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Encyclopedia > Jim Gilmore
Jim Gilmore
Jim Gilmore

In office
January 17, 1998 – January 12, 2002
Lieutenant(s) John H. Hager
Preceded by George Allen
Succeeded by Mark Warner

Born October 6, 1949 (1949-10-06) (age 57)
Richmond, Virginia
Political party Republican
Spouse Roxane Gatling Gilmore
Alma mater University of Virginia
Profession Lawyer
Religion Methodist

James Stuart "Jim" Gilmore III (born October 6, 1949) is a Republican politician who was Governor of Virginia from 1998 to 2002. He ran a brief campaign for the 2008 Republican presidential nomination, but in July 2007 became the first major GOP candidate to leave the race. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 577 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1098 × 1140 pixel, file size: 1. ... Tim Kaine, the current Governor The Governor of Virginia serves as the chief executive of the Commonwealth of Virginia for a four-year term. ... January 17 is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... January 12 is the 12th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... The Lieutenant Governor is a constitutional officer of the Commonwealth of Virginia. ... John Henry Hager John Henry Hager (August 28, 1936 - ) was born in Durham, North Carolina. ... George Felix Allen (born March 8, 1952) is a Republican U.S. Senator from Virginia. ... Mark Robert Warner (born December 15, 1954) is an American politician from the U.S. state of Virginia and a member of the Democratic Party. ... October 6 is the 279th day of the year (280th in leap years). ... 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1949 calendar). ... Nickname: Motto: Sic Itur Ad Astra (Thus do we reach the stars) Location in the Commonwealth of Virginia Coordinates: , Country United States State Virginia County Independent City Government  - Mayor L. Douglas Wilder (I) Area  - City 62. ... The Republican Party is one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States of America, along with the Democratic Party. ... The University of Virginia (also called U.Va. ... A lawyer, according to Blacks Law Dictionary, is a person learned in the law; as an attorney, counsel or solicitor; a person licensed to practice law. ... The Methodist movement is a group of denominations of Protestant Christianity. ... October 6 is the 279th day of the year (280th in leap years). ... 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1949 calendar). ... The Republican Party is one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States of America, along with the Democratic Party. ... Tim Kaine, the current Governor The Governor of Virginia serves as the chief executive of the Commonwealth of Virginia for a four-year term. ... Presidential electoral votes by state The United States presidential election of 2008 will be the 55th consecutive quadrennial election for President and Vice President of the United States, and is scheduled to be held on November 4, 2008. ... The Republican Party is one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States of America, along with the Democratic Party. ...

Contents

Early life and career

Gilmore was born in Richmond, Virginia to Margaret Evelyn Kandle, a church secretary, and James Stuart Gilmore, Jr., a grocery store meat cutter.[1] He graduated from John Randolph Tucker High School and received an undergraduate degree from the University of Virginia in 1971. After a three-year tour as a U.S. Army counterintelligence agent in West Germany, he entered the University of Virginia Law School, graduating in 1977. After working for a decade as a lawyer at the firm Benedetti, Gilmore, Warthen and Dalton, he was elected Commonwealth's Attorney in his home county of Henrico County in 1987 and 1991. Nickname: Motto: Sic Itur Ad Astra (Thus do we reach the stars) Location in the Commonwealth of Virginia Coordinates: , Country United States State Virginia County Independent City Government  - Mayor L. Douglas Wilder (I) Area  - City 62. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... The University of Virginia (also called U.Va. ... The Army is the branch of the United States armed forces which has primary responsibility for land-based military operations. ... Counterintelligence or counter-espionage is the act of seeking and indentifying espionage activities. ... The University of Virginia School of Law was founded in Charlottesville in 1819 by Thomas Jefferson as one of the original subjects taught at his academical village, the University of Virginia. ... Henrico County is a county located in the Commonwealth of Virginia, a state of the United States. ...


Governor of Virginia

In 1997, Gilmore, who had been elected Attorney General in 1993[2] and whose term in that position was ending, faced Lieutenant Governor Don Beyer in a bid to succeed George Allen as Governor. Gilmore campaigned heavily on the twin promises of hiring 4,000 new teachers in public schools and phasing out Virginia's car tax.[3] During the campaign Beyer refused to endorse Gilmore's car tax proposal, predicting that it would be a financial disaster for state government. Gilmore was elected, winning 56% of the vote to Beyer's 43%. [4] The Attorney General of Virginia is an executive office in the Government of Virginia. ... Donald S. Beyer, Jr. ... George Felix Allen (born March 8, 1952) is a former Republican United States Senator from the Commonwealth of Virginia, and the son of former NFL head coach George Allen. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


