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Encyclopedia > Jeronima de la Asuncion
Jeronima de la Asuncion
Foundress of Santa Clara Monastery Intramuros, Manila
Born May 9, 1555
Toledo, Spain
Died October 22, 1630
Manila, Philippines
Parents Pedro Garcia-Yanez and Catalina de la Fuente

Mother Jeronima de la Asuncion or Jeronima de la Fuente (May 9, 1555 - October 22, 1630) was the foundress of the first Catholic monastery in Manila and the Far East. De la Asuncion's monastery became known as the Monastery of Santa Clara in Spanish Intramuros, Philippines. For De la Asuncion's efforts as the first founding missionary woman in the Philippines, the Vatican had issued an apostolic decree for her beatification in 1734. De la Asuncion's monastery in Intramuros was also immortalized in the novel, Noli Me Tangere, written by Jose Rizal, the national hero of the Philippines.[1][2] Image File history File links Size of this preview: 356 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (712 × 1200 pixel, file size: 165 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Jeronima de la Asuncion (Jeronima de la Fuente). ... May 9 is the 129th day of the year (130th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Russia breaks 60 year old truce with Sweden by attacking Finland February 2 - Diet of Augsburg begins February 4 - John Rogers becomes first Protestant martyr in England February 9 - Bishop of Gloucester John Hooper is burned at the stake May 23 - Paul IV becomes Pope. ... is the 295th day of the year (296th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events February 22 - Native American Quadequine introduces Popcorn to English colonists. ... Monastery of St. ... Nickname: Map of Metro Manila showing the location of Manila Coordinates: 14°35 N 121° E Country Philippines Region National Capital Region Districts 1st to 6th districts of Manila Barangays 897 Incorporated (city) June 10, 1574 Government  - Mayor Jose L. Atienza, Jr. ... The far east as a cultural block includes East Asia, Southeast Asia, Northeast Asia and South Asia. ... Saint Clare of Assisi, born Chiara Offreduccio, (July 16, 1194 – August 11, 1253) was one of the first followers of Francis of Assisi and founded the Order of Poor Ladies to organize the women who chose to take the Franciscan vow of poverty and celibacy. ... Intramuros circa 1920s Walls of Intramuros, located along the southern bank of the Pasig River, is the oldest among the districts of the city of Manila, the capital of the Philippines. ... Proselytism is the practice of attempting to convert people to another opinion, usually another religion. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Noli Me Tangere is a Spanish-language novel written by José P. Rizal, and published in 1887, in Europe. ... José Rizal José Protacio Rizal Mercado y Alonzo Realonda (June 19, 1861 - December 30, 1896) is the national hero of the Philippines. ...



Jeronima de la Asuncion was born in Toledo, Spain to Christian parents, Pedro Garcia-Yanez and Catalina de la Fuente. Her parents were both native to Toledo and were of noble lineage. De la Asuncion was the third from the eldest among four sisters. Jeronima spent her childhood in Toledo, where she learned the basics of Christian life at a very early age. At the age of fourteen, De la Asuncion met St. Theresa of Avila in Toledo. After that meeting, she felt the calling to a religious life. She was also influenced by the biography of St. Claire of Assisi. On August 15, 1570, De la Asuncion entered the Franciscan convent of Santa Isabel la Real de Toledo. At this convent, she joined two of her aunts who were already professed nuns at the time. She later ocassionally functioned as Mistress of Novices.[1][2] This article is about the city in Spain. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... For other saints with similar names, please see Saint Teresa. ... The Order of Friars Minor and other Franciscan movements are disciples of Saint Francis of Assisi. ... This article is about an abbey as a religious building. ... Mistress is the feminine form of the word master. ... A novice in Catholic law and tradition, is a prospective member of a religious order who is being tried and being proven for suitability of admission to a religious order of brothers, sisters or monks. ...

Voyage to the Far East

Although De la Asuncion learned about the intention of her congregation to establish a monastery of nuns in Manila, it was only on October 21, 1619 when she received approval to travel. The prelates appointed Fr. Jose de Santa Maria, O.F.M. as procurator to arrange the royal travel permits for Jeronima de la Asuncion, while de la Asuncion herself was appointed as foundress and first abbess of the Philippine monastery. The Philippine monastery would be the first of its kind to be established both in Manila and in the Far East.[1] Catholic religious orders (Religious Institutes, cf. ... For other uses, see Nun (disambiguation). ... Look up prelate in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... An Abbess (Latin abbatissa, fem. ... The far east as a cultural block includes East Asia, Southeast Asia, Northeast Asia and South Asia. ...

A pamphlet cover with a reproduced 1620 painting of Mother Jeronima.

