Marcella Henson.[4] After spending his early childhood in Leland, Mississippi, he moved with his family to Hyattsville, Maryland, near Washington, DC, in the late 1940s. Henson was raised as a Christian Scientist;[5] he later remembered the arrival of the family's first television as "the biggest event of his adolescence,"[6] being heavily influenced by radio ventriloquist Edgar Bergen and the early television puppets of Burr Tillstrom (on Kukla, Fran and Ollie) and Bil and Cora Baird.[6] Agricultural science (also called agronomy) is a broad multidisciplinary field that encompasses the parts of exact, natural, economic, and social sciences that are used in the practice and understanding of agriculture. ... The U.S. Department of Agriculture, also called the Agriculture Department, or USDA, is a Cabinet department of the United States Federal Government. ... Leland is a city located in Washington County, Mississippi. ... Hyattsville is a city located in Prince Georges County, Maryland, USA. // History The city was named for its founder, Christopher Clark Hyatt. ... Official language(s) None (English, de facto) Capital Annapolis Largest city Baltimore Largest metro area Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 42nd  - Total 12,407 sq mi (32,133 km²)  - Width 101 miles (145 km)  - Length 249 miles (400 km)  - % water 21  - Latitude 37° 53′ N to 39° 43′ N... Aerial photo (looking NW) of the Washington Monument and the White House in Washington, DC. Washington, D.C., officially the District of Columbia (also known as D.C.; Washington; the Nations Capital; the District; and, historically, the Federal City) is the capital city and administrative district of the United... The Church of Christ, Scientist, often known as The Christian Science Church, is a nontrinitarian Protestant Christian denomination, founded by Mary Baker Eddy in 1879. ... Sam Bermans caricature of Charlie McCarthy and Edgar Bergen for 1947 NBC promotion book Edgar John Bergen (February 16, 1903 – September 30, 1978) was an American actor and radio performer, best known as a ventriloquist. ... A puppet is a representational object manipulated by a puppeteer. ... Burr Tilstrom (October 13, 1917 in Chicago, Illinois - December 6, 1985 in Palm Springs, California) was a puppeteer and the creator of Kukla, Fran and Ollie. ... Kukla, Fran and Ollie was an early television show using puppets, originally created for children but soon watched by more adults than children. ... William Britton Baird (August 15, 1904 - March 18, 1987), professional name Bil Baird, but often referred to as Bill Baird, was an American puppeteer of the mid- and late 20th century. ...


In 1954, while attending Northwestern High School, he began working for WTOP-TV creating puppets for a Saturday morning children's show. After graduating from high school, Henson enrolled at University of Maryland, College Park as a studio arts major, thinking he might become a commercial artist.[7] A puppetry class offered in the applied arts department introduced him to the craft and textiles courses in the College of Home Economics, and he graduated with a B.S. in home economics in 1960. As a freshman, he was asked to create Sam and Friends, a five-minute puppet show for WRC-TV. The characters on Sam and Friends were already recognizable Muppets, and the show included a primitive version of what would become Henson's most famous character, Kermit the Frog.[8] Northwestern High School is a public comprehensive secondary school located in Hyattsville, Maryland in Prince Georges County. ... The University of Maryland, College Park (also known as UM, UMD, or UMCP) is a public university located in the city of College Park, in Prince Georges County, Maryland, just outside Washington, D.C., in the United States. ... Studio art is made of art and studio, and the term has several implications depending on the context used. ... Family and consumer sciences, or home economics, is an academic discipline concerning consumer science, nutrition, cooking, parenting, interior decoration, textiles, gardening, and other subjects related to home management. ... B.S. redirects here. ... Sam and Friends was an early live-action/puppet television show created by puppeteer Jim Henson and his eventual wife Jane. ... WRC-TVs studios and tower (1962) WRC-TV NBC4 is a television station in Washington, D.C. NBC owned and operated, the station broadcasts its analog signal on channel 4 and its digital television signal on channel 48. ... For the slang term, see Muppet (slang). ... Kermit the Frog is a Muppet, one of puppeteer Jim Hensons most famous and beloved creations, first introduced in 1955. ...

An early incarnation of Henson's most famous character, Kermit the Frog, in a scene from the fifties television show Sam and Friends.
An early incarnation of Henson's most famous character, Kermit the Frog, in a scene from the fifties television show Sam and Friends.

In the show, he began experimenting with techniques that would change the way puppetry was used on television, including using the frame defined by the camera shot to allow the puppeteer to work from off-camera. Henson believed that television puppets needed to have "life and sensitivity,"[2] and so, at a time when many puppets were made out of carved wood, Henson began making characters from flexible, fabric-covered foam rubber, allowing them to express a wider array of emotions.[4] In contrast to a marionette, whose arms are manipulated by strings, Henson used rods to move his muppets' arms, allowing for greater control of expression. Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Kermit the Frog is a Muppet, one of puppeteer Jim Hensons most famous and beloved creations, first introduced in 1955. ... Sam and Friends was an early live-action/puppet television show created by puppeteer Jim Henson and his eventual wife Jane. ... Ethylene-vinyl acetate is commonly known as acetate or EVA. It is the copolymer of ethylene and vinyl acetate. ... A marionette is a type of puppet with strings controlled by a puppeteer from above. ...


When Henson began work on Sam and Friends, he asked fellow University of Maryland freshman, Jane Nebel, to assist him. The show was a financial success, but after graduating from college, Jim began to have doubts about going into a career as a puppeteer. He wandered off to Europe for several months, where he was inspired by European puppeteers who looked on their work as a form of art.[9] Henson returned to the United States and he and Jane began dating. They were married in 1959 and had five children: Lisa (b. 1960), Cheryl (b. 1962), Brian (b. 1963), John (b. 1965) and Heather (b. 1970). This article does not cite its references or sources. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... Brian Henson (born 1963 in New York City, New York) is an Academy Award-winning puppeteer, director, producer, and technician. ... John Henson is an American puppeteer best known for his association with The Muppets. ...


