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Encyclopedia > Jill Carroll
Jill Carroll appeared in a video released by the terrorist group, Brigades of Vengeance

Jill Carroll (born 1977) is an American journalist who was kidnapped and ultimately released in Iraq. Carroll was a reporter for the Christian Science Monitor at the time of her kidnapping, and she is currently a research fellow at Harvard University's Joan Shorenstein Center for the Press, Politics and Public Policy. After her release, Carroll wrote a series of articles on her recollection of her experiences in Iraq. Image File history File links Jill-Carroll. ... Image File history File links Jill-Carroll. ... This article is becoming very long. ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Christian Science Monitor (CSM) is an international newspaper published daily, Monday through Friday. ...

Contents

Overview

Carroll became an international cause célèbre when she was kidnapped in Baghdad on January 7, 2006. Carroll was freed on March 30, 2006. Look up cause célèbre in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Baghdad (Arabic: ) is the capital of Iraq and of Baghdad Governorate. ... January 7 is the seventh day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... March 30 is the 89th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (90th in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ...


Carroll was reporting in Iraq for the Christian Science Monitor. She has also worked as a commentator for news networks such as MSNBC. She had been in Iraq since October 2003. Before covering the Middle East, Carroll was a reporter in Washington, D.C., for the Wall Street Journal and States News Service. MSNBC, a combination of MSN and NBC, is a 24-hour cable news channel in the United States and Canada, and a news website. ... Nickname: Motto: Justitia Omnibus (Justice for All) Location of Washington, D.C., in relation to the states Maryland and Virginia Coordinates: Country United States Federal District District of Columbia Government  - Mayor Adrian M. Fenty (D)  - City Council Chairperson: Vincent C. Gray (D) Ward 1: Jim Graham (D) Ward 2: Jack... The Wall Street Journal is an influential international daily newspaper published in New York City, New York with an average daily circulation of 1,800,607 (2002). ...


According to an Associated Press report on August 9, 2006, U.S. Marines arrested four Iraqi men for participating in Carroll's kidnapping ([1]). August 9 is the 221st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (222nd in leap years), with 144 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ...


Carroll was born in Ann Arbor, Michigan. She attended Huron High School in Ann Arbor and graduated from the University of Massachusetts Amherst with a bachelor's degree in journalism in 1999. For the railroad company, see Ann Arbor Railroad. ... Huron High School is a public school in Ann Arbor, in the U.S. state of Michigan. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ...


Abduction

On January 7, 2006, Carroll, along with an interpreter and driver, traveled to the Adel district of Baghdad to interview Adnan al-Dulaimi, a Sunni politician and leader of the Iraqi People's Conference. After discovering that al-Dulaimi was not at his office, they left and soon after were ambushed by masked gunmen. The driver managed to escape, but Carroll was kidnapped and her interpreter, Alan Enwiyah, 32, was shot dead and his body abandoned nearby by the kidnappers during the abduction. Carroll's driver, quoted in a story posted on the Monitor's website, said gunmen jumped in front of the car, pulled him from it, and drove off with their two captives all within 15 seconds. Image File history File links WikiNews-Logo. ... Wikinews is a free-content news source and a project of the Wikimedia Foundation. ... January 7 is the seventh day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Adnan al-Dulaimi is an Iraqi politician and the leader of the General Council for the People of Iraq, a component of the Iraqi Accord Front which won 44 seats in the December 2005 general election. ... Sunni Muslims are the largest denomination of Islam. ...


Enwiyah, also known as Alan John Ghazi, was formerly a well-known music retailer in Baghdad ([2], [3]).


According to the watchdog group Reporters without Borders, Carroll was the 31st foreign journalist to be kidnapped in Iraq since the Iraq War began in March 2003. Reporters Without Borders, or RWB (French: Reporters sans frontières, Spanish: Reporteros Sin Fronteras, or RSF) is a French origin international non-governmental organization that advocates freedom of the press, founded by its current general-secretary, Robert Menard. ... For other uses, see Iraq war (disambiguation). ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Among the many kidnappings in Iraq, Carroll's kidnapping evoked one of the most widespread outcries.


