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Encyclopedia > Jefferson County, Alabama
Jefferson County, Alabama
Seal of Jefferson County, Alabama
Seal (Detail)
Map of Alabama highlighting Jefferson County
Location in the state of Alabama
Formed December 13, 1819
Seat Birmingham
Area
 - Total
 - Water

2,911 km² (1,124 mi²)
29 km² (11 mi²) 1.00% 
Population
 - (2002)
 - Density

662,047
230/km² (595/mi²)/km² 
Official Website
www.jeffcointouch.com

Jefferson County is the most densely populated county in the State of Alabama the county seat being Birmingham. As of 2000 U.S. Census, the population of Jefferson County was 662,047. Jefferson County is the most populated and principal county in the Greater Birmingham area. Image File history File links Jeffersoncounty. ... Seal on envelope A seal is an impression printed on, embossed upon, or affixed to a document (or any other object) in order to authenticate it, in lieu of or in addition to a signature. ... Image File history File links Jefferson_County_Alabama. ... December 13 is the 347th day of the year (348th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1819 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... A county seat is an administrative centre for a county. ... Birmingham is the largest city in the U.S. state of Alabama and the county seat of Jefferson County. ... This article explains the meaning of area as a physical quantity. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is the area equal to a square with sides each 1 mile long. ... Density (symbol: ρ - Greek: rho) is a measure of mass per unit of volume. ... Originally, in continental Europe, a county was the land under the jurisdiction of a count. ... A U.S. state is any one of the fifty states (four of which officially favor the term commonwealth) which, together with the District of Columbia and Palmyra Atoll (an uninhabited incorporated unorganized territory), form the United States of America. ... State nickname: Camellia State, The Heart of Dixie¹, Yellowhammer State Other U.S. States Capital Montgomery Largest city Birmingham Governor Bob Riley (R) Senators Richard Shelby (R) Jeff Sessions (R) Official language(s) English Area 52,423 mi²/135,775 km² (30th)  - Land 50,750 mi²/131,442 km²  - Water... A county seat is an administrative centre for a county. ... Birmingham is the largest city in the U.S. state of Alabama and the county seat of Jefferson County. ... This article is about the year 2000. ... The U.S. Census is mandated by the United States Constitution. ... Birmingham-Hoover-Cullman Metropolitan Area The Birmingham-Hoover-Cullman Metropolitan Area also known as Greater Birmingham, is made up of 8 counties in Central Alabama. ...

Contents


History

Jefferson County was established on December 13, 1819 by the Alabama legislature. It was named in honor of Thomas Jefferson. The county is located in the north-central portion of the state, on the southern extension of the Appalachians, in the center of the iron, coal and limestone belt of the South. Jefferson County is bordered by Blount, Bibb, St. Clair, Shelby, Tuscaloosa, and Walker counties. It encompasses 1,119 square miles. The county seat was at Carrollsville from 1819-21, at Elyton from 1821-73, and since 1873 has been at Birmingham, which was named for England's iron and steel center in Warwickshire. December 13 is the 347th day of the year (348th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1819 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Thomas Jefferson (April 13 (April 2 O.S.), 1743 – July 4, 1826) was the third (1801–1809) President of the United States, second (1797–1801) Vice President, first (1789–1795) United States Secretary of State, and an American statesman, ambassador to France, political philosopher, revolutionary, agriculturalist, horticulturist, land owner, architect... Blount County is a county located in the U.S. state of Alabama. ... Bibb County, Alabama is a county of the State of Alabama. ... St. ... Shelby County is a county of the State of Alabama and is named in honor of Isaac Shelby, Governor of Kentucky. ... Tuscaloosa County is a county of the U.S. state of Alabama. ... Walker County is a county of the State of Alabama. ...


Government and Law

Jefferson County is one of the few counties in Alabama that has a limited-form of home rule government. This limited ability of home rule allows the county to be able to land use zoning, maintenance sewer system and roads, garbage disposal, and to enforce taxation (except property taxes). The county is governed by a five-member commission with legislative and executive duties. The Commissioners are elected by a vote of the district that they represent instead of an "at large" election as was done in the past. Each individual county commissioner represents one of the five individual districts in the county. By commission vote they are given executive responsibilities for the departments that fall under the categories of Roads and Transportation and Community Development, Environmental Services, Health and Human Services, Technology and Land Development, or Finance and General services. The commission elects its own President, who chairs commission meetings and has additional executive duties. The current commission President is Larry P. Langford. Devolution or Home rule is the pooling of powers from central government to government at regional or local level. ...