Struggles and projects in the 1960s

Despite the success of Sam and Friends, which ran for six years, Henson spent much of the next two decades working in commercials, talk shows, and children's projects before being able to realize his dream of the Muppets as "entertainment for everybody".[6] The popularity of his work on Sam and Friends in the late fifties led to a series of guest appearances on network talk and variety shows. Henson himself appeared as a guest on many shows, including The Ed Sullivan Show. The greatly increased exposure led to hundreds of commercial appearances by Henson characters through the sixties. A television advertisement is a span of television programming produced and paid for by an organisation that conveys a message. ... A talk show (U.S.) or chat show (Brit. ... A variety show is a show with a variety of acts, often including music and comedy skits, especially on television. ... The Ed Sullivan Show was an American television variety show that ran from June 20, 1948 to June 6, 1971, and was hosted by former entertainment columnist Ed Sullivan. ...


Among the most popular of Henson's commercials was a series for the local Wilkins Coffee company in Washington, D.C.,[10] in which his Muppets were able to get away with a greater level of slapstick violence than might otherwise have been acceptable with human actors. In the first Wilkins ad, a Muppet named Wilkins is poised behind a cannon seen in profile. Another Muppet named Wontkins is in front of its barrel. Wilkins asks, "What do you think of Wilkins Coffee?" to which Wontkins responds gruffly, "Never tasted it!" Wilkins fires the cannon and blows Wontkins away, then turns the cannon directly toward the viewer and ends the ad with, "Now, what do you think of Wilkins?" Henson later explained, "Till then, [advertising] agencies believed that the hard sell was the only way to get their message over on television. We took a very different approach. We tried to sell things by making people laugh."[11] The first seven-second commercial for Wilkins was an immediate hit and was syndicated and reshot by Henson for local coffee companies across the United States;[10] he ultimately produced more than 300 coffee ads.[11] The same setup was used to pitch Kramel Milk in the Chicago, Il., area. For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ...


In 1963, Henson and his wife moved to New York City, where the newly formed Muppets, Inc. would reside for some time. When Jane quit muppeteering to raise their children, Henson hired writer Jerry Juhl in 1961 and puppeteer Frank Oz in 1963 to replace her;[12] Henson later credited both with developing much of the humor and character of his Muppets.[13] Henson and Oz, particularly, developed a close friendship and a performing partnership that lasted 27 years; their teamwork is particularly evident in their portrayals of the characters of, respectively, Bert and Ernie and Kermit and Fozzie Bear.[14] New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Jerry Juhl (July 27, 1937 - September 27, 2005) was a television and movie writer best known for his work with Jim Hensons Muppets. ... Frank Oz (born May 25, 1944) is an American film director, actor and puppeteer. ... Ernie and his rubber duckie with Bert in Sesame Street Bert and Ernie are two Muppets on the long-running PBS childrens television show Sesame Street. ... Fozzie Bear Fozzie Bear in Muppets Treasure Island (and Mr. ...


Henson's sixties talk show appearances culminated when he devised Rowlf, a piano-playing anthropomorphic dog. Rowlf became the first Muppet to make regular appearances on a network show, The Jimmy Dean Show. From 1964 to 1968, Henson began exploring film-making and produced a series of experimental films. His nine-minute Time Piece was nominated by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences for an Oscar for Short Film in 1966. Jim Henson also produced another experimental film, The NBC-TV movie The Cube, in 1969. Rowlf the Dog Rowlf the Dog is a Muppet character, a scruffy brown dog of indeterminate breed with a rounded black nose and long floppy ears. ... 7th millennium BC anthropomorphized rocks, with slits for eyes, found in modern-day Israel. ... The Jimmy Dean Show was a mid-1960s ABC television variety show, starring Jimmy Dean. ... Pickford Center for Motion Picture Study in Hollywood, California Founded on May 11, 1927 in California, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) is a professional honorary organization dedicated to the advancement of the arts and sciences of motion pictures. ... // This name for the Academy Award for Live Action Short Film was introduced in 1974. ... The Cube is a Microplex Cinema and venue in central Bristol. ...


Sesame Street

Main article: Sesame Street
Two of Sesame Street's most famous characters: Ernie (played by Henson) and Bert (played by Frank Oz)
Two of Sesame Street's most famous characters: Ernie (played by Henson) and Bert (played by Frank Oz)

In 1969, Joan Ganz Cooney and the team at the Children's Television Workshop asked Henson to work on Sesame Street, a visionary children's program for public television. Part of the show was set aside for a series of funny, colorful puppet characters living on the titular street. These included Oscar the Grouch, Bert and Ernie, Cookie Monster, and Big Bird. Henson performed the characters of Ernie, game-show host Guy Smiley, and Kermit, who appeared as a roving television news reporter. It was around this time that a frill was added around Kermit's neck to make him more frog-like. The collar was also used to cover the joint where the neck met the body of the Muppet. Sesame Street is an American educational childrens television series for preschoolers and is a pioneer of the contemporary educational television standard, combining both education and entertainment. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Bert_and_Ernie. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Bert_and_Ernie. ... Sesame Street is an American educational childrens television series for preschoolers and is a pioneer of the contemporary educational television standard, combining both education and entertainment. ... For other uses, see Ernie (disambiguation). ... Bert hosting a convention of the National Association of W Lovers meeting Bert is a fictional character, a Muppet on the Public Broadcasting Services long-running childrens television show, Sesame Street. ... Frank Oz (born May 25, 1944) is an American film director, actor and puppeteer. ... Joan Ganz Cooney (born 30 November 1929 in Phoenix, Arizona) is an American businesswoman and television producer. ... Sesame Workshop, formerly known as the Childrens Television Workshop (or CTW), is a non-profit organization behind the production of several educational childrens programs that have run on public broadcasting around the world (including PBS in the United States), as well as Noggin, a joint venture with Viacom... Sesame Street is an American educational childrens television series for preschoolers and is a pioneer of the contemporary educational television standard, combining both education and entertainment. ... Public broadcasting (also known as public service broadcasting or PSB) is the dominant form of broadcasting around the world, where radio, television, and potentially other electronic media outlets receive funding from the public. ... An Oscar the Grouch puppet, at the Smithsonian National Museum of American History in Washington, D.C. Oscar the Grouch, reading to Slimey. ... This article is about the Sesame Street character. ... For other uses, see Big Bird (disambiguation). ... Guy Smiley was a character on Sesame Street dubbed Americas favorite game show host. ...