"We are urgently seeking information about Ms. Carroll and are pursuing every avenue to secure her release," Monitor editor Richard Bergenheim said in January.


"I, her father and her sister are appealing directly to her captors to release this young woman who has worked so hard to show the sufferings of Iraqis to the world," Mary Beth Carroll told CNN's American Morning on January 19, 2006. The Cable News Network, commonly known as CNN, is a major cable television network founded in 1980 by Ted Turner. ... American Morning is the morning television show on CNN. It premiered in 2002. ... January 19 is the 19th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ...


The Daily Collegian, the University of Massachusetts student newspaper where Carroll worked in the '90s, held a rally calling for Carroll's release on Feb. 15, 2006.


In the efforts to locate and rescue Carroll, U.S. forces initially raided a mosque in the west of the capital after a tip that "activities related to the kidnapping were being carried out inside," triggering angry protests from Sunni Muslim citizens.


Video

On January 17, 2006, Qatar-based news network Al-Jazeera aired a silent 20-second video-tape that showed Carroll, and indicated that, in an accompanying message, an as-yet unidentified group was giving the United States 72 hours to release all female prisoners in Iraq. If that demand were not met, the group says it would kill Carroll. January 17 is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Al Jazeera (Arabic: , , , meaning The Island, or (Northwest) Mesopotamia[1]) is a television network headquartered in Doha, Qatar. ...


The silent video showed Carroll speaking in front of a white background.


The Qatar-based station said the kidnappers identified themselves as members of a previously unknown armed group calling itself the "Brigades of Vengeance".


Adnan al-Dulaimi

Sunni political leader Adnan al-Dulaimi, whom Carroll was attempting to visit when she was kidnapped, gave a press conference on January 20, 2006, and gave the following statements. Adnan al-Dulaimi is an Iraqi politician and the leader of the General Council for the People of Iraq, a component of the Iraqi Accord Front which won 44 seats in the December 2005 general election. ... January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ...


"This act has hurt me and makes me sad because the journalist was trying to meet me when she was kidnapped. After she left my office because she was unable to meet me, she was kidnapped 300 meters from my office."


"We are against violence by any group, and we call the government and U.S. forces to stop raiding houses, arresting women. I call upon the kidnappers to immediately release this reporter who came here to cover Iraq's news and defending our rights."


Iraqi prisoners released

On January 27, 2006, five female Iraqi prisoners were released from U.S. custody. The U.S. military stated that the prisoner release was already planned and had nothing to do with Carroll's kidnapper's initial demand to kill her within 72 hours unless all female detainees in Iraqi prisons were released. January 27 is the 27th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Second video

On January 30, 2006, a second video appeared on Al Jazeera showing Carroll wearing a headscarf and crying. The footage was timestamped with a date of January 28, 2006 and also featured the logo of the "Brigades of Vengeance" a militant group. Although the initial airing of the video did not include audio, Carroll is said to repeat earlier pleas to release all female hostages under American custody. January 30 is the 30th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Al Jazeera logo Al Jazeera (الجزيرة), meaning The Island or The (Arabian) Peninsula (whence also Algiers) is an Arabic television channel based in Qatar. ... Note: The word Hijab is often used in news reports and common use, by both Muslims and non-Muslims, to refer to a form of headscarf. ... January 28 is the 28th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ...


Third video

On February 9, 2006, a third video appeared on private Kuwaiti TV channel Alrai TV. The 22-second video showed Carroll sitting in a chair behind a large floral pattern, in full Islamic dress. She is pleading for supporters to do whatever it takes to release her. Unlike the previous two videos, both audio and video is included. Carroll mentions that the date of the tape is February 2, 2006. February 9 is the 40th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... February 2 is the 33rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ...


In the tape, she mentions letters that she has written as evidence for the authenticity of the tape. A letter accompanied the tape that was written by Carroll, but no previous letters have been found. The contents of the letter have not been disclosed.


