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Encyclopedia > Jersey number

In team sports, the squad number, jersey number, sweater number, or uniform number is the number worn on a player's outfit. The number is typically displayed on the rear of the jersey, often accompanied by the surname, and sometimes it is displayed on the front also. It is used to identify the player to officials, other players, and official scorers; in some sports, it is also indicative of the player's position. Team mates cooperate to beat the other team Team sport is a term used to distinguish between sports based on one-on-one direct confrontation (such as most raquet sports, boxing or Martial arts) or timed races (such as athletics or swimming), as opposed to those which are practiced between... Look up Number in Wiktionary, the free dictionary A number originally was a count or a measurement. ...

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Football (soccer)

In football (soccer), the first advent of players wearing numbered shirts came in a league game between Arsenal and Chelsea in 1928. After a number of experiments with the system - which met with opposition on the basis that numbers on shirts would "spoil club colours", it was decided to make them a permanent feature. Players would wear shirts numbered from one to eleven. Federation Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) Asian Football Confederation (AFC) Confederation of African Football (CAF) Confederation of North, Central American and Caribbean Association Football (CONCACAF) Union of European Football Associations (UEFA) South American Football Confederation (CONMEBOL) Oceania Football Confederation (OFC) The Current Laws of the Game (LOTG) The Rec. ... Arsenal Football Club (also known as Arsenal, The Arsenal or The Gunners) are an English professional football club based in north London. ... Chelsea Football Club (also known as the Blues, previously known as the Pensioners, a reference to the Chelsea pensioners), founded in 1905, is a Premier League football team that plays at the Stamford Bridge football ground in south-west London. ... 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ...

A football striker wearing the number 10 shirt, traditionally employed by players of his position.
A football striker wearing the number 10 shirt, traditionally employed by players of his position.

Although there were no hard and fast rules as to which number represented which position (especially given football's varied formations), a de facto standard emerged over time and was employed by most teams, with few exceptions: Football (soccer), Bloomington, Indiana, 1996, by Rick Dikeman File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Football (soccer), Bloomington, Indiana, 1996, by Rick Dikeman File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Federation Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) Asian Football Confederation (AFC) Confederation of African Football (CAF) Confederation of North, Central American and Caribbean Association Football (CONCACAF) Union of European Football Associations (UEFA) South American Football Confederation (CONMEBOL) Oceania Football Confederation (OFC) The Current Laws of the Game (LOTG) The Rec. ... Strikers, also known as centre forwards, forwards, and attackers, are the players on a team in football (soccer) in the row nearest to the opposing teams goal, who are therefore principally responsible for scoring goals. ... De facto is a Latin expression that means in fact or in practice. It is commonly used as opposed to de jure (meaning by law) when referring to matters of law or governance or technique (such as standards), that are found in the common experience as created or developed without...

  • Goalkeepers generally wore the number 1 shirt. This convention has become almost universal.
  • Defenders generally wore numbers between 2 and 6.
  • Midfielders most commonly wore numbers 4, 6, 7, 8, 10 and 11
  • Strikers wore 9 and 10, and less commonly 7, 8 and 11.
  • When substitutions were introduced to the game in the 1965, the substitute typically took the number 12; when a second substitute was allowed, they wore 14 (skipping 13 as is somewhat common).

The move to a different number for each player in a squad was initiated for the 1954 World Cup where each man in a 22-man squad would wear a different number. As a result, the numbers 12 to 22 (including 13 this time) were assigned to different squad players, with no resemblance to their on-field positions. A famous example was Johan Cruyff, who insisted on wearing the number 14 shirt. A goalkeeper leaves his feet to parry a shot on goal In many team sports, a goalkeeper (termed goaltender in some sports) is a designated player that is charged with directly preventing the opposite team from scoring by defending the goal. ... In association football (soccer), a defender is a player whose position of play is behind the midfielders and first and foremost provide support to the goalkeeper. ... In association football (soccer), a midfielder is a player whose position of play is midway between the attacking strikers and the defenders. ... Strikers, also known as centre forwards, forwards, and attackers, are the players on a team in football (soccer) in the row nearest to the opposing teams goal, who are therefore principally responsible for scoring goals. ... A substitute is a player in football who is brought on to the pitch during a match in exchange for an existing player. ... 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link goes to calendar). ... Look up triskaidekaphobia and paraskavedekatriaphobia in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The 1954 Football World Cup was held in Switzerland. ... Johan Cruijff Johan Cruijff (born April 25, 1947 in Amsterdam) is a Dutch football trainer/coach and former star player. ...