At first, Henson's Muppets appeared separately from the realistic segments on the street, but after a poor test screening in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the show was revamped to integrate the two and place much greater emphasis on Henson's work. Though Henson would often downplay his role in Sesame Street's success (it is one of the longest-running U.S. television shows in history and has received 109 Emmy Awards to date, more than any other TV show)[15] Cooney frequently praised his work and, in 1990, the Public Broadcasting Service called him "the spark that ignited our fledgling broadcast service."[6] The success of Sesame Street also allowed Henson to stop producing commercials. He later remembered that "it was a pleasure to get out of that world."[10] For other uses, see Philadelphia (disambiguation) and Philly. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... This is a list of the longest running United States television series, ordered by number of broadcast seasons. ... The History of television technology can be divided along two lines: those developments that depended upon both mechanical and electronic principles, and those which are purely electronic. ... An Emmy Award. ... PBS redirects here. ...


Concurrently with the first years of Sesame Street, Henson directed Tales From Muppetland, a short series of TV movie specials aimed at a young audience and hosted by Kermit the Frog. The series included Hey, Cinderella!, The Frog Prince, and The Muppet Musicians of Bremen. These specials were comedic tellings of classic fairy-tale stories. Hey, Cinderella! (1969) is an adaptation of Cinderella, featuring Muppets. ... For other works sharing the title, see The Frog Prince (disambiguation). ... The Muppet Musicians of Bremen is a remake of The Town Musicians of Bremen, featuring Muppets. ...


Finding a wider audience

Henson, Oz, and his team targeted an adult audience with a series of sketches on the first season of the groundbreaking comedy series Saturday Night Live (SNL). Eleven sketches, set mostly in the Land of Gorch, aired between October 1975 and January 1976, with four additional appearances in March, April, May, and September. Henson recalled that "I saw what [creator Lorne Michaels] was going for and I really liked it and wanted to be a part of it, but somehow what we were trying to do and what his writers could write for it never jelled."[10] The SNL writers never got comfortable writing for the characters, and frequently disparaged Henson's creations; one, Michael O'Donoghue, memorably quipped, "I won't write for felt."[16] SNL redirects here. ... SNL redirects here. ... Lorne Michaels (born November 17, 1944) is a Canadian Emmy-winning television producer, writer and comedian best known for creating and producing Saturday Night Live and producing the various film and TV projects that spun off from it. ... Michael ODonoghue (born January 5, 1940, Sauquoit, New York, United States; died November 8, 1994) was a 20th century writer and performer noted for his dark and destructive style of comedy, and as the first head writer of the highly influential American television program Saturday Night Live. ...

Frank Oz performing Miss Piggy and Henson performing Kermit on the set of the breakthrough TV series The Muppet Show.
Frank Oz performing Miss Piggy and Henson performing Kermit on the set of the breakthrough TV series The Muppet Show.

Around the time of his characters' final appearances on SNL, Henson began developing two projects featuring the Muppets: a Broadway show and a weekly television series.[10] The series was initially rejected by the American networks, who believed that Muppets would only appeal to children; in 1976, Henson was finally able to convince British impresario Lew Grade to finance the show, which would be shot in the United Kingdom and syndicated across the globe.[9] That same year, he abandoned work on the Broadway show and moved his creative team to England, where The Muppet Show began filming. The show featured Kermit as host, and a variety of other memorable characters including Miss Piggy, Gonzo the Great, and Fozzie Bear. Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Miss Piggy being moved on Extreme Makeover: Home Edition Miss Piggy is a Muppet character primarily played by Frank Oz and sometimes Richard Hunt in Season 1 of The Muppet Show. ... The Muppet Show was a television program featuring a cast of Muppets (diverse hand-operated puppets, typically with oversized eyes and large moving mouths) produced by Jim Henson and his team from 1976 to 1981. ... For other uses of Broadway, see Broadway. ... Lew Grade, Baron Grade (birth name Louis Winogradsky) (December 25, 1906 - December 13, 1998) was an influential showbusiness impresario and television company executive in the United Kingdom. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... The Muppet Show was a television program featuring a cast of Muppets (diverse hand-operated puppets, typically with oversized eyes and large moving mouths) produced by Jim Henson and his team from 1976 to 1981. ... Miss Piggy being moved on Extreme Makeover: Home Edition Miss Piggy is a Muppet character primarily played by Frank Oz and sometimes Richard Hunt in Season 1 of The Muppet Show. ... Gonzo (aka Gonzo the Great or The Great Gonzo) is a puppet character, one of Jim Hensons Muppets. ... Fozzie Bear Fozzie Bear in Muppets Treasure Island (and Mr. ...


