FACTOID # 13: New York has America's lowest percentage of residents who are veterans.
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 


FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:



(* = Graphable)



Encyclopedia > Jewish meditation

Jewish meditation, which in Hebrew is called hisbonenus or hitbonenut, is explained most explicitely in the Kabbalistic and Chassidic texts. The word "hisbonenus" derives from the Hebrew word Binah (lit. understanding) and refers to the process of understanding through analytical study. While the word hisbonenus can be applied to analytical study of any topic, it is generally used to refer to study of the Torah, and particularly the explanations of Kabbalah, in order to achieve a greater understanding and appreciation of G-d. Hebrew (עִבְרִית or עברית, ‘Ivrit) is a Semitic language of the Afro-Asiatic language family spoken by more than seven million people in Israel and Jewish communities around the world. ... Torah () is a Hebrew word meaning teaching, instruction, or law. It is the central and most important document of Judaism revered by Jews through the ages. ... This article is about the overall Jewish mysticisms tradition. ...


Chochma, Binah, and Daas

According to the Kaballah, every intellectual process must incorporate three faculties: Chochma, Binah, and Daas. Chochma (lit. wisdom) is the mind's ability to come up with a new insight into a concept that one did not know before. Binah (lit. understanding) is the mind's ability to take a new insight (from Chochma), analyze all of its implications and simplify the concept so it is understood well. Daas (lit.knowledge), the third stage, is the mind's ability to focus and hold its attention on the Chochma and the Binah. // Chokhmah, also sometimes transliterated chochma or hokhmah (חכמה) is the Hebrew word for wisdom. The word chokhmah and others derived from it may connote one of several things: People A wise man is a chakham (feminine: chakhama). ... Binah is the third Sefirah on the tree of life. ... Daas is an American fine art painter, muralist and pop-surrealist. ...

The fact that Jewish meditation is called Hisbonenus, which refers to Binah, represents an important difference between Jewish and other forms of meditation. Most forms of meditation intend to help a person achieve the insight of Chochma; to gain a new realization into the nature of the world, G-d, reality, or whatever. Most forms of meditation try to achieve this with the faculty of Daas, deep concentration. Kabbalah and Chassidic philosophy, however, reject the notion that any new insight can come from mere concentration. They explain that while "Daas" is a necessary component of cognition, it is like an empty vessel without the learning and analysis and study that comes through the faculty of Binah. According to Chassidic philosophy, just as a scientist's new insight or discovery (Chochma) always results from prior in-depth study and analysis of his topic (Binah), likewise, to gain any insight in G-dliness can only come through in-depth study of the explanations of Kabbalah and Chassidic philosophy.

Chassidic masters warn that deep concentration devoid of intellectual content for extended periods of time leads to sensory deprivation, hallucinations, and insanity, which some tragically mistake for spiritual enlightenment. Chassidic masters say that enlightenment commensurates with one's understanding of the Torah and specifically the explanations of Kaballah and Chassidic philosophy. Schneuri, Dovber (Printed in 1995, then again in 2003). Ner Mitzva Vetorah Or. Kehot Publication Society ISBN 0-8266-5496-7 A prisoner at the United States Camp X-ray facility at Guantanamo Bay in Cuba being subjected to sensory deprivation, through the use of ear muffs, visor, breathing mask and heavy mittens. ... Inmates at Bedlam Asylum, as portrayed by William Hogarth Insanity, or madness, is a semi-permanent, severe mental disorder typically stemming from a form of mental illness. ... . For other uses, see Enlightenment. ... Torah () is a Hebrew word meaning teaching, instruction, or law. It is the central and most important document of Judaism revered by Jews through the ages. ...

Common mistranslation

A proper understanding of the concept of hisbonenus, as explained above, yields the conclusion that translating hisbonenus as "meditation" is inaccurate. "Meditation" refers to the mind's ability to concentrate (Daas), which in Hebrew is called Haamokas HaDaas. Hisbonenus, which refers to the process of analysis (Binah) is more properly translated as "in-depth analytical study". (Ibid.)

External links

  • A Tract On Jewish Contemplation & Meditation - Dovber Schneuri
  • Kaballah and Jewish Meditation

Dovber Schneuri or Der Mitteler Rebbe (The Middle Rebbe in Yiddish) (1773 — 1827) was the second Rebbe (spiritual leader) of the Chabad-Lubavitch Hasidic movement. ...

See also

Seder hishtalshelus Seder Hishtalshelus (Hebrew סדר חשתלשלות) means the order of development or order of evolution, where the word Hishtalshelus (or Hishtalshelut) is derived from the reduplicated quadriliteral root ŠLŠL, and so literally means the chain-like process. This is the Kabbalistic term for the progression God continually uses to go from His...



Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m