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Encyclopedia > Jet aircraft

Jet aircraft are aircrafts with jet engines. Unlike propeller-powered aircraft, jet aircraft normally fly at altitudes as high as 10,000 to 15,000 meters, about 33,000 to 49,000 feet. At these altitudes, jet engines can achieve maximum efficiency over long distances. The engines in propeller powered aircraft achieve their maximum efficiency at much lower altitudes. Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... This article refers to the tool of travel. ... A Pratt and Whitney turbofan engine for the F-15 Eagle is tested at Robins Air Force Base, Georgia, USA. The tunnel behind the engine muffles noise and allows exhaust to escape. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...

Contents

Historical examples

Frank Whittle's memorial showing a full-scale model of the Gloster E28/39
Frank Whittle's memorial showing a full-scale model of the Gloster E28/39

The first aircraft to incorporate the principles of the jet engine was the Coanda-1910, piloted by its Romanian inventor Henri Coandă in 1910. The engine of this aircraft, unlike the modern jet engine, used a piston engine rather than a turbine to drive its compressor. Unfortunately, the aircraft crashed during its first and only demonstration, however remaining mostly intact. Image File history File linksMetadata FrankwhittleE28-39farnborough. ... Image File history File linksMetadata FrankwhittleE28-39farnborough. ... The Coanda-1910 was an aircraft built by Romanian inventor Henri Coanda and exhibited by him at the Second International Aeronautical Exhibition in Paris around October 1910. ... Henri Marie Coandă (June 7, 1886 – November 25, 1972) was a Romanian inventor, aerodynamics pioneer and the parent of the modern jet aircraft. ... This is a list of aviation-related events from 1910: Events First night flights. ... Components of a typical, four stroke cycle, DOHC piston engine. ...


The first true turbine-equipped jetplane was the Heinkel He 178 (Germany), piloted by Erich Warsitz in 1939 (August 27, 1939). The Heinkel He 178 was the worlds first aircraft to fly under turbojet power, and the first practical jet plane. ... Erich Warsitz († 12 July 1983) was a German test pilot of the 1930s. ... This is a list of aviation-related events from 1939: Events January January 12 - the RAF Auxiliary Air Force Reserve is formed February February 9 - Alex Henshaw sets a new speed record for the round trip between England and Cape Town in 4 days 10 minutes in a Percival Mew... August 27 is the 239th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (240th in leap years), with 126 days remaining. ... 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full year calendar). ...


The British flew their Gloster E.28/39 powered by Sir Frank Whittle's turbojet on May 15, 1941, with Flt Lt PG Sayer as pilot. The United States, upon learning of the British work, produced the Bell XP-59, with a version of the Whittle engine built by General Electric which flew on September 12, 1942 with Col L. Craigie as pilot. The Gloster E.28/39, (also referred to as the Gloster Whittle, Gloster Pioneer, or Gloster G.40) was the first jet engined aircraft to fly in the United Kingdom. ... Sir Frank Whittle (June 1, 1907 - August 9, 1996) was a Royal Air Force officer who invented the jet engine in England while Hans von Ohain was inventing the same in Germany. ... May 15 is the 135th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (136th in leap years). ... For the movie, see 1941 (film). ... Flt Lt Philip E. Gerry Sayer was Chief Test Pilot for Gloster Aircraft as well as a serving RAF officer. ... The Bell P-59A was a fighter aircraft built in the United States during World War II. Its prototype, the XP-59A became the first jet-powered aircraft to fly in the US on October 1, 1942. ... GE redirects here. ... September 12 is the 255th day of the year (256th in leap years). ... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1942 calendar). ...


The first operational jet fighter was the Messerschmitt Me 262, piloted by Fritz Wendel. It was the fastest conventional aircraft of World War II - only the rocket-powered Messerschmitt Me 163 Komet was faster. Mass production started in 1944, too late for a decisive impact. About the same time, the United Kingdom's Gloster Meteor made up the first operational jet fighter squadron in 1944. It was used to defend the UK against the V1 flying bomb and in ground-attack operations over Europe towards the end of the war. The Imperial Japanese Navy also developed jet aircraft in 1945, including the Nakajima Kikka, partially inspired by German designs. The Messerschmitt Me 262 Schwalbe (German: Swallow) was the worlds first operational jet-powered fighter aircraft. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The Me 163 Komet was the only operational rocket fighter aircraft during WWII. It required a lengthy development process and entered the Second World War in a very limited fashion only in 1944. ... This is a list of aviation-related events from 1944: Events January January 11 - in one of the largest air raids to date, 570 USAAF bombers strike Brunswick, Halberstadt, and Oschersleben. ... The Gloster Meteor was the Allies first operational jet fighter. ... A fighter aircraft is a military aircraft designed primarily for attacking other aircraft, as opposed to a bomber, which is designed to attack ground targets, primarily by dropping bombs. ... The Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) (: 大日本帝國海軍 Shinjitai: 大日本帝国海軍   or 日本海軍 Nippon Kaigun), officially Navy of Empire of Greater Japan, also known as the Japanese Navy or Combined Fleet was the Navy of Empire of Japan from 1869 until 1947, when it was dissolved following Japans constitutional renunciation of the use of force... The Nakajima Kikka (Japanese: 中島 橘花, Kikka meaning Orange Blossom) was Japans first jet-powered aircraft. ...


