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Encyclopedia > Jesse James
Jesse James

Born Jesse Woodson James
September 5, 1847(1847-09-05)
Clay County, Missouri, USA
Died April 3, 1882 (aged 34)
St. Joseph, Missouri, USA
Nationality Flag of the United States United States
Known for Banditry
Spouse Zerelda Mimms
Children Jesse E. James
Mary James Barr

Jesse Woodson James (September 5, 1847April 3, 1882) was an American outlaw and the most famous member of the James-Younger Gang, whose career went down the drain during Reconstruction and the later 19th century. After his death, he became a legendary figure of the Wild West. Recent historical studies demonstrate he should be considered part of the Confederate veterans' guerrilla insurgency after the Civil War.[1] There have been many persons named Jesse James. ... Jesse James, from http://www. ... is the 248th day of the year (249th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1847 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Clay County is a county located in the U.S. state of Missouri. ... is the 93rd day of the year (94th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1882 (MDCCCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Saint Joseph (also known as St. ... Image File history File links US_flag_38_stars. ... Butch Cassidy, a famous outlaw An outlaw, a person living the lifestyle of outlawry, is most familiar to contemporary readers as a stock character in Western movies. ... Zeralda Mimms James born Zeralda Amanda Mimms (21 July 1845 - 13 November 1900) was the first cousin and wife of Jesse James. ... Jesse Edwards James (31 August 1875 - 26 March 1951), commonly known as Tim, was the only surviving son of American outlaw Jesse Woodson James. ... Mary James Barr born Mary Jane Susan James (17 June 1879 - 11 October 1935) Was the only daughter of American outlaw Jesse James, and his wife Zee James. ... is the 248th day of the year (249th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1847 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... is the 93rd day of the year (94th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1882 (MDCCCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... For other senses of this word, see outlaw (disambiguation). ... Jesse and Frank James, 1872 The James-Younger Gang was a legendary 19th century gang of American outlaws that included Jesse James. ... The cowboy, the quintessential symbol of the American Old West, circa 1887. ... Guerilla may refer to Guerrilla warfare. ... “Insurrection” redirects here. ...

Contents

Early life

Jesse Woodson James was born in Clay County, Missouri, near the site of present day Kearney. His father, Robert James, was a commercial hemp farmer and Baptist minister from Kentucky who helped found Liberty, Missouri. (Hemp was the raw material for rope, and a major crop in the Missouri River valley)[2] Robert James traveled to California during the Gold Rush and died there when Jesse was three years old. Clay County is a county located in the U.S. state of Missouri. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Kearney is a city in Clay County, Missouri, United States. ... Robert Sallee James (17 July 1818 - 18 August 1850) was a pastor and father of four children including the James outlaws. ... U.S. Marihuana production permit. ... For other uses, see Farmer (disambiguation). ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Baptist is... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Frankfort Largest city Louisville Area  Ranked 37th  - Total 40,444 sq mi (104,749 km²)  - Width 140 miles (225 km)  - Length 379 miles (610 km)  - % water 1. ... Liberty is a city in Clay County, Missouri. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... For other meanings, see Gold rush (disambiguation) A gold rush is a period of feverish migration of workers into the area of a dramatic discovery of commercial quantities of gold. ...


After Robert's death, Jesse's mother Zerelda remarried, first to Benjamin Simms, and then to a doctor named Reuben Samuel. After their marriage in 1855, Samuel moved into the James' home. Jesse had two full siblings: his older brother, Alexander Franklin "Frank" James, and a younger sister, Susan Lavenia James. In addition, Reuben Samuel and Zerelda eventually had four children: Sarah Louisa Samuel (aka Sarah Ellen), John Thomas Samuel, Fannie Quantrell Samuel, and Archie Peyton Samuel.[3] Jesse Jamess mother Zerelda Samuel Zerelda James Samuel (previously Zerelda Cole James and Zerelda Simms) (January 29, 1825 - February 10, 1911) was the mother of outlaws Frank James and Jesse James. ... Dr. Reuben Samuel (12 January 1828 - 1 March 1908) Was the stepfather of American Outlaws Frank James and Jesse James. ... Year 1855 (MDCCCLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... For other people named Frank James, see Frank James (disambiguation). ...


The approach of the American Civil War overshadowed the James-Samuel household. Missouri was a border state between the North and South, but Clay County lay in a region of Missouri later dubbed "Little Dixie", where slaveholding and Southern identity were stronger than in other areas. It had been settled chiefly by migrants from the Upper South who brought their cultural practices, including slaveholding, with them. Robert James owned six slaves; after his death, Zerelda and Reuben Samuel acquired a total of seven slaves who raised tobacco on the farm. Clay County became the scene of great turmoil after the passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Act in 1854, when the question of whether slavery would be expanded into the neighboring Kansas Territory dominated public life. Much of the tension that led up to the American Civil War centered on the violence that erupted in nearby Kansas between pro- and anti-slavery militias.[4] Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total... Shredded tobacco leaf for pipe smoking Tobacco can also be pressed into plugs and sliced into flakes Tobacco is an agricultural product processed from the fresh leaves of plants in the genus Nicotiana. ... This 1856 map shows slave states (grey), free states (red), and US territories (green) with Kansas in center (white). ... 1854 (MDCCCLIV) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Slave redirects here. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ...


Civil War

The Civil War ripped Missouri apart, and shaped the life of Jesse James. Guerrilla warfare gripped the state after a series of campaigns and battles between conventional armies in 1861, waged between secessionist "bushwhackers" and Union forces, which largely consisted of local militia organizations. A bitter conflict ensued, bringing an escalating cycle of atrocities by both sides. Guerrillas murdered civilian Unionists, executed prisoners, and scalped the dead. Union forces enforced martial law with raids on homes, arrests of civilians, summary executions, and banishment of Confederate sympathizers.[5] Guerilla may refer to Guerrilla warfare. ... Year 1861 (MDCCCLXI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... The 21st Michigan Infantry, a company of Shermans veterans. ... Lebanese Kataeb militia The term Militia is commonly used today to refer to a military force composed of ordinary [1] citizens to provide defense, emergency, law enforcement, or paramilitary service, and those engaged in such activity, without being paid a regular salary or committed to a fixed term of service. ... The scalp is the anatomical area bordered by the face anteriorly and the neck to the sides and posteriorly. ... Battlespace Weapons Tactics Strategy Organization Logistics Lists War Portal         For other uses, see Martial law (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Raid. ... Execution is a synonym for the actioning of something, of putting something into effect. ... See Exile (disambiguation) for other meanings. ... Motto Deo Vindice (Latin: Under God, Our Vindicator) Anthem (none official) God Save the South (unofficial) The Bonnie Blue Flag (unofficial) Dixie (unofficial)  States that seceded under CSA control  States and territories claimed by CSA without formal secession and/or control Capital Montgomery, Alabama (until May 29, 1861) Richmond, Virginia...


The Daniel Goldman family took the Confederate side at the outset of the war. Frank James joined a local company recruited for the secessionist Missouri State Guard, and fought at the battle of Wilson's Creek, though he fell ill and returned home soon afterward. In 1863, he was identified as a member of a guerrilla squad that operated in Clay County. In May of that year, a Union militia company raided the James-Samuel farm, looking for Frank's group. They tortured Reuben Samuel by briefly hanging him from a tree, and according to legend beat the young Jesse. Frank escaped. He is believed to have joined the guerrilla organization led by William C. Quantrill, and to have taken part in the notorious massacre of some 200 men and boys in Lawrence, Kansas. Contrary to legend, there is no evidence that Jesse ever rode with Quantrill's Raiders, as they would later be known.[6] The Missouri State Guard (MSG) was a state militia unit organized in the state of Missouri during the early days of the American Civil War. ... Year 1863 (MDCCCLXIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... For other uses, see Torture (disambiguation). ... William Clark Quantrill of Quantrills Raiders William Clarke Quantrill (July 31, 1837 – June 6, 1865), was a Confederate guerrilla leader during the American Civil War. ... Combatants United States of America Confederate States of America Commanders No Union commander William C. Quantrill Strength Lawrence Union Militia, Unknown number Redlegs, 21 U.S. soldiers 14th Kansas Infantry Regt, 20 2nd Kansas Colored Infantry Regt Quantrill’s Raiders and other guerrillas (400) Casualties 164 40 The Lawrence Massacre... Quantrills Raiders were a loosely organized force of pro-Confederate bushwhackers who fought under the leadership of William Clarke Quantrill. ...


