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Encyclopedia > Jeff Hawkins

Jeff Hawkins (born June 1, 1957 in Huntington, New York) is the founder of Palm Computing (where he invented the Palm Pilot) [1] and Handspring (where he invented the Treo). [2] He has since turned to work on neuroscience full-time and has founded the Redwood Neuroscience Institute and published On Intelligence describing his memory-prediction framework theory of the brain. In 2003 he was elected as a member of the National Academy of Engineering "for the creation of the hand-held computing paradigm and the creation of the first commercially successful example of a hand-held computing device." June 1 is the 152nd day of the year (153rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Town of Huntington is located in northwestern Suffolk County, New York on the North Shore of Long Island. ... Categories: Corporation stubs | Electronics companies of the United States | Defunct computer companies of the United States ... The Palm corporation produces a number of Personal Digital Assistants (PDAs) which run the Palm operating system. ... A handspring is a gymnastic feat where the gymnast leaps forward from a standing position into a handstand and then onto his feet. ... Treos redirects here. ... Drawing of the cells in the chicken cerebellum by S. Ramón y Cajal Neuroscience is a field that is devoted to the scientific study of the nervous system. ... On Intelligence On Intelligence: How a New Understanding of the Brain will Lead to the Creation of Truly Intelligent Machines is a book by PalmPilot-inventor Jeff Hawkins with New York Times science writer Sandra Blakeslee. ... The memory-prediction framework is a theory of brain function that was created by Jeff Hawkins and described in his book On Intelligence. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Founded in 1964, the National Academy of Engineering (NAE) in the United States provides engineering leadership in service to the nation. ...

Contents

Early life and career

Hawkins grew up with an inventive family on the north shore of Long Island. They developed a floating air cushion platform that was used for waterfront concerts. He attended Cornell University, where he received a bachelor's degree in electrical engineering in 1979. He went to work for Intel, and then moved to GRiD Systems in 1982 where he developed Rapid Application Development (RAD) software. Hawkin's interest in pattern recognition for speech and text input to computers led him to enroll in the biophysics program at the University of California, Berkeley in 1986. While there he patented a "pattern classifier" for hand written text, but his PhD proposal was rejected, apparently because none of the professors there were working in that field. The setback led him back to GRiD, where as vice president of research he developed their pen-based computing initiative that in 1989 spawned the GRiDPad, one of the first tablet computers. Map showing Long Island; to the north is Connecticut and to the west are New York City and New Jersey. ... Cornell University is a private university located in Ithaca, New York, USA. Its two medical campuses are in New York City and Education City, Qatar. ... Intel Corporation (NASDAQ: INTC, SEHK: 4335), founded in 1968 as Integrated Electronics Corporation, is an American multinational corporation that is best known for designing and manufacturing microprocessors and specialized integrated circuits. ... GRiD was a laptop manufacturer that was mainly active during the 1980s. ... // [edit] History Application Development refers to the developing of programming applications and differs from programming itself in that it has a higher level of responsibility, including for requirement capturing and testing. ... Pattern recognition is a field within the area of machine learning. ... Sather tower (the Campanile) looking out over the San Francisco Bay and Mount Tamalpais. ... Toshiba Portege 3500 tablet PC, in tablet configuration. ... Toshiba Portege 3500 tablet PC, in tablet configuration. ...


Hawkins desired to move on with the development of a smaller, hand-held device, but executives at GRiD were reluctant to take the risk. Tandy Corporation had acquired GRiD in 1988, and they were willing to support Hawkins in a new venture company. Palm Computing was founded in January, 1992. Their first product was the Zoomer, a collaboration with Palm applications, GeoWorks OS, Casio hardware, and Tandy marketing. The Apple Newton came out about the same time, late 1993, but both products failed, partly due to poor character recognition software. Hawkins responded with Graffiti, a better recognition product that ran on both the Zoomer and the Newton. They also developed HotSync synchronization software for Hewlett Packard devices. Tandy Corporation is the former name of the parent company of RadioShack Corporation, a Fort Worth, Texas-based company best known for its RadioShack electronics stores. ... Zoomer Bold bare bones design, ultra fat tyres and bug eyed headlights. ... For the Japanese English education company or eikaiwa, please see the article GEOS (eikaiwa) GEOS (Graphic Environment Operating System) was an operating system from Berkeley Softworks (later GeoWorks). ... An operating system (OS) is a set of computer programs that manage the hardware and software resources of a computer. ... Casio Computer Co. ... The Apple Newton MessagePad The Apple Newton, or simply Newton, is an early line of personal digital assistants developed, manufactured and marketed by Apple Computer (now Apple Inc. ... A chart of the Graffiti characters (full size) Graffiti is the handwriting recognition software used in PDAs based on the Palm OS. Graffiti was originally written by Palm as an alternate recognition system for the Apple Newton MessagePad, when NewtonOS 1 couldnt recognize handwriting very well at all. ... Palm OS is a compact operating system developed and licensed by PalmSource, Inc. ... The Hewlett-Packard Company (NYSE: HPQ), commonly known as HP, is currently the worlds largest information technology corporation and is known worldwide for its printers and personal computers. ...