A vaudeville-style variety show aimed at a family audience, but with a frequently satirical, mature sense of humor, The Muppet Show became a sensation in the United Kingdom and soon elsewhere in the world. By 1978, it was being watched by 235 million people in 106 countries every week and TIME magazine referred to it as "almost certainly the most popular television entertainment now being produced on earth."[17] Much of the credit was given to Henson, whom TIME called a "genius".[17] On The Muppet Show, Henson performed Kermit the Frog, Rowlf the Dog, The Swedish Chef, Mah Nà Mah Nà, Link Hogthrob, Waldorf and Dr. Teeth. TIME redirects here. ... The Swedish Chef, making chocolate moose The Swedish Chef is a Muppet who appeared in the long-running The Muppet Show and was operated by Jim Henson and Frank Oz simultaneously. ... Mah Nà Mah Nà is a well-known pop music song, written by Piero Umiliani. ... Link Hogthrob was a pig-like Muppet on The Muppet Show. ... Waldorf (left) and Statler Statler & Waldorf are the names of a pair of muppet characters. ... The Electric Mayhem is the name of a Muppet rock band that appeared on The Muppet Show. ...


Henson's role in Muppet productions was often compared by his co-workers to Kermit's role on The Muppet Show: a shy, gentle boss with "a whim of steel"[14] who "[ran] things as firmly as it is possible to run an explosion in a mattress factory."[17] Carroll Spinney, the puppeteer of Big Bird and Oscar the Grouch, remembered that Henson "would never say he didn't like something. He would just go 'Hmm.' That was famous. And if he liked it, he would say, 'Lovely!' "[5] Henson himself recognized Kermit as an alter-ego, though he thought that Kermit was bolder than he was; he once said of Kermit, "He can say things I hold back."[18] Caroll Spinney, sometimes credited as Carroll Spinney and Ed Spinney (born December 26, 1933 in Waltham, Massachusetts, USA) is a puppeteer most famous for playing Big Bird and Oscar the Grouch on the childrens television show Sesame Street. ...


Transition to the big screen

Three years after the start of The Muppet Show, the Muppets appeared in their first theatrical feature film, 1979's The Muppet Movie. The film was both a critical and financial success;[19] it made US$65.2 million domestically and (at the time) was the 61st highest-grossing film ever made.[20] A song from the film, "The Rainbow Connection," sung by Henson as Kermit, hit #25 on the Billboard Hot 100 and was nominated for an Academy Award. In 1981, a Henson-directed sequel, The Great Muppet Caper, followed, and Henson decided to end the still-popular Muppet Show to concentrate on making films.[4] From time to time, the Muppet characters continued to appear in made-for-TV-movies and television specials. The Muppet Movie is the first of a series of live-action musical feature films starring Jim Hensons Muppets. ... USD redirects here. ... The Rainbow Connection is a popular song written by Paul Williams and Kenneth Ascher and originally performed by Kermit the Frog (Jim Henson) in The Muppet Movie in 1979. ... “Hot 100” redirects here. ... Although he never won an Oscar for any of his movie performances, the comedian Bob Hope received two honorary Oscars for his contributions to cinema. ... The Great Muppet Caper is the second of a series of live-action musical feature films, starring Jim Hensons Muppets. ...


In addition to his own puppetry projects, Henson also aided others in their work. In 1979, he was asked by the producers of the Star Wars film The Empire Strikes Back to aid make-up artist Stuart Freeborn in the creation and articulation of enigmatic Jedi Master Yoda. Henson suggested to Star Wars creator George Lucas that he use Frank Oz as the puppeteer and voice of Yoda. Oz voiced Yoda in Empire and each of the four subsequent Star Wars films, and the naturalistic, lifelike Yoda became one of the most popular characters in the Star Wars films.[21] This article is about the series. ... Movie poster Star Wars Episode V: The Empire Strikes Back is the sequel to the first released Star Wars movie, and the second film released in the original trilogy. ... Stuart Freeborn (born September 5, 1914, in London, England) is a British motion picture make-up artist, perhaps best known for his work on the original Star Wars trilogy. ... Jedi Knights and Jedi Knight redirect here. ... Yoda is a fictional character from the Star Wars universe, who appears in all of the franchises films except for Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope. ... George Walton Lucas, Jr. ...


In 1982, Henson founded the Jim Henson Foundation to promote and develop the art of puppetry in the United States. Around that time, he also began creating darker and more realistic fantasy films that did not feature the Muppets and displayed "a growing, brooding interest in mortality."[14] With 1982's The Dark Crystal, which he co-directed with Frank Oz and also co-wrote, Henson said he was "trying to go toward a sense of realism—toward a reality of creatures that are actually alive [where] it's not so much a symbol of the thing, but you're trying to [present] the thing itself."[10] To provide a visual style distinct from the Muppets, the puppets in The Dark Crystal were based on conceptual artwork by Brian Froud. The Jim Henson Foundation was founded by puppeteer and Muppet creator Jim Henson to promote and develop puppetry in the United States. ... A puppeteer is a person who manipulates a puppet or marionette, either by the use of strings, wires or their hands, for a stage production or film. ... The Dark Crystal is a 1982 fantasy film directed by Jim Henson and Frank Oz. ... Brian Froud (born 1947 in Winchester) is an English fantasy illustrator. ...


Crystal was a financial and critical success, and, a year later, the Muppet-starring The Muppets Take Manhattan (directed by Frank Oz) did fair box-office business, grossing $25.5 million domestically and ranking as one of the top 40 films of 1984.[22] However, 1986's Labyrinth, a Crystal-like fantasy that Henson directed by himself, was considered (in part due to its cost) a commercial disappointment. Despite some positive reviews (The New York Times called it "a fabulous film"),[23] the commercial failure of Labyrinth demoralized Henson to the point that Brian Henson remembered the time of its release as being "the closest I've seen him to turning in on himself and getting quite depressed."[14] (The film later became a cult classic.)[24] Henson and his wife also separated the same year, although they remained close for the rest of his life.[5] Jane later said that Jim was so involved with his work that he had very little time to spend with her or their children.[5] All five of his children began working with Muppets at an early age, partly because, Cheryl Henson remembered, "One of the best ways of being around him was to work with him."[2] The Muppets Take Manhattan is the third of a series of live-action musical feature films starring Jim Hensons Muppets, and the final film before Hensons death. ... Labyrinth is a 1986 fantasy film, directed by Jim Henson, produced by George Lucas, and designed through the art of Brian Froud. ... Brian Henson (born 1963 in New York City, New York) is an Academy Award-winning puppeteer, director, producer, and technician. ... Legal separation is a possible step towards divorce under United States law. ...


