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Encyclopedia > Jefferson County, Washington
Port Townsend from Ferry
Port Townsend from Ferry
Jefferson County, Washington
Map
Map of Washington highlighting Jefferson County
Location in the state of Washington
Map of the USA highlighting Washington
Washington's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded December 22, 1852
Seat Port Townsend
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water
 
5,655 km² (2,184 mi²)
4,699 km² (1,814 mi²)
956 km² (369 mi²), 16.91%
Population
 - (2000)
 - Density
 
25,953
6/km² 
Website: www.co.jefferson.wa.us

Jefferson County is a county located in the U.S. state of Washington and named after Thomas Jefferson. As of 2000, the population was 25,953. The county seat is at Port Townsend, which is also the county's only incorporated city. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (3456 × 2304 pixels, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (3456 × 2304 pixels, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Map_of_Washington_highlighting_Jefferson_County. ... For the capital city of the United States, see Washington, D.C.. For other uses, see Washington (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Map_of_USA_WA.svg‎ File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Washington ... is the 356th day of the year (357th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1852 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Port Townsend is a city located in Jefferson County, Washington. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... A county is generally a sub-unit of regional self-government within a sovereign jurisdiction. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of... For the capital city of the United States, see Washington, D.C.. For other uses, see Washington (disambiguation). ... Thomas Jefferson (13 April 1743 N.S.–4 July 1826) was the third President of the United States (1801–09), the principal author of the Declaration of Independence (1776), and one of the most influential Founding Fathers for his promotion of the ideals of Republicanism in the United States. ... Port Townsend is a city located in Jefferson County, Washington. ...


Jefferson County was formed out of Thurston County on December 22, 1852, by the legislature of Oregon Territory[1], and included the northern 12,571 km² (4,854 mi²) portion of the Olympic Peninsula. On April 26, 1854 the legislature of Washington Territory created Clallam County from the northwestern 6,916 km² (2,670 mi²) portion of this original area. Thurston County is a county located in the U.S. state of Washington. ... is the 356th day of the year (357th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1852 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... The Oregon Territory is the name applied both to the unorganized Oregon Country claimed by both the United States and Britain, as well as to the organized U.S. territory formed from it that existed between 1848 and 1859. ... The Olympic Peninsula is the large arm of land in western Washington state that lies across Puget Sound from Seattle. ... Categories: Historical stubs | Washington history | U.S. historical regions and territories ... Clallam County is a county in the U.S. state of Washington. ...


The Hood Canal Bridge connects Jefferson County to Kitsap County, Washington. The Keystone-Port Townsend route of the Washington State Ferries connects the county to Whidbey Island in Island County, Washington. The Hood Canal Bridge is located in Washington state in the USA on Washington State Route 104 and connects the Olympic Peninsula and the Kitsap Peninsula across the Hood Canal. ... Kitsap County is a county located in the U.S. state of Washington, named after Chief Kitsap of the Suquamish tribe. ... Keystone is a small unincorporated community on Whidbey Island near the Washington State Ferries dock to Port Townsend, in Island County. ... Port Townsend is a city located in Jefferson County, Washington. ... Washington state maintains the largest fleet of passenger and auto ferries in the United States and the third largest in the world. ... Whidbey Island Cultus Bay Low Tide Whidbey Island (historical spelling Whidby) is one of nine islands located in Island County, Washington State, in the United States Whidbey is located about 30 miles (50 km) north of Seattle, and lies between the Olympic Peninsula and the I-5 corridor of western... Island County is a county located in the U.S. state of Washington. ...

Contents

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 5,655 km² (2,184 mi²). 4,699 km² (1,814 mi²) of it is land and 956 km² (369 mi²) of it (16.91%) is water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


The county is split in three parts by its landforms:

Because of the mountainous barrier, there is no road lying entirely within Jefferson County that connects the eastern and western parts. The most direct land route between the two ends of the county involves a drive of approximately 100 miles along U.S. Route 101 through neighbouring Clallam County. The mountains also block the damp Chinook winds, which make the climate very much more wet in the West than the so-called Eastern "banana belt" in the rain shadow. The original formation of Jefferson County during a time when [2] the Oregon Territory was poorly explored is now generally recognized as a geographical error, but an error which cannot be conveniently rectified. The Strait of Juan de Fuca separates Vancouver Island of British Columbia from the Olympic Peninsula of Washington state. ... Admirality Inlet is an arm of the Pacific Ocean in the northwestern United States. ... Puget Sound For the university in this region, see University of Puget Sound. ... The Olympic Mountains The Olympic Mountains are a mountain range on the Olympic Peninsula of western Washington in the United States. ... Olympic National Park is located in the U.S. state of Washington, in the far northwestern part of the state known as the Olympic Peninsula. ... The Olympic National Forest is a national forest located in Washingtons Olympic Peninsula. ... The Olympic Mountains The Olympic Mountains are a mountain range on the Olympic Peninsula of western Washington in the United States. ... Highway 101 redirects here. ... Clallam County is a county in the U.S. state of Washington. ... The Olympic Mountains The Olympic Mountains are a mountain range on the Olympic Peninsula of western Washington in the United States. ... Image:Shitnook wind. ... The term banana belt is a typical informal geographic term used to describe a relatively small region in an area (such as a state, a part of a state, a mountain range, etc. ... For the television series see Rain Shadow. ... The Oregon Territory is the name applied both to the unorganized Oregon Country claimed by both the United States and Britain, as well as to the organized U.S. territory formed from it that existed between 1848 and 1859. ...


