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Encyclopedia > Jena
Jena
Jena Market Square
Coat of arms Location
Coat of arms of Jena
Administration
Country Germany
State Thuringia
District Urban district
Lord Mayor Albrecht Schröter (SPD)
Basic statistics
Area 114 km² (44 sq mi)
Elevation 155 m  (509 ft)
Population 102,494  (31/12/2006)[1]
 - Density 899 /km² (2,329 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate code J
Postal codes 07701–07751
Area code 03641
Website www.jena.de

Coordinates: 50°56′0″N 11°35′0″E / 50.93333, 11.58333 Image File history File linksMetadata Jenamarktplatz. ... Image File history File links Wappen_Jena. ... Image File history File links Karte_Deutschland. ... Image File history File links Red_pog. ... This list of countries, arranged alphabetically, gives an overview of countries of the world. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Germany is a Federal Republic made up of 16 States, known in German as Länder (singular Land). ... The Free State of Thuringia (German: Freistaat Thüringen) is located in central Germany and is considered one of the smaller of Germanys sixteen Bundesländer (federal states), with an area of 16,200 km² and 2. ... There are 439 German districts (Kreise), administrative units in Germany. ... This is a list of urban districts in Germany. ... Councillor Patrick (Pat) John Stannard, Lord Mayor of Oxford (2004). ... SPD redirects here. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries that do not observe summer time Central European Time (CET) is one of the names of the time zone that is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries that do not observe summer time Central European Summer Time (CEST) is one of the names of UTC+2 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Central European Time West Africa Time British Summer Time* Irish Summer Time* Western European Summer Time* Category: ... Eastern European Time Central Africa Time Israel Standard Time South Africa Standard Time Central European Summer Time West Africa Summer Time Category: ... German car number plates (Kfz-Kennzeichen) show the place where the car carrying them is registered. ... German Postleitzahl map of the first two digits Postal codes in Germany, Postleitzahl (plural Postleitzahlen, abbreviated to PLZ), consist of five digits, which indicate the wider area (first two digits), and the postal district (last three digits). ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles. ... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos and other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Jena is a town in central Germany on the River Saale. With a population of 102.494, it is the third biggest town in the federal state of Thuringia. Jena may refer to: Jena, a German city. ... Ronda, Spain Main street in Bastrop, Texas, a small town A town is a community of people ranging from a few hundred to several thousands, although it may be applied loosely even to huge metropolitan areas. ... Length 413 km Elevation of the source 728  m Average discharge  ?  m³/s Area watershed  ?  km² Origin  Germany Mouth  Elbe Basin countries Germany Saale is the name of two rivers in Germany: the Saxonian Saale (German: Sächsische Saale) and the Franconian Saale (German: Fränkische Saale). ... The Free State of Thuringia (German: Freistaat Thüringen) is located in central Germany and is considered one of the smaller of Germanys sixteen Bundesländer (federal states), with an area of 16,200 km² and 2. ...

Contents

History

Jena was first mentioned in an 1182 document. In the 11th century it was a possession of the lords of Lobdeburg, but in the following century it developed into an independent market town with laws and magistrates of its own. Economy was based mainly on wine production. In 1286 the Dominicans established in the city, followed by the Cistercians in 1301. Events Canute VI crowned king of Denmark. ... As a means of recording the passage of time, the 11th century was that century which lasted from 1001 to 1100. ... Events Margaret I of Scotland became queen of Scotland, end of Canmore dynasty. ... The Order of Cistercians (OCist) (Latin Cistercenses), otherwise Gimey or White Monks (from the colour of the habit, over which is worn a black scapular or apron) are a Catholic order of monks. ... Events February 7 - Edward of Caernarvon (later King Edward II of England) becomes the first Prince of Wales End of the reign of Emperor Go-Fushimi, emperor of Japan Emperor Go-Nijō ascends to the throne of Japan Dante was sent into Exile in Florence. ...