Later work

Henson's 1989 television series The Jim Henson Hour mixed familiar Muppets such as Kermit with darker, more realistic creatures and stories.
Henson's 1989 television series The Jim Henson Hour mixed familiar Muppets such as Kermit with darker, more realistic creatures and stories.

Though he was still engaged in creating children's programming, such as the successful eighties shows Fraggle Rock and the animated Muppet Babies, Henson continued to explore darker, mature themes with the folk tale and mythology oriented show The Storyteller (1988). The Storyteller won an Emmy for Outstanding Children's Program but was cancelled after nine episodes. The next year, Henson returned to television with The Jim Henson Hour, which mixed lighthearted Muppet fare with riskier material. The show was critically well-received and won Henson another Emmy for Outstanding Directing in a Variety or Music Program, but was cancelled after 13 episodes due to low ratings. Henson blamed its failure on NBC's constant rescheduling.[25] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Jim Henson Hour was a television show that aired on NBC in 1989. ... For the animated television series, see Fraggle Rock (animated TV series). ... Ò‰Jim Hensons Muppet Babies is an American animated television series that aired from 1984 to 1990 on CBS in first-run episodes, and then until 1992 in reruns. ... The Storyteller is a live-action/puppet television series. ... The Jim Henson Hour was a television show that aired on NBC in 1989. ... This article is about the television network. ...


In late 1989, Henson entered into negotiations to sell his company to The Walt Disney Company for almost $150 million, hoping that, with Disney handling business matters he would "be able to spend a lot more of my time on the creative side of things."[25] By 1990, he had completed production on a television special, The Muppets at Walt Disney World, and a Disney World (Later Disney's California Adventure as well) attraction, Jim Henson's Muppet*Vision 3D, and was developing film ideas and a television series titled Muppet High.[5] Disney redirects here. ... The Muppets at Walt Disney World is a television special starring Jim Hensons Muppets at the Walt Disney World Resort in Lake Buena Vista, Florida. ... Cinderella Castle, at the center of the Magic Kingdom, is Walt Disney World Resorts most recognizable icon Introduction Owned and operated by The Walt Disney Company, the Walt Disney World Resort in Florida, USA is home to four theme parks, three water parks, several resort hotels and golf courses... Disneys California Adventure is a theme park in Anaheim, California, adjacent to Disneyland Park and part of the larger Disneyland Resort. ... Jim Hensons Muppet*Vision 3D is an attraction found at Disney-MGM Studios, part of Walt Disney World located in Lake Buena Vista, Florida and at Disneys California Adventure Park in Anaheim, California. ...


Death

While busy with these later projects, Henson began to experience flu-like symptoms.[5] Flu redirects here. ... A symptom is a manifestation of a disease, indicating the nature of the disease, which is noticed by the patient. ...


On May 4, 1990, Henson made an appearance on The Arsenio Hall Show. At the time, he mentioned to his publicist that he was tired and had a sore throat, but felt that it would go away. is the 124th day of the year (125th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... The Arsenio Hall Show is a talk show which aired on late night in syndication from 1989 to 1994. ...


On May 12, 1990, Henson traveled to Ahoskie, North Carolina with his daughter Cheryl to visit his father and stepmother. The next day, feeling tired and sick, he consulted a physician in North Carolina, who could find no evidence of pneumonia by physical examination and prescribed no treatment except aspirin.[26] Henson returned to New York on an earlier flight and canceled a Muppet recording session scheduled for May 14. is the 132nd day of the year (133rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... Ahoskie is a town in Hertford County, North Carolina, United States. ... For other uses, see Doctor. ... Official language(s) English Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Largest metro area Charlotte metro area Area  Ranked 28th  - Total 53,865 sq mi (139,509 km²)  - Width 150 miles (240 km)  - Length 560[1] miles (900 km)  - % water 9. ... This article is about human pneumonia. ... This article is about the drug. ... May 14 is the 134th day of the year (135th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Henson's wife Jane, whom he was separated from, came to visit and sat with him talking throughout the evening. By 2 a.m. on May 15, 1990 he was having trouble breathing and began coughing up blood. He suggested to Jane that he might be dying, but did not want to bother going to the hospital. She later told People Magazine that it was likely due in part to his Christian Science upbringing combined with his desire to not be a bother to people.[5] is the 135th day of the year (136th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... Christian Science is a religious teaching regarding the efficacy of spiritual healing according to the interpretation of the Bible by Mary Baker Eddy, in her book Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures (first published in 1875). ...


At 4 a.m., he finally agreed to go to New York Hospital, at which point his body was rapidly shutting down. By the time he was admitted at 4:58 a.m., he could no longer breathe on his own and had abscesses in his lungs. He was placed on a mechanical ventilator to help him breathe, but his condition deteriorated rapidly into septic shock despite aggressive treatment with multiple antibiotics. Only twenty hours later, on May 16, 1990, at 12:58 a.m., Henson died from organ failure at the age of 53. New York-Presbyterian Hospital is a prominent university hospital in New York City, composed of two medical centers, Columbia University Medical Center and New York Weill Cornell Medical Center, each affiliated with an Ivy League University. ... A medical ventilator is a device designed to provide mechanical ventilation to a patient. ... Septic shock is a very serious medical condition caused by decreased tissue perfusion and oxygen delivery as a result of infection and sepsis. ... is the 136th day of the year (137th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... Multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS; previously known as multiple organ failure) is altered organ function in an acutely ill patient requiring medical intervention to maintain homeostasis. ...