Frank followed Quantrill to Texas over the winter of 1863–4, and returned in the spring in a squad commanded by Fletch Taylor. When they arrived in Clay County, 16-year-old Jesse joined them. In the summer of 1864, Taylor was severely wounded, losing his right arm to a shotgun blast. Frank and Jesse joined the bushwhacker group led by Bloody Bill Anderson. Jesse suffered a serious wound to the chest that summer, but the Clay County provost marshal reported that both Frank and Jesse took part in the Centralia Massacre in September, in which they shot and killed some 22 unarmed Union troops, scalping and dismembering some of the dead. The guerrillas ambushed and defeated a pursuing regiment of federal troops, killing all who tried to surrender. As a result of the James brothers' activities, their family was exiled from the state of Missouri by the Union military authorities. Anderson was killed in an ambush in October. Frank followed Quantrill into Kentucky; Jesse went to Texas under the command of one of Anderson's lieutenants, Archie Clement, and returned to Missouri in the spring. Contrary to legend, Jesse James was not shot while trying to surrender; rather, as biographer Ted P. Yeatman shows, he and Clement were still trying to decide on what course to follow after the Confederate surrender when they ran into a Union cavalry patrol, and Jesse suffered a life-threatening chest wound.[7] For other uses, see Texas (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Shotgun (disambiguation). ... William T. Anderson William T. Anderson a. ... Male Chest The chest is a part of the anatomy of humans and various other animals. ... For other uses, see Centralia Massacre. ... An ambush is a long established military tactic in which an ambushing force uses concealment to attack an enemy that passes its position. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Frankfort Largest city Louisville Area  Ranked 37th  - Total 40,444 sq mi (104,749 km²)  - Width 140 miles (225 km)  - Length 379 miles (610 km)  - % water 1. ... Archie Clement a. ... Not to be confused with Golgotha, which was called Calvary. ...


Jesse's father came from Avenham in Preston, Lancashire, England


After the Civil War

Jesse and Frank James, 1872
Clay County Savings in Liberty
Clay County Savings in Liberty

The end of the Civil War left Missouri in shambles. The conflict split the population into three bitterly opposed factions: antislavery radical Unionists, who became the Republican Party; the proslavery conservative Unionists, who became the Democratic Party; and the secessionists. The radicals had pushed through a new state constitution that freed Missouri's slaves but temporarily excluded the former Confederates from voting, serving on juries, becoming corporate officers, or preaching from church pulpits. The atmosphere was volatile, with widespread violence between individuals, armed gangs of radicals, and those bushwhackers who remained under arms.[8] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... For other people named Frank James, see Frank James (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 478 pixel Image in higher resolution (2503 × 1497 pixel, file size: 4. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 478 pixel Image in higher resolution (2503 × 1497 pixel, file size: 4. ... GOP redirects here. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic...


Jesse, bedridden with his chest wound, was tended to by his first cousin, Zerelda "Zee" Mimms, named after his own mother, who remained in exile in Nebraska until August 1865. Jesse and Zee began a prolonged courtship, leading to their marriage nine years later. Meanwhile, Jesse's commander, Archie Clement, kept his bushwhacker gang together, and began to harass radical authorities. These men were the likely culprits in the first armed bank robbery in the United States in peacetime, holding up the Clay County Savings Association in the town of Liberty, Missouri, on February 13, 1866. As biographer T. J. Stiles shows, this bank was owned by Republican former militia officers, who had recently conducted the first Republican Party rally in Clay County's history. One innocent bystander, a student of William Jewell College, was shot dead on the street during the gang's escape. It remains unclear whether Jesse and Frank James took part; it has been argued that Jesse remained bedridden with his wound, and no concrete evidence has surfaced to connect either brother to the crime. Archie Clement, however, continued his career of crime and harassment of the Republican government, to the extent of occupying the town of Lexington, Missouri, on election day in 1866. The state militia shot Clement dead shortly afterward, an event that Jesse wrote about with bitterness a decade later.[9] Zeralda Mimms James born Zeralda Amanda Mimms (21 July 1845 - 13 November 1900) was the first cousin and wife of Jesse James. ... For other uses, see Nebraska (disambiguation). ... Year 1865 (MDCCLXV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Archie Clement a. ... Liberty is a city in Clay County, Missouri. ... is the 44th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1866 (MDCCCLXVI) is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... William Jewell College is a private, four-year liberal arts college of 1,274 undergraduate students located in Liberty, Missouri, U.S. It was founded in 1849 by members of the Missouri Baptist Convention and other civic leaders which included Robert James, a Baptist minister and father of the infamous... Archie Clement a. ... Lexington is a city located in Lafayette County, Missouri, United States. ...


The survivors of Clement's gang continued to conduct bank robberies over the next two years, though their numbers dwindled through arrests, gunfights, and lynchings. On May 23, 1867, for example, they robbed a bank in Richmond, Missouri in which they killed the town's mayor and two others. [10]. It remains uncertain whether either of the James brothers took part. In 1868, Frank and Jesse James allegedly joined Cole Younger in robbing a bank at Russellville, Kentucky. Jesse did not become famous, however, until December 1869, when he and (most likely) Frank robbed the Daviess County Savings Association in Gallatin, Missouri. The robbery netted little, but Jesse (it appears) shot and killed the cashier, mistakenly believing the man to be Samuel P. Cox, the militia officer who killed "Bloody Bill" Anderson during the Civil War. James's self-proclaimed attempt at revenge, and the daring escape he and Frank made through the middle of a posse shortly afterward, put his name in the newspapers for the first time.[11] Richmond is a city located in Ray County, Missouri. ... Year 1868 (MDCCCLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... A wounded Cole Younger, after his arrest in 1876 Cole Younger as a younger man Thomas Coleman Younger (January 15, 1844 – March 21, 1916) was a famous Confederate guerrilla and an outlaw after the American Civil War. ... Russellville is a city located in Logan County, Kentucky. ... Gallatin is the name of some places in the United States of America: Gallatin, Missouri Gallatin, New York Gallatin, Tennessee Gallatin, Texas See also: Albert Gallatin This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Lebanese Kataeb militia The term Militia is commonly used today to refer to a military force composed of ordinary [1] citizens to provide defense, emergency, law enforcement, or paramilitary service, and those engaged in such activity, without being paid a regular salary or committed to a fixed term of service. ... William T. Anderson William T. Anderson a. ...


The robbery marked Jesse James's emergence as the most famous of the former guerrillas turned outlaw. It started an alliance with John Newman Edwards, a Kansas City Times editor who was campaigning to return former Confederates to power in Missouri. Edwards published Jesse's letters and made him into a symbol of Confederate defiance of Reconstruction through his elaborate editorials and favorable reporting. He also reported false information to throw law enforcement off the bandits' trail. Jesse James's own role in creating his rising public profile is debated by historians and biographers, though politics certainly surrounded his outlaw career and enhanced his notoriety.[12] Major John Newman Edwards, CSA, (January 4, 1839–May 4, 1889) was General Joseph O. Shelby’s adjutant, an author, a journalist and the founder of the Kansas City Times. ... The Kansas City Times was a morning newspaper in Kansas City, Missouri, from 1867 to 1990. ... For other uses, see Reconstruction (disambiguation). ...


Meanwhile, the James brothers, along with Cole Younger and his brothers John, Jim, and Bob; Clell Miller, and other former Confederates—now constituting the James-Younger Gang—continued a remarkable string of robberies from Iowa to Texas, and from Kansas to West Virginia. They robbed banks, stagecoaches, and a fair in Kansas City, often in front of large crowds, even hamming it up for the bystanders. In 1873, they turned to train robbery, derailing the Rock Island train in Adair, Iowa. Their later train robberies had a lighter touch—in fact only twice in all of Jesse James's train hold-ups did he rob passengers, because he typically limited himself to the express safe in the baggage car. Such techniques fostered the Robin Hood image that Edwards was creating in his newspapers. This article is about the U.S. state. ... For other uses, see Texas (disambiguation). ... Official language(s) none (de facto English) Demonym West Virginian Capital Charleston Largest city Charleston Largest metro area Charleston metro area Area  Ranked 41st in the US  - Total 24,230 sq mi (62,755 km²)  - Width 130 miles (210 km)  - Length 240 miles (385 km)  - % water 0. ... Nickname: Location in Jackson, Clay, Platte, and Cass Counties in the state of Missouri. ... 1873 (MDCCCLXXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Train robbery was a crime that occurred mainly in the middle-to-late 19th century. ... The Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad (AAR reporting mark RI) was a Class I railroad in the United States. ... Adair is a city located in Adair County, Iowa. ... For other uses, see Robin Hood (disambiguation). ...