Geographic features

Admirality Inlet is an arm of the Pacific Ocean in the northwestern United States. ... Discovery Bay is an unincorporated community in Jefferson County, Washington. ... Great Bend of Hood Canal from the southeast Hood Canal, is a fjord off Puget Sound in the U.S. state of Washington, with an average width of 1. ... For other peaks with the same name, see Olympus (disambiguation). ... The Olympic Mountains The Olympic Mountains are a mountain range on the Olympic Peninsula of western Washington in the United States. ... The Olympic Peninsula is the large arm of land in western Washington state that lies across Puget Sound from Seattle. ... Point Wilson is on the Fort Worden Military Reservation about two miles north of Port Townsend, Washington. ... Port Townsend Bay is a marine inlet off Admiralty Inlet at the northeastern extreme of the Olympic Peninsula in the American state of Washington. ... Protection Island is an island lying in the Strait of Juan de Fuca just north of Discovery Bay in northeastern Jefferson County, Washington, USA. The island has a land area of 1. ... Puget Sound For the university in this region, see University of Puget Sound. ... The Queets River is located in the Olympic Peninsula in Washington State. ... The Quimper Peninsula is a narrow peninsula forming the most northeastern extent of the Olympic Peninsula of Washington state in the northwestern United States of America. ... The Strait of Juan de Fuca separates Vancouver Island of British Columbia from the Olympic Peninsula of Washington state. ...

Major highways

Highway 101 redirects here. ... Washington State Route 20, Highway 20, SR-20, or The North Cascades Highway is a State Highway (Route) in Washington State. ... Washington State Route 104 is a highway in the state of Washington, U.S.A. It extends from Discovery Bay in the northwest to Lake Forest Park in the southeast. ...

Adjacent counties

Also shares northern border with Canada (across the Strait of Juan de Fuca). Island County is a county located in the U.S. state of Washington. ... Kitsap County is a county located in the U.S. state of Washington, named after Chief Kitsap of the Suquamish tribe. ... Mason County is a county located in the state of Washington. ... Grays Harbor County is a county located in the U.S. state of Washington. ... Clallam County is a county in the U.S. state of Washington. ... The Strait of Juan de Fuca separates Vancouver Island of British Columbia from the Olympic Peninsula of Washington state. ...


Demographics

As of the census² of 2000, there were 25,953 people, 11,645 households, and 7,580 families residing in the county. The population density was 6/km² (14/mi²). There were 14,144 housing units at an average density of 3/km² (8/mi²). The racial makeup of the county was 92.17% White, 0.42% Black or African American, 2.31% Native American, 1.19% Asian, 0.13% Pacific Islander, 0.76% from other races, and 3.02% from two or more races. 2.06% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 17.4% were of German, 14.8% English, 9.9% Irish and 7.5% Norwegian ancestry according to Census 2000. 97.1% spoke English and 1.0% Spanish as their first language. Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ... The following is a list of sources used in the creation of encyclopedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... This article is about the English as an ethnic group and nation. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ...


There were 11,645 households out of which 23.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.60% were married couples living together, 8.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.90% were non-families. 28.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 2.67. Marriage is an interpersonal relationship with governmental, social, or religious recognition, usually intimate and sexual, and often created as a contract, or through civil process. ...


In the county, the population was spread out with 19.80% under the age of 18, 5.00% from 18 to 24, 21.60% from 25 to 44, 32.50% from 45 to 64, and 21.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 47 years. For every 100 females there were 95.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.40 males.


The median income for a household in the county was $37,869, and the median income for a family was $45,415. Males had a median income of $37,210 versus $25,831 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,211. About 7.20% of families and 11.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.60% of those under age 18 and 6.00% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Politics

Jefferson County is a staunchly Democratic area, with even rural areas giving significant margins to John Kerry against George W. Bush in the 2004 U.S. presidential election. Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic... John Forbes Kerry (born December 11, 1943) is the junior United States Senator from Massachusetts, in his fourth term of office. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the forty-third and current President of the United States of America, originally inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ...