The margraves of Meißen imposed their authority over Jena in 1331. From 1423 it belonged to Electoral Saxony of the Housen of Wettin, who had inherited Meißen, remaining with it also after the division of their lands in 1485. Capital Meissen Government Principality Historical era Middle Ages  - Partitioned from     marca Geronis   965  - Investiture Controversy¹ 1067  - War of Thuringian     Succession   1247–64  - Acquired most of the     Landgraviate of Thuringia   1298  - Battle of Lucka 1307  - Frederick IV assigned     Saxony-Wittenberg   1423  - Acquired Burggraviate 1426 1: As a result of the Investiture... Events September 8 - Stefan Dusan declares himself king of Serbia Start of the reign of Emperor Kogon of Japan, first of the Northern Ashikaga Pretenders Births Coluccio Salutati, Florentine political leader (died 1406) Deaths January 14 - Odoric, Italian explorer October 27 - Abulfeda, Arab historian and geographer (born 1273) Categories: 1331... Events July 31 - Hundred Years War: Battle of Cravant - The French army is defeated at Cravant on the banks of the river Yonne. ... The subject of this article was previously also known as Saxony. ... Meißen, internationally most known for porcelain, is a town of approximately 35,000 near Dresden on the river Elbe in the State of Saxony in the southern part of eastern Germany. ... // Events August 5-7 - First outbreak of sweating sickness in England begins August 22 - Battle of Bosworth Field is fought between the armies of King Richard III of England and rival claimant to the throne of England Henry Tudor, Earl of Richmond. ...


The Protestant Reformation was brought into the city in 1523. In the following years the Dominican and the Carmelite convents were attacked by the townsmen. In 1548, the university was founded by elector John Frederick the Magnanimous. The Protestant Reformation was a movement which began in the 16th century as a series of attempts to reform the Roman Catholic Church, but ended in division and the establishment of new institutions, most importantly Lutheranism, Reformed churches, and Anabaptists. ... Events April - Battle of Villalar - Forces loyal to Emperor Charles V defeat the Comuneros, a league of urban bourgeois rebelling against Charles in Spain. ... Events Mary I of Scotland sent to France Births September 2 - Vincenzo Scamozzi, Italian architect (died 1616) September 29 - William V, Duke of Bavaria (died 1626) Francesco Andreini, Italian actor (died 1624) Giordano Bruno, Italian philosopher, astronomer, and occultist (burned at the stake) 1600 (died 1600) Honda Tadakatsu, Japanese general... Friedrich Schiller University of Jena (FSU) is located in Jena, Thuringia in Germany and was named for the German writer Friedrich Schiller in 1934. ... Portrait by Lucas Cranach the Elder, 1531 Johann Friedrich I, Elector of Saxony (30 June 1503 - 3 March 1554), called John the Magnanimous, was head of the Protestant Confederation of Germany (the Schmalkaldic League), Champion of the Reformation. He was the son of John the Steadfast of Saxony and born...


For a short period (1670-1690), Jena was the capital of an independent dukedom (Saxe-Jena). In 1692 it was annexed to Saxe-Eisenach and in 1741 to the Duchy (later Grand Duchy) of Saxe-Weimar, to which it belonged until 1918. 1670 was a common year beginning on a Saturday in countries using the Julian calendar and a Wednesday in countries using the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Giovanni Domenico Cassini observes differential rotation within Jupiters atmosphere. ... The Duchy of Saxe-Jena was one of the Saxon Duchies held by the Ernestine line of the Wettin Dynasty. ... Events February 13 - Massacre of Glencoe March 1 - The Salem witch trials begin in Salem Village, Massachusetts Bay Colony with the charging of three women with witchcraft. ... Saxe-Eisenach (German Sachsen-Eisenach) was the name of three different duchies that existed at different times in Thuringia. ... // Events April 10 - Austrian army attack troops of Frederick the Great at Mollwitz August 10 - Raja of Travancore defeats Dutch East India Company naval expedition at Battle of Colachel December 19 - Vitus Bering dies in his expedition east of Siberia December 25 - Anders Celsius develops his own thermometer scale Celsius... Thuringia, showing the territory of Saxe-Weimar in the 17th Century, with Saxe-Jena, which was joined to Saxe-Weimar in 1690 Preceded by: Electoral Saxony Succeeded by: Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach Saxe-Weimar (German Sachsen-Weimar) was a Duchy in Thuringia, Germany. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ...


On 14 October 1806, Napoleon fought and defeated the Prussian army here in the Battle of Jena-Auerstedt. Resistance against the French occupation was strong, especially among the town students, many of which fought in the Lützow Free Corps in 1813. Two years later the Urburschenschaft fraternity was founded in the city. is the 287th day of the year (288th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1806 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Napoléon I, Emperor of the French (born Napoleone di Buonaparte, changed his name to Napoléon Bonaparte)[1] (15 August 1769; Ajaccio, Corsica – 5 May 1821; Saint Helena) was a general during the French Revolution, the ruler of France as First Consul (Premier Consul) of the French Republic from... Motto Suum cuique Latin: To each his own Prussia at its peak, as leading state of the German Empire Capital Königsberg, later Berlin Government Duke1  - 1525–68 Albert I (first)  - 1688–1701 Frederick III (last) King1  - 1701–13 Frederick I (first)  - 1888–1918 William II (last) Prime Minister1,2... Combatants First French Empire Prussia Commanders Napoleon I Louis Nicolas Davout Duke of Brunswick Prince Hohenlohe Strength 90,000 (Jena); 27,000 (Auerstedt) 38,000 (Jena); 63,000 (Auerstedt) Casualties 5,000 dead and wounded (Jena); 7,000 killed, wounded, or missing (Auerstedt) 25,000 dead, wounded, or captured (Jena... The Lützow Free Corps (German: Lützowsches Freikorps) was a voluntary force of the Prussian army during the Napoleonic Wars. ... The Urburschenschaft was founded in 1815 in Jena, Saxony, in Germany. ...


