FACTOID # 28: Austin, Texas has more people than Alaska.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
 
WHAT'S NEW
RELATED ARTICLES
People who viewed "Jharkhand" also viewed:
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Jharkhand
  ?Jharkhand
India
Coordinates: 23°25′N 85°20′E / 23.42, 85.33
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area 79,700 km² (30,772 sq mi)
Capital Ranchi
Largest city Jamshedpur
District(s) 22
Population
Density
26,909,428 (13th)
• 338 /km² (875 /sq mi)
Language(s) Hindi
Governor Syed Sibtey Razi
Chief Minister Madhu Koda
Established 2000-11-15
Legislature (seats) Unicameral (81)
ISO abbreviation IN-JH
Website: www.jharkhand.gov.in
Seal of Jharkhand

Coordinates: 23°25′N 85°20′E / 23.42, 85.33 Image File history File links India_Jharkhand_locator_map. ... Image File history File links Locator_Dot. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Location of Mirzapur and the 82. ... The geography of India is diverse, with landscape ranging from snow-capped mountain ranges to deserts, plains, rainforests, hills, and plateaus. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here areas between 10,000 km² and 100,000 km². ... Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh National Capital Territory of Delhi Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu and Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Orissa Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttarakhand Uttar Pradesh West Bengal Andaman and Nicobar Islands Chandigarh Dadra and Nagar... For the ship, see SS Ranchi. ... , Jamshedpur   (जमशेदपुर in Devanagari) is a city located in the state of Jharkand in India, founded by the late Jamshedji Nusserwanji Tata. ... The divisions of a district. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh National Capital Territory of Delhi Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu and Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Orissa Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttarakhand Uttar Pradesh West Bengal Andaman and Nicobar Islands Chandigarh Dadra and Nagar... The Constitution of India envisages Hindi as the primary official language advocated by the Union government, with English as the subsidiary official language. ... -1... Governors of Jharkhand See Also Jharkhand Governors of India Links [[Category:]] Categories: India-related stubs | Indian politicians | Office-holders | Government of India ... Syed Sibtey Razi (March 7, 1939 - ) is an Indian politician belonging to the Indian National Congress who is the current governor of Jharkhand. ... Chief Ministers of Jharkhand See Also Jharkhand Chief Ministers of India Links Categories: India-related stubs | Jharkhand | Indian politicians | Office-holders | Government of India ... Media:Example. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... is the 319th day of the year (320th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Judiciary Supreme Court of India Chief Justice of India High Courts District Courts Elections Political Parties Local & State Govt. ... Unicameralism is the practice of having only one legislative or parliamentary chamber. ... ISO 3166-2 is the second part of the ISO 3166 standard. ... ISO 3166-2 for India (ISO 3166-1 : IN) The purpose of this family of standards is to establish a worldwide series of short abbreviations for places, for use on package labels, containers and such. ... Image File history File links Seal of the government of Jharkhand. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


Jharkhand pronunciation  (Hindi: झारखंड, Bengali: ঝাড়খণ্ড,IPA[dʒʰaːɽkʰəɳɖ]) is a state in eastern India. It was carved out of the southern part of Bihar state on 15 November 2000. Jharkhand shares its border with the states of Bihar to the north, Uttar Pradesh and Chhattisgarh to the west, Orissa to the south, and West Bengal to the east. Image File history File links Jharkhand. ... -1... Bangla redirects here. ... India is a federal republic comprising twenty-eight states and seven union territories. ... For other uses, see Bihar (disambiguation). ... is the 319th day of the year (320th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... For other uses, see Bihar (disambiguation). ... , Uttar Pradesh (Hindi: , Urdu: , IPA:  , translation: Northern Province), [often referred to as U.P.], located in central-south Asia and northern India, is the most populous and fifth largest state in the Republic of India. ... , Chhattisgarh (Chhattisgarhi/Hindi: छत्तीसगढ़, IPA: )  , a state in central India, formed when the sixteen Chhattisgarhi-speaking southeastern districts of Madhya Pradesh gained statehood on November 1, 2000. ... , Orissa   (Oriya: ଓଡ଼ିଶା), is a state situated on the east coast of India. ... , West Bengal (Bengali: পশ্চিমবঙ্গ Poshchim Bônggo IPA: ) is a state in eastern India. ...


The industrial city of Ranchi is its capital. Some of the other major cities and industrial centers are Jamshedpur, Bokaro, Sindri, Gumla, Deoghar, Hazaribagh, Ramgarh Cantt, Dhanbad and Chaibasa. For the ship, see SS Ranchi. ... Not to be confused with capitol. ... , Jamshedpur   (जमशेदपुर in Devanagari) is a city located in the state of Jharkand in India, founded by the late Jamshedji Nusserwanji Tata. ... , Bokaro Steel City (In Hindi: बोकारो स्टील सिटि)  ,Asias largest labour colony is the home of one of the largest steel plant in India, and several other medium and small industries. ... For other uses, see Sindri. ... Gumla district is one of the districts of Jharkhand state, India. ... , Deoghar is headquarter of Deoghar District in the state of Jharkhand, India. ... , Hazaribagh (Hindi: हजारीबाग) is a city and a municipality in Hazaribagh district in the Indian state of Jharkhand. ... See Ramgarh for disambiguation. ... Dhanbad (Hindi: धनबाद) is the capital of Dhanbad District, Jharkhand, India. ... Chaibasa is the headquarters of West Singhbhum district in the state of Jharkhand in India. ...


The name Jharkhand comes from the Sanskrit Jharikhanda which is the ancient name of the regions dense forest - Jharikhanda.


Jharkhand is famed for its mineral wealth and forestry products.


Jharkhand is now advancing economically much faster than its northern neighbor, Bihar. Jharkhand's poverty rate declined 2% per year from 1994-2002. Unlike some other Indian states, Jharkhand's reduction in poverty was faster in the rural areas than in the urban ones. Its percentage of immunized children grew from 9% in 1998-99 to nearly 50% now, according to UNICEF. Jharkhand has made primary education so accessible that 95% of children ages 6-11 are enrolled in school as opposed to 56% in 1993-94.

Contents

History

The demand for a separate Jharkhand state can be traced back to the early 1900s, when Jaipal Singh, an Indian Hockey captain and Olympian, suggested the idea of a separate state consisting of the southern districts of Bihar. The idea did not become a reality, however, until August 2, 2000, when the Parliament of India passed the Bihar Reorganisation Bill to create the state of Jharkhand, carving 18 districts out of Bihar to form Jharkhand state on 15 November 2000. It became the 28th state of India. Jaipal Singh Munda (born January 3, 1903 - died March 20, 1970) was a Munda tribal man, who captained the Indian field hockey team to clinch gold in the 1928 Summer Olympics in Amsterdam. ... Hockey is any of a family of sports in which two teams compete by trying to maneuver a ball, or a hard, round disc called a puck, into the opponents net or goal, using a hockey stick. ... The five Olympic rings were designed in 1913, adopted in 1914 and debuted at the Games at Antwerp, 1920. ... is the 214th day of the year (215th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... This article is about the legislative institution. ... is the 319th day of the year (320th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ...