The communities in the Eastern and Western halves of Jefferson County tend to not mingle much, because of the barrier dividing the county. The communities also differ in amount and sources of family income, and population size and density, with the West being more dependent on logging, somewhat less prosperous, and having fewer people for roughly the same area. Port Townsend, located in the relatively populous East is gradually developing into a retirement community. Areas of East Jefferson County located south of Port Townsend remain largely rural and can be divided into two parts, those communities located on the Hood Canal and those on the Admiralty Inlet. Because of persistent differences in local self-interest, the two sides of the county regularly experience political friction. Perennial discussions and attempts to separate the West half from the East gained little support during the twentieth century because of the perception that less prosperous West is subsidised by the East from which it would secede, leaving it worse rather than better-off, and giving adjoining counties little reason to wish to annex the West. The Olympic Mountains The Olympic Mountains are a mountain range on the Olympic Peninsula of western Washington in the United States. ... Logging is the process in which trees are cut down usually as part of a timber harvest which is good for the environment. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s The 20th century lasted from 1901 to 2000 in the Gregorian calendar (often from (1900 to 1999 in common usage). ...


County seat Port Townsend casts a significant number of votes, and voted for John Kerry by a margin of over 3-to-1. Areas outside of Port Townsend (such as Cape George) gave Kerry 2-to-1 victory margins. Democrats also do well in the small towns of northern Jefferson County, with strong Democratic leans in Coyle, Discovery Bay, Gardiner, and Nordland, as well as in the towns just southeast of Port Townsend (Chimacum, Irondale, Kala Point, and Port Hadlock). Democrats also perform strongly in the sparsely-populated western part of the county, where much of the population is Native American. Port Townsend is a city located in Jefferson County, Washington. ... Cape George is an unincorporated community on the Olympic Peninsula of the American state of Washington. ... Discovery Bay is an unincorporated community in Jefferson County, Washington. ... Gardiner is an unincorporated community in Jefferson County, Washington. ... Marrowstone is a census-designated place located in Jefferson County, Washington, USA. As of the 2000 census, the CDP had a total population of 837. ... Chimacum is an unincorporated community on the Olympic Peninsula in the American state of Washington at coordinates , . It was named after the Chemakum (or Chimacum) group of Native Americans that lived there until the late 19th century. ... Port Hadlock-Irondale is a census-designated place located in Jefferson County, Washington. ... Port Hadlock-Irondale is a census-designated place located in Jefferson County, Washington. ...


Republicans tend to win small victories in several parties of the county, such as the sparsely-populated area around Crocker Lake. Although it has trended Democratic in recent years, Port Ludlow — an affluent area that casts a notable number of votes — still has a Republican lean (although the north part of Port Ludlow has become a marginally Democratic area). Port Ludlow is a census-designated place located in Jefferson County, Washington. ...


Census-recognized communities

Brinnon is a census-designated place located in Jefferson County, Washington. ... Marrowstone is a census-designated place located in Jefferson County, Washington, USA. As of the 2000 census, the CDP had a total population of 837. ... Port Hadlock-Irondale is a census-designated place located in Jefferson County, Washington. ... Port Ludlow is a census-designated place located in Jefferson County, Washington. ... Port Townsend is a city located in Jefferson County, Washington. ... Quilcene is a census-designated place located in Jefferson County, Washington. ...

Other communities

Beckett Point is a small point jutting out into Discovery Bay located ten miles from the city of Port Townsend, Washington, USA. The Point is owned by the Beckett Point Fishermans Club, which leases out 96 homes. ... Center is an unincorporated community in Jefferson County, Washington. ... Chimacum is an unincorporated community on the Olympic Peninsula in the American state of Washington at coordinates , . It was named after the Chemakum (or Chimacum) group of Native Americans that lived there until the late 19th century. ... Clearwater is an unincorporated community in Jefferson County, Washington. ... Discovery Bay is an unincorporated community in Jefferson County, Washington. ... Gardiner is an unincorporated community in Jefferson County, Washington. ... Indian Island is a small unincorporated community in Jefferson County, Washington. ... Kalaloch, Washington is a resort on the bluffs just off of Highway 101 on the Olympic Pinnsula in Washington State overlooking the Pacific Ocean. ... Queets is an unincorporated community in Jefferson County, Washington. ...

External links

Coordinates: 47°50′N 123°35′W / 47.84, -123.58 Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Jefferson County, Washington - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (999 words)
Jefferson County was formed out of Thurston County on December 22, 1852, by the legislature of Oregon Territory[1], and included the northern 12,571 km² (4,854 mi²) portion of the Olympic Peninsula.
In the county, the population was spread out with 19.80% under the age of 18, 5.00% from 18 to 24, 21.60% from 25 to 44, 32.50% from 45 to 64, and 21.10% who were 65 years of age or older.
Jefferson County is a staunchly Democratic area, with even rural areas giving significant margins to John Kerry against George W. Bush in the 2004 U.S. presidential election.
PUD No. 1 of Jefferson County v. Washington Department of Ecology (3750 words)
Washington's Class AA water quality standards are typical in that they contain several open-ended criteria which, like the use designation of the river as a fishery, must be translated into specific limitations for individual projects.
The State of Washington's antidegradation policy in turn provides that "existing beneficial uses shall be maintained and protected and no further degradation which would interfere with or become injurious to existing beneficial uses will be allowed." WAC 173-201-035(8)(a) (1986).
The judgment of the Supreme Court of Washington, accordingly, is affirmed.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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