In 1945, towards the end of World War II, Jena was heavily bombed by the American and British Allies. 153 people were killed and most of the medieval town centre was destroyed (though restored after the end of the war). Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


Part of the State of Thuringia from its foundation in 1920 on, it was incorporated into the German Democratic Republic in 1949 and its district of Gera in 1952. Since 1990, the city of Jena has been a part of the Free State of Thuringia in the united Federal Republic of Germany. 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... “East Germany” redirects here. ... 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1949 calendar). ... Gera is the largest Town in the east of Thuringia, Germany. ... Year 1952 (MCMLII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ...


Economy

Today Jena is a manufacturing city, specializing in precision machinery, pharmaceuticals, optics and photographic equipment, and is home to the famous Zeiss optics plant. In 1926, the world's first modern planetarium was built by the Zeiss company in the Damenviertel district of the town. Pharmacology (in Greek: pharmacon is drug, and logos is science) is the study of how chemical substances interfere with living systems. ... For the book by Sir Isaac Newton, see Opticks. ... Carl Zeiss in middle age. ... Year 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For the song by Ai Otsuka, see Planetarium (song) // A planetarium is a theatre built primarily for presenting educational and entertaining shows about astronomy and the night sky, or for training in celestial navigation. ...


Today the city's economy diversifies into bioinformatics, biotechnology, software and photonics. The metropolitan area of Jena is among Germany's 50 fastest growing regions. Map of the human X chromosome (from the NCBI website). ... The structure of insulin Biological technology is technology based on biology, especially when used in agriculture, food science, and medicine. ... Computer software (or simply software) refers to one or more computer programs and data held in the storage of a computer for some purpose. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ...

The Jen-Tower.
The Jen-Tower.
View from the Jen-Tower at night: the domed building was part of the former Carl-Zeiss works, now used by the University of Jena
View from the Jen-Tower at night: the domed building was part of the former Carl-Zeiss works, now used by the University of Jena

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (543x800, 76 KB) Description: Intershop Tower in Jena. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (543x800, 76 KB) Description: Intershop Tower in Jena. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2816x2112, 2180 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Jena Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2816x2112, 2180 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Jena Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create...

Main sights

  • The 13th century Rathaus ("Town Hall"). It has astronomic clock featuring the Schnapphans ("Snatching Hans").
  • The Gothic St. Michael's Church (Michaelskirche, 1506). It has a bronze slab of Martin Luther's tomb
  • Monument to John Frederick the Magnanimous (1905-08), in the Market Square
  • The Old Castle and numerous towers from the medieval fortifications, including the Powder Tower (13th-14th centuries)
  • House and Church of Friedrich Schiller.
  • The Botanical Garden, founded in 1580, the second oldest botanical garden in Germany
  • Jen-Tower, a research edifice built in GDR times. There is a restaurant and viewing platform at the 27th floor.

In the neighbourhood are the Dornburg Castles and the Kapellendorf Moated Castle. Interior of Cologne Cathedral Gothic architecture is a style of architecture, particularly associated with cathedrals and other churches, which flourished in Europe during the high and late medieval period. ... Martin Luther (November 10, 1483 – February 18, 1546) was a German monk,[1] priest, professor, theologian, and church reformer. ... Friedrich Schiller “Schiller” redirects here. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Disambiguation Page Global Depositary Receipt East Germany ... Dornburg is a town in the Saale-Holzland district, in Thuringia, Germany. ...


Public Transport

  • The city is served by an extensive network of buses and trams run by the "Jenah" organization (a pun on Jena and Nahverkehr, the German for local public transport).
  • busses of the JES Verkehrsgesellschaft connect Jena with cities and villages in the region
  • The high-speed railway line from Berlin to Munich calls at the Jena-Paradies station just to the east of the city centre; trains from Erfurt and further west arrive at the Westbahnhof just west of the city centre.
  • The nearest airports to Jena are Altenburg-Nobitz Airport and Erfurt Airport. However international visitors normally arrive at Frankfurt, Berlin or Munich airports, from all of which there are convenient train connections to Jena.