However, according to some historians, there was already a distinct geo-political, cultural entity called Jharkhand even before the period of Magadha Empire.In the ancient days the northern portion of Jharkhand state was a tributary to Magadha(ancient Bihar) Empire and souther part was a tributary to Kalinga(ancient Orissa) Empire. According to a legend, Raja Jai Singh Deo of Orissa was accepted as the ruler of Jharkhand by its people in the 13th century. The Singh Deo's of Orissa have been very instrumental in the early history of Jharkhand. The local tribal heads had developed into barbaric dictators who could govern the province neither fairly nor justly. Consequently, the people of this state approached the more powerful rulers of Jharkhand's neighbouring states who were perceived to have a more fair and just governance. This became the turning point in the history of the region wherein rulers from Orissa moved in with their armies and created states that were governed for the benefit of the people and involved their participation, thus ending the barbarism that had marked the region for centuries. The good tribal rulers continued to thrive and were known as the Munda Rajas, and exist to this day. (These are regions which are still semi- autonomous, the degree of autonomy depending on the size of each specific Munda Raja's domain.) Later, during the Mughal period, the Jharkhand area was known as Kukara. After the year 1765, it came under the control of the British Empire and became formally known under its present title, "Jharkhand" - the Land of "Jungles" (forests) and "Jharis" (bushes). Located on Chhota Nagpur Plateau and Santhal Parganas, has evergreen forests, rolling hills and rocky plateaus with many places of keen beauty like Lodh Falls. The approximate extent of the Magadha state in the 5th century BC The Magadha state circa 600 BC, before it expanded Magadha (मगध) formed one of the sixteen Mahājanapadas (Sanskrit, great countries) or regions in ancient India. ... The approximate extent of the Magadha state in the 5th century BC The Magadha state circa 600 BC, before it expanded Magadha (मगध) formed one of the sixteen Mahājanapadas (Sanskrit, great countries) or regions in ancient India. ... For other uses, see Bihar (disambiguation). ... Kalinga is a landlocked province of the Philippines in the Cordillera Administrative Region in Luzon. ... , Orissa   (Oriya: ଓଡ଼ିଶା), is a state situated on the east coast of India. ... , Orissa   (Oriya: ଓଡ଼ିଶା), is a state situated on the east coast of India. ... , Orissa   (Oriya: ଓଡ଼ିଶା), is a state situated on the east coast of India. ... , Orissa   (Oriya: ଓଡ଼ିଶା), is a state situated on the east coast of India. ... The Mughal Empire (alternative spelling Mogul, which is the origin of the word Mogul) of India was founded by Babur in 1526, when he defeated Ibrahim Lodi, the last of the Delhi Sultans at the First Battle of Panipat. ... For a comprehensive list of the territories that formed the British Empire, see Evolution of the British Empire. ... The Chota Nagpur Plateau (also Chhota Nagpur) is a plateau in eastern India, which covers much of Jharkhand state as well as adjacent parts of Orissa, Bihar, and Chhattisgarh. ... Santhal Parganas constitute one of the administrative Divisions of Jharkhand state, India. ... Lodh Falls (also know as Buddha Ghagh Falls is located on the Budha River, 40 km from Ranchi (called the city of waterfalls) and 60 km from Netarhat, is deep in the forest of the Chota Nagpur Plateau in Jharkhand, a state in east India. ...


The subjugation and colonization of Jharkhand region by the British East India Company resulted in spontaneous resistance from the local people. Almost one hundred years before India’s First War of Independence (1857), adivasis of Jharkhand were already beginning what would become a series of repeated revolts against the British colonial rule: The British East India Company, sometimes referred to as John Company, was the first joint-stock company (the Dutch East India Company was the first to issue public stock). ... Belligerents Rebellious East India Company Sepoys, 7 Indian princely states, deposed rulers of the independent states of Oudh, Jhansi Some Indian civilians. ... Ādivāsīs (आदिवासी) or tribal peoples comprise a substantial minority of the population of India. ... Anthem God Save The Queen/King British India, circa 1860 Capital Calcutta (1858-1912), New Delhi (1912-1947) Language(s) Hindi, Urdu, English and many others Government Monarchy Emperor of India  - 1877-1901 Victoria  - 1901-1910 Edward VII  - 1910-1936 George V  - January-December 1936 Edward VIII  - 1936-1947 George...

  • 1772-1780 Paharia revolt
  • 1780-1785 Tilka Manjhi led the tribal revolt and managed to injure the British army Chief. In 1785, Tilka Manjhi was hanged to death in Bhagalpur
  • 1795-1800 Tamar revolt
  • 1795-1800 Munda revolt under the leadership of Vishnu Manaki
  • 1800-1802 Munda revolt under the stewardship of Dukhan Manaki of Tamar
  • 1819-1820 Munda revolt in Palamu under the leadership of Bhukan Singh
  • 1832-1833 Khewar revolt under the leadership of Bhagirath, Dubai Gosai and Patel Singh
  • 1833-1834 Bhumji revolt under the leadership of Ganga Narain of Birbhum
  • 1855 Santhals waged war against the permanent settlement of Lord Cornwallis
  • 1855-1860 During late 1850s Sidhu had accumulated about ten thousands Santhal to run parallel government against British rule. The basic purpose was to collect taxes by making his own laws. British Government had announced an award of Rs. 10,000 to arrest Sidhu and his brother Kanhu
  • 1856-1857 Martyr Sahid Lal, Vishwanath Shahdeo, Sheikh Bhikhari, Ganpatrai and Budhu Veer led a movement against the British Government during India’s First War of Independence, 1857, also called Sepoy Mutiny
  • 1874 Kherwar Movement shot into fame under the leadership of Bhagirathi Manjhi
  • 1895-1900 Movement against the British raj led by Birsa Munda (born 15 November 1875). Birsa Munda was captured by British forces and declared dead on 9 June 1900 in Ranchi Jail, due to Cholera, according to records of the British colonial government.