In his first year as Governor, Gilmore pushed for car tax reduction legislation that was eventually passed by the Democrat-controlled General Assembly. The legislation reduced car taxes on all cars valued less than $1,000, and phased out the tax on auto values over $1,000 as follows: 12.5% reduction in 1998; 25% reduction in 1999; 47.5% reduction in 2000; 70% reduction in 2001; 100% reduction in 2002. Beginning in 2001, Virginia's economy slowed and tax revenues flattened. In addition to a downturn in the national economy in 2001, Northern Virginia's economy was severely impacted after terrorists flew a hijacked airplane into the Pentagon in Arlington, Virginia, on September 11, 2001, resulting in the closure of Reagan National Airport for several months. Despite the economic downturn, Gilmore insisted on advancing the car tax phase out from a 47.5% reduction of each taxpayer's bill in 2000 to the scheduled 70% reduction in 2001. Gilmore signed an executive order reducing state spending by all agencies, except for education, to keep the state's budget balanced during the economic downturn. Democrats criticized the spending reductions and car tax cut. According to the Washington Post, "Virginia's politicians struggled to balance car-tax relief against demands for public services."[5] When Gilmore left office in January 2002, the state's "rainy day fund," or revenue stabilization fund, contained $1 billion. This article is becoming very long. ... Arlington County is a county located in the U.S. state of Virginia (which calls itself a commonwealth), directly across the Potomac River from Washington, DC. By an act of Congress July 9, 1846, the area south of the Potomac was returned to Virginia effective in 1847 As of 2000... A sequential look at United Flight 175 crashing into the south tower of the World Trade Center The September 11, 2001 attacks (often referred to as 9/11—pronounced nine eleven or nine one one) consisted of a series of coordinated terrorist[1] suicide attacks upon the United States, predominantly... ...


Gilmore also implemented new Standards of Learning reforms in Virginia's public schools. The Standards of Learning prescribed a uniform curriculum in math, science, English and social studies and instituted new tests at the end of the third, fifth and eighth grades, as well as end-of-course tests in high school, to measure student achievement. During Gilmore's term, Virginia's public school students' scores increased on these state tests as well as nationally normed tests.[6] Incorrect shortening of Mathematics. ... Part of a scientific laboratory at the University of Cologne. ... English studies is an academic discipline that includes the study of literatures written in the English language (including literatures from the U.K., U.S., Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Hong Kong, India, South Africa, and the Middle East, among other areas), English linguistics (including English phonetics, phonology, syntax, morphology, semantics... Social studies is a term used to describe the broad study of the various fields which involve past and current human behavior and interactions. ...


In 1999, Gilmore proposed and signed into law legislation that reduced tuitions at public colleges and universities by 20%. Gilmore also commissioned a Blue Ribbon Commission on Higher Education that studied accountability and governance of public colleges and universities. Gilmore's Commission authored the first blueprint for decentralized regulatory and administrative authority to some universities in return for agreements to meet agreed upon performance objectives.


Gilmore also proposed and signed into law Virginia's first stand-alone Martin Luther King Holiday. Prior to this proposal, Virginia had observed a combined Lee-Jackson-King Day that recognized Robert E. Lee, Stonewall Jackson and Martin Luther King on the same day each year. Gilmore and his wife, Roxane Gatling Gilmore, hosted a historic reception in the Governor's Mansion for Coretta Scott King and announced a technology partnership between Virginia and the King Center for Nonviolence. Gilmore also proposed and funded a new African-American History Trail in Virginia and called upon the State Board of Education to include a more diverse range of historical figures in Virginia's Social Studies curriculum. Test scores during Gilmore's term showed a narrowing of the "achievement gap" between minority and white students. Gilmore significantly increased funding for Virginia's two historically black universities, Norfolk State University and Virginia State University.


Gilmore created the nation's first state Secretary of Technology, a position first held by Donald Upson. Together they established a statewide technology commission, and signed into law the nation's first comprehensive state Internet policy.[7]


During his term, 37 people were executed in Virginia. Gilmore granted executive clemency to one death row inmate on the basis of mental illness. In another well publicized case, he pardoned Earl Washington, a former death row inmate, after DNA tests, ordered by Gilmore, implicated another person. Gilmore also ordered DNA tests in the case of Derek Rocco Barnabei; the tests confirmed Barnabei's guilt and he was executed. A pardon is the forgiveness of a crime and the penalty associated with it. ... For information about the Record company see Death Row Records For information about the computer game see Deathrow (game) Death Row is a term which refers to the section of a prison that houses individuals awaiting execution. ... A mental illness or mental disorder refers to one of many mental health conditions characterized by distress, impaired cognitive functioning, atypical behavior, emotional dysregulation, and/or maladaptive behavior. ... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The structure of part of a DNA double helix Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a nucleic acid that contains the genetic instructions for the development and function of living organisms. ...