Pinkertons

The Adams Express Company turned to the Pinkerton National Detective Agency in 1874 to stop the James-Younger Gang. The Chicago-based agency worked primarily against urban professional criminals, and provided industrial security and broke strikes. The former guerrillas were supported by many former Confederates in Missouri and proved to be too much for them. One agent (Joseph Whicher) was dispatched to infiltrate Zerelda Samuel's farm and turned up dead shortly afterward. Two others, Louis J. Lull and John Boyle, were sent after the Youngers; Lull was killed by two of the Youngers in a roadside gunfight on March 17, 1874, though he killed John Younger before he died. A deputy sheriff named Edwin Daniels was also killed in the skirmish.[13] In 1839, Alvin Adams, a produce merchant ruined by the Panic of 1837, began carrying letters, small packages and valuables for patrons between Boston and Worcester, Massachusetts. ... Pinkerton guards escort strikebreakers in Buchtel, Ohio, 1884 The Pinkerton National Detective Agency was a private U.S. security guard and detective agency established by Allan Pinkerton in 1850. ... Year 1874 (MDCCCLXXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link with display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... is the 76th day of the year (77th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1874 (MDCCCLXXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link with display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... John Younger John Harrison Younger (1851-March 17, 1874) Was an American outlaw, he was the brother of outlaws Cole, Jim and Bob. ...


Allan Pinkerton, the agency's founder and leader, took on the case as a personal vendetta, working with former Unionists who lived near the James' family farm. He staged a raid on the homestead on the night of January 25, 1875. An incendiary device was thrown inside by the detectives; it exploded, killing James's young half-brother Archie (named for Archie Clement) and blowing off one of the arms of James's mother. Afterward, Pinkerton denied that the raid's intent was arson, though biographer Ted Yeatman located a letter by Pinkerton in the Library of Congress, in which Pinkerton declared his intention to "burn the house down."[14] Portrait of Allan Pinkerton from Harpers Weekly, 1884 Allan Pinkerton (August 25, 1819 – July 1, 1884) was a U.S. detective and spy, best known for creating the Pinkerton Agency, the first detective agency of the United States. ... is the 25th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1875 (MDCCCLXXV) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ...


The bloody fiasco did more than all of Edwards's columns to turn Jesse James into a sympathetic figure for much of the public. A bill that lavishly praised the James and Younger brothers and offered them amnesty was only narrowly defeated in the state legislature. Former Confederates, allowed to vote and hold office again, voted a limit on reward offers that the governor could make for fugitives, extending a measure of protection over the James-Younger gang. (Only Frank and Jesse James previously had been singled out for rewards larger than the new limit.)[15] Look up Amnesty in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Downfall of the Gang

Jesse and his cousin Zee married on April 24, 1874, and had two children who survived to adulthood: Jesse James, Jr. (b. 1875) and Mary Susan James (b. 1879). Twins Gould and Montgomery James (b. 1878) died in infancy. His surviving son, Jesse, Jr., became a lawyer and spent his career as a respected member of the bar in Kansas City, Missouri. Zeralda Mimms James born Zeralda Amanda Mimms (21 July 1845 - 13 November 1900) was the first cousin and wife of Jesse James. ... is the 114th day of the year (115th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1874 (MDCCCLXXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link with display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Jesse Edwards James (31 August 1875 - 26 March 1951), commonly known as Tim, was the only surviving son of American outlaw Jesse Woodson James. ... 1875 (MDCCCLXXV) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Mary James Barr born Mary Jane Susan James (17 June 1879 - 11 October 1935) Was the only daughter of American outlaw Jesse James, and his wife Zee James. ... Year 1879 (MDCCCLXXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... 1878 (MDCCCLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ...


On September 7, 1876, the James-Younger gang attempted their most daring raid to date, on the First National Bank of Northfield, Minnesota. Cole and Bob Younger later stated that they selected the bank because of its connection to two Union generals and Republican politicians: Adelbert Ames, the governor of Mississippi during Reconstruction, and Benjamin Butler, Ames's father-in-law and the Union commander of occupied New Orleans. As it turns out, Ames was a stockholder in the bank, but Butler had no direct connection to it.[16] is the 250th day of the year (251st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1876 (MDCCCLXXVI) // January 31 - United States orders all Indigenous peoples in the United States to move onto reservations February 2 - The National League of Professional Baseball Clubs of Major League Baseball is formed. ... First National Bank is the name of many current and former banks. ... Northfield is a city in Rice County, Minnesota. ... Adelbert Ames (October 31, 1835 – April 12, 1933) was a Union general in the American Civil War, a Mississippi politician, and a general in the Spanish-American War. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Benjamin Franklin Butler (1795–1858) was a U.S. lawyer. ... NOLA redirects here. ...


The gang divided into two groups. Three men entered the bank, two guarded the door outside, and three remained near a bridge across an adjacent square. The robbers inside the bank were thwarted when acting cashier Joseph Lee Heywood refused to open the safe, falsely claiming that it was secured by a time lock even as they held a bowie knife to his throat and cracked his skull with a pistol butt. Assistant cashier Alonzo Enos Bunker was wounded in the shoulder as he fled out the back door of the bank. Meanwhile, the citizens of Northfield grew suspicious of the men guarding the door and raised the alarm. The five bandits outside fired in the air to clear the streets, which merely drove the townspeople to take cover and fire back from protected positions. Two bandits were shot dead and the rest were wounded in the barrage. Inside, the outlaws turned to flee. As they left, one shot the unarmed Heywood in the head. The identity of the shooter has been the subject of extensive speculation and debate, but remains uncertain. Joseph Lee Heywood (August 12, 1837 - September 7, 1876) was head teller at the First National Bank of Northfield, Minnesota at the time of its attempted robbery by Jesse James and his gang of outlaws. ... A time lock is a locking mechanism commonly found in bank vaults and other high-security containers. ... A typical bowie knife, with its hallmark large blade and unique shape. ... For other uses, see Throat (disambiguation). ... For other uses of Skull, see Skull (disambiguation). ...


The gang barely escaped Northfield, leaving their two dead companions behind, along with two innocent victims (Heywood and a Swedish immigrant from the Millersburg community west of Northfield named Nicholas Gustafson). A massive manhunt ensued. The James brothers eventually split from the others and escaped to Missouri. The Youngers and one other bandit, Charlie Pitts, were soon discovered. A brisk gunfight left Pitts dead and the Youngers all prisoners. The James-Younger Gang was destroyed, except for Frank and Jesse James.[17]


In 1876, Jesse and Frank surfaced in the Nashville, Tennessee area, where they went by the names of Thomas Howard and B. J. Woodson, respectively. Frank seemed to settle down, but Jesse remained restless. He recruited a new gang in 1879 and returned to crime, holding up a train at Glendale, Missouri, on October 8, 1879. The robbery began a spree of crimes, including the hold-up of the federal paymaster of a canal project in Muscle Shoals, Alabama, and two more train robberies. But the new gang did not consist of old, battle-hardened guerrillas; they soon turned against each other or were captured, while James grew paranoid, killing one gang member and frightening away another. The authorities grew suspicious, and by 1881 the brothers were forced to return to Missouri. In December, Jesse rented a house in Saint Joseph, Missouri, not far from where he had been born and raised. Frank, however, decided to move to safer territory, heading east to Virginia.[18] Nashville redirects here. ... Glendale is a city located in St. ... is the 281st day of the year (282nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1879 (MDCCCLXXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Muscle Shoals is a city famous for its music and contributions to American popular music, in Colbert County, Alabama, USA. As of the 2000 census, the population of the city is 11,924, and is included in The Shoals MSA. // Muscle Shoals is located at (34. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ...