All of these uprisings were quelled by the British through massive deployment of troops across the region. , Bhagalpur is a city and municipal corporation in Bihar state in eastern India. ... The Munda are a tribal (Adivasi) people of the Jharkhand region, which is spread over on five states of India (Jharkhand, Bihar, West Bengal, Chhatisgarh and Orissa), and in parts of Bangladesh. ... Palamau is a district of Jharkhand state, India. ... Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis (December 31, 1738-October 5, 1805) was a British general and colonial governor. ... Belligerents Rebellious East India Company Sepoys, 7 Indian princely states, deposed rulers of the independent states of Oudh, Jhansi Some Indian civilians. ... Belligerents Rebellious East India Company Sepoys, 7 Indian princely states, deposed rulers of the independent states of Oudh, Jhansi Some Indian civilians. ... Anthem God Save The King-Emperor The British Indian Empire, 1909 Capital Calcutta (1858 - 1912) New Delhi (1912 - 1947) Language(s) Hindustani, English and many others Government Monarchy Emperor of India  - 1858-1901 Victoria¹  - 1901-1910 Edward VII  - 1910-1936 George V  - 1936 Edward VIII  - 1936-1947 George VI Viceroy... Birsa Munda (1875 – June 9, 1900) was a Munda leader in the late 19th century political independence movement during the British Raj in India. ... is the 319th day of the year (320th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1875 (MDCCCLXXV) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... is the 160th day of the year (161st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Äž: For the film, see: 1900 (film). ... Distribution of cholera Cholera, sometimes known as Asiatic cholera or epidemic cholera, is an infectious gastroenteritis caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. ...


In 1914 the Tana Bhagat resistance movement started, which gained the participation of more than 26,000 adivasis, and eventually merged with Mahatma Gandhi's Satyagraha and Civil Disobedience movement. Ādivāsīs (आदिवासी) or tribal peoples comprise a substantial minority of the population of India. ... “Gandhi” redirects here. ... Mohandas Karamchand “Mahatma” Gandhi, who developed Satyagraha Satyagraha (Sanskrit: सत्याग्रह satyāgraha) is a philosophy and practice of nonviolent resistance developed by Mohandas K. Gandhi. ... For other uses, see Civil disobedience (disambiguation). ...


Geography and climate

Most of the state lies on the Chota Nagpur Plateau, which is the source of the Koel, Damodar, Brahmani, Kharkai, and Subarnarekha rivers, whose upper watersheds lie within Jharkhand. Much of the state is still covered by forest. Forest preserves support populations of tigers and Asian Elephants. The Chota Nagpur Plateau (also Chhota Nagpur) is a plateau in eastern India, which covers much of Jharkhand state as well as adjacent parts of Orissa, Bihar, and Chhattisgarh. ... Damodar River rises from the Chota Nagpur plateau of the Jharkhand state of India. ... The Brahmani River is a river in eastern India. ... The Subarnarekha river is a major river rising from the Chota Nagpur plateau of Jharkhand State, India. ... For other uses, see Tiger (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Linnaeus, 1758 Asian Elephant range The Asian or Asiatic Elephant (Elephas maximus), sometimes known by the name of one of its subspecies – the Indian Elephant, is one of the three living species of elephant, and the only living species of the genus Elephas. ...


Soil content of Jharkhand state mainly consist of soil formed from disintegration of rocks and stones, and soil composition is further divided into: Soil classification deals with the systematic categorization of soils based on distinguishing characteristics as well as criteria that dictate choices in use. ...

  1. Red soil, found mostly in the Damodar valley, and Rajmahal area
  2. Micacious soil (containing particles of mica), found in Koderma, Jhumeritilaiya, Barkagaon, and areas around the Mandar hill
  3. Sandy soil, generally found in Hazaribagh and Dhanbad
  4. Black soil, found in Rajmahal area
  5. Laterite soil, found in western part of Ranchi, Palamu, and parts of Santhal Parganas and Singhbhum

Damodar River rises from the Chota Nagpur plateau of the Jharkhand state of India. ... Rajmahal is a city and a notified area in Sahebganj district in the Indian state of Jharkhand. ... Chernozem, or Black Earth (from Russian: ), is a kind of soil. ... Santhal Parganas constitute one of the administrative Divisions of Jharkhand state, India. ... Singhbum, since bifurcated into East Singhbhum, West Singhbhum and Saraikela Kharsawan districts, was one of the districts of Bihar state, India. ...

Flora and fauna

Jharkhand has a rich variety of flora and fauna. The National Parks and the Zoological Gardens located in the state of Jharkhand present a panorama of this variety. In Botany a Flora (or Floræ) is a collective term for plant life and can also refer to a descriptive catalogue of the plants of any geographical area, geological period, etc. ... Fauna is a collective term for animal life. ...


Betla National Park (Palamu), 25 km from Daltonganj covers an area of about 250 square kilometres. The national park has a large variety of wild life like tigers, elephants, bisons locally called gaurs, sambhars, hundreds of wild boar and 15 to 20 feet (6.1 m) long python, herds of spotted deer (cheetals), rabbits and foxes. The mammalian fauna to be seen at Betla National Park also include langurs, rhesus, blue bull and wild boars. The lesser mammals are the porcupine, hare, wild cats, honey badgers, jackals, Malabar giant squirrel, mongoose, wolf, antelope, etc. In 1974, the park was declared Project Tiger Reserve. , Daltonganj[ now renamed as Medininagar] is the headquarters of Palamu commissionery in the state of Jharkhand in India. ... Binomial name Panthera tigris (Linnaeus, 1758) Tigers (Panthera tigris) are mammals of the Felidae family, one of four big cats that belong to the Panthera genus. ... For other uses, see Elephant (disambiguation). ... Species †B. antiquus B. bison B. bonasus †B. latifrons †B. occidentalis †B. priscus Bison in winter. ... Binomial name Cervus unicolor (Kerr, 1792) Sambar Sambar in forest Sambar (also sambur, sambhur), is the common name for several large dark brown and maned Asian deer, particularly for the Indian species, which attains a height of 102 to 160 cm (40 to 63 in) at the shoulder and may... Binomial name Sus scrofa Linnaeus, 1758 The Wild Boar (Sus scrofa) is the wild ancestor of the domesticated pig. ... Synonyms Pythonoidea - Fitzinger, 1826 Pythonoidei - Eichwald, 1831 Holodonta - Müller, 1832 Pythonina - Bonaparte, 1840 Pythophes - Fitzinger, 1843 Pythoniens - A.M.C. Duméril & Bibron, 1844 Holodontes - A.M.C. Duméril & Bibron, 1844 Pythonides - A.M.C. Duméril & Bibron, 1844 Pythones - Cope, 1861 Pythonidae - Cope, 1864 Peropodes - Meyer, 1874... This article is about the ruminant animal. ... For other uses, see Rabbit (disambiguation). ... This article is about the animal. ... Subfamilies Cercopithecinae - 11 genera Colobinae - 9 genera The Old World monkeys or Cercopithecidae are a group of primates, falling in the superfamily Cercopithecoidea in the clade Catarrhini. ... Binomial name Macaca mulatta (Zimmermann, 1780) The Rhesus Macaque (Macaca mulatta), often called the Rhesus Monkey, is one of the best known species of Old World monkeys. ... Blue bull, biological name Boselephus Tragocamelus, is found from the base of Himalayas down to the state of Karnataka, Assam and West Bengal, and some parts of Bihar. ... Binomial name Sus scrofa Linnaeus, 1758 The Wild Boar (Sus scrofa) is the wild ancestor of the domesticated pig. ... This article is about the rodent mammal. ... For other uses, see Hare (disambiguation). ... For other meanings of Wild Cat and wildcat, see wildcat. ... Binomial name Mellivora capensis (Schreber, 1776) The Ratel (Mellivora capensis), also known as the Honey Badger, is a member of the Mustelidae family. ... Species Canis aureus Canis adustus Canis mesomelas A jackal (from Turkish çakal, via Persian shaghal ultimately from Sanskrit sá¹›gālaḥ [1][2]) is any of three (sometimes four) small to medium-sized members of the family Canidae, found in Africa, Asia and Southeastern Europe. ... [Land of uncivilised] Bekal Fort Beach, Kerala Malabar (Malayalam: മലബാര്‍ ) is a region of southern India, lying between the Western Ghats and the Arabian Sea, and derived from the Malayalam word Mala mean Hill and Persian word Bar means Kingdom, and is same as the word meaning of Malayalam. ... This article is about the animal. ... For other uses, see Mongoose (disambiguation). ... Trinomial name Canis lupus pallipes (Reginald Innes Pocock, 1941) Present distribution of Indian wolf in light blue The Indian Wolf (Canis lupus pallipes), also known as the Indian Gray Wolf or the Peninsular Gray Wolf, is the small subspecies of the Grey Wolf. ... This article is about the herbivorous mammals. ... Project Tiger is a wildlife conservation project initiated in India in 1972 to protect the Bengal Tigers. ...