As Governor, Gilmore signed into law legislation establishing a 24-hour waiting period and informed consent for women seeking an abortion, as well as a ban against partial birth abortion. Gilmore increased funding for adoption services. He also signed into law a bill that banned human cloning. In 1999, Gilmore went to court to try to prevent the removal of a feeding tube of coma victim Hugh Finn. Gilmore argued that removal of a feeding tube was not removal of artificial life support because it amounted to starvation of an infirm person who could not feed himself. As Attorney General of Virginia, Gilmore had defended a legal challenge to Virginia's first parental notification law for minors seeking abortions. The phrase partial-birth abortion is a controversial one used primarily by abortion opponents in the United States. ... For other uses, see Adoption (disambiguation). ... Although genes are recognized as influencing behavior and cognition, genetically identical does not mean altogether identical; identical twins, despite being natural human clones with identical DNA, are separate people, with separate experiences and not altogether overlapping personalities. ... In medicine, a coma (from the Greek koma, meaning deep sleep) is a profound state of unconsciousness. ...


The Virginia Constitution forbids any Governor from serving consecutive terms, so Gilmore could not run for a second term in 2001. He was succeeded by Democrat Mark Warner, who took office in early 2002. The Constitution of Virginia is a United States state constitution. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic... Mark Robert Warner (born December 15, 1954) is an American politician from the U.S. state of Virginia and a member of the Democratic Party. ...


Other positions, 1997-2003

During his term as governor, Gilmore chaired the Congressional Advisory Commission on Electronic Commerce.[8] The Commission was charged with the task of making recommendations to the United States Congress on Internet taxation. The Commission's Report to Congress opposed taxation of the Internet. [9] Type Bicameral Houses Senate House of Representatives President of the Senate President pro tempore Dick Cheney, (R) since January 20, 2001 Robert C. Byrd, (D) since January 4, 2007 Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi, (D) since January 4, 2007 Members 535 plus 4 Delegates and 1 Resident Commissioner Political...


From 1999 to 2003, Gilmore chaired the Congressional Advisory Panel to Assess Domestic Capabilities for Terrorism Involving Weapons of Mass Destruction, nicknamed the Gilmore Commission.[10] It presented five reports to Presidents Bill Clinton and George W. Bush, and to Congress each December 15 from 1999 through 2003. William Jefferson Bill Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III[1] on August 19, 1946) was the 42nd President of the United States, serving from 1993 to 2001. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the 43rd and current President of the United States, inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ...


From January 2001 to January 2002, Gilmore was the the Chairman of the Republican National Committee.[11] The Republican National Committee (RNC) provides national leadership for the Republican Party of the United States. ...


Presidential candidacy in 2008

A "Draft Gilmore for President" group was formed in August 2006 encouraging Gilmore to run for president.[12] On December 19, 2006, Gilmore announced he would form an exploratory committee to "fill the conservative void" in the race. On January 9, 2007, Gilmore officially filed papers with the Federal Election Commission to form the Jim Gilmore for President Exploratory Committee.[13] Professor Larry Sabato of the University of Virginia predicted that Gilmore would be one of several candidates competing for the conservative "slot" in the Republican field, and added, "This could be an elaborate ploy to boost his stock in Virginia for a run for governor or the Senate."[14] Presidential electoral votes by state The United States presidential election of 2008 will be the 55th consecutive quadrennial election for President and Vice President of the United States, and is scheduled to be held on November 4, 2008. ... In the election politics of the United States, an exploratory committee is an organization established to help determine whether a potential candidate should run for an elected office. ... Conservative may refer to: Conservatism, political philosophy A member of a Conservative Party Conservative extension, premise of deductive logic Conservativity theorem, mathematical proof of conservative extension Conservative Judaism britney spears Category: ... The Federal Election Commission (FEC) is an independent regulatory agency created in 1975 by Congress to administer and enforce campaign finance legislation in the United States. ... Larry J. Sabato is the Robert Kent Gooch Professor of Politics at the University of Virginia and is director of their Center for Politics. ... The University of Virginia (also called U.Va. ... The United States Senate is the upper house of the U.S. Congress, smaller than the United States House of Representatives. ...


Gilmore said he represented "the Republican wing of the Republican Party" in the race for the 2008 Presidential nomination; the comment mirrored the slogan used by Howard Dean when seeking the Democratic nomination in the 2004 election. Gilmore officially announced his candidacy on April 26, 2007. [15] Howard Brush Dean III (born November 17, 1948) is an American politician and physician from the U.S. state of Vermont, and currently the chairman of the Democratic National Committee, the central organ of the Democratic Party at the national level. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic... Presidential election results map. ... is the 116th day of the year (117th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


In the first quarter of 2007 Gilmore raised $174,790, the second lowest of any of the major-party candidates.[16]. Gilmore hosted only one fundraiser.