The cause of death was first reported as streptococcus pneumonia, a bacterial infection.[6] Bacterial pneumonia is usually caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae, an alpha-hemolytic species of Streptococcus. Henson, however, died of organ failure due to infection by Streptococcus pyogenes, a severe Group A streptococcal infection, that engulfed his body.[27] S. pyogenes is the bacteria that causes scarlet fever, rheumatic fever and, in Henson's case, can cause toxic shock syndrome. Henson's life could possibly have been saved had he gone to the hospital a few hours earlier.[27] Bacterial pneumonia is an infection of the lungs by bacteria. ... Binomial name (Klein 1884) Chester 1901 Streptococcus pneumoniae, or pneumococcus, is a Gram-positive, alpha-hemolytic diplococcus bacterium and a member of the genus Streptococcus. ... Species S. agalactiae S. bovis S. mutans S. pneumoniae S. pyogenes S. salivarius S. sanguinis S. suis Streptococcus viridans Streptococcus uberis etc. ... Binomial name Rosenbach 1884 Streptococcus pyogenes is a spherical gram-positive bacteria that grows in long chains [1] and is the cause of Group A streptococcal infections. ... The group A streptococcus bacterium (Streptococcus pyogenes, or GAS) is a form of Streptococcus bacteria responsible for most cases of streptococcal illness. ... Rheumatic fever is an inflammatory disease which may develop after a Group A streptococcal infection (such as strep throat or scarlet fever) and can involve the heart, joints, skin, and brain. ... Toxic shock syndrome (TSS) is a rare but potentially fatal disease caused by a bacterial toxin. ...


Two separate memorial services were held for Henson, one in New York City at the Cathedral of St. John the Divine and one in London, England at St. Paul's Cathedral. As per Henson's wishes, no one in attendance wore black, and a Dixieland jazz band finished the service by performing "When The Saints Go Marching In". Harry Belafonte sang "Turn the World Around," a song he had debuted on The Muppet Show, as each member of the audience waved, with a puppeteer's rod, an individual, brightly-colored foam butterfly.[28] Later, in what was one of the most touching moments of the service, Big Bird (performed by Carroll Spinney) walked out onto the stage and sang a quavering rendition of Kermit the Frog's signature song, "Bein' Green".[29] The Cathedral Church of Saint John the Divine in New York City is the seat of the bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of New York. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... St Pauls Cathedral is a cathedral on Ludgate Hill, in the City of London in London, and the seat of the Bishop of London. ... Dixieland music is a style of jazz which developed in New Orleans at the start of the 20th century, and was spread to Chicago and New York City by New Orleans bands in the 1910s. ... When the Saints Go Marching In, so well-known that it is often referred to as The Saints, is a United States gospel hymn that has taken on certain aspects of folk music. ... Harold George Belafonte, Jr. ... For other uses, see Big Bird (disambiguation). ... Caroll Spinney, sometimes credited as Carroll Spinney and Ed Spinney (born December 26, 1933 in Waltham, Massachusetts, USA) is a puppeteer most famous for playing Big Bird and Oscar the Grouch on the childrens television show Sesame Street. ... Bein Green is a song sung by Kermit the Frog (voice of Jim Henson) on Sesame Street in 1972. ...


In the final minutes of the two-and-a-half hour service, six of the core Muppet performers sang, in their characters' voices, a medley of Jim Henson's favorite songs, culminating in a performance of "Just One Person" that began with Richard Hunt singing alone, as Scooter. "As each verse progressed," Henson employee Chris Barry recalled, "each Muppeteer joined in with their own Muppets until the stage was filled with all the Muppet performers and their beloved characters."[29] The funeral was later described by LIFE as "an epic and almost unbearably moving event." The image of a growing number of performers singing "Just One Person" was especially powerful; it was recreated for the 1990 television special The Muppets Celebrate Jim Henson and inspired screenwriter Richard Curtis, who attended the London service, to write the growing-orchestra wedding scene of his 2003 film Love Actually.[30] Richard Hunt (August 16, 1951 - January 7, 1992) was an American puppeteer best known for his association with The Muppets. ... Scooter is a bespectacled character from The Muppet Show. ... Richard Curtis in London, 1999 Richard Curtis CBE, (born 8 November 1956), is a New Zealand-born British screenwriter, best known for the TV programmes Blackadder and The Vicar of Dibley as well as movies such as Four Weddings and a Funeral, Notting Hill, and Love Actually. ... Love Actually is a romantic comedy first released in cinemas in October and November 2003. ...


After the funeral service, Jim was cremated. His ashes were scattered near Santa Fe, New Mexico at his ranch. Nickname: Location in Santa Fe County, New Mexico Coordinates: , Country State County Santa Fe Founded ca. ... This article is about a type of land use and method of raising livestock. ...


Business legacy

The Jim Henson Company and the Jim Henson Foundation continued after his death, producing new series and specials. Jim Henson's Creature Shop, founded by Henson, also continues to build creatures for a large number of other films and series (most recently the science fiction production Farscape, the film adaptation of The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy, and the movie MirrorMask) and is considered one of the most advanced and well respected creators of film creatures. His son Brian and daughter Lisa are currently the co-chairs and co-CEOs of the Company; his daughter Cheryl is the president of the Foundation. Steve Whitmire, a veteran member of the Muppet puppeteering crew, has assumed the roles of Kermit the Frog and Ernie, the most famous characters formerly played by Jim Henson.[31] Farscape (1999–2003) is a science fiction television series, featuring a present-day astronaut who accidentally travels through a wormhole to a distant part of the galaxy. ... The cover of the first novel in the Hitchhikers series, from a late 1990s printing. ... MirrorMask is a 2005 fantasy film from the Jim Henson Company, Samuel Goldwyn Films, and Destination Films. ... Steve Whitmire (born September 24, 1910) is a puppet with the Jim Henson Company. ...