De la Asuncion's journey began in April 1620, with the initial group of six Poor Clare nuns. De la Asuncion was already 66 years old. From Toledo, they sailed by boat to Seville, Spain, where they were joined by two more nuns, and then they traveled on to Cadiz, Spain. From Cadiz, the group sailed on to cross the Atlantic ocean. By late September 1620, the nuns reached Mexico City and stayed there for less than six months. Two more nuns joined the group.[1] The Order of Poor Ladies, also known as the Poor Clares, the Poor Clare Nuns, the Clarisse, or the Minoresses is the second Franciscan order founded by Saint Clare of Assisi. ... This article is about the city in Spain. ... This article is about the Spanish city. ... Nickname: Location of Mexico City in central Mexico Coordinates: , Country Mexico Federal entity Federal District Boroughs The 16 delegaciones Founded (as Tenochtitlan) c. ...

On Ash Wednesday of 1621, De la Asuncion and her group left Mexico by road to cross the mountains towards Acapulco city. On April 21, 1621, the group boarded the galleon, San Andres for the Philippines.[1] In the Western Christian calendar, Ash Wednesday is the first day of Lent. ... Acapulco (Officially: Acapulco de Juárez) is a city and major sea port in the state of Guerrero on the Pacific coast of Mexico, 300 km (190 miles) southwest from Mexico City. ... A Spanish galleon A galleon was a large, multi-decked sailing ship used primarily by the nations of Europe from the 16th to 18th centuries. ...

The women kept a record of their travel from Toledo to Manila. One of the nuns died as the San Andres galleon was crossing the Pacific, near the Marianas. The rest of the group set foot in the Philippines through the port of Bolinao on July 24, 1621. They reached Intramuros, the center of Manila at the time, on August 5, 1621. Their trip from Toledo to Intramuros lasted one year, three months and nine days.[1] Look up Record in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A Spanish galleon A galleon was a large, multi-decked sailing ship used primarily by the nations of Europe from the 16th to 18th centuries. ... For other meanings of Pacific, see Pacific (disambiguation). ... Mariana Islands (sometimes called The Marianas; up to the early 20th century sometimes called the Ladrone Islands) are a group of islands made up by the summits of 15 volcanic mountains in the Pacific Ocean. ... Seaport, a painting by Claude Lorrain, 1638 The Port of Wellington at night. ... Bolinao is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Pangasinan, Philippines. ...

The primary goal of Mother Jeronima in coming to the Phiippines was, according to her Catholic beliefs, were the glorification of God and the conversion of pagans. De la Asuncion fulfilled this aim by implanting the Franciscan way of life in the Philippines. She opened the doors of her convent to all young Filipino women who had a calling to a religious devotion, regardless of class or color.[1] Pagan may refer to: A believer in Paganism or Neopaganism Bagan, a city in Myanmar also known as Pagan Pagan (album), the 6th album by Celtic metal band Cruachan Pagan Island, of the Northern Mariana Islands Pagan Lorn, a metal band from Luxembourg, Europe (1994-1998) Pagans Mind, is...

Later life, death and beatification process

During the last thirty years of her life, De la Asuncion lived in constant illness. In early September 1630, her health deteriorated. She died at dawn on October 22, 1630 at the age of 75.[1]

The remains of Mother Jeronima at the new Sta. Clara monastery.
The new Santa Clara monastery in Quezon City, Philippines.

The remains of De la Asuncion was first buried in a niche within a wall inside the monastery that she founded, but later experienced five relocations. The first was in 1670 to hinder the activities of local devotees. The second happened in 1712 due to the monastery's reconstruction. At the time, De la Asuncion's remains were placed in the lower choir of the nunnery. The third relocation was during the British invasion of Manila in 1763, when the box containing De la Asuncion's relics was transferred to the Church of St. Francis in Intramuros. The remains were brought back to the St. Claire monastery in 1765. De la Asuncion's remains survived a bombing of the monastery during World War II. In the 1950s, her bones were finally placed permanently at a new monastery at Quezon City, Philippines.[1] With regard to living things, a body is the integral physical material of an individual. ... Florentine Renaissance painter Filippo Lippi placed his Madonna of the 1440s within a simulated shell-headed niche The niche in classical architecture is an exedra or an apse that has been reduced in size, retaining the half-dome heading usual for an apse. ... A relic is an object, especially a piece of the body or a personal item of someone of religious significance, carefully preserved with an air of veneration as a tangible memorial, Relics are an important aspect of Buddhism, some denominations of Christianity, Hinduism, shamanism, and many other personal belief systems. ... Quezon City P (Filipino: Lungsod Quezon), is the former capital (1948-1976) and the most populous city in the Philippines. ...

Although not born in the Philippines, Jeronima de la Asuncion became a religious inspiration for many Catholic devotees. She was described as a woman of resolute character in managing political and religious conflicts within and outside the confines of her convent. Steps towards her beatification begun in 1630.[1]

Portraits of Jeronima de la Asuncion

A pamphlet with a contemporary depiction of Mother Jeronima.