Part of the reason for the variety and diversity of flora and fauna found in Jharkhand state may be accredited to the Project Tiger Reserve of Palamu, which is abode to hundreds of species of flora and fauna [1], as indicated within brackets: mammal (39), Snakes (8), Lizards (4), Fish (6), Insects (21), Birds (170), seed bearing Plants and Tress (97) , Shrubs and Herbs (46), Climbers, Parasites and semi-Parasites (25), and Grasses and Bamboo (17). Project Tiger is a wildlife conservation project initiated in India in 1972 to protect the Bengal Tigers. ... Palamau is a district of Jharkhand state, India. ...


The Hazaribagh Wildlife Sanctuary, with scenic beauties, 135 km from Ranchi, is set in an ecosystem very similar to Betla National Park of Palamu.


One Zoological Garden is also located about 16 km from Ranchi, and a number of mammalian fauna have been collected there for visitors. A zoo. ...


Demographics

Jharkhand has a population of 26.90 million, consisting of 13.86 million males and 13.04 million females. The sex ratio is 941 females to 1000 males. The population consists of 28% tribals, 12% Scheduled Castes and 60% others. There are 274 persons for each square kilometer of land. However, the population density varies considerably from as low as 148 per square kilometer in Gumla district to as high as 1167 per square kilometer in Dhanbad district. Around 10% of the population is Bengali speaking and 70% speak various dialect of Hindi. [2] In India, Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes are communities that are accorded special status by the Constitution of India. ...


Jharkhand has remained a home to a number of tribal communities since time immemorial. In fact, in some of the districts of Jharkhand, the tribal population predominates over the non-tribal one. Jharkhand has 32 tribal groups. These are the Asur, Baiga, Banjara, Bathudi, Bedia, Binjhia, Birhor, Birjia, Chero, Chick-Baraik, Gond, Gorait, Ho, Karmali, Kharwar, Khond, Kisan, Kora, Korwa, Lohra, Mahli, Mal-Paharia, Munda, Oraon, Parhaiya, Santal, Sauria-Paharia, Savar, Bhumij, Kol and Kanwar. Baiga is a tribe found in Madhya Pradesh, India. ... Banjaras are tribes in the Telangana region of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh, known locally as Lambada. Category: ... Bedia is a town located in the province of Bizkaia, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, in the North of Spain. ... Gondi refers to a people and their language in Central India. ... Khonds, or Kandhs, an aboriginal tribe of India, inhabiting the tributary states of Orissa and the Ganjam district of Andhra Pradesh. ... Kisan Tribe in Orissa are found in Sundergarh, Mayurbhanj, Sambalpur and Keonjhar. ... // Geography Lohra is a community in Marburg-Biedenkopf district in the administrative region of Gießen in Hesse, Germany. ... Mahli is the name of a tribe, mostly residing in Santhal Parganas, and certain other regions of Jharkhand, India. ... The Munda are a tribal (Adivasi) people of the Jharkhand region, which is spread over on five states of India (Jharkhand, Bihar, West Bengal, Chhatisgarh and Orissa), and in parts of Bangladesh. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Santals are a tribal people of India, residing mainly in states of Jharkhand, Bihar and West Bengal. ... The Kol people, a generic name for the Munda, Ho and Oraon tribes (Adivasi) of eastern India. ...


The geographical area now comprising Jharkhand was previously part of Bihar. The area has witnessed migration of people from the adjoining areas of Bihar and West Bengal for last several decades. Industrial and mining centres like Jamshedpur, Dhanbad and Ranchi have attracted people from all parts of India. Jharkhand's poverty rate, while still high by Indian standards, has declined by 2% per year between the period of 1994-2002.


Hinduism is the majority religion in the state, with 68.5% of the population practicing the faith. Islam is followed by 13.8% of the population, followed by Animisitic Sarna religion which comprises 13% of the population. Christianity with 4.1% of the population makes the fourth largest religious community in Jharkahnd. Jainism, Buddhism and Sikhism are all practised making few less than 1%. [3] Hinduism is a religious tradition[1] that originated in the Indian subcontinent. ... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... Sarna may refer to father or son: Nahum Sarna, Bible Scholar Jonathan Sarna, Historian Category: ... Topics in Christianity Preaching Prayer Ecumenism Relation to other religions Movements Music Liturgy Calendar Symbols Art Criticism Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is a monotheistic[1] religion centered on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as presented in the New Testament. ... Jain and Jaina redirect here. ... Buddhism is a Dharmic religion and philosophy[1] with between 230 to 500 million adherents worldwide. ... Sikhism (IPA: or ; Punjabi: , , IPA: ), founded on the teachings of Guru Nanak Dev and nine successive gurus in fifteenth century Northern India, is the fifth-largest religion in the world. ...

See also: Tribes of Jharkhand

We dont have an article called Tribes of Jharkhand Start this article Search for Tribes of Jharkhand in. ...

Economy

Jharkhand's gross state domestic product for 2004 is estimated at $14 billion at current prices. Born out of partition from old Bihar state in 2000, Jharkhand produces about 70% of the output of the old Bihar state. Since it is rich in minerals, the state per capita income is likely to increase in the coming years.