On February 17, 2004, it was announced that the Muppets (excluding the Sesame Street characters, which are separately owned by Sesame Workshop) and the Bear in the Big Blue House properties had been sold by Henson's heirs to The Walt Disney Company. The Jim Henson Company retains the Creature Shop, as well as the rest of its film and television library including Fraggle Rock, Farscape, The Dark Crystal, and Labyrinth.[32] is the 48th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Bear in the Big Blue House is a television program for young children produced for the Disney Channel by The Jim Henson Company. ... For the animated television series, see Fraggle Rock (animated TV series). ... Farscape (1999–2003) is a science fiction television series, featuring a present-day astronaut who accidentally travels through a wormhole to a distant part of the galaxy. ... The Dark Crystal is a 1982 fantasy film directed by Jim Henson and Frank Oz. ... This article is about the mazelike structure from Greek mythology. ...


In February 2008, the Empire Film Group announced that it was planning to produce and distribute Henson, a film chronicling the life and achievements of Jim Henson. The film's screenplay was written by Robert D. Slane, and Empire plans to attract "a major director, such as Penny Marshall" and "notable star cast in key roles."[33] Penny Marshall at the 1988 Emmy Awards Penny Marshall (born October 15, 1942) is an American actress, producer and director. ...


Tributes

  • The Center for Puppetry Arts in Atlanta, Georgia has acquired more than 700 puppets created by Henson and his studio, including some of the earliest Muppets. Many of these are displayed in the museum exhibit Jim Henson: Puppeteer. In September 2008, the Center for Puppetry Arts will open Jim Henson: Wonders From His Workshop, highlighting creations from Fraggle Rock, Labyrinth, and other later works.
  • Henson is honored both as himself and as Kermit the Frog on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. The only other person to receive this honor is Mel Blanc, the voice actor of Bugs Bunny.
  • The classes of 1994, 1998, and 1999 at the University of Maryland, College Park (UMCP) commissioned a life-size statue of Henson and Kermit the Frog, which was dedicated on September 24, 2003, Henson's 67th birthday. The statue cost $217,000, and is displayed outside the UMCP student union.[34] In 2006, UMCP introduced 50 statues of their school mascot, Testudo the Terrapin, with various designs chosen by different sponsoring groups. Among them was Kertle, a statue by Washington DC artist Elizabeth Baldwin, designed to look like Kermit the Frog.
  • Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles II: The Secret of the Ooze and The Muppet Christmas Carol are both dedicated to him.
  • The television special The Muppets Celebrate Jim Henson allowed the Muppets themselves to pay tribute to Henson. The special featured interviews with Steven Spielberg and others.
  • A museum was built in memory of Henson in Leland, Mississippi. Official certificates from the Mississippi Legislature honoring Jim Henson and Muppets paraphernalia are on display.
  • Tom Smith's Henson tribute song, "A Boy and His Frog," won the Pegasus Award for Best Filk Song in 1991.
  • Stephen Lynch produced a song titled "Jim Henson's Dead," in which he pays homage to many of the characters from The Muppet Show and Sesame Street.
  • J. G. Thirlwell (under the alias Foetus In Excelsis Corruptus) performed a reworked version of Elton John's "Rocket Man" titled "Puppet Dude," with the lyrics altered to refer to Jim Henson. This can be found on the Male live album.
  • Apple Computer's "Think Different" advertising campaign featured Henson.
  • Oury Atlan, Thibaut Berland, and Damien Ferri wrote, directed, and animated a 3D tribute to Henson entitled "Over Time" which was shown as part of the 2005 Electronic Theater at SIGGRAPH.
  • Was featured in the Boyz II Men video, "It's so hard to say goodbye to yesterday"

The Center for Puppetry Arts in Atlanta, Georgia, was founded in 1978 by Vincent Anthony. ... This article is about the state capital of Georgia. ... John Denver and the Muppets: A Christmas Together The Muppets are a group of puppets and costume characters created by Jim Henson and the company he created. ... For the animated television series, see Fraggle Rock (animated TV series). ... This article is about the mazelike structure from Greek mythology. ... Buskers perform on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. ... Melvin Jerome Blanc (May 30, 1908 – July 10, 1989) was a prolific American voice actor. ... Bugs Bunny is an animated rabbit/hare who appears in the Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies series of animated films produced by Warner Bros. ... is the 267th day of the year (268th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A students union, student government, or student council is a student organization present at many colleges and universities, often with its own building on the campus, dedicated to social and organizational activities of the student body. ... Look up terrapin in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Steven Allan Spielberg (born December 18, 1946)[1] is an American film director, producer and screenwriter. ... The Mississippi Legislature is comprised of the Mississippi House of Representatives and the Mississippi Senate. ... Tom Smith is a singer-songwriter from Ann Arbor, Michigan who got his start in the filk genre. ... The Pegasus Awards were founded to recognize and honor excellence in filking. ... Filk is a form of music created from within fandom, and performed generally late at night at science fiction conventions. ... Stephen Lynch (born July 28, 1971), is an American singer and comedian, famous for his raunchy comic lyrics. ... Jim Hensons Dead is the name of a song by musician/comedian Stephen Lynch. ... J.G. Thirlwell James George Thirlwell (born January 29, 1960), aka Clint Ruin, aka Frank Want, aka Foetus, is a vocalist, composer and producer. ... Sir Elton Hercules[1] John CBE[2] (born Reginald Kenneth Dwight on 25 March 1947) is a five-time Grammy and one-time Academy Award-winning English pop/rock singer, composer and pianist. ... This article is about the song by Elton John. ... Male is a live album by Foetus In Excelsis Corruptus Deluxe. ... Apple Inc. ... Several different Think Different posters. ... Boyz II Men is an American R&B/soul singing group from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ...

