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Encyclopedia > Jeffrey Moussaieff Masson
Dr. Jeffrey Masson

Jeffrey Moussaieff Masson (b. March 28, 1941 as Jeffrey Lloyd Masson), an American residing in New Zealand, is the author of a number of books on a wide range of subjects. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 586 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3484 × 3567 pixel, file size: 906 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 586 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3484 × 3567 pixel, file size: 906 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... is the 87th day of the year (88th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the movie, see 1941 (film). ...


He has written extensively on animal rights philosophy, but is perhaps best-known for concluding that Sigmund Freud changed his mind early in his career about his "seduction theory:" the truth of the childhood sexual abuse many of his women patients alleged to have experienced, and the negative impact the abuse had on their lives. Masson argues that Freud feared that granting the truth of these reports would hinder the acceptance of the psychoanalytic methods he had pioneered. The psychoanalytic community largely rejects Masson's conclusions.[citation needed] They have never been deeply discussed though. Masson writes that people used to be very interested in his looks and clothings and in his socalled character, but -as far as the cause was concerned- scientific silence. A civet, or sea fox, photographed in the Zigong Peoples Zoo, Sichuan, 2001. ... Sigmund Freud (IPA: ), born Sigismund Schlomo Freud (May 6, 1856 – September 23, 1939), was an Austrian neurologist and psychiatrist who co-founded the psychoanalytic school of psychology. ... Freuds seduction theory was a hypothesis developed in the 1890s by noted psychiatrist Sigmund Freud to explain the claims of sexual abuse amongst his patients. ... Psychoanalysis is a family of psychological theories and methods based on the work of Sigmund Freud. ...

Contents

Life and work

Masson was born into a comfortable American Jewish family. His parents were ardent followers of the British mystic Paul Brunton. During the 1940s and '50s, Brunton often lived in the Masson household, eventually designating Jeffrey as his heir apparent. In 1956, the Massons moved to Uruguay because Brunton believed that a third world war was imminent. At Brunton's urging, Jeffrey went to Harvard University to study Sanskrit. While at Harvard, Masson became disillusioned with Brunton. Brunton and his influence and the Masson family form the subject of Masson's autobiographical book My Father's Guru: A Journey Through Spirituality and Disillusion. For other uses, see Jew (disambiguation). ... Paul Brunton (October 21, 1898 - July 27, 1981) born under the name Raphael Hurst who changed his name into Brunton Paul and then Paul Brunton was a British philosopher, mystic, traveler, and guru. ... Harvard University (incorporated as The President and Fellows of Harvard College) is a private university in Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA and a member of the Ivy League. ... The Sanskrit language ( , for short ) is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Jainism, and one of the 23 official languages of India. ...


Harvard University granted Masson a B.A. in 1964 and a Ph.D. with Honors in 1970; both degrees were in Sanskrit and Indian Studies. While doing his Ph.D., Masson also studied, supported by fellowships, at the Ecole Normale Supérieure in Paris, the University of Calcutta, and the University of Poona. He taught Sanskrit and Indian Studies at the University of Toronto, 1969-80, rising to the rank of Professor. He has also held short term appointments at Brown University, the University of California, and the University of Michigan. From 1981 to 1992, he was a Research Associate, Department of South and Southeast Asian Studies, at the University of California at Berkeley. He is currently an Honorary Fellow in the Department of Philosophy at the University of Auckland in New Zealand. Harvard University (incorporated as The President and Fellows of Harvard College) is a private university in Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA and a member of the Ivy League. ... The Sanskrit language ( , for short ) is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Jainism, and one of the 23 official languages of India. ... Indology refers to the academic study of the history, languages, and cultures of the Indian subcontinent. ... The quadrangle at the main ENS building on rue dUlm is known as the Cour aux Ernests – the Ernests being the goldfish in the pond. ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) The Eiffel Tower in Paris, as seen from the esplanade du Trocadéro. ... Formally established on the 24 January 1857, the University of Calcutta (also known as Calcutta University) (Bengali: কলকাতা বিশ্ববিদ্যালয়), located in the city of Kolkata (previously Calcutta), India, is the first modern university in the Indian subcontinent. ... The University of Pune (formerly the University of Poona) is a university located in northwest Pune. ... The University of Toronto (U of T) is a coeducational public research university in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Brown University is a private university located in Providence, Rhode Island. ... Berkeley Davis Irvine Los Angeles Merced San Diego Santa Barbara Santa Cruz UC Office of the President in Oakland The University of California (UC) is a public university system in the state of California. ... The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor (U of M, U-M or simply Michigan) is a coeducational public research university in the state of Michigan, and one of the foremost universities in the United States. ... Berkeley Davis Irvine Los Angeles Merced San Diego Santa Barbara Santa Cruz UC Office of the President in Oakland The University of California (UC) is a public university system in the state of California. ... The philosopher Socrates about to take poison hemlock as ordered by the court. ... The University of Auckland (Māori: Te Whare Wānanga o Tāmaki Makaurau) is New Zealands largest research-based university. ...