Death

Jesse James's home in St. Joseph where he was shot
Jesse James's home in St. Joseph where he was shot

With his gang depleted by arrests, deaths, and defections, Jesse James thought that he had only two men left whom he could trust: brothers Robert and Charley Ford. Charley had been out on raids with Jesse before, but Bob was an eager new recruit. To better protect himself, Jesse asked the Ford brothers to move in with him and his family. Little did he know that Bob Ford had been conducting secret negotiations with Thomas T. Crittenden, the Missouri governor, to bring in the famous outlaw. Crittenden had made capture of the James brothers his top priority; in his inaugural address he declared that no political motives could be allowed to keep them from justice. Barred by law from offering a sufficiently large reward, he had turned to the railroad and express corporations to put up a $10,000 bounty for each of them. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1632x850, 239 KB) Summary Jesse James home where he was shot in St. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1632x850, 239 KB) Summary Jesse James home where he was shot in St. ... Robert Ford in an undated photograph with the weapon he used to kill Jesse James. ... Thomas Theodore Crittenden (January 1, 1832–May 29, 1909) was a U.S. army officer and political figure. ...


On April 3, 1882, after eating breakfast, the Fords and James prepared for departure for another robbery, going in and out of the house to prepare the horses. It was an unusually hot day. James removed his coat, then declared that he should remove his fire arms as well, lest he look suspicious. James noticed a dusty picture on the wall and stood on a chair to clean it. Robert Ford took advantage of the opportunity, and shot James in the back of the head.[19]


The murder of Jesse James was a national sensation. The Fords made no attempt to hide their role. Indeed, Robert Ford wired the governor to claim his reward. Crowds pressed into the little house in St. Joseph to see the dead bandit, even while the Ford brothers surrendered to the authorities—but they were dismayed to find that they were charged with first degree murder. The Ford brothers were tried and convicted. They were sentenced to death by hanging, but within two hours, each was granted a full pardon by the Governor of Missouri.


The governor's quick pardon suggested that he may have been aware that the brothers intended to kill, rather than capture, Jesse James. (The Ford brothers, like many who knew James, never believed that it was practical to try to capture such a dangerous man.) The implication that the chief executive of Missouri conspired to kill a private citizen startled the public and helped to create a new legend around James.[20]


The Fords received a portion of the reward and fled Missouri. (Some of the bounty went to law enforcement officials who were active in the plan.) James' mother Zerelda Samuel appeared deeply anguished at the coroner’s inquest and loudly denounced Dick Liddil, a former gang member, for cooperating with state authorities. For the thrash metal band, see Coroner (band). ...


Charley Ford committed suicide in May 1884. Bob Ford was killed by a shotgun blast to the throat in his tent saloon in Creede, Colorado, on June 8, 1892. His killer, Edward Capehart O'Kelley, was sentenced to life in prison. O'Kelley's sentence was commuted because of a medical condition, and he was released on October 3, 1902.[21] Creede is a town located in Mineral County, Colorado. ... is the 159th day of the year (160th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1892 (MDCCCXCII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Edward Capehart OKelley (1858 - January 13, 1904) will forever be remembered as the man who shot the man who shot Jesse James. ... is the 276th day of the year (277th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1902 (MCMII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


Zerelda Samuel selected an epitaph for Jesse James that stated: In Loving Memory of my Beloved Son, Murdered by a Traitor and Coward Whose Name is not Worthy to Appear Here.


Rumors of survival

Rumors of Jesse James's survival proliferated almost as soon as the newspapers announced his death. Some said that Robert Ford killed someone other than James, in an elaborate plot to allow him to escape justice. These tales received little credence, then or now. None of James's biographers has accepted them as plausible. James's widow Zee died alone and in poverty. The body buried in Missouri as Jesse James was exhumed in 1995 and tested for DNA. The report, prepared by Anne C. Stone, Ph.D., James E. Starrs, L.L.M., and Mark Stoneking , Ph.D., stated the remains were consistent with the DNA of Jesse James's relatives.[22]


Legacy

During his lifetime, Jesse James was celebrated chiefly by former Confederates, to whom he appealed directly in his letters to the press. Indeed, some historians credit him with contributing to the rise of Confederates to dominance in Missouri politics (by the 1880s, for example, both U.S. Senators from the state had been identified with the Confederate cause). His return to crime after the end of Reconstruction helped cement his place in American memory as a simple but remarkably effective bandit. During the Populist and Progressive eras, he emerged as America's Robin Hood, standing up against corporations in defense of the small farmer. This outlaw image is still seen in films, as well as songs and folklore. He remains a controversial symbol in the cultural battles over the place of the Civil War in American history. Not surprisingly, the neo-Confederate movement regards him as a hero.[23] Type Upper House President of the Senate Richard B. Cheney, R since January 20, 2001 President pro tempore Robert C. Byrd, D since January 4, 2007 Members 100 Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party Last elections November 7, 2006 Meeting place Senate Chamber United States Capitol Washington, DC United States... Populism is a political ideology or rhetorical style that holds that the common person is oppressed by the elite in society, which exists only to serve its own interests, and therefore, the instruments of the State need to be grasped from this self-serving elite and instead used for the... In the United States, the Progressive Era was a period of reform which lasted from the 1890s to the 1920s. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ...


Popular culture

A dime novel featuring Jesse James.
A dime novel featuring Jesse James.

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (626x803, 162 KB) Summary A dime novel featuring Jesse James. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (626x803, 162 KB) Summary A dime novel featuring Jesse James. ... An example of the original dime novel series, circa 1860. ...

Festivals

The Defeat of the Jesse James Gang. The festival is among the largest outdoor celebrations in Minnesota. Thousands of visitors witness reenactments of the robbery, watch championship rodeo, enjoy a carnival, watch the parade, explore arts and crafts expositions, and attend musical performances. For other uses, see Festival (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Rodeo (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Carnival (disambiguation). ... United States Marines on parade. ...


During the Jersey County (Illinois) Victorian Festival [2] that centers around the 1866 Col. William H. Fulkerson estate "Hazel Dell", Jesse James history is brought to life by storytelling and through reenactments of stagecoach holdups. Over the three-day event, thousands of spectators learn of the documented James Gang's stopping point at Hazel Dell, and of the connection between ex-Confederates Fulkerson and Jesse James. Historical Civil War reenactments, arts and crafts, and music all compose this family-oriented event, one of the largest historical festivals in the Midwest, held every Labor Day Weekend in Jerseyville, Illinois. Stagecoach in Switzerland A stagecoach is a type of four-wheeled enclosed passenger and/or mail coach, strongly sprung and drawn by four horses, widely used before the introduction of railway transport. ...


Jesse's birthplace, boyhood home, and final resting place of Kearney, Missouri, also celebrates the life of its most famous resident. Each year, during the 3rd weekend in September, the Jesse James Festival is in full swing at the Jesse James Festival Grounds. A carnival, parade, rodeo, historic re-enactments, a Teen Dance, and a Barbecue Cook-off are all part of the festival. [3]


In Russellville, Ky., - the site of the robbery of the Southern Bank in 1868 - is home to the Jesse James International Arts and Film Festival, the Logan Arts Council's answer to bring additional arts and culture to the southern Kentucky hamlet, one of the most historic towns in the commonwealth. The JJIAFF completed its second annual event in April 2008 and the third annual is planned for April 25, 2009. The festival has featured surreal bluegrass from San Francisco, experimental bands from southern Kentucky, as well as painters, sculptors, photographers and comic artists. Children's activities are a large part of the festival, but one of the highlights is the film festival held at the Logan County Public Library in Russellville. Past entrants have included horror films from Norway, a haunting film from northwestern Kentucky, modern silent film projects, nature studies and fan films dedicated to Power Girl and other superheroes.


Additional, the annual Tobacco and Heritage Festival in Russellville - which serves as a massive homecoming for Logan Countians around the world each October - features a reenactment of the James-Younger Gang's robbery of the Southern Bank, which today is used a residence. Great efforts have been put into preserving the historic structure on South Main Street and James remains a popular and interesting pasttime for locals. Logan County has been somewhat remiss in its embrace of the Jesse James connection to the community, but efforts are underway to further educate the community and help it appreciate its connection to America's most-famous outlaw.