Footnotes

  1. ^ HowStuffWorks.com
  2. ^ a b c Collins, James. "Time 100: Jim Henson", TIME, 1998-06-08. Retrieved on 2007-05-01. 
  3. ^ http://www.peaceabbey.org/awards/cocrecipientlist.html
  4. ^ a b c Padgett, John B.. Jim Henson. The Mississippi Writers Page. University of Mississippi Department of English. 1999-02-17. Retrieved on 2007-06-19.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g Schindehette, Susan. "Legacy of a Gentle Genius" (reprint), People, 1990-06-18. Retrieved on 2007-05-06. 
  6. ^ a b c d e Blau, Eleanor. "Jim Henson, Puppeteer, Dies; The Muppets’ Creator Was 53", The New York Times, 1990-05-17. Retrieved on 2007-05-01. 
  7. ^ Finch (1993). p. 9.
  8. ^ Finch (1993). p. 102.
  9. ^ a b "The Man Behind the Frog", TIME, 1978-12-25. Retrieved on 2007-05-01. 
  10. ^ a b c d e f Harris, Judy. "Muppet Master: An Interview with Jim Henson", Muppet Central, 1998-09-21. Retrieved on 2007-05-05. 
  11. ^ a b Finch (1993). p. 22.
  12. ^ Plume, Kenneth. Interview with Frank Oz. IGN FilmForce. IGN, 2000-02-10. Retrieved on 2007-05-06.
  13. ^ Freeman, Don. "Muppets On His Hands", The Saturday Evening Post 251.8, 1979.  pp. 50–53, 126.
  14. ^ a b c d Harrigan, Stephen. "It’s Not Easy Being Blue" (reprint), LIFE, July 1990. Retrieved on 2007-05-06. 
  15. ^ Season 37 Press Kit. Sesame Workshop Press Room. Sesame Workshop. Retrieved on 2007-06-19.
  16. ^ Shales, Tom; Miller, James Andrew (2002). Live From New York: An Uncensored History of Saturday Night Live. Boston, MA: Little, Brown and Company, 79–80. ISBN 0-316-78146-0. 
  17. ^ a b c Skow, John. "Those Marvelous Muppets", TIME, 1978-12-25. Retrieved on 2007-05-01. 
  18. ^ Seligmann, J.; Leonard, E.. "Jim Henson: 1936–1990", Newsweek, 1990-05-28. 
  19. ^ Finch (1993). p. 128.
  20. ^ "The Muppet Movie", Box Office Mojo. Retrieved on 2007-07-11.
  21. ^ Finch (1993). p. 176.
  22. ^ "1984 Yearly Box Office Results", Box Office Mojo. Retrieved on 2007-07-11.
  23. ^ Darnton, Nina. "Jim Henson's "Labyrinth"", The New York Times, 1986-06-27. Retrieved on 2007-05-06. 
  24. ^ Sparrow, A.E.. Return to Labyrinth Vol. 1 Review. IGN.com. 2006-09-11. Retrieved on 2007-07-10.
  25. ^ a b "Dialogue on Film: Jim Henson", American Film, American Film Institute, November 1989, pp. 18–21. 
  26. ^ Angier, Natalie. "An Aggressive Infection, Abrupt and Overwhelming", The New York Times, 1990-05-17. Retrieved on 2007-06-19. 
  27. ^ a b Altman, Lawrence. "The Doctor's World; Henson Death Shows Danger of Pneumonia", The New York Times, 1990-05-29. Retrieved on 2007-06-19. 
  28. ^ Blau, Eleanor. "Henson Is Remembered as a Man With Artistry, Humanity and Fun", The New York Times, 1990-05-22. Retrieved on 2007-05-14. 
  29. ^ a b Barry, Chris. Saying "Goodbye" to Jim. JimHillMedia.com. 2005-09-08. Retrieved on 2007-06-19.
  30. ^ Curtis, Richard (screenwriter). Love Actually audio commentary [DVD]. 2004-04-24.
  31. ^ Plume, Kenneth. "Ratting Out: An Interview with Muppeteer Steve Whitmire", Muppet Central, 1999-07-19. Retrieved on 2007-07-11. 
  32. ^ Meier, Barry. "Kermit and Miss Piggy Join Stable of Walt Disney Stars", The New York Times, 2004-02-18. Retrieved on 2008-04-08. 
  33. ^ "Empire Film Group Acquires Rights to Jim Henson Screenplay", Empire Film Group Press & Publicity, 2008-02-04. Retrieved on 2008-02-07.
  34. ^ Jim Henson Statue & Memorial FAQ. UMD Newsdesk. University of Maryland (2004-07-28). Retrieved on 2007-06-19.

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References

  • Finch, Christopher (1981). Of Muppets and Men: The Making of The Muppet Show. New York: Muppet Press/Alfred A. Knopf. ISBN 0-394-52085-8. 
  • Finch, Christopher (1993). Jim Henson: The Works—The Art, the Magic, the Imagination. New York: Random House. ISBN 0-679-41203-4. 

// Random House is a publishing house based in New York City. ...

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  Results from FactBites:
 
Jim Henson - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1557 words)
In 1982, Henson founded the Jim Henson Foundation to promote and develop the art of puppetry in the United States.
Henson also founded Jim Henson's Creature Shop to build creatures for a large number of other films and series (most recently the science fiction production Farscape and the film adaptation of The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy) and is considered one of the most advanced and well respected creators of film creatures.
Jim Henson died of sepsis caused by severe bacterial pneumonia at the age of 53 on May 16, 1990.
obits.com, The Internet Obituary Network, Obituary for Jim Henson (1507 words)
Henson's father was an agronomist for the US Department of Agriculture, assigned to a station in Leland, Mississippi, and it was there that Henson and his older brother Paul spent their early years.
Henson's budding artistic talents were encouraged by his maternal grandmother who was herself a skilled painter and seamstress, and she was credited with teaching Henson needlework and soft sculpture techniques in his youth.
Henson observed that by using the television camera to crop puppeteers from view of the audience, the puppets themselves would no longer be confined to the box-type stages traditionally used to screen operators from view.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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