Jharkhand has a concentration of some of the country’s highly industrialized cities such as Jamshedpur, Ranchi, Bokaro and Dhanbad. It also has several firsts in India, including: , Jamshedpur   (जमशेदपुर in Devanagari) is a city located in the state of Jharkand in India, founded by the late Jamshedji Nusserwanji Tata. ... For the ship, see SS Ranchi. ... Bokaro is one of the districts of Jharkhand state, India. ... Dhanbad (Hindi: धनबाद) is the capital of Dhanbad District, Jharkhand, India. ...

  • Largest fertilizer factory of its time in India (since shut down) at Sindri
  • First Iron & steel factory at Jamshedpur
  • Largest Steel plant in Asia, Bokaro steel plant.
  • Biggest explosives factory at Gomia
  • First methane gas well
    ,It has several towns and innumerable villages with civic amenities. Urbanization ratio is 42.25% and the per capita annual income is US$ 1,490.

Jharkhand also has immense mineral resources: minerals ranging from (ranking in the country within bracket) from iron ore (1st), coal (3rd), copper ore (1st), mica (1st), bauxite (3rd), Manganese, limestone, china clay, fire clay, graphite (8th), kainite (1st), chromite (2nd), asbestos (1st), thorium (3rd), sillimanite, uranium (Jaduguda mines, Narwa Pahar) (1st) and even gold (Rakha mines) (6th) and silver and several other minerals. Large deposits of coal and iron ore support concentration of industry, in centers like Jamshedpur, Bokaro and Ranchi. Tata Steel, a S&P CNX 500 conglomerate has its corporate office in Jharkhand. It reported a gross income of Rs.204,910 million for 2005.[citation needed] Spreading manure, an organic fertilizer Fertilizers (also spelled fertilisers) are compounds given to plants to promote growth; they are usually applied either through the soil, for uptake by plant roots, or by foliar feeding, for uptake through leaves. ... For other uses, see Sindri (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Steel (disambiguation). ... This article is concerned solely with chemical explosives. ... The simplest hydrocarbon, methane, is a gas with a chemical formula of CH4. ... For other uses, see Mineral (disambiguation). ... Fe redirects here. ... For other uses, see Ore (disambiguation). ... Coal Example chemical structure of coal Coal is a fossil fuel formed in ecosystems where plant remains were saved by water and mud from oxidization and biodegradation. ... For other uses, see Copper (disambiguation). ... Rock with mica Mica sheet Mica flakes The mica group of sheet silicate minerals includes several closely related materials having highly perfect basal cleavage. ... This article is about the ore. ... General Name, symbol, number manganese, Mn, 25 Chemical series transition metals Group, period, block 7, 4, d Appearance silvery metallic Standard atomic weight 54. ... For other uses, see Limestone (disambiguation). ... Kaolin Kaolinite (Aluminium Silicate Hydroxide) Kaolinite is a mineral with the chemical composition Al2Si2O5(OH)4. ... Fire clay is a specific kind of clay used in the manufacture of ceramics. ... For other uses, see Graphite (disambiguation). ... Kainite (MgSO4·KCl·3H2O) is a mineral salt that consists of potassium chloride and magnesium sulfate and is used as a fertilizer. ... Chromite, iron magnesium chromium oxide: (Fe,Mg)Cr2O4, is an oxide mineral belonging to the spinel group. ... For other uses, see Asbestos (disambiguation). ... General Name, Symbol, Number thorium, Th, 90 Chemical series Actinides Group, Period, Block n/a, 7, f Appearance silvery white Standard atomic weight 232. ... Sillimanite: Biotite gneiss (Mesozoic and Paleozoic) Sillimanite is an alumino-sillicate mineral with the chemical formula Al2SiO5. ... This article is about the chemical element. ... GOLD refers to one of the following: GOLD (IEEE) is an IEEE program designed to garner more student members at the university level (Graduates of the Last Decade). ... This article is about the chemical element. ... , Jamshedpur   (जमशेदपुर in Devanagari) is a city located in the state of Jharkand in India, founded by the late Jamshedji Nusserwanji Tata. ... , Bokaro Steel City (In Hindi: बोकारो स्टील सिटि)  ,Asias largest labour colony is the home of one of the largest steel plant in India, and several other medium and small industries. ...


Government and politics

The state is headed by a Governor, who is appointed by the President of India. However, the real executive power rests with the Chief Minister and the cabinet. The political party or the coalition of political parties having majority in the Legislative Assembly forms the Government. For other uses, see Governor (disambiguation). ... The President of India (Hindi: Rashtrapati) is the head of state and first citizen of India and the Supreme Commander of the Indian armed forces. ... A Chief Minister is the elected Head of Government of a state of India, a territory of Australia or a British overseas territory that has attained self-government. ... A Legislative Assembly in some parts of the Commonwealth refers to a legislature, or a chamber of the legislature. ...


The administrative head of the State is called Chief Secretary, under whose jurisdiction a hierarchy of officials drawn from the Indian Administrative Service / State Civil Services function. The (IAS) is one of the three All India Services of the Government of India; other two services being the Indian Police Service (IPS) and the Indian Forest Service (IFS). ...


The judiciary is headed by a Chief Justice and Jharkhand has a separate High Court, located in Ranchi. In the law, the judiciary or judicial system is the system of courts which administer justice in the name of the sovereign or state, a mechanism for the resolution of disputes. ... The Chief Justice in many countries is the name for the presiding member of a Supreme Court in Commonwealth- or other countries with an Anglosaxon type of justice, such as the Supreme Court of the United States, the Supreme Court of Canada, the Supreme Court of New Zealand, the Supreme... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ...


Jharkand is one of the thirteen states in which the Naxalite rebels have considerable influence. Map showing the districts affected by the Naxalite movement Naxalite or Naxalism is an informal name given to radical, often violent, revolutionary communist groups that were born out of the Sino-Soviet split in the Indian communist movement. ...


On 5 March 2007, Sunil Mahato, a member of the national parliament was shot dead by Naxalite rebels while watching a football match on the Hindu festival of Holi near Kishanpur, some 160km (100 miles) east of state capital, Ranchi. [4] Sunil Kumar Mahato (11 January 1966 – 4 March 2007) was a member of the 14th Lok Sabha of India. ... Map showing the districts affected by the Naxalite movement Naxalite or Naxalism is an informal name given to radical, often violent, revolutionary communist groups that were born out of the Sino-Soviet split in the Indian communist movement. ... For the ship, see SS Ranchi. ...