For other uses, see Bus (disambiguation). ... This article refers to public transport vehicles running on rails. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... For other uses, see Munich (disambiguation). ... Altenburg is a town in the German Bundesland of Thuringia, 4 miles south of Leipsic. ... Erfurt Airport is the international airport of Erfurt, Germany. ... Frankfurt Airport Frankfurt Airport (IATA: FRA, ICAO: EDDF), known in German as Rhein-Main-Flughafen or Flughafen Frankfurt am Main, is located near Frankfurt am Main, Germany. ... Berlin International Airport in Tegel Otto Lilienthal (IATA: TXL, ICAO: EDDT) (often shortened to Tegel) is an airport in Berlin, Germany. ... Munich International Airport (IATA: MUC, ICAO: EDDM), officially named Franz Josef Strauss International Airport (German: Flughafen München Franz Josef Strauß) is located 17. ...

Colleges, universities and research institutes

Friedrich Schiller University of Jena (FSU) is located in Jena, Thuringia in Germany and was named for the German writer Friedrich Schiller in 1934. ... Johann Wolfgang von Goethe Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (pronounced [gø tə]) (August 28, 1749–March 22, 1832) was a German writer, politician, humanist, scientist, and philosopher. ... Johann Christoph Friedrich von Schiller (November 10, 1759 - May 9, 1805), usually known as Friedrich Schiller, was a German poet, philosopher, historian, and dramatist. ... The Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology is located in Jena, Germany. ... The Max Planck Institute of Economics was founded in 1993 as the Max Planck Institute for Research into Economic Systems with the misson of researching the transition of the former Eastern European socialist economic systems, the Max Planck Institute of Economics researches a broad set of problems relating to change... The Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry is located in Jena, Germany. ... The Institute for Physical High Technology (IPHT) is a non-university research facility in Jena, Thuringia, Germany. ...

Museums

  • Optical Museum Jena - history of optical instruments
  • Schott GlassMuseum - production and usage of glass
  • Citymuseum Göhre - urban history of Jena
  • Botanical Garden
  • Phyletical Museum - biology
  • Romanticism House - literary
  • Memorial to Goethe - literary
  • Oriental Coin Cabinet Jena - Oriental history, numismatics

50. ... Oriental Coin Cabinet Jena (German: Orientalisches Münzkabinett Jena) is a collection of oriental coins at the Jena University, in Jena, Germany, founded in 1840. ...

Culture

The Botanical Garden of Jena
The Botanical Garden of Jena
  • The Jenaer Philharmonie is the largest independent symphony orchestra in Thuringia.
  • Jena and the University of Jena, located in the same region as displaced town (in both time and space) of Grantville, WV, play a prominent role in 1632 and several other works in the best selling fiction 1632 series. Jena becomes part of the New United States founded by the Americans of Grantville introducing modern thought a political theory into the middle of the Thirty Years' War, and the University the heart of their attempt to introduce modern medical knowledge and practices into the plague ridden Germanies.

Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 400 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (512 × 768 pixel, file size: 213 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Beschreibung: Botanischer Garten Jena Quelle: Fotografiert Juli 2004 Kamera: Canon EOS 10D Objektiv: Canon 17-40 4. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 400 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (512 × 768 pixel, file size: 213 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Beschreibung: Botanischer Garten Jena Quelle: Fotografiert Juli 2004 Kamera: Canon EOS 10D Objektiv: Canon 17-40 4. ... The Jenaer Philharmonie is a symphony orchestra based in Jena, Germany. ... Grantville is a fictional town modeled after the real town of Mannington, West Virginia which is the source of resources, technology, and above all up-timer protagonists in the best selling alternate history books by historian-author-creator and editor Eric Flint. ... Main articles: 1632 series and The Grantville Gazettes 1632 is the initial novel in the best selling alternate history genre 1632 book series set in the Holy Roman Empire by historian, writer and editor Eric Flint. ... The 1632 series, also known as the 1632-verse or Ring of Fire series, is an alternate history book series, created, primarily co-written-by and coordinated by historian Eric Flint. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

