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Encyclopedia > Jim Bolger
Jim Bolger
Image:JimBolgerPhoto.jpeg
Personal Details
Birth: 31 May 1935
in Taranaki, New Zealand
Marriage: 1963, to Joan Riddell
Children: Nine
Religion: Roman Catholic
Background: Farmer from Te Kuiti
Political Details
Electorates: King Country, Taranaki-King Country
Order: 35th Prime Minister
Political Party: National Party
Premiership
Predecessor: Mike Moore
Term of Office: 2 November 1990
to 8 December 1997
Duration: 7 years, 1 month, 6 days
Cause of Departure: Replaced by party
Successor: Jenny Shipley

The Right Honourable James Brendan "Jim" Bolger, ONZ, (born 31 May 1935) was Prime Minister of New Zealand from 1990 to 1997. photo of former New Zealand prime minister Jim Bolger - under crown copyright This image is Crown copyright protected. ... May 31 is the 151st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (152nd in leap years), with 214 days remaining, as the last day of May. ... á 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... View of Mount Taranaki from Stratford (facing west). ... 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... Te Kuiti is a small town in the south of the Waikato region of the North Island of New Zealand. ... Current National Party logo The New Zealand National Party currently forms the second-largest (in terms of seats) political party in the New Zealand Parliament, and thus functions as the core of the Opposition. ... This page is about the New Zealand politician and Director-General of the World Trade Organisation. ... November 2 is the 306th day of the year (307th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 59 days remaining. ... This article is about the year. ... December 8 is the 342nd day (343rd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Right Honourable Jennifer Mary Shipley née Robson (born February 4, 1952), Prime Minister of New Zealand from December 1997 to December 1999, served as New Zealands first female Prime Minister, and led the centre-right National Party. ... The Right Honourable (abbreviated The Rt Hon. ... Badge of the Order of New Zealand The Order of New Zealand is the highest locally awarded honour in the New Zealand Honours System. ... May 31 is the 151st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (152nd in leap years), with 214 days remaining, as the last day of May. ... á 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Prime Minister of New Zealand is New Zealands head of government and is the leader of the party or coalition with majority support in the Parliament of New Zealand. ... This article is about the year. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Bolger entered politics in 1972 as the New Zealand National Party member of Parliament for King Country. He represented this electorate, which was renamed Taranaki-King Country in 1996, until his retirement in 1998. In 1975 he was a made a cabinet minister under Prime Minister Robert Muldoon, serving first as Minister of Fisheries and later as Minister of Agriculture. 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year that started on a Saturday. ... Current National Party logo The New Zealand National Party currently forms the second-largest (in terms of seats) political party in the New Zealand Parliament, and thus functions as the core of the Opposition. ... The New Zealand Parliament is the legislative body of the New Zealand government. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) is a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... 1998(MCMXCVIII) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1975 calendar). ... There are several Robert Muldoons of note. ...


He ran unsuccessfully for party leader in 1984. In 1986 he made a second attempt, and unseated Jim McLay as leader. After an unsuccessful election in 1987, National won the biggest landslide in New Zealand history in 1990. Bolger became prime minister. This page is about the year 1984. ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... James Kenneth McLay (born 21 February 1945), generally known as Jim McLay, is a former New Zealand politician. ... The 1987 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament. ... The 1990 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliaments 43rd term. ...


Prime Minister

Bolger's National government continued the economic and social reforms of the previous Labour government, with Finance Minister Ruth Richardson implementing drastic cuts in public spending, particularly in health and welfare. In addition, it continued the previous Labour government's anti-nuclear policy. The Minister of Finance is a senior figure within the government of New Zealand. ... Ruth Richardson (born December 13, 1950) served as New Zealands Minister of Finance from 1990 to 1993, and is known for her strong pursuit of radical economic reforms (sometimes known as Ruthanasia). Early life Richardson was born in southern Taranaki on 13 December 1950. ... The New Zealand Labour Party is a New Zealand political party. ...


In spite of his party's opposition, Bolger held a referendum on whether or not New Zealand should change from the British style electoral system of 'first past the post' to one of proportional representation. In 1992, New Zealanders voted to change to the Mixed Member Proportional (MMP) system. This was confirmed in a binding referendum held at the same time as the 1993 general election, which National won. Bolger had originally proposed a return to a bicameral system, with an elected Senate, but this proposal was dropped in the face of support for electoral reform. Proportional representation (PR) is any election system which ensures a proportionally representative result of a democratic election, x% of votes should be represented by x% in the democratic institutions, parliament or congress. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... The Additional Member System (AMS) is a voting system where some representatives are elected from geographic constituencies and others are elected under proportional representation from party lists. ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... In government, bicameralism is the practice of having two legislative or parliamentary chambers. ... A senate is a deliberative body, often the upper house or chamber of a legislature. ...


In 1994 Bolger caused surprise by suggesting that New Zealand should follow Australia if the latter severed links with the British monarchy and became a republic by doing likewise, but this received little popular support, as did proposals to end the status of the Privy Council as the country's highest court of appeal. His government ended the awarding of British honours in New Zealand, introducing a New Zealand Honours System. 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International year of the Family. ... This article describes the British monarchy from the perspective of the United Kingdom. ... Republicanism in New Zealand is the movement to change New Zealands status as a Commonwealth realm as a constitutional monarchy to that of a republic. ... A privy council is a body that advises the head of state of a nation, especially in a monarchy. ... The British honours system is a means of rewarding individuals personal bravery, achievement or service to the United Kingdom. ... // History Royal honours were awarded in New Zealand from the very beginning of settlement. ...