Chief Ministers of Jharkhand

From To Name Party
20 November 2000 18 March 2003 Babulal Marandi BJP
18 March 2003 2 March 2005 Arjun Munda BJP
2 March 2005 12 March 2005 Sibu Soren JMM
12 March 2005 18 September 2006 Arjun Munda BJP
18 September 2006 Present Madhu Koda Independent

Babu Lal Marandi (born 11 January 1958) was the first Chief Minister of Jharkhand. ... BJP could mean one of Indias largest political parties, the Bharatiya Janata Party British Journal of Photography British Journal of Psychiatry British Journal of Pharmocology This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Arjun Munda (born January 5, 1968) is the Chief Minister of Jharkhand, a state of India. ... BJP could mean one of Indias largest political parties, the Bharatiya Janata Party British Journal of Photography British Journal of Psychiatry British Journal of Pharmocology This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Jharkhand Mukti Morcha (झारखंड मुक्ति मोर्चा) is a political party in India. ... Arjun Munda (born January 5, 1968) is the Chief Minister of Jharkhand, a state of India. ... BJP could mean one of Indias largest political parties, the Bharatiya Janata Party British Journal of Photography British Journal of Psychiatry British Journal of Pharmocology This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Media:Example. ...

Ministry

Currently, there are 12 ministers and about 40 departments, leading to the ministers holding posts in various departments. A minister or a secretary is a politician who holds significant public office in a national or regional government. ... A department is geographically defined area of a centralized state which functions as an administrative unit, usually at provincial level, with or without a representative assembly. ...

  • Madhu Koda (Chief Minister)
  • Stephen Marandi (Deputy Chief Minister)
  • Sudhir Mahto (Deputy Chief Minister)
  • Enos Ekka
  • Kamlesh Kumar Singh
  • Harinarayan Rai
  • Dulal Bhuiyan
  • Nalin Soren
  • Joba Manjhi
  • Bandhu Tirkey
  • Chandra Prakash Choudhari
  • Bhanu Pratap Shahi

Media:Example. ...

Administrative districts

The state was formed with 18 districts, which were formerly part of south Bihar. Some of these districts were reorganized to form 6 new districts, namely, Latehar, Saraikela Kharsawan, Jamtara, Sahebgunj, Khunti and Ramgarh. Presently, the state has 24 districts Districts of Jharkhand: Jharkhand, a state of India, has twenty-two administrative districts. ...

  1. Ranchi
  2. Lohardaga
  3. Gumla
  4. Simdega
  5. Palamu
  6. Latehar
  7. Garhwa
  8. West Singhbhum
  9. Seraikela Kharsawan
  10. East Singhbhum
  11. Dumka
  12. Jamtara
  13. Sahebganj
  14. Pakur
  15. Godda
  16. Hazaribagh
  17. Chatra
  18. Koderma
  19. Giridih
  20. Dhanbad
  21. Bokaro
  22. Deoghar
  23. Khunti
  24. Ramgarh

See also:District-wise Map Ranchi district is one of the twenty-four districts of Jharkhand state, India, and Ranchi (city) is the district headquarters and also the capital of the Jharkhand state. ... Lohardaga is a town which is also the district headquarters of Lohardaga district in the Indian state of Jharkhand. ... Gumla district is one of the districts of Jharkhand state, India. ... Simdega is one of the districts of Jharkhand state, India. ... Palamau is a district of Jharkhand state, India. ... Latehar is one of the districts of Jharkhand state, India. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... West Singhbhum is one of the districts of Jharkhand state, India. ... Seraikela Kharsawan is one of the districts of Jharkhand state, India. ... East Singhbhum is one of the districts of Jharkhand state, India. ... , For the Slavic musical form, see Dumka (musical form). ... Jamtara is one of the districts of Jharkhand state, India. ... , Sahebganj (also spelt as Sahibganj) is the district headquarters of Sahebganj district of Jharkhand state, India. ... Pakur is one of the districts of Jharkhand state, India. ... , Godda is a city and a municipality in Godda district in the Indian state of Jharkhand. ... Hazaribagh district is one of the districts of Jharkhand state, India, and Hazaribagh town is the district headquarters. ... , Chatra is a city and a municipality and headquarter of Chatra district in the state of Jharkhand, India. ... Koderma is one of the districts of Jharkhand state, India. ... , Giridih (Hindi: गिरिडीह, Bengali: গিরিডি), is headquarters of the Giridih district of Jharkhand state, India. ... Dhanbad (Hindi: धनबाद) is the capital of Dhanbad District, Jharkhand, India. ... Bokaro is one of the twenty-two districts of Jharkhand state, India. ... , Deoghar is headquarter of Deoghar District in the state of Jharkhand, India. ... , Khunti is the headquarters of Khunti district in the Indian state of Jharkhand. ... See Ramgarh for disambiguation. ...


Language, literature & culture

Jharkhand is home to a number of languages belonging to three major language families. Indo-Aryan languages include Angika,Bhojpuri,Khortha, Nagpuri, Sadri, Hindi, Urdu, Oriya and Bengali. Jharkhand is also home to the Munda languages, Kurmali, Korku, Santhali, Mundari, Bhumij, Kharia and Ho, and the Dravidian languages Korwa, Oraon(Kurukh) and Paharia (Malto). The primary languages are Hindi and English. A fair part of the state population speaks Oriya and Bengali or blend of Oriya and Bengali language. In whole of Santhal Parganas area Angika is the primary language for communication. The Indo-Aryan languages (within the context of Indo-European studies also Indic[1]) are a branch of the Indo-European language family. ... Angika is a language of Anga region of India which is spoken by more than 3 crores people. ... Categories: Indo-Aryan languages | Languages of India | Language stubs ... Nagpuri is a dialect of Hindi spoken in Jharkhand and surrounding areas in India. ... Sadri is a city and a municipality in Pali district in the Indian state of Rajasthan. ... -1... Urdu ( , , trans. ... This article is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Bangla redirects here. ... Munda Languages are spoken in north east India. ... Korku is a little-known tribe of Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra in India. ... Santali is a language in the Munda subfamily of Austro-Asiatic, related to Ho and Mundari. ... The Mundari language is a Munda language of the Austro-Asiatic language family spoken by the Munda people, and is closely related to Santali. ... Kharia, one of the tribal (adivasi) group of people, living in Jharkhand , and Orissa states, India. ... For other uses, see Dravidian (disambiguation). ... Korwa is located in Uttar Pradesh, India and is home to HALs Avionics Division that has produced DARIN upgrade for the SEPECAT Jaguar and supplied similar electronic systems for MiG-27 aircraft. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Oraon or Kurukh are a tribal (Adivasi) people of Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal, India. ... Mal Paharia, is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by about 60,000 of 111,000 ethnic Mal Paharia in the states of Jharkhand and West Bengal in India and possibly in Bangladesh. ... Oriya is the official language of the Indian state of Orissa. ... Bangla redirects here. ... Oriya is the official language of the Indian state of Orissa. ...


Social infrastructure

Health

On account of salubrious climate, Jharkhand, particularly its capital Ranchi, has been like a health resort. As far back as 1918, facilities were set up for treatment of mentally challenged – Central Institute of Psychiatry[5], Ranchi. Mental retardation (also called mental handicap and, as defined by the UK Mental Health Act (1983), mental impairment and severe mental impairment) is a term for a pattern of persistently slow learning of basic motor and language skills (milestones) during childhood, and a significantly below-normal global intellectual capacity as...