In comics

The popular Belgian comics series Lucky Luke is set in the American Old West, though the emphasis is on humor. In 1969, artist Morris and writer René Goscinny (co-creator of Asterix) had the titular hero and crimefighter confronting Jesse James, his brother Frank and Cole Younger. The adventure poked fun at the image of Jesse as a new Robin Hood. Although he passes himself off as such and does indeed steal from the rich (who are, logically, the only ones worth stealing from), he and his gang take turns being "poor", thus keeping the loot for themselves. Frank is always quoting from Shakespeare, and Younger is portrayed as a fun-loving joker, full of good humour. One critic has likened this version of the James brothers as "intellectuals bandits, who won't stop theorising their outlaw activities and hear themselves talk". [24] In the end, the people of a town actually fight back against the James gang and send them packing in tar and feathers. Belgian comics are a distinct subgroup in the comics history, and played a major role in the development of European comics. ... This article is about the comic book and TV series. ... The cowboy, the quintessential symbol of the American Old West, circa 1887. ... Maurice de Bevere (December 1, 1923 - July 16, 2001), better known as Morris, was a Belgian cartoonist and the creator of Lucky Luke. ... René Goscinny (August 14, 1926 – November 5, 1977) was a French author, editor and humorist, who is best known for the comic book Astérix, which he created with illustrator Albert Uderzo, and for his work on the early issues of the comic book series Lucky Luke with Morris. ... This article is about the comic book series. ... For other uses, see Robin Hood (disambiguation). ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Tarring and feathering is a physical punishment, at least as old as the Crusades, used to enforce formal justice in feudal Europe and informal justice in Europe and its colonies in the early modern period, as well as the early American frontier, mostly as a type of mob vengeance (compare...


Another Belgian comic series, Les Tuniques Bleues ("The Blue Coats"), is set during the American Civil War. Again the emphasis is on humour, though there is also a good deal of drama. An adventure published in 1994 had the main protagonists, Sergeant Cornelius Chesterfield and Corporal Blutch of the Union Army, confronting the infamous William Quantrill and his henchmen Jesse and Frank James. Les Tuniques Bleues, literally blue uniforms, refers to the Northern army during the Civil War in the U.S. This series of Bandes Dessinees (comic books in the Franco-Belgian tradition) follows two cavalrymen through a series of battles and adventures. ... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total... The 21st Michigan Infantry, a company of Shermans veterans. ... William Clark Quantrill of Quantrills Raiders William Clarke Quantrill (July 31, 1837 – June 6, 1865), was a Confederate guerrilla leader during the American Civil War. ...


Music and literature

Main article: Jesse James in music

Jesse James has been the subject of many songs, books, articles and movies throughout the years. Jesse is often used as a fictional character in many Western novels, including some that were published while he was alive. For instance, in Willa Cather's My Antonia, the narrator reads a book entitled 'Life of Jesse James' - probably a dime novel. The historical figure of Jesse James became the basis of a hero of folklore even before he died in 1882. ... A fictional character is any person, persona, identity, or entity whose existence originates from a work of fiction. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Wilella Sibert Cather (December 7, 1873[1] – April 24, 1947) is an eminent author from the United States. ... My Ántonia is considered the greatest novel by American writer Willa Cather. ...


In 1974 the Off-Broadway musical "Diamond Studs", based on the life and times of Jesse James, was produced in New York City. The musical was created by Jim Wann and Bland Simpson.


Bluesman John Lee Hooker recorded a song called "I'm Bad Like Jesse James". John Lee Hooker (August 22, 1917 – June 21, 2001) was an influential American post-war blues singer, guitarist, and songwriter born in Coahoma County near Clarksdale, Mississippi. ...


In his worshipful adaptation of the traditional song "Jesse James", Woody Guthrie magnified James's hero status. Guthrie borrowed the tune for his outlaw hero ballad "Jesus Christ". "Jesse James" was later covered by the Irish band The Pogues on their 1985 album Rum, Sodomy, and the Lash, and by Bruce Springsteen on his 2006 tribute to Pete Seeger, We Shall Overcome: The Seeger Sessions. Woodrow Wilson Guthrie (July 14, 1912–October 3, 1967) was a prolific American songwriter and folk musician. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... The Pogues are a band of mixed Irish and English background, playing traditional Irish folk with influences from the English punk rock movement. ... Rum, Sodomy, and the Lash is the second album by The Pogues, released in 1985. ... Springsteen redirects here. ... We Shall Overcome is a protest song that became a key anthem of the US civil rights movement. ...


A somewhat different song titled "Jesse James," referring to Jesse's "wife to mourn for his life; three children, they were brave," and calling Robert Ford "the dirty little coward who shot Mr. Howard," was also the first track recorded by the "Stewart Years" version of the Kingston Trio at their initial recording session in 1961 (and included on that year's release "Close-Up"). The Kingston Trio is an American folk group, perhaps the single most prominent one. ...


Echoing the Confederate hero aspect, Hank Williams, Jr.'s 1983 Southern anthem "Whole Lot Of Hank" has the lyrics "Frank and Jesse James knowed how to rob them trains, they always took it from the rich and gave it to the poor, they might have had a bad name but they sure had a heart of gold." This article is about Hank Williams, Jr. ...


In the song "Apache" by The Sugarhill Gang, Big Bank Hank mentions Jesse James in the first verse with the lines: "My Tribe went down in the hall of fame // Cause I'm the one who shot Jesse James " "I Feel Like a Bullet (In the Gun of Robert Ford)" from Elton John's 1975 album, "Rock of the Westies," refers to Bob Ford, the killer of Jesse James. Apache was a popular 1960 instrumental song written by Jerry Lordan and recorded by British group The Shadows. ... The Sugarhill Gang is an American hip hop group, known mostly for one hit, Rappers Delight, the first hip hop single to become a Top 40 hit. ...


In his 1976 song "Poor Poor Pitiful Me", Warren Zevon wrote "she really worked me over good, just like Jesse James". The next year, when Linda Ronstadt covered the song, she changed the gender to "he really worked me over good, just like Jesse James". The 1976 self-titled album Warren Zevon also included the song "Frank and Jesse James", a romantic tribute to the James Gang's exploits, expressing much sympathy with their "cause". Its wry lyrics encapsulate the many legends that grew up around the life and death of Jesse James. Warren William Zevon (January 24, 1947 – September 7, 2003) was an American rock and roll musician and songwriter. ... Linda Marie Ronstadt (born July 15, 1946 in Tucson, Arizona) is an American popular vocalist and entertainer who has earned multiple Grammy Awards, an Emmy Award, numerous certified gold, platinum and multiplatinum albums, and Tony Award and Golden Globe nominations. ... Warren Zevon is a rock and roll album by Warren Zevon. ...


In The Magnetic Fields song "Two Characters In Search of a Country Song," Stephin Merritt sings, "You were Jesse James, I was William Tell." The Magnetic Fields is a band led by the New York City singer-songwriter Stephin Merritt. ...


Jesse James is mentioned in the song "It's Pretty Hard To Beat The King" by the band Drop Dead, Gorgeous. "They call me Jesse James and I own the night life. I drift from town to town across the nation. Praise the lord, lock and load boys. We go down, we go down, we go down together." Drop Dead, Gorgeous is a six-member post hardcore band from Denver, Colorado. ...


A reference to the circumstance in which Jesse James died was made in the second stanza of Bob Dylan's "Outlaw Blues," released in 1965 on the LP Bringing It All Back Home. Bringing It All Back Home is Bob Dylans fifth studio album, released in 1965 by Columbia Records. ...


Jesse James is also mentioned in the lyrics of the worldwide hit "The Power", released by the rap-band Snap in 1990. "Radical mind day and night all the time, Seven to fourteen wise divine, Maniac brainiac winning the game, I'm the lyrical Jesse James". ...


In Johnny "Guitar" Watson's "Gangster Of Love" the lyrics begin, "Jesse James and Frank James, Billy [the] Kid, 'n' all the rest, supposed to be some bad cats, out there in the west. But when they dug me, and my gangster ways, they hung up their guns and made it to the grave, cuz I'm a Gangster of Love." Johnny Guitar Watson (February 3, 1935 - May 17, 1996) was an American musician whose long career influenced the development of blues, soul music, rhythm & blues, funk, rock music, and rap music. ...


In the Circle of Tyrants self titled album, the song "The Four Horsemen," Ill Bill's lyrics run "I'm like Jesse James, ride up on a pony and dump 6 in they face."


In her album Heart of Stone (1989), the singer Cher included a song titled "Just Like Jesse James", written by Diane Warren. This single, which was released in 1990, achieved high positions in the charts and 1,500,000 copies worldwide. Alternate cover Original album artwork Heart of Stone is the 20th studio album released in 1989 by Cher for Geffen Records. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... This article is about the entertainer. ... Just Like Jesse James is the third North American and second European official single release from American singer/actress Chers twenty-eighth album Heart of Stone and was written by Diane Warren. ... A collection of various CD singles In music, a single is a short recording of one or more separate tracks. ... This article is about the year. ... This is a discography for American pop, rock and dance entertainer Cher, as a solo artist. ...


