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Encyclopedia > Jethro Tull (agriculturist)
Jethro Tull

Jethro Tull (born March 1672 in Basildon, Berkshire; died 21 February 1741 in Shalbourne, Berkshire (now Wiltshire)) was an English agricultural pioneer during the Industrial Revolution and the Agricultural Revolution. Image File history File links Jethro_Tull. ... Image File history File links Jethro_Tull. ... March is the third month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... Events England, France, Munster and Cologne invade the United Provinces, therefore this name is know as ´het rampjaar´ (the disaster year) in the Netherlands. ... Basildon is a village and civil parish in Berkshire between Pangbourne and Streatley. ... Berks redirects here. ... February 21 is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... // Events April 10 - Austrian army attack troops of Frederick the Great at Mollwitz August 10 - Raja of Travancore defeats Dutch East India Company naval expedition at Battle of Colachel December 19 - Vitus Bering dies in his expedition east of Siberia December 25 - Anders Celsius develops his own thermometer scale Celsius... Shalbourne is a village and civil parish in the English county of Wiltshire. ... Wiltshire (abbreviated Wilts) is a large southern English county. ... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem God Save the King (Queen) England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto) Government Constitutional monarchy  -  Queen Queen Elizabeth II  -  Prime Minister Tony Blair MP Unification  -  by Athelstan 967  Area... A Watt steam engine. ... The British Agricultural Revolution describes a period of agricultural development in Britain between the 16th century and the mid-19th century, which saw a massive increase in agricultural productivity and net output. ...


Tull was born in Basildon, Berkshire to Dorothy Buckridge and Jethro Tull.[1] He was educated at St John's College, Oxford and Gray's Inn. Influenced by the early Age of Enlightenment, he is considered to be one of the early proponents of a scientific (and especially empirical) approach to agriculture. He helped transform agricultural practices by inventing or improving numerous implements, the most notable being the seed drill, which he invented in 1701 while living in Crowmarsh Gifford. Before the seed drill was introduced, seeds were sown simply by being cast upon the ground, to germinate (or fail to germinate) where they landed. The seed drill significantly improved this process, by creating a hole of specific depth, dropping in a seed, and covering it over, three rows at a time. The result was an increased rate of germination, and a much-improved crop yield (up to eight times[1]). Basildon is a village and civil parish in Berkshire between Pangbourne and Streatley. ... Berks redirects here. ... College name St Johns College Collegium Divi Joannis Baptistae Named after Saint John the Baptist Established 1555 Sister College Sidney Sussex College President Sir Michael Scholar KCB JCR President Rhys Jones Undergraduates 381 Graduates 184 Homepage Boatclub St Johns College is one of the constituent colleges of the... Entrance to Grays Inn Grays Inn is one of the four Inns of Court in around the Royal Courts of Justice in London, England to which barristers belong and where they are called to the bar. ... The Age of Enlightenment (French: , German: ) refers to the eighteenth century in European and American philosophy, or the longer period including the Age of Reason. ... Part of a scientific laboratory at the University of Cologne. ... In philosophy generally, empiricism is a theory of knowledge emphasizing the role of experience in the formation of ideas, while discounting the notion of innate ideas. ... An invention is an object, process, or technique which displays an element of novelty. ... Seeder redirects here. ... Events January 18 - Frederick I becomes King of Prussia. ... Crowmarsh Gifford is a village in Oxfordshire, England. ... A ripe red jalapeño cut open to show the seeds For other uses, see Seed (disambiguation). ... Sowing is the process of planting seeds. ... It has been suggested that Germination rate be merged into this article or section. ... In agriculture, crop yield (also known as agricultural output) is a measure of the yield per unit area of land under cultivation. ...


Tull also advocated the use of horses over oxen, invented a horse-drawn hoe for clearing weeds, and made changes to the design of the plough which is still visible in modern versions. His interest in ploughing derived from his interest in weed control, and his belief that fertilizing was unnecessary, on the basis that nutrients locked up in soil could be released through pulverization. Although he was incorrect in his belief that plants obtained nourishment exclusively from such nutrients, he was aware that horse manure carried weed seeds, and hoped to avoid using it as fertilizer by pulverizing the soil to enhance the availability of plant nutrients. Binomial name Equus caballus Linnaeus, 1758 The horse (Equus caballus, sometimes seen as a subspecies of the Wild Horse, Equus ferus caballus) is a large odd-toed ungulate mammal, one of ten modern species of the genus Equus. ... Binomial name Bos taurus Linnaeus, 1758 Cattle (often called cows in vernacular and contemporary usage, or kye as the Scots plural of cou) are domesticated ungulates, a member of the subfamily Bovinae of the family Bovidae. ... The hoe is a hand tool used in farming and gardening. ... The traditional way: a German farmer works the land with a horse and plough. ... Weed control, a botanical component of pest control, stops weeds from reaching a mature stage of growth when they could be harmful to domesticated plants, sometimes livestocks, by using manual techniques including soil cultivation, mulching and herbicides. ... Spreading manure, an organic fertilizer Fertilizers (British English fertilisers) are compounds given to plants to promote growth; they are usually applied either via the soil, for uptake by plant roots, or by foliar feeding, for uptake through leaves. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Animal manure is often a mixture of animals feces and bedding straw, as in this example from a stable. ...


Tull's inventions were sometimes considered controversial and were not widely adopted for many years. However, on the whole he introduced innovations which contributed to the foundation of productive modern agriculture.


Tull published his famous book, The New Horse-Hoeing Husbandry, c.1731, with the sub-title "an Essay on the Principles of Tillage and Nutrition"


Tull is buried in the churchyard of St Bartholomew's church, Lower Basildon in Berkshire. St Bartholomews Church is the redundant Church of England parish church of Basildon in the English county of Berkshire. ... Berks redirects here. ...


See also

Agricultural science is a broad multidisciplinary field that encompasses the parts of exact, natural, economic, and social sciences that are used in the practice and understanding of agriculture. ... The British Agricultural Revolution describes a period of agricultural development in Britain between the 16th century and the mid-19th century, which saw a massive increase in agricultural productivity and net output. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...

Footnotes

External links

  • Royal Berkshire History: Jethro Tull
  • BBC History: Jethro Tull (1674–1741)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Jethro Tull (agriculturist) (238 words)
Jethro Tull (1674-1741) was an English agricultural pioneer, and is considered one of the fathers of scientific agriculture.
Prior to Tull, seed was simply cast upon the ground, to grow or lie fallow as it landed.
Tull also invented a horse-drawn hoe for clearing weeds and made changes in the plough that are still visible in modern designs.
Reference.com/Encyclopedia/Jethro Tull (agriculturist) (404 words)
Tull was born in Basildon, Berkshire to Dorothy Buckridge and Jethro Tull.
Tull also advocated the use of horses over oxen, invented a horse-drawn hoe for clearing weeds, and made changes to the design of the plough which is still visible in modern versions.
Tull is buried in the churchyard of St Bartholomew's Church, Lower Basildon in Berkshire.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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