In certain areas of Jharkhand, poverty and consequent malnutrition have given rise to diseases like tuberculosis (TB). In fact, TB has assumed epidemic proportions in certain areas of the state. For management and treatment of such diseases, organizations like Ramakrishna Mission through Ramakrishna Mission Tuberculosis Sanatorium[6] (set up in 1948), Ranchi, has been doing exemplary work, and supplementing the efforts of the Government and other agencies. Likewise, in the field of treatment of cancer, Tata Main Hospital, Jamshedpur,[7] is rendering pioneering work. In the same way Bokaro General Hospital equipped with modern facilities for the treatment Cancer and heart related problems with capacity of 1100 beds one of the largest in eastern India. Tuberculosis (abbreviated as TB for tubercle bacillus or Tuberculosis) is a common and deadly infectious disease caused by mycobacteria, mainly Mycobacterium tuberculosis. ... In epidemiology, an epidemic (from [[Latin language] epi- upon + demos people) is a disease that appears as new cases in a given human population, during a given period, at a rate that substantially exceeds what is expected, based on recent experience (the number of new cases in the population during... The Ramakrishna Mission Emblem The Ramakrishna Mission (Bengali: ) is an association founded by Sri Ramakrishnas chief disciple and religious leader, Swami Vivekananda on May 1, 1897. ...


Although several public and private health facilities are available in the state, overall infrastructure for dispensing health related services require improvements. An exception is the famous Tata Motors Hospital which is an example of a ISO 14001 and 18001 certified hospital with DNB teaching facilities.


Veterinary

Jharkhand has a diverse population of animal wealth.Mostly local and crossbred cattle, black bengal goat, chhotanagpuri sheep, murrah and local Buffalo, brahman breed of chicken, broilers, duck of many varieties ar here. Veterinary department runs Govt. Veterinary Dispensaries in all blocks of Jharkhand. Touring Veterinary officers, Bloch Animal Husbandary Officers, Mobile Officers, Assistant Poultry Officers, Veterinary Surgeons are posted to do the various jobs relating to veterinary. Till now no separate directorate is here for veterinary and is hanparing its functions. The less number of staff and doctors is a major hurdle in implementing various programmes like Artificial Insemination of Cattle and buffalo.


Education

The literacy rate in Jharkhand is 69.13% (2001) and female literacy rate is still lower at 60.38%.


Jharkhand has a network of government and privately run schools, although standards of teaching vary considerably from place to place, as also from school to school.


Jharkhand has made primary education so accessible that 95% of children ages 6-11 are enrolled in school as opposed to 56% in 1993-94, so this will likely improve literacy a great deal.


Schools

The medium of instruction in schools is Hindi/English with English/Hindi/Sanskrit/Urdu/Bangla/Oriya as second language. After 10 years of schooling, students can join 2 years of Intermediate course (or +2 courses) in Arts, Science and Commerce. This is followed by 3 years of degree courses (graduation)or 4 years of Engineering/Agriculture/Medicine degree. On May 2008, Jharkhand became the first in India to introduce free haircuts for poor students. 40,000 barbers will be employed with a monthly salary of 1000 rupees (25 US dollars) which will cost the state government 40 million rupees (1 million US dollars).[1]-1... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... -1... Sanskrit ( , for short ) is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Jainism, and one of the 23 official languages of India. ... Urdu ( , , trans. ... This article is about the Bengali language. ... Oriya is the official language of the Indian state of Orissa. ... The Arts is a broad subdivision of culture, comprised of many expressive disciplines. ... A magnet levitating above a high-temperature superconductor demonstrates the Meissner effect. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Engineering is the discipline and profession of applying scientific knowledge and utilizing natural laws and physical resources in order to design and implement materials, structures, machines, devices, systems, and processes that realize a desired objective and meet specified criteria. ... For the chemical substances known as medicines, see medication. ... Species Sus barbatus Sus bucculentus Sus cebifrons Sus celebensis Sus domesticus Sus heureni Sus philippensis Sus salvanius Sus scrofa Sus timoriensis Sus verrucosus Pigs are ungulates native to Eurasia collectively grouped under the genus Sus within the Suidae family. ... A boy visiting a barber A barber (from the Latin barba, beard) is someone whose occupation is to cut any type of hair, give shaves, and trim beards. ...


Universities

Institute Main Building, BIT Mesra
Institute Main Building, BIT Mesra

A number of non-technical colleges are located in bigger cities as well as in small towns. The Industrial Training Institutes(ITIs) in particular, offer popular 3 year diploma courses. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (990x651, 118 KB)from my personal collecion File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (990x651, 118 KB)from my personal collecion File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...


Jharkhand has 4 Universities: Ranchi University & Birsa Agricultural University at Ranchi, Sidhhu Kanhu University at Dumka and Vinoba Bhave University in Hazaribagh. Each of these has several constituent and affiliated colleges in other cities and towns. The best of these affiliated colleges offer post-graduate and PhD programs. The Ranchi University is a university in Jharkhand state of India. ... Birsa Agricultural University is an agricultural university at Ranchi in the Indian state of Jharkhand. ...


Birsa Institute of Technology (formerly Bihar Institute of Technology), (Sindri) Dhanbad, Birla Institute of Technology, Ranchi, National Institute of Technology, Jamshedpur (Formerly known as RIT, Jamshedpur), and the most renowned Indian School of Mines (ISM Dhanbad) are famous engineering colleges. The latter three are now considered "Deemed Universities". Institute Main Building, BIT Mesra Birla Institute of Technology Mesra, (Hindi: बिरला प्रौद्योगिकी संस्थान मेसरा ) (popularly known as BIT, Mesra or BIT, Ranchi) is an autonomous engineering institute located in Ranchi, Jharkhand in India. ... National Institute of Technology ,Jamshedpur, one of the few NITs in India, was formerly known as Regional Institute of Technology ,Jamshedpur. ... Indian School of Mines (ISM) is a fully residential co-educational public university located in the mineral-rich belt of India in the town of Dhanbad. ...


National Institute of Foundry and Forge Technology(NIFFT) and B.I.T SINDRI [among one of the oldest engineering colleges in eastern india (estd-1949)].


There are three medical colleges in Jharkhand namely Rajendra Institute of Medical Sciences (RIMS) at Ranchi, M.G.M. Medical College Jamshedpur and Patliputra Medical College And Hospital (PMCH) at Dhanbad. Rajendra Institute of Medical Sciences was originally callede Rajendra Medical College after the name of first president of Republic of India. ... Mahatma Gandhi Memorial Medical College also known as MGM Medical College was established in the year 1964. ...


The famous B-school Xavier Labour Relations Institute (XLRI) is at Jamshedpur. It's PMIR programme is regarded best in the entire Asia-Pacific region[citation needed]. XLRI (formerly known as the Xavier Labour Relations Institute) is an Indian business school, located in the steel city of Jamshedpur. ...