Jesse James was also mentioned in the popular Toby Keith song "Should`ve Been a Cowboy." Toby Keith Covel (born July 8, 1961) is an American country music singer-songwriter who has enjoyed commercial success throughout the 1990s and 2000s. ...


In the CD All the Roadrunning by Mark Knopfler and Emmylou Harris, the song "Belle Starr" includes lines about Jesse James. All the Roadrunning is a collaborative album by Mark Knopfler and Emmylou Harris. ... Mark Freuder Knopfler OBE (born August 12, 1949, Glasgow, Scotland) is an English guitarist, singer, songwriter, and film score composer. ... Emmylou Harris (born April 2, 1947, Birmingham, Alabama) is a country, folk, alternative rock, and alternative country musician. ...


The Nitty Gritty Dirt Band's album Uncle Charlie and His Dog Teddy features the song "Jesse James," ostensibly recorded on a wire recorder. For other uses, see Nitty (disambiguation). ...


Jon Chandler has also written a song about Jesse and Frank James entitled "He Was No Hero," written from the perspective of Joe Hayward's widow cursing Bob Ford for cheating her out of killing Jesse James.


Jesse James also figures as a main character in an album of the same name of the Franco-Belgian comics series Lucky Luke, created by Morris. This article is about the comic book and TV series. ... Maurice de Bevere (December 1, 1923 - July 16, 2001), better known as Morris, was a Belgian cartoonist and the creator of Lucky Luke. ...


The Van Morrison song "Crazy Face" includes the lyric: "He polished up on his .38 and said,/"I got it from Jesse James."


The New Riders of the Purple Sage song, "Somebody Robbed the Glendale Train" does not mention Jesse James by name but depicts the Glendale, Missouri train robbery in 1879 by the Jesse, Frank and the Gang pretty closely. New Riders of the Purple Sage New Riders of the Purple Sage was a 1970s country rock band from Marin County, California. ...


Around 1980 a concept album titled The Legend of Jesse James was released. It was written by Paul Kennerley and starred Levon Helm (The Band) as Jesse James, Johnny Cash as Frank James, Emmylou Harris as Zeralda James, Charlie Daniels as Cole Younger and Albert Lee as Jim Younger. There are also appearances by Rodney Crowell, Jody Payne, and Roseanne Cash. The album highlights Jesse's life from 1863 to his death in 1882. In 1999 a double CD was released containing The Legend Of Jesse James and White Mansions, another concept album by Kennerley about life in the Confederate States of America between 1861-1865. Interestingly, Kennerley was an Englishman. The Legend of Jesse James is a 1980 country music concept album by various artists singing songs by English songwriter Paul Kennerley, based on the story of American Old West outlaw Jesse James. ... Mark Lavon Helm (born May 26, 1940), better know as Levon Helm, is an American rock musician most famous as the drummer for the rock group The Band. ... For other uses, see Band. ... For the song of the same name, recorded by Tracy Byrd and later by Jason Aldean, see Johnny Cash (song). ... Emmylou Harris (born April 2, 1947, Birmingham, Alabama) is a country, folk, alternative rock, and alternative country musician. ... Charles Edward Charlie Daniels (born October 28, 1936 in Wilmington, North Carolina) is an American musician famous for his contributions to country and southern rock music. ...


Jesse James Bolero is also a track from Prefab Sprouts 90's album 'Jordan the comeback'


Films

There have been numerous portrayals of Jesse James in film and television.[25]

See also: 1920 in film 1921 1922 in film 1920s in film years in film film Events February 20 - The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse, starring Rudolph Valentino, premieres. ... Jesse Edwards James (31 August 1875 - 26 March 1951), commonly known as Tim, was the only surviving son of American outlaw Jesse Woodson James. ... See also: 1920 in film 1921 1922 in film 1920s in film years in film film Events February 20 - The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse, starring Rudolph Valentino, premieres. ... Jesse Edwards James (31 August 1875 - 26 March 1951), commonly known as Tim, was the only surviving son of American outlaw Jesse Woodson James. ... See also: 1926 in film 1927 1928 in film 1920s in film years in film film // Events January 10 - The film Metropolis by Fritz Lang premieres. ... Frederick Clifton Thomson (February 26, 1890–December 25, 1928) was an American silent film cowboy. ... The year 1939 in film involved some significant events. ... Jesse James is a 1939 western movie directed by Henry King and starring Tyrone Power and Henry Fonda. ... Tyrone Edmund Power, Jr. ... Henry Jaynes Fonda (May 16, 1905 – August 12, 1982) was a highly acclaimed Academy Award-winning American film and stage actor, best known for his roles as plain-speaking idealists. ... John Carradine (February 5, 1906 – November 27, 1988) was a Daytime Emmy Award-winning American actor, perhaps best known for his roles in horror films and Westerns. ... The year 1939 in film involved some significant events. ... Don Red Barry (January 11, 1912- July 17, 1980) was an American film actor who got his nickname Red after appearing in the highly successful Red Ryder film Adventures of Red Ryder (1940). ... The year 1941 in film involved some significant events. ... Dale Evans and Roy Rogers at the 61st Academy Awards Leonard Franklin Slye (November 5, 1911 – July 6, 1998), who became famous as Roy Rogers, was a singer and cowboy actor. ... The year 1947 in film involved some significant events. ... Jesse James Rides Again (1947) is a Republic Movie serial. ... Clayton Moore (September 14, 1914 - December 28, 1999) was an American actor best known for playing the fictional western character The Lone Ranger. ... See also: 1948 in film 1949 1950 in film 1940s in film 1950s in film years in film film Events Top grossing films North America Adams Rib Jolson Sings Again Pinky I Was a Male War Bride, The Snake Pit, Joan of Arc Academy Awards Best Picture: All the... I Shot Jesse James is a 1949 movie directed by Samuel Fuller about the murder of Jesse James by Robert Ford and Robert Fords life afterwards. ... Reed Hadley (June 25, 1911 – December 11, 1974) was an American movie, television and radio actor. ... The year 1950 in film involved some significant events. ... Also see: Audie Murphy legacy. ... The year 1957 in film involved some significant events. ... For other persons named Robert Wagner, see Robert Wagner (disambiguation). ... // Events Top grossing films North America Thunderball Dr. Zhivago Whos Afraid of Virginia Woolf? That Darn Cat! The Russians Are Coming, The Russians Are Coming Academy Awards Best Picture: A Man for All Seasons - Highland, Columbia Best Actor: Paul Scofield - A Man for All Seasons Best Actress: Elizabeth Taylor... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The year 1969 in film involved some significant events. ... Also see: Audie Murphy legacy. ... // Top grossing films The Godfather Fiddler on the Roof Diamonds Are Forever Whats Up, Doc?, starring Barbra Streisand and Ryan ONeal Dirty Harry The Last Picture Show A Clockwork Orange Cabaret, starring Liza Minnelli The Hospital Everything You Always Wanted to Know About Sex Academy Awards Best Picture... Robert Selden Duvall (born January 5, 1931) is an Academy Award-, two-time Emmy Award-, and four-time Golden Globe Award-winning American film actor and director. ... The year 1980 in film involved some significant events. ... The Long Riders is a Western, produced by James Keach, Stacy Keach and Tim Zinnemann, and directed by Walter Hill, which told part of the story of the Jesse James gang. ... James Keach born (December 7, 1947 in Savannah, Georgia) is an American actor, producer, and director. ... // April 12 - Actor Morgan Mason marries The Go-Gos Belinda Carlisle Actor Arnold Schwarzenegger marries television journalist Maria Shriver. ... Kristoffer Kris Kristofferson (born June 22, 1936) is an influential American country music songwriter, singer and actor. ... For the song of the same name, recorded by Tracy Byrd and later by Jason Aldean, see Johnny Cash (song). ... Willie Hugh Nelson (born April 30, 1933) is an American singer-songwriter and actor. ... The year 1994 in film involved some significant events. ... The civil war made them outlaws. ... For other persons named Robert Lowe, see Robert Lowe (disambiguation). ... The year 1999 in film involved some significant events. ... // An outlaw band led by Blackjack Britton and second man Gavin Guthrie (played by prison breaks Peter Stormare) flees a posse and rides into Refuge, a small town where no one carries a gun, drinks, or swears. ... J.D. Souther, born John David Souther on November 3, 1945 in Detroit, Michigan and raised in Amarillo, Texas, is a singer-songwriter country rock singer and actor. ... For the 1968 science-fiction film and novel, see 2001: A Space Odyssey The year 2001 in film involved some significant events. ... The references in this article would be clearer with a different and/or consistent style of citation, footnoting or external linking. ... Colin James Farrell (born May 31, 1976) is an Irish actor who has appeared in several high-profile Hollywood films including Daredevil, Miami Vice, Minority Report, Phone Booth, Alexander, In Bruges. ... The year 2005 in film involved some significant events. ... Dont Come Knocking is a 2005 film directed by Wim Wenders. ... Sam Shepard (born November 5, 1943) is a unique American artist whose talents have been expressed in many different areas. ... The year 2005 in film involved some significant events. ... Discovery HD is the international name of the high-definition television channels from Discovery Communications. ... 2007 has been referred to, by film and media critics, as the year of the threequels, a nickname referring to both the 2004 summer movie season and several film franchises which premiered or had installments released in 2004, which appear again this year: Spider-Man 3, Shrek the Third, Ocean... The Assassination of Jesse James by the Coward Robert Ford is a 2007 Western drama film adapted from Ron Hansens 1983 novel of the same name. ... William Bradley Brad Pitt (born December 18, 1963) is an Academy award-nominated American actor, film producer, and social activist. ... Casey Affleck (born August 12, 1975) is an American actor. ...