During the Korean War in 1950 (on November 8, 1950), United States Air Force Lt. Russell J. Brown flying in an F-80, intercepted two North Korean MiG-15s near the Yalu River and shot them down in the first jet-to-jet dogfight in history. Combatants United Nations:  Republic of Korea,  Australia,  Belgium,  Luxembourg,  Canada,  Colombia,  Ethiopia,  France,  Greece,  Luxembourg,  Netherlands,  New Zealand,  Philippines,  South Africa,  Thailand,  Turkey,  United Kingdom,  United States Medical staff:  Denmark,  Australia,  Italy,  Norway,  Sweden Communist states:  Democratic People’s Republic of Korea,  Peoples Republic of China,  Soviet Union Commanders... This is a list of aviation-related events from 1950: Events Arrow Air is founded March March 20 - Royal Air Force Avro Lincoln bombers are sent to Singapore to be used against the Communist guerillas of Malaya in the Malayan Emergency. ... November 8 is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 53 days remaining. ... 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... The United States Air Force (USAF) is the aerial warfare branch of the United States armed forces and one of the seven uniformed services. ... The Lockheed P-80 Shooting Star was the first operational jet fighter used by the United States Army Air Force. ... North Korea, officially the Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea (DPRK; Korean: Chosŏn Minjujuŭi Inmin Konghwaguk; Hangul: 조선민주주의인민공화국; Hanja: 朝鮮民主主義人民共和國), is a country in eastern Asia... The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-15 (NATO reporting name Fagot) was a jet fighter developed for the USSR. History Design began under the bureau designation I-310, which first flew in 1947. ... The Amnok River, or the Yalu River, is a river on the border between China and North Korea. ... A dogfight or dog fight is a common term used to describe close-range aerial combat between military aircraft. ...


Argentina developed the FMA IAe 33 Pulqui II between 1950 and 1953, with the help of German engineer Kurt Tank. This was the first jet fighter to be entirely developed and built in Latin America, making Argentina the 6th country in the world to develop such technology on its own. FMA IAe 33 Pulqui II, more commonly known as the Pulqui II, was a jet fighter aircraft developed between the years 1950-53, in Argentina, during the Perón government. ... Kurt Waldemar Tank, 1944. ... Latin America consists of the countries of South America and some of North America (including Central America and some the islands of the Caribbean) whose inhabitants mostly speak Romance languages, although Native American languages are also spoken. ...


BOAC operated the first commercial jet service, from London to Johannesburg, in 1952 with the de Havilland Comet. After technical problems with the Comet, BOAC resumed jet service with imported Boeing 707s. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... City motto: Unity in Development Province Gauteng Mayor Amos Masondo Area  - % water 1,644 km² 0. ... This is a list of aviation-related events from 1952: // Events January January 5 - Pan Am commences trans-atlantic freight services. ... The de Havilland Comet of Britain was the worlds first commercial jet airliner. ...


The fastest military jet plane remains the retired SR-71 Blackbird. The Lockheed SR-71 was an advanced, long-range, Mach 3 strategic reconnaissance aircraft developed from the Lockheed YF-12A and A-12 aircraft by the Lockheed Skunk Works. ...


The fastest commercial jet plane remains the retired Tupolev Tu-144. The Tupolev Tu-144 (NATO reporting name: Charger) was a supersonic airliner constructed under management of the Soviet Tupolev design bureau headed by Alexei Tupolev (1925–2001). ...

Virgin Atlantic Airbus A340-600 landing
Virgin Atlantic Airbus A340-600 landing

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1802x1275, 376 KB) Virgin Atlantic Airbus A340-600 (G-VYOU) lands at London Heathrow Airport, England. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1802x1275, 376 KB) Virgin Atlantic Airbus A340-600 (G-VYOU) lands at London Heathrow Airport, England. ... Virgin Atlantic Airways Ltd. ... Virgin Atlantic Airbus A340. ...

Modern jets

Modern jets generally cruise at speeds of 0.75 to 0.85 Mach, or 75 to 85% of the speed of sound. The speed of sound is a function of air temperature and pressure, and therefore the speed of a jet is not constant in terms of miles per hour, but varies with atmospheric conditions. In general, modern jets fly at about 420 to 580 miles per hour or 680 to 900 km/h. The speed of sound is a term used to describe the speed of sound waves passing through an elastic medium. ... Layers of Atmosphere - not to scale (NOAA)[2] Earths atmosphere is a layer of gases surrounding the planet Earth and retained by the Earths gravity. ...


NASA and the FAA have recently been promoting Very Light Jets, small general aviation aircraft seating 4 to 8. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an agency of the United States Government, responsible for that nations public space program. ...   FAA redirects here. ... Eclipse 500 VLJ A Very Light Jet (VLJ) is a small jet aircraft approved for single-pilot operation. ... General aviation (abbr. ...


See also

The Boeing 747, which is also known as the jumbo jet, is the second largest passenger airliner after the Airbus A380. ... A jetliner is an airliner powered by jet engines (usually of the turbofan type). ... Aviation or Air transport refers to the activities surrounding mechanical flight and the aircraft industry. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Jet aircraft - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (461 words)
Unlike propeller-powered aircraft, jet aircraft normally fly at altitudes as high as 10,000 to 15,000 meters, about 32,808 to 49,212 feet standard.
The first aircraft to incorporate significant principles of the jet engine was the Coanda-1910 (Romania), piloted by its inventor Henri Coandă in 1910.
Modern jets generally cruise at speeds of 0.75 to 0.85 Mach, which is to say, 75 percent to 85 percent of the speed of sound.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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