On July 14, 2007, Gilmore announced that he was ending his campaign and said in an interview that he was approached to run for either the Governorship in 2009 or the U.S. Senate in 2008 should Sen. John Warner retire. Citing the difficulty of raising enough money to be competitive in early-voting states of Iowa, New Hampshire, and South Carolina, Gilmore said that it would be "impractical" to run.[17] is the 195th day of the year (196th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... John William Warner (born February 18, 1927) is an American statesman and politician, who served as Secretary of the Navy from 1972-1974 and has served as the Republican senior U.S. Senator from Virginia since 1979. ... Capital Des Moines Largest city Des Moines Area  Ranked 26th  - Total 56,272 sq mi (145,743 km²)  - Width 310 miles (500 km)  - Length 199 miles (320 km)  - % water 0. ... Official language(s) English Capital Concord Largest city Manchester Area  Ranked 46th  - Total 9,359 sq mi (24,239 km²)  - Width 68 miles (110 km)  - Length 190 miles (305 km)  - % water 3. ... Official language(s) English Capital Charleston(1670-1789) Columbia(1790-present) Largest city Columbia Largest metro area Columbia Area  Ranked 40th  - Total 34,726 sq mi (82,965 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 260 miles (420 km)  - % water 6  - Latitude 32°430N to 35°12N...


Present activities

Gilmore is currently Chairman of the National Council on Readiness & Preparedness, a homeland security program focused on community involvement and public/private partnerships.[18] He is also President of USA Secure, a non-profit homeland security think tank based in Washington, D.C.[19] For the NBC TV Movie starring Tom Skeritt, see Homeland Security (film). ... A non-profit organization (often called non-profit org or simply non-profit or not-for-profit) can be seen as an organization that doesnt have a goal to make a profit. ... This article is about the institution. ... Nickname: Motto: Justitia Omnibus (Justice for All) Location of Washington, D.C., in relation to the states Maryland and Virginia Coordinates: , Country United States Federal District District of Columbia Government  - Mayor Adrian M. Fenty (D)  - D.C. Council Chairperson: Vincent C. Gray (D) Ward 1: Jim Graham (D) Ward 2...


He is currently a partner with the law firm Kelley Drye & Warren.[2] He is also on the Board of Directors of the National Rifle Association. Kelley Drye & Warren LLP is an American law firm headquartered in New York City. ... This article concerns the National Rifle Association of the USA. For the UK organisation, see National Rifle Association of the United Kingdom The National Rifle Association, or NRA, is a non-profit group for the promotion of marksmanship, firearm safety, and the protection of hunting and personal protection firearm rights...


Gilmore and his wife, Roxane Gatling Gilmore, currently reside in Richmond and Alexandria, Virginia. They have two sons, Jay and Ashton. Nickname: Motto: Sic Itur Ad Astra (Thus do we reach the stars) Location in the Commonwealth of Virginia Coordinates: , Country United States State Virginia County Independent City Government  - Mayor L. Douglas Wilder (I) Area  - City 62. ... Location in Virginia Coordinates: Country United States State Virginia Founded 1718 Government  - Mayor William D. Euille Area  - City  15. ...


Footnotes

The Washington Post is the largest newspaper in Washington, D.C., the capital of the United States. ... is the 353rd day of the year (354th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is now the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 39th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... January 4 is the 4th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is now the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Official sites
Topic pages and databases
Media coverage
  • Human Events column: Gilmore for President?
  • Gilmore back on political scene
  • Gilmore will explore a presidential run December 20, 2006
Preceded by
Mary Sue Terry
Attorney General of Virginia
1994-1998
Succeeded by
Richard Cullen
Preceded by
George F. Allen
Governor of Virginia
1998–2002
Succeeded by
Mark Warner

  Results from FactBites:
 
Jim Gilmore Information (866 words)
James S. Gilmore III (born October 6, 1949), commonly known as Jim Gilmore, is a Republican Party politician who served as Governor of Virginia and Chairman of the Republican National Committee.
Jim Gilmore was born and raised in Richmond, Virginia, and received an undergraduate degree from the University of Virginia in 1971.
Gilmore's flagship campaign promise had been "No car tax" [1]— the elimination of Virginia's personal property tax on cars and trucks in what would be the largest tax cut in the state's history.
Encyclopedia: Jim Gilmore (2701 words)
Jim Gilmore was born and raised in Richmond, Virginia.
Gilmore's plan was to use a roundabout payment scheme: the localities would continue assessing the car tax, but car owners would pay only part of the bill, and the state would make up the rest.
At the end of Gilmore's term, the Commonwealth of Virginia, whose constitution requires a balanced budget, was in its worst budget crisis in history due in large part to the economic downturn of the early 2000's and partially due to the cost of phasing out the "car tax".
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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