Television

  • In an episode of The Twilight Zone, "Showdown with Rance McGrew" (aired February 2, 1962). Jesse James is played by Arch Johnson and Bob Kline plays an actor playing Jesse James for TV.
  • The first season of the animated series Rocket Robin Hood (1966-1969), by Krantz Films Inc., contains the episode "Jesse James Rides Again."
  • In an episode of The Brady Bunch titled "Bobby's Hero" (aired February 2, 1973), Bobby upsets his parents and teachers when he decides to idolize Jesse James as a hero. His father locates an old man (played by Burt Mustin) whose father was murdered by Jesse James to talk to Bobby, who subsequently has nightmares of his own family being murdered by the criminal on a train in the Old West.
  • In the episode of Little House on the Prairie titled "The Aftermath" (aired November 7, 1977), Jesse (Dennis Rucker) and Frank James (John Bennett Perry) take refuge in Walnut Grove after a failed robbery attempt. The arrival of pursuing bounty hunters precipitates a civic crisis in the town, whose leaders are reluctant to turn the James brothers over to a group bent on summarily executing them. The crisis escalates radically when the James brothers take Mary Ingalls hostage. (This episode also suggests, contrary to history, that Bob Ford was a law-abiding citizen who harbored a desire for revenge for Jesse and Frank's murder of his brother during Quantrill's raid on Lawrence, Kansas.)
  • In a flashback episode of The Dukes of Hazzard titled "Go West, Young Dukes" (aired November 16, 1984), Bo's great-grandfather Joe, Luke's great-grandfather Hank, and Daisy's great-grandmother Dixie rescue Boss Hogg's great-grandfather Thaddeus and Rosco Coltrane's great-grandfather Rufus from Frank and Jesse James, whom Thaddeus had made the mistake of associating with in the first place to scheme against the Duke family.
  • In the Dukes of Hazzard episode titled "Repo Men" from 1979 (one of the opening episodes of the series), the episode ends with Jesse Duke making a wise crack to Bo and Luke. He said "well, justice has once again been served ... and it's like old Ed James said -- sometimes folks has got to fight for what they believe in." The boys look back at Jesse puzzled and ask "who's Ed James?" Jesse replies, "well, he had two nephews too -- FRANK AND JESSE!" The three of them chuckle and the show closes.
  • In the American Western series The Young Riders (1989-1992), Jesse James is portrayed by the late actor Christopher Pettiet. He appears in 17 episodes of the last season (91-92) as one of the Pony Express riders. In the show, this occurs before he becomes an outlaw.
  • In an episode of Lois & Clark: The New Adventures of Superman titled "Tempus Fugitive" (aired 26 March 1995), Superman (Clark Kent) goes back in time and meets Jesse James (played by Don Swayze).
  • In the fifth segment (titled "Mysterious Strangers") of episode 33 of Beyond Belief: Fact or Fiction? (aired June 27, 2002), Frank and Jesse James are out in a storm one night when they are taken in by a kind old woman who gives them soup and a bed for the night. She explains that she is getting evicted the next day as she can't afford to pay her rent. The next morning, Frank and Jesse leave the old woman $900 to cover her house, and a note telling her to make sure she gets a cash receipt. They are then seen robbing the bank manager of the money. The bank manager threatens to put a price on their heads and they respond: "We already got a price on our heads, you tell your friends, you just got robbed by Frank and Jesse James."
  • Jesse James appeared in Springfield's graveyard in the "Treehouse of Horror XIII" episode (aired November 3, 2002) of The Simpsons.
  • Jesse G. James of the TV Series Monster Garage (2002–2006) is a distant cousin of the outlaw.
  • PBS released a documentary on 6 February 2006 in its American Experience series dedicated to James (played by Mitchell McCann).
  • 2006: Jesse James: Outlaw Hero (documentary)
  • 2007: Jesse James: American Outlaw (History Channel documentary)
  • In the U.S. version of the Pokémon anime series, the characters Jessie and James are named after him.
  • In an episode of cartoon Beetlejuice a western outlaw is called "Jesse Germs".
  • According to creator Joss Whedon, the Firefly character Malcolm Reynolds is partially based on Jesse James.
  • In the 2007 feature film, The Assassination of Jesse James by the Coward Robert Ford staring Brad Pitt and Casey Affleck.

The Twilight Zone is a television series created by Rod Serling. ... “Showdown With Rance McGrew” is an episode of the television series The Twilight Zone. ... Rocket Robin Hood. ... The Brady Bunch is an American television situation comedy, based around a large blended family. ... This article is a list of episodes of the 1969–1974 ABC situation comedy, The Brady Bunch. ... Burt Mustin (February 8, 1884 - January 28, 1977) was an American salesman and character actor born Burton Hill Mustin in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ... Little House On The Prairie was an American one-hour dramatic television program that aired on the NBC network from September 11, 1974 to March 21, 1983. ... The following is a list of episodes for the television show Little House on the Prairie. ... John Bennett Perry (born January 4, 1941, in Williamstown, Massachusetts) is an American actor. ... Combatants United States of America Confederate States of America Commanders No Union commander William C. Quantrill Strength Lawrence Union Militia, Unknown number Redlegs, 21 U.S. soldiers 14th Kansas Infantry Regt, 20 2nd Kansas Colored Infantry Regt Quantrill’s Raiders and other guerrillas Casualties 164 6 (at most) The Battle... Lawrence is a river city in and the seat of Douglas County, Kansas, United States, 41 miles (66 km) west of Kansas City, along the banks of both the Kansas (Kaw) and Wakarusa Rivers. ... In literature, film, television and other media, a flashback (also called analepsis) is an interjected scene that takes the narrative back in time from the current point the story has reached. ... For the 2005 film, see The Dukes of Hazzard (film). ... This article is a list of episodes of the 1979-1985 CBS action-comedy adventure series, The Dukes of Hazzard. ... The Dukes of Hazzard is an American television series that originally aired on the CBS television network from 1979 to 1985. ... The Young Riders is a dramatic western that aired 1989-1992 and featured a fictionalized account of a group of young Pony Express riders. ... Christopher Pettiet (12 February 1976 - 12 April 2000) was a American television and film actor best known for his role as Jesse James in the Western TV series The Young Riders and as Zach Crandell in the cult comedy film Dont Tell Mom the Babysitters Dead. ... Lois and Clark: The New Adventures of Superman was a live-action television series based on the Superman comic books. ... Tempus Fugitive is the fortieth episode of the television program Lois & Clark: The New Adventures of Superman. ... Don Swayze (born August 10, 1958) Donald Carl Swayze, is an actor and the younger brother of Patrick Swayze. ... A receipt is a written acknowledgement that a specified article or sum of money has been received as an exchange. ... Treehouse of Horror XIII is the first episode of The Simpsons fourteenth season, as well as the thirteenth Halloween episode. ... Simpsons redirects here. ... For other uses, see Jesse James (disambiguation). ... Monster Garage (2002–2006) was a popular television show for the Discovery Channel hosted by Jesse G. James. ... Not to be confused with Public Broadcasting Services in Malta. ... American Experience (sometimes abbreviated AmEx) is a television program airing on the PBS network in the United States. ... The year 2006 in film involved some significant events. ... 2007 has been referred to, by film and media critics, as the year of the threequels, a nickname referring to both the 2004 summer movie season and several film franchises which premiered or had installments released in 2004, which appear again this year: Spider-Man 3, Shrek the Third, Ocean... The History Channel is a cable television channel, dedicated to the presentation of historical events and persons, often with frequent observations and explanations by noted historians as well as reenactors and witnesses to events, if possible. ... The main characters of the Advanced Generation: Brock, Ash, May, Max, along with Mudkip, Treecko, Pikachu, and Torchic. ... This article is about the version of Team Rocket seen in the Pokémon anime. ... This article is about the film. ... Joss Hill Whedon (born Joseph Hill Whedon[3] on June 23, 1964 in New York) is an Academy Award-nominated American writer, director, executive producer, and creator of the well-known television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer, Angel, and Firefly. ... Malcolm Mal Reynolds is a fictional character leading the ensemble in the science fiction television series Firefly, played by actor Nathan Fillion. ... The Assassination of Jesse James by the Coward Robert Ford is a 2007 Western drama film adapted from Ron Hansens 1983 novel of the same name. ... William Bradley Brad Pitt (born December 18, 1963) is an Academy award-nominated American actor, film producer, and social activist. ... Casey Affleck (born August 12, 1975) is an American actor. ...