The following is a transcript from the video:

"Today is Thursday, February 6-[corrects herself]-February 2, 2006. I'm with the mujahideen. I sent you a letter written by my hand that you wanted more evidence so we're sending you this new letter now just to prove that I am with the mujahideen.
I'm here, I'm fine. Please, just do whatever they want, give them whatever they want as quickly as possible. There is very short time; please do it fast. That's all."

February 26 deadline

A Kuwaiti television station reported February 10, 2006 that the kidnappers had communicated to them a deadline set for February 26 for their demands to be met, or Carroll would be killed ([4]). February 10 is the 41st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... February 26 is the 57th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Earlier, people close to the kidnappers told Al Rai TV that Carroll is "in a safe house owned by one of the kidnappers in downtown Baghdad with a group of women."


On February 14, 2006 Iraqi TV began airing a ([5]) Public Service Announcement appealing for her release. February 14 is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ...


February 26 passes

Iraqi Interior Minister Bayan Jabr al Zubaidi believed Jill Carroll to still be alive, even as the deadline for her execution has passed, according to ABC News. ABC News is a division of ABC television and radio networks (ABC), owned by The Walt Disney Company. ...


Release

On March 30, 2006, Carroll entered the Sunni Iraqi Islamic Party offices in western Baghdad around midday and handed office personnel a letter, thought to be from her kidnappers, asking for help, a party official later said. At that time, Carroll said she had just been freed unharmed and was treated humanely during her captivity. March 30 is the 89th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (90th in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Sunni Muslims are the largest denomination of Islam. ... Iraqi Islamic Party (Hizb al-Islami al-Airaqi), a Sunni political party in Iraq. ...


Post-Release Video

Within days of Carroll's release, a video of Carroll criticizing the occupation of Iraq and praising the insurgents as "good people fighting an honorable fight" appeared on an Islamist website. While counterterrorism expert Laura Mansfield, who had neither met nor interviewed Carroll, posited on CNN that Carroll's actions "may indicate she was experiencing a touch of Stockholm syndrome" ([6]) The Christian Science Monitor, Carroll's paper, reported: Laura Mansfield is an American counter-terrorist expert analyst and author specializing in Middle East, Islam, and Radical Islamic Terrorism. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Christian Science Monitor (CSM) is an international newspaper published daily, Monday through Friday. ...

"The night before journalist Jill Carroll's release, her captors said they had one final demand as the price of her freedom: She would have to make a video praising her captors and attacking the United States, according to Jim Carroll.
In a long phone conversation with his daughter on Friday, Mr. Carroll says that Jill was 'under her captor's control.'
Ms. Carroll had been their captive for three months and even the smallest details of her life - what she ate and when, what she wore, when she could speak - were at her captors' whim. They had murdered her friend and colleague Alan Enwiya, "she had been taught to fear them," he says. And before making one last video the day before her release, she was told that they had already killed another American hostage.
That video appeared Thursday on a jihadist website that carries videos of beheadings and attacks on American forces. In it, Carroll told her father she felt compelled to make statements strongly critical of President Bush and his policy in Iraq.
Her remarks are now making the rounds of the Internet, attracting heavy criticism from conservative bloggers and commentators." [7]

Carroll's post-release statement

On April 1, 2006, Carroll released a statement through the Christian Science Monitor's website. In the statement, Carroll states that she participated in the video critical of the United States and praiseworthy of her abductors only because she feared for her life and because her captors said they would let her go if she participated to their satisfaction.[8] Carroll calls her captors "criminals, at best" and says she remains "deeply angry" with them.


Return home

On April 2, Carroll returned to Boston, where she was greeted at the airport by Monitor Editor Bergenheim and whisked off to a joyful and tearful reunion with her family (Photo gallery). On the flight, she said "I finally feel like I am alive again. I feel so good. To be able to step outside anytime, to feel the sun directly on your face - to see the whole sky. These are luxuries that we just don't appreciate every day" ([9]).