In 1996 New Zealand had its first election under MMP, and Bolger became caretaker Prime Minister until a coalition with a majority in parliament could be formed. Both Bolger and Labour leader Helen Clark sought the support of New Zealand First, which held the balance of power in the new House. Its leader, Winston Peters, had left the National Party to form his own party, and opposed many of the free-market reforms implemented by National, and Labour before it. In December of that year a coalition was formed between National and New Zealand First, with Peters being appointed to the new post of Treasurer (senior to the already existing post of Finance Minister, which was given to National's Bill Birch). 1996 (MCMXCVI) is a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... A coalition is an alliance between entities, during which they cooperate in joint action, each in their own self-interest. ... This article discusses the New Zealand Prime Minister. ... Current New Zealand First logo New Zealand First is a political party in New Zealand. ... The Right Honourable Winston Raymond Peters (born April 11, 1945) is a New Zealand politician and Member of Parliament, the current Minister of Foreign Affairs, outside cabinet. ... The Minister of Finance is a senior figure within the government of New Zealand. ... The Right Honourable Sir William Francis Birch, GNZM, (born 9 April 1934), usually known as Bill Birch, is a former New Zealand politician. ...


Bolger was quasi-affectionately nicknamed "Spud" because of his facial features and Irish ancestry. The Royal New Zealand Air Force nicknamed his Boeing 727 "Spud One". Bolger disliked the "Spud" tag but he answered to it when journalist Bill Ralston addressed him in a press conference, "Yo, Spud". During a public appearance with the Irish Prime Minister, Bolger (who tended to mirror those he was talking to) embarrassingly spoke in an Irish accent. The Royal New Zealand Air Force (RNZAF) is the air force arm of the New Zealand Defence Force. ... Sun Country 727 The Boeing 727 is a large commercial jet airliner carrying as many as 189 passengers. ... Spud One was an informal name adopted by civil servants for the Boeing 727 aircraft of No. ... The Taoiseach (plural: Taoisigh) or, more formally, An Taoiseach, is the head of government of the Republic of Ireland and the leader of the Irish cabinet. ...


Growing opposition to Bolger's slow pace led Transport Minister Jenny Shipley to stage a caucus coup in 1997. Bolger was out of the country at the time, and when he returned he found that he didn't have enough support in his caucus to remain as party leader and prime minister. He resigned on 8 December, and Shipley became New Zealand's first woman prime minister. As a sop to Bolger, he was made a junior minister in Shipley's government. The Right Honourable Jennifer Mary Shipley née Robson (born February 4, 1952), Prime Minister of New Zealand from December 1997 to December 1999, served as New Zealands first female Prime Minister, and led the centre-right National Party. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... December 8 is the 342nd day (343rd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...


He retired as MP for Taranaki-King Country in 1998, prompting a by-election in that electorate. He was subsequently appointed as Ambassador to the United States. On his return to New Zealand, he was appointed Chairman of the state-owned Kiwibank. Bolger was made a member of the Order of New Zealand in 1997. The Taranaki-King Country by-election was a by-election in the New Zealand electorate of Taranaki-King Country, a large and predominantly rural district in the west of New Zealands North Island. ... Kiwibank Limited is a wholly-owned subsidiary of the state-owned enterprise New Zealand Post Limited. ... Badge of the Order of New Zealand The Order of New Zealand is the highest locally awarded honour in the New Zealand Honours System. ...


Bolger is a Roman Catholic with nine children and voted pro-life whenever the issue came up in a conscience vote. The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... Pro-life is a self-descriptive term used in English-speaking countries, and especially the United States of America for those who hold life, or the sanctity of life, or the right to life to be universal values, and seek their enforcement by legislation or constitutional provisions. ...


See also

 
Prime Minister of New Zealand NZ Coat of Arms
Preceded by: Mike Moore (1990-1997) Succeeded by: Jenny Shipley
Sewell | Fox | Stafford | Domett | Whitaker | Weld | Waterhouse | Vogel | Pollen | Atkinson | Grey | Hall | Stout | Ballance | Seddon | Hall-Jones | Ward | Mackenzie | Massey | Bell | Coates | Forbes | Savage | Fraser | Holland | Nash | Holyoake | Marshall | Kirk | Rowling | Muldoon | Lange | Palmer | Moore | Bolger | Shipley | Clark

  Results from FactBites:
 
Jim Bolger - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (692 words)
Bolger had originally proposed a return to a bicameral system, with an elected Senate, but this proposal was dropped in the face of support for electoral reform.
Bolger was out of the country at the time, and when he returned he found that he didn't have enough support in his caucus to remain as party leader and prime minister.
Bolger is a Roman Catholic with nine children and voted pro-life whenever the issue came up in a conscience vote.
Jim McLay - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (645 words)
The two main candidates in the leadership race (apart from Muldoon himself) were Jim McLay and Jim Bolger.
Bolger, meanwhile, was seen as a more traditionalist and pragmatic candidate, although he was not so conservative as Muldoon.
Jim Bolger received a clear majority in the resulting caucus vote, ending McLay's leadership of the National Party.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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