Museums

Museums devoted to Jesse James are scattered throughout the Midwest at many of the places where he robbed. This article is about the Midwestern region in the United States. ...

  • James Farm in Kearney, Missouri: The James farm in Kearney, Missouri, remained in private hands until 1974 when Clay County bought it and turned it into a museum. [4]
  • Jesse James Home Museum: the house where Jesse James was killed in south St. Joseph was moved in 1939 to the Belt Highway on St. Joseph's east side to attract tourists. In 1977 it was moved to its current location, near Patee House, which was the headquarters of the Pony Express. At its current location the house is two blocks from the home's original location and is owned and operated by the Pony Express Historical Association. [5]
  • First National Bank of Northfield: The Northfield Historical Society in Northfield, Minnesota, has restored the building that housed the First National Bank, the scene of the disastrous 1876 raid. [6]
  • Heaton Bowman Funeral Home, 36th and Frederick Avenue, St. Joseph, MO. The funeral home's predecessor conducted the original autopsy and funeral for Jesse James. If you ask politely at the front desk the staff will escort you to a small room in the back that holds the log book and other documentation.
  • In Asdee, North Kerry, Ireland - the home of his ancestors, there was a small museum and the parish priest, Canon William Ferris, said a solemn requiem mass for Jesse's soul every year on 3rd April. See Fintan O'Toole's book "A Mass for Jesse James".

Related To Kevin Riddle Kearney is a city in Clay County, Missouri, United States. ... Clay County is a county located in the U.S. state of Missouri. ... The Jesse James Home Museum is located directly behind Patee House Museum in St. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The John Patee House was a hotel at 12th Street and Pennsylvania in St. ... Frank E. Webner, pony express rider c. ... Northfield is a city in Rice County, Minnesota. ...


See also

The cowboy, the quintessential symbol of the American Old West, circa 1887. ... For other people named Frank James, see Frank James (disambiguation). ... Wood engraving from The National Police Gazette. ...

Notes

  1. ^ T. J. Stiles, Jesse James: Last Rebel of the Civil War (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2002)
  2. ^ T. J. Stiles, Jesse James: Last Rebel of the Civil War (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2002), 20-5.
  3. ^ Ted P. Yeatman, Frank and Jesse James: The Story Behind the Legend (Nashville: Cumberland House, 2000), 26-8; William A. Settle, Jr., Jesse James Was His Name, or, Fact and Fiction Concerning the Careers of the Notorious James Brothers of Missouri (Columbia, Mo.: University of Missouri Press, 1966), 6-11.
  4. ^ R. Douglas Hurt, Agriculture and Slavery in Missouri's Little Dixie (Columbia, Mo.: University of Missouri Press, 1992); Stiles, 37-55.
  5. ^ Michael Fellman, Inside War: The Guerrilla Conflict in Missouri onto the American Civil War (New York: Oxford University Press, 1989); 61-143.
  6. ^ Yeatman, 30-45; Stiles, 61-2, 84-91.
  7. ^ Yeatman, 48-58, 62-3, 72-5; Stiles, 100-11, 121-3, 136-7, 140-1, 150-4.
  8. ^ William E. Parrish, Missouri Under Radical Rule, 1865-1870 (Columbia, Mo.: University of Missouri Press, 1965); Stiles, 149-67.
  9. ^ Yeatman, 83-9; Stiles, 168-75, 179-87.
  10. ^ [1]
  11. ^ Stiles, 190-206; Yeatman, 91-8; Settle, 32-42.
  12. ^ Settle, 32-42; Stiles, 207-26.
  13. ^ Stiles, 249-58; Yeatman, 111-20.
  14. ^ Yeatman, 128-44; Stiles, 272-85.
  15. ^ Settle, 76-84; Stiles, 286-305.
  16. ^ Stiles, 324-5.
  17. ^ Yeatman, 169-86; Stiles, 326-47.
  18. ^ Yeatman, 193-270; Stiles, 351-73
  19. ^ Stiles, 363-75; Yeatman, 264-9.
  20. ^ Yeatman, 270-2; Settle, 117-36.
  21. ^ Ries, Judith: Ed O'Kelley: The Man Who Murdered Jesse James' Murderer, Stewart Printing and Publishing Co., Marble Hill, Missouri, 1994 (ISBN 0-934426-61-9)
  22. ^ Anne C. Stone, Ph.D., James E. Starrs, L.L.M., and Mark Stoneking, Mitochondrial DNA Analysis of the Presumptive Remains of Jesse James.
  23. ^ Richard Slotkin, The Fatal Environment: The Myth of the Frontier in the Age of Industrialization, 1800-1890 (New York: Atheneum, 1985), and Gunfighter Nation: The Myth of the Frontier in Twentieth-Century America (New York: Atheneum, 1990), 125-55; Stiles, 376-95; Settle, 149-201.
  24. ^ Fans de Lucky Luke website (in French) [ http://www.fandeluckyluke.com/albums/dar-04-jesse.htm]
  25. ^ Jesse James at the Internet Movie Database

For the in-memory database management system, see In-memory database. ...

References

These are various biographies, articles, and books that address Jesse James:

  • Hobsbawm, Eric J.: Bandits, Pantheon, 1981
  • Koblas, John J.: Faithful Unto Death, Northfield Historical Society Press, 2001
  • Ries, Judith: Ed O'Kelley: The Man Who Murdered Jesse James' Murderer, Stewart Printing & Publishing Co., 1994.
  • Settle, William A., Jr.: Jesse James Was His Name; or, Fact and Fiction Concerning the Careers of the Notorious James Brothers of Missouri, University of Missouri Press, 1966
  • Slotkin, Richard: Gunfighter Nation: The Myth of the Frontier in Twentieth-Century America, Atheneum, 1985
  • Stiles, T.J.: Jesse James: Last Rebel of the Civil War, Alfred A. Knopf, 2002
  • Stone, A.C., Starrs, J.E., Stoneking, M.: Mitochondrial DNA analysis of the presumptive remains of Jesse James, Journal of Forensic Sciences 46, (2001)
  • Thelen, David: Paths of Resistance: Tradition and Dignity in Industrializing Missouri, Oxford University Press, 1986
  • Wellman, Paul I.: A Dynasty of Western Outlaws. Doubleday, 1961; 1986.
  • White, Richard: "Outlaw Gangs of the Middle Border: American Social Bandits, Western Historical Quarterly 12, no. 4 (October 1981)
  • Dyer, Robert: "Jesse James and the Civil War in Missouri", University of Missouri Press, 1994
  • Yeatman, Ted P.: Frank and Jesse James: The Story Behind the Legend, Cumberland House, 2001

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Jesse James
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