Jefferson County is served by the Jefferson County Sheriff's Department. The Sheriff is chosen in an "at large" election. The current sheriff of Jefferson County is Mike Hale. The department fields about 175 officers who patrol the unincorporated areas of the county and municipalities that do not have their own police. They maintain jails in Birmingham and Bessemer that house inmates awaiting trial and serving sentences.


The judicial system of Jefferson County is unique within the state because there are two judicial courthouses in the county. This came about when the state legislature made preparations to split off a portion of Jefferson county to create a new county with Bessemer as its county seat. The idea was dropped but the additional courthouse and parallel positions remain. The main courthouse is in Birmingham and the second, known as the courthouse annex, is located in Bessemer. There are elected officials who maintain offices in the annex such as the Assistant Tax Collector, Assistance Tax Assessor, and Assistant District Attorney.


Taxation

Jefferson County has a 9% sales tax on each dollar on anything from groceries to clothing items (the highest county sales tax rate in Alabama). In January 2005, a controversial addition 1% sales tax for the funding of construction of education facilities went to affect. This controversial tax was passed during a regular weekly of the Jefferson County Commission anonymously without any public approval in October 2004. This addition 1% has led to county municipalities like Fairfield to have sales tax rates as high as 10% on a dollar while other municipalities and incorporated communities saw an increase in their sales tax rate from 8% to 9%on each dollar. This tax has led as well as the county's limited ability to self-govern has been under subject of repeal by the Alabama State Legislature during the 2005 regular legislative session though the repeal of either (particular self-govern) is highly unlikely. Fairfield is a common place name in several English speaking countries. ... 2005 (MMV) is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,911 km² (1,124 mi²). 2,882 km² (1,113 mi²) of it is land and 29 km² (11 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 1.00% water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is the area equal to a square with sides each 1 mile long. ...


Demographics

As of the census2 of 2000, there are 662,047 people, 263,265 households, and 175,861 families residing in the county. The population density is 230/km² (595/mi²). There are 288,162 housing units at an average density of 100/km² (259/mi²). The racial makeup of the county is 58.10% White, 39.36% Black or African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.90% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.59% from other races, and 0.80% from two or more races. 1.55% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race. A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... The following is a list of sources used in the creation of Wikipedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ... This article is about the year 2000. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There are 263,265 households out of which 30.80% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.10% are married couples living together, 17.20% have a female householder with no husband present, and 33.20% are non-families. 28.70% of all households are made up of individuals and 9.90% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.45 and the average family size is 3.04. Marriage is a legal, social, and religious relationship between individuals which has formed the foundation of the family for most societies. ...


In the county the population is spread out with 24.80% under the age of 18, 9.60% from 18 to 24, 29.70% from 25 to 44, 22.30% from 45 to 64, and 13.60% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 36 years. For every 100 females there are 89.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 84.50 males.


The median income for a household in the county is $36,868, and the median income for a family is $45,951. Males have a median income of $35,954 versus $26,631 for females. The per capita income for the county is $20,892. 14.80% of the population and 11.60% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 20.20% of those under the age of 18 and 12.70% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Cities and towns