In 1970, Masson began studying to become a psychoanalyst at the Toronto Psychoanalytic Institute, completing a full clinical training course in 1978. During this time, he became close friends with the psychoanalyst Kurt Eissler, and later became acquainted with Sigmund Freud's daughter Anna Freud. The elderly Eissler designated Masson to succeed him as Director of the Sigmund Freud Archives, one of the highest positions in psychoanalytic circles, after his and Anna Freud's death. Masson learned German, undertook a close study of the history of psychoanalysis, and in 1980 was appointed Projects Director of the Freud Archives, with full access to Freud's correspondence and other unpublished papers. While perusing this material, Masson soon concluded that Freud, in order to advance the cause of psychoanalysis and to maintain his own place within the psychoanalytic inner circle, had rejected his own seduction theory, so-called, to the effect that childhood reports of sexual abuse were real, proposing instead that many, if not most, such reports were fantasies. [1] Sigmund Freud (IPA: ), born Sigismund Schlomo Freud (May 6, 1856 – September 23, 1939), was an Austrian neurologist and psychiatrist who co-founded the psychoanalytic school of psychology. ... Anna Freud (December 3, 1895 - October 9, 1982) was the sixth and last child of Sigmund and Martha Freud. ... The Sigmund Freud Archives mainly consists of a trove of documents housed at the US Library of Congress and in a former residence of Freud. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


In 1981, Masson's controversial conclusions were discussed in a series of New York Times articles by Ralph Blumenthal, to the considerable dismay of the psychoanalytic establishment. Shortly thereafter, Masson was dismissed from his position as project director of the Freud Archives [2], and stripped of his membership in psychoanalytic professional societies. He subsequently wrote several books critical of psychoanalysis, psychotherapy and psychiatry, starting with The Assault on Truth: Freud's Suppression of the Seduction Theory. When he decided to publish his unpopular views about child sexual abuse, it was Alice Miller who first came to his aid, encouraging him to stand up against the combined might of the psychoanalytic establishment. Most persons professionally involved with psychoanalysis dispute Masson's allegation that Freud suppressed evidence that many of his patients had been sexually abused as children. Masson has countered that Freud did not grasp the nature of psychological trauma. The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ... Psychotherapy is an interpersonal, relational intervention used by trained psychotherapists to aid clients in problems of living. ... Psychiatry is a branch of medicine dealing with the prevention, assessment, diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of the mind and mental illness. ... Alice Miller (born 1923) is a psychologist noted for her work on child abuse and its effects upon society as well as the lives of individuals. ... Psychological trauma is a type of damage to the psyche that occurs as a result of a traumatic event. ...


Janet Malcolm interviewed Masson at length when writing her long New Yorker article on this controversy. Masson successfully sued the New Yorker for defamation, claiming that Malcolm had misquoted him; the ensuing trial drew considerable attention. Janet Malcolm Janet Malcolm (born 1934) is an American writer and journalist on the staff of The New Yorker magazine. ... New Yorker may refer to: the magazine, The New Yorker a resident of New York City the hotel New Yorker a named passenger train operated by the Pennsylvania Railroad between Detroit, MI and New York, NY This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that...


In recent years, Masson has written several books on the emotional life of animals, one of which, When Elephants Weep, has been translated into twenty languages. He also wrote a book about his new home-country New Zealand, including an interview with Sir Edmund Hillary. He was once engaged to the feminist legal scholar Catharine A. MacKinnon, who wrote the preface to A Dark Science. Masson explains why he changed so radically the subject of his writing career: Emotional redirects here. ... Sir Edmund Percival Hillary, KG, ONZ, KBE (born 20 July 1919) is a New Zealand mountaineer and explorer. ... Catharine MacKinnon (born 7th October 1946) is an American feminist and lawyer. ...

I'd written a whole series of books about psychiatry, and nobody bought them. Nobody liked them. Nobody. Psychiatrists hated them, and they were much too abstruse for the general public. It was very hard to make a living, and I thought, As long as I'm not making a living, I may as well write about something I really love: animals.[3]



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Jeffrey Moussaieff Masson



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Personal life

He is married to Leila Siller, a pediatrician; they have two children: Ilan and Manu. Masson also has a daughter from a previous marriage.


Writings by Masson

Masson bibliography.