Argentina defied conventions by numbering their squads for the 1978 and 1982 World Cups alphabetically, resulting in outfield players (not goalkeepers) wearing the number 1 shirt. The 1978 Football World Cup was held in Argentina. ... The 1982 Football World Cup was held in Spain. ...


The first European football association to introduce this squad numbering system was England, which introduced squad numbers (and names) for the 1993 English League Cup final between Arsenal and Sheffield Wednesday. It became standard in the FA Premier League next season, and most European top leagues adopted the system over the next five years. Players may now wear any number (as long as it is unique within their squad) between 1 and 99. Europe is conventionally considered one of the seven continents which, in this case, is more a cultural and political distinction than a physiogeographic one. ... The Football Association (The FA) is the governing body of football in England (and the Crown dependencies of Jersey, Guernsey and the Isle of Man). ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... The Football League Cup, commonly known as the League Cup, is an English football competition. ... Sheffield Wednesday Football Club are a football club in the English Football League, based in Sheffield, UK. Sheffield Wednesday won the play-offs of Football League One on 29 May 2005 to win promotion to the Football League Championship. ... FA Premier League logo The FA Premier League (which, for sponsorship/legal reasons, is often referred to as the Barclays Premiership in the UK and the Barclays English Premier League internationally) is a league competiton for English Football clubs located at the top of the English football league system (above...


American football

A rigid system of assignment of jersey numbers was initiated in American football's NFL; other levels of the game (including NCAA college football) apply no such restrictions. United States simply as football, is a competitive team sport that is both fast-paced and strategic. ... NFL logo For other uses of the abbreviation NFL, see NFL (disambiguation). ... The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA, often said NC-Double-A) is a voluntary association of about 1200 institutions, conferences, organizations and individuals that organizes the athletics programs of many colleges and universities in the United States. ...

  • Wide receivers are now allowed to wear numbers between 10 and 19 if they so choose, even if there's an 80-89 number available.

The quarterback is a position in the offensive backfield of American and Canadian football, directly behind players of the line. He is generally the leader of the offensive team when it is on the field, responsible for initiating play by receiving the snap of the ball from the center. ... Placekicker is the title of the player on an American football team who is responsible for the kicking duties of field goals, extra points, and, in many cases, kickoffs. ... Todd Sauerbrun, one of the NFLs top punters, punts the ball for the Carolina Panthers. ... High school running back A running back, halfback or tailback is the position of a player on an American and Canadian football team who lines up in the offensive backfield. ... Defensive back (DB) is a player in American football whose role is primarily pass coverage; that is, the defensive back will stay near a receiver and try to deflect or intercept any passes thrown to him. ... In American football and Canadian football, a safety refers to two positions in the traditional defensive backfield setup, the strong safety and the free safety. ... A linebacker is a position in American and Canadian football. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with American football. ... The offensive team or offense in American football or Canadian football, is the team that begins a play from scrimmage in possession of the ball. ... The offensive team or offense in American football or Canadian football, is the team that begins a play from scrimmage in possession of the ball. ... The offensive team or offense in American football or Canadian football, is the team that begins a play from scrimmage in possession of the ball. ... Jerry Rice holds many career records for wide receivers in the National Football League. ... The tight end (TE) is a position in American football on the offensive team. ... Defensive end is the name of a defensive position in the sport of American football. ... Defensive end is the name of a defensive position in the sport of American football. ... The defensive team or defense in American football or Canadian football, is the team that begins a play from scrimmage not in possession of the ball. ... Nose Guard is a position in american football. ...

Rugby codes

See main articles: Rugby union positions and Rugby league positions.

A player's rugby shirt number determines their position rigidly in both codes of the game except in the case of replacements. Indeed rugby union has a position named simply for the shirt worn by that player, the "Number 8". A rugby union team is made up of 15 players: eight forwards, numbered from 1 to 8; and seven backs, numbered from 9 to 15. ... A rugby league team consists of thirteen players plus four substitutes. ...