Adamsville is a city located in Jefferson County, Alabama, USA. As of the 2000 census, the population of the city is 4,965. ... Argo is a town located in Jefferson County, Alabama. ... St. ... Bessemer is a city located in Jefferson County, Alabama. ... Birmingham is the largest city in the U.S. state of Alabama and the county seat of Jefferson County. ... Shelby County is a county of the State of Alabama and is named in honor of Isaac Shelby, Governor of Kentucky. ... Brighton is a city located in Jefferson County, Alabama. ... Brookside is a town located in Jefferson County, Alabama. ... Cahaba Heights is an unincorporated community and census-designated place located in Jefferson County, Alabama. ... Cardiff is a town located in Jefferson County, Alabama. ... Center Point is a newly incorporated city and a former census-designated place located in Jefferson County, Alabama. ... Chalkville is an unincorporated community and census-designated place located in Jefferson County, Alabama. ... Clay is a newly formed incorporated city located in northeastern Jefferson County, Alabama, USA. As of the 2000 census, the population of the community is 4,947. ... Concord is a census-designated place located in Jefferson County, Alabama. ... County Line is a town located in Blount County, Alabama. ... Blount County is a county located in the U.S. state of Alabama. ... Edgewater is a census-designated place located in Jefferson County, Alabama. ... Fairfield, founded in 1910 is a city located in Jefferson County, Alabama with a population of 12,381. ... Forestdale is an unincorporated community and census-designated place located in Jefferson County, Alabama. ... Fultondale is a city located in Jefferson County, Alabama. ... Gardendale is a city located in Jefferson County, Alabama. ... Grayson Valley is an unincorporated community and census-designated place located in Jefferson County, Alabama. ... Graysville is a city located in Jefferson County, Alabama. ... Helena is a city located in Shelby County, Alabama. ... Shelby County is a county of the State of Alabama and is named in honor of Isaac Shelby, Governor of Kentucky. ... Homewood is a city located in Jefferson County, Alabama. ... Hoover is a city in Jefferson and Shelby counties in middle central Alabama. ... Shelby County is a county of the State of Alabama and is named in honor of Isaac Shelby, Governor of Kentucky. ... Hueytown is a city located in Jefferson County, Alabama. ... Irondale is a city located in Jefferson County, Alabama. ... Kimberly is a town located in Jefferson County, Alabama. ... Leeds is a city located in Jefferson County, Alabama. ... Shelby County is a county of the State of Alabama and is named in honor of Isaac Shelby, Governor of Kentucky. ... St. ... Lipscomb is a city located in Jefferson County, Alabama. ... Maytown is a town located in Jefferson County, Alabama. ... McDonald Chapel is a census-designated place located in Jefferson County, Alabama. ... Midfield is a city located in Jefferson County, Alabama. ... Minor is a census-designated place located in Jefferson County, Alabama. ... Morris is a town located in Jefferson County, Alabama. ... Mount Olive is an unincorporated community and census-designated place located in Jefferson County, Alabama. ... Mountain Brook is a city located in Jefferson County, Alabama . ... Mulga is a town located in Jefferson County, Alabama. ... North Johns is a town located in Jefferson County, Alabama. ... Pinson is an unincorporated community and census-designated place located in Jefferson County, Alabama. ... Pleasant Grove is a city located in Jefferson County, Alabama. ... Rock Creek is a census-designated place located in Jefferson County, Alabama. ... Sumiton is a city located in Walker County, Alabama. ... Walker County is a county of the State of Alabama. ... Sylvan Springs is a town located in Jefferson County, Alabama. ... Tarrant is a city located in Jefferson County, Alabama. ... Trafford is a town located in Jefferson County, Alabama. ... Trussville is a city located in Jefferson County, Alabama. ... St. ... Vestavia Hills is a city located in Jefferson County, Alabama, a suburb of the city of Birmingham. ... Shelby County is a county of the State of Alabama and is named in honor of Isaac Shelby, Governor of Kentucky. ... Warrior is a city located in Jefferson County, Alabama. ... Blount County is a county located in the U.S. state of Alabama. ... West Jefferson is a town located in Jefferson County, Alabama. ...

External links

Flag of Alabama State of Alabama
Capital: Montgomery
Largest Metro: Birmingham-Hoover-Cullman Metropolitan Area
Regions: Greater Birmingham | Black Belt | Central Alabama | Lower Alabama | Mobile Bay | North Alabama | South Alabama
Largest cities: Birmingham | Huntsville | Mobile | Montgomery
Major cities: Anniston | Auburn | Decatur | Dothan | Florence | Gadsden | Hoover | Tuscaloosa
All cities: List of cities in Alabama
Counties: Autauga | Baldwin | Barbour | Bibb | Blount | Bullock | Butler | Calhoun | Chambers | Cherokee | Chilton | Choctaw | Clarke | Clay | Cleburne | Coffee | Colbert | Conecuh | Coosa | Covington | Crenshaw | Cullman | Dale | Dallas | DeKalb | Elmore | Escambia | Etowah | Fayette | Franklin | Geneva | Greene | Hale | Henry | Houston | Jackson | Jefferson | Lamar | Lauderdale | Lawrence | Lee | Limestone | Lowndes | Macon | Madison | Marengo | Marion | Marshall | Mobile | Monroe | Montgomery | Morgan | Perry | Pickens | Pike | Randolph | Russell | Shelby | St. Clair | Sumter | Talladega | Tallapoosa | Tuscaloosa | Walker | Washington | Wilcox | Winston

  Results from FactBites:
 
Jefferson County, Alabama - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1068 words)
As of 2000 U.S. Census, the population of Jefferson County was 662,047.
Jefferson County was established on December 13, 1819 by the Alabama legislature.
The county is located in the north-central portion of the state, on the southern extension of the Appalachians, in the center of the iron, coal and limestone belt of the South.
Jefferson County, Alabama - encyclopedia article about Jefferson County, Alabama. (2743 words)
Jefferson County is the most densely populated county Originally, in continental Europe, a county was the land under the jurisdiction of a count.
Jefferson County was established on December 13 December 13 is the 347th day of the year (348th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar.
Jefferson County is one of the few counties in Alabama that has a limited-form of home rule Devolution or home rule is the granting of powers from central government to government at regional or local level.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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