  • 1974. "India and the Unconscious: Erik Erikson on Gandhi," International Journal of Psycho-Analysis 55: 519-26
  • 1978. "Buried Memories on the Acropolis. Freud's Relation to Mysticism and Anti-Semitism", 59 (1978): 199-208. (Jeffrey Masson und Terri C. Masson)
  • 1980. The Oceanic Feeling: The Origins of Religious Sentiment in Ancient India.
  • 1981. The Peacock's Egg: Love Poems from Ancient India, W. S. Merwin and J. Moussaieff Masson, eds. ISBN 0-86547-059-6
  • 1984. The Assault on Truth: Freud's Suppression of the Seduction Theory. Farrar Straus & Giroux. ISBN 0-374-10642-8
  • 1985. The Complete Letters of Sigmund Freud to Wilhelm Fliess, 1887-1904, (editor) ISBN 0-674-15420-7
  • A Dark Science: Women, Sexuality and Psychiatry in the Nineteenth Century. ISBN 0-374-13501-0
  • 1988. Against Therapy: Emotional Tyranny and the Myth of Psychological Healing. ISBN 0-689-11929-1
  • 1990. Final Analysis: The Making and Unmaking of A Psychoanalyst. Addison-Wesley. ISBN 0-201-52368-X.
  • 1993. My Father's Guru: A Journey Through Spirituality and Disillusion, Addison-Wesley. ISBN 0-201-56778-4
  • Dogs Never Lie About Love: Reflections on the Emotional World of Dogs.
  • 1995. When Elephants Weep: The Emotional Life of Animals.
  • The Pig Who Sang to the Moon: The Emotional World of Farm Animals.
  • The Nine Emotional Lives of Cats: A Journey Into the Feline Heart.
  • The Cat Who Came in from the Cold. Wheeler. ISBN 1587249146
  • The Emperors Embrace Reflections on Animal Families and Fatherhood.
  • The Evolution of Fatherhood: A Celebration of Animal and Human Families.
  • Raising the Peaceable Kingdom: What Animals Can Teach Us about the Social Origins of Tolerance and Friendship.
  • Lost Prince : The Unsolved Mystery of Kaspar Hauser. [4]
  • Slipping into Paradise: Why I live in New Zealand. ISBN 0-345-46634-9
  • 2006. Altruistic Armadillos - Zen-Like Zebras: A Menagerie of 100 Favorite Animals. ISBN 978-0-345-47881-8 (0-345-47881-9)
  • undated, [1]
  • 1995 A Note on U.G. Krishnamurti

Various Religious symbols, including (first row) Christian, Jewish, Hindu, Bahai, (second row) Islamic, tribal, Taoist, Shinto (third row) Buddhist, Sikh, Hindu, Jain, (fourth row) Ayyavazhi, Triple Goddess, Maltese cross, pre-Christian Slavonic Religion is the adherence to codified beliefs and rituals that generally involve a faith in a spiritual... William Stanley (W.S.) Merwin was born on September 30, 1927 in New York City and grew up in Union City, New Jersey, and Scranton, Pennsylvania. ... Sigmund Freud (IPA: ), born Sigismund Schlomo Freud (May 6, 1856 – September 23, 1939), was an Austrian neurologist and psychiatrist who co-founded the psychoanalytic school of psychology. ... Wilhelm Fliess (1858–1928) was a German otorhinolaryngologist who practiced in Berlin. ... // Public flight demonstration of an airplane by Alberto Santos-Dumont in Paris, November 12, 1906. ... Genera Chlamyphorus Cabassous Chaetophractus Dasypus Euphractus Priodontes Tolypeutes Zaedyus Armadillos are any of several small mammals of the family Dasypodidae, mostly known for having a bony armor shell. ... Species Equus zebra Equus hartmannae Equus quagga Equus grevyi The Zebra is a part of the horse family, Equidae, native to central, eastern and southern Africa. ... Uppaluri Gopala Krishnamurti can be called a guru in that many people come to him looking for spiritual guidance. ...

Book reviews

  • The Original Letters of Sigmund Freud to Wilhelm Fliess 1887-1904 [2]
  • 1988. Against Therapy, by Jeanne Stubbs
  • 1988. Against Therapy, by Wray Herbert
  • Review by: Michael Sacks Final Analysis
  • Breaking Away From the Cult Final Analysis

Notes

  1. ^ "Did Freud's Isolation Lead Him to Reverse Theory on Neurosis?" by Ralph Blumenthal, New York Times, August 25, 1981
  2. ^ "Freud Archives Research Chief Removed in Dispute Over Yale Talk" by Ralph Blumenthal, New York Times November 9, 1981
  3. ^ http://www.powells.com/authors/masson.html
  4. ^ Review

The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ... is the 237th day of the year (238th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ...

External links

Interviews

  • "Walking on the Beach with Jeffrey Masson's Cats"

  Results from FactBites:
 
Jeffrey Masson - Bestselling Author of Books about the Emotional Lives of Animals (200 words)
Jeffrey Masson - Bestselling Author of Books about the Emotional Lives of Animals
Jeffrey Moussaieff Masson is a writer who lives with his family in New Zealand.
He most frequently lectures on the question of animal emotions, but is happy to speak about anything to do with animals as long as the slant is animal rights.
Jeffrey Moussaieff Masson - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (446 words)
Jeffrey Moussaieff Masson (born 1941) was a Sanskrit specialist who trained as a psychoanalyst in Toronto, Canada.
Masson's psychoanalytic practice was not very successful but, based on his friendship with Eissler, he moved in the highest circles of psychoanalysis.
Word of Masson's controversial position reached the New Yorker Magazine, and after Masson was interviewed by a reporter his theories were published in the New Yorker to the dismay of the psychoanalytic establishment.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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