Famous citizens

Johannes Robert Becher (* May 22, 1891 in Munich; † October 11, 1958 in Berlin) was a German poet. ... Prince Bernhard as Royal Consort Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands (June 29, 1911 – December 1, 2004) was Prince Consort to the late Queen Juliana of the Netherlands, and father of the current monarch, Queen Beatrix. ... Johann Gottfried Eichhorn (October 16, 1752 - June 27, 1827), was a German theologian. ... Walter Eucken (* 17 January 1891 Jena, Germany; † 20 March 1950 London, UK) was a German economist and father of ordoliberalism. ... Johann Gottlieb Fichte (May 19, 1762 – January 27, 1814) was a German philosopher. ... Friedrich Ludwig Gottlob Frege (8 November 1848, Wismar – 26 July 1925, IPA: ) was a German mathematician who became a logician and philosopher. ... Friedrich Wilhelm August Fröbel (1782-1852) was a German educationalist. ... Johann Wolfgang Goethe  , IPA: , later von Goethe, (28 August 1749 – 22 March 1832) was a German polymath: he was a poet, novelist, dramatist, humanist, scientist, theorist, painter, and for ten years chief minister of state for the duchy of Weimar. ... Ernst Haeckel. ... Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (August 27, 1770 - November 14, 1831) was a German philosopher born in Stuttgart, Württemberg, in present-day southwest Germany. ... Friedrich Hölderlin Johann Christian Friedrich Hölderlin [] (March 20, 1770 – June 6, 1843) was a major German lyric poet. ... Martin Luther (November 10, 1483 – February 18, 1546) was a German monk,[1] priest, professor, theologian, and church reformer. ... Karl Heinrich Marx (May 5, 1818 – March 14, 1883) was a 19th century philosopher, political economist, and revolutionary. ... Portrait of Philipp Melanchthon, by Lucas Cranach the Elder. ... For the German rock band, see Novalis (band). ... Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph von Schelling (January 27, 1775 - August 20, 1854) was a German philosopher. ... Friedrich Schiller “Schiller” redirects here. ... Karoline Schelling (September 2, 1763 — September 7, 1809), one of the most intellectual German women of her age, was born at Göttingen, the daughter of the orientalist Michaelis. ... August Wilhelm von Schlegel (September 8, 1767 - May 12, 1845), German poet, translator and critic, was born at Hanover, where his father, Johann Adolf Schlegel (1721-1793), was a Lutheran pastor. ... Forseti is the creative neofolk music works of German musician Andreas Ritter. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Johann Gustav Stickel (born July 7, 1805 - died January 21, 1896) German theologian, orientalist and numismatist. ... Kurt Tucholsky Kurt Tucholsky (January 9, 1890 – December 21, 1935) was a German journalist, satirist and writer. ... Carl Zeiss (September 11, 1816 – December 3, 1888) was an optician commonly known for the company he founded, Zeiss. ... Ernst Karl Abbe Ernst Karl Abbe (January 23, 1840 in Eisenach – January 14, 1905 in Jena), was a German physicist. ... Carl Zeiss (September 11, 1816 – December 3, 1888) was an optician commonly known for the company he founded, Zeiss. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

Sister cities

Image File history File links Flag_of_Romania. ... Lugoj (-Romanian, Hungarian: Lugos, German: Lugosch) (postal code: 305500) is a city in TimiÅŸ county, Transylvania, Romania, situated on both banks of the TimiÅŸ River, which divides the town in two quarters, the Romanian on the right and the German on the left bank. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Erlangen around 1915 Erlangen is a German city in Middle Franconia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Nicaragua. ... San Marcos is a city in the province of Carazo in Nicaragua. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Aubervilliers is a town and commune of France, in the north-eastern suburbs of Paris, on which it is bordering. ...

External links

Jena travel guide from Wikitravel Wikitravel is a project to create an open content, complete, up-to-date, and reliable world-wide travel guide. ...

  • Official Homepage of Jena (German) (English)
  • Jena: pictures
  • Jenah local public transport information (German)
  • Fachhochschule Jena (English) (German)
  • Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena
  • Oriental Coin Cabinet of the Friedrich-Schiller-University (German)
  • Events, locations & community for Jena (German)

References

  1. ^ Thüringer Landesamt für Statistik. Population of Thuringia by district. Retrieved on 2007-08-10.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Jena - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (279 words)
Jena is a town in central Germany on the River Saale.
Jena was first mentioned in 1236 and developed as a market town up until the foundation of the university in 1558.
The Friedrich Schiller University of Jena was founded in 1558 as the "Collegium Jenense".
Jena - definition of Jena in Encyclopedia (116 words)
Jena is a city in central Germany on the River Saale in Thuringia.
Jena is a manufacturing city, specializing in precision machinery, pharmaceuticals, optics and photographic equipment, and home to the famous Zeiss optics plant.
The university "Friedrich Schiller" at Jena was founded in 1558.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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