Hawkins searched for partners to build a simple new handheld, but was stymied until modem manufacturer U.S. Robotics stepped in with the financial backing and manufacturing expertise to bring the Palm Pilot to market in early 1996. By the fall of 1998, US Robotics new owner 3Com was hindering his plans, and Hawkins left the company along with Palm co-founders Donna Dubinsky and Ed Colligan to start Handspring, which debuted the Handspring Visor in September 1999. 3Com ended up spinning off Palm in March, 2000, which then merged with Handspring in August, 2003. A modem (from modulate and demodulate) is a device that modulates an analog carrier signal to encode digital information, and also demodulates such a carrier signal to decode the transmitted information. ... U.S. Robotics (popularly referred to by its acronym USR) is a company that makes computer modems and related technologies. ... 3Com (NASDAQ: COMS) is a manufacturer best known for its computer network infrastructure products. ... Donna Dubinsky (born July 4, 1955) has played an integral role in the development of personal digital assistants (PDAs) serving as CEO of Palm, Inc. ... Handspring logo Handspring was a maker of Personal Digital Assistants using the Palm OS operating system. ...


Numenta

In March, 2005, Jeff Hawkins, together with Donna Dubinsky and Dileep George founded Numenta, Inc. to further develop the pattern recognition software they call Hierarchical Temporal Memory. The company is headquartered in Menlo Park, California. Donna Dubinsky (born July 4, 1955) has played an integral role in the development of personal digital assistants (PDAs) serving as CEO of Palm, Inc. ... Wikinews has news related to this article: New company to research artificial brain Company founded March 24, 2005, by Palm founder Jeff Hawkins with his longtime business partner Donna Dubinsky and Stanford graduate student Dileep George. ... Hierarchical Temporal Memory (HTM) is a machine learning model developed by Jeff Hawkins and Dileep George of Numenta, Inc. ... Menlo Park is a city in San Mateo County, California in the United States of America. ...


Neuroscience

After graduating from Cornell in June 1979 he read a special issue of Scientific American on the brain. In it Francis Crick lamented the lack of a grand theory explaining how the brain functions[3]. Initially, he attempted to start a new department on the subject at his employer Intel, but was refused. He also unsuccessfully attempted to join the MIT AI Lab. He eventually decided he would try to find success in the computer industry and then try to use it to support his serious work on brains, as described in his book On Intelligence. Scientific American is a popular-science magazine, published (first weekly and later monthly) since August 28, 1845, making it the oldest continuously published magazine in the United States. ... Francis Harry Compton Crick OM FRS (8 June 1916 – 28 July 2004) was an English molecular biologist, physicist, and neuroscientist, who is most noted for being one of the co-discoverers of the structure of the DNA molecule in 1953. ... Intel Corporation (NASDAQ: INTC, SEHK: 4335), founded in 1968 as Integrated Electronics Corporation, is an American multinational corporation that is best known for designing and manufacturing microprocessors and specialized integrated circuits. ... ... On Intelligence On Intelligence: How a New Understanding of the Brain will Lead to the Creation of Truly Intelligent Machines is a book by PalmPilot-inventor Jeff Hawkins with New York Times science writer Sandra Blakeslee. ...