In August, the newspaper announced that she would tell her story of living with the captives in an 11-part series starting on August 13. The series tells about life among the mujahideen ([10]). Mujahideen (Arabic: , ; Turkish: , literally strugglers) is a term for Muslims fighting in a war or involved in any other struggle. ...


International release efforts

Support for Jill Carroll's safe release was international. Efforts included a Baghdad newspaper whose front page read, "She loves Iraq. Now she needs your help."


On February 5, 2006 in Rome a giant poster of Carroll, urging her release, was hung on the city hall building. The poster was removed after her release. In previous months, similar efforts were shown by hanging photographs of other kidnapped individuals from the same spot. February 5 is the 36th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Nickname: Motto: SPQR: Senatus Populusque Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC Government  - Mayor Walter Veltroni Area  - City 1,285 km²  (580 sq mi)  - Urban 5...


In Paris, on February 7, 2006, 30 white balloons were released to mark the 30 days of Carroll's captivity (in actuality 32 days at that point). French actress Juliette Binoche appeared to show her support. Both the Rome and Paris efforts were coordinated by Reporters Without Borders. February 7 is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Juliette Binoche (born March 9, 1964) is a French Academy Award-winning actress. ... Reporters Without Borders, or RWB (French: Reporters sans frontières, Spanish: Reporteros Sin Fronteras, or RSF) is a French origin international non-governmental organization that advocates freedom of the press, founded by its current general-secretary, Robert Menard. ...


On February 27, 2006, 25 organizations belonging to the International Freedom of Expression Exchange called for Carroll's immediate release ([11]). February 27 is the 58th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... International Freedom of Expression eXchange. ...


On February 29, 2006, Carroll's twin sister Katie Carroll read a statement on Al Arabiya television asking for her sister to be released ([12],[13]). February 29th, or bissextile day, is the 60th day of a leap year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 306 days remaining. ... Al-Arabiya is an Arabic-language satellite news channel based in Dubai, United Arab Emirates which began broadcasting in February 2003, launched with an investment of $300 million from the Saudi-owned MBC, the Lebanese Hariri Group, and others. ...


The Council on American Islamic Relations (CAIR) called for Carroll's release in the name of Islam and its message of mercy. The Council on American-Islamic Relations (CAIR) is a major Muslim organization in North America. ...


References

For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... January 17 is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... MSNBC, a combination of MSN and NBC, is a 24-hour cable news channel in the United States and Canada, and a news website. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... January 17 is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... January 17 is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... January 10 is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... January 17 is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... January 27 is the 27th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... January 26 is the 26th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... January 19 is the 19th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... February 24 is the 55th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... February 27 is the 58th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • Carroll, Jill. "Public Support for Hostage Jill Carroll on the Rise" WNN - Women News Network, Feb. 11, 2006
  • Carroll, Jill. "Politics, Mesopotamian Style", U.S. News & World Report. 2006-01-09 edition. Retrieved 2006-01-23.
  • Carroll, Jill. "Violence threatens Iraqi coalition", Christian Science Monitor. 2006-01-06 edition. Retrieved 2006-01-23.
  • Carroll, Jill and Murphy, Dan. "America's waning clout in Iraq", Christian Science Monitor. 2006-01-05 edition. Retrieved 2006-01-23.
  • Carroll, Jill. "Shiites, Kurds forge ahead", Christian Science Monitor. 2005-12-30 edition. Retrieved 2006-01-23.
  • Carroll, Jill. Notebook: Iraq blog, Christian Science Monitor. (occasionally filed by Jill Carroll). Retrieved 2006-02-16.
  • Official Website of the Christian Science Monitor

For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... January 9 is the 9th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... January 23 is the 23rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... January 6 is the 6th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 359 days (360 in leap years) remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... January 23 is the 23rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... January 5 is the 5th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... January 23 is the 23rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... December 30 is the 364th day of the year (365th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 1 day remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... January 23 is the 23rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... February 16 is the 47th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Blogs

  • Mental Mayhem A blog by a friend of Jill's with regular updates. This link directs to the Jill Carroll category.
  • Jill Carroll, The Poem Written by Troy Dunn during her detainment.

 
 

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