Xavier Institute of Social Service (XISS) at Ranchi is also well known for it's Personnel management and Rural Development courses. The Xavier Institute of Social Service (XISS) was established as an extension department of St. ... Personnel management is the activity of managing personnel, usually employees. ... Rural development in general is used to denote the actions and initiatives taken to improve the standard of living in non-Urban neighbourhoods, countryside, and remote villages. ...


Sports

Jharkhand has earned itself an important place in the sports arena - thanks to the dashing wicketkeeper batsman - Mahendra Singh Dhoni. Hockey, Football and Cricket are most loved games by the people of Jharkhand. Jharkhand has given some brilliant players like Jaipal Singh, a former Indian Hockey captain and Olympian and Vimal Lakra currently playing for Indian Hockey team. Jharkhand is the host for upcoming National Games. Mahendra Singh Dhoni or MS Dhoni   (Hindi:महेन्द्र सिंह धोनी) (born July 7, 1981 in Ranchi, Jharkhand) is an Indian cricketer and the current captain of the Indian Twenty20 and ODI team. ...


Media

Hindi newspapers like the Ranchi Express[8] and the Prabhat Khabar[9] are the main newspapers, published from the state capital, Ranchi and are available in almost all parts of the state. All important Indian newspapers, in Hindi, English and Bengali are also available in bigger cities by the afternoon and after a day’s delay in smaller towns. Most of the national magazines in Hindi, English and Bengali are regularly available in bigger cities and at other places supply may be arranged through newspaper vendors.


Ranchi and Jamshedpur have around five radio station and All India Radio is Available throughout the state. In 2007 Private FM Channels have also started operation in the state. Doordarshan,the national television broadcaster, is also available in almost all parts of the state. Bigger cities of Jaharkhand is served by all television channels available in India and channels are received through cable. In some interior regions, channels are received via satellite dishes.


Landline telephone connectivity is provided by Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited (BSNL), Tata Teleservices (TATA INDICOM) and Reliance Infocomm and covers almost all parts of the state. Cellular service, covering all major centres of the state, is provided by BSNL, Aircel, Idea, Vodafone, Reliance Telecom and Airtel (GSM Service) and also by Tata Indicom and Reliance Infocomm (CDMA Service). Internet connectivity is available in all of the districts. Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited (known as BSNL, India Communications Corporation Limited) is a public sector communications company in India. ...


References

Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 103rd day of the year (104th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Jharkhand portal
Image File history File links Portal. ... Wikitravel is a project to create an open content, complete, up-to-date, and reliable world-wide travel guide. ... India is a federal republic comprising twenty-eight states and seven union territories. ... Andhra redirects here. ... , Arunachal Pradesh   (Hindi:   ) is the easternmost state of India. ... , Assam  ) (Assamese: অসম Ôxôm [É”xÉ”m]) is a northeastern state of India with its capital at Dispur, a suburb of the city Guwahati. ... For other uses, see Bihar (disambiguation). ... , Chhattisgarh (Chhattisgarhi/Hindi: छत्तीसगढ़, IPA: )  , a state in central India, formed when the sixteen Chhattisgarhi-speaking southeastern districts of Madhya Pradesh gained statehood on November 1, 2000. ... For other uses, see Goa (disambiguation). ... This article is for the Indian state. ... For the town in Hoshiarpur district, see Hariana. ... , Himachal Pradesh (Hindi: हिमाचल प्रदेश, IPA:  ) is a state in the north-west of India. ... This article is about the area administered by India. ... This article is about the Indian region. ... -1... , Madhya Pradesh (abbreviated as MP)   (HindÄ«: मध्य प्रदेश, English: , IPA: ), often called the Heart of India, is a state in central India. ... , Maharashtra (Marathi: महाराष्ट्र , IPA  , translation: Great Nation) is Indias third largest state in area and second largest in population after Uttar Pradesh. ... , Manipur   (Meiteilon: মনিপুর in Eastern Nagari script, mnipur in Meitei Mayek) is a state in northeastern India making its capital in the city of Imphal. ... , Meghalaya   is a small state in north-eastern India. ... , Mizoram   is one of the Seven Sister States in northeastern India on the border with Myanmar. ... , Nagaland   is a hill state located in the far north-eastern part of India. ... , Orissa   (Oriya: ଓଡ଼ିଶା), is a state situated on the east coast of India. ... , This article is about the Indian state of Punjab. ... , Rājasthān (DevanāgarÄ«: राजस्थान, IPA: )   is the largest state of the Republic of India in terms of area. ... , Sikkim (Nepali:  , also Sikhim) is a landlocked Indian state nestled in the Himalayas. ... Tamil Nadu (தமிழ் நாடு, Land of the Tamils) is a state at the southern tip of India. ... Tripura   (Bengali: ত্রিপুরা, Hindi: त्रिपुरा) is a state in North East India. ... , Uttar Pradesh (Hindi: , Urdu: , IPA:  , translation: Northern Province), [often referred to as U.P.], located in central-south Asia and northern India, is the most populous and fifth largest state in the Republic of India. ... , Uttarakhand (Hindi: उत्तराखण्ड or उत्तराखंड), is a state located in the northern part of India. ... , West Bengal (Bengali: পশ্চিমবঙ্গ Poshchim Bônggo IPA: ) is a state in eastern India. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_India. ... A Union Territory is an administrative division of India. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Andaman Islands. ... , Chandigarh,  (Punjabi: , Hindi: ) also called City Beautiful, is a city in India that serves as the capital of two states, Punjab and Haryana, and is a union territory of India. ... Dadra and Nagar Haveli (Gujarati: દાદરા અને નગર હવેલી, Hindi: दादरा और नगर हवेली, Urdu: دادرہ اور نگر حویلی, Portuguese: Dadrá e Nagar-Aveli) is a Union Territory in western India. ... For other uses, see Delhi (disambiguation). ... Daman and Diu (Portuguese: Gujarati is the main language; use of Portuguese is declining because it is not official or taught at school (but still spoken by 10% in Daman). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about the Union Territory. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Jharkhand travel guide - Wikitravel (909 words)
Jharkhand [1] is a state in India's Eastern region.
Jharkhand can fairly claim to be one of the most attractive parts of the Indian peninsula.
To complete the attraction of the Jharkhand, the Adivasis who predominate on the plateau are a lovable and cheerful race.
Jharkhand - Gospel for Asia (392 words)
The name Jharkhand literally means "Land of Hills and Forests." For centuries this beautiful, mineral-rich area of northeastern India has been home to the Adivasi (tribal) people.
The people of Jharkhand, however, had long argued that their distinct history and culture called for an independent state.
Jharkhand is primarily a rural state, with only 22 percent of the population living in urban areas.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m