In 2002, after finding little interest in large-scale theoretical neuroscience, Hawkins founded the Redwood Neuroscience Institute in Menlo Park, California. As a result of the formation of Hawkins' new company, Numenta, the Institute was moved to the University of California, Berkeley on 1 July 2005, renamed the Redwood Center for Theoretical Neuroscience, and is now administered through the Helen Wills Neuroscience Institute. For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... Menlo Park is a city in San Mateo County, California in the United States of America. ... Wikinews has news related to this article: New company to research artificial brain Company founded March 24, 2005, by Palm founder Jeff Hawkins with his longtime business partner Donna Dubinsky and Stanford graduate student Dileep George. ... Sather tower (the Campanile) looking out over the San Francisco Bay and Mount Tamalpais. ... July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Helen Wills Moody memorial art The Helen Wills Neuroscience Institute (HWNI) at the University of California, Berkeley was founded in 1999 with assistance from a US$10 million bequeathal left by eight-time Wimbledon champion Helen Wills Moody, an alumna of the University of California - Berkeley. ...


In 2004, Hawkins published On Intelligence (with New York Times science writer Sandra Blakeslee), laying out his "memory-prediction framework" of how the brain works. His unified theory of the brain argues that the key to the brain and intelligence is the ability to make predictions about the world by seeing patterns. He argues that attempts to create an artificial intelligence by simply programming a computer to do what a brain does are flawed and that to actually make an intelligent computer, we simply need to teach it to find and use patterns, not to attempt any specific tasks. Through this method, he thinks we can build intelligent machines, helping us do all sorts of useful tasks that current computers can't achieve. He further argues that this memory-prediction system as implemented by the brain's cortex is the basis of human intelligence. shelby was here 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... On Intelligence On Intelligence: How a New Understanding of the Brain will Lead to the Creation of Truly Intelligent Machines is a book by PalmPilot-inventor Jeff Hawkins with New York Times science writer Sandra Blakeslee. ... The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ... The memory-prediction framework is a theory of brain function that was created by Jeff Hawkins and described in his book On Intelligence. ... Garry Kasparov playing against Deep Blue, the first machine to win a chess game against a reigning world champion. ... Location of the cerebral cortex Slice of the cerebral cortex, ca. ...


Quotes

  • "If you look at the history of big obstacles in understanding our world, there's usually an intuitive assumption underlying them that's wrong. In the case of the Solar System it was intuitively obvious that the Earth was at the center of the Solar System and things moved around us, but that just turned out to be wrong. ... And it intuitively seems correct that the brain is just some sort of computer—it just seems natural. ... But it has undermined almost all of our work to build intelligent machines and understand thinking. It's just wrong ... the brain isn't like a computer at all."
  • "This has been a long personal endeavor of mine. Twenty-five years ago ... I just fell in love with brains. ... I decided to dedicate my life to it. It has been a long road, it's up and down, it's actually not an easy thing to do, to say I'm going to work on large-scale theories of brain function. It was not something you could do in the 1980s. There was no place you could go. ... Nobody was doing the large-scale theory. That's changed in only recent years and I started my institute, the Redwood Neuroscience Institute, to create a place where you could focus on this problem. And, I think, that's really all it took."

References

  1. ^ Jeff Hawkins, On Intelligence, p.28
  2. ^ Jeff Hawkins, On Intelligence, p.1
  3. ^ F H C Crick, Thinking about the Brain. Scientific American 1979, 241,3:181-188

Books

  • Hawkins, Jeff (2005). On intelligence, Times Books, Henry Holt and Co. ISBN 0-8050-7456-2

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Jeff Hawkins - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (690 words)
Jeff Hawkins (born June 1, 1957 in Long Island, New York) is the founder of Palm Computing (where he invented the PalmPilot) and Handspring (where he invented the Treo).
As a result of the formation of Hawkins' new company, Numenta, the Institute was moved to the University of California, Berkeley on 1 July, 2005, renamed the Redwood Center for Theoretical Neuroscience, and is now administered through the Helen Wills Neuroscience Institute.
Jeff Hawkins, together with Donna Dubinsky and Dileep George recently founded Numenta to further develop the pattern recognition software.
Jeff Hawkins on entrepreneurship (625 words)
Jeff became an entrepreneur out of desperation because he could not accomplish the things he wanted to accomplish with his current employer or an existing major player.
Jeff pitched his idea for a consumer palmtop device to executives at Tandy while also pitching the idea to venture capitalists and was able to play both sides against each other while making his decision.
Jeff is now working on new types of computer memory by studying the neocortex portion of the brain.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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