Cricket

Cricket introduced player numbering for the Cricket World Cup in 1999, where the captains wore the number 1 jersey and the rest of the squad was numbered between 2 and 14. The rules have since been relaxed to allow any player to wear a number between 1 and 99 in one-day cricket and other short forms of the game. Numbering is not used in test cricket. For the insect, see Cricket (insect). ... Cricket World Cup 2007 logo The ICC Cricket World Cup is the world championship of one-day cricket, a tournament held quadrenially between all Test-playing nations, as well as several representatives from other cricket-playing nations who qualify through a series of qualifying matches. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... In cricket, the captain is the most important member of the team. ... A night match at Old Trafford. ... Short form cricket is a collective term for several modified forms of the sport of cricket, with playing times significantly shorter than more traditional forms of the game. ... Test cricket is the longest form of the sport of cricket. ...


Other sports

Other sports which feature players with numbered shirts, but where the number that may be worn is not relevant to the player's position and role are:

Jackie Robinson in his now-retired number 42 jersey.
Jackie Robinson in his now-retired number 42 jersey.

Baseball is a team sport in which a player on one team (the pitcher) attempts to throw a hard, fist-sized ball past a player on the other team (the batter), who attempts to hit the baseball with a tapered, smooth cylinder called a bat. ... Sara Giauro shoots a three-point shot, FIBA Europe Cup for Women Finals 2005 Michael Jordan of the Chicago Bulls attempts to score. ... A game of field hockey in progress Field hockey is a popular sport for men and women in many countries around the world. ... Ice hockey, known simply as hockey in areas where it is more common than field hockey, is a team sport played on ice. ... Volleyball is one of the most popular sports in the world. ... Jackie Robinson Image found at Library of Congress website, originally from Look magazine. ... Jackie Robinson Image found at Library of Congress website, originally from Look magazine. ...

Retired numbers

Retiring a player's number is an award bestowed on a successful player, usually after the player has left the team or quit the game. Their club or franchise will retire the shirt number that the player wore during their time there, meaning no other player is permitted to use that number in the future.


Although the practice originated in, and is still mostly restricted to US sports, some football (soccer) clubs have started doing this as squad numbers have become common. A.S. Roma, A.C. Milan, Napoli, Manchester City and Olympique Lyonnais have all recently retired jersey numbers. International teams Argentina and Cameroon have been prevented by FIFA rules from retiring the numbers of Diego Maradona and Marc-Vivien FoĆ© respectively. Motto: E pluribus unum (1789 to 1956) (Latin: Out of Many, One) In God We Trust (1956 to present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at federal level; English de facto Government  â€¢ President  â€¢ Vice President Federal republic George... A.S. Roma (Associazione Sportiva Roma) is an Italian football club. ... AC Milan is an Italian football club. ... Napoli Soccer is an Italian football club based in Naples. ... Manchester City Football Club is a football club based in Manchester, United Kingdom. ... Olympique Lyonnais (sometimes abbreviated to OL or Lyon) is a French football club founded in 1950. ... The Fédération Internationale de Football Association, universally known by its acronym FIFA, is the international governing body of football (soccer). ... Diego Armando Maradona (born October 30, 1960), nicknamed El Diez, Pelusa and El Diego, is a former Argentine football player. ... Marc-Vivien Foé Marc-Vivien Foé (May 1, 1975 – June 26, 2003) was a Cameroonian midfield football player, born in Nkolo, Centre Province, Cameroon. ...


Jackie Robinson, the first African American player in Major League Baseball, had his number retired for every franchise. In 1999 Wayne Gretzky's number 99 was likewise retired by the National Hockey League on his retirement from the game. Brooklyn Dodger infielder Jackie Robinson in 1947. ... An African-American (also Afro-American, Black American, or black), is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... Major League Baseball (MLB) is the highest level of play in professional baseball in the world. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... Wayne Gretzky playing for the Edmonton Oilers in 1984 Wayne Douglas Gretzky, OC (born January 26, 1961) is a former professional ice hockey player and currently a part owner and coach of the Phoenix Coyotes. ... The modernized NHL shield logo, debuting in 2005. ...


See also

In 1929, the New York Yankees and the Cleveland Indians began using uniform numbers so fans and scorekeepers could tell who was who on the field. ...

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