Modern-day photographs and images of Jeronima de la Asuncion are replicas of the painting by the Spaniard court painter, Diego Velasquez. The portrait was composed during De la Asuncion's stop-over in Seville, Spain, in 1620. The painting is described to convey the then sixty-six year old nun's "devoutness and strength of character through her stern expression and rugged countenance; her direct, outward gaze at the beholder; and her expressive accoutrements". De la Asuncion was then wearing a dark, sober habit while holding a tome and a crucifix. There were inscriptions on the painting. The text across the top of the canvas read "It is good to await the salvation of God in silence", while the ribbon that flows from De la Asuncion's mouth stated "I shall be satisfied as long as He is glorified".[2][3] This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into image (disambiguation). ... For building painting, see painter and decorator. ... A court painter is an artist who paints for the members of a royal or noble family. ... Las Meninas, painted in 1656. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Men and women wearing suits, an example of one of the many modern forms of clothing (from the 1937 Chicago Woolen Mills catalog) Clothing is defined, in its broadest sense, as coverings for the torso and limbs as well as coverings for the hands (gloves), feet (socks, shoes, sandals, boots... St. ... A chained book in the Bodleian Library at Oxford University A book is a set or collection of written, printed, illustrated, or blank sheets, made of paper, parchment, or other material, usually fastened together to hinge at one side, and within protective covers. ... The Crucifix, a cross with corpus, a symbol used in Catholicism in contrast with some other Christian communions, which use only a cross. ... Inscriptions are words or letters written, engraved, painted, or otherwise traced on a surface and can appear in contexts both small and monumental. ... A ribbon is a thin band of flexible material, typically cloth but also plastic or sometimes metal, used primarily for binding and tying. ...



  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Ruano, Pedro, O.F.M. (Vice-General Postulator). Mother Jeronima de la Asuncion (1555-1630), A Biography, Monastery of St. Claire, Quezon City, Philippines, 1999.
  2. ^ a b c Serrano, Hanna, Tanya J. Tiffany and Ronald E. McNair. Mother Jeronima de la Fuente: Founder of First Convent of Nuns in the Philippines, A Woman Religious and Reflection of Christ, University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, retrieved on: June 17, 2007
  3. ^ Zirpolo, Lillian. Madre Jeronima de la Fuente and Lady With A Fan Two Portraits by Velasquez Reexamined, Woman's Art Journal, Vol. 15, No. 1 (Spring - Summer, 1994), pp. 16-21, JStor.org, retrieved on: June 24, 2007


  1. Claussen, Heather L. and Ann Arbor. Unconventional Sisterhood: Feminist Catholic Nuns in the Philippines, Issue 8, The University of Michigan Press, 2001, and A Review by Carolyn Brewer, Murdoch.edu.au, October 2002, retrieved on: June 17, 2007 - ISBN 0477211221 X (hard cover)
  2. Lally, Father Campion, O.F.M. (Note: F. C. Lally is a missionary in Japan who has been chaplain to the Poor Clares in Japan for 49 years). Poor Clare Bibliograpy, Poor Clare.org, retrieved on: June 17, 2007
  3. Tantingco, Robby. First Filipino Nun was Kapampangan (Note: The first Filipino nun, Martha de San Bernardo, was under Doña Madre Jeronima de la Asuncion's congregation), Sunstar.com, March 06, 2007, retrieved on: June 18, 2007
  4. Brewer, Carolyn. Holy Confrontation: Religion, Gender and Sexuality in the Philippines, 1521-1685 (Note: This is an article mentioning Jeronima de la Asuncion and the Poor Clare's Bolinao Manuscript), Issue 8, October 2002, Manila: Institute of Women's Studies, St. Scholastica's College, 2001, 437 pp., and A Review by Barbara Watson Andaya, retreived on: June 18, 2007 - ISBN 971-8605-29-0
  5. Bourne, Edward Gaylord. The Philippine Islands, 1493-1803: Explorations, 1905, retrieved on: June 17, 2007
  6. Sanchez C. La Madre Jerónima de la Asunción y su fundación del monasterio de Santa Clara de Manila, Incidencias y consecuencias (Mother Jeronima of the Ascension and the Foundation of the Monastery of Santa Clara of Manila. Incidents and Consequences), Archivo franciscano Ibero-Oriental (Language: Spanish) , Madrid, Espagne, 1994, Vol. 52, No. 205-06, pp. 379-400, Publisher: Padres Franciscanos Españoles, Madrid, Espagne, 1943, and Cat.Inist.fr, retrieved on: June 18, 2007 - ISSN 0042-3718
  7. Intramuros, Historic Walled City of Manila, Santa Clara Monastery, WordPress.com, February 19, 2007, retrieved on: June 18, 2007
  8. Monasterio de Santa Clara, Katipunan Avenue and Aurora Boulevard, Quezon City, Manila, Philippines, MyTravelGuide.com, retrieved on: June 18, 2007
  9. 99 Kapampangan Who Mattered in History and Why, Center for Kapampangan Studies, HAU.edu.ph and Geocities.com, 2007, retrieved on: June 23, 2007
  10. Pascual Jr., Federico D. Religious Firsts, Postscript, ABS-CBN Interactive, ABS-CBNNews.com, March 06, 2007, retrieved on: June 23, 2007

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